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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685539/respiratory-training-during-rehabilitation-of-acute-organic-fluorine-poisoned-patients-treated-by-non-invasive-positive-pressure-ventilation
#1
L Liu, D Z Liu, Q P Wang, Z L Zhu, H M Li, X Y Lu
This paper aimed to analyze the effects of respiratory training on pulmonary function during the rehabilitation period for acute organic fluorine-poisoned patients treated by non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV). Sixty-two acute organic fluorine-poisoned patients admitted to the Xinxiang Central Hospital, Xinxiang City, China, from May 2012 to March 2016 were selected and randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, with 31 cases in each. Both groups received NIPPV. The patients in the control group exercised daily, while the patients in the observation group received contracting lips-abdominal breathing training...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683216/pulmonary-drug-delivery-following-continuous-vibrating-mesh-nebulization-and-inspiratory-synchronized-vibrating-mesh-nebulization-during-noninvasive-ventilation-in-healthy-volunteers
#2
Jean-Bernard Michotte, Enrico Staderini, Anne-Sophie Aubriot, Emilie Jossen, Jonathan Dugernier, Giuseppe Liistro, Gregory Reychler
BACKGROUND: A breath-synchronized nebulization option that could potentially improve drug delivery during noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) is currently not available on single-limb circuit bilevel ventilators. The aim of this study was to compare urinary excretion of amikacin following aerosol delivery with a vibrating mesh nebulizer coupled to a single-limb circuit bilevel ventilator, using conventional continuous (Conti-Neb) and experimental inspiratory synchronized (Inspi-Neb) nebulization modes...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656097/a-comparative-study-of-the-effect-of-nasal-intermittent-positive-pressure-ventilation-and-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-the-regional-brain-tissue-oximetry-in-premature-newborns-weighing-1500-g
#3
Alireza Sadeghnia, Marzieh Zamani Foroshani, Zohreh Badiei
BACKGROUND: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) provides the capability of monitoring oxygenation levels in cerebral microscopic vessels, enabling the operator to observe the spontaneous changes in the levels of hemoglobin concentration in tissue and interpret the resulting fluctuations. The current study tried to investigate whether brain's autoregulatory mechanisms in premature newborns have the potential to prevent the adverse effects caused by asynchronous changes of pressure in the rib cage...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585472/home-care-organization-impacts-patient-management-and-survival-in-als
#4
Sylvie Lavernhe, Jean-Christophe Antoine, Isabelle Court-Fortune, Nathalie Dimier, Frédéric Costes, Arnaud Lacour, Jean-Philippe Camdessanché
OBJECTIVE: Progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) depends on several factors linked to the disease. However, both the patient's living place and care organization role need to be evaluated. METHODS: We analysed the effect on survival of factors linked to ALS or the socio-geographical context in a prospective cohort of 203 patients followed between 2003 and 2011. RESULTS: Patients were 97 females and 106 males with a mean age of 65...
June 6, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524026/-high-flow-nasal-cannulae-oxygen-in-patients-with-respiratory-failure-a-meta-analysis
#5
Weigang Yue, Zhigang Zhang, Caiyun Zhang, Liping Yang, Jufang He, Yuying Hou, Ying Tang, Jinhui Tian
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy of high-flow nasal cannulae oxygen (HFNC) in patients with respiratory failure. METHODS: Computerized PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, CBM, VIP, Wanfang Database up to March 31st, 2017, all published available randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or cohort studies about HFNC therapy for patients with respiratory failure were searched. The control group was treated with face mask oxygen therapy (FM) or non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV), while the experimental group was treated with HFNC...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476473/decrease-in-delivery-room-intubation-rates-after-use-of-nasal-intermittent-positive-pressure-ventilation-in-the-delivery-room-for-resuscitation-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#6
Manoj Biniwale, Fiona Wertheimer
BACKGROUND: The literature supports minimizing duration of invasive ventilation to decrease lung injury in premature infants. Neonatal Resuscitation Program recommended use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in delivery room for infants requiring prolonged respiratory support. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of implementation of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) using nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) for resuscitation in very low birth infants...
July 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372953/noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-in-the-immediate-post-bariatric-surgery-care-of-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Solomon Tong, Jonathan Gower, Austin Morgan, Kyle Gadbois, Gordon Wisbach
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea is common in morbidly obese patients, and noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) is the standard treatment. Postoperatively, NIPPV is highly effective in preventing hypoxia and apneic episodes; however, the concern of gastric distention leading to increased risk of an anastomotic dehiscence limits universal acceptance. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of the literature to determine if the use of NIPPV during immediate post-bariatric surgery care is safe...
