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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637733/integration-of-sexually-transmitted-infection-sti-services-into-hiv-care-and-treatment-services-for-women-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review
#1
Caitlin E Kennedy, Sabina A Haberlen, Manjulaa Narasimhan
OBJECTIVE: To review and critically appraise the existing evidence on integration of sexually transmitted infection (STI) services into HIV care and treatment services for women living with HIV. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Four electronic databases were searched through 16February 2017 using keywords for HIV, STIs and integration. Reference lists of included articles and other reviews were also screened. REVIEW METHODS: We included studies that compared women living with HIV who received STI services integrated into HIV care and treatment services with those who received HIV care and treatment services without integrated STI services or standard of care...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636295/-screening-of-ovarian-cancer-not-for-tomorrow
#2
Aurélie Vuilleumier, Intidhar Labidi-Galy
As the worldwide incidence of cancer continuously rises, one of the measures to reduce mortality is early diagnosis while the disease is still curable. Colonoscopy screening and PAP-smears are worthwhile examples illustrating the impact of early diagnosis on mortality. Ovarian cancer is the first cause of mortality by gynecological cancers in Switzerland (incidence of 600 new cases / year), mostly diagnosed at advanced stages with a poor prognosis. Could surveillance measures improve survival ? Three large-scale randomized control trials failed to show mortality reduction from ovarian cancer with the methods currently available...
May 17, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614543/cytopathologic-evaluation-of-patients-submitted-to-radiotherapy-for-uterine-cervix-cancer
#3
Cátia Martins Leite Padilha, Mário Lúcio Cordeiro Araújo, Sergio Augusto Lopes de Souza
Cervical cancer is an important public health problem. Pap smear is the leading strategy of screening programs for cervical cancer worldwide. However, delayed diagnosis leads to more aggressive and less effective treatments. Patients with uterine cervix malignancies who are referred for radiotherapy have advanced-stage disease, which results in high rates of locoregional recurrence. The use of radiotherapy as a treatment for cervical cancer causes morphological changes in neoplastic and non-neoplastic epithelial cells, as well as in stromal cells, which make it difficult to diagnose the residual lesion, resulting in a dilemma in cytopathological routine...
April 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614466/prevalence-of-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-among-women-in-two-english-speaking-caribbean-countries
#4
Glennis Andall-Brereton, Eulynis Brown, Sherian Slater, Yvette Holder, Silvana Luciani, Merle Lewis, Beryl Irons
Objective: To characterize high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infections in a sample of women in two small English-speaking Caribbean countries: Saint Kitts and Nevis and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Methods: Sexually active women ≥ 30 years old attending primary care health facilities participated in the study. Each participant had a gynecological examination, and two cervical specimens were collected: (1) a specimen for a Papanicolaou (Pap) test and (2) a sample of exfoliated cervical cells for HPV DNA testing, using the HPV High Risk Screen Real-TM (Sacace)...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612592/using-health-belief-model-constructs-to-examine-differences-in-adherence-to-pap-test-recommendations-among-iranian-women
#5
Mahmood Karimy, Hossein Azarpira, Marzieh Araban
Despite documented successful Pap tests in routine care of women, screening levels are unfortunately often lower than recommended. This study aimed to assess differences in adherence to Pap test guidelines among a sample of Iranian women using the Health Belief Model (HBM). In this descriptive and analytical study, information was collected from a total of 305 women, (age range of 15-49) from Zarandieh health centers in Iran using a random multistage sampling method. The questionnaire covered demographic characteristics; health belief model constructs were gathered by a self-report method...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592395/using-social-media-to-characterize-public-sentiment-toward-medical-interventions-commonly-used-for-cancer-screening-an-observational-study
#6
Omar Metwally, Seth Blumberg, Uri Ladabaum, Sidhartha R Sinha
BACKGROUND: Although cancer screening reduces morbidity and mortality, millions of people worldwide remain unscreened. Social media provide a unique platform to understand public sentiment toward tools that are commonly used for cancer screening. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to examine public sentiment toward colonoscopy, mammography, and Pap smear and how this sentiment spreads by analyzing discourse on Twitter. METHODS: In this observational study, we classified 32,847 tweets (online postings on Twitter) related to colonoscopy, mammography, or Pap smears using a naive Bayes algorithm as containing positive, negative, or neutral sentiment...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584481/sex-determination-efficacy-of-papanicolaou-and-acriflavine-schiff-stains-in-buccal-smears
#7
Tibin Kaithappillil Baby, Priya Thomas, Jayanthi Palani, Rekha Krishna Pillai, Bindhu Pushparajan Ramakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Barr body is formed from random inactivation and condensation of one of the two female chromosomes in virtually all the somatic cells of female mammals. Buccal smears have been reported to be potential sources of Barr bodies. AIM: This study was done to assess the efficacy of acriflavine (AF) Schiff and Papanicolaou (PAP) stains in sex determination by identifying Barr bodies in buccal smears of both sexes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two samples of buccal smears, collected from thirty males and thirty females in the age group of 16-60 years were used to demonstrate Barr bodies using AF Schiff and PAP stains, respectively...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580578/cervical-cancer-in-women-under-25%C3%A2-years-of-age-in-queensland-australia-to-what-extent-is-the-diagnosis-made-by-screening-cytology
#8
REVIEW
Edwina L Morgan, Karen Sanday, Alison Budd, Ian G Hammond, James Nicklin
INTRODUCTION: The current Australian National Cervical Screening Program (NCSP) involves biennial, cytology-based screening of women from the age of 18 years. From December, 2017 this will change to a five-yearly human papilloma virus-based screening commencing at age 25. There is some concern that the new program may delay the opportunistic detection of cervical cancers in women under 25 years. AIM: (1) To review all cases of invasive cervical cancer in Queensland women under the age of 25 over the last 28 years...
