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Farideh Mohammadian, Alireza Abhari, Hassan Dariushnejad, Alireza Nikanfar, Younes Pilehvar-Soltanahmadi, Nosratollah Zarghami
BACKGROUND: Recently, Chrysin, as a flavone, has revealed cancer chemo-preventive activity. The present experiment utilized the PLGA-PEG-chrysin complex, and free chrysin, to evaluation of the expression of miR-22, miR-34a and miR-126 in human gastric cell line. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine whether nano encapsulating chrysin improves the anti-cancer effect of free chrysin on AGS human gastric cell line. METHODS: Properties of the chrysin encapsulated in PLGA-PEG nanoparticles were investigated by SEM, H NMR, and FTIR...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention
Saeed Samarghandian, Mohsen Azimi-Nezhad, Abasalt Borji, Malihe Hasanzadeh, Farahzad Jabbari, Tahereh Farkhondeh, Mohammad Samini
OBJECTIVES: Chrysin, an active natural bioflavonoid found in honey and many plant extracts, was first known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. The fact that antioxidants have several inhibitory effects against different diseases, such as cancer, led to search for food rich in antioxidants. In this study, we investigated the antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of chrysin on the cultured human breast cancer cells (MCF-7). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cells were cultured in Roswell Park Memorial Institute medium and treated with different chrysin concentrations for three consecutive days...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Ryo Mitsugi, Kyohei Sumida, Yoshiko Fujie, Robert H Tukey, Tomoo Itoh, Ryoichi Fujiwara
Trovafloxacin is an antibiotic that was withdrawn from the market relatively soon after its release due to the risk of hepatotoxicity. Trovafloxacin is mainly metabolized to its acyl-glucuronide by uridine 5'-diphosphate (UDP)-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A1. In this study, we examined whether the acyl-glucuronide is involved in the development of hepatotoxicity. A UGT1A1-induced cell model was developed and the toxicity of trovafloxacin acyl-glucuronide was evaluated. The UGT1A1-induced cell model was developed by treating HepG2 cells with chrysin for 48 h...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Ignacio E León, Juan F Cadavid-Vargas, Agustina Resasco, Fabricio Maschi, Miguel A Ayala, Cecilia Carbone, Susana B Etcheverry
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary tumor of bone, occurring predominantly in the second decade of life. High-dose cytotoxic chemotherapy and surgical resection have improved prognosis, with long-term survival for patients with localized disease. Vanadium is an ultra-trace element that after being absorbed accumulates in bone. Besides, vanadium compounds have been studied during recent years to be considered as representative of a new class of non-platinum antitumor agents. Moreover, flavonoids are a wide family of polyphenolic compounds that display many interesting biological effects...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
Sumathi Thangarajan, Surekha Ramachandran, Priya Krishnamurthy
3-Nitropropionic acid (3-NP) is an irreversible inhibitor of mitochondrial complex-II that causes transcriptional dysregulation, bioenergetics failure, protein aggregation and oxidative damage similar to Huntington's disease (HD) pathogenesis. Chrysin, a bioactive flavonoid reported to have anti-inflammation, antioxidant, vasorelaxant and neuroprotective property. The present study was framed to determine the neuroprotective efficiency of chrysin upon 3-NP induced oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunctions and neurodegeneration...
September 27, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Farideh Mohammadian, Younes Pilehvar-Soltanahmadi, Faraz Zarghami, Abolfazl Akbarzadeh, Nosratollah Zarghami
Chrysin, as a flavone, has showed cancer chemopreventive activity. The present study utilized the PLGA-PEG-chrysin to evaluate the expression of miR-9 and Let-7a in human gastric cells. The structure of nanoparticles and encapsulated chrysin was evaluated using (1)H NMR, FT-IR, and SEM. MTT assay was used for the evaluation of cytotoxicity effect of nanoencapsulated chrysin. Expression levels of miR-9 and Let7-a were studied by real-time PCR. The results demonstrated that chrysin-PLGA-PEG nanoparticles are more effective than pure chrysin in upregulation of miR-9 and Let-7a due to enhanced uptake by cells...
