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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635532/assessing-physical-symptoms-during-the-postpartum-period-reliability-and-validity-of-the-primary-health-questionnaire-somatic-symptom-subscale-phq-15
#1
Stephanie Wilkie, Ros Crawley, Susan Button, Alexandra Thornton, Susan Ayers
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed at establishing the reliability and validity of the primary health questionnaire (PHQ-15) somatic symptom severity subscale for postpartum women. METHODS: Women (N = 495) completed the PHQ-15 approximately 6 weeks postpartum during the baseline phase of a randomized controlled trial evaluating a writing intervention for postnatal health in England. Reliability was assessed using internal consistency statistics and convergent validity by comparing differences in self-reported physical health, health-related quality of life (QoL) and primary care usage by PHQ-15 symptom severity category...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624902/screening-for-depression-in-arthritis-populations-an-assessment-of-differential-item-functioning-in-three-self-reported-questionnaires
#2
Jinxiang Hu, Michael M Ward
PURPOSE: To determine if persons with arthritis differ systematically from persons without arthritis in how they respond to questions on three depression questionnaires, which include somatic items such as fatigue and sleep disturbance. METHODS: We extracted data on the Centers for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) scale, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and the Kessler-6 (K-6) scale from three large population-based national surveys. We assessed items on these questionnaires for differential item functioning (DIF) between persons with and without self-reported physician-diagnosed arthritis using multiple indicator multiple cause models, which controlled for the underlying level of depression and important confounders...
June 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619177/women-with-symptoms-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-are-less-likely-to-be-diagnosed-and-treated-for-sleep-apnea-than-men
#3
Eva Lindberg, Bryndis Benediktsdottir, Karl A Franklin, Mathias Holm, Ane Johannessen, Rain Jögi, Thorarinn Gislason, Francisco Gomez Real, Vivi Schlünssen, Christer Janson
BACKGROUND: Women are often underrepresented at sleep clinics evaluating sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). The aim of the present study was to analyze gender differences in sleep apnea diagnosis and treatment in men and women with similar symptoms of SDB. METHODS: Respiratory Health in Northern Europe (RHINE) provided information about snoring, excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), BMI and somatic diseases at baseline (1999-2001) and follow-up (2010-2012) from 4962 men and 5892 women...
July 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617903/association-between-patient-review-of-systems-score-and-somatization
#4
Tyler Stephen Okland, Joseph Robert Gonzalez, Alexander Thomas Ferber, Scott Edward Mann
Importance: Somatization is a condition in which psychological distress is manifested by medically unexplained symptoms, and it is prevalent in all medical specialties, including otolaryngology. Recognition of somatization can be difficult, and there are limited methods available. Objectives: To determine whether patients with somatization respond differently to the review of systems (ROS) portion of the patient interview and whether the ROS can be used to identify patients with somatization...
June 15, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609393/menopausal-transition-in-southern-europe-comparative-study-of-women-in-serbia-and-portugal
#5
Jelena Dotlic, Filipa Pimenta, Nikolina Kovacevic, Isabel Leal, Joao Maroco, Wulf Utian, Tatjana Gazibara
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess and compare general menopausal quality of life in Serbia and Portugal. METHODS: In all, 1,503 women aged between 40 and 65 years from Belgrade, Serbia, and Lisbon, Portugal, were included in the study. A sociodemographic questionnaire and the Utian Quality of Life (UQOL) scale were used in data collection. RESULTS: The average age of women was 50 (SD = 5.61) years. Serbian and Portuguese women differed in all sociodemographic characteristics except for body mass index (BMI) and relationship status...
