keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

EoL

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353253/experiential-learning-to-increase-palliative-care-competence-among-the-indigenous-workforce-an-australian-experience
#1
Shaouli Shahid, Stuart Ekberg, Michele Holloway, Catherine Jacka, Patsy Yates, Gail Garvey, Sandra C Thompson
OBJECTIVES: Improving Indigenous people's access to palliative care requires a health workforce with appropriate knowledge and skills to respond to end-of-life (EOL) issues. The Indigenous component of the Program of Experience in the Palliative Approach (PEPA) includes opportunities for Indigenous health practitioners to develop skills in the palliative approach by undertaking a supervised clinical placement of up to 5 days within specialist palliative care services. This paper presents the evaluative findings of the components of an experiential learning programme and considers the broader implications for delivery of successful palliative care education programme for Indigenous people...
January 20, 2018: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351142/worldwide-end-of-life-practice-for-patients-in-icus
#2
Wai-Tat Wong, Jason Phua, Gavin M Joynt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Published data and practice recommendations on end-of-life (EOL) generally reflect Western practice frameworks. Understanding worldwide practices is important because improving economic conditions are promoting rapid expansion of intensive care services in many previously disadvantaged regions, and increasing migration has promoted a new cultural diversity previously predominantly unicultural societies. This review explores current knowledge of similarities and differences in EOL practice between regions and possible causes and implications of these differences...
January 18, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350920/crystal-structures-and-human-leukemia-cell-apoptosis-inducible-activities-of-parthenolide-analogues-isolated-from-piptocoma-rufescens
#3
Yulin Ren, Judith C Gallucci, Xinxin Li, Lichao Chen, Jianhua Yu, A Douglas Kinghorn
The molecular structures of three parthenolide analogues, (-)-goyazensolide (1), (-)-15-deoxygoyazensolide (2), and (-)-ereglomerulide (3), isolated from the leaves of Piptocoma rufescens in a previous study were determined by X-ray analysis, and the absolute configuration of (-)-goyazensolide (1) was confirmed crystallographically using Cu Kα radiation at low temperature. Compounds 1-3, (+)-rufesolide A (4), and commercial parthenolide were found to be growth inhibitory toward MOLM-13 and EOL-1 human acute myeloid leukemia cells using PKC412 (midostaurin) as the positive control, with 1-3 being more active than parthenolide...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331488/a-potential-utilization-of-end-of-life-tyres-as-recycled-carbon-black-in-epdm-rubber
#4
M Sagar, K Nibedita, N Manohar, K Raj Kumar, S Suchismita, A Pradnyesh, A Babul Reddy, E Rotimi Sadiku, U N Gupta, P Lachit, J Jayaramudu
End-of-life (EOL) tyres and their decomposition present severe environmental concern due to their resistance to moisture, oxygen, natural degradation, etc. Pyrolysis is considered to be the most effective and sustainable process for recycling, due to its eco-friendly process. The current work studied the effect of recycled carbon black (rCB), obtained from the pyrolysis of EOL tyres, on the properties of ethylene propylene diene rubber (EPDM). The rCB was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and chemical methods...
January 10, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325440/case-mix-adjustment-of-the-bereaved-family-survey
#5
Ann Kutney-Lee, Joan Carpenter, Dawn Smith, Joshua Thorpe, Alina Tudose, Mary Ersek
Surveys of bereaved family members are increasingly being used to evaluate end-of-life (EOL) care and to measure organizational performance in EOL care quality. The Bereaved Family Survey (BFS) is used to monitor EOL care quality and benchmark performance in the Veterans Affairs (VA) health-care system. The objective of this study was to develop a case-mix adjustment model for the BFS and to examine changes in facility-level scores following adjustment, in order to provide fair comparisons across facilities...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314264/a-practical-guide-for-the-care-of-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-near-the-end-of-life
#6
Amar D Bansal, Jane O Schell
Most patients who rely on dialysis for treatment of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) never receive a kidney transplant. Therefore, it is important for nephrology providers to feel comfortable discussing the role of dialysis near the end of life (EOL). Advance care planning (ACP) is an ongoing process of learning patient values and goals in an effort to outline preferences for current and future care. This review presents a framework for how to incorporate ACP in the care of dialysis patients throughout the kidney disease course and at the EOL...
January 3, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307206/longevity-after-radiotherapy-of-stage-iii-lung-cancer-superior-vena-cava-obstruction-is-associated-with-early-mortality
#7
Federico L Ampil, Gloria Caldito, Srinivas Devarakonda, Moiz Vora, Glenn Mills, Shawn Milligan
BACKGROUND: People with locally advanced lung cancer have a poor prognosis. Physicians are unable to accurately predict life expectancy of patients. The aims of this retrospective study were to identify the life spans of individuals after radiotherapy of stage III carcinoma of the lung and to determine whether potential prognostic factors could identify people with distinct life spans. METHODS: Between September 1981 and August 2010, 133 consecutive individuals underwent definitive or palliative radiotherapy (with or without chemotherapy) for stage IIIA/IIIB disease...
