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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400549/case-formulation-using-pattern-based-formulation-methodology-clinical-case-3
#1
Irosh Fernando
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine if pattern-based formulation (PBF) can accurately contribute to case formulation. CONCLUSIONS: The application of three PBFs accurately contributed to the development of this patient's case formulation. The case formulation demonstrated here, and the patterns introduced in this paper, will serve as educational materials for teaching psychiatric case formulation.
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310476/development-of-a-case-formulation-model-for-individuals-who-have-viewed-distributed-and-or-shared-child-sexual-exploitation-material
#2
Hannah L Merdian, Derek E Perkins, Elspeth Dustagheer, Emily Glorney
Increases in the number of arrests of individuals who download or distribute Child Sexual Exploitation Material (CSEM) have highlighted a need to further understand the offending pathways of this offender group. This article describes the development of an aetiological model specific to CSEM offending. Individuals who had viewed, distributed, and/or shared CSEM ( n = 20) were interviewed regarding their life and sexual history, relationships, substance use, offending details, and circumstances leading to their CSEM offending, resulting in seven superordinate themes: Developmental Context, Individual Propensities (risk-related and risk-protective) and Psychological Vulnerabilities, Personal Circumstances, Permission-Giving Thoughts, Internet Environment and Behaviour, Evaluation of Consequences for the Individual, and Desistance...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294732/individual-versus-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-partner-violent-men-a-preliminary-randomized-trial
#3
Christopher M Murphy, Christopher I Eckhardt, Judith M Clifford, Adam D Lamotte, Laura A Meis
A randomized clinical trial tested the hypothesis that a flexible, case formulation-based, individual treatment approach integrating motivational interviewing strategies with cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT) is more efficacious than a standardized group cognitive-behavioral approach (GCBT) for perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV). Forty-two men presenting for services at a community domestic violence agency were randomized to receive 20 sessions of ICBT or a 20-week group cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) program...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195707/icbls-an-interactive-case-based-learning-system-for-medical-education
#4
Maqbool Ali, Soyeon Caren Han, Hafiz Syed Muhammad Bilal, Sungyoung Lee, Matthew Jee Yun Kang, Byeong Ho Kang, Muhammad Asif Razzaq, Muhammad Bilal Amin
Medical students should be able to actively apply clinical reasoning skills to further their interpretative, diagnostic, and treatment skills in a non-obtrusive and scalable way. Case-Based Learning (CBL) approach has been receiving attention in medical education as it is a student-centered teaching methodology that exposes students to real-world scenarios that need to be solved using their reasoning skills and existing theoretical knowledge. In this paper, we propose an interactive CBL System, called iCBLS, which supports the development of collaborative clinical reasoning skills for medical students in an online environment...
January 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082744/case-formulation-using-pattern-based-formulation-pbf-methodology-clinical-case-2
#5
Irosh Fernando, Mahesh Rajasooriya
OBJECTIVES: To teach psychiatric case formulation; to build a repertoire of patterns that can be reused as building blocks in constructing case formulations. METHOD: Pattern-based Formulation. RESULTS: Demonstration of a case formulation and introducing three patterns. CONCLUSION: The demonstration will assist learning case formulation using the Pattern-based Formulation, while the three patterns introduced can be reused when formulating relevant cases...
October 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714778/how-clients-change-emotion-with-emotion-a-programme-of-research-on-emotional-processing
#6
Antonio Pascual-Leone
This paper reviews a body of research that has examined Pascual-Leone and Greenberg's sequential model of emotional processing or used its accompanying measure (the Classification of Affective Meaning States). Research from 24 studies using a plurality of methods examined process-outcome relationships from micro to macro levels of observation and builds support for emotional transformation as a possible causal mechanism of change in psychotherapy. A pooled sample of 310 clinical and 130 sub-clinical cases have been studied, reflecting the process of 7 different treatment approaches in addressing over 5 different presenting clinical problems (including depression, anxiety, relational trauma, and personality disorders)...
