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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051018/access-to-employee-wellness-programs-and-use-of-preventive-care-services-among-u-s-adults
#1
Oluwaseyi O Isehunwa, Erik L Carlton, Yang Wang, Yu Jiang, Satish Kedia, Cyril F Chang, Daniel Fijabi, Soumitra S Bhuyan
INTRODUCTION: There is little research at the national level on access to employee wellness programs and the use of preventive care services. This study examined the use of seven preventive care services among U.S working adults with access to employee wellness programs. METHODS: The study population comprised 17,699 working adults aged ≥18 years, obtained from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey. Multivariate logistic regression models examined the relationship between access to employee wellness programs and use of seven preventive care services: influenza vaccination, blood pressure check, diabetes check, cholesterol check, Pap smear test, mammogram, and colon cancer screening...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043283/barriers-to-pap-smear-test-for-the-second-time-in-women-referring-to-health-care-centers-in-the-south-of-tehran-a-qualitative-approach
#2
Laleh Hassani, Tahereh Dehdari, Ebrahim Hajizadeh, Davoud Shojaeizadeh, Mehrandokht Abedini, Saharnaz Nedjat
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a preventable disease with a regular screening program. Many studies have reported a large number of barriers that women had for the first time, but this study decided to find other barriers for the second time pap smear. METHODS: In this qualitative research, data were gathered through in-depth interviews and expressed through conventional content analysis in the form of constant comparison. The participants were 15 women with family profile at 30 health care centers who lived in the south of Tehran and had done Pap smear for one time but didn't do it for the second time...
October 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038761/comparison-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-detection-in-urine-and-cervical-swab-samples-using-the-hpv-genoarray-diagnostic-assay
#3
Pornjarim Nilyanimit, Jira Chansaenroj, Anant Karalak, Piyawat Laowahutanont, Pairoj Junyangdikul, Yong Poovorawan
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the leading cause of cervical cancer. Urine-based HPV testing offers a simple and non-invasive method because of its increasing acceptance. A total of 164 pairs of cervical swab and urine samples from Thai women who underwent cervical cancer screening were used for HPV testing with HPV GenoArray Diagnostic Kits. The overall concordance percentage for HPV detection in the cervical swab and urine samples was 65.2%. The HPV genotypes most commonly detected were HPV16 and HPV18. An analysis of the urine samples and a second analysis of the cervical swab samples showed that the differences in the overall HPV detection rate between women with normal and abnormal cytology were not significant (p > 0...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034324/a-review-of-epidemiologic-studies-of-the-health-of-gulf-war-women-veterans
#4
Steven S Coughlin, Maxine Krengel, Kimberly Sullivan, Penny F Pierce, Vahé Heboyan, Lt Col Candy Wilson
INTRODUCTION: In the 25 years since the 1990-1991 Gulf War (GW), studies have evaluated Gulf War Illness (GWI), sometimes referred to as medically unexplained multi symptom illness, and other medical and neurological conditions in women GW veterans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this article, we review epidemiologic studies of the health of women who served in the 1990-1991 GW based upon bibliographic searches in PubMed and CINAHL with relevant search terms through September 2015...
2017: Journal of Environment and Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025500/the-influence-of-self-efficacy-in-medical-drama-television-programming-on-behaviors-and-emotions-that-promote-cervical-cancer-prevention
#5
Sungsu Kim, Jay D Hmielowski
OBJECTIVES: We explored the influences of medical drama viewing on health behaviors and emotions, and examined the role of self-efficacy in medical drama programming. METHODS: A single-factor, 2-condition experimental design that manipulated self-efficacy levels was adopted. A total of 131 female undergraduate students who were likely involved with the issues of HPV vaccination and cervical cancer participated in this experiment. RESULTS: In line with social cognitive theory, the results indicated that participants in the high self-efficacy condition showed greater behavioral intention to receive a Pap smear (F (1, 126) = 4...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023464/role-of-p16-testing-in-cervical-cancer-screening-among-hiv-infected-women
#6
Christine J McGrath, Rochelle Garcia, Trong T Trinh, Barbra A Richardson, Grace C John-Stewart, Evans Nyongesa-Malava, Nelly R Mugo, Emily H Glynn, Samah R Sakr, Hugo De Vuyst, Michael H Chung
BACKGROUND: p16 immunohistochemistry is used to evaluate for HPV-associated cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. The diagnostic performance of p16 in HIV infection is unclear. METHODS: Between June-December 2009, HIV-infected women underwent Papanicolaou (Pap) smear, human papillomavirus (HPV) testing, visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA), and colposcopy-directed biopsy as the disease gold standard at a HIV clinic in Kenya. Pap smears were evaluated for p16 expression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020396/perception-and-use-of-pap-smear-screening-among-rural-and-urban-women-in-romania
#7
Mihaela Grigore, Razvan Popovici, Anda Pristavu, Ana Maria Grigore, Mioara Matei, Dumitru Gafitanu
Background: In 2012 the National Screening Program for all women between 25 and 64 years of age was launched in Romania. Public awareness is an important factor in the success of a screening program. For this reason, we intended to assess the perception and the level of awareness of Romanian women regarding the Pap test in the prevention of cervical cancer. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 454 women from rural and urban areas. For our study, we used a questionnaire covering general characteristics, awareness, knowledge and practices regarding cervical cancer and Pap smear...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990460/amplification-of-specific-chromosomal-regions-assessed-by-fluorescent-in-situ-hybridization-on-pap-smears-to-be-added-as-screening-tool-for-identifying-women-at-risk-of-progressing-to-cervical-cancer
#8
Pavani Upendram, Shubhi Sahni, Khaliq Mohiuddin, Subhadra Poornima, Bhanumathy Gourishankar, Kiran Kumar Vattam, Pavani Boddala, E Jayashankar, Shakera Mohiuddin, Vasundhara Kamineni, Vasavi Mohan, Jane Houldsworth, Qurratulain Hasan
Cervical carcinoma is a frequent malignancy in developing countries despite being a preventable disease. For the first time, four screening tests were used simultaneously for identifying women with a risk of developing cervical cancer, to help clinicians and policy makers to implement the best strategy for reducing the burden of this disease. Women visiting a hospital in India were enrolled after institutional ethics clearance and informed consent. Visual inspection using acetic acid and Pap smear tests were performed on 2683 women, and 104 had abnormal cytology: atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (n = 29), low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (n = 41), high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (n = 17), and squamous cell carcinoma (n = 17)...
