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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549429/sleep-characteristics-in-child-and-adolescent-offspring-of-parents-with-bipolar-disorder-a-case-control-study
#1
Antonin Sebela, Tomas Novak, David Kemlink, Michal Goetz
BACKGROUND: Impairment of sleep and circadian rhythm is a typical feature of bipolar disorder (BD). We carried out an exploratory cross-sectional case-control study to extend the knowledge of sleep characteristics in offspring at risk for BD. METHODS: We investigated 42 offspring of bipolar parents (OB) (mean age 12.5 ± 3.2) and 42 sex and age matched comparison offspring of healthy parents. We administered the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire, the Morningness/Eveningness Questionnaire and The General Behavior Inventory Sleep Subscale (GBISS) to assess circadian preference, and to identify sleep impairment symptoms...
May 26, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545794/the-natural-history-of-sleep-disturbance-among-oef-oif-veterans-with-tbi-and-ptsd-and-the-role-of-proxy-variables-in-its-measurement
#2
Paul R King, Kerry T Donnelly, Gary Warner, Michael Wade, Wilfred R Pigeon
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbance crosscuts post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and traumatic brain injury (TBI). Though previous cross-sectional findings demonstrate a compounding effect of PTSD and TBI comorbidity, relatively little is known about the longitudinal trajectory of sleep-related complaints in veterans with TBI history and current PTSD symptoms. In this study, we explored patterns and predictors of sleep complaints in a sample of combat veterans with and without TBI and PTSD...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545360/melatonin-effects-in-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-associated-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-a-case-series
#3
Carolin Schaefer, Dieter Kunz, Frederik Bes
OBJECTIVES: REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), with its main clinical symptoms of nightmares with dream-enacting behavior, is considered as a possible precursor of neurodegenerative disease. Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is known to be capable of provoking RBD-like symptoms by apneic event related arousals. The two sleep related pathologies must coincide in a relevant number of individuals because of overlapping prevalence in similar age groups. Until now RBD symptoms coexisting with OSAS are rarely described in scientific literature and in fact considered as OSAS mimicking RBD...
May 22, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539958/cognitive-impairment-and-psychological-distress-at-discharge-from-intensive-care-unit
#4
Chi Ryang Chung, Hye Jin Yoo, Jinkyeong Park, Seunghyong Ryu
This study aimed to investigate cognitive impairment and psychological distress of critically ill patients at discharge from intensive care unit (ICU). This study included 30 critically ill patients who had neither pre-existing dementia nor ongoing delirium. At ICU discharge, they performed a screening test for cognitive impairment (Mini-Cog test) and completed questionnaires for depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-2, PHQ-2) and for 4 stressful experiences during ICU stay including nightmares, severe anxiety or panic, severe pain, and trouble to breathe or feeling of suffocation (Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome 14-Question Inventory, PTSS-14 Part A)...
May 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539902/arousal-in-nocturnal-consciousness-how-dream-and-sleep-experiences-may-inform-us-of-poor-sleep-quality-stress-and-psychopathology
#5
REVIEW
Nirit Soffer-Dudek
The term "sleep experiences," coined by Watson (2001), denotes an array of unusual nocturnal consciousness phenomena; for example, nightmares, vivid or recurrent dreams, hypnagogic hallucinations, dreams of falling or flying, confusional arousals, and lucid dreams. Excluding the latter, these experiences reflect a single factor of atypical oneiric cognitions ("general sleep experiences"). The current study is an opinionated mini-review on the associations of this factor-measured with the Iowa sleep experiences survey (ISES, Watson, 2001)-with psychopathological symptoms and stress...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534293/psychiatric-illness-and-parasomnias-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Flavie Waters, Umberto Moretto, Thien Thanh Dang-Vu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Little is known about the presence of parasomnias such as nightmare disorder, sleep paralysis, REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), and sleep-related eating disorders (SRED) in people with mental illness. A predominant view suggests that psychotropic medications might be contributing to parasomnias. This article summarizes knowledge regarding the relationships between psychiatric disorders and parasomnias, and possible confounds. A systematic search of the literature in the past 10 years identified 19 articles...
