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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329834/social-security-contributions-and-return-migration-among-older-male-mexican-immigrants
#1
Emma Aguila, Alma Vega
Purpose: For decades, scholars have studied the effects of immigration on the U.S. social security system. To date, this research has been primarily limited to migrants within the United States and does not consider those who return to their countries of origin. We estimate the proportion of male Mexican return migrants who contributed to the U.S. social security system and analyze their socioeconomic characteristics and migration histories. We also estimate the proportion that receive or expect to receive U...
January 19, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329741/drugs-violence-and-trauma-in-m%C3%A3-xico-and-united-states
#2
Juan Carlos Puyana, Juan Carlos Jacob Puyana, Andres Mariano Rubiano, Jorge Hernan Montenegro, Glyn O Estebanez, Alvaro Ignacio Sanchez, Felipe Vega-Rivera
The impact of illicit drug markets on the occurrence of violence varies tremendously depending on many factors. Over the last years, Mexico and United States (US) has increased security border issues that included many aspects of drug-related trade and criminal activities. Mexico experienced only a small reduction of trauma deaths after severe crime reinforcement policies. This strategy in the war on drugs is shifting the drug market to other Central American countries. This phenomenon is called the ballooning effect where by pressure to control illicit drug related activities in one particular area forces a shift to other more vulnerable areas that lead to increase crime and violence...
March 21, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329540/acral-keratoses-and-squamous-cell-carcinomas-likely-associated-with-arsenic-exposure
#3
Amelia K Hausauer, Rachel Hoffmann, Vitaly Terushkin, Shane A Meehan, Alisa N Femia, Miriam Keltz Pomeranz
Chronic arsenic exposure is known to inducepunctate keratoses with an increased risk ofprimary squamous-cell carcinoma. Drinking wateris currently the major source of arsenic exposureworldwide and is considered one of the mostsubstantial environmental carcinogens. We describethe case of a 61-year-old Hungarian woman withscattered, acral, hyperkeratotic papules and a historyof five palmoplantar squamous-cell carcinomasas well as two other extremity non-melanomaskin cancers. Prior to immigration, she had livedin a county of Southern Hungary that is known tohave elevated concentrations of inorganic arsenicin the drinking water above the World HealthOrganization's current maximum threshold forsafety...
December 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329123/prevalence-of-chagas-disease-in-the-latin-american-born-population-of-los-angeles
#4
Sheba K Meymandi, Colin J Forsyth, Jonathan Soverow, Salvador Hernandez, Daniel Sanchez, Susan P Montgomery, Mahmoud Traina
Background.: According to an estimate from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Chagas disease (CD) may affect 1.31% of Latin American immigrants in the United States, with >300 000 cases. However, there is a lack of real-world data to support this estimate. Little is known about the actual prevalence of this neglected tropical disease in the United States, and the bulk of those infected are undiagnosed. Methods.: From April 2008 to May 2014, we screened 4,755 Latin American-born residents of Los Angeles County...
February 12, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328987/a-novel-recombinant-variant-of-latent-membrane-protein-1-from-epstein-barr-virus-in-argentina-denotes-phylogeographical-association
#5
Magdalena Gantuz, Mario Alejandro Lorenzetti, Paola Andrea Chabay, María Victoria Preciado
AIM: To study LMP1 variants distribution among children with EBV+ malignant and benign conditions as well as in healthy carriers. METHODS: Oral secretions and blood cells from 31 children with IM, and biopsies from 14 EBV+ reactive lymphoid hyperplasia and 33 EBV+ lymphomas were included. LMP1 was amplified by nested PCR and sequenced. Phylogenetic reconstructions were made under Maximun Likelihood, Bayesian and coalescent algorithms. RESULTS: Six clades were defined (China1, China2, Med-, Alaskan, B95...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327116/a-tailored-online-safety-and-health-intervention-for-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence-the-ican-plan-4-safety-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#6
Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Colleen Varcoe, Kelly Scott-Storey, Judith Wuest, James Case, Leanne M Currie, Nancy Glass, Marilyn Hodgins, Harriet MacMillan, Nancy Perrin, C Nadine Wathen
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) threatens the safety and health of women worldwide. Safety planning is a widely recommended, evidence-based intervention for women experiencing IPV, yet fewer than 1 in 5 Canadian women access safety planning through domestic violence services. Rural, Indigenous, racialized, and immigrant women, those who prioritize their privacy, and/or women who have partners other than men, face unique safety risks and access barriers. Online IPV interventions tailored to the unique features of women's lives, and to maximize choice and control, have potential to reduce access barriers, and improve fit and inclusiveness, maximizing effectiveness of these interventions for diverse groups...
