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Positional plagiocephaly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104626/deformational-plagiocephaly-in-normal-infants-a-systematic-review-of-causes-and-hypotheses
#1
Freia De Bock, Volker Braun, Herbert Renz-Polster
BACKGROUND: Deformational plagiocephaly (DP) is one of the most prevalent abnormal findings in infants and a frequent reason for parents to seek paediatric advice. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature and identify evidence and hypotheses on the aetiology and determinants of DP in otherwise healthy infants. DESIGN: Systematic keyword search in all major biomedical databases to identify peer-reviewed publications reporting (a) empirical research or (b) hypotheses on the aetiology of DP in healthy, term infants...
January 19, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045817/review-of-5-articles-of-congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-articles-in-neurosurgery-79-e623-e633-2016
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009719/plagiocephaly-and-developmental-delay-a-systematic-review
#3
Alexandra L C Martiniuk, Cassandra Vujovich-Dunn, Miles Park, William Yu, Barbara R Lucas
OBJECTIVE: Deformational plagiocephaly (includes plagiocephaly and brachycephaly) is a common pediatric condition. Infants who present with altered head shape often experience developmental delay. It is uncertain how common developmental delay is in infants with plagiocephaly and how sustained this is, when present. This review explores the association between plagiocephaly and developmental delay to guide clinical practice. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review was conducted...
January 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940801/systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935564/high-prevalence-of-cranial-asymmetry-exists-in-infants-with-neonatal-brachial-plexus-palsy
#5
Megan Tang, Kimberly A Gorbutt, Ammanath Peethambaran, Lynda Yang, Virginia S Nelson, Kate Wan-Chu Chang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to: 1) evaluate the prevalence of cranial asymmetry (positional plagiocephaly) in infants with neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP); 2) examine the association of patient demographics, arm function, and NBPP-related factors to positional plagiocephaly; and 3) determine percentage of spontaneous recovery from positional plagiocephaly and its association with arm function. METHODS: Infants < 1 year of age with NBPP and no previous exposure to plagiocephaly cranial remolding therapy or surgical intervention were recruited for this prospective cross-sectional study...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848003/positional-plagiocephaly-following-ventriculoperitoneal-shunting-in-neonates-and-infancy-how-serious-is-it
#6
Stuart A G Roberts, Joseph D Symonds, Reema Chawla, Emma Toman, Jonathan Bishop, Guirish A Solanki
PURPOSE: We test the hypothesis that ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt insertion significantly increases contralateral positional plagiocephaly. METHODS: We reviewed 339 children who had a VP shunt inserted at Birmingham Children's Hospital between 2006 and 2013, noting laterality of shunt insertion and frontal or occipital position. We ascertained the presence of post-operative positional plagiocephaly using the cranial vault asymmetry index. Multinomial logistic regression modelling was used to examine relationships between plagiocephaly, shunt position, gender and age...
November 15, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815732/the-course-of-skull-deformation-from-birth-to-5%C3%A2-years-of-age-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Leo A van Vlimmeren, Raoul Hh Engelbert, Maaike Pelsma, Hans Mm Groenewoud, Magda M Boere-Boonekamp, Maria Wg Nijhuis-van der Sanden
: In a continuation of a prospective longitudinal cohort study in a healthy population on the course of skull shape from birth to 24 months, at 5 years of age, 248 children participated in a follow-up assessment using plagiocephalometry (ODDI-oblique diameter difference index, CPI-cranio proportional index). Data from the original study sampled at birth, 7 weeks, 6, 12, and 24 months were used in two linear mixed models. MAIN FINDINGS: (1) if deformational plagiocephaly (ODDI <104%) and/or positional preference at 7 weeks of age are absent, normal skull shape can be predicted at 5 years of age; (2) if positional preference occurs, ODDI is the highest at 7 weeks and decreases to a stable lowest value at 2 and 5 years of age; and (3) regarding brachycephaly, all children showed the highest CPI at 6 months of age with a gradual decrease over time...