October 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990409/hiv-primary-care-by-the-infectious-disease-physician-in-the-united-states-extending-the-continuum-of-care
#9
Seetha Lakshmi, Susan E Beekmann, Philip M Polgreen, Allan Rodriguez, Maria L Alcaide
Models of care for people living with HIV (PLWH) have varied over time due to long term survival, development of HIV-associated non-AIDS conditions, and HIV specific primary care guidelines that differ from those of the general population. The objectives of this study are to assess how often infectious disease (ID) physicians provide primary care for PLWH, assess their practice patterns and barriers in the provision of primary care. We used a 6-item survey electronically distributed to ID physician members of Emerging Infections Network (EIN)...
October 9, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987021/computer-aided-diagnosis-software-for-vulvovaginal-candidiasis-detection-from-pap-smear-images
#10
Mohammadreza Momenzadeh, Alireza Vard, Ardeshir Talebi, Alireza Mehri Dehnavi, Hossein Rabbani
Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a common gynecologic infection and it occurs when there is overgrowth of the yeast called Candida. VVC diagnosis is usually done by observing a Pap smear sample under a microscope and searching for the conidium and mycelium components of Candida. This manual method is time consuming, subjective and tedious. Any diagnosis tools that detect VVC, semi- or full-automatically, can be very helpful to pathologists. This article presents a computer aided diagnosis (CAD) software to improve human diagnosis of VVC from Pap smear samples...
October 7, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974850/difference-between-cryotherapy-and-follow-up-low-grade-squamous-lesion-of-cervix-uteri
#11
Mahira Jahic, Elmir Jahic, Mirsada Mulavdic, Azra Hadzimehmedovic
INTRODUCTION: Cervical cancer can be successfully prevented by effective treatment. AIM: Analyse of success of cryotherapy in LSIL and ASCUS. MATERIALS ET METHODS: In retrospective study between January 2016 to March 2017, 3244 PAP test were analysed. 257 patients who had been diagnosed with LSIL and ASCUS from PAP smear were divided in two groups: women who had HPV positive, colposcopic positive and cytologic finding of LSIL or ASCUS treathed with cryotherapy and women with LSIL, ASCUS and negative colposcopy...
August 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964247/compact-oam-microscope-for-edge-enhancement-of-biomedical-and-object-samples
#12
Richard Gozali, Thien-An Nguyen, Ethan Bendau, Robert R Alfano
The production of orbital angular momentum (OAM) by using a q-plate, which functions as an electrically tunable spatial frequency filter, provides a simple and efficient method of edge contrast in biological and medical sample imaging for histological evaluation of tissue, smears, and PAP smears. An instrument producing OAM, such as a q-plate, situated at the Fourier plane of a 4f lens system, similar to the use of a high-pass spatial filter, allows the passage of high spatial frequencies and enables the production of an image with highly illuminated edges contrasted against a dark background for both opaque and transparent objects...
September 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960293/prevalence-risk-factors-and-pregnancy-outcomes-of-cervical-cell-abnormalities-in-the-puerperium-in-a-hyperendemic-hiv-setting
#13
Hopolang C Maise, Dhayendre Moodley, Motshedisi Sebitloane, Suzanne Maman, Benn Sartorius
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of cervical cell abnormalities detected in the puerperium in association with HIV-1 infection on pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: The present study was a secondary data analysis of pregnancy outcomes, Pap smear results, HIV results, and participant demography from a behavioral intervention randomized controlled trial of 1480 pregnant women aged 18 years or more conducted at a periurban primary health clinic in South Africa during 2008-2010...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954002/characterisation-of-complete-high-and-low-risk-human-papillomavirus-genomes-isolated-from-cervical-specimens-in-southern-brazil
#14
Gisele R de Oliveira, Juliana D Siqueira, Fabiana Finger-Jardim, Valdimara C Vieira, Ronald L Silva, Carla V Gonçalves, Esmeralda A Soares, Ana Maria Barral de Martinez, Marcelo A Soares
The classification of human papillomavirus (HPV) intratypic lineages by complete genome sequencing is a determinant in understanding biological differences in association with this disease. In this work, we have characterised complete HPV genomes from southern Brazil. Fifteen cervicovaginal Pap smear negative samples previously categorised as HPV-positive were sequenced using ultradeep sequencing, and 18 complete genomes from 13 different HPV types were assembled. Phylogenetic and genetic distance analyses were performed to classify the HPV genomes into lineages and sublineages...