July 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506142/the-frustrated-and-helpless-healer-pathways-approaches-to-posttraumatic-stress-disorders
#7
Donald Moss
Posttraumatic stress disorder is a psychophysiological disorder, characterized by the following: chronic sympathetic nervous activation; persisting perceptual/sensory vigilance for threats; recurrent distressing memories of the event, including intrusive memories, flashbacks lived as if in the present moment, and nightmares; and a persisting negative emotional state including fear and shame. The psychophysiological basis for this disorder calls for psychophysiologically based interventions. This article presents the case narrative of a 29-year-old national guardsman, exposed to combat trauma and later to civilian trauma in public safety work...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487095/workplace-violence-against-emergency-nurses-in-taiwan-a-phenomenographic-study
#8
Chin-Yen Han, Chun-Chih Lin, Alan Barnard, Ya-Chu Hsiao, Suzanne Goopy, Li-Chin Chen
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) is a serious problem in health care in Taiwan, as it is worldwide. Among all nursing staff, emergency department (ED) nurses are at the highest risk of WPV; yet, little attention has been paid to nurses as WPV victims. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to understand ED nurses' WPV experiences and perspectives. METHODS: An interpretive qualitative phenomenographic design was used to answer the following research question: what are the qualitatively different ways in which nurses in Taiwan experience WPV in the ED? Thirty ED nurses who identified as experienced with WPV were interviewed, and phenomenographic analysis was used to assess the data...
April 13, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476256/-the-post-traumatic-nightmare-or-the-ghost-of-past-trauma
#9
REVIEW
Pierrick Disdier
The post-traumatic nightmare is the reliving of traumatic scenes during sleep and is linked to post-traumatic stress disorder. Unlike other forms of dreams, it can happen at any stage of sleep, invasively, and makes the person relive their traumatic scenario, which can plunge them into a state of terror and shock. Post-traumatic nightmares thereby maintain and reactivate the traumatic memory. However, narration techniques can lead to a marked improvement and even the disappearance of these nightmares.
May 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456054/nightmares-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-the-mediating-role-of-emotional-dysregulation
#10
Chelsea R Ennis, Nicole A Short, Allison J Moltisanti, Caitlin E Smith, Thomas E Joiner, Jeanette Taylor
INTRODUCTION: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a transdiagnostic behavior associated with significant psychopathology. Research has shown a positive association between sleep disturbances, (e.g., nightmares and insomnia), and suicidal behavior, however, the relation between NSSI and sleep disturbances has yet to be examined. Sleep disturbances have been found to have a causal role in problems with emotional dysfunction. Specifically, sleep disturbances inhibit the emotion processing function of sleep...
April 18, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449895/the-effect-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-prospective-study
#11
Ali A El-Solh, Leah Vermont, Gregory G Homish, Thomas Kufel
OBJECTIVES: Previous retrospective studies have shown that continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) exerts salutary effect on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and nightmare distress. The relative magnitude of therapeutic benefits from CPAP and the strength of associations between duration of CPAP use and PTSD symptomatology are unknown. METHODS: A prospective cohort design involving 47 combat veterans with PTSD and documented obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) by overnight polysomnography...
May 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428699/putative-role-of-cardio-metabolic-risk-among-poorly-controlled-asthmatics-in-south-indian-population
#12
Murugaiyan Sathish Babu, K P Sreesoorya, Surendra K Menon, Subiman Saha, A R Srinivasan, S Arul Vijaya Vani, R Reeta, V Kuzhandai Velu
Mortality and morbidity attributed to asthma remains to be the biggest nightmare worldwide. Hence, the study was aimed to compare the cardio metabolic risk factors as assessed by Body mass index (BMI), waist hip ratio (WHR), serum triacylglycerol and uric acid in well controlled and poorly controlled asthmatics and to correlate these parameters with the severity of asthma. A case control study was conducted on 90 subjects who were segregated into well controlled asthmatics (n = 30) and poorly controlled asthmatics (n = 30) who were diagnosed based on Global initiative for Asthma management guidelines and healthy volunteers (n = 30)...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402579/glitch-in-the-switch
#13
Joey Berlin
Migrating patient records from one electronic health record system to another can be a nightmare. A La Porte pediatrician's experience provides a cautionary tale for all physicians.
