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Positional plagiocephaly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848003/positional-plagiocephaly-following-ventriculoperitoneal-shunting-in-neonates-and-infancy-how-serious-is-it
#1
Stuart A G Roberts, Joseph D Symonds, Reema Chawla, Emma Toman, Jonathan Bishop, Guirish A Solanki
PURPOSE: We test the hypothesis that ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt insertion significantly increases contralateral positional plagiocephaly. METHODS: We reviewed 339 children who had a VP shunt inserted at Birmingham Children's Hospital between 2006 and 2013, noting laterality of shunt insertion and frontal or occipital position. We ascertained the presence of post-operative positional plagiocephaly using the cranial vault asymmetry index. Multinomial logistic regression modelling was used to examine relationships between plagiocephaly, shunt position, gender and age...
November 15, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815732/the-course-of-skull-deformation-from-birth-to-5%C3%A2-years-of-age-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Leo A van Vlimmeren, Raoul Hh Engelbert, Maaike Pelsma, Hans Mm Groenewoud, Magda M Boere-Boonekamp, Maria Wg Nijhuis-van der Sanden
: In a continuation of a prospective longitudinal cohort study in a healthy population on the course of skull shape from birth to 24 months, at 5 years of age, 248 children participated in a follow-up assessment using plagiocephalometry (ODDI-oblique diameter difference index, CPI-cranio proportional index). Data from the original study sampled at birth, 7 weeks, 6, 12, and 24 months were used in two linear mixed models. MAIN FINDINGS: (1) if deformational plagiocephaly (ODDI <104%) and/or positional preference at 7 weeks of age are absent, normal skull shape can be predicted at 5 years of age; (2) if positional preference occurs, ODDI is the highest at 7 weeks and decreases to a stable lowest value at 2 and 5 years of age; and (3) regarding brachycephaly, all children showed the highest CPI at 6 months of age with a gradual decrease over time...
November 4, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776089/congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-on-the-role-of-cranial-molding-orthosis-helmet-therapy-for-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly
#3
Mandeep S Tamber, Dimitrios Nikas, Alexandra Beier, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Susan Durham, Paul Klimo, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine Mazzola, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Rachana Tyagi, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: No evidence-based guidelines exist on the role of cranial-molding orthosis (helmet) therapy for patients with positional plagiocephaly. OBJECTIVE: To address the clinical question: "Does helmet therapy provide effective treatment for positional plagiocephaly?" and to make treatment recommendations based on the available evidence. METHODS: The US National Library of Medicine Medline database and the Cochrane Library were queried by using MeSH headings and key words relevant to the objective of this systematic review...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776088/congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-for-the-management-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-the-role-of-physical-therapy
#4
Lissa C Baird, Paul Klimo, Ann Marie Flannery, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Catherine Mazzola
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guidelines are not currently available for the treatment of positional plagiocephaly and, in particular, for the use of physical therapy for treatment. OBJECTIVE: To answer the question: "does physical therapy provide effective treatment for positional plagiocephaly?" Treatment recommendations are created based on the available evidence. METHODS: The PubMed and the Cochrane Library were queried using MeSH headings and key words relevant to the objective of this systematic review...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776087/congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-on-the-management-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-the-role-of-repositioning
#5
Paul Klimo, Patrick Ryan Lingo, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Catherine Mazzola, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: Plagiocephaly, involving positional deformity of the calvarium in infants, is one of the most common reasons for pediatric neurosurgical consultation. OBJECTIVE: To answer the question: "what is the evidence for the effectiveness of repositioning for positional plagiocephaly?" Treatment recommendations are provided based on the available evidence. METHODS: The National Library of Medicine MEDLINE database and the Cochrane Library were queried using MeSH headings and key words relevant to repositioning as a means to treat plagiocephaly and brachycephaly...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776086/congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-for-the-diagnosis-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-the-role-of-imaging
#6
Catherine Mazzola, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Paul Klimo, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: No evidence-based guidelines exist for the imaging of patients with positional plagiocephaly. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review and evidence-based guideline is to answer the question, Is imaging necessary for infants with positional plagiocephaly to make a diagnosis? METHODS: The National Library of Medicine Medline database and the Cochrane Library were queried with the use of MeSH headings and key words relevant to imaging as a means to diagnose plagiocephaly...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759675/guidelines-congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-on-the-role-of-cranial-molding-orthosis-helmet-therapy-for-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly
#7
