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Ulcerative colitis pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364914/relation-of-body-mass-index-to-risk-of-developing-inflammatory-bowel-disease-amongst-women-in-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#1
Michael Mendall, Maria Christina Harpsøe, Devinder Kumar, Mikael Andersson, Tine Jess
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) has traditionally been associated with weight loss and low BMI, yet paradoxically obesity has recently been suggested as a risk factor for CD, but not for ulcerative colitis (UC). We therefore hypothesized that the relation between BMI and CD is U shaped. AIM: To conduct a large population-based prospective cohort study of BMI and later risk of IBD, taking age at IBD diagnosis into account. METHODS: A cohort of 74,512 women from the Danish National Birth Cohort, with BMI measured pre-pregnancy and 18 months after delivery, was followed for 1,022,250 person-years for development of IBD, according to the Danish National Patient Register...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361085/the-influence-of-hormonal-fluctuation-on-inflammatory-bowel-disease-symptom-severity-a-cross-sectional-cohort-study
#2
Vineet S Rolston, Laleh Boroujerdi, Millie D Long, Dermot P B McGovern, Wenli Chen, Christopher F Martin, Robert S Sandler, John D Carmichael, Marla Dubinsky, Gil Y Melmed
Background: Many women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) report changes in symptoms in association with hormonal changes during menses, pregnancy, and hormonal contraceptive use, suggesting a hormonal influence on disease activity. We aimed to identify and characterize IBD symptom fluctuations in women during times of hormonal variation. Methods: From June 2012 through September 2012, women enrolled in Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America Partners , an online Internet cohort of patients with IBD, were invited to participate in this study...
January 18, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357999/recommendations-of-the-spanish-working-group-on-crohn-s-disease-and-ulcerative-colitis-geteccu-on-the-use-of-tiopurines-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#3
Fernando Bermejo, Mariam Aguas, María Chaparro, Eugeni Domènech, Ana Echarri, Esther Garcia-Planella, Iván Guerra, Javier P Gisbert, Antonio López-Sanromán
Thiopurines (azathioprine and mercaptopurine) are widely used in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. In this paper, we review the main indications for their use, as well as practical aspects on efficacy, safety and method of administration. They are mainly used to maintain remission in steroid-dependent disease or with ciclosporin to control a severe ulcerative colitis flare-up, as well as to prevent postoperative Crohn's disease recurrence, and also in combination therapy with biologics. About 30-40% of patients will not respond to treatment and 10-20% will not tolerate it due to adverse effects...
January 18, 2018: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341431/risk-of-infantile-hemangiomas-in-the-offspring-of-women-with-autoimmune-disease-and-the-pathogenic-implications-of-these-lesions
#4
Chelsey J F Smith, Kenneth L Jones, Diana L Johnson, Gretchen Bandoli, Loan K Robinson, Arthur Kavanaugh, Christina D Chambers
The purpose of this study was to analyze the risk of maternal autoimmune disease or associated treatments on infantile hemangiomas (IHs), a common benign vascular tumor in infants, and to better understand how maternal chronic inflammation may play a factor in the pathogenesis of these lesions. Eligible women from the United States and Canada who enrolled before 19 weeks' gestation and delivered at least one live born infant were recruited as part of the Organization of Teratology Information Specialists (OTIS) Autoimmune Disease in Pregnancy Project from 2004-2013...
January 17, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324599/risk-factors-incidence-and-morbidity-associated-with-obstetric-clostridium-difficile-infection
#5
Jacob Ruiter-Ligeti, Sophie Vincent, Nicholas Czuzoj-Shulman, Haim Arie Abenhaim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk factors, incidence, and morbidity associated with the diagnosis of obstetric Clostridium difficile infection. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study on women admitted for delivery using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample from the United States. The delivery admission records of pregnant women were reviewed between 1999 and 2013. After adjusting for demographic and clinical characteristics, we assessed risk factors for the diagnosis of C difficile infection using unconditional logistic regression...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321166/fetal-and-early-life-antibiotics-exposure-and-very-early-onset-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-population-based-study
#6
Anne K Örtqvist, Cecilia Lundholm, Jonas Halfvarson, Jonas F Ludvigsson, Catarina Almqvist
OBJECTIVE: Earlier studies on antibiotics exposure and development of IBD (Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC)) may have been biased by familial factors and gastroenteritis. We aimed to estimate the association between antibiotics during pregnancy or infantile age and very early onset (VEO) IBD. DESIGN: In this cohort study of 827 239 children born in Sweden between 2006 and 2013, we examined the link between exposure to systemic antibiotics and VEO-IBD (diagnosis <6 years of age), using Cox proportional hazard regression models...
