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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211318/health-literacy-in-the-german-population
#1
Doris Schaeffer, Eva-Maria Berens, Dominique Vogt
BACKGROUND: Persons with low health literacy have difficulty dealing with the health care system and understanding health-related information. Studies from multiple countries have shown that low health literacy negatively affects health, health-related and illness-related behavior, and the utilization of health care resources. The data available till now on health literacy in Germany have been sparse. The goal of this study is to acquire representative data on the health literacy of the German population...
January 27, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211056/targeted-mass-media-interventions-promoting-healthy-behaviours-to-reduce-risk-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-adult-ethnic-minorities
#2
REVIEW
Annhild Mosdøl, Ingeborg B Lidal, Gyri H Straumann, Gunn E Vist
BACKGROUND: Physical activity, a balanced diet, avoidance of tobacco exposure, and limited alcohol consumption may reduce morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Mass media interventions are commonly used to encourage healthier behaviours in population groups. It is unclear whether targeted mass media interventions for ethnic minority groups are more or less effective in changing behaviours than those developed for the general population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of mass media interventions targeting adult ethnic minorities with messages about physical activity, dietary patterns, tobacco use or alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of NCDs...
February 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210508/scoping-review-on-maternal-health-among-immigrant-and-refugee-women-in-canada-prenatal-intrapartum-and-postnatal-care
#3
REVIEW
N Khanlou, N Haque, A Skinner, A Mantini, C Kurtz Landy
The last fifteen years have seen a dramatic increase in both the childbearing age and diversity of women migrating to Canada. The resulting health impact underscores the need to explore access to health services and the related maternal health outcome. This article reports on the results of a scoping review focused on migrant maternal health within the context of accessible and effective health services during pregnancy and following delivery. One hundred and twenty-six articles published between 2000 and 2016 that met our inclusion criteria and related to this group of migrant women, with pregnancy/motherhood status, who were living in Canada, were identified...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210370/immigrants-the-emergency-physician-and-the-election-day
#4
EDITORIAL
Bradley D Shy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209706/provider-and-patient-related-determinants-of-diabetes-self-management-among-recent-immigrants-implications-for-systemic-change
#5
Ilene Hyman, Yogendra Shakya, Nathaniel Jembere, Enza Gucciardi, Bilkis Vissandjée
OBJECTIVE: To examine provider- and patient-related factors associated with diabetes self-management among recent immigrants. DESIGN: Demographic and experiential data were collected using an international survey instrument and adapted to the Canadian context. The final questionnaire was pretested and translated into 4 languages: Mandarin, Tamil, Bengali, and Urdu. SETTING: Toronto, Ont. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 130 recent immigrants with a self-reported diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus who had resided in Canada for 10 years or less...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208066/children-s-evaluations-of-interethnic-exclusion-the-effects-of-ethnic-boundaries-respondent-ethnicity-and-majority-in-group-bias
#6
Jochem Thijs
Two vignette studies were conducted in which preadolescent children (Study 1: N=542; Study 2: N=137; aged 8-13years) evaluated the exclusion, for unknown reasons, of an immigrant minority child by a native majority peer (majority interethnic exclusion). Study 1 compared children's evaluations of majority interethnic exclusion with their evaluations of (majority and minority) intraethnic exclusion and minority interethnic exclusion, and Study 2 examined children's underlying explanations. Each study compared ethnic majority and ethnic minority respondents and examined the role of in-group bias for the former...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207680/cultural-contributors-to-smoking-susceptibility-outcomes-among-latino-youth-the-padres-informados-jovenes-preparados-participatory-trial
#7
Michele L Allen, G Ali Hurtado, Diego Garcia-Huidobro, Cynthia Davey, Jean Forster, Ursula Reynoso, Silvia Alvarez de Davila, Roxana Linares, Nancy Gonzales, María Veronica Svetaz
