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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527817/lymphatic-filariasis-elimination-efforts-in-rufiji-south-eastern-tanzania-decline-in-circulating-filarial-antigen-prevalence-in-young-school-children-after-twelve-rounds-of-mass-drug-administration-and-utilization-of-long-lasting-insecticide-treated-nets
#1
Clarer Jones, Billy Ngasalla, Yahya A Derua, Donath Tarimo, Mwelecele N Malecela
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a parasitic infection transmitted by mosquito vectors and in sub Saharan Africa it is caused by nematode Wuchereria bancrofti. The disease has been targeted for global elimination by using annual mass drug administration (MDA) strategy. On the other hand, vector control is known to play important complementary role to the MDAs in reducing LF transmission. We report the findings of the effect of MDA and ITNs intervention implemented in endemic area of south-eastern Tanzania METHODS: A cross-sectional study for W...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526858/expression-and-activity-of-the-bioh-esterase-of-biotin-synthesis-is-independent-of-genome-context
#2
Xinyun Cao, Lei Zhu, Zhe Hu, John E Cronan
BioH is an α/β-hydrolase required for synthesis of the pimelate moiety of biotin in diverse bacteria. The bioH gene is found in different genomic contexts. In some cases (e.g., Escherichia coli) the gene is not located within a biotin synthetic operon and its transcription is not coregulated with the other biotin synthesis genes. In other genomes such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa the bioH gene is within a biotin synthesis operon and its transcription is coregulated with the other biotin operon genes. The esterases of pimelate moiety synthesis show remarkable genomic plasticity in that in some biotin operons bioH is replaced by other α/ß hydrolases of diverse sequence...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526477/increasing-intention-to-cook-from-basic-ingredients-a-randomised-controlled-study
#3
Fiona Lavelle, Lynsey Hollywood, Martin Caraher, Laura McGowan, Michelle Spence, Dawn Surgenor, Amanda McCloat, Elaine Mooney, Monique Raats, Moira Dean
The promotion of home cooking is a strategy used to improve diet quality and health. However, modern home cooking typically includes the use of processed food which can lead to negative outcomes including weight gain. In addition, interventions to improve cooking skills do not always explain how theory informed their design and implementation. The Behaviour Change Technique (BCT) taxonomy successfully employed in other areas has identified essential elements for interventions. This study investigated the effectiveness of different instructional modes for learning to cook a meal, designed using an accumulating number of BCTs, on participant's perceived difficulty, enjoyment, confidence and intention to cook from basic ingredients...
May 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525945/the-protective-effect-of-luteolin-on-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-i-r-injury-through-tlr4-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-nlrp3-inflammasome-pathway
#4
Xu Zhang, Qianming Du, Yan Yang, Jianing Wang, Shuai Dou, Chao Liu, Junguo Duan
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of Luteolin(Lut) on myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury and explore the underlying mechanism. Myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (I/R) model was induced with 30min of left anterior descending (LAD) occlusion followed by 24h of reperfusion. In vivo, the rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: (1)Sham, (2)I/R, (3)I/R+Lut(40mg/kg), (4)I/R+Lut(80mg/kg) and (5)I/R+Lut(160mg/kg). In vitro, the H9c2 cells were assigned to five groups: (1)control, (2)hypoxia-reoxygenation(H/R), (3)H/R+Lut(5μM), (4)H/R+Lut(10μM) and (5)H/R+Lut(20μM)...
May 15, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524894/the-need-for-identification-cards-in-immuno-oncology-%C3%A2
#5
Lisa Kennedy Sheldon
Oncology nurses have worked within the three pillars of cancer care-surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy -for decades. Now, immuno-oncologic (I-O) therapy agents are a new paradigm in cancer treatment. On March 28, 2017, an I-O think tank was held at the Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) in Pittsburgh, PA. This think tank was organized in response to the rapid changes in cancer treatment with the advent of I-O therapies. The think tank appraised the needs of patients receiving these agents and the oncology nurses and healthcare providers caring for them...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516127/a-pilot-study-for-linking-adolescent-patients-to-an-interactive-tobacco-prevention-program
#6
Karen S Calabro, Salma K Marani, Thuan A Le, Georges E Khalil, Irene M Tami-Maury, Alexander V Prokhorov
CONTEXT: The American Academy of Pediatrics and professional guidelines recommend intervening with adolescents about avoiding tobacco use in the health-care setting. Barriers in the clinical setting limit consistent provision of this critical service. OBJECTIVES: This pilot study compared 2 approaches for referring adolescents to an evidence-based tobacco prevention and cessation program in the outpatient setting. Secondary aims assessed tobacco use, knowledge, and program evaluation...
