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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440976/diagnostic-value-of-the-caretm-hpv-test-in-screening-for-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-grade-2-or-worse
#1
Mojgan Karimi Zarchi, Effat Heydari, Afsarolsadat Tabatabaie, Mansour Moghimi, Wesam Kooti
Background: Cervical cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in women worldwide. Persistent infection with a high risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) is the main etiological factor, so that early early detection of HR-HPV is very important. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of CareTM HPV, a new method, as compared with Pap smear, PCR, and biopsy for screening purposes. Material and Method: In this cross-sectional study, 200 sexually active women aging from 25-50 years referred to the oncology clinic of Shahid Sodoughi Yazd Hospital in 2015 with a variety of cervix epithelial lesions or a need for colposcopy were enrolled...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431303/circular-shape-constrained-fuzzy-clustering-ciscfc-for-nucleus-segmentation-in-pap-smear-images
#2
Ratna Saha, Mariusz Bajger, Gobert Lee
Accurate detection and segmentation of cell nucleus is the precursor step towards computer aided analysis of Pap smear images. This is a challenging and complex task due to degree of overlap, inconsistent staining and poor contrast. In this paper, a novel nucleus segmentation method is proposed by incorporating a circular shape function in fuzzy clustering. The proposed method was evaluated quantitatively and qualitatively using the Overlapping Cervical Cytology Image Segmentation Challenge - ISBI 2014 challenge dataset comprised of 945 overlapping Pap smear images...
April 14, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430679/cervicovaginal-levels-of-human-%C3%AE-defensin-1-2-3-and-4-of-reproductive-aged-women-with-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection
#3
Nathália Mayumi Noda-Nicolau, Larissa Brito Bastos, Aline Nascimento Bolpetti, Gabriel Vitor Silva Pinto, Larissa Doddi Marcolino, Camila Marconi, Carolina Sanitá Tafner Ferreira, Jossimara Polettini, Eliane Passarelli Vieira, Márcia Guimarães da Silva
OBJECTIVE: This study included women attending primary health care units in Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil, to assess the cervicovaginal levels of human β-defensin (hBD) 1, 2, 3, and 4 during Chlamydia trachomatis infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cervicovaginal samples were collected for Pap testing and assessing the presence of infection by C. trachomatis, human papillomavirus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Trichomonas vaginalis. Vaginal smears were taken to evaluate local microbiota...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424832/setting-up-a-community-based-cervical-screening-service-in-a-low-income-country-a-pilot-study-from-north-western-tanzania
#4
Nestory Masalu, Patrizia Serra, Dino Amadori, Jackson Kahima, Charles Majinge, Joyce Rwehabura, Oriana Nanni, Sara Bravaccini, Maurizio Puccetti, Rosario Tumino, Lauro Bucchi
OBJECTIVES: To report the results of a pilot study for a service for cervical cancer screening and diagnosis in north-western Tanzania. METHODS: The pilot study was launched in 2012 after a community-level information campaign. Women aged 15-64 years were encouraged to attend the district health centres. Attendees were offered a conventional Pap smear and a visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid (VIA). RESULTS: The first 2500 women were evaluated...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422558/understanding-transgender-men-s-experiences-with-and-preferences-for-cervical-cancer-screening-a-rapid-assessment-survey
#5
Julia Seay, Atticus Ranck, Roy Weiss, Christopher Salgado, Lydia Fein, Erin Kobetz
PURPOSE: Transgender men are less likely than cisgender women to receive cervical cancer screening. The purpose of the current study was to understand experiences with and preferences for cervical cancer screening among transgender men. METHODS: Ninety-one transgender men ages 21-63 completed the survey. The survey evaluated experiences with and preferences for screening, including opinions regarding human papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling as a primary cervical cancer screening...
