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Andrew C Patterson, Gerry Veenstra
OBJECTIVES: Intersectionality theory proposes that each combination of social categories derived from gender, race and nationality, such as immigrant White man or native-born Black woman, is associated with unique social experiences. We tested the potential of intersectionality theory for explicating racial inequalities in Canada by investigating whether Black-White health inequalities are conditioned by gender and immigrant status in a synergistic way. METHODS: Our dataset comprised 10 cycles (2001-2013) of the Canadian Community Health Survey...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Elizabeth Lightfoot, Jennifer Blevins, Terry Lum, Amano Dube
This community-based participatory research study sought to identify the cultural health assets of the Somali and Oromo communities in one Minnesota neighborhood that could be mobilized to develop culturally appropriate health interventions. Community asset mappers conducted 76 interviews with Somali and Oromo refugees in in Minnesota regarding the cultural assets of their community. A community-university data analysis team coded data for major themes. Key cultural health assets of the Somali and Oromo refugee communities revealed in this study include religion and religious beliefs, religious and cultural practices, a strong culture of sharing, interconnectedness, the prominence of oral traditions, traditional healthy eating and healthy lifestyles, traditional foods and medicine, and a strong cultural value placed on health...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Miguel Ceballos, Gail Wallace, Glenda Goodwin
BACKGROUND: The presence of postpartum depression can lead to poor maternal-child attachment, failure to thrive, and even infant death. Postpartum depression affects 13-19 % of parturients. However, among racial and ethnic minority parturients, postpartum depression rates have been shown to reach up to 35-67 % (as reported by O'Hara and McCabe, Annu Rev Clin Psychol 9:379-407, 2013; Boury et al., Women Health. 39(3):19-34, 2004; Ramos-Marcuse et al.. J Affect Disord. 122(1-2):68-75, 2010; Lucero et al...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Amanda Whittal, Katja Hanke, Sonia Lippke
BACKGROUND: Increased immigration requires successful interaction of different cultures in various life domains, such as health. This study investigates acculturation orientation (AO) of immigrant patients and doctors native to the country, as a potential factor related to perceived medical advice adherence. DATA AND METHODS: N = 171 immigrant patients (M = 54.38 years, SD = 17.94, range = 23-96, 74.3 % female) and their N = 12 doctors (M = 38.88 years, SD = 13...
October 19, 2016: Quality of Life Research
Kesaban S Roychoudhuri, Seema G Prasad, Ramesh K Mishra
We examined if iconic pictures belonging to one's native culture interfere with second language production in bilinguals in an object naming task. Bengali-English bilinguals named pictures in both L1 and L2 against iconic cultural images representing Bengali culture or neutral images. Participants named in both "Blocked" and "Mixed" language conditions. In both conditions, participants were significantly slower in naming in English when the background was an iconic Bengali culture picture than a neutral image...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Anita Strezova, Sheila O'Neill, Cathy O'Callaghan, Astrid Perry, Jinzhu Liu, John Eden
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the attitudes to, and experience of, menopause among Macedonian women living in Australia, including attitudes and responses to hormone therapy (HT) and complementary therapies, as well as related psycho-sexual, relationship and other midlife issues. METHODS: Using qualitative methodology, the study was based on seven unstructured, nondirective group discussions. Natural social groups were recruited, meeting wherever each group felt most at home...
October 10, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Amir A Afkhami
The world is currently in the midst of the largest refugee crisis since World War II, with the highest interval of mass displacement in recorded history according to the United Nations. The United States has pledged to maintain its position as one of the world's top resettlement countries in response to this crisis. These new immigrants will arrive with exceptional chronic and acute medical needs, including higher rates of behavioral health disorders. The author describes the health care challenges experienced by refugees seeking asylum in the United States and outlines the ways in which our health care system is currently deficient in helping refugee patients to overcome these challenges...
October 18, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Alba Catalá-Miñana, Marisol Lila, Amparo Oliver, Juana-María Vivo, Laura Galiana, Enrique Gracia
BACKGROUND: The association between alcohol consumption and intimate partner violence (IPV) has been reiterated in numerous studies. Some authors have found higher levels of risk factors in intimate partner violence offenders (IPVOs) with alcohol problems than in IPVOs without such problems. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship of contextual variables with harmful alcohol use in a sample of IPVOs. METHOD: This cross-sectional research analyzes data from 231 IPVOs...
October 19, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Alsacia L Sepulveda-Pacsi, Grenny Hiraldo, Keville Frederickson
BACKGROUND: Two thirds of respondents of a recent survey, primarily self-identified urban immigrant Dominican females, indicated that cancer was the health problem they worried about the most. PURPOSE: The purpose of this qualitative study was to gain a greater understanding of the cancer worry experienced by Dominican women. DESIGN: Giorgi's descriptive existential phenomenological framework and methodology guided the study. SETTING: Washington Heights/Inwood community, New York City, New York...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
Laura Wells, Magnus Nermo, Viveca Östberg
As physical inactivity may track from adolescence to adulthood, it is important to identify social determinants of physical inactivity in early life. However, most studies have measured socioeconomic position as one dimension. We examine whether multiple dimensions of socioeconomic position, in addition to other dimensions of inequality (i.e., gender, immigrant background), associate with physical inactivity at two time points in youth. Longitudinal data were drawn from the Swedish Level of Living Survey (N = 765) and analysed by gender-stratified logistic regression...