July 17, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590207/an-integrative-approach-to-treatment-resistant-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#7
Luke Sy-Cherng Woon, Anita Kanapathy, Hazli Zakaria, César A Alfonso
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that often runs a chronic unremitting course. Treatment outcomes can be unsatisfactory despite the availability of various somatic and psychological therapies. Psychodynamic psychotherapy in combination with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with exposure and response prevention (ERP) could help patients with treatment-resistant OCD achieve better outcomes. An integrative approach can help patients gain insight, strengthen the therapeutic alliance, improve treatment adherence, and provide symptomatic relief when other treatments seem insufficient or have failed...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561257/recommendations-for-use-of-affirmative-psychotherapy-with-lgbt-older-adults
#8
Kate L M Hinrichs, Weston Donaldson
Affirmative therapy is a type of psychotherapy used to validate and advocate for the needs of sexual and gender minority clients. Therapists use verbal and nonverbal means to demonstrate an affirming stance toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) clients. Although this therapeutic approach can be used with LGBT individuals across the lifespan, the case presented in this paper highlights the benefit of using this approach with older LGBT individuals. Discussion of the unique challenges faced by older LGBT people will be followed with an illustrative case that shows ways that affirmative therapy can help individuals achieve greater self-actualization...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558256/-case-formulation-in-early-psychosis-what-are-the-tools-for-teamwork
#9
Philipp S Baumann, Julien Elowe, Nadir Mebdouhi, Alessandra Solida, Philippe Conus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488561/an-integrative-cognitive-model-of-internalized-stigma-in-psychosis
#10
Lisa Wood, Rory Byrne, Anthony P Morrison
BACKGROUND: Internalized stigma is a significant difficulty for those who experience psychosis, but it has never been conceptualized using cognitive theory. AIMS: The aim of this paper is to outline a cognitive model conceptualizing internalized stigma experienced by people who also experience psychosis. METHOD: Previous literature is reviewed, critiqued and synthesized to develop the model. It draws upon previous social cognitive models of internalized stigma and integrates cognitive behavioural theory and social mentality theory...
November 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277041/investigating-an-approach-to-the-alliance-based-on-interpersonal-defense-theory
#11
Michael A Westerman, J Christopher Muran
OBJECTIVE: Notwithstanding consistent findings of significant relationships between the alliance and outcome, questions remain to be answered about the relatively small magnitude of those correlations, the mechanisms underlying the association, and how to conceptualize the alliance construct. We conducted a preliminary study of an approach to the alliance based on interpersonal defense theory, which is an interpersonal reconceptualization of defense processes, to investigate the promise of this alternative approach as a way to address the outstanding issues...
March 28, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273291/an-integrated-neuroscience-perspective-on-formulation-and-treatment-planning-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-an-educational-review
#12
REVIEW
David A Ross, Melissa R Arbuckle, Michael J Travis, Jennifer B Dwyer, Gerrit I van Schalkwyk, Kerry J Ressler
Importance: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common psychiatric illness, increasingly in the public spotlight in the United States due its prevalence in the soldiers returning from combat in Iraq and Afghanistan. This educational review presents a contemporary approach for how to incorporate a modern neuroscience perspective into an integrative case formulation. The article is organized around key neuroscience "themes" most relevant for PTSD. Within each theme, the article highlights how seemingly diverse biological, psychological, and social perspectives all intersect with our current understanding of neuroscience...
