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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891461/comparison-of-therapeutic-efficacy-of-placental-extract-with-dexamethasone-and-hyaluronic-acid-with-dexamethasone-for-oral-submucous-fibrosis-a-retrospective-analysis
#1
Palak Hasmukhbhai Shah, Rashmi Venkatesh, Chandramani Bhagawan More, Vaishnavee Vassandacoumara
INTRODUCTION: Oral Submucous Fibrosis (OSMF) is a potentially malignant disease of the oral cavity associated with betel nut chewing. The management of OSMF has been a subject of controversy and no definitive and widely accepted treatment is currently available for this condition. AIM: To retrospectively evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of two treatment regimens (placental extract with dexamethasone and hyaluronic acid with dexamethasone) for the treatment of OSMF...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818698/relationship-of-the-cold-heat-sensation-of-the-limbs-and-abdomen-with-physiological-biomarkers
#2
Duong Duc Pham, JeongHoon Lee, GaYul Kim, JiYeon Song, JiEun Kim, Chae Hun Leem
The present study explored the relationship between the regional Cold-Heat sensation, the key indicator of the Cold-Heat patterns in traditional East Asian medicine (TEAM), and various biomarkers in Korean population. 734 apparently healthy volunteers aged 20 years and older were enrolled. Three scale self-report questions on the general thermal feel in hands, legs, and abdomen were examined. We found that 65% of women tended to perceive their body, particularly their hands and legs, to be cold, versus 25% of men...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747728/colchicine-induced-acute-neuromyopathy-in-a-patient-using-concomitant-fluconazole-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Yi-Chia Su, Chih-Chien Wu
A 54-year-old woman presented at the emergency department after experiencing lower limb weakness and bilateral ankle pain for 2 days. She had a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, diabetes mellitus nephropathy with chronic kidney disease, and chronic gouty arthritis. She had received 0.6 mg colchicine orally once or twice daily for 8 months. Four days prior to her emergency department visit, she was discharged from our nephrology ward, where she had been admitted because of a urinary tract infection. During hospitalization, she was treated with intravenous cefazolin for 7 days...
December 2015: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720650/clinicobiochemical-evaluation-of-turmeric-with-black-pepper-and-nigella-sativa-in-management-of-oral-submucous-fibrosis-a-double-blind-randomized-preliminary-study
#4
Pratik R Pipalia, Rajeshwari G Annigeri, Ranjeeta Mehta
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of turmeric with black pepper and nigella sativa in oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF). STUDY DESIGN: Forty OSMF patients were randomly divided into two groups. The study was performed under a double-blind, randomized design. Group A received turmeric with black pepper and group B received nigella sativa for 3 months. Clinical evaluation was done every 15 days. Patients' serum superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels were assessed before and after treatment and also compared with healthy controls...
December 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684535/sensory-topography-of-oral-structures
#5
Shethal Bearelly, Steven W Cheung
Importance: Sensory function in the oral cavity and oropharynx is integral to effective deglutition and speech production. The main hurdle to evaluation of tactile consequences of upper aerodigestive tract diseases and treatments is access to a reliable clinical tool. We propose a rapid and reliable procedure to determine tactile thresholds using buckling monofilaments to advance care. Objective: To develop novel sensory testing monofilaments and map tactile thresholds of oral cavity and oropharyngeal structures...
September 29, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669725/comparison-of-self-perceived-oral-symptoms-and-periodontal-parameters-among-habitual-%C3%A2-shamma-chewers-gutka-chewers-and-non-chewers
#6
Mansour Al-Askar, Tariq Abduljabbar, Fahim Vohra, Sandeep Pasumarthy, Elham Gholamiazizi, Michael Yunker, Georgios E Romanos, Fawad Javed
OBJECTIVE: There are no studies that have (a) compared self-perceived oral symptoms and clinical and radiographic periodontal parameters (plaque index [PI], bleeding on probing [BoP], clinical attachment loss [CAL], and marginal bone loss [MBL]) among shamma-chewers (SC) and gutka-chewers (GC); and (b) assessed periodontal parameters among SC. The aim of the present study was to compare the self-perceived oral symptoms and periodontal parameters among SC, GC, and controls. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Information regarding demographic characteristics and self-perceived oral symptoms was gathered using a structured questionnaire...
September 26, 2016: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665986/oral-leukoplakia-associated-with-amalgam-restorations
#7
Zeynep B Gönen, Canay Yılmaz Asan, Osman Etöz, Alper Alkan
The World Health Organization has defined oral leukoplakia (OL) as "a white patch or plaque of the oral mucosa that cannot be characterized clinically or pathologically as any other disease". A 21-year-old male with OL presented with a bilateral burning sensation in the buccal mucosa. The patient had amalgam restorations, and an epicutaneous patch test indicated a positive response to amalgam. The amalgam restorations were therefore removed and the cavities were refilled with a composite resin restorative material...