October 5, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Yuan Zhou, Xiaoping Xu, Beibei Yu, Guang Yu
The intestinal epithelium is a single-cell layer that provides an important barrier against natural toxins. Microcystin-LR (MC-LR), a cyclic heptapeptide, is one of the best known toxins able to alter the functions of intestine. This study evaluated the toxic effects and the possible mechanisms of MC-LR on barrier function of the intestinal epithelial cells. Intestinal epithelial cells (IEC-6) were exposed to 0, 6.25, 12.5, 25 and 50 μM MC-LR. Cell viability significantly decreased, while the ratio of apoptotic cells increased after exposure to 12...
October 19, 2016: Environmental Toxicology
Boram Lee, Louise J Keown, Gavin T L Brown
This study examined parenting styles and culturally-specific parenting practices of Korean immigrant mothers (N = 128) and fathers (N = 79) of children (ages 6-10) in New Zealand and the parenting predictors of child behaviour. Participants completed questionnaires on parenting styles and practices, and parental perceptions of child behaviour. Both parents indicated a high degree of devotion (Mo jeong) and involvement in care and education of their child with fathers were more likely than mothers to utilise shaming/love withdrawal and modesty encouragement...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Ryan Essex
Australian immigration detention has received persistent criticism since its introduction almost 25 years ago. With the recent introduction of offshore processing, these criticisms have intensified. Riots, violence, self-harm, abuse and devastating mental health outcomes are all now well documented, along with a number of deaths. Clinicians have played a central role working in these environments, faced with the overarching issue of delivering healthcare while facilitating an abusive and harmful system. Since the re-introduction of offshore processing a number of authors have begun to discuss the possibility of a boycott...
October 18, 2016: Monash Bioethics Review
Natalia Suárez, Bibiana Regueiro, Joyce L Epstein, Isabel Piñeiro, Sara M Díaz, Antonio Valle
Homework is a debated issue in society and its relationship with academic achievement has been deeply studied in the last years. Nowadays, schools are multicultural stages in which students from different cultures and ethnicities work together. In this sense, the present study aims to compare homework involvement and academic achievement in a sample of native and immigrant students, as well as to study immigrant students' relationship between homework involvement and Math achievement. The sample included 1328 students, 10-16 years old from Spanish families (85...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Maya Fennig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
Krishnendu Ray
The sociology of food consumption has emerged as a robust field with rich empirical material and engaged theorization about taste, omnivorousness, distinction, and practice theory. Nevertheless there are continuing empirical and conceptual lacunae. For instance, although transnational and rural-to-urban migrants play a crucial role in food businesses in many global cities, they are mostly unaccounted for in the sociology of taste. Taking the American case, in particular based on data from New York City, this article provides reasons for that gap and shows what might be gained if migrants were accounted for in the urban sociology of taste...
October 15, 2016: Appetite
Candice Taylor Lucas, Mary Jo Messito, Rachel S Gross, Suzy Tomopoulos, Arthur H Fierman, Carolyn Brockmeyer Cates, Samantha Berkule Johnson, Benard Dreyer, Alan L Mendelsohn
OBJECTIVE: Determine maternal and infant characteristics associated with adding cereal into the bottle. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Study participants were immigrant, low-income, urban mother-infant dyads (n = 216; 91% Hispanic, 19% US-born) enrolled in a randomized controlled trial entitled the Bellevue Project for Early Language, Literacy and Education Success. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Maternal characteristics (age, marital status, ethnicity, primary language, country of origin, education, work status, income, depressive symptoms, and concern about infant's future weight) and infant characteristics (gender, first born, and difficult temperament)...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
O Razum, J Wenner, K Bozorgmehr
Health and access to health care are considered a human right. "Regular" immigrants such as work migrants in Germany have the same entitlement to health care coverage through the statutory health insurance as the majority population. This, however, is not the case for refugees and asylum seekers. According to paragraphs 4 and 6 of the Asylum Seekers' Benefit Act, their entitlement is restricted to care for acute pain, pregnancy and childbirth, as well as immunizations in the first 15 months. Additional care can be financed on a case-by-case basis...
October 18, 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
Nina Repina, Tatiana Brodskaya, Vera Nevzorova, Margarita Моkshinа, Evgeniy Аbramov
OBJECTIVE: In conditions of existing immigration flows, the special relevance has researches concerning cardiovascular risk stratification among of different ethnic origin patients living outside the traditional habitats. DESIGN AND METHOD: 180 residents of Sakhalin region with arterial hypertension (AG) I-III degree, I-II stage, 88 Korean ethnicity patients, migrants of 2-3-rd generation, 92 Slavic ethnicity patients (58,2 ± 0,93 years old) were examined. The common risk factors and left ventricle (LV) structural-functional characteristics (Echocardiograph Aсuson X-300 HP, USA) were analyzed...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Begoña Santiago-García, Daniel Blázquez-Gamero, Fernando Baquero-Artigao, Jesús Ruíz-Contreras, Jose M Bellón, Maria A Muñoz-Fernández, María J Mellado-Peña
BACKGROUND: Children are at higher risk of tuberculosis (TB) dissemination and extrapulmonary disease, contributing greatly to TB-associated morbidity and long-term sequelae. However, there are very few studies that assess the impact and clinical spectrum of pediatric extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) in low-prevalence regions. METHODS: Children <18 years of age diagnosed with TB in Madrid region (2005-2013) were reviewed. We compared the epidemiology, clinical characteristics and the performance of diagnostic tests in childhood extrapulmonary and pulmonary disease...
November 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
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