November 24, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302254/terminally-differentiating-eosinophils-express-neutrophil-primary-granule-proteins-as-well-as-eosinophil-specific-granule-proteins-in-a-temporal-manner
#8
Karam Kim, Sae Mi Hwang, Sung Min Kim, Sung Woo Park, Yunjae Jung, Il Yup Chung
Neutrophils and eosinophils, 2 prominent granulocytes, are commonly derived from myelocytic progenitors through successive stages in the bone marrow. Our previous genome-wide transcriptomic data unexpectedly showed that genes encoding a multitude of neutrophil primary granule proteins (NPGPs) were markedly downregulated during the end period of eosinophilic terminal differentiation when cord blood (CB) cluster of differentiation (CD) 34+ cells were induced to differentiate toward the eosinophil lineage during a 24-day culture period...
December 2017: Immune Network
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298104/associations-between-mild-cognitive-dysfunction-and-end-of-life-outcomes-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#9
Keiko Kurita, M Cary Reid, Eugenia L Siegler, Eli L Diamond, Holly G Prigerson
BACKGROUND: Cognitive function of patients with advanced cancer is frequently compromised. OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent that patients' cognitive screening scores was associated with their end-of-life (EoL) treatment preferences, advance care planning (ACP), and care. DESIGN: Patients were interviewed at baseline and administered a cognitive screen. Caregivers completed a postmortem assessment. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Patients with distant metastases and disease progression after first-line chemotherapy and their caregivers (n = 609) were recruited from outpatient clinics and completed baseline and postmortem assessments...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295879/the-right-place-at-the-right-time-medical-oncology-outpatients-perceptions-of-location-of-end-of-life-care
#10
Amy Waller, Rob Sanson-Fisher, Nicholas Zdenkowski, Charles Douglas, Alix Hall, Justin Walsh
Background: Helping people achieve their preferred location of care is an important indicator of quality end-of-life (EOL) care. Using a sample of Australian medical oncology outpatients, this study examined (1) their preferred location of EOL care; (2) their perceived benefits and worries of receiving care in that location; (3) the percentage who had discussed preferences with their doctor and/or support person; and (4) whether they wanted their doctor to ask them where they wanted to die. Methods: Adults with a confirmed diagnosis of cancer were approached between September 2015 and January 2016 in the waiting room of an Australian oncology outpatient clinic...
January 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291585/quality-of-dying-and-death-in-the-icu-the-euroq2-project
#11
Rik T Gerritsen, Hanne Irene Jensen, Matty Koopmans, J Randall Curtis, Lois Downey, Jose G M Hofhuis, Ruth A Engelberg, Peter E Spronk, Jan G Zijlstra
PURPOSE: Knowledge of families' perspective of quality of intensive care unit (ICU) care is important, especially with regard to end-of-life (EOL) care. Adaptation of the US-developed "Quality of dying and death questionnaire" (QODD) to a European setting is lacking. The primary aim of this study is to examine the euroQODD's usability and its assessments of EOL care in a cohort of Danish and Dutch family members. METHODS: Family members of patients dying in an ICU after a stay of at least 48h were sent the euroQODD three weeks after the patient died...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290330/affective-science-and-avoidant-end-of-life-communication-can-the-science-of-emotion-help-physicians-talk-with-their-patients-about-the-end-of-life
#12
Jesse A Soodalter, Greg J Siegle, Michele Klein-Fedyshin, Robert Arnold, Yael Schenker
Despite believing end-of-life (EOL) discussions with patients are important, doctors often do not have them. Multiple factors contribute to this shortfall, which interventions including reimbursement changes and communication skills training have not significantly improved to date. One commonly cited but under-researched reason for physician avoidance of EOL discussion is emotional difficulty. High occupational demand for frequent difficult discussions may overload physicians' normal emotional functioning, leading to avoidance or failure...
December 11, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289656/accurate-prognostic-awareness-facilitates-whereas-better-quality-of-life-and-more-anxiety-symptoms-hinder-end-of-life-care-discussions-a-longitudinal-survey-study-in-terminally-ill-cancer-patients-last-six-months-of-life
#13
Siew Tzuh Tang, Chen Hsiu Chen, Fur-Hsing Wen, Jen-Shi Chen, Wen-Cheng Chang, Chia-Hsun Hsieh, Wen-Chi Chou, Ming-Mo Hou
BACKGROUND: Terminally ill cancer patients do not engage in end-of-life (EOL)-care discussions or do so only when death is imminent, despite guidelines for EOL-care discussions early in their disease trajectory. Most studies on patient-reported EOL-care discussions are cross-sectional without exploring the evolution of EOL-care discussions as death approaches. Cross-sectional studies cannot determine the direction of association between EOL-care discussions and patients' prognostic awareness, psychological well-being, and quality of life (QOL)...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285557/transfusion-practices-at-end-of-life-for-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-patients
#14
Winnie S Wang, Joseph D Ma, Sandahl H Nelson, Carolyn Revta, Gary T Buckholz, Carolyn Mulroney, Eric J Roeland
PURPOSE: Limited data exist regarding transfusion practices at end of life (EOL) for hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients. The purpose of this study was to examine red blood cell (RBC) and platelet transfusion practices in HSCT patients who enrolled or did not enroll in hospice. METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective chart review in deceased HSCT patients. The primary objective was to determine the mean difference between the last transfusion and death in HSCT patients (n = 116) who enrolled or did not enroll in hospice...