June 12, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609179/maternal-distress-and-the-development-of-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy
#6
Idalia Garza-Veloz, Claudia Castruita-De la Rosa, Yolanda Ortiz-Castro, Virginia Flores-Morales, Maria E Castañeda-Lopez, Edith Cardenas-Vargas, Gloria P Hernandez-Delgadillo, Vicente Ortega-Cisneros, Martha Luevano, Iram P Rodriguez-Sanchez, Fabiola Trejo-Vazquez, Ivan Delgado-Enciso, Miguel A Cid-Baez, Perla M Trejo-Ortiz, Maria G Ramos-Del Hoyo, Margarita L Martinez-Fierro
Despite the implementation of programmes to improve maternal health, maternal and foetal mortality rates still remain high. The presence of maternal distress and its association with the development of pregnancy hypertensive disorders is not well established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between maternal distress and the development of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in a prospective cohort of 321 Mexican women. Symptoms of maternal distressing were evaluated at week 20th of gestation using the General Health Questionnaire...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609134/relationships-among-microbial-communities-maternal-cells-oligosaccharides-and-macronutrients-in-human-milk
#7
Janet E Williams, William J Price, Bahman Shafii, Katherine M Yahvah, Lars Bode, Mark A McGuire, Michelle K McGuire
BACKGROUND: Human milk provides all essential nutrients necessary for early life and is rich in nonnutrients, maternally derived (host) cells, and bacteria, but almost nothing is known about the interplay among these components. Research aim: The primary objective of this research was to characterize relationships among macronutrients, maternal cells, and bacteria in milk. METHODS: Milk samples were collected from 16 women and analyzed for protein, lipid, fatty acid, lactose, and human milk oligosaccharide concentrations...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604797/a-human-inferred-germline-antibody-binds-to-an-immunodominant-epitope-and-neutralizes-zika-virus
#8
Diogo M Magnani, Cassia G T Silveira, Brandon C Rosen, Michael J Ricciardi, Núria Pedreño-Lopez, Martin J Gutman, Varian K Bailey, Helen S Maxwell, Aline Domingues, Lucas Gonzalez-Nieto, Vivian I Avelino-Silva, Mateus Trindade, Juliana Nogueira, Consuelo S Oliveira, Alvino Maestri, Alvina Clara Felix, José Eduardo Levi, Mauricio L Nogueira, Mauricio A Martins, José M Martinez-Navio, Sebastian P Fuchs, Stephen S Whitehead, Dennis R Burton, Ronald C Desrosiers, Esper G Kallas, David I Watkins
The isolation of neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (nmAbs) against the Zika virus (ZIKV) might lead to novel preventative strategies for infections in at-risk individuals, primarily pregnant women. Here we describe the characterization of human mAbs from the plasmablasts of an acutely infected patient. One of the 18 mAbs had the unusual feature of binding to and neutralizing ZIKV despite not appearing to have been diversified by affinity maturation. This mAb neutralized ZIKV (Neut50 ~ 2 μg/ml) but did not react with any of the four dengue virus serotypes...
June 12, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600645/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-perinatal-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-development-of-an-inpatient-group-intervention
#9
REVIEW
Alexa Bonacquisti, Matthew J Cohen, Crystal Edler Schiller
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for childbearing women. Current treatments, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy, have demonstrated modest success in addressing perinatal psychiatric symptoms; however, additional treatment options are needed to address the limitations of current approaches, particularly for women experiencing moderate to severe perinatal mental illness during pregnancy or postpartum. We discuss the use of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) as a promising treatment approach that may be uniquely suited for perinatal women due to its emphasis of values, mindfulness, and acceptance; these psychological constructs notably address the significant psychiatric and behavioral health condition comorbidity, somatic symptoms, and stigma associated with perinatal mood and anxiety disorders...
