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Nature review oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107525/mindful-communication-being-present
#1
REVIEW
Maryjo Prince-Paul, Carol Kelley
OBJECTIVES: To review how mindfulness can be elicited in and strategically managed through communication, with a goal toward enhancing the patient/family relationship in the experience of cancer care. DATA SOURCES: Published, peer-reviewed literature, research reports, and Web-based resources. CONCLUSION: Mindful communication, an active process whereby the health care provider and patient /family unit are attentive to the timing, nature, and context of the dialogue exchange, helps direct care that is patient-centered, reflective, and relational...
October 26, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090562/-overview-of-research-projects-funding-in-traditional-chinese-medicine-oncology-field-supported-by-national-natural-science-foundation-of-china
#2
Dong-Xin Tang, Lian-Yu Chen, Shu-Zhen Guo, Li-Wei Han, Feng-Zhu Zhang
In this paper, the funding situation of traditional Chinese medicine oncology research projects supported by National Natural Science Fund from 1986-2016 was reviewed. The characteristics of funded projects were summarized from funding amount, funding expenses, funding category, and the main research contents of projects, etc. At the same time, the main problems in the projects were analyzed in this paper, in order to provide reference for the relevant fund applicants.
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081781/antimicrobial-peptides-as-biologic-and-immunotherapeutic-agents-against-cancer-a-comprehensive-overview
#3
REVIEW
Raheleh Roudi, Nicholas L Syn, Maryam Roudbary
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are a pervasive and evolutionarily ancient component of innate host defense which is present in virtually all classes of life. In recent years, evidence has accumulated that parallel or de novo mechanisms by which AMPs curb infectious pathologies are also effective at restraining cancer cell proliferation and dissemination, and have consequently stimulated significant interest in their deployment as novel biologic and immunotherapeutic agents against human malignancies. In this review, we explicate the biochemical underpinnings of their tumor-selectivity, and discuss results of recent clinical trials (outside of oncologic indications) which substantiate their safety and tolerability profiles...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078675/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-single-incision-vats-in-major-anatomical-resection-for-lung-cancer
#4
Semih Halezeroğlu
Safety and feasibility of lung resections by single incision thoracoscopy have been confirmed in large number of studies. As proponents claim its lesser invasive nature caused by lacking of additional intercostal port(s), opponents question the outcome measures of the approach especially in oncological manner. Since there is no major discussion regarding the superiority of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) on lung resections over the open technique in the surgical management of lung cancer today, advantage and disadvantage of single incision VATS lung resections was reviewed with the comparison of standard, multi-port VATS approach in this article...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066503/chromogranin-a-as-circulating-marker-for-diagnosis-and-management-of-neuroendocrine-neoplasms-more-flaws-than-fame
#5
Vincenzo Marotta, Maria Chiara Zatelli, Concetta Sciammarella, Maria Rosaria Ambrosio, Marta Bondanelli, Annamaria A L Colao, Antongiulio Faggiano
Owing to the heterogeneity of neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs), the availability of reliable circulating markers is critical for improving diagnostics, prognostic stratification, follow-up, and definition of treatment strategy. This review is focused on Chromogranin A (CgA), a hydrophilic glycoprotein present in large dense core vesicles of neuroendocrine cells. Despite being long identified as the most useful NEN-related circulating marker, clinical application of CgA is controversial. CgA assays still lack of standardization, thus hampering not only clinical management but also the comparison between different analyses...
October 24, 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045525/clinical-benefit-of-systemic-treatment-in-patients-with-advanced-pancreatic-and-gastro-intestinal-neuroendocrine-tumours-according-to-esmo-mcbs-and-asco-framework
#6
L D de Hosson, L M van Veenendaal, Y Schuller, W T Zandee, W W de Herder, M E T Tesselaar, H J Klümpen, A M E Walenkamp
BackgroundAssessment of clinical benefit of systemic treatments of rare diseases including gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NET) is challenging. Recently several tools have been developed to grade clinical benefit of cancer drugs. European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) has developed the ESMO Magnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale (ESMO-MCBS). The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) developed and revised the ASCO framework consisting of the Net Health Benefit (NHB) score juxtaposed against the costs of the treatment...