October 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952289/cytology-based-screening-during-antenatal-care-as-a-method-for-preventing-cervical-cancer
#15
Paula Bruno Monteiro, Marcelo Praxedes Monteiro Filho, Jéssica Teixeira de Figueirêdo, Maria Vieira de Lima Saintrain, Zenilda Vieira Bruno, Francisco Herlânio Costa Carvalho
Background: Cervical cancer is one of the most serious threats to women’s lives. Therefore, the present study aimed to know the dynamics in the collection of cytologic samples during antenatal care as a method of cervical cancer screening and to identify the factors associated with its performance. Material and Methods: Analytical cross-sectional study carried out with pregnant and postpartum women in Fortaleza, Ceará, Northeastern Brazil. Data were collected using a questionnaire addressing sociodemographic variables, antenatal care, pregnancy and cytology-based screening for cervical cancer during antenatal care...
September 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952287/significance-of-compression-in-binucleation-while-differentiating-reactive-cellular-changes-between-human-papillomavirus-and-candida-infections
#16
Mitsuaki Okodo, Kaori Okayama, Tadasi Fukui, Natsuko Shiina, Timothy Caniz, Hiromi Yabusaki, Masahiko Fujii
Purpose: Binucleation is a reactive cellular change (RCC) in Pap smears due to Candida infection. However, the origin of these binucleated cells as RCCs remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine binucleation in patients negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM) and infected with Candida and those infected with high-risk human papillomavirus (hr-HPV) and to clarify the origin of the binucleated cells. Methods: A total of 115 endocervical swab specimens with a combined diagnosis of NILM, Candida infection, and RCCs were used for this study...
September 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952274/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-cervical-cancer-screening-amongst-university-of-botswana-female-students
#17
Roy Tapera, Eric Manyala, Patience Erick, Titus M Maswabi, Tshephang Tumoyagae, Baemedi Letsholo, Bontle Mbongwe
Background: Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in Botswana. More than two-thirds of cases occur in HIV-infected women, in a nation with a high HIV prevalence of 17%. Even though cancer screening is free in health facilities, cervical cancer screening is low. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitudes of University of Botswana female students on cervical cancer screening. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among University of Botswana female students to elicit information about their knowledge and attitudes on cervical cancer screening...
September 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952272/screening-cervical-cancer-by-the-pap-test-%C3%A2-relevance-of-age-ranges-recommended-by-the-brazilian-programme-for-prevention-and-control
#18
Diogo Do Nascimento Franco, Adriana Cunha Vargas Tomáz, Angela Andréia Franca Gravena, Sandra Marisa Pelloso, Márcia Edilaine Lopes Consolaro
Objective: To evaluate screening by the Papanicolaou smear (Pap) and the frequency of cervical abnormalities in the age range recommended by the Brazilian programme for prevention and control of cervical cancer (CC) in the years 2012 and 2013 in a high prevalence city. Methods: This retrospective study covered results of Pap examinations performed on women aged ≥12 years residing in urban areas of the city of Maringá, Paraná in Brazil. The examinations were performed in the years 2012 and 2013 for the System of Public Health (SPH) which maintains a city database...
September 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946854/cervical-precancerous-changes-and-selected-cervical-microbial-infections-kiambu-county-kenya-2014-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Evalyne Wambui Kanyina, Lucy Kamau, Margaret Muturi
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the predominant cancer among women in Kenya and second most common in women in developing regions. Population-based cytological screening and early treatment reduces morbidity and mortality associated with the cancer. We determined the occurrence of cervical precancerous changes and cervical microbial infections (Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida albicans, Neisseria gonorrhea and Actinomyces) among women attending Family Health Option Kenya (FHOK) clinic in Thika...
September 25, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932031/cytomorphometric-analysis-of-gingival-epithelium-and-buccal-mucosa-cells-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#20
Manisha Sahu, Hema Suryawanshi, Sushruth Nayak, Pramod Kumar
BACKGROUND: The global prevalence of type 2 diabetes continues to rise. Interest has been increasing recently in noninvasive diagnostic procedure. Hence, an attempt has been made by the present study to analyze the changes in cytomorphometry in exfoliated buccal and gingival mucosa cells in type 2 diabetic patients. AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the cytomorphometric changes in exfoliated cells of gingiva and buccal mucosa as an adjunct to diagnosis of diabetes...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
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