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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098806/antibacterial-activities-and-possible-modes-of-action-of-acacia-nilotica-l-del-against-multidrug-resistant-escherichia-coli-and-salmonella
#1
Muhammad Bilal Sadiq, Joel Tarning, Tay Zar Aye Cho, Anil Kumar Anal
Medicinal plants are frequently used for the treatment of various infectious diseases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity and mode of action of Acacia nilotica and the antibiogram patterns of foodborne and clinical strains of Escherichia coli and Salmonella. The mechanism of action of acacia extracts against E. coli and Salmonella was elucidated by observing morphological damages including cell integrity and cell membrane permeability, as well as changes in cell structures and growth patterns in kill-time experiments...
January 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078656/biosimilars-for-the-treatment-of-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-published-evidence
#2
REVIEW
Ira Jacobs, Reginald Ewesuedo, Sadiq Lula, Charles Zacharchuk
BACKGROUND: Biologic treatments for cancer continue to place a significant economic burden on healthcare stakeholders. Biosimilar therapies may help reduce this burden through cost savings, thereby increasing patient access. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to collate all published data to assess the weight of available evidence (quantity and quality) for proposed monoclonal antibody biosimilars and intended copies, for the treatment of cancer. METHODS: MEDLINE(®), Embase(®), and ISI Web of Science(®) databases were searched to September 2015...
January 11, 2017: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077489/rescue-of-severe-brain-and-cervical-cord-iris-by-restarting-natalizumab-in-a-pregnant-ms-patient
#3
Thomas H Massey, Rachel Smith, Shaheena Sadiq, Christopher Overton, Owen R Pearson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070467/social-support-and-resilience-among-patients-with-burn-injury-in-lahore-pakistan
#4
Ahmed Waqas, Sadiq Naveed, Mariam M Bhuiyan, Jawad Usman, Ahmed Inam-Ul-Haq, Sara S Cheema
INTRODUCTION: Social support and ego resiliency play a great role in maintaining the physical and mental health of patients with burn injuries. The present study has been designed to compare ego resiliency levels and the degree of social support in patients with a burn injury and their healthy counterparts. METHODS: This study was conducted in two teaching hospitals in Lahore, Pakistan from May 2015 to July 2015. A total of 80 burn patients presenting in outpatient departments of general surgery, plastic surgery, and burn centers of these hospitals were surveyed conveniently, and for comparison, 80 patients presenting in outpatient departments with minor ailments, for routine checkups or follow-ups were recruited...
November 8, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056166/nitric-oxide-for-respiratory-failure-in-infants-born-at-or-near-term
#5
REVIEW
Keith J Barrington, Neil Finer, Thomas Pennaforte, Gabriel Altit
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) is a major endogenous regulator of vascular tone. Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) gas has been investigated as treatment for persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether treatment of hypoxaemic term and near-term newborn infants with iNO improves oxygenation and reduces rate of death and use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), or affects long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes. SEARCH METHODS: We used the standard search strategy of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 1), MEDLINE via PubMed (1966 to January 2016), Embase (1980 to January 2016) and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL; 1982 to January 2016)...
January 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018812/pneumopericardium-leading-to-cardiac-tamponade-in-a-patient-with-lung-cancer
#6
Ahmad Al-Taweel, Adil Ayub, Chyun-Yin Huang, Sadiq Rehmani, Adnan Al-Ayoubi, Faiz Y Bhora
Pneumopericardium resulting in cardiac tamponade in patients with lung cancer is not documented. We report a case of squamous cell carcinoma of the lung complicated by pneumopericardium and subsequent cardiac tamponade. The patient underwent an urgent pericardial window with rapid improvement in symptoms. We discuss the possible pathogenesis and treatment options for this rare condition.
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017996/extraction-of-anthocyanins-from-pericarp-and-lipids-from-seeds-of-mangosteen-garcinia-mangostana-l-by-ultrasound-assisted-extraction-uae-and-evaluation-of-pericarp-extract-enriched-functional-ice-cream
#7
Lawan Hiranrangsee, Kishore K Kumaree, Muhammad Bilal Sadiq, Anil K Anal
Ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) was used to extract the anthocyanins from pericarp and lipids from the seeds of mangosteen. The optimum time for extraction of anthocyanin by maceration method and shaking water bath was 6 and 4 h, respectively, whereas, it was 5 min only for ultrasonic assisted extraction method. The anthocyanin content, extracted by UAE, was 23.54 mg Cyn-3-Glu/100 g. The regression equation derived by response surface methodology (RSM), was used to predict the anthocyanin content extracted by using UAE...