February 20, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287810/evaluation-of-initial-respiratory-support-strategies-in-vlbw-neonates-with-rds
#8
Seyyed Abolfazl Afjeh, Mohammad Kazem Sabzehei, Maryam Khoshnood Shariati, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri, Fatemeh Esmaili
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has brought about a significant change in care and treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. The present study was designed and conducted to evaluate different strategies of initial respiratory support (IRS) in VLBW neonates hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: This prospective study was conducted over three years (March 21, 2011 to March 20, 2014)...
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272226/different-characteristics-of-ventilator-application-between-tracheostomy-and-noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#9
Donghwi Park, Goo Joo Lee, Ha Young Kim, Ju Seok Ryu
The aim of the study was to investigate the appropriate home ventilator settings for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).In total, 71 patients with ALS, who had received either a noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) or tracheostomy positive pressure ventilation (TPPV), were included. Accordingly, patients were divided into 2 groups (the TPPV and NIPPV groups). We retrospectively evaluated the values used in home ventilators for patients with ALS, who had maintained a stable level of CO2 on both the arterial blood gas analysis (ABGA) and transcutaneous blood gas monitoring...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213266/noninvasivepositive-pressure-ventilation-vsinvasive-mechanical-ventilation-as-first-line-therapy-for-acute-hypoxemic-respiratory-failure-in-cancer-patients
#10
Nisha K Rathi, Sajid A Haque, Ron Nates, Alyssa Kosturakis, Hao Wang, Wenli Dong, Lei Feng, Rose J Erfe, Christina Guajardo, Laura Withers, Clarence Finch, Kristen J Price, Joseph L Nates
PURPOSE: The objective was to describe the characteristics and outcomes of critically ill cancer patients who received noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) vs invasive mechanical ventilation as first-line therapy for acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of consecutive adult intensive care unit (ICU) cancer patients who received either conventional invasive mechanical ventilation or NIPPV as first-line therapy for hypoxemic respiratory failure...
June 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146296/nasal-intermittent-positive-pressure-ventilation-nippv-versus-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-ncpap-for-preterm-neonates-after-extubation
#11
REVIEW
Brigitte Lemyre, Peter G Davis, Antonio G De Paoli, Haresh Kirpalani
BACKGROUND: Previous randomised trials and meta-analyses have shown that nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) is a useful method for providing respiratory support after extubation. However, this treatment sometimes 'fails' in infants, and they may require endotracheal re-intubation with its attendant risks and expense. Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) can augment NCPAP by delivering ventilator breaths via nasal prongs. Older children and adults with chronic respiratory failure benefit from NIPPV, and the technique has been applied to neonates...
February 1, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089816/can-high-flow-nasal-cannula-reduce-the%C3%A2-rate-of-endotracheal-intubation-in-adult%C3%A2-patients-with-acute-respiratory-failure-compared-with-conventional-oxygen-therapy-and-noninvasive-positive%C3%A2-pressure%C3%A2-ventilation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Yue-Nan Ni, Jian Luo, He Yu, Dan Liu, Zhong Ni, Jiangli Cheng, Bin-Miao Liang, Zong-An Liang
BACKGROUND: The effects of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) on adult patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF) are controversial. We aimed to further determine the effectiveness of HFNC in reducing the rate of endotracheal intubation in adult patients with ARF by comparison to noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) and conventional oxygen therapy (COT). METHODS: The PubMed, Embase, Medline, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases, as well as the Information Sciences Institute Web of Science, were searched for all controlled studies that compared HFNC with NIPPV and COT in adult patients with ARF...
April 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089799/positive-airway-pressure-therapies-and-hospitalization-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#13
Monica M Vasquez, Leslie A McClure, Duane L Sherrill, Sanjay R Patel, Jerry Krishnan, Stefano Guerra, Sairam Parthasarathy
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease creates a huge healthcare burden. Positive airway pressure therapy is sometimes used in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, but the possible impact on hospitalization risk remains controversial. We studied the hospitalization risk of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease before and after initiation of various positive airway pressure therapies in a "real-world" bioinformatics study...
