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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231095/optimization-of-fat-reduced-puff-pastry-using-response-surface-methodology
#1
Christoph Silow, Emanuele Zannini, Claudia Axel, Markus C E Belz, Elke K Arendt
Puff pastry is a high-fat bakery product with fat playing a key role, both during the production process and in the final pastry. In this study, response surface methodology (RSM) was successfully used to evaluate puff pastry quality for the development of a fat-reduced version. The technological parameters modified included the level of roll-in fat, the number of fat layers (50-200) and the final thickness (1.0-3.5 mm) of the laminated dough. Quality characteristics of puff pastry were measured using the Texture Analyzer with an attached Extended Craft Knife (ECK) and Multiple Puncture Probe (MPP), the VolScan and the C-Cell imaging system...
February 22, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231094/can-the-palatability-of-healthy-satiety-promoting-foods-increase-with-repeated-exposure-during-weight-loss
#2
Katherene O-B Anguah, Jennifer C Lovejoy, Bruce A Craig, Malinda M Gehrke, Philip A Palmer, Petra E Eichelsdoerfer, Megan A McCrory
Repeated exposure to sugary, fatty, and salty foods often enhances their appeal. However, it is unknown if exposure influences learned palatability of foods typically promoted as part of a healthy diet. We tested whether the palatability of pulse containing foods provided during a weight loss intervention which were particularly high in fiber and low in energy density would increase with repeated exposure. At weeks 0, 3, and 6, participants (n = 42; body mass index (BMI) 31.2 ± 4.3 kg/m²) were given a test battery of 28 foods, approximately half which had been provided as part of the intervention, while the remaining half were not foods provided as part of the intervention...
February 22, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222872/clinical-marginal-fit-of-zirconia-crowns-and-patients-preferences-for-impression-techniques-using-intraoral-digital-scanner-versus-polyvinyl-siloxane-material
#3
Nawapat Sakornwimon, Chalermpol Leevailoj
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The use of digital intraoral scanners is increasing; however, evidence of its precision in making crown impressions clinically remains scarce. Patients should also feel more comfortable with digital impressions, but only a few studies evaluating this subject have been performed. PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical study was to evaluate the marginal fit of monolithic zirconia crowns and patients' preferences for digital impressions versus polyvinyl siloxane (PVS) impressions...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222821/using-long-term-averted-goats-for-selective-grazing-in-olive-groves
#4
E Albanell, C L Manuelian, M Rovai, A A K Salama, G Caja
Conditioned taste aversion (CTA) is a useful tool to modify animal feed preferences, allowing the implementation of selective grazing to control weeds in tree orchards without damaging the trees or affecting fruit production. LiCl is commonly used for inducing CTA. However, studies investigating the long-term persistence of CTA by LiCl in small ruminants are scarce. With this aim, we evaluated the efficiency of two LiCl doses (AV1 and AV2, 175 and 200 mg/kg BW, respectively) and a control (C, 0 mg/kg BW) for averting non-lactating dairy goats (n=15) to olive tree leaves...
February 22, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222818/store-directed-price-promotions-and-communications-strategies-improve-healthier-food-supply-and-demand-impact-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-baltimore-city-store-intervention-trial
#5
Nadine Budd, Jayne K Jeffries, Jessica Jones-Smith, Anna Kharmats, Ann Yelmokas McDermott, Joel Gittelsohn
OBJECTIVE: Small food store interventions show promise to increase healthy food access in under-resourced areas. However, none have tested the impact of price discounts on healthy food supply and demand. We tested the impact of store-directed price discounts and communications strategies, separately and combined, on the stocking, sales and prices of healthier foods and on storeowner psychosocial factors. DESIGN: Factorial design randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Twenty-four corner stores in low-income neighbourhoods of Baltimore City, MD, USA...
February 22, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220985/the-head-and-neck-cancer-patient-concern-inventory-%C3%A2-patient-concerns-prevalence-dental-concerns-impact-and-relationships-of-concerns-with-quality-of-life-measures
#6
Maria L Aguilar, Pamela Sandow, John W Werning, Lia Brenneman, Walter J Psoter
PURPOSE: The Patient Concern Inventory(©) (PCI) is a clinical tool of self-reported patient concerns to be used by the clinician to structure the patient-oncologist visit. It was developed in the United Kingdom to address the issues of quality of life (QOL) in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients. The purpose of the study reported here was to determine the prevalence of PCI(©) items, the associations between PCI(©) items and QOL, and to explore the importance of oral/dental issues in the patient's well-being...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218483/antimicrobial-potential-and-gustatory-perception-of-chlorhexidine-gluconate-mouthwashes-with-or-without-alcohol-after-a-single-rinse-a-randomized-controlled-crossover-clinical-trial
#7
R Cantarelli, T C Negrini, Fwmg Muniz, Hjr Oballe, R A Arthur, C K Rösing
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this double-blind randomized clinical trial was to assess whether the presence of alcohol in chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwashes influences their antimicrobial potential against salivary bacteria in young adults. Additionally, the taste perception was assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized crossover design, 20 participants (17 women and three men; aged 18-38 years old) rinsed with the 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate with (CHX+) or without alcohol (CHX-) for 1 min...
