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neonatal resuscitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908286/cost-analysis-of-large-scale-implementation-of-the-helping-babies-breathe-newborn-resuscitation-training-program-in-tanzania
#1
Sumona Chaudhury, Lauren Arlington, Shelby Brenan, Allan Kaijunga Kairuki, Amunga Robson Meda, Kahabi G Isangula, Victor Mponzi, Dunstan Bishanga, Erica Thomas, Georgina Msemo, Mary Azayo, Alice Molinier, Brett D Nelson
BACKGROUND: Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) has become the gold standard globally for training birth-attendants in neonatal resuscitation in low-resource settings in efforts to reduce early newborn asphyxia and mortality. The purpose of this study was to do a first-ever activity-based cost-analysis of at-scale HBB program implementation and initial follow-up in a large region of Tanzania and evaluate costs of national scale-up as one component of a multi-method external evaluation of the implementation of HBB at scale in Tanzania...
December 1, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906192/thematic-analysis-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementation-of-neonatal-resuscitation-guideline-changes
#2
H C Lee, V Arora, T Brown, A Lyndon
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate experiences regarding implementation of Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) guideline changes in the context of a collaborative quality improvement (QI) project. STUDY DESIGN: Focus groups were conducted with local QI leaders and providers from nine sites that participated in a QI collaborative. Thematic analysis identified facilitators and barriers to implementation of NRP guideline changes and QI in general. RESULTS: Facilitators for QI included comparative process measurement and data tracking...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887680/emergency-video-telemedicine-consultation-for-newborn-resuscitations-the-mayo-clinic-experience
#3
Jennifer L Fang, Christopher A Collura, Robert V Johnson, Garth F Asay, William A Carey, Douglas P Derleth, Tara R Lang, Beth L Kreofsky, Christopher E Colby
OBJECTIVE: To describe the Mayo Clinic experience with emergency video telemedicine consultations for high-risk newborn deliveries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From March 26, 2013, through December 31, 2015, the Division of Neonatal Medicine offered newborn telemedicine consultations to 6 health system sites. A wireless tablet running secure video conferencing software was used by the local care teams. Descriptive data were collected on all consultations. After each telemedicine consult, a survey was sent to the neonatologist and referring provider to assess the technology, teamwork, and user satisfaction...
November 10, 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885446/post-cardiotomy-rescue-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-neonates-with-single-ventricle-after-intractable-cardiac-arrest-attrition-after-hospital-discharge-and-predictors-of-outcome
#4
Anastasios C Polimenakos, Vincent Rizzo, Chawki F El-Zein, Michel N Ilbawi
Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) in children with cardiac arrest refractory to conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been reported with encouraging results. We reviewed outcomes of neonates with functional single ventricle (FSV) surviving post-cardiotomy ECPR after hospital discharge. Fifty-eight patients who required post-cardiotomy extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) since the introduction of our ECPR protocol (January 2007-December 2011) were identified. Forty-one were neonates...
November 24, 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875999/helping-babies-breathe-hbb-training-what-happens-to-knowledge-and-skills-over-time
#5
Akash Bang, Archana Patel, Roopa Bellad, Peter Gisore, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Fabian Esamai, Edward A Liechty, Sreelatha Meleth, Norman Goco, Susan Niermeyer, William Keenan, Beena D Kamath-Rayne, George A Little, Susan B Clarke, Victoria A Flanagan, Sherri Bucher, Manish Jain, Nilofer Mujawar, Vinita Jain, Janet Rukunga, Niranjana Mahantshetti, Sangappa Dhaded, Manisha Bhandankar, Elizabeth M McClure, Waldemar A Carlo, Linda L Wright, Patricia L Hibberd
BACKGROUND: The first minutes after birth are critical to reducing neonatal mortality. Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) is a simulation-based neonatal resuscitation program for low resource settings. We studied the impact of initial HBB training followed by refresher training on the knowledge and skills of the birth attendants in facilities. METHODS: We conducted HBB trainings in 71 facilities in the NICHD Global Network research sites (Nagpur and Belgaum, India and Eldoret, Kenya), with a 6:1 ratio of facility trainees to Master Trainers (MT)...
November 22, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869210/delivery-room-quality-improvement-project-improved-compliance-with-best-practices-for-a-community-nicu
#6
Charles W Sauer, Mallory A Boutin, Aayah N Fatayerji, James A Proudfoot, Nabil I Fatayerji, David J Golembeski
A Quality Improvement bundle was implemented with the goal of standardizing the multidisciplinary approach to delivery room management. We used a Pre-Post Quality Improvement initiative with the following aims: (1) Placement of a functioning pulse oximeter by two minutes after birth, (2) Delayed intubation, (3) Normothermia on Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Admission, (4) Use of a pre-brief, debrief, and delivery room checklist. Data was collected for 548 infants, which represents every admission to the Palomar Rady Children's Hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Unit during the 35 month study period from January 1, 2010 to November 30, 2012...
