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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160943/a-meta-analysis-of-the-differential-relations-of-traditional-and-cyber-victimization-with-internalizing-problems
#1
Gianluca Gini, Noel A Card, Tiziana Pozzoli
This meta-analysis examined the associations between cyber-victimization and internalizing problems controlling for the occurrence of traditional victimization. Twenty independent samples with a total of 90,877 participants were included. Results confirmed the significant intercorrelation between traditional and cyber-victimization (r = .43). They both have medium-to-large bivariate correlations with internalizing problems. Traditional victimization (sr = .22) and cyber-victimization (sr = .12) were also uniquely related to internalizing problems...
November 21, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160861/a-lightweight-anonymous-authentication-protocol-with-perfect-forward-secrecy-for-wireless-sensor-networks
#2
Ling Xiong, Daiyuan Peng, Tu Peng, Hongbin Liang, Zhicai Liu
Due to their frequent use in unattended and hostile deployment environments, the security in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) has attracted much interest in the past two decades. However, it remains a challenge to design a lightweight authentication protocol for WSNs because the designers are confronted with a series of desirable security requirements, e.g., user anonymity, perfect forward secrecy, resistance to de-synchronization attack. Recently, the authors presented two authentication schemes that attempt to provide user anonymity and to resist various known attacks...
November 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160475/revalidation-of-game-for-teaching-blood-pressure-auscultatory-measurement-a-pilot-study
#3
Margarete Consorti Bellan, Vanessa Cortez Alves, Mayza Luzia Dos Santos Neves, José Luiz Tatagiba Lamas
OBJECTIVE: To adapt a pre-existing educational game, making it specific to the teaching of blood pressure auscultatory measurement, and to apply this game in a pilot study. METHOD: The original game cards were altered by the authors and submitted to content validation by six experts in the field. After redesigns, the game was applied to 30 subjects, who answered a questionnaire (pre-test and post-test) on auscultatory measurement. Data were analyzed descriptively and by the paired Student's t-test and paired Wilcoxon test...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159267/long-term-impact-of-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-on-cognitive-function-assessed-with-the-national-institutes-of-health-toolbox-the-look-ahead-study
#4
Kathleen M Hayden, Laura D Baker, George Bray, Raymond Carvajal, Kathryn Demos-McDermott, Andrea L Hergenroeder, James O Hill, Edward Horton, John M Jakicic, Karen C Johnson, Rebecca H Neiberg, Stephen R Rapp, Thomas A Wadden, Michael E Miller
Introduction: This study sought to determine whether 10 years of assignment to intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) relative to diabetes support and education leads to better cognition. We examine intervention effects overall and among clinical subgroups, and report correlations between computer-administered and interviewer-administered cognitive batteries. Methods: The Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) was a 16-site randomized controlled trial with overweight/obese individuals (aged 45-76) who had type 2 diabetes...
2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157960/immune-responses-to-intradermal-and-intramuscular-inactivated-influenza-vaccine-among-older-age-group
#5
Kobporn Boonnak, Jittima Dhitavat, Narumon Thantamnu, Nathamon Kosoltanapiwat, Montida Auayporn, Li Jiang, Pilaipan Puthavathana, Punnee Pitisuttithum
BACKGROUD: Influenza viruses cause substantial morbidity, especially in older age groups. Thus, they are amongst high priority groups for routine vaccination. However, vaccine-induced immune responses and effectiveness were reported as relatively low. This study aims to systemically compare the immune responses elicited by intramuscular (IM) and intradermal (ID) injections with inactivated seasonal influenza vaccine among the older age group. METHODS: A prospective, open-label, randomized study with a total of 221 adults (>60 years) were enrolled and randomized into 2 groups...
November 17, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157666/cognitive-flexibility-in-preschool-children-with-and-without-stuttering-disorders
#6
Naomi Eichorn, Klara Marton, Steven Pirutinsky
PURPOSE: Multifactorial explanations of developmental stuttering suggest that difficulties in self-regulation and weak attentional flexibility contribute to persisting stuttering. We tested this prediction by examining whether preschool-age children who stutter (CWS) shift their attention less flexibly than children who do not stutter (CWNS) during a modified version of the Dimension Card Change Sort (DCCS), a reliable measure of attention switching for young children. METHODS: Sixteen CWS (12 males) and 30 children CWNS (11 males) participated in the study...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157275/the-prevent-study-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-and-acceptability-of-a-community-based-intervention-to-prevent-childhood-tuberculosis-in-lesotho-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Yael Hirsch-Moverman, Andrea A Howard, Koen Frederix, Limakatso Lebelo, Anneke Hesseling, Sharon Nachman, Joanne E Mantell, Tsepang Lekhela, Llang Bridget Maama, Wafaa M El-Sadr
BACKGROUND: Effective, evidence-based interventions to prevent childhood tuberculosis (TB) in high TB/HIV-burden, resource-limited settings are urgently needed. There is limited implementation of evidence-based contact management strategies, including isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT), for child contacts of TB cases in Lesotho. METHODS/DESIGN: This mixed-methods implementation science study utilizes a two-arm cluster-randomized trial design with randomization at the health facility level...