April 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186633/introduction-applying-clinical-psychological-science-to-practice
#13
Christine B Cha, Katherine A DiVasto
Mental illness is a prevalent and extraordinarily complex phenomenon. Psychologists have developed distinct approaches toward understanding and treating mental illness, rooted in divergent epistemology. This introduction to the Special Issue on Clinical Psychological Science and Practice provides a brief overview of the scientist-practitioner gap, and explores one step (of many) toward bridging this divide. Seven compelling case illustrations featured in this Special Issue apply empirical findings to case formulation, treatment selection, and assessment across complex and varied clinical presentations...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182839/physical-properties-and-volatile-composition-changes-of-cooked-sausages-stuffed-in-a-new-casing-formulation-based-in-surfactants-and-lactic-acid-during-long-term-storage
#14
Chao-Hui Feng, Cheng Li, Juan Francisco García-Martín, Pradeep Kumar Malakar, Yue Yan, Yao-Wen Liu, Wei Wang, Yun-Tao Liu, Yong Yang
The objective of this research was to investigate the effects of different modified casings and storage time on the quality attributes of cooked sausages using principal component analysis (PCA) and discriminant analysis. The effects of modifying different casing treatments on sausages' color (L(*) , a(*) , b(*) ), pH, and texture (hardness, springiness, cohesion, gumminess, chewiness) after 36-d storage were estimated by PCA. According to the PCA, lightness at day 36 was correlated to sample stuffed in casing with treatment 2 (T2; soy lecithin concentration: 1:27...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032912/thematic-mapping-maps-much-territory-but-needs-stronger-evidence-based-coordinates-a-commentary
#15
Tracy D Eells
Thematic mapping (TM) is a transtheoretical, transdiagnostic, pattern-focused method of case formulation. It involves systematically gathering a broad range relevant client information, collecting representative behavioral episodes, using inductive and deductive reasoning to identify themes and subthemes that characterize a client's dysfunctional patterns, and then developing a treatment plan to address them. The TM method includes debiasing steps to minimize clinician judgment errors and addresses a client's cultural context...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002661/potential-applications-of-the-national-institute-of-mental-health-s-research-domain-criteria-rdoc-to-clinical-psychiatric-practice-how-rdoc-might-be-used-in-assessment-diagnostic-processes-case-formulation-treatment-planning-and-clinical-notes
#16
REVIEW
Joel Yager, Robert E Feinstein
Offering a new framework for understanding and studying basic dimensions of normal and abnormal human functioning and mental disorders, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has initiated the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) project in which a series of higher order domains, representing major systems of emotion, cognition, motivation, and social behavior, and their constituent operationally defined constructs serve as organizing templates for further research and inquiry, eg, to discover validated biomarkers and endophenotypes...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886071/case-formulation-in-young-people-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-first-episode-psychosis
#17
Emma Halpin, Vanessa Kugathasan, Carol Hulbert, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, Sarah Bendall
BACKGROUND: Evidence based treatment interventions for young people with first-episode psychosis (FEP) and trauma histories is lacking. Although case formulation (CF) has been widely regarded in cognitive behavioural therapy manuals as beneficial, there is limited empirical research examining how clients and therapists experience the process. AIM: This study aimed to explore young people's reactions to CF in treatment for PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) and FEP...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816037/maladaptive-cognitions-predict-changes-in-problematic-gaming-in-highly-engaged-adults-a-12-month-longitudinal-study
#18
Cameron J Forrest, Daniel L King, Paul H Delfabbro
Understanding the role of maladaptive gaming-related cognitions may assist in screening and interventions for problematic gaming, including Internet gaming disorder (IGD). Cognitive-behavioural interventions that target specific cognitions related to gaming may be more effective than more general approaches that focus only on preoccupation with games. Although past research has identified cross-sectional associations between maladaptive cognitions and problematic gaming, it is less clear whether these cognitions can predict future changes in problematic gaming behaviour...
February 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812338/systemic-case-formulation-individualized-process-monitoring-and-state-dynamics-in-a-case-of-dissociative-identity-disorder
#19
Günter K Schiepek, Barbara Stöger-Schmidinger, Wolfgang Aichhorn, Helmut Schöller, Benjamin Aas
Objective: The aim of this case report is to demonstrate the feasibility of a systemic procedure (synergetic process management) including modeling of the idiographic psychological system and continuous high-frequency monitoring of change dynamics in a case of dissociative identity disorder. The psychotherapy was realized in a day treatment center with a female client diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and dissociative identity disorder. Methods: A three hour long co-creative session at the beginning of the treatment period allowed for modeling the systemic network of the client's dynamics of cognitions, emotions, and behavior...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804009/a-new-method-for-the-automatic-retrieval-of-medical-cases-based-on-the-radlex-ontology
#20
A B Spanier, D Cohen, L Joskowicz
PURPOSE: The goal of medical case-based image retrieval (M-CBIR) is to assist radiologists in the clinical decision-making process by finding medical cases in large archives that most resemble a given case. Cases are described by radiology reports comprised of radiological images and textual information on the anatomy and pathology findings. The textual information, when available in standardized terminology, e.g., the RadLex ontology, and used in conjunction with the radiological images, provides a substantial advantage for M-CBIR systems...
March 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
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