March 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326536/risk-factors-for-obesity-in-preschool-aged-children-in-china
#7
Jyu-Lin Chen, Jill Howie Esquivel, Jia Guo, Catherine A Chesla, Siyuan Tang
AIMS: To examine the relationship between child, mother, and environmental factors and increased body mass index in preschool-aged children in China. BACKGROUND: There are about 120 million children in China are classified as overweight or obese. Understanding the key factors associated with childhood obesity (i.e. child, mother and environment) is the first step in combating the growing obesity epidemic in China, as well as in the global community, where large numbers of Chinese immigrants can be found...
March 21, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326438/parent-perceptions-of-child-weight-status-in-mexican-origin-immigrant-families-an-investigation-of-acculturation-stress-and-coping-factors
#8
Dorothy L McLeod, Carolyn R Bates, Amy M Heard, Amy M Bohnert, Catherine DeCarlo Santiago
Parents often underestimate their child's weight status, particularly when the child is overweight or obese. This study examined acculturation, stress, coping, and involuntary responses to stress and their relation to estimation of child's weight status among Mexican-origin immigrant families. Eighty-six families provided data on child's height and weight, caregiver's perception of their child's weight status, and caregiver's responses to acculturation, stress, and coping scales. Parents underestimated their child's weight status, particularly when the child was overweight or obese...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325173/patterns-and-processes-influencing-helminth-parasites-of-arctic-coastal-communities-during-climate-change
#9
K V Galaktionov
This review analyses the scarce available data on biodiversity and transmission of helminths in Arctic coastal ecosystems and the potential impact of climate changes on them. The focus is on the helminths of seabirds, dominant parasites in coastal ecosystems. Their fauna in the Arctic is depauperate because of the lack of suitable intermediate hosts and unfavourable conditions for species with free-living larvae. An increasing proportion of crustaceans in the diet of Arctic seabirds would result in a higher infection intensity of cestodes and acanthocephalans, and may also promote the infection of seabirds with non-specific helminths...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325080/book-review-detaining-the-immigrant-other-global-and-transnational-issues-furman-r-wpps-d-lamphear-g-eds-detaining-the-immigrant-other-global-and-transnational-issues-oxford-england-oxford-university-press-2016-isbn-9780190222574
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325067/deep-genealogical-analysis-of-a-large-cohort-of-participants-in-the-cartagene-project-quebec-canada
#11
Marc Tremblay, Gabrielle Rouleau
BACKGROUND: Genealogical analysis helps to better understand the genetic structure of populations. The population of Quebec (Canada) often serves as a model for this type of analysis, having one of the world's most complete genealogical databases. AIM: The main objective of this study was to reconstruct, analyse and compare the ascending genealogies of participants to CARTaGENE, a project that aims at building a database on various aspects of public health. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In total, 5110 genealogies from four Quebec regions were reconstructed...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324794/the-socio-political-context-of-migration-and-reproductive-health-disparities-the-case-of-early-sexual-initiation-among-mexican-origin-immigrant-young-women
#12
Kate Coleman-Minahan
Prior research often explains the lower risk of early sexual initiation among foreign-born Mexican-origin young women by a patriarchal and sexually conservative "traditional Latino culture." This definition overlooks structural factors such as exploitation of migrant workers, and conflates gender inequality and sexual expectations. I use an intersectional framework and the theory of gender and power to explore how gender inequality and sexual expectations are both influenced by structural factors and affect reproductive health outcomes...
March 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323603/how-medicine-may-save-the-life-of-us-immigration-policy-from-clinical-and-educational-encounters-to-ethical-public-policy
#13
Mark G Kuczewski
Medicine has a conceptual contribution to make to the immigration debate. Our nation has been unable to move forward with meaningful immigration reform because many citizens seem to assume that immigrants are in the United States to access benefits to which they are not entitled. In contrast, when medicine encounters undocumented immigrants in the health care or medical education setting, it is obvious that their contributions to our health care system are denied by exclusionary laws. When the system is amended to be inclusive, immigrants become contributors to the systems that they access...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323553/examining-pediatric-care-for-newly-immigrated-families-perspectives-of-health-care-providers
#14
David Nicholas, Bonnie Fleming-Carroll, Michele Durrant, Jonathan Hellmann
Respect for the ethnicity and cultural background of families are important components of health care delivery. However, the needs of new immigrants in pediatric care systems remain under-addressed in the literature. This study utilized a qualitative approach of interpretive description to elicit the pediatric health care experiences and needs of new immigrants to Canada, from the perspective of health care providers who worked extensively with newcomers. Two focus groups of multidisciplinary health care providers were conducted in a tertiary-level pediatric hospital...
