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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334522/themes-in-literature-related-to-incidence-risk-and-prevention-of-cancer-in-solid-organ-transplantation-recipients-on-immunosuppressive-therapy
#1
Stefanie L Rashti
BACKGROUND: Solid-organ transplants provide a second chance to thousands of critically ill patients with end-organ failure each year. Immunosuppressants are administered to patients to prevent graft rejection of a transplanted organ, such as a heart, kidney, or liver, while placing the recipient at greater risk for infection and cancer. OBJECTIVE: The literature provides evidence of various cancers that have been found to develop in patients' posttransplantation...
January 12, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333643/race-sex-and-discrimination-in-school-settings-a-multilevel-analysis-of-associations-with-delinquency
#2
Brittany D Chambers, Jennifer Toller Erausquin
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a critical phase of development and experimentation with delinquent behaviors. There is a growing body of literature exploring individual and structural impacts of discrimination on health outcomes and delinquent behaviors. However, there is limited research assessing how school diversity and discrimination impact students' delinquent behaviors. In response, the purpose of this study was to assess if individual- and school-level indicators of discrimination and diversity were associated with student delinquent behaviors among African American and White students...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331992/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-reducing-non-occupational-sedentary-behaviour-in-adults-and-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Nipun Shrestha, Jozo Grgic, Glen Wiesner, Alexandra Parker, Hrvoje Podnar, Jason A Bennie, Stuart J H Biddle, Zeljko Pedisic
BACKGROUND: No systematic reviews of the effectiveness of interventions for reducing non-occupational sedentary behaviour are available. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of interventions for reducing non-occupational sedentary behaviour in adults and older adults. METHODS: An electronic search of nine databases was performed. Randomised controlled trials (RCT) and cluster RCTs among adults testing the effectiveness of interventions aimed to reduce non-occupational sedentary behaviour were considered for inclusion...
January 13, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331504/a-systematic-review-of-health-care-provider-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-routine-hiv-testing-in-primary-care-settings-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#4
Kelly Tan, Beth Perry Black
Despite efforts to improve HIV screening and testing, many primary care settings do not follow established guidelines. The purpose of our systematic review was to describe health care providers' perceived barriers and facilitators to testing for HIV at poorly used/novel testing sites in the southeastern United States. PubMed, CINAHL, and Embase databases were searched for peer-reviewed studies of providers' perceived barriers and facilitators to routine HIV testing from January 2016 to April 2017 according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement...
December 27, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330754/systematic-review-of-mammography-screening-educational-interventions-for-hispanic-women-in-the-united-states
#5
REVIEW
John S Luque, Ayaba Logan, Grace Soulen, Kent E Armeson, Danielle M Garrett, Caroline B Davila, Marvella E Ford
In the United States (U.S.), Hispanics experience breast cancer disparities. Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death among Hispanic women, and Hispanic women receive mammography screening at lower rates than some other ethnic groups. This low rate of screening mammography is associated with increased risk for possible late-stage diagnosis and lower survival rates. Educational interventions could play a role in increasing screening mammography rates among Hispanic women. This systematic review synthesized the current literature on educational interventions to increase mammography screening among Hispanic women...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330103/osteoarthritis-year-in-review-2017-rehabilitation-and-outcomes
#6
REVIEW
Dieuwke Schiphof, Jacoline J van den Driest, Jos Runhaar
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to describe studies examining rehabilitation for people with osteoarthritis (OA) and to summarize findings from selected key systematic reviews (SRs) and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). DESIGN: A systematic search was performed using Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane databases from April 1st 2016 to May 15th 2017 using the terms 'osteoarthritis', 'randomized controlled trial', and 'systematic review'. Inclusion criteria were: clinically or radiologically diagnosed patients with osteoarthritis, rehabilitation treatment, RCT or SRs...
January 9, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329529/resilience-and-well-being-of-university-nursing-students-in-hong-kong-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Ka Ming Chow, Wing Ki Fiona Tang, Wing Han Carmen Chan, Wing Hung Janet Sit, Kai Chow Choi, Sally Chan
BACKGROUND: University nursing students experience higher levels of academic stress than those of other disciplines. Academic stress leads to psychological distress and has detrimental effects on well-being. The ability to overcome such adversity and learn to be stronger from the experience is regarded as resilience. Resilience is found to have an impact on learning experience, academic performance, course completion and, in the longer term, professional practice. Resilience and positive coping strategies can resist stress and improve personal well-being...