January 2017: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516117/reconstruction-of-the-mouse-inflammasome-system-in-hek293t-cells
#7
Hexin Shi, Anne Murray, Bruce Beutler
The NLRP3 (NLR family, Pyrin domain containing 3) inflammasome is a multiprotein complex comprised of NLRP3, pro-caspase-1, the adaptor protein apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC), and the protein kinase NIMA related kinase 7 (NEK7) (Shi et al., 2016; He et al., 2016; Schmid-Burgk et al., 2016). When cells are exposed to microbes and/or danger signals, the inflammasome assembles and serves as a platform for the activation of caspase-1. Caspase-1 activation promotes the processing and secretion of the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-18, and IL-33 as well as pyroptosis induction (Gross et al...
November 5, 2016: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515802/from-cue-cards-to-code-rot-in-the-end-it-s-not-how-you-acquire-the-content-it-s-what-you-do-with-it
#8
EDITORIAL
Andrew E MacNeily
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515198/post-authorisation-passive-enhanced-safety-surveillance-of-seasonal-influenza-vaccines-protocol-of-a-pilot-study-in-england
#9
Simon de Lusignan, Gaël Dos Santos, Ana Correa, François Haguinet, Ivelina Yonova, Florence Lair, Rachel Byford, Filipa Ferreira, Karen Stuttard, Tom Chan
AIM: To pilot enhanced safety surveillance of seasonal influenza vaccine meeting the European Medicines Agency (EMA) requirement to rapidly detect a significant increase in the frequency or severity of adverse events of interest (AEIs), which may indicate risk from the new season's vaccine. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective passive enhanced safety surveillance combining data collection from adverse drug reaction (ADR) cards with automated collection of pseudonymised routinely collected electronic health record (EHR) data...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514134/-well-child-visits-regarding-growth-and-development-of-infants-a-cross-cultural-comparison
#10
Yana Shraga, Orly Sarid, Julie Cwikel, Haim Reuveni
AIMS: 1. To examine the rate of WCV among mothers in four ethno-cultural groups: native-born Jewish, Bedouin and immigrants from the Former Soviet Union (FSU) and Ethiopia; 2. to test the relationship between WCV in the first and second year of the infant's life; 3. to assess the effect of sociodemographic variables on WCV. BACKGROUND: Consistent infant well-child visits (WCV) have been found to be related to better health status and a decrease in visits to the emergency room and hospitalizations...
July 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511770/federal-per-capita-funding-of-medicaid-deals-a-wild-card-to-the-states
#11
(no author information available yet)
Since its inception, the federal government has financed a certain percentage of Medicaid expenditures. The American Health Care Act would ditch the percentage funding and replace it with a set amount per Medicaid beneficiary. The bill calls for using each state's spending in 2016 as the base year to arrive at the per Medicaid beneficiary amount.
April 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511684/access-to-pediatric-rheumatology-care-for-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#12
Khulood Khawaja, Mustafa Al-Maini
BACKGROUND: This study looks at access to care for Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis through pediatric rheumatology in the UAE, as an example of multi-ethnic society. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of Juvenile idiopathic arthritis were identified through the hospital electronic medical records system from January 1st 2011 to December 31st 2014. All residents of the United Arab Emirates hold an Emirates identity card. We divided our patients into two groups: Emirati-Emirates, who are native Emirati children and hold the Emirati nationality, as stated on their Emirates identity card, and who therefore have full, comprehensive access to free medical care; and non-Emirati-Emirates, who represent other nationalities, as stated on their Emirates identity card...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511157/-conceptual-approaches-to-improve-the-system-of-preventive-medical-examinations-of-the-adult-population
#13
Олег Л Зюков, Володимир А Гандзюк, Наталія Ю Кондратюк
INTRODUCTION: Health indicators Ukraine's adult population over the last decade still too high for both countries of the European Community. Features direction of preventive health system of Ukraine, currently used extremely limited. Existing approaches to planning and carrying out preventive medical examinations in our country are outdated and are formal, so improving the existing system of preventive medical examinations of the adult population is necessary and timely. AIM: To prove scientifically conceptual approaches to improving the planning and implementation of preventive medical examinations of adults through functional and structural changes...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507611/the-impact-of-extended-typing-on-red-blood-cell-alloimmunization-in-transfused-patients
#14
Tatjana Makarovska-Bojadzieva, Emilija Velkova, Milenka Blagoevska