November 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157066/association-between-small-for-gestational-age-and-low-birth-weight-with-attention-deficit-and-impaired-executive-functions-in-3-6-years-old-children
#8
M Shariat, J Gharaee, H Dalili, Y Mohammadzadeh, Sh Ansari, Z Farahani
BACKGROUND: Behavioral disorders and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms are frequently reported among children with history of small body size at birth and disproportionate intrauterine growth retardation. The current study aimed to investigate some factors like executive functions and attention deficit in children with history of Small for gestational age (SGA) and /or Low Birth Weight (LBW) at birth. METHODS: A historical cohort study was done and 3-6 years old preschool children (with past history of SGA/LBW) from some kindergartens and health centers were selected...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156426/theory-of-mind-and-schizophrenia-in-young-and-middle-aged-patients-influence-of-executive-functions
#9
Marta Croca, Aurèlie Lagodka, Remi Gadel, Marie Chantal Bourdel, Narjes Bendjemaa, Raphael Gaillard, Jean Pierre Olié, M Champagne-Lavau, Marie Odile Krebs, Isabelle Amado
Theory of Mind (ToM) is compromised in schizophrenia, and responsible for social disability. We aim to study the correlation between ToM deficits and Executive Functions (EF), using the Faux Pas Test (FPT) for ToM evaluation, Behavioral Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS) and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) for EF assessment. Two groups of patients with schizophrenia were included: 22 young (18-35 years-old) and 18 middle-aged (>50 years-old) Patients, compared to age-matched Controls. We found worst FPT performances in both groups of patients, but with a more generalized pattern of dysfunction in the middle-aged patient group...
November 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155727/microrna-based-liquid-biopsy-the-experience-of-the-plasma-mirna-signature-classifier-msc-for-lung-cancer-screening
#10
Mavis Mensah, Cristina Borzi, Carla Verri, Paola Suatoni, Davide Conte, Ugo Pastorino, Fortunato Orazio, Gabriella Sozzi, Mattia Boeri
The development of a minimally invasive test, such as liquid biopsy, for early lung cancer detection in its preclinical phase is crucial to improve the outcome of this deadly disease. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are tissue specific, small, non-coding RNAs regulating gene expression, which may act as extracellular messengers of biological signals derived from the cross-talk between the tumor and its surrounding microenvironment. They could thus represent ideal candidates for early detection of lung cancer. In this work, a methodological workflow for the prospective validation of a circulating miRNA test using custom made microfluidic cards and quantitative Real-Time PCR in plasma samples of volunteers enrolled in a lung cancer screening trial is proposed...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154184/perceptions-of-nursing-students-after-performing-an-individual-activity-designed-to-develop-their-critical-thinking-the-critical-card-tool
#11
Fernando Urcola-Pardo, Isabel Blázquez-Ornat, Ana Anguas-Gracia, Ángel Gasch-Gallen, Concepción Germán-Bes
Critical thinking in Health Sciences is among the transversal competences in the Nursing Degree. The critical card is a tool of individual learning, designed to develop critical thinking, and set in the process of environmental health learning. Every student must perform the activity to obtain the highest qualification in Community Health Nursing subject. The aim of this project was to evaluate this learning tool using the students' perceptions after its performance. The evaluation was based on the answers to a questionnaire obtained from the third course students of Nursing Degree at the University of Zaragoza...
November 10, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150101/lack-of-association-between-kidd-blood-group-system-and-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
Tiago Verri Capriolli, Jeane Eliete Laguila Visentainer, Ana Maria Sell
BACKGROUND: The Kidd blood group system has three antigens, Jk(a), Jk(b) and Jk3, found on red blood cells and on endothelial cells of the inner lining of blood vessels in the renal medulla. These are known as urea transporter B (UT-B). Researchers have found that individuals carrying the Jk(a-b-) or Jk-null (UT-B null) phenotypes have a lower urine-concentrating capability and risk of severe renal impairment. This study evaluated the distribution of the Kidd phenotypes in patients with chronic kidney disease and a possible association of Kidd antigens with the development of renal disease...
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146817/relapsed-refractory-hl-fdg-pet-is-the-trump-card
#13
Andrea Gallamini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138923/hippocampal-caudate-nucleus-interactions-support-exceptional-memory-performance
#14
Nils C J Müller, Boris N Konrad, Nils Kohn, Monica Muñoz-López, Michael Czisch, Guillén Fernández, Martin Dresler
Participants of the annual World Memory Championships regularly demonstrate extraordinary memory feats, such as memorising the order of 52 playing cards in 20 s or 1000 binary digits in 5 min. On a cognitive level, memory athletes use well-known mnemonic strategies, such as the method of loci. However, whether these feats are enabled solely through the use of mnemonic strategies or whether they benefit additionally from optimised neural circuits is still not fully clarified. Investigating 23 leading memory athletes, we found volumes of their right hippocampus and caudate nucleus were stronger correlated with each other compared to matched controls; both these volumes positively correlated with their position in the memory sports world ranking...
