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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431279/cognitive-control-in-action-tracking-the-dynamics-of-rule-switching-in-5-to-8-year-olds-and-adults
#1
Christopher D Erb, Jeff Moher, Joo-Hyun Song, David M Sobel
Recent studies have suggested that dissociable processes featuring distinct types of inhibition support cognitive control in tasks requiring participants to override a prepotent response with a control-demanding alternative response. An open question concerns how these processes support cognitive flexibility in rule-switching tasks. We used a technique known as reach tracking to investigate how 5- to 8-year-olds (Experiment 1) and adults (Experiment 2) select, maintain, and switch between incompatible rule sets in a computerized version of the Dimensional Change Card Sort (DCCS)...
April 17, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430836/test-retest-reliability-of-common-behavioral-decision-making-tasks
#2
Melissa T Buelow, Wesley R Barnhart
Objective: To examine test-retest reliability of common behavioral decision making tasks. Method: A total of 98 undergraduate students completed two administrations of the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART), Columbia Card Task (CCT), and Game of Dice Task (GDT), three weeks apart. Results: The BART, CCT, and GDT showed moderately strong correlations across time. On the IGT, no correlations were seen between Time 1 Trials 1-40 and Time 2 performance; however, weak correlations were observed between Time 1 Trials 41-100 and Time 2 performance...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430665/p2x7-receptor-and-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#3
Ju Young Bae, Sang-Woo Lee, Yong-Hwan Shin, Jong-Ho Lee, Jeong Won Jahng, Kyungpyo Park
In this study, we investigated purinergic receptor P2X7 and NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome expressions, and their role in head and neck cancer. We found upregulation of purinergic receptor P2X7 and all NLRP3 inflammasome components in biopsied head and neck squamous cell carcinoma tissues. Similarly, the expression of purinergic receptor P2X7, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing CARD, and pro-form caspase 1 in A253 cells derived from epidermoid carcinoma were highly upregulated in comparison to normal Human Salivary Gland cell line...
April 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429510/mixing-of-water-masses-caused-by-a-drifting-iceberg-affects-bacterial-activity-community-composition-and-substrate-utilization-capability-in-the-southern-ocean
#4
Julie Dinasquet, Inga Richert, Ramiro Logares, Patricia Yager, Stefan Bertilsson, Lasse Riemann
The number of icebergs produced from ice-shelf disintegration has increased over the past decade in Antarctica. These drifting icebergs mix the water column, influence stratification and nutrient condition, and can affect local productivity and food web composition. Data on whether icebergs affect bacterioplankton function and composition are scarce, however. We assessed the influence of iceberg drift on bacterial community composition and on their ability to exploit carbon substrates during summer in the coastal Southern Ocean...
April 21, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428878/immunization-dropout-rate-and-data-quality-among-children-12-23-months-of-age-in-ghana
#5
Benjamin Baguune, Joyce Aputere Ndago, Martin Nyaaba Adokiya
BACKGROUND: Immunization against diseases is one of the most important public health interventions with cost effective means to preventing childhood morbidity, mortality and disability. However, a proportion of children particularly in Africa are not fully immunized with the recommended vaccines. Thus, many children are still susceptible to the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) targeted diseases. The objective of this study was to determine the immunization dropout rate and data quality among children aged 12-23 months in Techiman Municipality, Ghana...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425183/associations-between-major-life-events-and-adherence-glycemic-control-and-psychosocial-characteristics-in-teens-with-type-1-diabetes
#6
Persis V Commissariat, Lisa K Volkening, Zijing Guo, Jessica L ElBach, Deborah A Butler, Lori M Laffel
AIMS: This cross-sectional study assessed the type of major life events occurring in a contemporary sample of teens with type 1 diabetes and the association between event frequency and demographic, diabetes management, and psychosocial characteristics. METHODS: Parents of 178 teens completed the Life Events Checklist to report major events teens had experienced in the last year: 42% experienced 0 to 1 event (n = 75), 32% experienced 2 to 3 events (n = 57), and 26% experienced 4+ events (n = 46)...