June 10, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600633/igm-mediated-autoimmune-responses-to-oxidative-specific-epitopes-but-not-nitrosylated-adducts-are-significantly-decreased-in-pregnancy-association-with-bacterial-translocation-perinatal-and-lifetime-major-depression-and-the-tryptophan-catabolite-trycat-pathway
#10
Chutima Roomruangwong, Buranee Kanchanatawan, Sunee Sirivichayakul, George Anderson, André F Carvalho, Sebastien Duleu, Michel Geffard, Michael Maes
Immunoglubulin (Ig)M responses directed to oxidative specific epitopes (OSEs) and nitric oxide (NO)-adducts are significantly associated with major depression and physio-somatic symptoms. End of term serum IgM responses to OSEs and NO-adducts were assayed in pregnant women with (n = 24) and without prenatal depression (n = 25) as well as in 24 non-pregnant women. Associations of IgM/IgA responses to Gram-negative gut commensal bacteria (leaky gut index) and IgA/IgM responses to tryptophan catabolites (TRYCATs) were analyzed...
June 9, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585455/examination-of-the-modified-somatic-perception-questionnaire-mspq-in-a-large-sample-of-credible-and-noncredible-patients-referred-for-neuropsychological-testing
#11
Mariam Balasanyan, Kyle B Boone, Annette Ermshar, Deborah Miora, Maria Cottingham, Tara L Victor, Elizabeth Ziegler, Michelle A Zeller, Matthew Wright
OBJECTIVE: The current study evaluated MSPQ sensitivity to noncredible PVT performance in the context of external incentive, and examined MSPQ false positive rates in noncompensation-seeking neuropsychology patients; and investigated effects of ethnicity/culture, gender, and somatoform diagnosis on MSPQ scores, and relationships with PVT and MMPI-2-RF data. METHOD: MSPQ scores were compared in credible (n = 110) and noncredible (n = 153) neuropsychology referrals...
June 6, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573720/assessment-of-deep-dynamic-mechanical-sensitivity-in-individuals-with-tension-type-headache-the-dynamic-pressure-algometry
#12
M Palacios-Ceña, K Wang, M Castaldo, Á Guerrero-Peral, A B Caminero, C Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, L Arendt-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: To explore the validity of dynamic pressure algometry for evaluating deep dynamic mechanical sensitivity by assessing its association with headache features and widespread pressure sensitivity in tension-type headache (TTH). METHODS: One hundred and eighty-eight subjects with TTH (70% women) participated. Deep dynamic sensitivity was assessed with a dynamic pressure algometry set (Aalborg University, Denmark(©) ) consisting of 11 different rollers including fixed levels from 500 g to 5300 g...
June 2, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572738/sleep-and-somatic-complaints-in-university-students
#13
Angelika A Schlarb, Merle Claßen, Sara M Hellmann, Claus Vögele, Marco D Gulewitsch
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems are common among university students. Poor sleep is associated with impaired daily functioning, increased risk of psychiatric symptoms, and somatic complaints such as pain. Previous results suggest that poor sleep exacerbates pain, which in turn negatively affects sleep. The purpose of the present study was to determine prevalence rates, comorbidity, and role of depression as a factor of moderating the relationship between sleep and physical complaints in German university students...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558530/a-multisample-analysis-of-psychometric-properties-for-the-malaysian-adapted-sport-anxiety-scale-2-among-youth-athletes
#14
Hairul Anuar Hashim, Saidatin Sabiyah Shaharuddin, Shazarina Hamidan, J Robert Grove
This study examined psychometric properties of a Malaysian-language Sport Anxiety Scale-2 (SAS-2) in three separate studies. Study 1 examined the criterion validity and internal consistency of SAS-2 among 119 developmental hockey players. Measures of trait anxiety and mood states along with digit vigilance, choice reaction time, and depth perception tests were administered. Regression analysis revealed that somatic anxiety and concentration disruption were significantly associated with sustained attention. Worry was significantly associated with depth perception but not sustained attention...