November 7, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214382/allergic-contact-cheilitis-from-anethole-containing-toothpastes-a-practical-solution
#8
N Horst, J Leysen, T Mellaerts, J Lambert, O Aerts
In patients presenting with therapy-resistant cheilitis, especially when extending to the perioral skin, patch tests should be performed, even in longstanding cases(1-2) . A 55-year-old woman suffered from an oozing cheilitis for three months with erythema, edema and crusting of the lips and perioral skin (Fig. 1). An intra-oral burning sensation, loss of taste and a dry mouth were also present. Microbiological swabs and a blood analysis did not reveal any abnormalities, and the application of topical corticosteroids brought only temporary relief...
February 18, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210437/oral-manifestation-and-salivary-changes-in-renal-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#9
Marieh Honarmand, Leila Farhad-Mollashahi, Alireza Nakhaee, Fahimeh Sargolzaie
BACKGROUND: Salivary changes in hemodialysis patients may result in various oral manifestations. This research intended to determine oral manifestations and some salivary markers in hemodialysis patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 30 hemodialysis patients (the patient group) and 30 healthy individuals (the control group). Saliva urea and calcium levels and pH values of the participants were measured, and oral manifestations such as pale mucosa, xerostomia, halitosis, changes in the sense of taste, increased calculus formation, gingival bleeding, etc...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202412/play-with-your-food-sensory-play-is-associated-with-tasting-of-fruits-and-vegetables-in-preschool-children
#10
Helen Coulthard, Anne-Marie Sealy
The objective of the current study was to ascertain whether taking part in a sensory play activity with real fruits and vegetables (FV) can encourage tasting in preschool children, compared to a non-food activity or visual exposure to the activity. Three to four year old pre-school children (N = 62) were recruited from three preschool nursery classes from a school in Northamptonshire, UK. A between participants experimental study was conducted with each class assigned to one of three conditions; sensory FV play, sensory non-food play and visual FV exposure...
February 12, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196787/current-forms-of-inhibitory-training-produce-no-greater-reduction-in-drinking-than-simple-assessment-a-preliminary-study
#11
Janette L Smith, Nicole J Dash, Stuart J Johnstone, Katrijn Houben, Matt Field
BACKGROUND: Disinhibition is apparent in users of many substances, including heavy drinkers. Previous research has shown that brief training to improve inhibitory control is associated with reduced alcohol consumption. We investigated whether a new form of inhibitory training would produce greater reductions, relative to a carefully designed control condition and a proven method of reducing consumption, the Brief Alcohol Intervention (BAI). METHODS: One hundred and fourteen regular drinkers were assigned randomly to one of five training conditions: Control (no inhibitory training); Beer-NoGo (inhibit responses linked to task-irrelevant pictures of beer); Restrained-Stop (requiring more urgent inhibition but without pictures of beer); Combined (a previously untested form of training requiring urgent inhibition to pictures of beer); or BAI...
January 31, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192441/cyclic-amp-regulates-postnatal-development-of-neural-and-behavioral-responses-to-nacl-in-rats
#12
Jie Qian, Shobha Mummalaneni, Tam-Hao T Phan, Gerard L Heck, John A DeSimone, David West, Sunila Mahavadi, Deanna Hojati, Karnam S Murthy, Mee-Ra Rhyu, Andrew I Spielman, Mehmet Hakan Özdener, Vijay Lyall
During postnatal development rats demonstrate an age-dependent increase in NaCl chorda tympani (CT) responses and the number of functional apical amiloride-sensitive epithelial Na+ channels (ENaCs) in salt sensing fungiform (FF) taste receptor cells (TRCs). Currently, the intracellular signals that regulate the postnatal development of salt taste have not been identified. We investigated the effect of cAMP, a downstream signal for arginine vasopressin (AVP) action, on the postnatal development of NaCl responses in 19-23 day old rats...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192132/flavor-preferences-conditioned-by-nutritive-and-non-nutritive-sweeteners-in-mice
#13
Anthony Sclafani, Karen Ackroff
Recent studies suggest that preferences are conditioned by nutritive (sucrose) but not by non-nutritive (sucralose) sweeteners in mice. Here we compared the effectiveness of nutritive and non-nutritive sweeteners to condition flavor preferences in three mouse strains. Isopreferred sucrose and sucralose solutions both conditioned flavor preferences in C57BL/6J (B6) mice but sucrose was more effective, consistent with its post-oral appetition action. Subsequent experiments compared flavor conditioning by fructose, which has no post-oral appetition effect in B6 mice, and a sucralose+saccharin mixture (SS) which is highly preferred to fructose in 24-h choice tests...