April 19, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420907/effectiveness-of-health-education-programme-level-of-knowledge-about-prevention-of-cervical-cancer-among-saudi-female-healthcare-students
#6
Ghadeer Khaled Al-Shaikh, Sadiqa Badar Syed, Amel Ahmed Fayed, Reem Ali Al-Shaikh, Eman Mohammed Al-Mussaed, Farida Habib Khan, Hala Nasser Elmorshedy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of health education programme on the knowledge of human papilloma virus among female medical students. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was conducted in 2014 at the Princess Nourah bint Abulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and comprised female medical students. An intervention programme was implemented in the form of lectures, videos, posters, etc. on human papillomavirus. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419509/automatic-diagnosis-of-vulvovaginal-candidiasis-from-pap-smear-images
#7
M Momenzadeh, M Sehhati, A Mehri Dehnavi, A Talebi, H Rabbani
Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is the most common genital infections that are seen every day in clinics. This infection is due to excessive growth of Candida that are normally present in the vagina in small numbers. Diagnosis of VVC is routinely done by direct microscopy of Pap smear samples and searching for the Candida in the Pap smear glass slides. This manual method is subjective, time consuming, labour-intensive and tedious. This study presents a computer-aided diagnostic (CAD) method to improve human diagnosis of VVC...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415159/comparison-of-unsatisfactory-samples-from-conventional-smear-versus-liquid-based-cytology-in-uterine-cervical-cancer-screening-test
#8
Hoiseon Jeong, Sung Ran Hong, Seoung-Wan Chae, So-Young Jin, Hye Kyoung Yoon, Juhie Lee, Eun Kyung Kim, Sook Tai Ha, Sung Nam Kim, Eun-Jung Park, Jong Jae Jung, Sun Hee Sung, Sung-Chul Lim
Background: Cervical cytology for uterine cervical cancer screening has transitioned from conventional smear (CS) to liquid-based cytology (LBC), which has many advantages. The aim of this study was to compare the proportion of unsatisfactory specimens from CS versus LBC at multiple institutions including general hospitals and commercial laboratories. Materials and Methods: Each participating institution provided a minimum of 500 Papanicolaou (Pap) test results for analysis...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414591/violence-victimization-social-support-and-papanicolaou-smear-outcomes-a-longitudinal-study-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#9
Hsing-Fang Hsieh, Justin E Heinze, Ian Lang, Ritesh Mistry, Anne Buu, Marc A Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: African American youth are among those at greatest risk for experiencing violence victimization. Notably, the mortality rate of cervical cancer for African American women is also twice that of white women. To date, we know of no literature using longitudinal data to examine how violence victimization relates to Papanicolaou (Pap) smear results or cervical cancer in this population. Our study examines how violence victimization during adolescence (age 15 to 18) influences psychological distress, perceived social support, heavy substance abuse, and sexual risk behaviors during emerging adulthood (age 20 to 23), and subsequent Pap smear outcomes during young adulthood (age 29 to 32)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410118/disparity-in-rates-of-hpv-infection-and-cervical-cancer-in-underserved-us-populations
#10
Asok Ranjan Karuri, Vivek Kumar Kashyap, Murali Mohan Yallapu, Nadeem Zafar, Satish K Kedia, Meena Jaggi, Subhash C Chauhan
There is a higher rate of HPV infection and cervical cancer incidence and mortality in underserved US population who reside in Appalachian mountain region compared to Northern Plains. Social and behavioral factors such as smoking and alcohol consumption are for such a high incidence. However, by and large, the reasons for these discrepancies lie in the reluctance of the underserved population to adopt preventive measures such as prophylactic Human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccines and Pap smear screening that have significantly reduced the incidence and mortality rate of cervical cancer in Caucasian women...
June 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409172/knowledge-about-cervical-cancer-and-pap-smear-and-the-factors-influencing-the-pap-test-screening-among-women
#11
Hossein Ashtarian, Elaheh Mirzabeigi, Elham Mahmoodi, Mehdi Khezeli
BACKGROUND: Although the Pap smear is known as one of the effective methods to detect the cervical cancer, a large group of women are reluctant to do the test because of various reasons. Therefore, we carried out this study to determine the level of knowledge about cervical cancer and Pap smear and the factors influencing the Pap test screening among women. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 355 women referred to the health centers of Gilan-e gharb city were randomly recruited in 2015...
April 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405743/short-interval-between-two-pap-smears-effect-on-the-result-of-the-second-smear-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#12
Theresa M Kolben, Florian Bergauer, Jochen Moeckel, Berit Boettcher, Christian J Thaler, Thomas Kolben, Alexander Crispin, Christian Dannecker, Sven Mahner, Julia Gallwas
PURPOSE: A repeat Pap smear is sometimes necessary after a short time interval or even immediately, when patients seek for a second opinion or due to study participation. Only limited information is available on the possible impact of a short interval between two Pap smears. Most institutions therefore practice a minimum time span of 6-8 weeks before obtaining a second smear since a short interval is commonly believed to be associated with an increase of false negative results in the second smear...
April 12, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403967/organization-and-first-results-of-cervical-cancer-screening-program-in-mayotte-from-2010-to-2014
#13
Z Stewart, E Garcin, A Nazac, C Mezan de Malartic, C Georges, A Cimmino
OBJECTIVES: Our main goal was to report the organization of individual screening for uterus cancer in Mayotte, the last French department since 2011, and its first results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Epidemiological and observational study describing the prior situation, the beginning of the screening with pap smears in 2010, the colposcopy consultations and the treatment of the patients by the Mayotte network for screening of cancers since 2010. RESULTS: The screening allowed an improvement of the global cover rate from 5% to 24% in 5 years...