September 26, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042387/nature-based-care-opportunities-and-barriers-in-oncology-contexts-a-modified-international-e-delphi-survey
#7
Sarah Blaschke, Clare C O'Callaghan, Penelope Schofield
OBJECTIVE: To develop recommendations regarding opportunities and barriers for nature-based care in oncology contexts using a structured knowledge generation process involving relevant healthcare and design experts. DESIGN: Four-round modified electronic Delphi study. Oncology patients' nature-based recommendations, uncovered in preceding qualitative investigation, were included in the first round for the expert participants' consideration. Key items (opportunities and barriers) were developed using data aggregation and synthesis, followed by item prioritisation and 10-point Likert scale ranking (1=not important, 10=very important)...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039897/biochemical-recurrence-after-radical-prostatectomy-what-does-it-mean
#8
Rafael Tourinho-Barbosa, Victor Srougi, Igor Nunes-Silva, Mohammed Baghdadi, Gregory Rembeyo, Sophie S Eiffel, Eric Barret, Francois Rozet, Marc Galiano, Xavier Cathelineau, Rafael Sanchez-Salas
BACKGROUND: Radical prostatectomy (RP) has been used as the main primary treatment for prostate cancer (PCa) for many years with excellent oncologic results. However, approximately 20-40% of those patients has failed to RP and presented biochemical recurrence (BCR). Prostatic specific antigen (PSA) has been the pivotal tool for recurrence diagnosis, but there is no consensus about the best PSA threshold to define BCR until this moment. The natural history of BCR after surgical procedure is highly variable, but it is important to distinguish biochemical and clinical recurrence and to find the correct timing to start multimodal treatment strategy...
October 17, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037061/-the-role-of-steroids-in-oncological-practice
#9
Zsófia Küronya, Lajos Géczi, Fruzsina Gyergyay, Krisztina Bíró
Corticosteroids are a class of steroid hormones that are produced and disengage in the adrenal cortex. Traditionally natural and synthetic corticosteroids are used for diagnosing and treating dysfunctions of the adrenal cortex and treating inflammatory and immunological diseases. Their use is also widespread in oncological practice. Corticosteroids are indispensable in palliative care, in certain urgent oncological cases, as premedication of some chemotherapies and last but not least they have a key role in the secondary hormonal manipulations of metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer...
October 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033674/appearance-of-adrenal-myelolipomas-on-2-deoxy-2-18-f-fluoro-d-glucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography
#10
Steven P Rowe, Mehrbod S Javadi, Lilja B Solnes, Elliot K Fishman
With the widespread use of 2-deoxy-2-((18)F) fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) in oncologic imaging, it has become increasingly important for physicians who interpret FDG PET/CT scans to confidently recognize the spectrum of incidentally encountered benign and malignant findings. The adrenal glands represent an interesting nexus of multiple rare and common benign intrinsic tumors as well as metastases from a variety of primary malignancies. Given the breadth of adrenal gland pathology, careful description of the FDG PET/CT appearance of these pathologies is of value to help reduce misinterpretation...
October 2017: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031035/-controversy-in-the-postoperative-treatment-of-low-grade-gliomas
#11
T Kazda, R Lakomý, A Poprach, P Pospíšil, R Jančálek, P Šlampa
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment for low-grade gliomas remains controversial. Neurosurgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy are the main treatment options. Despite advances in oncology, there are still a lot of uncertainties, and the optimal sequences, combinations, and timings of these procedures have not yet been optimized. It is still unclear whether temozolomide can replace effective, but toxic PCV chemotherapy (procarbazine, lomustine, vincristine) and whether temozolomide can be used upfront alone instead of radiotherapy alone...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027954/marine-sponge-natural-products-with-anticancer-potential-an-updated-review
#12
REVIEW
Cinzia Calcabrini, Elena Catanzaro, Anupam Bishayee, Eleonora Turrini, Carmela Fimognari
Despite the huge investment into research and the significant effort and advances made in the search for new anticancer drugs in recent decades, cancer cure and treatment continue to be a formidable challenge. Many sources, including plants, animals, and minerals, have been explored in the oncological field because of the possibility of identifying novel molecular therapeutics. Marine sponges are a prolific source of secondary metabolites, a number of which showed intriguing tumor chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic properties...
October 13, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016456/new-ultra-wide-field-angiographic-grading-scheme-for-radiation-retinopathy-after-iodine-125-brachytherapy-for-uveal-melanoma
#13
Tara A McCannel, EunAh Kim, Mitchell Kamrava, James Lamb, Joseph Caprioli, Dong Yang, Colin A McCannel
PURPOSE: Radiation retinopathy remains incompletely characterized and may cause severe vision loss. Ultra-wide-field fluorescein angiography provides a pan-fundus view of vascular alterations caused by radiation treatment and may predict visual and ocular outcomes. We have developed a grading scheme to describe pan-fundus severity and to predict the progression of radiation retinopathy in patients treated for uveal melanoma with iodine-125 brachytherapy. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients treated with standard iodine-125 brachytherapy for uveal melanoma at the Ophthalmic Oncology Center at the University of California, Los Angeles, who had undergone both baseline and postbrachytherapy ultra-wide-field fluorescein angiography...