October 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013200/quality-and-acceptability-of-measures-of-exercise-adherence-in-musculoskeletal-settings-a-systematic-review
#8
Sionnadh McLean, Melanie A Holden, Tanzila Potia, Melanie Gee, Ross Mallett, Sadiq Bhanbhro, Helen Parsons, Kirstie Haywood
OBJECTIVE: To recommend robust and relevant measures of exercise adherence for application in the musculoskeletal field. METHOD: A systematic review of measures was conducted in two phases. Phase 1 sought to identify all reproducible measures used to assess exercise adherence in a musculoskeletal setting. Phase 2 identified published evidence of measurement and practical properties of identified measures. Eight databases were searched (from inception to February 2016)...
December 24, 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011889/rare-case-of-losartan-induced-cough-complicated-by-rectus-sheath-haematoma-in-a-patient-on-rivaroxaban-therapy
#9
Goutham Talari, Preetham Talari, Joseph Sweigart, Sadiq Ahmed
Spontaneous rectus sheath haematomas and cough secondary to losartan are individually rare conditions. Abdominal wall haematomas present with abdominal pain and abdominal mass. Most patients are managed conservatively; Surgery or embolisation is indicated for shock, infection, rupture into the peritoneum or intractable pain. This is a man aged 65 years presented with dry cough and right-sided abdominal pain. He started losartan a few weeks prior to the onset of cough and had been on rivaroxaban for prior deep venous thrombosis...
December 23, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001084/resveratrol-as-an-anticancer-agent-a-review
#10
Abdur Rauf, Muhammad Imran, Masood Sadiq Butt, Muhammad Nadeem, Dennis G Peters, Mohammad S Mubarak
Owing to their antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activity, grapes (Vitis vinifera L.) are the archetypal paradigms of fruits used not only for nutritional purposes but also for exclusive therapeutics. Grapes are a prominent and promising source of phytochemicals, especially resveratrol, a phytoalexin antioxidant found in red grapes which has both chemopreventive and therapeutic effects against various ailments. Resveratrol's role in reducing different human cancers, including breast, cervical, uterine, blood, kidney, liver, eye, bladder, thyroid, esophageal, prostate, brain, lung, skin, gastric, colon, head and neck, bone, ovarian, and cervical, has been reviewed...
December 21, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983955/reconstruction-of-anterior-tracheal-defects%C3%A2-using-a-bioengineered-graft-in-a%C3%A2-porcine-model
#11
Adnan M Al-Ayoubi, Sadiq S Rehmani, Catherine F Sinclair, Robert S Lebovics, Faiz Y Bhora
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of long-segment tracheal defects can be challenging and a suitable tracheal substitute remains lacking. We sought to create a bioengineered tracheal graft to repair such lesions using acellullar bovine dermis extracellular matrix (ECM) and male human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and implant it in a porcine model. METHODS: hMSCs were seeded on the ECM and incubated for 1 week with chondrogenic factors. An anterior 4 cm × 3 cm defect was surgically created in the trachea of 4-week-old female Yorkshire pigs...
October 27, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936147/absence-of-association-between-behavior-problems-in-childhood-and-hypertension-in-midlife
#12
Sadiq M Saad, Gurch Randhawa, Dong Pang
BACKGROUND: It is known that behavior in childhood is associated with certain physical and mental health problems in midlife. However, there is limited evidence on the role of childhood behavior problems in the development of hypertension in adulthood. The present study aimed to examine whether behavior problems in childhood influenced the risk of hypertension in midlife in the United Kingdom 1958 birth cohort. METHODS: The 1958 British birth cohort comprised 17,638 individuals born in the first week of March 1958 in the United Kingdom...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924252/how-to-conduct-a-systematic-review-a-narrative-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Nusrat Jahan, Sadiq Naveed, Muhammad Zeshan, Muhammad A Tahir
Systematic reviews are ranked very high in research and are considered the most valid form of medical evidence. They provide a complete summary of the current literature relevant to a research question and can be of immense use to medical professionals. Our goal with this paper is to conduct a narrative review of the literature about systematic reviews and outline the essential elements of a systematic review along with the limitations of such a review.
November 4, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923497/in-vivo-anti-inflammatory-activity-and-docking-study-of-newly-synthesized-benzimidazole-derivatives-bearing-oxadiazole-and-morpholine-rings
#14
Ankita Rathore, Raja Sudhakar, Mohamed Jawed Ahsan, Abuzer Ali, Naidu Subbarao, Surender Singh Jadav, Sadiq Umar, M Shahar Yar
In search of potential therapeutics for inflammatory disease, we report herein the synthesis, characterization and anti-inflammatory activities of a new series of 1-{(5-substituted-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)methyl}-2-(morpholinomethyl)-1H-benzimidazoles (5a-r). The anti-inflammatory activity of the compounds was evaluated using carrageenan induced rat paw edema test. Some compounds showed excellent anti-inflammatory activity in carrageenan induced rat paw edema test. 1-{(5-(2-Chlorophenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)methyl}-2-(morpholinomethyl)-1H-benzimidazole (5g) showed maximum anti-inflammatory (74...
