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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155082/association-of-gastric-intestinal-metaplasia-and-east-asian-ethnicity-with-the-risk-of-gastric-adenocarcinoma-in-a-u-s-population
#1
Alyssa Y Choi, Lisa L Strate, Matthew C Fix, Rodney A Schmidt, Alexander R Ende, Matthew M Yeh, John M Inadomi, Joo Ha Hwang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although the incidence of gastric cancer is higher than esophageal cancer in the United States, no screening or surveillance guidelines exist. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between gastric intestinal metaplasia and the risk of gastric cancer in a U.S. tertiary care system with a large immigrant population. METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study with cases of biopsy-proven gastric cancer matched (by age and gender) to controls without gastric cancer who had undergone EGD...
November 16, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154974/prostate-cancer-health-disparities-an-immuno-biological-perspective
#2
Sanjay Kumar, Rajesh Singh, Shalie Malik, Upender Manne, Manoj Mishra
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in males, and, in the United States, is the second leading cause of cancer-related death for men older than 40 years. There is a higher incidence of PCa for African Americans (AAs) than for European-Americans (EAs). Investigations related to the incidence of PCa-related health disparities for AAs suggest that there are differences in the genetic makeup of these populations. Other differences are environmentally induced (e.g., diet and lifestyle), and the exposures are different...
November 15, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153492/immigrants-commit-crime-and-violence-at-lower-rates-than-the-us-born-americans
#3
Michael G Vaughn, Christopher P Salas-Wright
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152455/surveying-immigrants-in-southern-europe-spanish-and-italian-strategies-in-comparative-perspective
#4
Inmaculada Serrano Sanguilinda, Elisa Barbiano di Belgiojoso, Amparo González Ferrer, Stefania Maria Lorenza Rimoldi, Gian Carlo Blangiardo
Italy and Spain, as countries of recent immigration and high irregularity rates, have struggled to adapt their statistical system, especially their population registers, to adequately reflect the presence of an increasing number of immigrants in their territory. The population registers of the two countries have adapted differently to these changing realities: Spain introduced significant improvements in Padrón which have increased its coverage and accuracy. This is still not the case in Italy, making it necessary to resort to non-random sampling methods...
2017: Comparative Migration Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152173/state-space-mark-recapture-estimates-reveal-a-recent-decline-in-abundance-of-north-atlantic-right-whales
#5
Richard M Pace, Peter J Corkeron, Scott D Kraus
North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis Müller 1776) present an interesting problem for abundance and trend estimation in marine wildlife conservation. They are long lived, individually identifiable, highly mobile, and one of the rarest of cetaceans. Individuals are annually resighted at different rates, primarily due to varying stay durations among several principal habitats within a large geographic range. To date, characterizations of abundance have been produced that use simple accounting procedures with differing assumptions about mortality...
November 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151983/moving-beyond-china-in-africa-insights-from-zambian-immigration-data
#6
Hannah Postel
China's growing presence in Africa is not news: the expansion of bilateral trade and investment ties has garnered intense media and political focus over the past decade. However, less is known about the people accompanying these increasingly intensive flows of goods and capital. This paper focuses on Zambia, drawing on multiple primary datasets to shed light on both the scale and nature of Chinese migration to the continent. Two years of Department of Immigration employment-permit data serve as the basis for the first quantitative analysis of the "Chinese" in "Africa," illuminating the increasing diversity of this population flow...
2017: Journal of Current Chinese Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151882/progression-of-phosphine-resistance-in-susceptible-tribolium-castaneum-herbst-populations-under-different-immigration-regimes-and-selection-pressures
#7
Michelle A Rafter, Graham A McCulloch, Gregory J Daglish, Gimme H Walter
Insecticide resistance is an escalating global issue for a wide variety of agriculturally important pests. The genetic basis and biochemical mechanisms of resistance are well characterized in some systems, but little is known about the ecological aspects of insecticide resistance. We therefore designed a laboratory experiment to quantify the progression of phosphine resistance in Tribolium castaneum populations subject to different immigration regimes and selection pressures. Mated resistant females were added to originally susceptible populations under two distinct migration rates, and in addition, half of the populations in each migration treatment were exposed to selection pressures from phosphine fumigation...