Padres Informados/Jovenes Preparados is a community-based participatory, family-focused tobacco prevention intervention for immigrant Latino families of adolescents. We conducted a participatory randomized controlled trial including 352 Latino families. Parents and youth in the intervention condition engaged in eight family skill building sessions. Participants completed baseline and 6-month postintervention surveys assessing smoking susceptibility and contextual factors. While the intervention did not affect smoking susceptibility overall, it resulted in lower smoking susceptibility among youth in families with less adherence to traditional Latino cultural values...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207676/segmented-assimilation-an-approach-to-studying-acculturation-and-obesity-among-latino-adults-in-the-united-states
#8
Karen R Flórez, Ana Abraído-Lanza
Segmented assimilation theory posits that immigrants experience distinct paths of assimilation. Using cluster analysis and data from the National Latino and Asian American Survey, this study sought to apply this theory in relation to obesity among Latinos. Four clusters emerged: a "second-generation classic," a "third-generation classic," an "underclass," and a "segmented assimilation" pattern. In analyses controlling for sociodemographic confounders (eg, age), second-generation classic individuals had higher odds of obesity (odds ratio = 2...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207673/demographic-characteristics-associated-with-barriers-to-health-care-among-mexican-and-guatemalan-immigrants-in-a-nontraditional-destination-area
#9
Jenny Zhen-Duan, Farrah Jacquez, Lisa Vaughn
The purpose of this study was to examine demographic factors associated with health care barriers among Mexican (n = 258) and Guatemalan (n = 143) immigrants in Cincinnati, a nontraditional destination (new migration area). Three primary results emerged: length of US residence was not associated with fewer health care barriers, Mexican women and younger Guatemalans endorsed fewer skills-related barriers, and childless Guatemalans reported more barriers to care the longer they reside in the United States, when compared with Guatemalans with children...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206778/personal-and-cultural-identity-development-in-recently-immigrated-hispanic-adolescents-links-with-psychosocial-functioning
#10
Alan Meca, Raha F Sabet, Colleen M Farrelly, Cynthia G Benitez, Seth J Schwartz, Melinda Gonzales-Backen, Elma I Lorenzo-Blanco, Jennifer B Unger, Byron L Zamboanga, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Simona Picariello, Sabrina E Des Rosiers, Daniel W Soto, Monica Pattarroyo, Juan A Villamar, Karina M Lizzi
OBJECTIVES: This study examined directionality between personal (i.e., coherence and confusion) and cultural identity (i.e., ethnic and U.S.) as well as their additive effects on psychosocial functioning in a sample of recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents. METHOD: The sample consisted of 302 recent (<5 years) immigrant Hispanic adolescents (53% boys; Mage = 14.51 years at baseline; SD = .88 years) from Miami and Los Angeles who participated in a longitudinal study...
February 16, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204938/total-nasal-reconstruction-for-extruded-pending-extrusion-and-severely-displaced-silicone-nasal-implants-in-asian-patients
#11
Darryl J Hodgkinson
The Australian population is 10% of Asian origin, and many of our Asian patients have had nasal augmentation using prosthetic material prior to immigration or as medical tourists back in their country of origin. Insertion of nasal prostheses is the most common way to augment the nasal dorsum in the Asian patient and although there is a trend towards autogenous primary augmentation still, the vast majority of patients seen in clinical practice have had augmentation by the insertion of foreign material generally silicone...
February 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202792/towards-a-new-strategy-for-the-diagnosis-of-congenital-trypanosoma-cruzi-infection
#12
Alba Abras, Carmen Muñoz, Cristina Ballart, Pere Berenguer, Teresa Llovet, Mercedes Herrero, Silvia Tebar, María-Jesús Pinazo, Elizabeth Posada, Carmen Martí, Victoria Fumadó, Jordi Bosch, Oriol Coll, Teresa Juncosa, Gemma Ginovart, Josep Armengol, Joaquim Gascón, Montserrat Portús, Montserrat Gállego
The immigration of Latin American women of childbearing age has spread the congenital transmission of Chagas disease to non-endemic areas, and the disease is now a worldwide problem. Some European health authorities have implemented screening programs to prevent vertical transmission, but the lack of a uniform protocol calls for the urgent establishment of a new strategy, common for all laboratories. Our aims were (i) to analyze the trend of passive IgG antibodies in the newborn by means of five serological tests for the diagnosis and follow-up of congenital Trypanosoma cruzi infection, (ii) to assess the utility of these techniques for diagnosing a congenital transmission, and (iii) to propose a strategy for a prompt, efficient and cost-effective diagnosis of T...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202150/age-at-migration-family-instability-and-timing-of-sexual-onset
#13
Rachel E Goldberg, Marta Tienda, Alícia Adserà
