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Richa Mitra, Bhakti Jariwala, Arnab Bhattacharya, Anindya Das
ReS2 , a layered two-dimensional material popular for its in-plane anisotropic properties, is emerging as one of the potential candidates for flexible electronics and ultrafast optical applications. It is an n-type semiconducting material having a layer independent bandgap of 1.55 eV. In this paper we have characterized the intrinsic electronic noise level of few-layer ReS2 for the first time. Few-layer ReS2 field effect transistor devices show a 1/f nature of noise for frequency ranging over three orders of magnitude...
February 19, 2018: Nanotechnology
Haixiang He, Weimin Zhu, Wenli Su, Lihui Dong, Bin Li
The H+ + H2 reaction and its isotopic variants as the simplest triatomic ion-molecule reactive system have been attracting much interests, however there are few studies on the titled reaction at state-to-state level until recent years. In this work, accurate state-to-state quantum dynamics studies of the titled reaction have been carried out by a reactant Jacobi coordinate-based time-dependent wave packet approach on diabatic potential energy surfaces constructed by Kamisaka et al. Product ro-vibrational state-resolved information has been calculated for collision energies up to 0...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Nmn NikNadia, Chee Wah Tan, Kien Chai Ong, I-Ching Sam, Yoke Fun Chan
Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) neutralization escape mutants were generated with monoclonal antibody MAB979 (Millipore). The VP2-T141I and VP1-D14N substitutions were identified. Using reverse genetics, infectious clones with these substitutions were constructed and tested by neutralization assay with immune sera from mice and humans. The N-terminus VP1-14 is more important than EF loop VP2-141 in acute human infection, mainly because it recognised IgM present in acute infection. The N-terminus VP1 could be a useful target for diagnostics and therapeutic antibodies in acute infection...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
Kentaro Yamamoto, Kazuo Takatsuka
We theoretically studied the chemical principles behind the photodynamics of water splitting: 2H2 O + 4hν + M → 4H+ + 4e- + O2 + M. To comprehend this simple looking but very complicated reaction, the mechanisms of at least three crucial phenomena, among others, need to be clarified, each of which is supposed to constitute the foundation of chemistry: (i) charge separation (4H+ + 4e- ), (ii) the catalytic cycle for essentially the same reactions to be repeated by each of four photon absorptions with a catalyst M, and (iii) the generation of oxygen molecules of spin triplet...
February 19, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Boseok Kang, Haena Kim, Joong Tark Han, Dae Gun Kim, Kilwon Cho
The fine control of graphene doping levels over a wide energy range remains a challenging issue for the electronic applications of graphene. Here, the controllable doping of chemical vapor deposited graphene, which provides a wide range of energy levels (shifts up to ± 0.5 eV), is demonstrated through physical contact with chemically versatile graphene oxide (GO) sheets, a 2D dopant that can be solution-processed. GO sheets are a p-type dopant due to their abundance of electron-withdrawing functional groups...
February 19, 2018: Small
Dipendra Khadka, Sushil Prajapati, Sudhamshu Kc, Jeetendra Kaji Shrestha, Niyanta Karki, Bikash Jaishi, Kiran Regmi, Sandip Khadka
INTRODUCTION: Upper gastro-intestinal endoscopy remains the gold standard for screening for esophageal varices but it has its own limitations. It is an invasive, expensive and uncomfortable procedure and needs clinical expertise. Accordingly, this study was conducted to establish the role of non-invasive markers for prediction of esophageal varices in liver cirrhosis. METHODS: A hospital based descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in Liver unit of National Academy of Medical Sciences, Bir Hospital, from October 2016 to September 2017...
