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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245055/high-proportion-of-abnormal-pap-smear-tests-and-cervical-dysplasia-in-women-with-cystic-fibrosis
#1
Christine Rousset-Jablonski, Quitterie Reynaud, Raphaëlle Nove-Josserand, Isabelle Ray-Coquard, Yahia Mekki, François Golfier, Isabelle Durieu
OBJECTIVES: Insufficient gynecological follow-up and cervical screening has been reported in women with cystic fibrosis (CF). Some of these patients will require a pulmonary transplantation, known to be associated with a higher risk of cervical dysplasia. The aim of this study was to explore the results of cervical screening in adult women with CF, and to report the prevalence of abnormal pap smear tests in this population. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively analyzed medical records of sexually active women with CF who attended a gynecological consultation in Lyon University CF referral center between June 2014 and December 2015...
December 9, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237960/spritzer-for-diagnostic-cytopathology
#2
Rashmi Metgud, Smitha Naik, Shrikant Patel
BACKGROUND: Exfoliative cytology is an easy, economical, noninvasive, and feasible method for early detection and screening program of any premalignant or malignant lesion. In case of routine cytological procedure, classical Papanicolaou (PAP) stain is widely used while Romanowsky stains are sparingly used. Leishman-Giemsa (LG) cocktail, being a easier, cost effective staining technique, has not been used in exfoliative cytology. Therefore, this pilot study was carried out to compare and contrast the role of LG stain in routine cytological procedure which is very cost-effective, less time-consuming and requires less infrastructural support...
October 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235108/initial-results-of-population-based-cervical-cancer-screening-program-using-hpv-testing-in-one-million-turkish-women
#3
Murat Gultekin, Mujdegul Zayifoglu Karaca, Irem Kucukyildiz, Selin Dundar, Guledal Boztas, Hatice Semra Turan, Ezgi Hacikamiloglu, Kamil Murtuza, Bekir Keskinkilic, Irfan Sencan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the Turkey's nationwide HPV DNA screening program on the basis of first 1 million screened women. METHODS: Women over age 30 were invited for population based screening via HPV DNA and conventional cytology. Samples were collected by family physicians and the evaluations and reports had been performed in the National Central HPV laboratories. RESULTS: The acceptance rate for HPV based cervical cancer screening after first invitation was nearly 36...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223946/-quality-of-the-exo-endocervical-sampling-in-the-prevention-of-uterine-cervix-cancer
#4
Anabela A Angeleri, Lili B Díaz, Gisela Coliva, Fernando Guerra, Luis A Palaoro, Adriana E Rocher
Cervical and vaginal cytology, Papanicolaou test (PAP), is the most effective test for screening of preneoplastic lesions, and cervical cancer prevention. Its sensitivity goes from 50 to 98%, according to different statistics, and this variation is related to the sampling procedure. A satisfactory smear should be taken from the transformation zone, the junction between endocervix and exocervix. According to Bethesda, metaplastic and/or endocervical cells should be observed under the microscope. The traditional PAP smear includes an exo-endocervical sampling using the Ayre spatula; however, only near 50% of the smears are representative of the transformation zone...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221944/living-uterus-donation-and-transplantation-experience-of-interest-and-screening-in-a-single-center-in-the-united-states
#5
Liza Johannesson, Kristin Wallis, E Colin Koon, Gregory J Mckenna, Tiffany Anthony, Sara G Leffingwell, Goran B Klintmalm, Robert T Gunby, Giuliano Testa
BACKGROUND: Little is known about attitudes toward uterus donation and transplantation in society and the interest of the women the treatment is aimed to assist. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the interest of recipients and living donors in our uterus transplantation program; it describes the screening protocol we developed and the results of the screening and reports demographic data and characteristics of screened candidates. STUDY DESIGN: Initial screening and evaluation included physical examinations by a gynecologist and a transplant surgeon; psychological evaluation; imaging (x-ray, computed tomography, ultrasound); blood tests; immunological testing; viral, bacterial, and fungal testing; drug screen; hormonal testing; Pap smear; urinalysis; and electrocardiogram...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221494/factors-associated-with-the-achievement-of-cervical-smears-by-general-practitioners
#6
Michaël Rochoy, Thibaut Raginel, Jonathan Favre, Estelle Soueres, Nassir Messaadi, Valérie Deken, Alain Duhamel, Christophe Berkhout
OBJECTIVE: Reliable data about general practitioners performing pap-tests are insufficient. A claim code for the achievement of pap-smears exists in France, but its use by general practitioners is not known. The main purpose of this study was to highlight independent factors associated with the achievement of pap-smears by the general practitioner (GP). We carried out a descriptive and analytic epidemiologic study in 347 GPs and their 244,889 patients, registered at the Health Care Insurance Fund of Flanders...