November 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863530/performances-of-low-level-hospital-health-caregivers-after-a-neonatal-resuscitation-course
#7
Giuseppe De Bernardo, Desirée Sordino, Francesco Cavallin, Veronica Mardegan, Nicoletta Doglioni, Maria Luisa Tataranno, Daniele Trevisanuto
BACKGROUND: High fidelity simulation has been executed to allow the evaluation of technical and non-technical skills of health caregivers. Our objective was to assess technical and non-technical performances of low level hospitals health caregivers who attended a Neonatal Resuscitation course using high fidelity simulation in a standard-setting scenario. METHODS: Twenty-three volunteers were asked to manage a simple scenario (infant with secondary apnea) after the course...
November 18, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862301/participants-opinions-of-the-limited-impact-of-an-adapted-neonatal-resuscitation-course-in-a-low-resource-setting
#8
Maria Elena Cavicchiolo, Marco Daverio, Paolo Lanzoni, Giulia Segafredo, Damiano Pizzol, Giovanni Putoto, Daniele Trevisanuto
In Mozambique, midwives provide neonatal resuscitation at birth. On January 2014, we held an adapted one-day neonatal resuscitation programme (NRP) course, based on lectures, skill stations and practical scenarios, for the 16 midwives at the Central Hospital of Beira (1), the country's second largest hospital, with about 4,500 deliveries per year. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
November 10, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852667/short-term-outcome-of-treatment-limitation-discussions-for-newborn-infants-a-multicentre-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#9
Narendra Aladangady, Chloe Shaw, Katie Gallagher, Elizabeth Stokoe, Neil Marlow
OBJECTIVE: To determine the short-term outcomes of babies for whom clinicians or parents discussed the limitation of life-sustaining treatment (LST). DESIGN: Prospective multicentre observational study. SETTING: Two level 3, six level 2 and one level 1 neonatal units in the North-East London Neonatal Network. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 87 babies including 68 for whom limiting LST was discussed with parents and 19 babies died without discussion of limiting LST in the labour ward or neonatal unit...
November 15, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852328/a-pilot-program-of-knowledge-translation-and-implementation-for-newborn-resuscitation-using-us-peace-corps-volunteers-in-rural-madagascar
#10
Kristin Close, Michele Karel, Michelle White
BACKGROUND: Prevention of adverse perinatal outcome using the Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) neonatal resuscitation algorithm can reduce perinatal mortality in low income settings. Mercy Ships is a non-governmental organisation providing free healthcare education in sub-Saharan Africa and in an attempt to reach more rural areas of Madagascar with our neonatal resuscitation training we designed a novel approach in collaboration with US Peace Corps Volunteers (PCV). PCVs work in rural areas and contribute to locally determined public health initiatives...
November 16, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849690/10-evaluation-of-simulation-based-neonatal-obstetric-resuscitation-training-in-a-resource-poor-setting
#11
Nicole Shilkofski, Jill Edwardson, Ronke Adewale, Fides Ababon, Genevieve Tupas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844484/golden-60%C3%A2-minutes-of-newborn-s-life-part-2-term-neonate
#12
Deepak Sharma, Pradeep Sharma, Sweta Shastri
The concept of "Golden 60 minutes" or "Golden Hour" has been derived from adult trauma. It has been defined as the first 60 minutes of postnatal life. It has been seen that care received by any newborn in the initial first hour have implications in the future life, showing the importance of golden hour. The major cause of neonatal mortality term newborn is asphyxia, which can be reduced with effective resuscitation. In golden hour approach for term newborn, the importance is given to effective and evidence based resuscitation, post-resuscitation care, delayed cord clamping, prevention of hypothermia, immediate breast feeding, prevention of hypoglycemia, and starting of therapeutic hypothermia in case of moderate to severe asphyxia...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844483/golden-60%C3%A2-minutes-of-newborn-s-life-part-1-preterm-neonate
#13
Deepak Sharma
"Golden 60 minutes "or "Golden Hour" is defined as the first hour of the newborn after birth. This hour includes resuscitation care, transport to nursery from place of birth and course in nursery. The concept of "Golden hour" includes evidence based interventions that are done in the first 60 min of postnatal life for the better long term outcome of the preterm newborn especially extreme premature, extreme low birth weight and very low birth weight. The evidence shows that the concept of "Golden 60 minutes" leads to reduction in neonatal complications like hypothermia, hypoglycemia, intraventricular hemorrhage, chronic lung disease and retinopathy of prematurity...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836093/factors-associated-with-very-early-neonatal-mortality-in-burkina-faso-a-matched-case-control-study
#14
Rémi Kaboré, Ivlabèhiré Bertrand Meda, Jean-Louis Emmanuel Koulidiati, Tiéba Millogo, Seni Kouanda
OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors associated with very early neonatal death in Burkina Faso. METHODS: A matched case-control study including newborns born between May 2009 and April 2010. Cases comprised newborns that died within 24hours of birth, whereas controls were those of a similar birth weight to the cases who survived the first 24hours. Potential risk factors related to mothers, neonates, and healthcare provision were assessed from medical records and via interviews...