February 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395701/psychometric-testing-of-the-pap-smear-belief-questionnaire-measuring-women-s-attitudes-and-beliefs-toward-cervical-cancer-screening
#14
Kelly Ackerson, Lisa Stines Doane
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Some women avoid routine Pap testing because of negative attitudes and beliefs. The ability to measure these factors is limited by lack of valid and reliable tools. Therefore, this article describes steps taken to test a measure. METHODS: Validity and reliability testing of psychometric scales was conducted. RESULTS: Sample consisted of 344 women. Using principal component analysis resulted in 4 components: Exam-Related Factors, Benefits, Vulnerability, and Risks and Barriers...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393989/-factors-affecting-compliance-with-pap-smear-screening
#15
María Teresa Urrutia, Macarena Gajardo
BACKGROUND: Pap smear coverage in Chile has gradually decreased in the last years, from 67% to 59%, making it necessary to determine the causes of this decline. AIM: To analyze the relationship between the characteristics of the cervical cancer screening target population in the public health care system and the percentage of PAP coverage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was carried out in women aged between 25 and 64 years, belonging to a public health care system and registered in any of the eight primary healthcare centers of a Metropolitan Santiago low income community...
December 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391609/hpv-testing-in-first-void-urine-provides-sensitivity-for-cin2-detection-comparable-to-a-physician-taken-smear-or-brush-based-self-sample-cross-sectional-data-from-a-triage-population
#16
Annemiek Leeman, Marta Del Pino, Anco Molijn, Agata Rodriguez, Aureli Torné, Maurits de Koning, Jaume Ordi, Folkert van Kemenade, David Jenkins, Wim Quint
OBJECTIVES: To compare sensitivity of high-risk HPV (hrHPV) and genotype detection in self-collected morning (U1) and later (U2) urine samples, brush-based self-samples (SS) and physician-taken smears (PTS) for detecting CIN2+ in a colposcopic referral population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional single centre study. SETTING: A colposcopy clinic in Spain. POPULATION: 113 women referred for colposcopy after an abnormal Pap-smear...
April 9, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384871/a-fortuitous-turn-of-evidence-in-an-elderly-female-a-case-of-pulmonary-fusariosis
#17
Saraswathy Sreeram, Flora Dorothy Lobo, Vishak Acharya, Vishwas Saralaya
Pulmonary mycosis is seen infrequently in our country. It is more common in the immunocompromised. The infections caused by less known species like Fusarium have been found to be increasing in incidence in other parts of the world. We hereby report its occurrence in a 79-year-old, non-immunocompromised female who presented with pyrexia of unknown origin. Her Alanine Phosphatase (ALP) and Lactate Dehydrogenase (LHD) levels were raised. CT scan showed interstitial thickening in subpleural aspect of lungs and multiple enlarged lymph nodes in mediastinum...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380143/-health-behaviors-and-preventive-tests-in-adults-with-and-without-health-insurance-in-greater-metropolitan-belo-horizonte-minas-gerais-state-brazil-2003-2010
#18
Estevão Alves Valle, Juliana Vaz de Melo Mambrini, James Macinko, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa
This study analyzed indicators for health behaviors and use of preventive services in two probabilistic samples of adults, one in 2003 (n = 13,757) and the other in 2010 (n = 12,983), with and without private health insurance in Greater Metropolitan Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. After adjusting for demographic variables, temporal variation, and source of care, there was a reduction in smoking prevalence, similar between individuals with and without private health insurance, from 2003 to 2010. During this same period the prevalence of excessive alcohol intake and sedentary lifestyle increased in both groups; with the same magnitude, there was a decrease in the prevalence of leisure-time physical activity...
April 3, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379886/are-smokers-less-likely-to-seek-preventive-healthcare-measures-in-italy
#19
Giulia Carreras, Laura Iannucci, Giuseppe Costa, Elisabetta Chellini, Giuseppe Gorini
Smoking cessation is the key cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention action for smokers; however, smokers can still benefit from earlier diagnosis. This study aims to investigate behaviours towards cancer and CVD prevention by smoking habits in Italy. The study relies on data from a large Italian population-based survey carried out in 2013 on a sample of 119 073 individuals. We studied the relationship between smoking habits and the participation in cancer (cervical, breast and colorectal) screening programmes, or CVD prevention (performing cholesterol, blood pressure and glycaemia exams) using a multilevel logistic regression model...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365957/psychological-effects-of-concurrent-cytology-and-colposcopy-testing-in-women-referred-to-cancer-counseling-outpatient-clinic-in-belgrade
#20
Ljiljana Markovic-Denic, Svetlana Popovac, Olivera Djuric, Zivko Perisic, Snezana Rakic
PURPOSE: To investigate the psychological effects of PAP smear and colposcopy performed simultaneously and receipt of abnormal tests' results on women's well-being and quality of life (QoL) using different relative questionnaires. METHODS: A prospective cohort study included 324 women with abnormal PAP smear result obtained at the primary care centers, requiring repeat smear test and colposcopy in our hospital. Questionnaires regarding the patient demographic characteristics, 7-point Likert scales which indicate concern about the smear and colposcopy results and risk of developing cervical cancer, Bek Anxiety Inventory (BAI), European QoL questionnaire - Euro QoL (EQ-5D) and visual analogue scale (EQ VAS) were used...
January 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
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