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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231700/effect-on-quanti-quality-milk-and-mozzarella-cheese-characteristics-with-further-increasing-the-level-of-dried-stoned-olive-pomace-in-diet-for-lactating-buffalo
#1
Agnese Taticchi, Settimio Bartocci, Maurizio Servili, Sabrina Di Giovanni, Mariano Pauselli, Evangelia Mourvaki, David Meo Zilio, Stefano Terramoccia
Objective: Following a previous report, an experiment was conducted to determine the effect of increasing level of DSOP (dried stoned olives pomaces) in the diet of lactating buffaloes on milk and mozzarella cheese yield and characteristics. Methods: Sixteen pluriparous buffaloes distributed into two groups were fed an isoenergetic (0.9 Milk FU/kg) and isoprotein (149 g/kg DM of crude protein) diet, with or without DSOP. Each animal received 17 kg DM/d. Samples of forages and concentrates were weekly collected and used for duplicate chemical analyses...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231685/unmet-psychosocial-needs-in-adolescents-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#2
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are severe medical conditions with adverse impact on the quality of life of both children and their caregivers. IBD are associated with many limitations in personal and interpersonal functioning, and it also restricts the patients' ability to use the full potential (extent) of their capabilities. With the progress and humanization in society, the issue of patients' needs became an important topic; however, the psychosocial functioning and quality of life of adolescents suffering from IBD and their caregivers have been understudied...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231620/sustaining-guideline-implementation-a-multi-site-perspective-on-activities-challenges-and-supports
#3
Kathryn Smith Higuchi, Barbara Davies, Jenny Ploeg
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine activities conducted, challenges encountered, and supports used when sustaining nursing practice guideline implementation in multiple health care organizations over three years. BACKGROUND: Numerous models and frameworks exist to guide the implementation of guidelines, yet very few focus on sustaining improved practice changes. It is not known if one intervention or multiple interventions are required, nor the long-term activities, challenges, and supports for sustaining improved practices...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231606/user-participation-is-a-family-matter-a-multiple-case-study-of-the-experiences-of-older-hospitalized-people-and-their-relatives
#4
Ingrid Nyborg, Lars Johan Danbolt, Marit Kirkevold
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this multiple case study was to compare and contrast older people's and their relatives' experiences of participation in decision-making processes regarding the planning of everyday life after discharge from hospital. BACKGROUND: Internationally, patient involvement in health services is established to benefit patient health and to improve quality of the services. The literature shows that at hospital discharge older people would benefit from better communication and more active participation of relatives in the discharge planning...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231605/endonasal-versus-external-dacryocystorhinostomy-for-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#5
REVIEW
Lona Jawaheer, Caroline J MacEwen, Deepa Anijeet
BACKGROUND: A dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) procedure aims to restore drainage of tears by bypassing a blockage in the nasolacrimal duct, through the creation of a bony ostium that allows communication between the lacrimal sac and the nasal cavity. It can be performed using endonasal or external approaches. The comparative success rates of these two approaches have not yet been established and this review aims to evaluate the relevant up-to-date research. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this review is to compare the success rates of endonasal DCR with that of external DCR...
February 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231561/structural-analysis-of-rebaudioside-a-derivatives-obtained-by-lactobacillus-reuteri-180-glucansucrase-catalyzed-trans-%C3%AE-glucosylation
#6
Gerrit J Gerwig, Evelien M Te Poele, Lubbert Dijkhuizen, Johannis P Kamerling
The wild-type Gtf180-ΔN glucansucrase enzyme from Lactobacillus reuteri 180 was found to catalyze the α-glucosylation of the steviol glycoside rebaudioside A, using sucrose as glucosyl donor in a transglucosylation process. Structural analysis of the formed products by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, methylation analysis and NMR spectroscopy showed that rebaudioside A is specifically α-d-glucosylated at the steviol C-19 β-d-glucosyl moiety (55% conversion). The main product is a mono-(α1 → 6)-glucosylated derivative (RebA-G1)...
January 31, 2017: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231490/lipid-droplet-growth-regulation-of-a-dynamic-organelle
#7
REVIEW
David Barneda, Mark Christian
Intracellular lipid droplets (LDs) are remarkably dynamic and complex organelles that enact regulated storage and release of lipids to fulfil their fundamental roles in energy metabolism, membrane synthesis and provision of lipid-derived signaling molecules. Although small LDs are observed in all types of eukaryotic cells, it is adipocytes that present the widest range of sizes up to the massive unilocular droplet of a white adipocyte. Our knowledge of the proteins and associated processes that control LD dynamics is improving...