January 12, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329395/open-access-physical-activity-programs-for-older-adults-a-pragmatic-and-systematic-review
#8
Laura E Balis, Thomas Strayer, NithyaPriya Ramalingam, Meghan Wilson, Samantha M Harden
Background and Objectives: Open-access, community-based programs are recommended to assist older adults in meeting physical activity guidelines, but the characteristics, impact, and scalability of these programs is less understood. The Land-Grant University Cooperative Extension System, an organization providing education through county-based educators, functions as a delivery system for these programs. A systematic review was conducted to determine characteristics of effective older adult physical activity programs and the extent to which programs delivered in Extension employ these characteristics...
January 10, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328043/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-medical-education-in-georgia-state-of-the-art-and-further-perspectives
#9
I Nadareishvili, K Lunze, G Pkhakadze, N Japiashvili, N Tabagari
Aim - complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is popular in Georgia, but providers' training not well understood or regulated. The aim of this mixed-methods study was to inform the process of implementing quality CAM curricula in Georgia and strategies for the inclusion of effective CAM curricula into medical education in Georgia. We analyzed existing medical curricula. We conducted a contextual analysis based of qualitative data collected from relevant medical education experts, qualified physicians, CAM practitioners and other stakeholders; and administered a quantitative MD students' survey to MD students...
December 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324070/does-implementation-of-biomathematical-models-mitigate-fatigue-and-fatigue-related-risks-in-emergency-medical-services-operations-a-systematic-review
#10
Francine O James, Lauren B Waggoner, Patricia M Weiss, P Daniel Patterson, J Stephen Higgins, Eddy S Lang, Hans P A Van Dongen
BACKGROUND: Work schedules like those of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel have been associated with increased risk of fatigue-related impairment. Biomathematical modeling is a means of objectively estimating the potential impacts of fatigue on performance, which may be used in the mitigation of fatigue-related safety risks. In the context of EMS operations, our objective was to assess the evidence in the literature regarding the effectiveness of using biomathematical models to help mitigate fatigue and fatigue-related risks...
January 11, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324069/evidence-based-guidelines-for-fatigue-risk-management-in-emergency-medical-services
#11
P Daniel Patterson, J Stephen Higgins, Hans P A Van Dongen, Daniel J Buysse, Ronald W Thackery, Douglas F Kupas, David S Becker, Bradley E Dean, George H Lindbeck, Francis X Guyette, Josef H Penner, John M Violanti, Eddy S Lang, Christian Martin-Gill
BACKGROUND: Administrators of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) operations lack guidance on how to mitigate workplace fatigue, which affects greater than half of all EMS personnel. The primary objective of the Fatigue in EMS Project was to create an evidence-based guideline for fatigue risk management tailored to EMS operations. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted from 1980 to September 2016 and guided by seven research questions framed in the Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome (PICO) framework...
January 11, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323668/professional-responsibilities-regarding-the-provision-publication-and-dissemination-of-patient-phenotypes-in-the-context-of-clinical-genetic-and-genomic-testing-points-to-consider-a-statement-of-the-american-college-of-medical-genetics-and-genomics-acmg
#12
Lynn W Bush, Anita E Beck, Leslie G Biesecker, James P Evans, Ada Hamosh, Ingrid A Holm, Christa L Martin, C Sue Richards, Heidi L Rehm
Disclaimer: This Points to Consider document is designed as an educational resource to provide best practices for medical genetic clinicians, laboratories, and journals regarding the provision, publication, and dissemination of patient phenotypes in the context of genomic testing, clinical genetic practice, and research. While the goal of the document is the improvement of patient care, the considerations and practices described should not be considered inclusive of all proper considerations and practices or exclusive of others that are reasonably directed to obtaining the same goal...
January 11, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322861/community-mobility-after-stroke-a-systematic-review
#13
Steven Wesselhoff, Timothy A Hanke, Christian C Evans
Background Stroke is the leading cause of severe disability and many survivors report long-term physical or cognitive impairments that may impact their ability to achieve community mobility (CM). PURPOSE: To determine the extent to which people with chronic stroke achieve CM compared to age-matched norms or non-neurologically impaired controls. Methods The StrokEDGE outcome measures were searched to identify validated tools that included >25% of items addressing CM. MEDLINE, CINAHL, Google Scholar, PubMed, PEDro and the Cochrane databases were searched from 2001 to 2015 with the identified outcome measures cross-referenced against search terms related to stroke and CM...