2016: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617821/two-thirds-lip-defects-a-new-combined-reconstructive-technique-for-patients-with-epithelial-cancer
#8
Tiziana Vitagliano, Lucia Stella Curto, Antonio Greto Ciriaco, Pietro Gareri, Diego Ribuffo, Manfredi Greco
BACKGROUND: The lips are a common site prone to squamous cell carcinomas, which arise in the facial region. There are different techniques to reconstruct the excised lip region, according to dimensions, area, and position of the tumor. The authors describe a new technique of lip reconstruction born from a combination between a nasolabial flap and adipose tissue transplant. METHODS: The study was lead in the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department of the University of Catanzaro...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533628/case-study-gluteal-compartment-syndrome-as-a-cause-of-lumbosacral-radiculoplexopathy-and-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#9
Andrew Lederman, David Turk, Antonio Howard, Srinivas Reddy, Michelle Stern
We present the case of a 24 yr old male who was diagnosed with gluteal compartment syndrome and was subsequently found to have developed lumbosacral radiculoplexopathy and complex regional pain syndrome. The patient's gluteal compartment syndrome was diagnosed within 24 h of presentation to the emergency room, and he underwent emergent compartment release. While recovering postoperatively, persistent weakness was noted in the right lower limb. Results of electrodiagnostic testing were consistent with a lumbosacral radiculoplexopathy...
2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513396/the-effects-of-conscious-sedation-with-nitrous-oxide-oxygen-on-cognitive-functions
#10
Sara Samur Ergüven, Ertan Ali Delilbaşi, Berrin İşik, Ferhunde Öktem
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of conscious sedation with 40% nitrous oxide/oxygen (N2O/O2) on cognitive functions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty dental patients referred to the sedation unit at Gazi University Faculty of Dentistry Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery received a combination of 40% N2O/O2 inhalation for conscious sedation. Psychometric tests were applied three times: before sedation, during sedation, and at the end of the recovery, for assessing cognitive functions...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511471/oral-sensory-nerve-damage-causes-and-consequences
#11
REVIEW
Derek J Snyder, Linda M Bartoshuk
Oral sensations (i.e., taste, oral somatosensation, retronasal olfaction) are integrated into a composite sense of flavor, which guides dietary choices with long-term health impact. The nerves carrying this input are vulnerable to peripheral damage from multiple sources (e.g., otitis media, tonsillectomy, head injury), and this regional damage can boost sensations elsewhere in the mouth because of central interactions among nerve targets. Mutual inhibition governs this compensatory process, but individual differences lead to variation in whole-mouth outcomes: some individuals are unaffected, others experience severe loss, and some encounter sensory increases that may (if experienced early in life) elevate sweet-fat palatability and body mass...
June 2016: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504419/evaluation-of-antifungal-efficacy-of-ethanolic-crude-lawsone-and-listerine-mouthwash-in-uncontrolled-diabetics-and-denture-wearers-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Bhavana Sujanamulk, Rajalakshmi Chintamaneni, Anuradha Chennupati, Prashant Nahar, Rattaiah Setty Chaluvadi, Ramakrishna Vemugunta, Meka Venkata Poorna Prabhat
INTRODUCTION: Lawsonia Inermis (LI) is a shrub cultivated throughout India. Many in vitro studies have been done on antifungal activity of LI, although none of the studies have been conducted invivo. AIM: To evaluate the antifungal efficacy of ethanolic extract of crude lawsone in comparison with listerine mouth wash in known diabetics and wearing dentures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 subjects were taken and randomly divided into two groups of 30 each...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500111/comparison-of-therapeutic-effects-of-topical-azithromycin-solution-and-systemic-doxycycline-on-posterior-blepharitis
#13
Mehdi Zandian, Neda Rahimian, Sanaz Soheilifar
AIM: To compare the effect of azithromycin drop and doxycycline capsule on treatment of posterior blepharitis. METHODS: Fifty patients (100 eyes) with moderate posterior blepharitis, randomly divided into two therapeutic groups; all the patients got warm eyelid compress and massage three times a day for 3wk. In addition the first group got azithromycin 1% drop, twice daily for 1wk and then one drop daily for 2wk. The second group got oral doxycycline 100 mg daily for 3wk...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437348/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-curcumin-in-the-treatment-of-oral-lichen-planus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Maryam Amirchaghmaghi, Atessa Pakfetrat, Zahra Delavarian, Hanieh Ghalavani, Ala Ghazi