October 2017: Evolutionary Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150360/changes-in-the-epidemiology-and-distribution-of-the-hepatitis-c-virus-genotypes-in-north-eastern-spain-over-the-last-35-years
#8
Doroteo Acero Fernández, María José Ferri Iglesias, María Buxó Pujolràs, Carmen López Nuñez, Isabel Serra Matamala, Xavier Queralt Molés, Xavier Aldeguer Manté
BACKGROUND: Genotypic distribution and epidemiology of HCV infection in Western Europe countries has changed over the last decades. AIM: To establish the local genotypic profile and characterize the associated demographic variables. MATERIAL AND METHOD: All the genotyping from 1988 to 2015 were considered. Associated demographic variables were included in logistic regression models. Genotyping was carried out with updated commercial kits. RESULTS: Genotype 1b was the most prevalent (42...
November 14, 2017: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148387/incentives-for-bushmeat-consumption-and-importation-among-west-african-immigrants-minnesota-usa
#9
Emily Walz, David Wilson, Jacob C Stauffer, Danushka Wanduragala, William M Stauffer, Dominic A Travis, Jonathan D Alpern
The knowledge, attitudes, and practices surrounding bushmeat consumption and importation in the United States are not well described. Focus groups of West African persons living in Minnesota, USA, found that perceived risks are low and unlikely to deter consumers. Incentives for importation and consumption were multifactorial in this community.
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147950/mental-health-consultation-among-ontario-s-immigrant-populations
#10
Farah Islam, Nazilla Khanlou, Alison Macpherson, Hala Tamim
To determine the prevalence rates and characteristics of past-year mental health consultation for Ontario's adult (18 + years old) immigrant populations. The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2012 was used to calculate the prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation by service provider type. Characteristics associated with mental health consultation were determined by carrying out multivariable logistic regression analysis on merged CCHS 2008-2012 data. Adult immigrant populations in Ontario (n = 3995) had lower estimated prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation across all service provider types compared to Canadian-born populations (n = 14,644)...
November 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147063/nativity-race-ethnicity-and-dual-diagnosis-among-us-adults
#11
Magdalena Szaflarski, Shawn Bauldry, Lisa A Cubbins, Karthikeyan Meganathan
Purpose: This study investigated disparities in dual diagnosis (comorbid substance-use and depressive/anxiety disorders) among US adults by nativity and racial-ethnic origin and socioeconomic, cultural, and psychosocial factors that may account for the observed disparities. Design/methodology: The study drew on data from two waves of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Racial-ethnic categories included African, Asian/Pacific Islander, European, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic/Latino...
2017: Research in the Sociology of Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144960/cervical-cancer-screening-experiences-among-chinese-american-immigrant-women-in-the-united-states
#12
Jin Young Seo, Junxin Li, Kun Li
OBJECTIVE: To understand the experiences and perceptions of having cervical cancer screening tests and to explore the extant barriers to having the tests among first-generation Chinese American women in the United States. DESIGN: Qualitative, descriptive, phenomenological research. SETTING: Los Angeles, California. PARTICIPANTS: Snowball and purposive sampling of 12 Chinese American immigrant women ages 20 to 65 years...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143158/being-a-young-migrant-in-italy-the-effect-of-perceived-social-support-in-adolescence
#13
Paola Dalmasso, Alberto Borraccino, Giacomo Lazzeri, Lorena Charrier, Paola Berchialla, Franco Cavallo, Patrizia Lemma
Parental and peer support seems to be a favourable determining factor in the acculturation process among young immigrants. We aimed to assess the level of perceived support among first- and second-generation adolescent immigrants and compare it to that perceived by the adolescents from the host population. Using Italian HBSC survey data collected in 2013-2014, first- and second-generation immigrants aged 11, 13 and 15 years were classified according to their ethnic background as being from Western countries, Eastern European countries, or from non-Western/non-European countries...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142937/geographic-variation-and-us-county-characteristics-associated-with-rapid-kidney-function-decline
#14
Benjamin Bowe, Yan Xie, Hong Xian, Min Lian, Ziyad Al-Aly
Introduction: Geographic variation in the prevalence of chronic kidney disease and incidence of end-stage renal disease has been previously reported. However, the geographic epidemiology of rapid estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline has not been examined. Methods: We built a longitudinal cohort of 2,107,570 US veterans to characterize the spatial epidemiology of and examine the associations between US county characteristics and rapid eGFR decline...