October 6, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993060/routine-bladder-cancer-treatment-dictates-divergence-from-trial-derived-regimens-results-of-treatment-at-44-radiotherapy-centers
#14
Anesa Ahamad, Alvaro Martinez, Sharon Salenius, Rudi Ross, Jason Efstathiou, Eduardo Fernandez
PURPOSE: To assess characteristics and outcome of patients treated with radiotherapy for muscle-invasive bladder cancer at 44 community-based radiotherapy centers and compare these to those on clinical trials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 155 patients who had been treated from 2010 to 2014. Overall survival and progression-free survival were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results were compared to a pooled analysis of 6 Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) protocols...
October 6, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991563/imaging-and-screening-of-kidney-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Alberto Diaz de Leon, Ivan Pedrosa
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) exhibits a diverse and heterogeneous disease spectrum, but insight into its molecular biology has provided an improved understanding of potential risk factors, oncologic behavior, and imaging features. Computed tomography (CT) and MR imaging may allow the identification and preoperative subtyping of RCC and assessment of a response to various therapies. Active surveillance is a viable management option in some patients and has provided further insight into the natural history of RCC, including the favorable prognosis of cystic neoplasms...
November 2017: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986645/assessing-the-utility-of-a-distress-screening-tool-at-capturing-sexual-concerns-in-a-gyne-oncology-follow-up-clinic
#16
Lauren M Walker, Majken P Villiger, John W Robinson
PURPOSE: Communication and assessment of sexual health within cancer care is poor despite high rates of sexual dysfunction in cancer survivors. Screening for distress programs have been implemented, as a standardized part of cancer care across Canada, with the aim of increasing identification and improving access to support. Alberta Health Services uses a general distress screening form, containing the Canadian Problem Checklist, which includes a list of possible problems, one of which is "intimacy/sexuality...
October 6, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983643/-radical-prostatectomy-in-locally-advanced-prostate-cancer
#17
REVIEW
P Mandel, D Tilki, M Graefen
BACKGROUND: Due to an inverse stage migration, the proportion of patients with more aggressive and locally advanced prostate cancer (PCa) has increased over the last few years. The natural history in these patients shows a higher risk of local complications and worse oncologic outcome. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the impact of radical prostatectomy (RP) in patients with locally advanced PCa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of the literature was performed using PubMed and MEDLINE databases focusing on articles addressing locally advanced PCa...
November 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975625/translational-opportunities-for-broad-spectrum-natural-phytochemicals-and-targeted-agent-combinations-in-breast-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Lokesh Dalasanur Nagaprashantha, Ramesh Adhikari, Jyotsana Singhal, Shireen Chikara, Sanjay Awasthi, David Horne, Sharad Singhal
Breast Cancer (BC) prevention and therapy in the context of life-style risk factors and biological drivers is a major focus of developmental therapeutics in Oncology. Obesity, alcohol, chronic estrogen signaling and smoking have distinct BC precipitating and facilitating effects that may act alone or in combination. A spectrum of signaling events including enhanced oxidative stress and changes in estrogen-receptor (ER) dependent and independent signaling drive the progression of BC. Breast tumors modulate ERα/ERβ ratio, upregulate proliferative pathways driven by ERα and HER2 with a parallel loss and/or down-regulation of tumor suppressors like TP53 and PTEN which together impact the efficacy of therapeutic strategies and frequently lead to emergence of drug-resistance...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973703/emerging-therapeutic-strategies-in-breast-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Kayla Cox, Brandon Alford, Hatem Soliman
The field of medical oncology is experiencing a period of rapid evolution owing to advances in the fields of genomics, tumor biology, and immunology. These disciplines have provided valuable insights into the heterogeneity between breast tumors, key oncogenic drivers, and the role of the immune system in the natural history of breast cancer. This knowledge is translating into many novel therapeutic strategies using personalized medicines, targeted drug delivery systems, and immunomodulatory agents in the treatment of both the early and metastatic stages of the disease...
October 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926426/epigenetics-and-precision-oncology
#20
Rachael J Werner, Andrew D Kelly, Jean-Pierre J Issa
Epigenetic alterations such as DNA methylation defects and aberrant covalent histone modifications occur within all cancers and are selected for throughout the natural history of tumor formation, with changes being detectable in early onset, progression, and ultimately recurrence and metastasis. The ascertainment and use of these marks to identify at-risk patient populations, refine diagnostic criteria, and provide prognostic and predictive factors to guide treatment decisions are of growing clinical relevance...
September 2017: Cancer Journal
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