December 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216918/effect-of-structured-training-programme-on-the-knowledge-and-behaviors-of-breast-and-cervical-cancer-screening-among-the-female-teachers-in-turkey
#7
Ayla Bayık Temel, Şafak Dağhan, Şenay Kaymakçı, Renginar Öztürk Dönmez, Zeynep Arabacı
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer and cervical cancer are the most common cancers among women in the world. Many studies on the early detection of cancer have been conducted among women worldwide, but few studies have been performed in the world on female teachers regarding breast self-examination (BSE), mammography (MMG) and Pap smear test (PST). As teachers interact with students, this could play an important role in health education and in developing healthy behavior such as cancer screening...
December 7, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207787/primary-adenocarcinoma-of-the-fallopian-tube-a-rare-entity
#8
Ankita Singh, Sudha Prasad, Ashok Kumar, Renu Tanwar
Primary fallopian tube carcinoma is an uncommon gynaecologic malignancy usually seen in postmenopausal females. We present a case of a 66-year-old postmenopausal female who presented with complaint of blood mixed vaginal discharge on and off for past one month. Workup of the patient revealed no abnormality other than presence of atypical squamous cells on Papanicolaou (PAP) smear. MRI showed mildly bulky cervix with around 4cc fluid in endometrial cavity. As the patient remained symptomatic and fluid in endometrial cavity persisted, total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was done...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205018/update-on-current-care-guideline-cytological-changes-in-the-cervix-vagina-and-vulva
#9
(no author information available yet)
Annually approximately 160 new cervical cancers are diagnosed in Finland. Screening has decreased both incidence and mortality by 80%. Both primary HPV-testing and Pap smear can be used in screening. In the future HPV vaccination will decrease the number of cervical cancers. Abnormal findings in Pap smears indicate management. LSIL lesions are followed up especially among young women and HSIL lesions treated. Follow-up after treatment should be reliably arranged, because increased risk of cancer remains ever after treatment...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202217/dna-modulates-the-interaction-of-genetically-engineered-dna-binding-proteins-and-gold-nanoparticles-diagnosis-of-high-risk-hpv-infection
#10
Ju-Yi Mao, Han-Wei Li, Shih-Chun Wei, Scott G Harroun, Ming-Ying Lee, Hung-Yun Lin, Chih-Yu Chung, Chun-Hua Hsu, Yet-Ran Chen, Han-Jia Lin, Chih-Ching Huang
Gene detection has an important role in diagnosing several serious diseases and genetic defects in modern clinical medicine. Herein, we report a fast and convenient gene detection method based on the modulation of the interaction between a heat-resistant double-stranded DNA (dsDNA)-binding protein (Sso7d) and gold nanoparticles (Au NPs). We prepared a recombinant Cys-Sso7d, which is Sso7d with an extra cysteine (Cys) residue in the N-terminus, through protein engineering to control the interaction between Sso7d and Au NPs...
December 4, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194539/a-10-year-review-of-health-care-reform-on-family-practice-integrated-care-project-taiwan-experience
#11
Chyi-Feng Jan, Tai-Yuan Chiu, Ching-Yu Chen, Fei-Ran Guo, Meng-Chih Lee
Objective: Taiwan has launched a Family Practice Integrated Care Project (FPICP) to develop an accountable family doctor system since March 2003. We aim to report the effectiveness of this nationwide demonstration programme over a 10-year period. Methods: Papers and reports related to the FPICP published both in English and in Chinese from 2003 to 2015 were collected systematically based on keywords including 'family doctor', 'primary care', 'integrated care' and 'Taiwan'...
November 29, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193907/tuberculosis-in-pap-samples-with-emphasis-on-lbc-caught-only-when-thought
#12
Vani Bharani, Nalini Gupta, Vanita Suri, Arvind Rajwanshi
Despite being a commonly encountered infection, the clinical diagnosis of tuberculosis of the uterine cervix is elusive. Though a straightforward diagnosis on tissue sections, identification of typical features of tubercular infection on cervical Pap samples is challenging. In our experience, the infrequent pale staining collections of epithelioid cells are difficult to pick up on Pap stained smears, particularly LBC samples. In this series, 2 of the three samples were reported as atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance while 1 was reported as inflammatory at the initial diagnosis...
November 28, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183182/cost-effectiveness-of-human-papilloma-virus-vaccination-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#13
Olugbenga Akindele Silas, Chad J Achenbach, Robert Leo Murphy, Lifang Hou, Solomon Atiene Sagay, Edmund Banwat, Adeyi A Adoga, Jonah Musa, Dustin Douglas French
Low and middle income countries (LMICs) bear more than 50% of the current cervical cancer burden over the last decade with linkages to lack of HPV vaccination, high levels of poverty, illiteracy and nonexistent or poor screening programs. Governments of LMICs need enough convincing evidence that HPV vaccination will be more cost-effective in reducing the scourge of cervical cancer. Area covered: A systematic review to identify suitable studies from MEDLINE(via PubMed), EMBASE and Electronic search through GOOGLE for original and review articles from 2007 to 2014 on cost-effectiveness of human papilloma virus vaccination of pre-adolescent girls in LMICs was conducted...
