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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926964/poverty-dynamics-and-academic-trajectories-of-children-of-immigrants
#1
Liwei Zhang, Wen-Jui Han
Using Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K), we investigated the relationship between poverty and academic trajectories for children in immigrant families in the United States. We used family socioeconomic status (SES) which considers parental education, parental occupation, and family income to define poverty in correspondence with the U.S. federal poverty threshold. Three dimensions of poverty were examined including depth (i.e., not-poor, near-poor, poor or extreme poor), stability (i...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926778/korean-immigrants-don-t-buy-health-insurance-the-influences-of-culture-on-self-employed-korean-immigrants-focusing-on-structure-and-functions-of-social-networks
#2
Hyunsung Oh, Chung Hyeon Jeong
Culture has been pinpointed as a culprit of disparities in health insurance coverage between Korean immigrants and other ethnic groups. This study explored specific mechanisms by which culture influences a decision to buy health insurance among self-employed Korean immigrants living in ethnic enclaves by focusing on the structure and functions of social networks. Between March and June 2015, we recruited 24 Korean immigrant adults (aged 18 or older) who identified as self-employed and being uninsured for substantial periods before 2014 in Southern California...
September 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925288/twins-and-socioeconomic-factors-changes-in-the-last-20%C3%A2-years
#3
Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner, Konstantinos Voulgaris, Emmanouela Sdona, Christos Christou, Despina D Briana
Socioeconomic factors associated with twins/multiples have been sparsely studied. Analyzing data from the Hellenic Statistical Authority, regarding twin out of total births from 1996 to 2015, we showed that twinning rate in Greece has increased from 1996 and onwards, in parallel with advanced maternal age and decline in total births. Higher twin rates are associated with higher maternal education, better paid parental occupations, and thus wealthier families, married maternal status, while immigrants present a lower twinning rate than Greeks...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924425/blood-group-distribution-in-switzerland-a-historical-comparison
#4
Thomas Volken, Rebecca J Crawford, Soraya Amar, Edgar Mosimann, Anita Tschaggelar, Behrouz Mansouri Taleghani
BACKGROUND: Ethnicities differ in prevalence of blood groups and antigens. Substantial donor-recipient mismatch within mixed-ethnic societies may render certain recipients at higher risk for alloimmunization. Data regarding antigen distribution within Switzerland by ethnicity is limited. We examined immigration patterns against the distribution of ABO blood groups using large cross-sectional Swiss samples spanning 70 years. METHODS: Historical ABO blood group distribution data (1940-1945) from Swiss army personnel (n = 275,664) were sourced from the literature...
August 2017: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923461/blood-levels-of-toxic-metals-and-rare-earth-elements-commonly-found-in-e-waste-may-exert-subtle-effects-on-hemoglobin-concentration-in-sub-saharan-immigrants
#5
Luis Alberto Henríquez-Hernández, Luis D Boada, Cristina Carranza, José Luis Pérez-Arellano, Ana González-Antuña, María Camacho, Maira Almeida-González, Manuel Zumbado, Octavio P Luzardo
Pollution by heavy metals and more recently by rare earth elements (REE) and other minor elements (ME) has increased due in part to their high use in technological and electronic devices. This contamination can become very relevant in those sites where e-waste is improperly processed, as it is the case in many countries of the African continent. Exposure to some toxic elements has been associated to certain hematological disorders, specifically anemia. In this study, the concentrations of 48 elements (including REE and other ME) were determined by ICP-MS in whole blood samples of sub-Saharan immigrants with anemia (n=63) and without anemia (n=78)...
September 15, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922319/disparities-in-access-to-care-in-marginalized-populations
#6
Elizabeth A Silberholz, Nicola Brodie, Nancy D Spector, Amy E Pattishall
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article reviews recent literature related to three groups whose health is affected by barriers to the healthcare system: refugee and immigrant populations; youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, or questioning; and those with mental health problems. RECENT FINDINGS: Refugee and immigrant populations are increasing worldwide, and recent work has focused on improving their access to mental, dental, and preventive care...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922098/the-interactive-effect-of-familial-acculturative-stress-and-hopelessness-on-suicidal-ideation-varies-by-immigration-status-among-college-students
#7
Robert Lane, Regina Miranda
OBJECTIVES: Based on acculturative family distancing theory, we examined whether familial acculturative stress interacted with hopelessness to predict suicidal ideation differentially among emerging adult immigrant versus non-immigrant college students. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited 152 generationally and racially/ethnically diverse college students (42 immigrants) from 2012 to 2013. METHODS: Participants completed measures of hopelessness, depressive symptoms, ethnic identity, familial acculturative stress, and suicidal ideation...