January 11, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322116/efficiency-of-imaging-modalities-in-male-breast-disease-can-ultrasound-give-additional-information-for-assessment-of-gynecomastia-evolution
#14
Özgür Sarıca, A Nedim Kahraman, Enis Öztürk, Memik Teke
Objective: The purpose of this study is to present mammography and ultrasound findings of male breast lesions and to investigate the ability of diagnostic modalities in estimating the evolution of gynecomastia. Materials and Methods: Sixty-nine male patients who admitted to Taksim and Bakirkoy Education and Research Hospitals and underwent mammography (MG) and ultrasonography (US) imaging were retrospectively evaluated. Duration of symptoms and mammographic types of gynecomastia according to Appelbaum's classifications were evaluated, besides the sonographic findings in mammographic types of gynecomastia...
January 2018: European Journal of Breast Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320345/an-examination-of-changes-in-social-disparities-in-health-behaviors-in-the-us-2003-2015
#15
Sasha A Fleary, Claudio R Nigg, Karen M Freund
OBJECTIVES: Due to growing health disparities, federal and philanthropic agencies have empha-sized reducing health disparities in their preventive health efforts. This study determined the status of disparities in health behaviors in the last 13 years in the United States. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Systems in odd years (2003-2015). Health behaviors were dichotomized to reflect met fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption and physical activity (PA) recommendations, non-cigarette smoking, non-heavy drinking, and non-binge drinking...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319610/the-effectiveness-of-online-pain-resources-for-health-professionals-a-systematic-review-with-subset-meta-analysis-of-educational-intervention-studies
#16
Christina Liossi DPsych, Alessandro Failo PhD, Daniel E Schoth PhD, Glyn Williams Md, Richard Howard Md
Online educational interventions are increasingly developed for health professionals and students, although graduate and undergraduate medical curricular often contain limited information about how to assess and manage pain. This study reviews the literature on the effectiveness of pain-related online educational resources. Studies were identified via a search of Medline, PsychINFO, Web of Science, CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar and OpenGrey databases. Search terms included three concept blocks: (i) type of intervention - online education, computer-based, e-learning, web-based, and internet-based; (ii) population - pediatrician, physician, nurse, psychologist, medical; (iii) outcome - pain*...
January 9, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317936/what-does-it-take-to-change-practice-perspectives-of-pharmacists-in-ontario
#17
Paul A M Gregory, Beatriz Teixeira, Zubin Austin
Background: This is a time of rapid change in the profession of pharmacy. Anecdotally, there are concerns that the pace, extent and rate of practice evolution are lagging. There is little evidence documenting the influencers and mechanisms that drive practice changes forward in pharmacy in Canada. Methods: An exploratory qualitative method was selected, using both one-on-one interviews with self-categorized typical pharmacists and larger focus groups to provide context and confirmation of themes generated through interviews...
January 2018: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316816/augmented-visual-feedback-aided-interventions-for-motor-rehabilitation-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#18
Elaine Kearney, Sanjana Shellikeri, Rosemary Martino, Yana Yunusova
PURPOSE: A systematic review was performed to (1) evaluate the effectiveness of augmented visual feedback-based treatments for motor rehabilitation in Parkinson's disease, and (2) examine treatment design factors associated with enhanced outcomes following these treatments. METHODS: Eight databases were searched from their start-date up to January 2017 using the key terms Parkinson's Disease and augmented visual feedback. Two independent raters screened the abstracts and full articles for inclusion...
January 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316699/arizona-registered-dietitians-show-gaps-in-knowledge-of-bean-health-benefits
#19
Donna M Winham, Andrea M Hutchins, Sharon V Thompson, Mariah K Dougherty
Registered Dietitians (RDs) promote nutrition practices and policies and can influence food consumption patterns to include nutrient dense foods such as beans. Although many evidence-based health benefits of bean consumption (e.g., cholesterol reduction, glycemic control) have been demonstrated, there is limited research on the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of RDs regarding the inclusion of beans in a healthy diet. To fill this existing research gap, this cross-sectional survey explored the perceptions, knowledge, and attitudes of 296 RDs in Arizona, USA, toward beans...
January 8, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315731/understanding-patients-and-spouses-experiences-of-patient-education-following-a-cardiac-event-and-eliciting-attitudes-and-preferences-towards-incorporating-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-a-qualitative-study
#20
Susie Cartledge, Susan Feldman, Janet E Bray, Dion Stub, Judith Finn
AIM: To gain a comprehensive perspective about the experience of patient and spousal education following an acute cardiac event. The second objective was to elicit an understanding of patient and spousal attitudes, preferences and intentions towards future cardiopulmonary resuscitation training. BACKGROUND: Patients with cardiovascular disease require comprehensive patient and family education to ensure adequate long-term disease management. As cardiac patients are at risk of future cardiac events, including out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation training to patients and family members has long been advocated...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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