Mandeep S Tamber, Dimitrios Nikas, Alexandra Beier, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Susan Durham, Paul Klimo, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine Mazzola, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Rachana Tyagi, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: No evidence-based guidelines exist on the role of cranial-molding orthosis (helmet) therapy for patients with positional plagiocephaly. OBJECTIVE: To address the clinical question: "Does helmet therapy provide effective treatment for positional plagiocephaly?" and to make treatment recommendations based on the available evidence. METHODS: The US National Library of Medicine Medline database and the Cochrane Library were queried by using MeSH headings and key words relevant to the objective of this systematic review...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759674/guidelines-congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-for-the-management-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-the-role-of-physical-therapy
#8
Lissa C Baird, Paul Klimo, Ann Marie Flannery, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Catherine Mazzola
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guidelines are not currently available for the treatment of positional plagiocephaly and, in particular, for the use of physical therapy for treatment. OBJECTIVE: To answer the question: "does physical therapy provide effective treatment for positional plagiocephaly?" Treatment recommendations are created based on the available evidence. METHODS: The PubMed and the Cochrane Library were queried using MeSH headings and key words relevant to the objective of this systematic review...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759673/guidelines-congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-on-the-management-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-the-role-of-repositioning
#9
Paul Klimo, Patrick Ryan Lingo, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Catherine Mazzola, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: Plagiocephaly, involving positional deformity of the calvarium in infants, is one of the most common reasons for pediatric neurosurgical consultation. OBJECTIVE: To answer the question: "what is the evidence for the effectiveness of repositioning for positional plagiocephaly?" Treatment recommendations are provided based on the available evidence. METHODS: The National Library of Medicine MEDLINE database and the Cochrane Library were queried using MeSH headings and key words relevant to repositioning as a means to treat plagiocephaly and brachycephaly...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759672/guidelines-congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-for-the-diagnosis-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-the-role-of-imaging
#10
Catherine Mazzola, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Paul Klimo, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: No evidence-based guidelines exist for the imaging of patients with positional plagiocephaly. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review and evidence-based guideline is to answer the question, Is imaging necessary for infants with positional plagiocephaly to make a diagnosis? METHODS: The National Library of Medicine Medline database and the Cochrane Library were queried with the use of MeSH headings and key words relevant to imaging as a means to diagnose plagiocephaly...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759671/congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-executive-summary
#11
Ann Marie Flannery, Mandeep S Tamber, Catherine Mazzola, Paul Klimo, Lissa C Baird, Rachana Tyagi, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas
BACKGROUND: Positional plagiocephaly is a common problem seen by pediatricians, pediatric neurologists, and pediatric neurosurgeons. OBJECTIVE: To create evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of pediatric positional plagiocephaly. METHODS: This guideline was prepared by the Plagiocephaly Guideline Task Force, a multidisciplinary team made up of physician volunteers (clinical experts), medical librarians, and clinical guidelines specialists...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756665/non-synostotic-posterior-brachycephaly-with-hindbrain-herniation
#12
Omar N Pathmanaban, Kerry A Burke, Paul Leach, John Thorne, Ian D Kamaly-Asl
BACKGROUND: Positional plagiocephaly is the most common cause of cranial asymmetry. The underlying cause of Chiari-1 malformation has many possible theories, and anecdotally some pediatric neurosurgeons have had experience of severe cases of positional brachycephaly with Chiari-1. However, to date there have been no published cases linking non-synostotic plagiocephaly with Chiari-1 malformation. CASE DESCRIPTION: An 18-month-old boy presented with a head injury...
October 15, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751830/promoting-ossification-of-calvarial-defects-in-craniosynostosis-surgery-by-demineralized-bone-plate-and-bone-dust-in-different-age-groups
#13
M Savolainen, A Ritvanen, J Hukki, P Vuola, J Telkkä, J Leikola
Correction of calvarial defects after calvarial vault reconstruction (CVR) is challenging in craniosynostosis patients of advanced age and typically employs autologous bone. Demineralized bone matrix (DBM) is a potential alternative material for autologous bone, but its use has not been extended to correct calvarial defects. CVR patients operated at the Department of Plastic Surgery, Helsinki University Hospital, during 2008-2010 were retrospectively reviewed. Inclusion criteria of the study were CVR patients who received DBM plate, with or without bone dust, on calvarial defects and who had suitable uncovered defect on the contralateral side as control...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718070/neurological-assessment-of-chinese-infants-with-positional-plagiocephaly-using-a-chinese-version-of-the-infant-neurological-international-battery-infanib
#14
Xue-Qing Zhao, Li-Yan Wang, Cong-Min Zhao, Qing Men, Zhi-Feng Wu, Yu-Ping Zhang
PURPOSE: Positional plagiocephaly (PP) is the most common subtype of asymmetric deformity in the infant skull. Cumulative evidence has demonstrated that PP is associated with abnormal neuromotor development; however, neurological assessment scores of infants with PP have not been well established, and PP has not attracted sufficient attention in China. This study used a Chinese version of the Infant Neurological International Battery (INFANIB) to identify neurological abnormalities among infants with PP and to determine the differences between infants with different (mild, moderate, and severe) degrees of PP...