INTRODUCTION: Oral Lichen Planus (OLP) is a chronic immunological, mucocutaneous disease with a wide range of clinical appearances. The treatment of oral lichen planus is often difficult and disappointing. AIM: We have studied the efficacy of curcumin, a low molecular weight flavonoid with anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant activities, in the treatment of OLP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted with a total of 20 OLP patients...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428227/severity-of-dry-eye-syndrome-is-related-to-anti-dsdna-autoantibody-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-without-secondary-sjogren-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#15
Alexander Chen, Hung-Ta Chen, Yih-Hsiou Hwang, Yi-Tsun Chen, Ching-Hsi Hsiao, Hung-Chi Chen
There are as many as one-third of the systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients who suffer from dry eye syndrome. To this date, dry eye syndrome in SLE patients is believed to be caused by secondary Sjogren syndrome (sSS). However, there is increasing evidence for possible independency of dry eye syndrome and sSS in patients suffering from autoimmune diseases. The purpose of this retrospective observational case series was to identify SLE patients without sSS who had dry eye syndrome, examine the correlation of different autoantibodies and dry eye severity, and determine the cause of dry eye in these patients...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411649/systemic-absorption-of-0-1-triamcinolone-acetonide-as-topical-application-in-management-of-oral-lichen-planus
#16
Athira Aruna Ramadas, Renju Jose, S L Arathy, Seema Kurup, Marina Lazar Chandy, Sreeja P Kumar
CONTEXT: Topical corticosteroids are the treatment of choice for oral lichen planus (OLP) due to its potential anti-inflammatory effect. However, chronic nature of OLP often requires long-term and frequent applications, exposing patients to local and systemic side effects. AIM: To detect the systemic absorption of 0.1% triamcinolone acetonide (TAC) through the oral mucosa of patients with OLP. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a pilot pharmacokinetic study carried out in the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology in collaboration with the Department of Toxicology, over 10 months...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279742/low-dose-aripiprazole-for-refractory-burning-mouth-syndrome
#17
Yojiro Umezaki, Miho Takenoshita, Akira Toyofuku
We report a case of refractory burning mouth syndrome (BMS) ameliorated with low dose of aripiprazole. The patient was a 66-year-old female who had suffered from chronic burning pain in her tongue for 13 months. No abnormality associated with the burning sensation was detected in the laboratory tests and the oral findings. Considering the clinical feature and the history together, we diagnosed the burning sensation as BMS. The BMS pain was decreased by aripiprazole (powder) 1.0 mg/d, though no other antidepressants had satisfying pain relief...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279739/oral-supplementation-with-a-nutraceutical-formulation-containing-omega-3-fatty-acids-vitamins-minerals-and-antioxidants-in-a-large-series-of-patients-with-dry-eye-symptoms-results-of-a-prospective-study
#18
Jordi Gatell-Tortajada
PURPOSE: To assess the benefits and tolerability of a dietary supplement based on omega-3 fatty acids to relieve dry eye symptoms. METHODS: A total of 1,419 patients (74.3% women, mean age 58.9 years) with dry eye syndrome using artificial tears participated in a 12-week prospective study. Patients were instructed to take 3 capsules/day of the nutraceutical formulation (Brudysec(®) 1.5 g). Study variables were dry eye symptoms (scratchy and stinging sensation, eye redness, grittiness, painful and tired eyes, grating sensation, and blurry vision), conjunctival hyperemia, tear breakup time (TBUT), Schrimer I test, and Oxford grading scheme...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27207008/burning-mouth-syndrome-a-review-of-the-etiopathologic-factors-and-management
#19
Sajith Vellappally
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is characterized by pain in the mouth with or with no inflammatory signs and no specific lesions. Synonyms found in literature include glossodynia, oral dysesthesia, glossopyrosis, glossalgia, stomatopyrosis, and stomatodynia. Burning mouth syndrome generally presents as a triad: Mouth pain, alteration in taste, and altered salivation, in the absence of visible mucosal lesions in the mouth. The syndrome generally manifests spontaneously, and the discomfort is typically of a continuous nature but increases in intensity during evening and at night...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134451/to-estimate-the-efficacy-of-0-1-tacrolimus-with-colgate-oraguard-b-paste-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-symptomatic-oral-lichen-planus
#20
Shams Ul Nisa, Tajinder Kaur Saggu
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of 0.1% tacrolimus with Colgate Oraguard-B paste for the treatment of patients with oral lichen planus (OLP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty patients with symptomatic OLP participated in the study, who had clinically and histopathologically proven OLP. In this study, patients were provided with 0.1% tacrolimus ointment with Colgate Oraguard-B paste as the study medication. Patients were asked to use the medication over the areas three times a day until resolution of the lesion...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
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