February 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554368/mental-disorders-in-patients-with-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-cpps
#15
Christian Brünahl, Christoph Dybowski, Rebecca Albrecht, Björn Riegel, Johanna Höink, Margit Fisch, Bernd Löwe
OBJECTIVE: Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is a debilitating pain condition with prevalence rates between 2.0% and 26.6%. Studies indicate that CPPS is often associated with psychosocial factors, but little is known about the presence of full-blown mental disorders in female and male patients with CPPS. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the frequencies of mental disorders in patients with CPPS. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected from patients visiting a specialized outpatient clinic...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552985/pathways-from-problems-in-adolescent-family-relationships-to-midlife-mental-health-via-early-adulthood-disadvantages-a-26-year-longitudinal-study
#16
Noora Berg, Olli Kiviruusu, Sakari Karvonen, Ossi Rahkonen, Taina Huurre
Poor childhood family conditions have a long-term effect on adult mental health, but the mechanisms behind this association are unclear. Our aim was to study the pathways from problematic family relationships in adolescence to midlife psychological distress via disadvantages in early adulthood. Participants of a Finnish cohort study at the age of 16 years old in 1983 were followed up at ages 22, 32 and 42 years old (N = 1334). Problems in family relationships were measured with poor relationship with mother and father, lack of parental support in adolescent's individuation process and poor home atmosphere, and mental health was assessed using Kessler's Psychological Distress Scale (K10)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545789/frequency-of-somatic-symptoms-in-the-general-population-normative-values-for-the-patient-health-questionnaire-15-phq-15
#17
Andreas Hinz, Jochen Ernst, Heide Glaesmer, Elmar Brähler, Franziska G Rauscher, Katja Petrowski, Rüya-Daniela Kocalevent
BACKGROUND: The PHQ-15 is widely used as an open access screening instrument for somatic symptoms in different health care settings. The objectives of the study were to contribute to the construct validity and to generate normative data for the PHQ-15. METHODS: The survey was conducted in the general population in Germany from August 2011 to November 2014 (n=9250). All participants underwent an extensive core assessment including a set of questionnaires. RESULTS: Men reported significantly less (p<0...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545785/somatization-among-persons-with-turkish-origin-results-of-the-pretest-of-the-german-national-cohort-study
#18
Eva Morawa, Nico Dragano, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Susanne Moebus, Tilman Brand, Yesim Erim
OBJECTIVE: Despite the emerging need to examine mental health of immigrants, there are no investigations designed to analyze representative samples in Germany. The aim of the present study was to explore the severity of somatic symptoms/somatization among a sample of considerable size consisting of persons with Turkish origin. We studied whether somatization was associated with sociodemographic and migration-related characteristics. METHODS: This examination was part of a pretest for a large national epidemiological cohort study in Germany...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541631/germline-and-somatic-mutations-in-homologous-recombination-genes-among-chinese-ovarian-cancer-patients-detected-using-next-generation-sequencing
#19
Qianying Zhao, Jiaxin Yang, Lei Li, Dongyan Cao, Mei Yu, Keng Shen
OBJECTIVE: To define genetic profiling of homologous recombination (HR) deficiency in Chinese ovarian cancer patients. METHODS: we have applied next-generation sequencing to detect deleterious mutations through all exons in 31 core HR genes. Paired whole blood and frozen tumor samples from 50 Chinese women diagnosed with epithelial ovarian carcinomas were tested to identify both germline and somatic variants. RESULTS: Deleterious germline HR-mutations were identified in 36% of the ovarian cancer patients...
July 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539133/gender-differences-in-the-trajectories-and-the-risk-factors-of-depressive-symptoms-in-later-life
#20
Jiae Lee, Soong-Nang Jang, Sung-Il Cho
BACKGROUND: The present study investigated changes in the trajectories of depressive symptoms in the elderly and attempted to identify risk factors that influence these changes according to gender. METHODS: All data were obtained from a subsample of subjects who participated in the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing between 2006 and 2012; 3,667 individuals (1,566 men and 2,101 women) aged 60 years and older were included in the present study. A group-based trajectory model was employed to determine the appropriate number of groups and to observe changes in depressive symptoms according to research year...
May 25, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
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