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell (RBC) alloimmunization is still an actual problem in our transfusion practice. In 2011, in addition to the regular ABO/D blood group typing, phenotyping for Rh (C, c, E, e) and Kell antigens was introduced for blood donors and patients undergoing blood transfusion. Our aim was to evaluate the impact of the extended RBC typing and donor/recipient matching on the incidence of RBC alloimmunization. METHODS: A retrospective comparative study was conducted by reviewing RBC request records for about 36,000 patients transfused with RBC in the period from 2013 to 2015 in comparison to the similar study conducted on 47,000 transfused patients in the period from 2005 to 2008...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506683/the-caspase-1-inhibitor-card18-is-specifically-expressed-during-late-differentiation-of-keratinocytes-and-its-expression-is-lost-in-lichen-planus
#15
Haihong Qin, Jiang Jin, Heinz Fischer, Michael Mildner, Maria Gschwandtner, Veronika Mlitz, Leopold Eckhart, Erwin Tschachler
BACKGROUND: CARD18 contains a caspase recruitment domain (CARD) via which it binds to caspase-1 and thereby inhibits caspase-1-mediated activation of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-1β. OBJECTIVES: To determine the expression profile and the role of CARD18 during differentiation of keratinocytes and to compare the expression of CARD18 in normal skin and in inflammatory skin diseases. METHODS: Human keratinocytes were induced to differentiate in monolayer and in 3D skin equivalent cultures...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506154/seroadaptive-strategies-of-vancouver-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-a-treatment-as-prevention-environment
#16
Eric Abella Roth, Zishan Cui, Ashleigh Rich, Nathan Lachowsky, Paul Sereda, Kiffer Card, Jody Jollimore, Terry Howard, Heather Armstrong, David Moore, Robert Hogg
British Columbia's Treatment as Prevention policy has provided free access to Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) to all HIV-positive provincial residents since 1996. One outcome is an increase in HIV-positive gay and bisexual men (GBM) with suppressed viral loads. Previous cross-sectional analyses indicated that some Vancouver GBM now recognize condomless anal sex with men on HAART who report a suppressed viral load as a sero-adaptive strategy. To test the hypothesis that this new strategy, termed viral load sorting (VLS), is recognized and used among by GBM in the Momentum Health Study, we analyzed longitudinal data for HIV-negative/unknown (n = 556) and HIV-positive (n = 218) sero-status participants...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505326/incidence-of-bactericera-cockerelli-hemiptera-triozidae-under-different-pesticide-regimes-in-the-lower-columbia-basin
#17
Erik R Echegaray, Silvia I Rondon
Zebra chip is a potato disease transmitted by the potato psyllid Bactericera cockerelli (Šulc) and distributed across several regions of the United States. Because of its potentially devastating effects, the disease represents a threat to the potato production and the industry particularly in the Pacific Northwest, where it was first detected in 2011. Efforts to control the disease primarily focus on managing the vector using pesticides. In this study, the effectiveness of two pesticide spray programs in 2012 ("FULL" and "REDUCED") and three in 2013 ("FULL 1," "FULL 2," and "REDUCED") against the potato psyllid was evaluated...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503173/microbial-community-response-to-simulated-petroleum-seepage-in-caspian-sea-sediments
#18
Marion H Stagars, Sonakshi Mishra, Tina Treude, Rudolf Amann, Katrin Knittel
Anaerobic microbial hydrocarbon degradation is a major biogeochemical process at marine seeps. Here we studied the response of the microbial community to petroleum seepage simulated for 190 days in a sediment core from the Caspian Sea using a sediment-oil-flow-through (SOFT) system. Untreated (without simulated petroleum seepage) and SOFT sediment microbial communities shared 43% bacterial genus-level 16S rRNA-based operational taxonomic units (OTU0.945) but shared only 23% archaeal OTU0.945. The community differed significantly between sediment layers...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500814/fta-cards-facilitate-storage-shipment-and-detection-of-arboviruses-in-infected-aedes-aegypti-collected-in-adult-mosquito-traps
#19
Sonja Hall-Mendelin, Glen R Hewitson, Doris Genge, Peter J Burtonclay, Amanda J De Jong, Alyssa T Pyke, Andrew F van den Hurk
AbstractThe utility of applying infected Aedes aegypti to Flinders Technology Associates (FTA(®)) cards for storage, transport, and detection of dengue, Zika, and Barmah Forest viruses was assessed in laboratory-based experiments. The mosquitoes had been removed from Gravid Aedes Traps maintained under conditions of high temperature and humidity. RNA of all viruses could be detected in infected mosquitoes on FTA cards either individually or in pools with uninfected mosquitoes, and stored for up to 28 days...
May 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498538/hanging-out-with-the-right-crowd-peer-influence-on-risk-taking-behavior-in-adolescence
#20
Jorien Van Hoorn, Eveline A Crone, Linda Van Leijenhorst
Peer influence plays a key role in the increase of risk-taking behavior during adolescence. However, its underlying processes are not fully understood. This study examined the effects of social norms, conveyed through peer advice, on risk-taking behavior in 15- to 17-year-old adolescents (N = 76). Participants played a card-guessing task alone and with online peer advice. Results showed that risk-taking increased in the presence of peers. The results further showed that adolescents took into account the uncertainty associated with gambles, as well as the social norms conveyed by peers...
March 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
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