December 6, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182654/knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-of-women-regarding-breast-and-cervical-cancer-in-malatya-turkey
#14
Serdar Deniz, Burak Kurt, Ayşe Ferdane Oğuzöncül, Ersin Nazlıcan, Muhsin Akbaba, Tufan Nayir
The aim of this study is to gather information about the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of women regarding breast and cervical cancer, to increase the knowledge level of the relevant age group and to begin including the relevant age group in screening programs. This cross-sectional study is composed of 6910 women aged 30-69 years in Malatya, Turkey. The study aimed to reach 1782 women with a survey, and all of them were reached. The questionnaire form was completed with face-to-face interview. For statistical analysis, data were evaluated as number and percentage distributions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181295/supravaginal-hysterectomy-in-cura%C3%A3-ao-prevalence-and-impact-on-screening-for-cervical-cancer
#15
Desiree J Hooi, Chris J L M Meijer, Birgit I Witte, Igor Gomes Bravio, Herbert M Pinedo, Gemma G Kenter
In Curaçao, hysterectomies are frequently performed. A common reason for this procedure is the high incidence of leiomyomatosis. However in some cases the cervix is conserved. Following supravaginal hysterectomy most women discontinue cervical cancer screening because they think the cervix is not conserved. We aimed to get insight in the proportion of supravaginal hysterectomies and the level of awareness on the necessity to continue with cervical cancer screening in case of retained cervix. In 2014, data from all hysterectomies performed between 2003 and 2013 on Curaçao were collected...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179864/acceptability-of-cervical-cancer-screening-using-visual-inspection-among-women-attending-a-childhood-immunization-clinic-in-uganda
#16
Meng Li, Agnes Nyabigambo, Patricia Navvuga, Elly Nuwamanya, Afra Nuwasiima, Paschal Kaganda, Francis T Asiimwe, Elisabeth Vodicka, Noleb M Mugisha, Aggrey Mukose, Doris K Kwesiga, Solomon J Lubinga, Louis P Garrison, Joseph B Babigumira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the acceptability and performance of cervical cancer (CC) screening using visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) integrated into a rural immunization clinic in Uganda. METHODS/MATERIALS: We conducted a cross-sectional pilot study in rural Uganda. We explored associations between women's characteristics and acceptance of VIA testing. We collected samples for Papanicolaou (Pap) smear testing in a random subset of women and used results from this test as a comparator for assessing VIA performance...
December 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173823/barriers-and-facilitators-of-cervical-cancer-screening-practices-among-african-immigrant-women-living-in-brisbane-australia
#17
Judith A Anaman-Torgbor, Julie King, Ignacio Correa-Velez
PURPOSE: To describe barriers and facilitators of cervical screening practices among African immigrant women living in Brisbane, Australia. METHOD: Nineteen African immigrant women (10 refugee and 9 non-refugee) were recruited using convenience sampling. The interviews were conducted with a semi-structured and open-ended questionnaire guide. All the interviews were audio recorded and transcribed verbatim. The data was manually analysed using interpretative thematic analysis...
December 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172296/significance-of-the-cytological-signs-of-human-papillomavirus-infection-in-anal-pap-smears-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-japanese-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#18
Kaori Okayama, Mitsuaki Okodo, Hiroshi Kitamura, Ichiro Itoda
Purpose: The incidence of invasive anal cancer (IAC) has been increasing among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive men who have sex with men (MSM). Although cytological diagnosis is the modality of choice for screening cases of IAC, it is associated with lower sensitivity and specificity. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate new cytological signs of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection that may contribute to improving anal cytology. Methods: Anal cytology and HPV testing were performed using SurePath liquid-based cytology on samples obtained from 37 HIV-positive Japanese MSM...
November 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172288/prevalence-of-abnormal-pap-smears-a-descriptive-study-from-a-cancer-center-in-a-low-prevalence-community
#19
Bayan Maraqa, Isam Lataifeh, Lian Otay, Osama Badran, Yasar Qutaiba Nouri, Ibtihal Issam, Maysa Al Hussaini
Background and aims: Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide and the 13th in Jordan. The cervical smear (Pap smear) is a simple approach to detect pre-cancerous cervical lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of abnormal cervical smears in women seen at the Early Detection/Community Outreach clinic of King Hussein Cancer Center (KHCC). Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, reports of routine cervical Pap smears performed in the pathology department at KHCC from January 2007 to December 2016, were reviewed...
November 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168085/prevalence-of-human-papillomavirus-genotypes-and-abnormal-pap-smears-among-women-in-the-military-health-system
#20
Christopher M Daly, Shana L Hansen, Paul O Kwon, Timothy A Roberts
Human papillomavirus infection (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection among United States Military Servicemembers, and present in the majority of cervical cancers. Many of these infections are preventable, but HPV immunization is not mandatory during military service. The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of vaccine-preventable cervical disease among women enrolled in the San Antonio Military Health System. This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of Pap smear results and HPV genotyping data among Military Servicewomen and beneficiaries...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Community Health
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