August 10, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Shital Lungare, Keith Hallam, Raj K S Badhan
Central nervous system (CNS) drug delivery is often hampered due to the insidious nature of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Nose-to-brain delivery via olfactory pathways have become a target of attention for drug delivery due to bypassing of the BBB. The antioxidant properties of phytochemicals make them promising as CNS active agents but possess poor water solubility and limited BBB penetration. The primary aim of this study was the development of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) loaded with the poorly water-soluble phytochemicals curcumin and chrysin which could be utilised for nose-to-brain delivery...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Carlos Borges Filho, Cristiano Ricardo Jesse, Franciele Donato, Lucian Del Fabbro, Marcelo Gomes de Gomes, André Tiago Rossito Goes, Leandro Cattelan Souza, Renata Giacomeli, Michelle Antunes, Cristiane Luchese, Silvane Souza Roman, Silvana Peterini Boeira
Chrysin is a flavonoid which is found in bee propolis, honey and various plants. Antidepressant-like effect of chrysin in chronically stressed mice was previously demonstrated by our group. Conversely, neurochemical factors associated with this effect require further investigations. Thus, we investigated the possible involvement of pro-inflammatory cytokines, kynurenine pathway (KP), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) metabolism and caspases activities in the effect of chrysin in mice exposed to unpredictable chronic stress (UCS)...
September 5, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Thibaut Chasset, Tim T Häbe, Petar Ristivojevic, Gertrud E Morlock
Quality control of propolis is challenging, as it is a complex natural mixture of compounds, and thus, very difficult to analyze and standardize. Shown on the example of 30 French propolis samples, a strategy for an improved quality control was demonstrated in which high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) fingerprints were evaluated in combination with selected mass signals obtained by desorption-based scanning mass spectrometry (MS). The French propolis sample extracts were separated by a newly developed reversed phase (RP)-HPTLC method...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Imdat Aygul, Fatma Yaylaci Karahalil, Claudiu T Supuran
Polyphenols are important secondary products of plants with the potential to inhibit carbonic anhydrases. The aim of this study was to investigate the inhibition effects of various phenolic standards, honey, propolis, and pollen species on human carbonic anhydrase I and II. The inhibition values (IC50) of the phenolics (gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, quercetin, catechin, tannic acid, and chrysin) ranged from 0.009 to 0.32 μg/mL, tannic acid emerging as the best inhibitor. The inhibition values of three different types of honey, heather, rhododendron, and chestnut ranged between 2...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
Thibaut Istasse, Nicolas Jacquet, Thomas Berchem, Eric Haubruge, Bach Kim Nguyen, Aurore Richel
Honey polyphenols have been studied with the objective of relating honeys to their floral sources. Initially synthesized by plant, these polyphenols can be found in the plant's nectar, which are collected by bees, which convert the nectar into honey. Consequently, polyphenols constitute minor components of honey. The development of a solid-phase extraction method for honey polyphenols is presented in this study. The technique employs Amberlite XAD-2 adsorbent and was tested on monofloral honeys from six different plants: acacia, chestnut, eucalyptus, thyme, sunflower, and wild carrot...
2016: Analytical Chemistry Insights
Katrin Sak, Kristi Kasemaa, Hele Everaus
Despite numerous studies chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) still remains an incurable disease. Therefore, all new compounds and novel strategies which are able to eradicate CLL cells should be considered as valuable clues for a potential future remedy against this malignancy. In the present study, the cytotoxic profiles of natural flavonoids were described in two human CLL cell lines, HG-3 and EHEB, indicating the flavone luteolin as the most potent flavonoid with half-maximal inhibitory constants (IC50) of 37 μM and 26 μM, respectively...
September 14, 2016: Food & Function
Mirosława Skupińska, Piotr Stępniak, Iwona Łętowska, Leszek Rychlewski, Mirosława Barciszewska, Jan Barciszewski, Małgorzata Giel-Pietraszuk
Tyrosyl-tRNA synthetases (TyrRSs) as essential enzymes for all living organisms are good candidates for therapeutic target in the prevention and therapy of microbial infection. We examined the effect of various polyphenols, alkaloids, and terpenes-secondary metabolites produced by higher plants showing many beneficial properties for the human organism, on bacterial aminoacylation reaction. The most potent inhibitors of Escherichia coli TyrRS are epigallocatechin gallate, acacetin, kaempferide, and chrysin, whereas the enzymes from Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are inhibited mainly by acacetin and chrysin...