September 18, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922011/south-asian-immigrant-women-s-suggestions-for-culturally-tailored-hiv-education-and-prevention-programs
#8
Roula N Hawa, Angela Underhill, Carmen H Logie, Shazia Islam, Mona Loutfy
Using a community-based, socialist feminist qualitative study, and an emergent research design, we explored the unique individual experiences of South Asian immigrant women living with HIV in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) of Ontario, Canada. We assessed both the HIV risk context and the strategies for HIV education and prevention as expressed by study participants. Grounded in Connell's social theory of gender, a thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews with 12 women yielded six themes related to the power and impact of stigmatization, community's denial of HIV, infidelity, manifested in resistance to discussing sex and condom use, non-disclosure, and lack of HIV knowledge...
September 18, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920072/associations-between-neighborhood-socioeconomic-environment-and-physical-activity-in-cuban-immigrants
#9
Olivia Affuso, Chelsea R Singleton, Scott C Brown, Tatiana Perrino, Shi Huang, José Szapocznik
Physical inactivity is a major public health concern because it is a determinant of obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases. Few longitudinal studies have examined the association between neighborhood socioeconomic (SES) environment and change in physical activity behaviors. Additionally, few studies have examined this association in immigrant groups or Hispanic subgroups such as Cubans. This research aimed to determine if neighborhood SES is associated with longitudinal change in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among Cuban immigrants who participate in the Cuban Health Study in Miami, Florida...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919666/the-selection-of-preschool-for-immigrant-and-native-born-latino-families-in-the-united-states
#10
Arya Ansari
With the national push to expand preschool education, there has been growing interest in understanding why Latino families are enrolled in preschool at lower rates than non-Latino families. This study applied the accommodations model by Meyers and Jordan (2006) to the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (n = 5,850) to provide a more nuanced understanding of the preschool selection of U.S.- and foreign-born Latino families. Results from this investigation underscored the similarities and differences that existed in the selection behaviors of different groups of families, while also highlighting important differences within the Latino population...
2017: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919382/overweight-and-obesity-in-new-caledonian-adults-results-from-measured-and-adjusted-self-reported-anthropometric-data
#11
Philippe Corsenac, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Damian Hoy, Adam Roth, Bernard Rouchon, Isabelle Capart, Richard Taylor
AIMS: To estimate the overweight (OW) and obesity (Ob) prevalence and associated socio-demographic risk factors in New Caledonian adults aged 18-67years. METHODS: From a randomly selected cross-sectional population survey, self-reported (n=2513) and measured (n=736) height and weight data were collected. Separate linear regression analyses for measured weight and height were performed, using cases with both self-reported weight and height and socio-demographic variables...
June 22, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917540/galba-truncatula-and-fasciola-hepatica-genetic-costructures-and-interactions-with-intermediate-host-dispersal
#12
Ana C Correa, Thierry De Meeûs, Gilles Dreyfuss, Daniel Rondelaud, Sylvie Hurtrez-Boussès
Antagonistic interactions between hosts and parasites are key structuring forces in natural populations. Demographic factors like extinction, migration and the effective population size shape host-parasite metapopulational dynamics. Therefore, to understand the evolution of host-parasite systems it is necessary to study the distribution of the genetic variation of both entities simultaneously. In this paper, we investigate the population genetics co-structure of parasites and hosts within a metapopulation of the liver fluke, Fasciola hepatica, and two of its intermediate hosts, the main intermediate host in Europe, Galba truncatula, and a new intermediate host, Omphiscola glabra, in Central France...