December 28, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284551/family-care-conferences-in-long-term-care-exploring-content-and-processes-in-end-of-life-communication
#15
Pamela Durepos, Sharon Kaasalainen, Tamara Sussman, Deborah Parker, Kevin Brazil, Susan Mintzberg, Alyssa Te
OBJECTIVE: End-of-life (EoL) communication in long-term care (LTC) homes is often inadequate and delayed, leaving residents dying with unknown preferences or goals of care. Poor communication with staff contributes to families feeling unprepared, distressed, and dissatisfied with care. Family care conferences (FCCs) aim to increase structured systematic communication around goals and plans for the end of life. As part of the Strengthening a Palliative Approach to Care (SPA-LTC) project, FCCs were implemented in four LTC sites in Ontario, Canada...
December 29, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276987/are-life-extending-treatments-for-terminal-illnesses-a-special-case-exploring-choices-and-societal-viewpoints
#16
Neil McHugh, Job van Exel, Helen Mason, Jon Godwin, Marissa Collins, Cam Donaldson, Rachel Baker
Criteria used by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) to assess life-extending, end-of-life (EoL) treatments imply that health gains from such treatments are valued more than other health gains. Despite claims that the policy is supported by societal values, evidence from preference elicitation studies is mixed and in-depth research has shown there are different societal viewpoints. Few studies elicit preferences for policies directly or combine different approaches to understand preferences...
December 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258492/oncology-nurses-perceptions-of-obstacles-and-role-at-the-end-of-life-care-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Aurelija Blaževičienė, Jamesetta A Newland, Vilija Čivinskienė, Renea L Beckstrand
BACKGROUND: Major obstacles exist in the care of patients at the end of life: lack of time, poor or inadequate communication, and lack of knowledge in providing care. Three possible nursing roles in care decision-making were investigated: Information Broker, Supporter, and Advocate. The purpose of this study was to examine obstacles faced by oncology nurses in providing end-of-life (EOL) care and to examine roles of nurses in providing care. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional, correlational design was applied...
December 19, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247307/attitudes-towards-end-of-life-issues-in-intensive-care-unit-among-italian-anesthesiologists-a-nation-wide-survey
#18
Andrea Cortegiani, Vincenzo Russotto, Santi Maurizio Raineri, Cesare Gregoretti, Antonino Giarratano, Sebastiano Mercadante
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to collect data on the practice of palliative care, withholding and withdrawal of life-sustaining therapies, and management of end of life (EOL) in Italian intensive care units (ICUs). METHODS: Web-based survey among Italian anesthesiologists endorsed by the Italian Society of Anesthesiology Analgesia Reanimation and Intensive Care (SIAARTI). The survey consists of 27 close-ended and 2 open-ended questions. RESULTS: Eight hundred and five persons responded to the full list of questions...
December 15, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244119/is-social-work-prepared-for-diversity-in-hospice-and-palliative-care
#19
Christine M Rine
The purpose of this article is to assess current and future trends in hospice and palliative care with the objective of informing culturally appropriate best practice for social work. Concern for the intersectionality of racial, ethnic, social, and other differences in end-of-life (EOL) care is imperative given the ever growing range of diversity characteristics among the increasing aging populations in the United States. A review of literature from the current decade that is pertinent to the profession contributes to the ability of social work to consider evidence and build agreement germane to EOL practice settings...
December 13, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243535/ease-of-learning-judgments-are-based-on-both-processing-fluency-and-beliefs
#20
Andreas Jemstedt, Bennett L Schwartz, Fredrik U Jönsson
Processing fluency influences many types of judgments. Some metacognitive research suggests that the influence of processing fluency may be mediated by participants' beliefs. The current study explores the influence of processing fluency and beliefs on ease-of-learning (EOL) judgments. In two experiments (Exp 1: n = 94; Exp 2: n = 146), participants made EOL judgments on 24 six-letter concrete nouns, presented in either a constant condition (high fluency) with upper-case letters (e.g., BUCKET) or an alternating condition (low fluency) with mixed upper- and lower-case letters (e...
December 15, 2017: Memory
keyword
keyword
28058
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"