August 3, 2016: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
Vanesa A Muñoz, Gabriela V Ferrari, M Paulina Montaña, Sandra Miskoski, Norman A García
Visible-light irradiation of aqueous-ethanolic solutions of Riboflavin (Rf) in the individual presence of the flavone chrysin (Chr) and its complex with Cu(2+) ([Chr2Cu]; 2:1 L:M) generates singlet molecular oxygen O2((1)Δg), that concomitantly interact with both flavone derivatives. Overall (kt) and reactive (kr) rate constants in the order of 10(7)M(-1)s(-1) were determined for the process. Metal chelation greatly enhances the scavenging ability of [Chr2Cu] towards O2((1)Δg) through a mechanism dominated, in >80%, by the physical component...
September 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Fumihiko Hara, Junko Tatebe, Ippei Watanabe, Junichi Yamazaki, Takanori Ikeda, Toshisuke Morita
BACKGROUND: Substantial evidence indicates that molecular hydrogen (H2) has beneficial vascular effects because of its antioxidant and/or anti-inflammatory effects. Thus, hydrogen-rich water may prove to be an effective anti-aging drink. This study examined the effects of H2on endothelial senescence and clarified the mechanisms involved. METHODS AND RESULTS: Hydrogen-rich medium was produced by a high-purity hydrogen gas generator. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were incubated with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) for various time periods in normal or hydrogen-rich medium...
August 25, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
H Z Li, Y H Chen, Y L Fang, L Y Zhong, Q Q Yuan, X Y Xu, J G Cao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether inhibitory effect of chrysin on sphere formation of ovarian cancer stem-like cells(spheroids derived from human ovarian cancer SKOV3 cell line ) is involved in the down-regulating of the protein expression of casein kinase CK2α. METHODS: SKOV3-derived ovarian cancer stem-like cells obtained by suspension culture in stem cell-condition medium using ultra-low adhesion plate were treated with various concentrations (5.0, 10.0 and 20...
July 5, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Qin Tang, Fangling Ji, Jianli Guo, Jingyun Wang, Yachen Li, Yongming Bao
Chrysin, one of natural flavonoid compounds, has recently been found to possess anti-inflammatory, antiallergic and anticancer properties. To increase its anticancer effects, 5 chrysin derivates were synthesized on the base of DNA intercalator structure. The inhibiting effects of chrysin and its derivatives on cancer cells Hela, BGC823, MCF-7, HepG2, and normal cells HEK-293, were evaluated by MTT assays. 5-(2'-amino) phenyl-7-cyclohexanemethylchrysin (Ch-1), a unique chrysin derivate, killed all the cancer cells but kept above 60% survival rate in normal cells HEK-293 at 62...
August 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Mani Renuka, Natesan Vijayakumar, Arumugam Ramakrishnan
Chrysin (5,7-dihydroxyflavone) is a major component of some traditional medicinal herbs present in honey, propolis and many plant extracts. The study was aimed to illuminate the effect of chrysin in the pathogenesis of ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) induced hyperammonemic rat model in a dose dependent manner. Rats were injected with NH4Cl (100mg/kg b.w.) by intraperitonially (i.p) thrice a week for 8 consecutive weeks for the induction of experimental hyperammonemia. Hyperammonemic rats were treated with chrysin by orally at a dose of 25, 50 & 100mg/kg b...
August 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Priyanka Mangal, Pragyanshu Khare, Sneha Jagtap, Mahendra Bishnoi, Kanthi Kiran Kondepudi, Kamlesh Kumar Bhutani
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: As an effort to identify newer anti-obesity lead(s) we have selected 13 plant materials from the six plant species which have been reported in Indian Ayurvedic medicine as remedy against complications affecting glucose and lipid homeostasis. AIM OF THE STUDY: In vitro screening of six Indian Ayurvedic medicinal plants on anti-adipogenic and pancreatic lipase (PL) inhibition assay followed by bioactivity guided isolation from most active plant material...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Hui Zou, Xiaozheng Cao, Qiao Xiao, Xifeng Sheng, Kaiqun Ren, Meifang Quan, Zhengwei Song, Duo Li, Yu Zheng, Wenbin Zeng, Jianguo Cao, Yaojin Peng
Sorafenib, a multi-kinase inhibitor, has shown its promising antitumor effect in a series of clinical trials, and has been approved as the current standard treatment for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). 8-Bromo‑7-methoxychrysin (BrMC) is a novel chrysin synthetic analogue that has been reported to inhibit the growth of various tumor cells and possess properties for targeting liver cancer stem cells (LCSCs) . The present study investigated the synergistic targeting effects on the properties of liver cancer stem-like cells (LCSLCs) by a combination of sorafenib and BrMC in SMMC-7721 cell line...
September 2016: Oncology Reports
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