February 10, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183868/separation-of-different-pollen-types-by-chemotactile-sensing-in-bombus-terrestris
#14
Fabian A Ruedenauer, Sara D Leonhardt, Fabian Schmalz, Wolfgang Rössler, Martin F Strube-Bloss
When tasting food, animals rely on chemical and tactile cues, which determine the animal's decision on whether or not to eat food. As food nutritional composition has enormous consequences for the survival of animals, food items should generally be tasted before they are eaten or collected for later consumption. Even though recent studies confirmed the importance of e.g. gustatory cues, compared to olfaction only little is known about the representation of chemotactile stimuli at the receptor level (let alone higher brain centers) in animals other than vertebrates...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182503/do-glucose-and-caffeine-nasal-sprays-influence-exercise-and-or-cognitive-performance
#15
Kevin De Pauw, Bart Roelands, Jeroen Van Cutsem, Lieselot Decroix, Angelica Valente, Kim Taehee, Robert B LettanII, Andres E Carrillo, Romain Meeusen
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Since nasal sprays (NAS) containing caffeine (CAF) or glucose (GLUC) activate sensory(motor) cortices, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of CAF or GLUC-NAS on exercise and cognitive performance. METHODS: Eleven male subjects (Age: 22±2 yrs) performed a maximal cycle test, two familiarization and three experimental trials. Each trial included a 30 s Wingate test and a 30 min time-trial (TT) performance test interspersed by 15 min of rest...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181242/sensory-profile-and-consumer-acceptability-of-prebiotic-white-chocolate-with-sucrose-substitutes-and-the-addition-of-goji-berry-lycium-barbarum
#16
Janaína Madruga Morais Ferreira, Bruna Marcacini Azevedo, Valdecir Luccas, Helena Maria André Bolini
Functional food is a product containing nutrients that provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the descriptive sensory profile and consumers' acceptance of functional (prebiotic) white chocolates with and without the addition of an antioxidant source (goji berry [GB]) and sucrose replacement. The descriptive sensory profile was determined by quantitative descriptive analysis (QDA) with trained assessors (n = 12), and the acceptance test was performed with 120 consumers...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164195/a-potential-sex-dimorphism-in-the-relationship-between-bitter-taste-and-alcohol-consumption
#17
Emma Louise Beckett, Konsta Duesing, Lyndell Boyd, Zoe Yates, Martin Veysey, Mark Lucock
BACKGROUND: Bitterness is an innate aversive taste important in detecting potentially toxic substances, including alcohol. However, bitter compounds exist in many foods and beverages, and can be desirable, such as in beer. TAS2R38 is a well-studied bitter taste receptor with common polymorphisms. Some have reported relationships between TAS2R38 genotypes, bitter taste phenotype and alcohol intake, however results have been mixed. These mixed results may be explained by the varying taste properties of different alcoholic beverages or a sex dimorphism in responses...
February 6, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161735/development-of-a-report-card-for-identifying-local-sublingual-immunotherapy-events-in-clinical-trials
#18
Josephine Norquist, Emuella Flood, Tiffany Tanzosh, Haojie Li, Beata Iskold, Thelma Rose Ganser, Helen Marson-Smith
BACKGROUND: The sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) Report Card was developed to capture patient-reported local reactions from the administration of SLIT, based on the World Allergy Organization side-effect grading system. The objective was to evaluate understandability, usability, and translatability of the paper and electronic versions of the SLIT Report Card. METHODS: Adults (aged 18+ years), adolescents (aged 12-17 years), and parents/caregivers and their children (aged 5-11 years) participated in two rounds of interviews, testing the paper version in Round 1, and both the paper and electronic versions in Round 2...
February 4, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160091/mediation-of-psychosocial-determinants-in-the-relation-between-socio-economic-status-and-adolescents-diet-quality
#19
Nathalie Michels, Lisa Vynckier, Luis A Moreno, Laurent Beghin, Alex de la O, Maria Forsner, Marcela Gonzalez-Gross, Inge Huybrechts, Isabel Iguacel, Antonio Kafatos, Mathilde Kersting, Catherine Leclercq, Yannis Manios, Ascension Marcos, Denes Molnar, Michael Sjöström, Kurt Widhalm, Stefaan De Henauw
PURPOSE: To examine the underlying reasons for the positive relation between socio-economic status (SES) and the diet quality of adolescents. METHODS: In 2081 adolescents (12.5-17.5 years) of the European HELENA study, a continuous variable on diet quality via 2-day 24-h recalls was available. SES was reflected by parental education, parental occupation and family affluence. Mediation by several psychosocial determinants was tested: self-efficacy, availability at school and home, social support, barriers, benefits, awareness and some self-reported influencers (parents, school, taste, health, friends, food readily available, easy preparation, hunger, price and habits)...
February 3, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157672/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-taste-and-smell-impairment-in-a-nationwide-representative-sample-of-the-us-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Gang Liu, Geng Zong, Richard L Doty, Qi Sun
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of, and explore potential risk factors for, taste and smell dysfunction in the general population of the USA. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: A cross-sectional analysis of data collected in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 2013-2014). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3519 men and women aged 40 years and older who participated in NHANES 2013-2014. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Using the NHANES Pocket Smell Test, smell impairment was defined as failing to correctly identify 6 or more of the 8 odours...
November 9, 2016: BMJ Open
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