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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778040/violence-against-child-protection-workers-a-study-of-workers-experiences-attributions-and-coping-strategies
#1
Josianne Lamothe, Amélie Couvrette, Gabrielle Lebrun, Gabrielle Yale, Camille Roy, Stéphane Guay, Steve Geoffrion
Child protection workers (CPWs) are frequently exposed to client violence, both psychological and physical, in their line of work whether they operate in the community or in residential settings. Despite this known vulnerability, research on the subject has lagged. The current study sought to analyze CPWs' experiences with client violence, their interpretation of it, its perceived consequences and their coping strategies. Specifically, 30 CPWs working both in the community and in residential settings, took part in an in-depth, semi-structured interview...
May 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755813/silicosis-in-turkey-is-it-an-endless-nightmare-or-is-there-still-hope
#2
REVIEW
Metin Akgün, Begüm Ergan
Silicosis is an ancient but still life-threatening occupational lung disease because of its incurable nature. Although its risks are known in many occupational settings and effective control strategies are well established, new cases, even epidemics, continue to occur in different sectors of Turkey. Before taking action, defining the magnitude of the problem is essential. In this concise review, we aimed to present the current situation of silicosis in Turkey. According to the data available to date, silicosis continues to be a major health problem in different sectors...
April 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754929/one-size-fits-all-peak-vo-2-a-dream-or-a-nightmare
#3
EDITORIAL
Jeness Campodonico, Piergiuseppe Agostoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743770/paradoxical-reaction-to-midazolam-in-preterm-neonates-a-case-series
#4
Mahendra Kumar Gupta, Jayashree A Mondkar, Deepraj Hegde
Midazolam is a drug belonging to the benzodiazepine group and is used commonly for seizure control as well as preoperative and procedure-related sedation in neonates. Many adverse effects of midazolam have been reported in the past. Paradoxical stimulation of the central nervous system such as restlessness, nightmare, and hallucinations as well as hypomanic behavior has been reported in adults and children. Seizure is a rare adverse effect of midazolam. Cases of myoclonic movements associated with midazolam have been published worldwide; however, none so far have been reported from India...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735591/the-alchemist-s-nightmare-might-mesenchymal-stem-cells-that-are-recruited-to-repair-the-injured-heart-be-transformed-into-fibroblasts-rather-than-cardiomyocytes
#5
REVIEW
Milton Packer
The injection of mesenchymal stem cells into the injured myocardium to induce cardiac regeneration has yielded disappointing results, conceivably because cells with cardioreparative potential must be supplied for long periods of time to produce a salutary effect. Accordingly, investigators have devised ways of directing such cells to the heart on an ongoing basis: by enhancing the action of endogenous peptides that function as cardiac homing signals (eg, stromal cell-derived factor-1). Stromal cell-derived factor-1 is released during acute cardiac injury and heart failure, but it has a short half-life because of degradation by dipeptidyl peptidase-4...
