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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636646/variation-in-hunting-behaviour-in-neighbouring-chimpanzee-communities-in-the-budongo-forest-uganda
#1
Catherine Hobaiter, Liran Samuni, Caroline Mullins, Walter John Akankwasa, Klaus Zuberbühler
Hunting and sharing of meat is seen across all chimpanzee sites, with variation in prey preferences, hunting techniques, frequencies, and success rates. Here, we compared hunting and meat-eating behaviour in two adjacent chimpanzee communities (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) of Budongo Forest, Uganda: the Waibira and Sonso communities. We observed consistent between-group differences in prey-species preferences and in post-hunting behaviour. Sonso chimpanzees show a strong prey preference for Guereza colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza occidentalis; 74...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636445/developing-a-casper-survey-to-assess-the-prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-neglected-tropical-diseases-in-texas
#2
Seth Smitherman, Tracy Hammond, Daniel Goldberg, Jennifer Horney
While more than a billion people live at risk of neglected tropical diseases in areas of Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, and Latin America, the degree to which such diseases burden countries like the United States is currently unclear. Even though many neglected tropical diseases such as dengue, leishmaniasis, and Chagas disease are not endemic to the United States, the possibility of their emergence is noteworthy, especially in states like Texas, which has high levels of poverty, a large immigrant population, and a climate amenable to the vectors for these diseases and is geographically proximate to endemic areas...
May 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633697/capacity-strengthening-through-pre-migration-tuberculosis-screening-programmes-irhwg-experiences
#3
P Douglas, D L Posey, D Zenner, J Robson, I Abubakar, G Giovinazzo
Effective tuberculosis (TB) prevention and care for migrants requires population health-based approaches that treat the relationship between migration and health as a progressive, interactive process influenced by many variables and addressed as far upstream in the process as possible. By including capacity building in source countries, pre-migration medical screening has the potential to become an integral component of public health promotion, as well as infection and disease prevention, in migrant-receiving nations, while simultaneously increasing capabilities in countries of origin...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633673/the-influence-of-total-hysterectomy-in-a-cervical-cancer-screening-population-a-register-based-cross-sectional-study
#4
Mette Bach Larsen, Ellen M Mikkelsen, Ulla Jeppesen, Hans Svanholm, Berit Andersen
BACKGROUND: High coverage of a screening program is essential to program success. Many European screening programs cover only 10-80% of their target population. A possible explanation for the low coverage may be that some women in the screening population have had a total hysterectomy, thus they are not at risk of cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of hysterectomy in the target population of the Danish National Cervical Cancer Screening Program (NCCSP) and to recalculate coverage after excluding women with total hysterectomy...
June 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632335/to-brexit-or-not-to-brexit-the-roles-of-islamophobia-conspiracist-beliefs-and-integrated-threat-in-voting-intentions-for-the-united-kingdom-european-union-membership-referendum
#5
Viren Swami, David Barron, Laura Weis, Adrian Furnham
We used an identities approach to examine voting intentions in the June 2016 UK referendum on membership of the European Union (EU). In April 2016, 303 British adults (58.7% women, age M = 34.73) indicated their voting intentions for the referendum and completed measures of identification with the national in-group, perceived threat from Muslim immigrants, belief in Islamophobic conspiracy narratives, Islamophobia, general conspiracist beliefs, ambiguity tolerance, and belief in a clash of civilizations. Path and mediation analyses indicated that greater belief in Islamophobic conspiracy theories mediated the link between Islamophobia and intention to vote to leave...
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629295/reliability-and-validity-of-somali-version-of-the-phq-9-in-primary-care-practice
#6
Vasumathi Nallusamy, Mohamud Afgarshe, Heather Shlosser
Objectives Depression is one of the common mental health problems noticed in immigrants because of the experiences related to their resettlement which is the case for Somali population. Depression increases mortality, morbidity, disability, and costs of health care which can be controlled by screening depression in the primary care setting using a culturally and linguistically congruent screening tool. The aim of the current study is to translate the English PHQ-9 into Somali language using evidence-based translational methodology and establish psychometric properties of the Somali PHQ-9...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629275/applying-learning-theory-to-safety-and-health-training-for-hispanic-immigrant-dairy-workers
#7
Patricia M Juárez-Carrillo, Amy K Liebman, Iris Anne C Reyes, Yurany V Ninco Sánchez, Matthew C Keifer
We designed a safety and health curriculum for dairy immigrant workers aiming to increase knowledge, encourage safe behavior, and reduce worker communication inequalities to prevent occupational injury and diseases. The design is largely based on the Taxonomy of Significant Learning and incorporated behavioral and adult learning theories and principles of occupational hazard control. Trainings were implemented with 836 Spanish-speaking workers from 67 farms in Wisconsin. Sixty-seven percent of workers reported never being trained before in dairy safety, 65% of these worked in dairy for 5 or fewers years, and 26% of workers reported being ever injured while working on dairy...