January 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776089/congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-on-the-role-of-cranial-molding-orthosis-helmet-therapy-for-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly
#8
Mandeep S Tamber, Dimitrios Nikas, Alexandra Beier, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Susan Durham, Paul Klimo, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine Mazzola, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Rachana Tyagi, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: No evidence-based guidelines exist on the role of cranial-molding orthosis (helmet) therapy for patients with positional plagiocephaly. OBJECTIVE: To address the clinical question: "Does helmet therapy provide effective treatment for positional plagiocephaly?" and to make treatment recommendations based on the available evidence. METHODS: The US National Library of Medicine Medline database and the Cochrane Library were queried by using MeSH headings and key words relevant to the objective of this systematic review...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776088/congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-for-the-management-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-the-role-of-physical-therapy
#9
Lissa C Baird, Paul Klimo, Ann Marie Flannery, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Catherine Mazzola
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guidelines are not currently available for the treatment of positional plagiocephaly and, in particular, for the use of physical therapy for treatment. OBJECTIVE: To answer the question: "does physical therapy provide effective treatment for positional plagiocephaly?" Treatment recommendations are created based on the available evidence. METHODS: The PubMed and the Cochrane Library were queried using MeSH headings and key words relevant to the objective of this systematic review...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776087/congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-on-the-management-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-the-role-of-repositioning
#10
Paul Klimo, Patrick Ryan Lingo, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Catherine Mazzola, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: Plagiocephaly, involving positional deformity of the calvarium in infants, is one of the most common reasons for pediatric neurosurgical consultation. OBJECTIVE: To answer the question: "what is the evidence for the effectiveness of repositioning for positional plagiocephaly?" Treatment recommendations are provided based on the available evidence. METHODS: The National Library of Medicine MEDLINE database and the Cochrane Library were queried using MeSH headings and key words relevant to repositioning as a means to treat plagiocephaly and brachycephaly...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776086/congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-for-the-diagnosis-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-the-role-of-imaging
#11
Catherine Mazzola, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Paul Klimo, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: No evidence-based guidelines exist for the imaging of patients with positional plagiocephaly. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review and evidence-based guideline is to answer the question, Is imaging necessary for infants with positional plagiocephaly to make a diagnosis? METHODS: The National Library of Medicine Medline database and the Cochrane Library were queried with the use of MeSH headings and key words relevant to imaging as a means to diagnose plagiocephaly...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759675/guidelines-congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-on-the-role-of-cranial-molding-orthosis-helmet-therapy-for-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly
#12
Mandeep S Tamber, Dimitrios Nikas, Alexandra Beier, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Susan Durham, Paul Klimo, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine Mazzola, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Rachana Tyagi, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: No evidence-based guidelines exist on the role of cranial-molding orthosis (helmet) therapy for patients with positional plagiocephaly. OBJECTIVE: To address the clinical question: "Does helmet therapy provide effective treatment for positional plagiocephaly?" and to make treatment recommendations based on the available evidence. METHODS: The US National Library of Medicine Medline database and the Cochrane Library were queried by using MeSH headings and key words relevant to the objective of this systematic review...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759674/guidelines-congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-for-the-management-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-the-role-of-physical-therapy
#13
Lissa C Baird, Paul Klimo, Ann Marie Flannery, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Catherine Mazzola
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guidelines are not currently available for the treatment of positional plagiocephaly and, in particular, for the use of physical therapy for treatment. OBJECTIVE: To answer the question: "does physical therapy provide effective treatment for positional plagiocephaly?" Treatment recommendations are created based on the available evidence. METHODS: The PubMed and the Cochrane Library were queried using MeSH headings and key words relevant to the objective of this systematic review...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759673/guidelines-congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-on-the-management-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-the-role-of-repositioning