February 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231416/feasibility-of-combining-common-data-elements-across-studies-to-test-a-hypothesis
#8
Elizabeth J Corwin, Shirley M Moore, Andrea Plotsky, Margaret M Heitkemper, Susan G Dorsey, Drenna Waldrop-Valverde, Donald E Bailey, Sharron L Docherty, Joanne D Whitney, Carol M Musil, Cynthia M Dougherty, Donna J McCloskey, Joan K Austin, Patricia A Grady
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to describe the outcomes of a collaborative initiative to share data across five schools of nursing in order to evaluate the feasibility of collecting common data elements (CDEs) and developing a common data repository to test hypotheses of interest to nursing scientists. This initiative extended work already completed by the National Institute of Nursing Research CDE Working Group that successfully identified CDEs related to symptoms and self-management, with the goal of supporting more complex, reproducible, and patient-focused research...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231365/alteration-of-serum-levels-of-inflammatory-cytokines-and-polysomnographic-indices-after-uvulopalatal-flap-surgery-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#9
Murad Mutlu, Erkan Vuralkan, Istemihan Akin, Hikmet Firat, Sadik Ardic, Sevgi Akaydin, Ece Miser
The aim of the current study was to compare the changes in polysomnographic indices and serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), cystatin C, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) who were treated surgically via a uvulopalatal flap (UPF) technique. Twenty-five patients (14 men, 11 women), average age 46.2 ± 9.3 years, who underwent UPF surgery were included in this study. Serum biochemical analyses and polysomnographic examinations were performed before and 6 months after the surgery...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231322/clinical-evaluation-of-new-automatic-coronary-specific-best-cardiac-phase-selection-algorithm-for-single-beat-coronary-ct-angiography
#10
Hui Wang, Lei Xu, Zhanming Fan, Junfu Liang, Zixu Yan, Zhonghua Sun
The aim of this study was to evaluate the workflow efficiency of a new automatic coronary-specific reconstruction technique (Smart Phase, GE Healthcare-SP) for selection of the best cardiac phase with least coronary motion when compared with expert manual selection (MS) of best phase in patients with high heart rate. A total of 46 patients with heart rates above 75 bpm who underwent single beat coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) were enrolled in this study. CCTA of all subjects were performed on a 256-detector row CT scanner (Revolution CT, GE Healthcare, Waukesha, Wisconsin, US)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231262/oleanolic-acid-induces-migration-in-mv1lu-and-mda-mb-231-epithelial-cells-involving-egf-receptor-and-map-kinases-activation
#11
Ángel Bernabé-García, David Armero-Barranco, Sergio Liarte, María Ruzafa-Martínez, Antonio Jesús Ramos-Morcillo, Francisco José Nicolás
During wound healing, skin function is restored by the action of several cell types that undergo differentiation, migration, proliferation and/or apoptosis. These dynamics are tightly regulated by the evolution of the extra cellular matrix (ECM) contents along the process. Pharmacologically active flavonoids have shown to exhibit useful physiological properties interesting in pathological states. Among them, oleanolic acid (OA), a pentacyclic triterpene, shows promising properties over wound healing, as increased cell migration in vitro and improved wound resolution in vivo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231171/application-of-hybrid-genetic-algorithm-routine-in-optimizing-food-and-bioengineering-processes
#12
Jaya Shankar Tumuluru, Richard McCulloch
Optimization is a crucial step in the analysis of experimental results. Deterministic methods only converge on local optimums and require exponentially more time as dimensionality increases. Stochastic algorithms are capable of efficiently searching the domain space; however convergence is not guaranteed. This article demonstrates the novelty of the hybrid genetic algorithm (HGA), which combines both stochastic and deterministic routines for improved optimization results. The new hybrid genetic algorithm developed is applied to the Ackley benchmark function as well as case studies in food, biofuel, and biotechnology processes...
November 9, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231163/gluten-free-bread-influence-of-sourdough-and-compressed-yeast-on-proofing-and-baking-properties
#13
Carola Cappa, Mara Lucisano, Andrea Raineri, Lorenzo Fongaro, Roberto Foschino, Manuela Mariotti
The use of sourdough is the oldest biotechnological process to leaven baked goods, and it represents a suitable technology to improve traditional bread texture, aroma, and shelf life. A limited number of studies concerning the use of sourdough in gluten-free (GF) breadmaking have been published in comparison to those on traditional bread. The aim of this study was to compare the properties of GF breads obtained by using a previously in-lab developed GF-sourdough (SD), compressed yeast (CY; Saccharomyces cerevisiae) or their mixture (SDCY) as leavening agents; more specifically, it aims to confirm the findings of a previous studies and to further improve (both in terms of recipe and process) the features of the resulting GF breads...
October 23, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231160/sourdough-based-biotechnologies-for-the-production-of-gluten-free-foods
#14
REVIEW
Luana Nionelli, Carlo Giuseppe Rizzello
Sourdough fermentation, a traditional biotechnology for making leavened baked goods, was almost completely replaced by the use of baker's yeast and chemical leavening agents in the last century. Recently, it has been rediscovered by the scientific community, consumers, and producers, thanks to several effects on organoleptic, technological, nutritional, and functional features of cereal-based products. Acidification, proteolysis, and activation of endogenous enzymes cause several changes during sourdough fermentation, carried out by lactic acid bacteria and yeasts, which positively affect the overall quality of the baked goods...
