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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921005/primary-tuberculosis-of-cervix-a-coincidental-finding
#1
Nalini Sharma, Ahanthem Santa Singh, Yookarin Khonglah, Jaya Mishra
BACKGROUND: 95% of Tuberculosis (TB) of the female genital tract (FGT) is located in tissues other than the cervix. A rare case of primary TB of the cervix which was diagnosed coincidently in a patient of endometrioma was reported in this study. CASE PRESENTATION: A 34 year old nullipara, a diagnosed case of endometrioma had a small cervical growth. Pap smear and biopsy was taken and sent for histopathological examination. Her histopathological examination revealed multiple epitheloid cell granuloma and langerhans type giant cell caeseation...
October 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917772/awareness-perceived-risk-and-practices-related-to-cervical-cancer-and-pap-smear-screening-a-cross-sectional-study-among-hiv-positive-women-attending-an-urban-hiv-clinic-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#2
Idah Mokhele, D Evans, K Schnippel, A Swarts, J S Smith, C Firnhaber
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major cause of cancer-related deaths, especially in the context of the HIV epidemic. OBJECTIVE: To examine awareness, perceived risk and practices related to cervical cancer screening among HIV-positive women. METHODS: Interviewer-administered structured questionnaires were administered to HIV-positive women (aged ≥18 years) enrolled in a cervical cancer screening study at the Themba Lethu Clinic, Johannesburg, South Africa, from November 2009 to December 2011...
December 1, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917752/genetic-and-environmental-factors-in-invasive-cervical-cancer-design-and-methods-of-a-classical-twin-study
#3
Dorothy A Machalek, John D Wark, Sepehr N Tabrizi, John L Hopper, Minh Bui, Gillian S Dite, Alyssa M Cornall, Marian Pitts, Dorota Gertig, Bircan Erbas, Suzanne M Garland
BACKGROUND: Persistent high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a necessary prerequisite for development of cervical cancer and its precursor lesion, high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL). However, HPV infection is not sufficient to drive this process, and genetic and environmental factors may also play a role. METHODS/DESIGN: The Cervical Cancer, Genetics and Environment Twin Study was established to investigate the environmental and genetic influences on variation in susceptibility to cervical pre-cancer in 25- to 69-year-old monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins recruited through the Australian Twin Registry...
December 5, 2016: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906806/awareness-of-cervical-cancer-causes-and-predeterminants-of-likelihood-to-screen-among-women-in-haiti
#4
Schatzi H McCarthy, Kathy A Walmer, Joel C Boggan, Margaret W Gichane, William A Calo, Harry A Beauvais, Noel T Brewer
OBJECTIVES: Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in Haiti. Given this high disease burden, we sought to better understand women's knowledge of its causes and the sociodemographic and health correlates of cervical cancer screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 410 adult women presenting at clinics in Léogâne and Port-au-Prince, Haiti. We used bivariate and multivariate logic regression to identify correlates of Pap smear receipt...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894986/application-of-molecular-genotyping-to-determine-prevalence-of-hpv-strains-in-pap-smears-of-kazakhstan-women
#5
Luiza Niyazmetova, Gulzhanat Aimagambetova, Nazigul Stambekova, Zaurech Abugalieva, Korlukain Seksembayeva, Syed Ali, Azliyati Azizan
OBJECTIVES: Human papillomavirus is the main causative agents for cervical cancer. However, few data are available about HPV prevalence in Kazakhstan. The aims of this study were to genotype HPV DNA in Pap smear samples of women to determine prevalence of carcinogenic HPV types in Astana, Kazakhstan and to analyze the association between HPV positivity and the cytology results of patient samples. METHODS: Pap smear materials were obtained from 140 patients aged 18-59, who visited the outpatient gynecological clinic...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891448/can-feulgen-stain-be-a-reliable-biomarker-over-pap-stain-for-estimation-of-micronuclei-score
#6
Manish Kumar, Umesh Chandra Prasad, Betina Chandolia, S M Manjunath, Shiva Basu, Silvie Verma
INTRODUCTION: Malignant transformation of the Potentially Malignant Lesions (PML) in the oral cavity is associated with elevated mortality rate because of its aggressive and exceedingly invasive nature. Meticulous diagnosis and prompt therapy of PML may help prevent malignant conversion in oral lesions. Carcinogenic insult to oral cells results in chromosomal damage and formation of Micronuclei (Mn), before the development of clinical symptoms. AIM: To determine the genotoxic effect of smoking and chewing tobacco on target tissue using Mn assay and to evaluate the prevalence of other nuclear anomalies associated with it and to determine the reliability of feulgen stain for Mn assay over Papaincolau (PAP) stain...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891400/prevalence-of-human-papilloma-virus-infection-in-young-primiparous-women-during-postpartum-period-study-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-northern-india