November 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834784/lost-in-explanation-lessons-learned-from-audio-recordings-and-surveys-of-the-antenatal-consultation
#15
E M Studer, K L Marc-Aurele
OBJECTIVE: Determine content of antenatal prematurity consultations and identify factors associated with satisfaction. DESIGN: This is an observational study of consultations for possible preterm delivery. Consultations were audio-recorded and analyzed. Parents and physicians were surveyed post-consultation. RESULTS: We analyzed 17 audio-recordings. Mean gestation was 28 weeks. Frequency of topics discussed were: antenatal steroids 82%, intubation 82%, breast milk 76%, time in NICU 65%, development 59%, and survival 53%...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832667/simulation-based-patient-specific-multidisciplinary-team-training-in-preparation-for-the-resuscitation-and-stabilization-of-conjoined-twins
#16
Nicole K Yamada, Janene H Fuerch, Louis P Halamek
The resuscitation of conjoined twins is a rare and complex clinical challenge. We detail how patient-specific, in situ simulation can be used to prepare a large, multidisciplinary team of health care professionals (HCPs) to deliver safe, efficient, and effective care to such patients. In this case, in situ simulation allowed an 18-person team to address the clinical and ergonomic challenges anticipated for this neonatal resuscitation. The HCPs trained together as an intact team in the actual delivery room environment to probe for human and system weaknesses prior to this unique delivery, and optimized communication, teamwork, and other behavioral skills as they prepared for the simultaneous resuscitation of two patients who were physically joined to one another...
November 10, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831550/impact-of-a-dedicated-neonatal-stabilization-room-and-process-changes-on-stabilization-time
#17
S Shivananda, S Gupta, S Thomas, L Babb, C-L Meyer, A Symington, B Paes, G K Suresh
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the impact of a dedicated resuscitation and stabilization (RAS) room and process changes on infant stabilization time. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective quality improvement study was conducted on preterm infants in a tertiary care center. A dedicated RAS room, preresuscitation huddle, infant-isolette-ventilator pairing and improved documentation were implemented. The primary outcome was median time to stabilization and secondary outcomes were illness severity on day 1 and morbidity at discharge...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823817/update-on-simulation-for-the-neonatal-resuscitation-program
#18
REVIEW
Anne Ades, Henry C Lee
The goal of the Neonatal Resuscitation Program is to have a trained provider in neonatal resuscitation at every delivery. The Neonatal Resuscitation Program develops its course content on review of the scientific evidence available for the resuscitation of newborns. Just as importantly, the educational structure and delivery of the course are based on evidence and educational theory. Thus, as simulation became a more accepted model in medical education and evidence was developing suggesting benefit of simulation, the Neonatal Resuscitation Program officially added simulation into its courses in 2010...
November 4, 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821118/the-intensive-care-lifeboat-a-survey-of-lay-attitudes-to-rationing-dilemmas-in-neonatal-intensive-care
#19
C Arora, J Savulescu, H Maslen, M Selgelid, D Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Resuscitation and treatment of critically ill newborn infants is associated with relatively high mortality, morbidity and cost. Guidelines relating to resuscitation have traditionally focused on the best interests of infants. There are, however, limited resources available in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), meaning that difficult decisions sometimes need to be made. This study explores the intuitions of lay people (non-health professionals) regarding resource allocation decisions in the NICU...
November 8, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817770/-effect-of-advanced-maternal-age-on-birth-defects-and-postnatal-complications-of-neonates
#20
Zheng Wang, Li Li, Xue-Ya Lei, Jin Xue, Hong-Ying Mi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of advanced maternal age on birth defects and postnatal complications of neonates. METHODS: Among the 1 109 neonates who were born at The First People's Hospital of Yunnan Province between January 2014 and December 2015, 536 neonates whose mothers were aged ≥35 years were enrolled as advanced age group and 573 neonates whose mothers were aged <35 years were enrolled as appropriate-age group. The incidences of the comorbidities in pregnancy, fetal intrauterine distress, neonatal birth defects, and postnatal complications were compared between the two groups...
November 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
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