July 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976361/early-nasal-intermittent-positive-pressure-ventilation-nippv-versus-early-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-ncpap-for-preterm-infants
#14
REVIEW
Brigitte Lemyre, Matthew Laughon, Carl Bose, Peter G Davis
BACKGROUND: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) is a strategy for maintaining positive airway pressure throughout the respiratory cycle through the application of bias flow of respiratory gas to an apparatus attached to the nose. Treatment with NCPAP is associated with decreased risk of mechanical ventilation and might be effective in reducing chronic lung disease. Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) is a form of noninvasive ventilation during which patients are exposed intermittently to higher levels of airway pressure, along with NCPAP through the same nasal device...
December 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849235/randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-nasal-intermittent-positive-pressure-ventilation-and-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-premature-infants-after-tracheal-extubation
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Daniela Franco Rizzo Komatsu, Edna Maria de Albuquerque Diniz, Alexandre Archanjo Ferraro, Maria Esther Jurvest Rivero Ceccon, Flávio Adolfo Costa Vaz
Objective: To analyze the frequency of extubation failure in premature infants using conventional mechanical ventilation (MV) after extubation in groups subjected to nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (nIPPV) and continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP). Method: Seventy-two premature infants with respiratory failure were studied, with a gestational age (GA) ≤ 36 weeks and birth weight (BW) > 750 g, who required tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation...
September 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787611/delirium-is-a-strong-predictor-of-mortality-in-patients-receiving-non-invasive-positive-pressure-ventilation
#16
Ka-Yee Chan, Linda S L Cheng, Ivan W C Mak, Shu-Wah Ng, Michael G C Yiu, Chung-Ming Chu
PURPOSE: Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) has gained popularity over the years in the treatment of acute respiratory failure (ARF). Preliminary evidence suggests that delirium is an important factor contributing to NIPPV failure and death. This study was conducted to evaluate delirium and other associated factors of deaths in patients with ARF requiring the use of NIPPV. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in a specialised NIPPV unit...
February 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783410/survey-of-noninvasive-respiratory-support-practices-in-canadian-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#17
Amit Mukerji, Prakesh S Shah, Sandesh Shivananda, Wendy Yee, Brooke Read, John Minski, Ruben Alvaro, Christoph Fusch
AIM: To evaluate practice variation with respect to noninvasive respiratory support (NRS) use across Canadian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). METHODS: A web-based survey was sent to all site investigators of the 30 level 3 NICUs participating in the Canadian Neonatal Network. The survey inquired about the use of five commonly described NRS modes. In addition, the presence and adherence to local guidelines were ascertained. Descriptive analyses were performed to identify variations in practice...
March 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684419/prospective-economic-evaluation-alongside-the-non-invasive-ventilation-trial
#18
M E Mowitz, J A F Zupancic, D Millar, H Kirpalani, J S Gaulton, R S Roberts, W Mao, D Dukhovny
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness of nasal continuous positive pressure (nCPAP) compared with nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) in the context of the reported randomized clinical trial. STUDY DESIGN: Using patient-level data from the clinical trial, we undertook a prospectively planned economic evaluation. We measured costs, from a third-party payer perspective in all patients, and from a societal perspective in a subgroup with a time horizon through the earlier of discharge, death or 44 weeks post-menstrual age...
January 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644222/biphasic-cuirass-ventilation-for-treatment-of-an-air-leak-after-pneumothorax-in-a-patient-with-nemaline-myopathy-a-case-report
#19
Hitomi Hino, Yuka Suzuki, Eiichi Ishii, Mitsumasa Fukuda
We describe an 11-year-old boy with nemaline myopathy who developed tension pneumothorax while undergoing noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV). The patient developed a persistent air leak after pleurodesis with minocycline hydrochloride and lowering of the NIPPV inspiratory pressure. He required additional respiratory support without the high airway pressures that may aggravate pneumothorax. We provided adequate respiratory support without increasing the positive airway pressure using biphasic cuirass ventilation (BCV), which moved the patient's chest wall by negative pressure...
December 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461201/neoseal-to-prevent-nasal-injury-in-preterm-infants-receiving-oxygen-therapy
#20
Lina Kurdahi Badr, Mirvat Hasan Zeineddine, Hanan Abbas, Lama Charafeddine
PURPOSE: To determine if a foam septum protector prevents nasal injury in preterm infants receiving nasal heated humidified oxygen. DESIGN: A retrospective before and after comparative design was used. SAMPLE: Medical records of 101 preterm infants receiving either nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) or nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) were reviewed; 50 were in the control group and 51 were in the intervention group that had the NeoSeal septum protector applied...
2016: Neonatal Network: NN
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