#7
Alpana Garg, Vanita Suri, Raje Nijhawan, Neelam Aggarwal, Ritu Aggarwal, Charu Guleria, Mili Thakur
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of high-risk Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) prevalence is important for monitoring long-term decrease in cervical cancer after implementation of the prophylactic HPV vaccination. AIM: To determine the prevalence of high-risk HPV infection and cytological abnormalities in young primiparous women in the age group of 16-26years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 214 primiparous women aged 16-26years were recruited from a public tertiary health care center postpartum clinic between June 2013 and May 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886713/automated-classification-of-pap-smear-images-to-detect-cervical-dysplasia
#8
Kangkana Bora, Manish Chowdhury, Lipi B Mahanta, Malay Kumar Kundu, Anup Kumar Das
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present study proposes an intelligent system for automatic categorization of Pap smear images to detect cervical dysplasia, which has been an open problem ongoing for last five decades. METHODS: The classification technique is based on shape, texture and color features. It classifies the cervical dysplasia into two-level (normal and abnormal) and three-level (Negative for Intraepithelial Lesion or Malignancy, Low-grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion and High-grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion) classes reflecting the established Bethesda system of classification used for diagnosis of cancerous or precancerous lesion of cervix...
January 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869917/-method-for-projecting-indicators-for-the-goals-of-the-strategic-action-plan-for-tackling-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-in-brazil-according-to-capitals-and-the-federal-district
#9
Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Betine Pinto Moehlecke Iser, Rosane Aparecida Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: to present the indicators' projection method of the Strategic Action Plan for Tackling Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in Brazilian State capitals and the Federal District, 2012-2022. METHODS: simple linear regression model was used to calculate the indicators' projections with data from the Surveillance System of Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey (Vigitel). RESULTS: in most of the capitals, there was an increase in the prevalence of obesity (annual change: 0...
July 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864938/harms-of-cervical-cancer-screening-in-the-united-states-and-the-netherlands
#10
Dik Habbema, Sheila Weinmann, Marc Arbyn, Aruna Kamineni, Andrew E Williams, Inge McM de Kok, Folkert van Kemenade, Terry S Field, Joost van Rosmalen, Martin Brown
We studied harms related to cervical cancer screening and management of screen-positive women in the United States (US) and the Netherlands. We utilised data from four US integrated health care systems (SEARCH), the US National Health Interview Survey, New Mexico state, the Netherlands national histopathology registry, and included studies on adverse health effects of cervical screening. We compared the number of Papanicolaou (Pap) smear tests, abnormal test results, punch biopsies, treatments, health problems (anxiety, pain, bleeding, and discharge), and preterm births associated with excisional treatments...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864494/a-review-of-the-current-cervical-cancer-screening-guidelines
#11
Alison C Perkins, Elizabeth N Skinner
For many decades, Pap smear screening has been synonymous with well-woman visits. Although Pap smears have greatly decreased the rates of cervical cancer, current guidelines support less frequent screening. This commentary reviews the currently recommended strategies for cervical cancer screening.
November 2016: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863187/cytology-of-primary-vaginal-melanoma-an-unusual-report-on-fine-needle-aspiration
#12
Poojan Agarwal, Manju Kaushal
Primary malignant melanoma of the vagina is an extremely uncommon malignancy comprising of less than 10% malignancies of the female genital tract and 0.3% of all melanomas. Melanoblasts are neural crest derivatives and are notorious for causing primary cutaneous neoplasms. However, they involve virtually every organ of the body including eye, intestines and ocular mucosa, probably due to aberrancies in cell migration. Vagina is a rare site and primary melanoma of the vagina occurs in postmenopausal women with vaginal discharge, bleeding, or mass as common presenting complaints...
November 11, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863182/corpora-amylacea-and-molluscum-contagiosum-on-a-cervical-pap-smear
#13
Kaila Buckley, Zaibo Li
When evaluating a Papanicolaou (Pap) smear, the cytology of the squamous epithelial cells is of utmost importance. This is what cytopathologists use to render a diagnosis, ranging from normal to atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) to high grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, or even squamous cell carcinoma. However, occasionally the pathologist will run into microscopic noncellular material as in our case, such as corpora amylacea on the slides, or even uncommon viral inclusions such as Molluscum contagiosum (MCV)...