June 4, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580567/cytohistological-discrepancies-of-cervico-vaginal-smears-and-hpv-status
#9
İbrahim Alanbay, Mustafa Öztürk, Fahri Burçin Fıratlıgil, Kazım Emre Karaşahin, Müfit Cemal Yenen, Serkan Bodur
OBJECTIVES: Discrepancies between abnormal cervical cytology or high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) status (cytolo-gy negative/HPV positive) and subsequent histological findings are a common occurrence. After using co-testing, the dis-crepancies between the HR-HPV status and cervical cytology have become an issue. In this study, we aimed to determine the characteristics of women with a discrepancy between histology and cytology/HR-HPV status, in terms of diagnosis, review and identification...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569009/myeloid-sarcoma-identified-on-liquid-based-cervical-cytology-samples-a-report-of-two-cases
#10
Jessica S Snider, Yekaterina Eichel, Alisa M Caudell, Olga S Chajewski, Jack Yang, Kathryn G Lindsey
The purpose of the Papanicolaou (Pap) smear is to detect primary squamous lesions of the uterine cervix. Although most successful at detection of squamous lesions, the Pap may also detect metastatic carcinomas, sarcomas, and melanomas. We report two rare cases of myeloid sarcoma (MS) of the uterine cervix identified on screening Pap smears with concurrent confirmatory cervical biopsies. The purpose of our study is to identify and report cytologic features of MS on Pap smears utilizing a liquid-based ThinPrep method, which has not been previously documented in literature...
May 31, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562669/design-and-preliminary-analysis-of-a-vaginal-inserter-for-speculum-free-cervical-cancer-screening
#11
Mercy Nyamewaa Asiedu, Júlia Agudogo, Marlee S Krieger, Robert Miros, Rae Jean Proeschold-Bell, John W Schmitt, Nimmi Ramanujam
OBJECTIVE: Cervical cancer screening usually requires use of a speculum to provide a clear view of the cervix. The speculum is one potential barrier to screening due to fear of pain, discomfort and embarrassment. The aim of this paper is to present and demonstrate the feasibility of a tampon-sized inserter and the POCkeT Colposcope, a miniature pen sized-colposcope, for comfortable, speculum-free and potentially self-colposcopy. STUDY DESIGN: We explored different designs using 3D computer-aided design (CAD) software and performed mechanical testing simulations on each...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553004/relationships-among-caregiving-income-gender-and-health-a-cross-sectional-examination-of-a-representative-sample-of-older-americans
#12
Tracy Wharton, Kara Zivin
Although there is substantial evidence to support the impact of burden on caregivers, few studies have compared caregivers to their non-caregiving counterparts on the basis of health and wellbeing outcomes. This study examines the relationship between caregiving and health, and whether other factors may have stronger influence on well-being measures. Using a nationally representative sample of older adults in the United States (N=3,005), this study examines relationships between caregiving status, gender, and income, and nine outcomes (self-rated physical and mental health, time since seeing a doctor, time since most recent pap smear or prostate-specific antigen [PSA] test, depression, loneliness, stress, anxiety), using logistic and linear regression models...
2017: Journal of Social Service Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549381/cervical-cancer-screening-in-rural-mountainous-honduras-knowledge-attitudes-and-barriers
#13
Rachel J Pryor, Nadia Masroor, Michael Stevens, Kakotan Sanogo, Pedro José Hernández O'Hagan, Gonzalo Bearman
INTRODUCTION: Because cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in Honduras, this study assessed knowledge, attitudes and barriers to cervical cancer screening services by Papanicolaou smear (pap smear) for women in rural, remote Honduras served by Virginia Commonwealth University's Global Health and Health Disparities Program (GH2DP). METHODS: Two interviewers administered an institutional review board approved, 20 question survey by convenience sample methodology to adult female patients visiting GH2DP clinics in June 2014...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548709/-polka-dot-macrophages-on-cytology-of-bilateral-adrenal-masses-nailing-disseminated-histoplasmosis
#14
Sumit Grover, Pavneet Kaur Selhi, Neena Sood, Ridhi Sood, Harpreet Kaur
Histoplasma capsulatum is a saprophytic fungus that in immunocompetent individuals causes self-limited pulmonary infection; however, in immunosuppressed patients involvement of the reticuloendothelial system, alimentary tract, urinary tract, and central nervous system is fairly common. Rarely patients present with bilateral adrenal masses which mimic tuberculosis and metastasis on radiology because of associated central necrosis. Ultrasound guided FNAC aided by special stains like Periodic Acid Schiff (PAS) and Gomori Methenamine Silver (GMS) may help in early diagnosis in such dubious cases...