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424762/assessment-of-sensory-processing-characteristics-in-children-between-3-and-11-years-old-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Sara Jorquera-Cabrera, Dulce Romero-Ayuso, Gemma Rodriguez-Gil, José-Matías Triviño-Juárez
The assessment of sensory perception, discrimination, integration, modulation, praxis, and other motor skills, such as posture, balance, and bilateral motor coordination, is necessary to identify the sensory and motor factors influencing the development of personal autonomy. The aim of this work is to study the assessment tools currently available for identifying different patterns of sensory processing. There are 15 tests available that have psychometric properties, primarily for the US population. Nine of them apply to children in preschool and up to grade 12...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424058/family-members-of-deceased-palliative-care-patients-receiving-bereavement-anniversary-cards-a-survey-on-the-recipient-s-reactions-and-opinions
#8
Swantje Goebel, Sandra Stephanie Mai, Christina Gerlach, Ulrike Windschmitt, Karl-Heinz Feldmann, Martin Weber
BACKGROUND: Bereavement support is part of palliative care. Sending out bereavement anniversary cards is one intervention of follow-up support for the bereaved. This study evaluated the suitability of bereavement anniversary cards as an appropriate method in bereavement care. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to each card recipient since the starting point of this practice (October 2014-June 2015). Data was analyzed descriptively. RESULTS: 24 of 68 deliverable questionnaires were returned (response rate 35%)...
April 19, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423834/communication-of-children-symptoms-in-emergency-classification-of-the-terminology
#9
Jessica Rochat, Johan Siebert, Annick Galetto, Christian Lovis, Frédéric Ehrler
The significant part of non-urgent visits to the emergency highlight the necessity to advise people on the actions to take according to their symptoms. Although information sources are accessible through different channels their content often employs medical terminologies that are difficult to understand by laypersons. Our goal is to provide a terminology of the most common symptoms in pediatric emergency adapted to laypersons. This terminology is organized in a hierarchy by the mean of a card-sorting study...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423424/field-evaluation-of-potential-pheromone-lures-for-lygus-lineolaris-hemiptera-miridae-in-the-mid-south
#10
Katherine A Parys, David R Hall
Plant bugs (Hemiptera: Miridae) are phytophagous pests of cultivated plants around the world. In the mid-South region of the United States, Lygus lineolaris (Palisot de Beauvois) is a primary pest of cotton, and causes economic damage. Previously published research about the volatiles produced by members of the genus Lygus, and other closely related groups, indicated that they produce blends of hexyl butyrate, (E)-2-hexenyl butyrate, and (E)-4-oxo-2-hexenal. Varying ratios of the three compounds were loaded into pipette tips, and screened in combination with non-UV white sticky cards for attractiveness to field populations of L...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422829/impact-of-pain-on-cognitive-functions-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-with-small-fiber-neuropathy-10-cases-and-a-literature-review
#11
Sandrine Indart, Jacques Hugon, Pierre Jean Guillausseau, Alice Gilbert, Julien Dumurgier, Claire Paquet, Damien Sène
Primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease characterized by xerophthalmia, xerostomia, and potential peripheral or central neurological involvement. In pSS, the prevalence of cognitive disorders is generally sparse across literature and the impact of pain on cognitive profile is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the relation between pain, cognitive complaint, and impairment in a very homogenous population of 10 pSS patients with painful small fiber neuropathy (PSFN) and spontaneous cognitive complaint...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422573/results-from-the-first-french-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-adolescents-2016
#12
Julien Aucouturier, Caroline Ganière, Salomé Aubert, Fabien Riviere, Corinne Praznoczy, Anne Vuillemin, Mark S Tremblay, Martine Duclos, David Thivel
BACKGROUND: Many countries publish periodic Report Cards on physical activity for children and youth. This paper presents the results from the first French Report Card providing a systematic synthesis and assessment of the national engagements to facilitate childhood physical activity. METHODS: A search for nationally representative data on 8 indicators of physical activity was conducted and the data were assessed by an expert panel according to international procedures...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421567/early-biomarker-response-and-patient-preferences-to-oral-and-intramuscular-vitamin-b12-substitution-in-primary-care-a-randomised-parallel-group-trial
#13
Corina Metaxas, Deborah Mathis, Cyrill Jeger, Kurt Eduard Hersberger, Isabelle Arnet, Philipp Walter
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 (VB12) deficiency can be treated with oral high-dose substitution or intramuscular (i.m.) injection of VB12. Whenever alternative routes of administration exist, patient preferences should be considered when choosing the treatment. We aimed to assess outpatient preferences towards oral or IM VB12 substitution and confirm noninferiority of early biomarker response with oral treatment, in a typical primary care population. METHODS: Prospective randomised nonblinded parallel-group trial...