July 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627321/diabetes-knowledge-management-and-prevention-among-haitian-immigrants-in-philadelphia
#8
Rhoda K Moise, Donaldson F Conserve, Bilikisu Elewonibi, Lori A Francis, Rhonda BeLue
Purpose Guided by the PEN-3 Cultural Model, the purpose of this study is to generate culturally framed insight into diabetes knowledge, management, and prevention among Haitians. Despite the disproportionate distribution of type II diabetes mellitus among US minorities, limited research explores outcomes within racial ethnic groups. It is particularly important to disaggregate the large racial-ethnic groups of black given the population growth among foreign-born blacks, such as Haitians, whose population has more than quadrupled in recent decades...
June 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626909/adaptation-during-a-great-economic-recession-a-cohort-study-of-greek-and-immigrant-youth
#9
Frosso Motti-Stefanidi, Jens B Asendorpf
This study examined how Greek and immigrant youth adapted to school life during the economic recession in Greece. Two cohorts of adolescents (Mage  = 12.6 years) were compared, one assessed before the crisis and the other during the crisis (N = 1,057 and 1,052, respectively). Cohort findings were disaggregated by immigrant status, generation, and ethnic group. Crisis-cohort youth experienced more economic problems, displayed worse conduct, higher levels of absenteeism, and lower self-efficacy than precrisis youth...
June 19, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626298/stress-and-coping-latino-youth-coming-of-age-in-a-new-latino-destination
#10
Maria Brietzke, Krista Perreira
Previous research has linked stress to adverse mental health outcomes among Latino adolescents living in the United States. The mechanism through which this process operates continues to be explored, especially in regions of the country where Latin American immigrants and their children have only recently begun to migrate. Our study aimed to contextualize the processes of stress and coping among Latino adolescents growing up in an emerging Latino destination in the US-North Carolina (NC). All adolescents in our study were either the first or second generation children of immigrants from Latin American countries including Colombia, El Salvador, Honduras, and Mexico...
July 2017: Journal of Adolescent Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626067/the-impact-of-a-population-based-screening-program-on-income-and-immigration-related-disparities-in-colorectal-cancer-screening
#11
Tara Kiran, Richard H Glazier, Rahim Moineddin, Sumei Gu, Andrew S Wilton, Lawrence Paszat
A population-based program promoting the Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) for colorectal cancer screening was introduced in 2008 in Ontario, Canada, where opportunistic screening with colonoscopy had been increasing in frequency. We evaluated the impact of the program on income and immigration-related disparities in screening. We used linked administrative data to calculate colorectal cancer screening rates for eligible Ontarians in each year between 2001/02 (n=2,852,619) and 2013/14 (n=4,139,304). We quantified disparities using an "inequality ratio" of screening rates in the most disadvantaged group relative to the most advantaged group...
June 16, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625474/identifying-circumstances-under-which-high-insecticide-dose-increases-or-decreases-resistance-selection
#12
J C Helps, N D Paveley, F van den Bosch
Insect management strategies for agricultural crop pests must reduce selection for insecticide resistant mutants while providing effective control of the insect pest. One management strategy that has long been advocated is the application of insecticides at the maximum permitted dose. This has been found, under some circumstances, to be able to prevent the resistance allele frequency from increasing. However this approach may, under different circumstances, lead to rapid selection for resistance to the insecticide...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625284/gender-of-provider-barrier-to-immigrant-women-s-obstetrical-care-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Christa Aubrey, Radha Chari, B F Peter Mitchell, Zubia Mumtaz
OBJECTIVE: To explore the preference for female obstetrician/gynaecologists among immigrant women, and providers' understandings of these preferences, to identify challenges and potential solutions. METHODS: Five databases (Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Global Health, and Scopus) were searched using combinations of search terms related to immigrant, refugee, or Muslim women and obstetrics or gynaecological provider gender preference. STUDY SELECTION: Peer reviewed, English-language articles were included if they discussed either patient or provider perspectives of women's preference for female obstetrics or gynaecological care provider among immigrant women in Western and non-western settings...
