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M E Mowitz, J A F Zupancic, D Millar, H Kirpalani, J S Gaulton, R S Roberts, W Mao, D Dukhovny
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness of nasal continuous positive pressure (nCPAP) compared with nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) in the context of the reported randomized clinical trial. STUDY DESIGN: Using patient-level data from the clinical trial, we undertook a prospectively planned economic evaluation. We measured costs, from a third-party payer perspective in all patients, and from a societal perspective in a subgroup with a time horizon through the earlier of discharge, death or 44 weeks post-menstrual age...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Hitomi Hino, Yuka Suzuki, Eiichi Ishii, Mitsumasa Fukuda
We describe an 11-year-old boy with nemaline myopathy who developed tension pneumothorax while undergoing noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV). The patient developed a persistent air leak after pleurodesis with minocycline hydrochloride and lowering of the NIPPV inspiratory pressure. He required additional respiratory support without the high airway pressures that may aggravate pneumothorax. We provided adequate respiratory support without increasing the positive airway pressure using biphasic cuirass ventilation (BCV), which moved the patient's chest wall by negative pressure...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Lina Kurdahi Badr, Mirvat Hasan Zeineddine, Hanan Abbas, Lama Charafeddine
PURPOSE: To determine if a foam septum protector prevents nasal injury in preterm infants receiving nasal heated humidified oxygen. DESIGN: A retrospective before and after comparative design was used. SAMPLE: Medical records of 101 preterm infants receiving either nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) or nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) were reviewed; 50 were in the control group and 51 were in the intervention group that had the NeoSeal septum protector applied...
2016: Neonatal Network: NN
Diana Reppucci, Debra Medin, Suhail Al-Saleh, Mary Jane Smith, Jill Barter, Reshma Amin
We present a case of a 15-month-old boy with Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (NIPBL gene mutation). On a PSG, central sleep apnea (central apnea-hypopnea index of 19/hour) and nocturnal hypoventilation (transcutaneous CO2 > 50 mmHg for 53% of the night) were found. A positive pressure initiation study was aborted because the patient developed a serious adverse reaction. The differential diagnosis included a skin fragility condition versus an allergic contact dermatitis to the interface; this could be from the povidone-iodine solution used to clean the NiPPV interface or from the plastic of the interface itself...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
Valiollah Amri Maleh, Mahmood Monadi, Behzad Heidari, Parviz Amri Maleh, Ali Bijani
BACKGROUND: Application noninvasive ventilation in the patients with exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) reduced mortality. This case-control study was designed to compare efficiency and outcome of non-invasive (NIV) versus invasive positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) in respiratory failure due to COPD. METHODS: The patients were assigned to NIV or IPPV intermittantly.The clinical parameters, including RR (respiratory rate), BP (blood pressure), HR (heart rate) and PH, PaCO2, PaO2 before and 1, 4 and 24 h after treatment were measured...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Tahereh Esmaeilnia, Fatemeh Nayeri, Roya Taheritafti, Mamak Shariat, Faezeh Moghimpour-Bijani
BACKGROUND: Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is one of the most common diseases in neonates admitted to NICU. For this important cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm neonates, several treatment methods have been used. To date, non-invasive methods are preferred due to fewer complications. OBJECTIVES: Herein, two non-invasive methods of ventilation support are compared: NCPAP vs. NIPPV. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a randomized clinical trial...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
J R Azevedo, W S Montenegro, A L Leitao, M M Silva, J S Prazeres, J P Maranhao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Karim Abdel Hakim, Abdulla Ismaeel Mohamed, Anis Chaari, Fatima N Abulfateh, Khalid A Alshaikh, William Francis Casey
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life threatening complication of H1N1 pneumonia. According to the Berlin conference guidelines, severe ARDS requires management with early invasive mechanical ventilation. Whether noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) should be attempted in patients with H1N1 pneumonia is still a matter of debate. We report the case of one patient with severe ARDS without other organ failure. The patient was managed successfully using NIPPV. Endotracheal intubation was avoided and the patient was discharged from the intensive care unit (ICU) after 10 days with a successful outcome...
May 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
Sarah Selvadurai, Suhail Al-Saleh, Reshma Amin, Allison Zweerink, James Drake, Evan J Propst, Indra Narang
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To investigate the utility of a brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), classified as isolated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in the absence of adenotonsillar hypertrophy, persistent OSA following adenotonsillectomy, isolated central sleep apnea (CSA) of unclear etiology, OSA with coexisting CSA of unclear etiology, or unexplained nocturnal hypoventilation (NH). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of polysomnography (PSG) and brain MRI data...
May 2, 2016: Laryngoscope
Sarah L Morley
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is a well recognised and increasingly prevalent intervention in the paediatric critical care setting. In the acute setting NIV is used to provide respiratory support in a flexible manner that avoids a requirement for endotracheal intubation or tracheostomy, with the aim of avoiding the complications of invasive ventilation. This article will explore the physiological benefits, complications and epidemiology of the different modes of NIV including continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) and high-flow nasal cannula oxygen (HFNC)...