April 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420104/low-power-near-field-communication-methods-for-rfid-applications-of-sim-cards
#14
Yicheng Chen, Zhaoxia Zheng, Mingyang Gong, Fengqi Yu
Power consumption and communication distance have become crucial challenges for SIM card RFID (radio frequency identification) applications. The combination of long distance 2.45 GHz radio frequency (RF) technology and low power 2 kHz near distance communication is a workable scheme. In this paper, an ultra-low frequency 2 kHz near field communication (NFC) method suitable for SIM cards is proposed and verified in silicon. The low frequency transmission model based on electromagnetic induction is discussed...
April 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419691/the-low-diverse-gastric-microbiome-of-the-jellyfish-cotylorhiza-tuberculata-is-dominated-by-four-novel-taxa
#15
Tomeu Viver, Luis H Orellana, Janet K Hatt, Mercedes Urdiain, Sara Díaz, Michael Richter, Josefa Antón, Massimo Avian, Rudolf Amann, Konstantinos T Konstantinidis, Ramon Rosselló-Móra
Cotylorhiza tuberculata is an important scyphozoan jellyfish producing population blooms in the Mediterranean probably due to pelagic ecosystem's decay. Its gastric cavity can serve as a simple model of microbial - animal digestive associations, yet poorly characterized. Using state-of-the-art metagenomic population binning and catalyzed reporter deposition fluorescence in situ hybridization (CARD-FISH), we show that only four novel clonal phylotypes were consistently associated with multiple jellyfish adults...
April 17, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416661/single-cell-analysis-of-hiv-1-transcriptional-activity-reveals-expression-of-proviruses-in-expanded-clones-during-art
#16
Ann Wiegand, Jonathan Spindler, Feiyu F Hong, Wei Shao, Joshua C Cyktor, Anthony R Cillo, Elias K Halvas, John M Coffin, John W Mellors, Mary F Kearney
Little is known about the fraction of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) proviruses that express unspliced viral RNA in vivo or about the levels of HIV RNA expression within single infected cells. We developed a sensitive cell-associated HIV RNA and DNA single-genome sequencing (CARD-SGS) method to investigate fractional proviral expression of HIV RNA (1.3-kb fragment of p6, protease, and reverse transcriptase) and the levels of HIV RNA in single HIV-infected cells from blood samples obtained from individuals with viremia or individuals on long-term suppressive antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
April 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415318/effects-of-spatial-and-temporal-noise-on-a-cubic-autocatalytic-reaction-diffusion-model
#17
Jean-Sébastien Gagnon, David Hochberg, Juan Pérez-Mercader
We characterize the influence that external noise, with both spatial and temporal correlations, has on the scale dependence of the reaction parameters of a cubic autocatalytic reaction diffusion (CARD) system. Interpreting the CARD model as a primitive reaction scheme for a living system, the results indicate that power-law correlations in environmental fluctuations can either decrease or increase the rates of nutrient decay and the rate of autocatalysis (replication) on small spatial and temporal scales.
March 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415146/a-time-of-uncertainty-a-time-to-step-forward
#18
EDITORIAL
Alan J Card
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Healthcare Risk Management: the Journal of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413037/a-return-to-training-days-gone-by-a-case-for-a-uniform-report-card-system-for-gynaecologic-surgery
#19
EDITORIAL
Lindsay Shirreff, Ally Murji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412157/are-we-ready-for-a-tissue-identity-card-of-inherited-cardiomyopathies
#20
EDITORIAL
Cristina Basso, Gaetano Thiene
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
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