September 20, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231151/increase-of-chamazulene-and-%C3%AE-bisabolol-contents-of-the-essential-oil-of-german-chamomile-matricaria-chamomilla-l-using-salicylic-acid-treatments-under-normal-and-heat-stress-conditions
#15
Mojtaba Ghasemi, Nadali Babaeian Jelodar, Mohammad Modarresi, Nadali Bagheri, Abbas Jamali
The chamazulene and α-(-)-bisabolol contents and quality of the chamomile oil are affected by genetic background and environmental conditions. Salicylic acid (SA), as a signaling molecule, plays a significant role in the plant physiological processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemical profile, quantity, and improve the essential oil quality as a consequence of the increase of chamazulene and α-(-)-bisabol using salicylic acid under normal and heat stress conditions by the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) technique...
August 27, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231148/potential-use-of-gamma-irradiated-ethnic-ready-to-eat-foods-to-improve-the-nutritional-status-of-landslide-victims
#16
REVIEW
Zubaidah Irawati Koenari, Carmen M Siagian, Bona Simanungkalit, Asti Nilatany, Indra Mustika Pratama, Deudeu Lasmawati, Cecep M Nurcahya
The safety and high quality of ethnic ready-to-eat foods as a source of nourishment and food supplies chain to the remote areas become particularly important. Consuming healthy and balanced nutritional foods means eating better quality foods in proper quantities. Such foods can be developed through a preservation technique by using ionizing radiation. Although implementation of the technology for certain foodstuffs has been implemented in some countries, application of the process to a complete set of meals for selected target groups is still very limited...
July 26, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231114/breads-fortified-with-freeze-dried-vegetables-quality-and-nutritional-attributes-part-1-breads-containing-oil-as-an-ingredient
#17
Viren Ranawana, Vassilios Raikos, Fiona Campbell, Charles Bestwick, Phyllis Nicol, Lesley Milne, Garry Duthie
There is increasing emphasis on reformulating processed foods to make them healthier. This study for the first time comprehensively investigated the effects of fortifying bread (containing oil as an ingredient) with freeze-dried vegetables on its nutritional and physico-chemical attributes. Breads fortified with carrot, tomato, beetroot or broccoli were assessed for nutrition, antioxidant potential, storage life, shelf stability, textural changes and macronutrient oxidation. Furthermore, using an in vitro model the study for the first time examined the impact of vegetable addition on the oxidative stability of macronutrients during human gastro-intestinal digestion...
March 14, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231060/improving-quality-in-the-preanalytical-phase-through-innovation-on-behalf-of-the-european-federation-for-clinical-chemistry-and-laboratory-medicine-eflm-working-group-for-preanalytical-phase-wg-pre
#18
Giuseppe Lippi, Geoffrey S Baird, Giuseppe Banfi, Karin Bölenius, Janne Cadamuro, Stephen Church, Michael P Cornes, Anna Dacey, Antoine Guillon, Georg Hoffmann, Mads Nybo, Lakdasa Devananda Premawardhana, María Salinas, Sverre Sandberg, Robbert Slingerland, Ana Stankovic, Sylte Marit Sverresdotter, Pieter Vermeersch, Ana-Maria Simundic
It is now undeniable that laboratory testing is vital for the diagnosis, prognostication and therapeutic monitoring of human disease. Despite the many advances made for achieving a high degree of quality and safety in the analytical part of diagnostic testing, many hurdles in the total testing process remain, especially in the preanalytical phase ranging from test ordering to obtaining and managing the biological specimens. The Working Group for the Preanalytical Phase (WG-PRE) of the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM) has planned many activities aimed at mitigating the vulnerability of the preanalytical phase, including the organization of three European meetings in the past 7 years...
February 23, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231046/original-research-paper-a-superior-preparation-method-for-daidzein-hydroxypropyl-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-complexes-with-improved-solubility-and-dissolution-supercritical-fluid-process
#19
Hao Pan, Han-Bing Wang, Yi-Bin Yu, Bing-Chao Cheng, Xiao-Yu Wang, Ying Li
Advantages of the supercritical fluid (SCF) process compared to the conventional solution stirring method (CSSM) in the preparation of daidzein-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) complexes were investigated. Formation of daidzein/ HPβCD inclusion complexes was confirmed by Fourier transformed-infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Particle size, inclusion yield, drug solubility and dissolution of daidzein/HPβCD complexes were evaluated...
March 1, 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230899/shared-care-across-the-interface-between-primary-and-specialty-care-in-management-of-long-term-conditions
#20
REVIEW
Susan M Smith, Gráinne Cousins, Barbara Clyne, Shane Allwright, Tom O'Dowd
BACKGROUND: Shared care has been used in the management of many chronic conditions with the assumption that it delivers better care than primary or specialty care alone; however, little is known about the effectiveness of shared care. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of shared care health service interventions designed to improve the management of chronic disease across the primary/specialty care interface. This is an update of a previously published review...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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