April 1, 2017: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400693/ludwig-s-angina-a-nightmare-worsened-by-adverse-drug-reaction-to-antibiotics
#14
Mohamed Hisham, Mundilipalayam N Sivakumar, R S Senthil Kumar, P Nandakumar
A 52-year-old obese gentleman presented to the hospital with complaints of fever and shortness of breath for 10 days. He was admitted in the ward and treated for acute exacerbation of asthma. He was shifted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) for persistent fever, neck swelling, airway obstruction and desaturation. Ludwig's angina was suspected and computed tomography of neck confirmed it. A difficult airway was anticipated and preceded with surgical tracheostomy. The patient had hypersensitivity reactions to piperacillin/tazobactam; hence, he was treated with clindamycin and metronidazole...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396186/-eight-days-of-nightmares-%C3%A2-octogenarian-patients-experiences-of-postoperative-delirium-after-transcatheter-or-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement
#15
Irene Instenes, Eva Gjengedal, Leslie S P Eide, Karel K J Kuiper, Anette H Ranhoff, Tone M Norekvål
BACKGROUND: Surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) are increasingly performed in octogenarian patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS), including those with high surgical risk. Postoperative delirium (PD) is a common and serious complication in older patients, characterised by reduced awareness, change in consciousness, disturbance in logical thinking and hallucinations. METHODS: To explore how octogenarian patients experienced PD, a qualitative study was conducted including five women and five men between 81 and 88 years...
March 20, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390221/overarousal-as-a-mechanism-of-the-relation-between-rumination-and-suicidality
#16
Megan L Rogers, Matthew E Schneider, Raymond P Tucker, Keyne C Law, Michael D Anestis, Thomas E Joiner
Rumination, particularly brooding, is associated with suicidal ideation and attempts; however, mechanisms of these associations have not been identified. The present study examined manifestations of overarousal-agitation, insomnia, and nightmares-that have been linked to both rumination and suicide as indirect indicators of the link between brooding and suicidal ideation/attempts. A sample of 492 psychiatric outpatients (64.2% female), aged 17-65 years (M = 26.75, SD = 10.32), completed self-report measures before their intake appointments with a therapist...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381442/traversing-the-rna-world
#17
Witold Filipowicz
An invitation to write a "Reflections" type of article creates a certain ambivalence: it is a great honor, but it also infers the end of your professional career. Before you vanish for good, your colleagues look forward to an interesting but entertaining account of the ups-and-downs of your past research and your views on science in general, peppered with indiscrete anecdotes about your former competitors and collaborators. What follows will disappoint those who await complaint and criticism, for example, about the difficulties of doing research in the 1960s and 1970s in Eastern Europe, or those seeking very personal revelations...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379130/-evaluation-of-insomnia-as-a-risk-factor-for-suicide
#18
REVIEW
Franklin Escobar-Córdoba, Margarita Quijano-Serrano, José Manuel Calvo-González
OBJECTIVE: Perform a non-systematic review of the literature to describe the relationship between insomnia and suicide and the findings of these studies. METHODS: A search was conducted in PubMed, Medline, SciELO, LILACS, and Cochrane Library OVID data combining MeSH terms: "Suicide and sleep initiation and maintenance disorders". RESULTS: Insomnia has been related to suicidal ideation, suicide attempts and suicide deaths in cross sectional studies since more than a decade...
2017: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369964/unconscious-fantasy-in-context-the-work-of-jacob-a-arlow
#19
Gail S Reed
For Jacob A. Arlow, understanding unconscious fantasies was central to his clinical work. These fantasies are to be found at the core of those eruptions that break without warning into our ordinary lives, whether in the form of hysterical symptoms, daydreams or nightmares. What, however, could an unconscious fantasy be on a theoretical level, beyond a vehicle for discharge? Although partly unconscious, such fantasies are sometimes composed of fixed verbal content with a high degree of internal organisation...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364589/investigating-insomnia-as-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-predictor-of-loneliness-findings-from-six-samples
#20
Melanie A Hom, Jennifer L Hames, Lindsay P Bodell, Jennifer M Buchman-Schmitt, Carol Chu, Megan L Rogers, Bruno Chiurliza, Matthew S Michaels, Jessica D Ribeiro, Michael R Nadorff, E Samuel Winer, Ingrid C Lim, M David Rudd, Thomas E Joiner
Loneliness has been repeatedly associated with sleep problems; however, there is a dearth of research examining the prospective relationship between insomnia and loneliness, as well as this association controlling for other psychiatric symptoms. This study evaluated the cross-sectional and prospective relationship between insomnia and loneliness using six samples: 666 undergraduates; 2785 Army recruiters; 208 adults with a history of suicidality and/or depression; 343 adult psychiatric outpatients; 326 young adults at elevated suicide risk; and 183 undergraduates...
March 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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