March 21, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322768/unintended-pregnancies-among-women-serving-in-the-israeli-military
#15
Misgav Rottenstreich, Limor Loitner, Shir Dar, Ron Kedem, Noam Smorgick, Zvi Vaknin
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of and variables associated with unintended pregnancy among young, unmarried women serving in the Israeli military. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of unmarried women drafted by the Israeli military between 2013 and 2015 at the age of 18years. We used multivariable logistic regression to examine associations between unintended pregnancy and women's education, IQ, immigration status, country of origin, neighborhood socioeconomic status, and history of psychiatric illness...
March 16, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322417/reduction-of-acute-hepatitis-b-through-vaccina-tion-of-adolescents-with-no-decrease-in-chronic-hepatitis-b-due-to-immigration-in-a-low-ende-micity-country
#16
Jean-Luc Richard, Christian Schaetti, Sabine Basler, Virginie Masserey Spicher
With a hepatitis B prevalence of 0.3%, Switzerland is a country with low endemicity. Unlike most other countries, Switzerland's recommendation for vaccination against hepatitis B has since 1998 focused on adolescents aged 11 to 15 years rather than on infants, in addition to risk groups since 1982. This paper describes the evolution of the incidence of acute hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and newly reported chronic cases in Switzerland, as well as their epidemiological features, in order to discuss the implications for the control of hepatitis B through vaccination...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322313/the-epidemic-dynamics-of-hepatitis-c-virus-subtypes-4a-and-4d-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Ahmed A Al-Qahtani, Guy Baele, Nisreen Khalaf, Marc A Suchard, Mashael R Al-Anazi, Ayman A Abdo, Faisal M Sanai, Hamad I Al-Ashgar, Mohammed Q Khan, Mohammed N Al-Ahdal, Philippe Lemey, Bram Vrancken
The relatedness between viral variants sampled at different locations through time can provide information pertinent to public health that cannot readily be obtained through standard surveillance methods. Here, we use virus genetic data to identify the transmission dynamics that drive the hepatitis C virus subtypes 4a (HCV4a) and 4d (HCV4d) epidemics in Saudi Arabia. We use a comprehensive dataset of newly generated and publicly available sequence data to infer the HCV4a and HCV4d evolutionary histories in a Bayesian statistical framework...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321765/recruitment-and-retention-of-south-asian-ethnic-minority-populations-in-behavioral-interventions-to-improve-type-2-diabetes-outcomes
#18
REVIEW
Bushra Mahmood, Rowshanak Afshar, Tricia S Tang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: South Asian (SA) immigrants have a higher burden of type 2 diabetes, report poor self-management, and remain a hard-to-engage group in behavioral interventions. The purpose of this review was to characterize recruitment and retention of SAs in behavioral interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: We identified 14 studies with limited information regarding recruitment and retention. Overall recruitment rates were low: 12 studies had a mean recruitment rate of 44% among those screened, and 9 studies with complete information on eligibility had a mean recruitment rate of 65...
April 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320350/views-of-somali-women-and-men-on-the-use-of-faith-based-messages-promoting-breast-and-cervical-cancer-screening-for-somali-women-a-focus-group-study
#19
Rebekah Pratt, Sharif Mohamed, Wali Dirie, Nimo Ahmed, Michael VanKeulen, Huda Ahmed, Nancy Raymond, Kola Okuyemi
BACKGROUND: Screening rates for breast and cervical cancer for Muslim women in the United States are low, particularly for first-generation immigrants. Interpretations of the Muslim faith represent some of the barriers for breast and cervical cancer screening. Working to understand how faith influences breast and cervical screening for Somali women, and working with the community to identify and utilize faith-based assets for promoting screening, may lead to life-saving changes in screening behaviors...
March 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319443/the-negative-effects-of-immigration-restrictions-on-the-gene-therapy-community
#20
Terence R Flotte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Human Gene Therapy
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