September 13, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916949/the-latina-birth-weight-paradox-the-role-of-subjective-social-status
#13
Jill Fleuriet, Thankam Sunil
The purpose of this project was to quantitatively test differences in subjective social status scores between non-pregnant and pregnant women to determine the role of subjective social status in birth weight variation between Mexico-born and US-born Mexican-American women. Six hundred low-income pregnant and non-pregnant Mexican immigrant and Mexican-American women in south Texas were surveyed for subjective social status, depression, perceived social stress, parity, and pregnancy intendedness. Psychosocial health variables, parity, and pregnancy intendedness were included due to their significant associations with low birth weight...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916289/breast-cancer-screening-utilization-among-women-from-muslim-majority-countries-in-ontario-canada
#14
Mandana Vahabi, Aisha Lofters, Eliane Kim, Josephine Pui-Hing Wong, Lisa Ellison, Erin Graves, Richard H Glazier
Breast cancer screening disparities continue to prevail with immigrant women being at the forefront of the under screened population. There is a paucity of knowledge about the role of religious affiliation or cultural orientation on immigrant women's cancer screening uptake. This study examined differences in uptake of breast cancer screening among women from Muslim and non- Muslim majority countries in Ontario, Canada. A cohort of 1,851,834 screening-eligible women living in Ontario during April 1, 2013 to March 31, 2015 was created using linked health and social administrative databases...
September 12, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916244/-how-do-immigrant-women-access-health-services-in-the-basque-country-perceptions-of-health-professionals
#15
Iratxe Pérez-Urdiales, Isabel Goicolea
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perception of health professionals working in alternative health centres on the barriers and facilitators in the access by immigrant women to general public health services and sexual and reproductive health in the Basque Country. LOCATION: Basque Country. DESIGN: Analysis of qualitative content based on 11 individual interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Health professionals working in alternative health centres of Primary Care and sexual and reproductive health...
September 12, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915301/the-work-of-us-public-health-service-officers-in-puerto-rico-1898-1919
#16
Jose G Rigau-Pérez
The history of the US Public Health Service (PHS) is usually presented in terms of diseases or discoveries; this article examines twenty years' activity in one location. When the United States invaded Puerto Rico in 1898, the Marine Hospital Service (now PHS) took responsibility for foreign quarantine, inspection of immigrants, and medical care for merchant seamen. Its officers evaluated the sanitary conditions of port cities, helped reorganize local disease surveillance and control, and investigated endemic diseases (e...
September 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915091/working-with-the-complexity-and-refusing-to-simplify-undocuqueer-meaning-making-at-the-intersection-of-lgbtq-and-immigrant-rights-discourses
#17
Jesus Cisneros
This study brings gender, sexuality, and immigration status, and their conceptual margins, to the center of analysis via the narratives of 31 self-identified undocuqueer immigrants. Undocuqueer immigrants ascribe meaning to their experiences by producing alternate subjectivities and subject positions that resist multiple axes of oppression. These subjectivities problematize the exclusionary repercussions of single axis identity categorization that mostly benefit those who already have some structural privileges...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914587/self-rated-health-and-social-capital-in-iraqi-immigrants-to-sweden-the-medim-population-based-study
#18
Louise Bennet, Martin Lindström
OBJECTIVES: Poor self-rated health is an estimator of quality of life and a predictor of mortality seldom studied in immigrant populations. This work aimed to study self-rated health in relation to social capital, socioeconomic status, lifestyle and comorbidity in immigrants from Iraq - one of the largest non-European immigrant group in Sweden today - and to compare it with the self-rated health of native Swedes. DESIGN: The study was a cross-sectional population-based study conducted from 2010 to 2012 among citizens of Malmö, Sweden, aged 30-65 years and born in Iraq or Sweden...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914547/challenges-and-resilience-related-to-aging-in-the-united-states-among-older-chinese-immigrants
#19
Jia Li, Ling Xu, Iris Chi
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify challenges and protective factors for resilience related to the process of aging among older Chinese immigrants in the United States. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods and involved 24 in-depth interviews with Chinese immigrants aged 65 or older in Los Angeles. Content analysis was employed to analyze qualitative data. RESULTS: Three major themes emerged regarding challenges older Chinese immigrants encountered in aging in the United States: language barriers, loneliness and social isolation, and insufficient use of social services...
September 15, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914495/acculturation-based-family-conflict-a-validation-of-asian-american-family-conflict-scale-among-chinese-americans
#20
Shiyou Wu, Xiafei Wang, Qi Wu, Fuhua Zhai, Qin Gao
Acculturation-based family conflicts can influence parent-child relationships and children's development among immigrant families. The Asian American Family Conflict Scale (AAFCS) was developed to measure conflicting practices and values between parents and children in the context of acculturation. Given that considerable cultural and institutional changes have taken place in original countries for the Chinese immigrant population, it is important to investigate whether the factor structure of the AAFCS is appropriate for measuring the attitudes and practices of acculturation among the current Chinese immigrant population...
September 15, 2017: PsyCh Journal
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