November 29, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922990/robotically-assisted-thoracic-surgery-proposed-guidelines-for-privileging-and-credentialing
#15
Faiz Y Bhora, Adnan M Al-Ayoubi, Sadiq S Rehmani, Craig M Forleiter, Wissam N Raad, Scott G Belsley
OBJECTIVE: Increased use of robotically assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) necessitates effective credentialing guidelines to ensure safe outcomes. We provide a stepwise algorithm for granting privileges and credentials in RATS. This algorithm reflects graduated responsibility and complexity of the surgical procedures performed. Furthermore, it takes into account volume, outcomes, surgeon's competency, and appropriateness of robot usage. METHODS: We performed a literature review for available strategies to grant privileges and credentials for implementing robotic surgery...
November 2016: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919736/effect-of-morin-5-sulfonic-acid-sodium-salt-on-the-expression-of-apoptosis-related-proteins-caspase-3-bax-and-bcl-2-due-to-the-mercury-induced-oxidative-stress-in-albino-rats
#16
Rantham Subramaniam Venkatesan, Abdul Majeeth Mohamed Sadiq
Many environmental contaminants have been reported to disturb the pro-oxidant or antioxidant balance of the cells by inducing oxidative stress. Oxidative stress mediated by the HgCl2 induces DNA, protein and lipid oxidation resulted in necrosis or apoptosis, or both. Currently flavonoids are being emerging topic and reported to have antiviral, anti-inflammatory, anti- tumor and antioxidant activities. Morin is one of the flavonoid protects the cells from oxygen free radical damage and scavenges the free radicals and metals and also heals the injured cells commercially...
January 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919287/chemical-profiling-antimicrobial-and-insecticidal-evaluations-of-polygonum-hydropiper-l
#17
Muhammad Ayaz, Muhammad Junaid, Farhat Ullah, Abdul Sadiq, Muhammad Ovais, Waqar Ahmad, Sajjad Ahmad, Anwar Zeb
BACKGROUND: The emergence of multidrug resistant (MDR) pathogens is of great concern to the global health community. Our ability to effectively treat diseases is based on the discovery of potent drugs for the treatment of these challenging diseases. Traditional medicines are one of the major sources for the discovery of safe, effective and economical drug candidates. In order to validate its antibacterial, antifungal and insecticidal potentials with respect to traditional uses, we have screened for the first time Polygonum hydropiper against pathogenic bacterial, fungal strains and a variety of insects...
December 5, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913777/risk-factors-for-major-bleeding-in-the-seattle-ii-trial
#18
Immad Sadiq, Samuel Z Goldhaber, Ping-Yu Liu, Gregory Piazza
Ultrasound-facilitated, catheter-directed, low-dose fibrinolysis minimizes the risk of intracranial bleeding compared with systemic full-dose fibrinolytic therapy for pulmonary embolism (PE). However, major bleeding is nevertheless a potential complication. We analyzed the 150-patient SEATTLE II trial of submassive and massive PE patients to describe those who suffered major bleeding events following ultrasound-facilitated, catheter-directed, low-dose fibrinolysis and to identify risk factors for bleeding. Major bleeding was defined as GUSTO severe/life-threatening or moderate bleeds within 72 hours of initiation of the procedure...
December 1, 2016: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913418/a-novel-rhamnose-rich-hetero-exopolysaccharide-isolated-from-lactobacillus-paracasei-dg-activates-thp-1-human-monocytic-cells
#19
Silvia Balzaretti, Valentina Taverniti, Simone Guglielmetti, Walter Fiore, Mario Minuzzo, Hansel N Ngo, Judith B Ngere, Sohaib Sadiq, Paul N Humphreys, Andrew P Laws
: Lactobacillus paracasei DG is a bacterial strain with recognized probiotic properties and is used in commercial probiotic products. However, the mechanisms underlying its probiotic properties are mainly unknown. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the ability of strain DG to interact with the host is at least partly associated with its ability to synthesize a surface-associated exopolysaccharide (EPS). Comparative genomics revealed the presence of putative EPS gene clusters in the DG genome; accordingly, EPS was isolated from the surface of the bacterium...
February 1, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895364/a-10-year-review-of-indications-for-penetrating-keratoplasty-in-a-tertiary-care-setting-in-karachi-pakistan
#20
Tanveer Ajum Chaudhry, Salman Naveed Sadiq, Zubaida Sirang, Maheen Akhtar Syed, Mustafa Kamal, Khabir Ahmad
The retrospective study was conducted to determine the indications and outomes of penetrating keratoplasty(PKP) in a tertiary care setting in Pakistan. All eyes that had undergone PKP between January 2005 and December 2014 at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, were included.Data were collected on the indications of PKP, graft survival (graft clarity at final follow-up), andbest corrected visual acuity (BCVA).Kaplan-Meier\'s method was usedto analyse graft survival.Out of 437 eyes, 383(87%) were for visual purpose...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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