This study builds on and extends previous research on nativity variations in adolescent health and risk behavior by addressing three questions: (1) whether and how generational status and age at migration are associated with timing of sexual onset among U.S. adolescents; (2) whether and how family instability mediates associations between nativity and sexual debut; and (3) whether and how these associations vary by gender. We find that first- and second-generation immigrant youth initiate sexual activity later than native youth...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202149/self-employment-of-immigrant-women-in-the-united-states-the-role-of-country-of-origin-and-family-related-policies
#14
Galit Aharon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202148/level-of-economic-development-of-the-country-of-origin-and-work-to-family-conflict-after-migration-to-canada
#15
Shirin Montazer, Marisa Young
Using a sample of employed adults living in Canada, this article examines patterns and antecedents of work-to-family conflict (WFC) among immigrants, relative to the native-born. We test whether the origin-country- or intermediary country of residence- country-level economic development, and length of residence in Canada interact to affect WFC differentially for immigrants. We hypothesize that origin-country economic development impacts the value and transferability of immigrants' capital in the host country...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199461/impact-of-us-immigration-ban-on-oncologists-and-patients-oncology-knows-no-borders
#16
Nima Nabavizadeh, Charles R Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199330/comparison-of-bacterial-communities-from-lava-cave-microbial-mats-to-overlying-surface-soils-from-lava-beds-national-monument-usa
#17
Kathleen H Lavoie, Ara S Winter, Kaitlyn J H Read, Evan M Hughes, Michael N Spilde, Diana E Northup
Subsurface habitats harbor novel diversity that has received little attention until recently. Accessible subsurface habitats include lava caves around the world that often support extensive microbial mats on ceilings and walls in a range of colors. Little is known about lava cave microbial diversity and how these subsurface mats differ from microbial communities in overlying surface soils. To investigate these differences, we analyzed bacterial 16S rDNA from 454 pyrosequencing from three colors of microbial mats (tan, white, and yellow) from seven lava caves in Lava Beds National Monument, CA, USA, and compared them with surface soil overlying each cave...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198954/intimate-partner-violence-among-speaking-immigrant-adult-portuguese-women-in-canada
#18
Rafaella Queiroga Souto, Sepali Guruge, Miriam Aparecida Barbosa Merighi, Maria Cristina Pinto de Jesus, Shaindel Egit, Linda Knowles
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to understand the experiences of intimate partner violence among women from Portuguese-speaking countries living in the Greater Toronto Area. METHOD: A social phenomenological study was conducted with ten Portuguese-speaking women who had experienced intimate partner violence who were selected by community centre leaders. The interviews were transcribed, translated and analysed by categories. RESULTS: The consequences of violence included health problems, effects on children, and negative feelings among the victims...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198936/-eugenics-and-immigration-selection-notes-on-the-debate-between-alfredo-ellis-junior-oliveira-vianna-and-menotti-del-picchia-1926
#19
Lorenna Ribeiro Zem El-Dine
This text analyzes the bill submitted by Alfredo Ellis Junior to the São Paulo legislature in August 1926, which would allow studies to be made of immigrants in São Paulo in order to orient immigration selection policies. It highlights the opinions of Menotti Del Picchia and Oliveira Vianna about the research agenda put forward by Alfredo Ellis Junior, focusing on the different conceptions about the race issue and immigration held in the 1920s. We suggest that Menotti Del Picchia's divergence from Alfredo Ellis Junior and Oliveira Vianna could be interpreted as a dispute between literati and scientists over the legitimacy of their respective knowledge about the Brazilian reality and the proposal of policies for the country...
December 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196961/bacterial-topography-of-the-healthy-human-lower-respiratory-tract
#20
Robert P Dickson, John R Erb-Downward, Christine M Freeman, Lisa McCloskey, Nicole R Falkowski, Gary B Huffnagle, Jeffrey L Curtis
Although culture-independent techniques have refuted lung sterility in health, controversy about contamination during bronchoscope passage through the upper respiratory tract (URT) has impeded research progress. We sought to establish whether bronchoscopic sampling accurately reflects the lung microbiome in health and to distinguish between two proposed routes of authentic microbial immigration, (i) dispersion along contiguous respiratory mucosa and (ii) subclinical microaspiration. During bronchoscopy of eight adult volunteers without lung disease, we performed seven protected specimen brushings (PSB) and bilateral bronchoalveolar lavages (BALs) per subject...
February 14, 2017: MBio
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