October 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
Han Gyeol Park, Tae Jung Kim, Farman Ullah, Van Long Le, Hoang Tung Nguyen, Yong Soo Kim, Young Dong Kim
The dielectric function [Formula: see text] of monolayer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe 2 ) is obtained and analyzed at temperatures from 31 to 300 K and at energies from 0.74 to 6.42 eV. The sample is a large-area, partially discontinuous monolayer (submonolayer) film of MoSe 2 grown on a sapphire substrate by selenization of pulsed laser deposited MoO 3 film. Morphological and optical characterizations verified the excellent quality of the film. The MoSe 2 data were analyzed using the effective medium approximation, which treats the film and bare substrate regions as a single layer...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Leonie de Rond, Edwin van der Pol, Chi M Hau, Zoltan Varga, Auguste Sturk, Ton G van Leeuwen, Rienk Nieuwland, Frank A W Coumans
BACKGROUND: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) in biofluids are potential biomarkers of disease. To explore the clinical relevance of EVs, a specific generic EV marker would be useful, one that does not require antibodies and binds to all EVs. Here we evaluated 5 commonly used generic markers for flow cytometry. METHODS: Flow cytometry (A60-Micro, Apogee) was used to evaluate the ability of the generic EV markers calcein acetoxymethyl ester, calcein acetoxymethyl ester violet, carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE), 4-(2-[6-(dioctylamino)-2-naphthalenyl]ethenyl)-1-(3-sulfopropyl)pyridinium (di-8-ANEPPS), and lactadherin to stain EVs from MCF7 human breast adenocarcinoma cell line-conditioned culture medium [epithelial cell adhesion molecule positive (EpCAM + )] or platelet EVs from human plasma [integrin β3 positive (CD61 + )]...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Chemistry
Collin T Zahler, Hongyu Zhou, Alireza Abdolvahabi, Rebecca L Holden, Sanaz Rasouli, Peng Tao, Bryan Shaw
Quantifying how a protein regulates its net electrostatic charge during electron transfer (ET) is a means of directly measuring factors that contribute to either redox potential and/or reorganization energy. Charge regulation by proteins during ET has never been measured because few tools exist to measure the net charge of a folded protein in solution at different oxidation states. Here, by using protein charge ladders and capillary electrophoresis, we determined that the net charge of myoglobin, cytochrome c, and azurin changed by 0...
February 16, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Bryan A Rosales, Miles A White, Javier Vela
Many technologically relevant semiconductors contain toxic, heavily regulated (Cd, Pb, As) or relatively scarce (Li, In) elements, and often require high manufacturing costs. We report a facile, general, low-temperature, and size tunable (4-28 nm) solution phase synthesis of ternary APnE2 semiconductors based on Earth-abundant and biocompatible elements (A = Na, Pn = Bi, E = S or Se). The observed experimental band gaps (1.20-1.45 eV) fall within the ideal range for solar cells. Computational investigation of the lowest energy superstructures that result from 'coloring', caused by mixed cation sites present in their rock salt lattice agree with other better-known members of this family of materials...
February 16, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Sean T Michaletz
Contents I. II. III. IV. V. VI. ORCID References SUMMARY: Understanding how temperature influences the scaling of physiological rates through levels of biological organization is critical for predicting plant responses to climate. Metabolic theory predicts that many rates increase exponentially with temperature following an activation energy (E) of 0.32 eV for photosynthesis. Here, I evaluate this prediction for net photosynthesis and organ, individual, and ecosystem growth. Observed E for photosynthesis varied widely but was not statistically different from predictions, while E for organs was greater than predicted, and E for individuals and ecosystems only weakly characterized temperature responses...
February 16, 2018: New Phytologist
Jennifer A Noble, Michel Broquier, Gilles Grégoire, Satchin Soorkia, Gustavo Pino, Ernesto Marceca, Claude Dedonder-Lardeux, Christophe Jouvet
Experimental and theoretical investigations of the excited states of protonated 1- and 2-aminonaphthalene are presented. The electronic spectra are obtained by laser induced photofragmentation of the ions captured in a cold ion trap. Using ab initio calculations, the electronic spectra can be assigned to different tautomers which have the proton on the amino group or on the naphthalene moiety. It is shown that the tautomer distribution can be varied by changing the electrospray source conditions, favoring either the most stable form in solution (amino protonation) or that in the gas phase (aromatic ring protonation)...
February 16, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Jeremy A Nowak, Robert J Weber, Allen H Goldstein
The ability to structurally characterize and isomerically quantify crude oil hydrocarbons relevant to refined fuels such as motor oil, diesel, and gasoline represents an extreme challenge for chromatographic and mass spectrometric techniques. This work incorporates two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled to a tunable vacuum ultraviolet soft photoionization source, the Chemical Dynamics Beamline 9.0.2 of the Advanced Light Source at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, with a time-of-flight mass spectrometer (GC × GC-VUV-TOF) to directly characterize and isomerically sum the contributions of aromatic and aliphatic species to hydrocarbon classes of four crude oils...