January 10, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150304/are-the-estrogenic-hormonal-effects-of-environmental-toxins-affecting-small-intestinal-bacterial-and-microfilaria-overgrowth
#7
Edward Lichten
The important role of microfilaria (worms) in human and animal disease remains an area of key disagreement between the naturopathic and allopathic physicians. While microfilaria infections are rampart in undeveloped countries, they rarely rise to identification as a cause of disease in Western countries. New research studies in the diagnosis and treatment of SIBO (Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth) and (IBD) Inflammatory Bowel Diseases of ulcerative colitis, Crohn's Disease and microcytic colitis may make both sides equally correct...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033411/relationship-between-the-clinical-course-of-ulcerative-colitis-during-pregnancy-and-the-outcomes-of-pregnancy-a-retrospective-evaluation
#8
Ayumi Ito, Bunei Iizuka, Teppei Omori, Shinichi Nakamura, Katsutoshi Tokushige
Background Little information is available on the relationship between the clinical course of ulcerative colitis (UC) and the outcomes of pregnancy and delivery in pregnant Japanese women. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the factors that influence pregnancy and childbirth in middle-aged UC patients. Methods We studied 53 pregnancies in 45 pregnant women with UC who delivered at our department. They included 41 pregnancies that started while in UC remission and 12 pregnancies that started in the UC active phase...
October 16, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858439/adherence-to-infliximab-therapy-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-in-a-real-life-setting
#9
Laura Martelli, Anthony Lopez, Sophie Strobel, Silvio Danese, Xavier Roblin, Cédric Baumann, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet
AIM: To assess adherence to infliximab therapy in inflammatory bowel disease patients, to investigate reasons for non-adherence and to identify predictors for non-adherence. METHODS: This observational study was conducted in two French referral university hospitals between September 1(st) and October 31(th) 2011. Patients were systematically asked if they had already delayed or missed an infliximab perfusion since the beginning of the treatment and about the reasons for their non-adherence...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819946/inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-pregnancy
#10
Anna Małgorzata Maliszewska, Aleksandra Warska, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Włodzimierz Sawicki
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) comprising Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC), and IBD-unclassified (IBD-U) may appear at any age. As such, IBD commonly affects young patients in their reproductive age. Rate of voluntary childlessness among women with IBD far exceed that of the general population, as patients with IBD fear not only the effect of pregnancy on the course of inflammatory bowel disease, but also the increased risk of the offspring developing the disease, adverse pregnancy outcomes, the effect IBD treatment may have on the health and development of the infant or the risk of relapse during pregnancy and the influence of lactation on child development and disease course...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694133/risk-of-ectopic-pregnancy-in-women-with-inflammatory-bowel%C3%A2-disease-a-22-year-nationwide-cohort-study
#11
Punyanganie S de Silva, Helene H Hansen, Sonja Wehberg, Sonia Friedman, Bente M Nørgård
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Few data are available on adverse events of pregnancy in women with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), such as ectopic pregnancy. We assessed the risk of ectopic pregnancy in pregnancies of women in Denmark with IBD compared with those without IBD over a 22-year period. We also examined the disease-specific risks of ectopic pregnancies in pregnancies of women with ulcerative colitis (UC) or Crohn's disease (CD) who underwent IBD-related surgical procedures. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of all women of child-bearing age (ages, 15-50 y) registered in the Danish National Patient Registry with at least 1 pregnancy during the period from January 1994 through December 31, 2015...
July 8, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664741/risk-of-anal-incontinence-in-women-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-after-delivery
#12
J Kozeluhova, J Kotyza, K Balihar, M Krcma, M Cedikova, J Karbanova, V Kalis, E Janska, M Matejovic
AIM: The aim of our prospective study was to evaluate the development of postpartum anal incontinence in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) compared to healthy women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with IBD and healthy controls enrolled in the study from January 1st 2013 to November 30th 2016 and filled in the anal incontinence questionnaire in the beginning of pregnancy and after vaginal delivery. The results were statistically processed using suitable tests...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595993/endoscopic-rescue-treatment-in-a-pregnant-ulcerative-colitis-patient-with-a-severe-colonic-stricture-a-conservative-approach-to-bring-the-pregnancy-to-term
#13
Roberto Di Mitri, Filippo Mocciaro, Antonio Maiorana, Walter Alio, Ambrogio Orlando
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452861/inadequate-gestational-weight-gain-the-hidden-link-between-maternal-ibd-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-results-from-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study
#14
May-Bente Bengtson, Geir Aamodt, Uma Mahadevan, Morten H Vatn
BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are in general prone to weight loss. We explored the risk of inadequate gestational weight gain (GWG), and the impact of GWG on adverse pregnancy outcomes, among mothers with IBD in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa). METHODS: The MoBa with 95,200 mothers enrolled from 1999 to 2008, comprised 217 mothers with ulcerative colitis and 166 with Crohn's disease. Demographics were ascertained through a basic questionnaire before the first ultrasound visit and an IBD history and disease activity during pregnancy through a questionnaire mailed out in 2013...