#14
Paul Klimo, Patrick Ryan Lingo, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Catherine Mazzola, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: Plagiocephaly, involving positional deformity of the calvarium in infants, is one of the most common reasons for pediatric neurosurgical consultation. OBJECTIVE: To answer the question: "what is the evidence for the effectiveness of repositioning for positional plagiocephaly?" Treatment recommendations are provided based on the available evidence. METHODS: The National Library of Medicine MEDLINE database and the Cochrane Library were queried using MeSH headings and key words relevant to repositioning as a means to treat plagiocephaly and brachycephaly...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759672/guidelines-congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-for-the-diagnosis-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-the-role-of-imaging
#15
Catherine Mazzola, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Paul Klimo, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: No evidence-based guidelines exist for the imaging of patients with positional plagiocephaly. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review and evidence-based guideline is to answer the question, Is imaging necessary for infants with positional plagiocephaly to make a diagnosis? METHODS: The National Library of Medicine Medline database and the Cochrane Library were queried with the use of MeSH headings and key words relevant to imaging as a means to diagnose plagiocephaly...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759671/congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-executive-summary
#16
Ann Marie Flannery, Mandeep S Tamber, Catherine Mazzola, Paul Klimo, Lissa C Baird, Rachana Tyagi, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas
BACKGROUND: Positional plagiocephaly is a common problem seen by pediatricians, pediatric neurologists, and pediatric neurosurgeons. OBJECTIVE: To create evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of pediatric positional plagiocephaly. METHODS: This guideline was prepared by the Plagiocephaly Guideline Task Force, a multidisciplinary team made up of physician volunteers (clinical experts), medical librarians, and clinical guidelines specialists...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756665/non-synostotic-posterior-brachycephaly-with-hindbrain-herniation
#17
Omar N Pathmanaban, Kerry A Burke, Paul Leach, John Thorne, Ian D Kamaly-Asl
BACKGROUND: Positional plagiocephaly is the most common cause of cranial asymmetry. The underlying cause of Chiari-1 malformation has many possible theories, and anecdotally some pediatric neurosurgeons have had experience of severe cases of positional brachycephaly with Chiari-1. However, to date there have been no published cases linking non-synostotic plagiocephaly with Chiari-1 malformation. CASE DESCRIPTION: An 18-month-old boy presented with a head injury...
October 15, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751830/promoting-ossification-of-calvarial-defects-in-craniosynostosis-surgery-by-demineralized-bone-plate-and-bone-dust-in-different-age-groups
#18
M Savolainen, A Ritvanen, J Hukki, P Vuola, J Telkkä, J Leikola
Correction of calvarial defects after calvarial vault reconstruction (CVR) is challenging in craniosynostosis patients of advanced age and typically employs autologous bone. Demineralized bone matrix (DBM) is a potential alternative material for autologous bone, but its use has not been extended to correct calvarial defects. CVR patients operated at the Department of Plastic Surgery, Helsinki University Hospital, during 2008-2010 were retrospectively reviewed. Inclusion criteria of the study were CVR patients who received DBM plate, with or without bone dust, on calvarial defects and who had suitable uncovered defect on the contralateral side as control...
January 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718070/neurological-assessment-of-chinese-infants-with-positional-plagiocephaly-using-a-chinese-version-of-the-infant-neurological-international-battery-infanib
#19
Xue-Qing Zhao, Li-Yan Wang, Cong-Min Zhao, Qing Men, Zhi-Feng Wu, Yu-Ping Zhang
PURPOSE: Positional plagiocephaly (PP) is the most common subtype of asymmetric deformity in the infant skull. Cumulative evidence has demonstrated that PP is associated with abnormal neuromotor development; however, neurological assessment scores of infants with PP have not been well established, and PP has not attracted sufficient attention in China. This study used a Chinese version of the Infant Neurological International Battery (INFANIB) to identify neurological abnormalities among infants with PP and to determine the differences between infants with different (mild, moderate, and severe) degrees of PP...
October 7, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624627/the-course-of-positional-cranial-deformation-from-3-to-12%C3%A2-months-of-age-and-associated-risk-factors-a-follow-up-with-3d-imaging
#20
Henri Aarnivala, Ville Vuollo, Virpi Harila, Tuomo Heikkinen, Pertti Pirttiniemi, Lasse Holmström, A Marita Valkama
Deformational plagiocephaly is reported in up to 46.6 % of healthy infants, with the highest point prevalence at around 3 months of age. Few prospective studies on the natural course of skull deformation have been conducted, and we know of no studies using 3D imaging starting from the highest point prevalence period. In this prospective, population-based cohort study, we describe the course of cranial asymmetry and shape in an unselected population using 3D stereophotogrammetry and investigate factors associated with late cranial deformation and failure to recover from previous deformation...
December 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
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