October 7, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624627/the-course-of-positional-cranial-deformation-from-3-to-12%C3%A2-months-of-age-and-associated-risk-factors-a-follow-up-with-3d-imaging
#15
Henri Aarnivala, Ville Vuollo, Virpi Harila, Tuomo Heikkinen, Pertti Pirttiniemi, Lasse Holmström, A Marita Valkama
: Deformational plagiocephaly is reported in up to 46.6 % of healthy infants, with the highest point prevalence at around 3 months of age. Few prospective studies on the natural course of skull deformation have been conducted, and we know of no studies using 3D imaging starting from the highest point prevalence period. In this prospective, population-based cohort study, we describe the course of cranial asymmetry and shape in an unselected population using 3D stereophotogrammetry and investigate factors associated with late cranial deformation and failure to recover from previous deformation...
September 13, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595190/surgical-correction-of-lambdoid-synostosis-new-technique-and-first-results
#16
Jan-Falco Wilbrand, Hans-Peter Howaldt, Marcus Reinges, Petros Christophis
OBJECTIVE: Premature craniosynostosis of the lambdoid suture is rare. The use of differential diagnosis to rule out positional occipital plagiocephaly is crucial. Nevertheless, once diagnosed, lambdoid craniosynostosis requires corrective surgery to prevent intracranial harm and aesthetic stigma by significant dyscrania. Operative correction of the lambdoid fusion is often performed by suturectomy and helmet therapy, total occipital remodeling interventions, transposition of occipital bone flaps, or occipital advancement procedures either with or without distraction osteogenesis...
August 6, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595189/therapy-effects-of-head-orthoses-in-positional-plagiocephaly
#17
Klaus W W Dörhage, Benedicta E Beck-Broichsitter, Vera von Grabe, Annalena Sonntag, Stephan T Becker, Jörg Wiltfang
PURPOSE: Head orthoses offer a valuable therapeutic option for infants with positional plagiocephaly. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the influence of therapy start and duration due to improvement of cranial asymmetry. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 102 children during the years 2009-2014 were included. The patient cohort was divided according to age at the beginning of therapy (younger/older than 7.5 months) and duration (less/more than 150 days)...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504717/positional-plagiocephaly-reduces-parental-adherence-to-sids-guidelines-and-inundates-the-health-system
#18
A Martiniuk, J Jacob, N Faruqui, W Yu
BACKGROUND: This study sought to better understand parent, grandparent and clinician views of prevention, treatment and costs of plagiocephaly. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted using focus groups and semi-structured interviews. A grounded theory approach was taken to build theories from the qualitative data collected. A subjectivist epistemological orientation was taken under the paradigm of positivism. RESULTS: Ninety-one parents, 6 grandparents and 24 clinicians were recruited from the community as well as primary and tertiary care clinics...
August 9, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329908/repercussions-of-plagiocephaly-on-posture-muscle-flexibility-and-balance-in-children-aged-3-5%C3%A2-years-old
#19
Irene Cabrera-Martos, Marie Carmen Valenza, Gerald Valenza-Demet, Ángela Benítez-Feliponi, Concepción Robles-Vizcaíno, Ángeles Ruiz-Extremera
AIM: The objective of the study was to assess posture, muscle flexibility and balance in children aged 3-5 years old with a history of nonsynostotic plagiocephaly. METHODS: Fifty-two children with previous history of plagiocephaly were evaluated, along with 52 control subjects matched for age, sex, height, weight and physical activity. The outcome measures included static posture, assessed through the measurement of angles and distances between anatomical landmarks; muscle flexibility, evaluated with the Stibor, Shober and finger-to-floor distance tests and balance, assessed by the Pediatric Balance Scale...
May 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27235679/use-of-the-cranial-cup-to-correct-positional-head-shape-deformities-in%C3%A2-hospitalized-premature-infants
#20
Aimee Knorr, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Courtney L Porter, Emily Serino, Michele DeGrazia
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility, effectiveness, and safety of the cranial cup for the correction of visible head shape deformities in premature infants. DESIGN: A prospective descriptive research design. SETTING: Two study sites, an urban Level 4 NICU and a suburban Level 2 special care nursery. PARTICIPANTS: The study sample consisted of 23 neonates and infants with deformational plagiocephaly who were born at less than or equal to 35 weeks gestation, weighed greater than 1 kg, and were in the convalescent phase (stable) of their hospitalizations...
July 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
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