March 14, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
Raffaele Scala
Flexible bronchoscopy (FBO) and non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) are largely applied in respiratory and general intensive care units. FBO plays a crucial role for the diagnosis of lung infiltrates of unknown origin and for the treatment of airways obstruction due to bronchial mucous plugging and hemoptysis in critical patients. NIPPV is the first-choice ventilatory strategy for acute respiratory failure (ARF) of different causes as it could be used as prevention or as alternative to the conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) via endotracheal intubation (ETI)...
September 2016: Panminerva Medica
Han Eol Cho, Jang Woo Lee, Seong Woong Kang, Won Ah Choi, Hyeonjun Oh, Kil Chan Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pulmonary functions of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), and myotonic muscular dystrophy (MMD) at the onset of ventilatory insufficiency. METHODS: This retrospective study included ALS, DMD, and MMD patients with regular outpatient clinic follow-up in the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine at Gangnam Severance Hospital before the application of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV)...
February 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Xin Yan Hu
Obesity causes major alterations in pulmonary mechanics. Obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery present mechanical ventilation-related challenges that may lead to perioperative complications. Databases were systematically searched for clinical trials of ventilation maneuvers for obese patients and bariatric surgery. Thirteen randomized controlled trials were selected. The quality of the studies was evaluated with the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme tool, and a matrix was developed to present the essential components of the studies...
February 2016: AANA Journal
Louise S Owen, Brett J Manley
The use of nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) as respiratory support for preterm infants is well established. Evidence from randomized trials indicates that NIPPV is advantageous over continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) as post-extubation support, albeit with varied outcomes between NIPPV techniques. Randomized data comparing NIPPV with CPAP as primary support, and for the treatment of apnea, are conflicting. Intrepretation of outcomes is limited by the multiple techniques and devices used to generate and deliver NIPPV...
June 2016: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Dominic Wilkinson, Chad Andersen, Colm P F O'Donnell, Antonio G De Paoli, Brett J Manley
BACKGROUND: High flow nasal cannulae (HFNC) are small, thin, tapered binasal tubes that deliver oxygen or blended oxygen/air at gas flows of more than 1 L/min. HFNC are increasingly being used as a form of non-invasive respiratory support for preterm infants. OBJECTIVES: To compare the safety and efficacy of HFNC with other forms of non-invasive respiratory support in preterm infants. SEARCH METHODS: We used the standard search strategy of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL 2016, Issue 1), MEDLINE via PubMed (1966 to 1 January 2016), EMBASE (1980 to 1 January 2016), and CINAHL (1982 to 1 January 2016)...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Hung-Yang Chang, Kun-Shan Cheng, Hou-Ling Lung, Sung-Tse Li, Chien-Yu Lin, Hung-Chang Lee, Ching-Hsiao Lee, Hsiao-Fang Hung
Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) have proven to be effective modes of noninvasive respiratory support in preterm infants. Although they are increasingly used in neonatal intensive care, their hemodynamic consequences have not been fully evaluated. The aim of this study was to investigate the hemodynamic changes between NIPPV and NCPAP in preterm infants.This prospective observational study enrolled clinically stable preterm infants requiring respiratory support received NCPAP and nonsynchronized NIPPV at 40/minute for 30 minutes each, in random order...
February 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xi-yuan Xu, Jing-ping Yang, Tie-ying Tian, Hui Wang, Ri-na Wu, Hui-fang Song
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation( NIPPy) on the gene and protein expression of biquitin-proteasome of skeletal muscle in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(AECOPD). METHODS: Seven patients with AECOPD by NIPPV were used as the study group, meanwhile, 6 patients with AECOPD who refused NIPPV was the control group. The blood gas analysis, heart rate (HR) and mean arterial pressure (MBp) were monitored before and 14 days after treatment...
September 2015: Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology
Huagang Zhang, Lu Tang, Nan Zhang, Dongsheng Fan
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between site of onset and ventilation dysfunction in Chinese patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. METHODS: The clinical data of 344 patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (SALS) in Department of Neurology of Peking University Third Hospital from January 2009 to September 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. The differences of Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) between groups with distinct site of onset were analyzed...
November 17, 2015: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Danny Cantin, Djamal Djeddi, Vincent Carrière, Nathalie Samson, Stéphanie Nault, Wan Lu Jia, Jennifer Beck, Jean-Paul Praud
Non-invasive intermittent positive pressure ventilation can lead to esophageal insufflations and in turn to gastric distension. The fact that the latter induces transient relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter implies that it may increase gastroesophageal refluxes. We previously reported that nasal Pressure Support Ventilation (nPSV), contrary to nasal Neurally-Adjusted Ventilatory Assist (nNAVA), triggers active inspiratory laryngeal closure. This suggests that esophageal insufflations are more frequent in nPSV than in nNAVA...
2016: PloS One
Serpil Ocal, Ebru Ortac Ersoy, Ozge Ozturk, Mutlu Hayran, Arzu Topeli, Lutfi Coplu
OBJECTIVES: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains a globally significant cause of mortality, although COPD mortality varies from country to country, and across different regions within each country. The primary objective of this study was to determine the mortality rates of COPD patients who present with acute respiratory failure (ARF) to a tertiary care referral center in different stages of their follow-up (ICU, in-hospital and after discharge). The secondary objective was to determine factors associated with mortality in this group of patients...
January 18, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
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