May 26, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547956/pap-smears-in-endometrial-adenocarcinoma-does-it-have-a-role
#15
Asma Nadaf, Hephzibah Rani, Parinitha S S, Ravikala Rao, Dinesh Shastri
Background: Historically the conventional Pap smear has been an effective screening tool for Carcinoma cervix. However the reporting of benign and malignant endometrial cells on Pap smear has remained controversial. There are very few studies addressing the utility of Pap smears in diagnosing endometrial carcinomas. Objective: To rescreen the Pap smears of patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma for the detection of normal/ atypical endometrial cells and to correlate with clinico-pathological parameters. Methods: The present study was carried out at SDM College of Medical Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka, India for a period of 7 years...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546878/effects-of-medicare-coverage-of-a-welcome-to-medicare-visit-on-use-of-preventive-services-among-new-medicare-enrollees
#16
Boon Peng Ng, Gail A Jensen, Heather Fritz
In January 2005, Medicare began covering a one-time initial preventive physical examination (IPPE), also called a "Welcome-to-Medicare" visit, during a beneficiary's first 6 months under Part B. This paper examines the effects of offering Medicare IPPE coverage on the use of mammograms, breast self-exams, Pap smears, prostate cancer screenings, cholesterol screenings, and flu vaccines among beneficiaries new to Part B. We adopt a difference-in-difference estimator and estimate a set of multivariate logit models to quantify the effects of introducing Medicare IPPE coverage on the use of preventive services...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541229/deeppap-deep-convolutional-networks-for-cervical-cell-classification
#17
Ling Zhang, Le Lu, Isabella Nogues, Ronald Summers, Shaoxiong Liu, Jianhua Yao
Automation-assisted cervical screening via Pap smear or liquid-based cytology (LBC) is a highly effective cell imaging based cancer detection tool, where cells are partitioned into "abnormal" and "normal" categories. However, the success of most traditional classification methods relies on the presence of accurate cell segmentations. Despite sixty years of research in this field, accurate segmentation remains a challenge in the presence of cell clusters and pathologies. Moreover, previous classification methods are only built upon the extraction of hand-crafted features, such as morphology and texture...
May 19, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538217/the-significance-of-glandular-cells-on-conventional-cervicovaginal-smears-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-coastal-india
#18
Pooja K Suresh, Hema Kini, Jessica Minal, Neha Dhavalpure, Sridevi H Basavaiah, Deepa S Adiga, Laveena Maben
INTRODUCTION: Glandular lesions of the female genital tract (FGT) are quite uncommon compared to squamous lesions. Their cytological diagnosis is difficult because of their architectural and cytological complexity, as well as the lack of experience of many cytopathologists in this field. The aim of this study was to determine the significance of Papanicolaou (Pap) smears in the diagnosis of glandular FGT lesions. METHODOLOGY: All Pap smears reported during the period of January 2012 to December 2013 were retrieved...
2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530082/-cervical-cancer-in-israel-2016-facts-insights-and-thoughts-for-the-future
#19
REVIEW
Menahem Fisher, Eduardo Schejter, Ido Solt, Gad Renart
The natural history of precancerous lesions and cervical cancer in Israeli women differs from that reported in the world. In 2011, 244 women were diagnosed in Israel with invasive cervical cancer, with the mortality of 79 women. The incidence of cervical cancer in Israel is about 5 new cases per year per 100,000 women (5.4 Jewish, 3.2 Arab). This figure is very low compared with statistics presented in other countries and has not changed over the last decades. The vast majority of Israeli women were diagnosed due to symptoms and not following Pap smear screening...
September 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514278/impact-of-screening-and-art-on-anal-cancer-incidence-in-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men-mathematical-modeling-study
#20
Nello Blaser, Barbara Bertisch, Roger D Kouyos, Alexandra Calmy, Heiner C Bucher, Matthias Cavassini, Janne Estill, Olivia Keiser, Matthias Egger
BACKGROUND: The incidence of anal cancer is high in HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM). We modeled the impact of screening strategies and combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) coverage on anal cancer incidence in Switzerland. METHODS: Individual-based, dynamic simulation model parameterized with Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS) and literature data. We assumed all men to be HPV infected. CD4 cell count trajectories were the main predictors of anal cancer...
May 16, 2017: AIDS
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