November 8, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849280/pap-smear-in-incarcerated-women
#14
Celene Aparecida Ferrari Audi, Silvia Maria Santiago, Maria da Graça Garcia Andrade, Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo Francisco
In Brazil, in 2012, 6.4% of the prison population was made up of women. The aim of the study was to verify the coverage of the Pap smear according to sociodemographic characteristics and health problems reported among incarcerated women. Cross-sectional study conducted from August 2012 to July 2013, considering the records of 702 inmates aged between 25 and 64 years and the duration of imprisonment (not less than 12 months). The average age of the women surveyed was 34.7 years. The performance of cervical cytology was reported by 26...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835758/association-of-cytologic-grade-of-anal-pap-smears-with-viral-loads-of-human-papillomavirus-types-16-18-and-52-detected-in-the-same-specimens-from-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#15
Utaiwan Utaipat, Sumalee Siriaunkgul, Taweewat Supindham, Pongpun Saokhieo, Butsayarat Chaidaeng, Antika Wongthanee, Jongkolnee Settakorn, Kornkanok Sukpan, Darin Ruanpeng, Natthapol Kosashunhanan, Nuntisa Chotirosniramit, Patcharaphan Sugandhavesa, Toshiyuki Miura, Suwat Chariyalertsak
BACKGROUND: Human papilloma virus (HPV) load has been linked to cellular abnormalities of the uterine cervix, and proposed as predictors of HPV persistence and progression of dysplasia to cervical cancer. However, the association of HPV viral load and anal dysplasia and cancer has not been as thoroughly investigated. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of the viral loads of high-risk HPV types 16, 18, and 52, with the cytologic severity grading in anal-swab specimens of MSM with and without HIV-1 co-infection...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831951/use-of-via-pap-smear-or-hr-hpv-testing-in-women-living-with-hiv-aids-for-post-treatment-cervical-cancer-screening-same-tests-different-priorities
#16
Omenge Orang'o, Tao Liu, Astrid Christoffersen-Deb, Peter Itsura, John Oguda, Sierra Washington, David Chumba, Latha Pisharodi, Susan Cu-Uvin, Anne F Rositch
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have addressed optimal follow-up for HIV-infected women after cervical treatment. This study aimed to compare performance of three available tests to detect post-treatment cervical disease in HIV-infected women in Kenya. DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study. METHODS: At least six months following cryotherapy, 517 HIV-infected women were evaluated concurrently with VIA, Pap smear, and HR-HPV testing. Women positive by any test (≥LSIL for Pap) were scheduled for colposcopy and biopsy...
November 7, 2016: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831652/expression-of-e6-e7-hpv-dna-hpv-mrna-and-colposcopic-features-in-management-of-cin2-3-during-pregnancy
#17
A Frega, A Verrone, F Manzara, M Schimberni, A Catalano, G N Milazzo, R Marziani, G Cozza, P Bianchi, D French, F Sesti, D Caserta
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of abnormal cervical cytology in pregnancy is similar to that reported for non-pregnant women. Furthermore, 1% of pregnant women annually screened for cervical cancer will be diagnosed with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) of various degrees. For this reason, Pap smear should be performed in the first trimester of pregnancy. The persistence of HR-HPV infection is related to the development of CIN. However, the relationship between CIN and HR-HPV infection during pregnancy and postpartum can hardly be found...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823728/cervical-pap-smear-screening-is-coming-to-an-end
#18
EDITORIAL
Martin K Oehler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821987/a-study-of-pap-smear-in-hiv-positive-females
#19
Apeksha Madan, Sunita Patil, Leena Nakate
BACKGROUND: HIV-positive females are more likely to have abnormal Pap smears than HIV-negative women. These abnormal Pap smears are usually associated with low CD4 cell counts and human papilloma virus infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective hospital-based study from April 2013 till March 2014. A total of 250 (both symptomatic and asymptomatic) HIV-positive females were examined in Gynaecology OPD at R.C.S.M. G.M.C and C.P.R. Hospital, Kolhapur, and their cervical smears were taken...
December 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802410/a-survey-of-cervical-screening-among-refugee-and-non-refugee-african-immigrant-women-in-brisbane-australia
#20
Judith A Anaman, Ignacio Correa-Velez, Julie King
Issue addressed: To compare the level of cervical screening uptake between refugee and non-refugee African immigrant women living in Brisbane, Australia, and examine factors associated with Pap smear testing. Methods: Cross-sectional survey with a convenience sample of 254 women aged 21-62 years from 22 African countries (144 refugees, 110 non-refugees). Chi-square tests were used to compare the demographic and health-related characteristics between refugee and non-refugee women. Bivariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to assess the relationship between the outcome variable (Pap smear testing) and the independent variables...
October 31, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
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