November 14, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138856/differentially-expressed-proteins-in-the-human-esophageal-cancer-cell-line-eca%C3%A2-109-in-the-presence-and-absence-of-gemcitabine
#15
Zenghuang Ma, Xiaojie Xue
The present study aimed to screen and study the roles of differentially expressed proteins in the human esophageal cancer cell line Eca‑109, in the presence and absence of gemcitabine (GEM). The 3‑(4,5)‑dimethylthiahiazo (-z-y1)-3,5-di-phenytetrazoliumromide (MTT) method was used to assay the vitality of the Eca‑109 cells following treatment with GEM (1‑16 µg/ml). The cell apoptosis was measured by using fluorescence activated cell sorting. The proteins in the treated Eca‑109 cells were extracted, validated, and assayed via two‑dimensional gel electrophoresis combined with matrix‑assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI‑TOF‑MS)...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138202/development-of-a-discussion-tool-to-enable-well-being-by-providing-choices-for-people-with-dementia-a-qualitative-study-incorporating-codesign-and-participatory-action-research
#16
Dianne Patricia Goeman, Marissa Dickins, Steve Iliffe, Dimity Pond, Fleur O'Keefe
OBJECTIVE: To codesign a discussion tool to facilitate negotiation of risk between health professionals, people with dementia and carers. METHODS: A qualitative approach using codesign. Thematic analysis was used to analyse interviews and focus groups with people with dementia, carers, healthcare staff and healthy older people exploring the issue of risk in dementia, the acceptability and development of a discussion tool. RESULTS: Sixty-one participants identified the breadth, depth and complexity of risk in dementia care and the need for individualised solutions...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135352/the-effectiveness-of-daily-behavior-report-cards-for-children-with-adhd-a-meta-analysis
#17
Michelle Iznardo, Maria A Rogers, Robert J Volpe, Patrick R Labelle, Philippe Robaey
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis examined group-design studies investigating the effectiveness of Daily Behavior Report Cards (DBRC) as a school-based intervention to manage the classroom behavior of students with ADHD. METHODS: A search of three article databases (PsycINFO, ERIC and Medline) identified seven group design evaluations of DBRC interventions. This meta-analysis included a total of 272 participants, with an average age of 7.9 years old. Three of the studies compared a control group to a treatment group with randomized group assignment, one study compared a control group to three treatment groups, two studies compared pre-and post-treatment scores in the same group, and one study compared pre-and post-treatment results of two intervention groups without random assignment...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134425/quick-reference-tidal-volume-cards-reduce-the-incidence-of-large-tidal-volumes-during-surgery
#18
Chirag K Shah, Angela Moss, William Henderson, Breandan Sullivan, Ana Fernandez-Bustamante
Ventilation with large tidal volumes (V T), greater than 10 ml/kg of predicted body weight (PBW), is associated with worse outcomes in critically ill and surgical patients. We hypothesized that the availability of quick reference cards with proposed V T ranges specific to gender and different heights would reduce the intraoperative use of large V T during prolonged abdominal surgery. We compared retrospectively the incidence of median V T used during prolonged (≥4-h-long) abdominal surgery before ("before") and after ("after") the quick reference V T cards were made available in all anesthesia machines in operating rooms of a single academic US medical center...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134273/o-cdc7-kinase-where-art-thou
#19
Robert A Sclafani, Jay R Hesselberth
Although Cdc7 protein kinase is important for regulating DNA replication in all eukaryotes and is a target for cancer therapy, it has never been localized in cells. Recently, a novel molecular genomic method used by our laboratory to localize Cdc7 to regions of chromosomes. Originally, mutations in the CDC7 gene were found in the classic cdc mutant collection of Hartwell et al. (Genetics 74:267-286, 1973). The CDC7 gene was found to encode a protein kinase called DDK that has been studied for many years, establishing its precise role in the initiation of DNA replication at origins...
November 13, 2017: Current Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131708/processes-in-increasing-participation-of-african-american-women-in-cancer-prevention-trials-development-and-pretesting-of-an-audio-card
#20
Donna Kenerson, Saudat Fadeyi, Jianguo Liu, Mirabel Kleriwoh, Katina Beard, Margaret K Hargreaves
The enrollment of African American women into cancer prevention trials (CPTs) continues to be low despite their higher cancer mortality rates. Clinical trials are vital to the discovery of new prevention, diagnostic, and treatment methods that improve cancer outcomes. This study addressed attitudes and beliefs associated with the sub optimal participation of African American women in CPTs through the development and pretesting of an educational tool. The use of community-engaged research (CER) in the formative phase of this study was the basis for developing an audio-card...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
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