July 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418207/pyoderma-gangrenosum-in-a-pregnant-patient-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Naoki Takeshita, Akiko Takashima, Hiroaki Ishida, Megumi Manrai, Toshihiko Kinoshita
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare ulcerative skin disease that usually starts as a pustular lesion and rapidly progresses to a painful ulcer with undermined violaceous borders. The occurrence of PG during pregnancy is uncommon. We describe a case of a pregnant patient with PG who was diagnosed as having ulcerative colitis after delivery. Obstetricians need to understand the pathogenesis of PG and its associated conditions because it is important to make a proper diagnosis and provide targeted therapy.
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388848/factors-associated-with-pregnancy-related-knowledge-in-women-of-reproductive-age-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#16
Ko Eun Lee, Sung-Ae Jung, Hyuk Yoon, Sang Hyoung Park, Chang Mo Moon, Eun Soo Kim, Seong-Eun Kim, Suk-Kyun Yang
OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) usually develops at a young age, and many women experience marriage, pregnancy, and delivery during the disease course. We aimed to evaluate the pregnancy-related knowledge of women with IBD in Korea and investigate the associated factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 270 women with IBD, aged 19-45 years, from four tertiary hospitals in Korea were administered a questionnaire comprising 17 questions from the validated Crohn's and Colitis Pregnancy Knowledge Score (CCPKnow) that were translated into Korean...
April 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346274/the-effect-of-disease-activity-on-birth-outcomes-in-a-nationwide-cohort-of-women-with-moderate-to-severe-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#17
Heidi Kammerlander, Jan Nielsen, Jens Kjeldsen, Torben Knudsen, Sonia Friedman, Bente Nørgård
BACKGROUND: Active inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) during conception and pregnancy may increase the risk of adverse birth outcomes. Former studies have examined heterogeneous groups of women with varying degrees of IBD severity. We aimed to examine the effect of active IBD on birth outcomes in a more homogeneous group of women with a moderate to severe disease course. Since in Denmark, moderate to severe IBD is an indication for use of anti-tumor necrosis factor-α therapy, we examined all women who used anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy during pregnancy...
March 24, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342949/use-of-thiopurines-during-conception-and-pregnancy-is-not-associated-with-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-or-health-of-infants-at-one-year-in-a-prospective-study
#18
Shannon L Kanis, Alison de Lima-Karagiannis, Nanne K H de Boer, C Janneke van der Woude
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Most data on the safety of thiopurine therapy for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) during pregnancy come from retrospective studies, which makes it difficult to adjust for confounding factors. We performed a prospective cohort study to determine whether thiopurine use affects pregnancy outcomes or health outcomes of children. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of all women who visited the IBD preconception outpatient clinic at our tertiary health center in The Netherlands from December 2008 through May 2016...
March 22, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332106/inadequate-gestational-weight-gain-predicts-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-mothers-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-results-from-a-prospective-us-pregnancy-cohort
#19
May-Bente Bengtson, Christopher F Martin, Geir Aamodt, Morten H Vatn, Uma Mahadevan
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition and weight loss are common features of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). AIM: To explore the impact of inadequate gestational weight gain (GWG) on adverse outcomes among IBD mothers in the prospective US pregnancy in Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Neonatal Outcomes (PIANO) cohort. METHODS: The PIANO cohort comprises 559 and 363 pregnant mothers with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), respectively, enrolled between 2006 and 2014...
August 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318043/the-effects-of-pregnancy-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-infliximab-and-adalimumab-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#20
C H Seow, Y Leung, N Vande Casteele, E Ehteshami Afshar, D Tanyingoh, G Bindra, M J Stewart, P L Beck, G G Kaplan, S Ghosh, R Panaccione
BACKGROUND: Transplacental transfer of infliximab and adalimumab results in detectable drug levels in the cord blood and infant. AIM: To determine if pregnancy influenced the pharmacokinetics of anti-TNF agents in women with inflammatory bowel disease. METHODS: Twenty-five women from the University of Calgary inflammatory bowel disease(IBD) pregnancy clinic on maintenance infliximab or adalimumab were recruited prospectively with serum bio-banking performed each trimester...
May 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
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