January 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142652/the-association-between-risk-factors-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-canada-a-cross-sectional-study-using-the-2014-canadian-community-health-survey
#15
Selma Osman, Chelsea Ziegler, Randie Gibson, Razi Mahmood, John Moraros
Background: The global prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is expected to increase and the disease is projected to be the third leading cause of death by the year 2020. The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence and determine the risk factors for COPD in Canada. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that uses data from a nationally generalizable survey, the Canadian Community Health Survey, 2014. There were 46,924 respondents aged 35 years or older...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142308/the-evolution-of-a-rare-mammalian-trait-benefits-and-costs-of-male-philopatry-in-proboscis-bats
#16
Linus Günther, Mirjam Knörnschild, Martina Nagy, Frieder Mayer
While inbreeding avoidance is widely accepted as the major driver of female natal dispersal, the evolution of male philopatry is still poorly understood and discussed to be driven by male mating strategy, mate competition among male kin and kin cooperation. During a twelve-year study, we gathered detailed genetic and observational data of individually marked proboscis bats to assess the degree of male philopatry as well as its costs and benefits to improve the understanding of its evolution. Our results reveal several patrilines with simultaneous presence of closely related males and a small proportion of unrelated immigrant males in their colonies...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141916/bone-age-a-handy-tool-for-pediatric-providers
#17
REVIEW
Ana L Creo, W Frederick Schwenk
Pediatricians have relied on methods for determining skeletal maturation for >75 years. Bone age continues to be a valuable tool in assessing children's health. New technology for bone age determination includes computer-automated readings and assessments obtained from alternative imaging modalities. In addition, new nonclinical bone age applications are evolving, particularly pertaining to immigration and children's rights to asylum. Given the significant implications when bone ages are used in high-stake decisions, it is necessary to recognize recently described limitations in predicting accurate age in various ethnicities and diseases...
November 15, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141714/falciparum-malaria-outbreak-in-sabah-linked-to-an-immigrant-rubber-tapper
#18
Saffree Mohammad Jeffree, Kamruddin Ahmed, Nazarudin Safian, Rohaizat Hassan, Omar Mihat, Khamisah Awang Lukman, Shamsul Bahari Shamsudin, Fadzilah Kamaludin
Sabah is a Malaysian state situated in the northern part of Borneo, and it is endemic for malaria. The incidence of malaria is the lowest (0.05/1,000 population) in Penampang districts of Sabah. In June 26, 2012, two Plasmodium falciparum malaria cases were notified to public health department from a village in Penampang. Immediate investigation was initiated to identify the risk factors and to institute control measures. We performed active case finding by asking household members of all houses in the village regarding malaria symptoms and by examining blood smears...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141629/the-potential-impact-of-brexit-and-immigration-policies-on-the-gp-workforce-in-england-a-cross-sectional-observational-study-of-gp-qualification-region-and-the-characteristics-of-the-areas-and-population-they-served-in-september-2016
#19
Aneez Esmail, Maria Panagioti, Evangelos Kontopantelis
BACKGROUND: The UK is dependent on international doctors, with a greater proportion of non-UK qualified doctors working in its universal health care system than in any other European country, except Ireland and Norway. The terms of the UK exit from the European Union can reduce the ability of European Economic Area (EEA) qualified doctors to work in the UK, while new visa requirements will significantly restrict the influx of non-EEA doctors. We aimed to explore the implications of policy restrictions on immigration, by regionally and spatially describing the characteristics of general practitioners (GPs) by region of medical qualification and the characteristics of the populations they serve...
November 16, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140563/-stink-flirting-in-ring-tailed-lemurs-lemur-catta-male-olfactory-displays-to-females-as-honest-costly-signals
#20
Amber D Walker-Bolton, Joyce A Parga
Sexual selection for honest behavioral displays of quality has driven the development of remarkably complex courtship behavior in many animal species. Olfactory displays are often overlooked as an area of inquiry compared to auditory and visual displays. Ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) scent marking of substrates has been studied extensively, although the male olfactory displays of anointing and wafting tails to females has received relatively little attention. We studied the role of male olfactory displays to females, evaluating whether such signals function as honest, costly signals of male dominance status in two groups of wild L...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
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