May 8, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734987/insomnia-and-nightmares-as-markers-of-risk-for-suicidal-ideation-in-young-people-investigating-the-role-of-defeat-and-entrapment
#6
Kirsten Russell, Susan Rasmussen, Simon C Hunter
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Although converging evidence has identified sleep problems as robust predictors of suicidal ideation in young people, the psychological processes driving these associations are not yet known. The current study aimed to test predictions, informed by the Integrated Motivational-Volitional (IMV) Model of Suicidal Behavior, concerning the role of feelings of defeat and entrapment within the sleep-suicide relationship. METHODS: Volunteers aged 15 to 17 years (n = 1,045) from Scottish secondary schools completed an anonymous self-report survey assessing insomnia symptoms, nightmares, suicidal ideation, depressive symptomology, and feelings of defeat and entrapment...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734981/sleep-disturbances-in-australian-vietnam-veterans-with-and-without-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#7
Timothy Baird, Sarah McLeay, Wendy Harvey, Rebecca Theal, Dayna Law, Robyn O'Sullivan
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a condition that may develop after a traumatic event, particularly combat-related trauma. Although sleep disturbance is a hallmark of PTSD, the prevalence of sleep disturbances in Australian veterans with PTSD remains uncertain. This study aimed to subjectively compare the prevalence of sleep disturbances in Australian Vietnam veterans with and without PTSD. METHODS: A cross-sectional cohort study compared trauma-exposed Australian Vietnam veterans with and without PTSD...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734974/differentiating-single-and-multiple-suicide-attempters-what-nightmares-can-tell-us-that-other-predictors-cannot
#8
Katrina J Speed, Christopher W Drapeau, Michael R Nadorff
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Although nightmares have been associated with suicidal behavior beyond well-known risk factors, the association between nightmares and multiple suicide attempts remains largely unexplored. This study addressed this gap in the literature by examining whether nightmares differentiated between individuals who reported single versus multiple suicide attempts. The individual contributions of nightmare frequency, distress/severity, and chronicity were also investigated to determine which variable contributed the most variance...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730108/pericardial-adhesions-and-cardiac-surgeons-nightmares
#9
EDITORIAL
Victor A Ferraris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716655/a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-cross-over-clinical-trial-of-donepezil-in-posterior-cortical-atrophy-due-to-underlying-alzheimer-s-disease-donipad-study
#10
Basil H Ridha, Sebastian Crutch, Dawn Cutler, Christopher Frost, William Knight, Suzie Barker, Norah Epie, Elizabeth K Warrington, Riitta Kukkastenvehmas, Jane Douglas, Martin N Rossor
BACKGROUND: The study investigated whether donepezil exerts symptomatic benefit in patients with posterior cortical atrophy (PCA), an atypical variant of Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: A single-centre, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over clinical trial was performed to assess the efficacy of donepezil in patients with PCA. Each patient received either donepezil (5 mg once daily in the first 6 weeks and 10 mg once daily in the second 6 weeks) or placebo for 12 weeks...
May 1, 2018: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710714/the-end-of-the-beginning-of-the-alzheimer-s-disease-nightmare-a-devil-s-advocate-s-view
#11
Anders Wimo
Although there have been so many failures in Alzheimer's disease (AD) modifying trials, there are still many compounds in the pipeline and the hope still remains that the entrance of disease-modifying treatment (DMT) for AD will positively and dramatically change the whole situation of AD treatment. However, if DMT does enter the market, it will be the beginning of a great number of challenges and problems. The current infrastructure for diagnostics of early (pre-dementia) AD does not have the capacity to meet the demands and expectations of the population...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710163/prazosin-may-not-reduce-nightmares-in-veterans-with-ptsd
#12
Anita Slomski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701345/emergency-nightmares-rupture-of-type-iii-thoracoabdominal-aneurysm
#13
Marina Dias-Neto, José Fernando Ramos, João Rocha Neves, Pedro Almeida, Augusto Rocha E Silva, José Fernando Teixeira
Introduction The rupture of thoracoabdominal aneurysms (rTAA) represents one of the major challenges to the vascular surgeon. Recent developments in the endovascular armamentarium and the high mortality from open surgery make endovascular treatment an attractive option. Devices to be used in an emergency environment should be "off-the-shelf" and include, among others, EVAR snorkel/chimney and branched endoprosthesis (T-branch, Cook®). METHODS: We describe the case of a 70-year-old patient who was admitted to the emergency room due continuous low back pain with 3 days of evolution...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698000/benefits-and-challenges-of-using-service-dogs-for-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#14
Bobbi Jo H Yarborough, Scott P Stumbo, Micah T Yarborough, Ashli Owen-Smith, Carla A Green
OBJECTIVE: Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are increasingly seeking service dogs to help them manage trauma-related symptoms, yet literature describing service dog use in this population is scant. The goal of this study was to document the benefits and challenges experienced by veterans with service dogs trained to assist with PTSD-related needs. METHOD: Participants were veterans (N = 41) with service dogs, and their caregivers (n = 8), recruited through community-based service dog training agencies...