February 16, 2018: Analyst
Pablo F Siles, Mirunalini Devarajulu, Feng Zhu, Oliver G Schmidt
The tailoring of organic systems is crucial to further extend the efficiency of charge transfer mechanisms and represents a cornerstone for molecular device technologies. However, this demands control of electrical properties and understanding of the physics behind organic interfaces. Here, a quantitative spatial overview of work function characteristics for phthalocyanine architectures on Au substrates is provided via kelvin probe microscopy. While macroscopic investigations are very informative, the current approach offers a nanoscale spatial rendering of electrical characteristics which is not possible to attain via conventional techniques...
February 16, 2018: Small
Li-Ping Cheng, Zhi Wang, Qiao-Yu Wu, Hai-Feng Su, Tao Peng, Geng-Geng Luo, Yan-An Li, Di Sun, Lan-Sun Zheng
A discrete 78-nucleus silver-sulfur nanocluster with a sulfate-centered multishell structure was isolated and characterized. Its crystal structure revealed 18 and 60 Ag atoms in the inner and outer shell, respectively. The inner shell of 18-nuclearity Ag atoms is a very rare convex polyhedron featuring an elongated triangular orthobicupola. The incorporation of a sulfate anion and multishell arrangement in the nanocluster led to a dramatic decrease in the band gap (E g = 1.40 eV). Our study showed that simple anions can also induce the formation of high-nuclearity silver clusters with excellent optical properties...
February 16, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Daniel J Nelson, Allan M Oliveira, W Carl Lineberger
Anion photoelectron spectra of deprotonated indole have been obtained utilizing several photon energies. The slow electron velocity-map imaging spectrum of indolide allows for the determination of the electron affinity (EA) of indolyl, 2.4315 ± 0.0017 eV. The equilibrium geometry of indolide was shown to minimally distort upon photodetachment with only ring distortion vibrational modes of A' symmetry becoming significantly excited. Photoelectron spectra of indolide accessing the electronic ground state of indolyl displayed a photon energy dependence due to electron autodetachment...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Quinton Rice, Bagher Tabibi, Felix Jaetae Seo
The temperature-dependent bandgap of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs, MX2; M = Mo or W; X = S, Se, or Te) is analyzed using the O'Donnell and Chen relation with parameters including the average acoustic phonon energy (〈ħω〉) and the electron-phonon coupling strength (s). Wider (narrower) tunability of the bandgap results from the larger (smaller) electron-phonon coupling strength for a constant acoustic phonon energy. A 1.5 eV bandgap change was observed for weak electron-phonon coupling (s = 2) as well as with the strong electron-phonon coupling (s = 30)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Jae-Myung Jang, Tae-Eon Park, Seung-Dai Kim, Han-Cheol Choe
The modified surface during implantation is considered to be an effective strategy to improve high adhesion of bone cell and osseointegration activity. In this paper, the TiO2 barrier oxide Layer has been fabricated by using the ion characteristic of an electrolytic solution, the surface characteristics have been investigated by EDS, XPS, and FE-SEM. From the analysis of the chemical states, phosphorus and calcium were observed in the TiO2 barrier layer, which were penetrated from the electrolyte into the oxide layer during deposit process...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Phongsaphak Sittimart, Asanlaya Duangrawa, Peeradon Onsee, Sakmongkon Teakchaicum, Adison Nopparuchikun, Nathaporn Promros
n-Type nanocrystalline FeSi2/p-type Si heterojunctions were formed by using facing-target direct- current sputtering at room temperature. The J-V characteristic results revealed that the reverse leakage current is large and the response under illumination of near-infrared light is very weak. The capacitance-voltage-frequency (C-V-f) and conductance-voltage-frequency (G-V-f) measurements were carried out at room temperature in order to estimate the series resistance (Rs) by using the Nicollian-Brews method and the density of interface state (Nss) by using the Hill-Coleman method...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Intu Sharma, Yogita Batra, V Flauraud, Jürgen Brugger, Bodh Raj Mehta
The growth of MoS2 layers of desired dimensions at predefined locations is essential for fabricating opto-electronic devices based solely on MoS2 or on hetero-structures based on MoS2. Here we present a new route for patterned growth of MoS2 by combining radio frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering, stencil mask lithography and vapour phase sulfurization. The present method does not involve chemical etchants and organic photoresist and hence provides a simplified process of achieving MoS2 patterns. Here, the control over the number of layers (mono, few and bulk) of MoS2 is achieved by varying the thickness of Mo films...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
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