July 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625116/the-effects-of-immigration-and-media-influence-on-body-image-among-pakistani-men
#14
Sheeba Saghir, Lynda Hyland
This study examined the role of media influence and immigration on body image among Pakistani men. Attitudes toward the body were compared between those living in Pakistan ( n = 56) and those who had immigrated to the United Arab Emirates ( n = 58). Results of a factorial analysis of variance demonstrated a significant main effect of immigrant status. Pakistani men living in the United Arab Emirates displayed poorer body image than those in the Pakistan sample. Results also indicated a second main effect of media influence...
July 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625104/modelling-the-effect-of-immigration-on-drinking-behaviour
#15
Hong Xiang, Cheng-Cheng Zhu, Hai-Feng Huo
A drinking model with immigration is constructed. For the model with problem drinking immigration, the model admits only one problem drinking equilibrium. For the model without problem drinking immigration, the model has two equilibria, one is problem drinking-free equilibrium and the other is problem drinking equilibrium. By employing the method of Lyapunov function, stability of all kinds of equilibria is obtained. Numerical simulations are also provided to illustrate our analytical results. Our results show that alcohol immigrants increase the difficulty of the temperance work of the region...
December 2017: Journal of Biological Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625087/the-ex-pat-effect-presence-of-recent-western-immigrants-is-associated-with-changes-in-age-at-first-birth-and-birth-rate-in-a-maya-population-from-rural-guatemala
#16
Luseadra McKerracher, Mark Collard, Rachel Altman, Michael Richards, Pablo Nepomnaschy
BACKGROUND: Economic transitions expose indigenous populations to a variety of ecological and cultural challenges, especially regarding diet and stress. These kinds of challenges are predicted by evolutionary ecological theory to have fitness consequences (differential reproduction) and, indeed, are often associated with changes in fertility dynamics. It is currently unclear whether international immigration might impact the nature of such an economic transition or its consequences for fertility...
June 18, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624037/trauma-care-in-a-multiethnic-population-effects-of-being-undocumented
#17
Jonathan M Wyrick, Brittany A Kalosza, George N Coritsidis, Raymond Tse, George Agriantonis
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have shown that undocumented immigrants (UIs) display characteristics of having a low socioeconomic status and are primarily of ethnic minorities. These social determinants of health are known to be associated with diminished health care access and poor clinical outcomes. We therefore investigated the impact of documentation status on the clinical outcomes of patients with traumatic injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of the trauma registry at our safety net institution for all adult patients who were admitted from 2010 to 2014...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622109/farmworker-and-non-farmworker-latino-immigrant-men-in-north-carolina-have-high-levels-of-specific-pesticide-urinary-metabolites
#18
Thomas A Arcury, Haiying Chen, Paul J Laurienti, Timothy D Howard, Dana Boyd Barr, Dana C Mora, Sara A Quandt
This paper compares detections and concentrations of specific organophosphate, bis-dithiocarbamate, and pyrethroid insecticide urinary metabolites among Latino male farmworkers and non-farmworkers in North Carolina. Data are from interviews and urine samples collected in 2012 and 2013. Farmworkers and non-farmworkers frequently had detections for OP and pyrethroid pesticide urinary metabolites. Detections of bis-dithiocarbamate urinary metabolites were less frequent, but substantial among the non-farmworkers...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620950/the-risk-typology-of-healthcare-access-and-its-association-with-unmet-healthcare-needs-in-asian-americans
#19
Yuri Jang, Nan Sook Park, Hyunwoo Yoon, Ya-Ching Huang, Min-Kyoung Rhee, David A Chiriboga, Miyong T Kim
Using data from the 2015 Asian American Quality of Life Survey (N = 2,609), latent profile analysis was conducted on general (health insurance, usual place for care and income) and immigrant-specific (nativity, length of stay in the U.S., English proficiency and acculturation) risk factors of healthcare access. Latent profile analysis identified a three-cluster model (low-risk, moderate-risk and high-risk groups). Compared with the low-risk group, the odds of having an unmet healthcare need was 1.52 times greater in the moderate-risk group and 2...
June 15, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619877/government-management-of-accompanied-minors-held-in-the-custody-of-immigration-authorities
#20
James A Armontrout, John R Chamberlain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
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