April 26, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684315/sleep-disorders-in-patients-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#15
REVIEW
Ali A El-Solh, Usman Riaz, Jasmine Roberts
A growing body of evidence supports a bidirectional relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sleep disturbances. Fragmented sleep induced by sleep-related breathing disorders, insomnia, and nightmares impacts recovery and treatment outcomes and worsens PTSD symptoms. Despite recent attention, management of these disorders has been unrewarding in the setting of PTSD. This review summarizes the evidence for empirically supported treatments of these sleep ailments as it relates to PTSD including psychotherapeutic and pharmacologic interventions...
April 20, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673010/the-nightmare-ecg-of-a-spontaneously-aborted-sudden-cardiac-death
#16
Giovanni Coluccia, Raffaele Punzi, Silvia Polini, Concetto La Rosa, Mariano Rillo
We present the case of a spontaneously aborted sudden cardiac death related to an high-rate ventricular tachycardia in an healthy man with bileaflet mitral valve prolapse. An effective treatment of the patient, with complete suppression of ventricular ectopic activity, was achieved only combining medical therapy, ICD and catheter ablation, thus overcoming the limitations of each approach.
April 19, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666130/does-dexmedetomidine-given-as-a-premedication-or-intraoperatively-reduce-post-hospitalisation-behaviour-change-in-children-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-a-tertiary-paediatric-hospital
#17
Paul Lee-Archer, Craig McBride, Rebecca Paterson, Michael Reade, Britta Regli-von Ungern-Sternberg, Deborah Long
INTRODUCTION: It has been reported that post-hospitalisation behaviour change (PHBC) occurs in over 50% of children undergoing a general anaesthetic and manifests as behaviours such as sleep and eating disorders, defiance of authority, nightmares, enuresis and temper tantrums. The effect is usually short-lived (2-4 weeks); however, in 5-10% of children, these behaviours can last up to 12 months. The risk factors for developing PHBC include underlying anxiety in the child or parent, a previous bad hospital experience, emergence delirium and preschool age...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628334/consolidative-mechanisms-of-emotional-processing-in-rem-sleep-and-ptsd
#18
REVIEW
Anthony L A Murkar, Joseph De Koninck
Research suggests sleep plays a role in the consolidation of recently acquired memories for long-term storage. rapid eye movement (REM) sleep has been shown to play a complex role in emotional-memory processing, and may be involved in subsequent waking-day emotional reactivity and amygdala responsivity. Interaction of the hippocampus and basolateral amygdala with the medial-prefrontal cortex is associated with sleep-dependent learning and emotional memory processing. REM is also implicated in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is characterized by sleep disturbance, heightened reactivity to fearful stimuli, and nightmares...
March 15, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626827/nightmares-and-suicide-risk-in-psychiatric-patients-the-roles-of-hopelessness-and-male-depressive-symptoms
#19
Dorian A Lamis, Marco Innamorati, Denise Erbuto, Isabella Berardelli, Franco Montebovi, Gianluca Serafini, Mario Amore, Barry Krakow, Paolo Girardi, Maurizio Pompili
Although nightmares have been shown to increase the risk for suicide, less is known about the mechanisms underlying this relationship. In order to address this gap and guided by the hopelessness theory of suicide risk, we examined hopelessness and male depressive symptoms as risk factors for suicide while considering the frequency of and impairment due to nightmares. Data were collected from 172 psychiatrically hospitalized, adult patients (91 women, 81 men) with an average age of 39.15 (SD = 13.48) years...
March 23, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623448/recent-genetics-and-epigenetics-approaches-to-ptsd
#20
REVIEW
Nikolaos P Daskalakis, Chuda M Rijal, Christopher King, Laura M Huckins, Kerry J Ressler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Following a life-threatening traumatic exposure, about 10% of those exposed are at considerable risk for developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a severe and disabling syndrome characterized by uncontrollable intrusive memories, nightmares, avoidance behaviors, and hyperarousal in addition to impaired cognition and negative emotion symptoms. This review will explore recent genetic and epigenetic approaches to PTSD that explain some of the differential risk following trauma exposure...
April 5, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
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