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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340450/health-promotion-and-psychological-interventions-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Natalie Katrina Bradford, Raymond Javan Chan
BACKGROUND: The effects of cancer and treatment have severe and long lasting negative impacts on quality of life. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA) have high survival rates but may not reach their full life potential because of these consequences. This review aims to identify, appraise and synthesise the effects of health promotion and psychological interventions for AYA after cancer treatment. METHODS: The review was undertaken using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines...
March 6, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340420/extended-anaerobic-conditions-in-the-biological-wastewater-treatment-higher-reduction-of-toxicity-compared-to-target-organic-micropollutants
#2
Johannes Völker, Tobias Vogt, Sandro Castronovo, Arne Wick, Thomas A Ternes, Adriano Joss, Jörg Oehlmann, Martin Wagner
Extended anaerobic conditions during biological wastewater treatment may enhance the biodegradation of micropollutants. To explore this, we combined iron-reducing or substrate-limited anaerobic conditions and aerobic pilot-scale reactors directly at a wastewater treatment plant. To investigate the detoxification by these processes, we applied two in vitro bioassays for baseline toxicity (Microtox) and reactive toxicity (AREc32) as well as in vivo bioassays with aquatic model species in two laboratory experiments (Desmodesmus subspicatus, Daphnia magna) and two on-site, flow-through experiments (Potamopyrgus antipodarum, Lumbriculus variegatus)...
March 14, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340414/intersection-crash-prediction-modeling-with-macro-level-data-from-various-geographic-units
#3
Jaeyoung Lee, Mohamed Abdel-Aty, Qing Cai
There have been great efforts to develop traffic crash prediction models for various types of facilities. The crash models have played a key role to identify crash hotspots and evaluate safety countermeasures. In recent, many macro-level crash prediction models have been developed to incorporate highway safety considerations in the long-term transportation planning process. Although the numerous macro-level studies have found that a variety of demographic and socioeconomic zonal characteristics have substantial effects on traffic safety, few studies have attempted to coalesce micro-level with macro-level data from existing geographic units for estimating crash models...
March 21, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340377/possible-protective-effect-of-royal-jelly-against-cyclophosphamide-induced-prostatic-damage-in-male-albino-rats-a-biochemical-histological-and-immuno-histo-chemical-study
#4
Sara Mohammed Naguib Abdel-Hafez, Rehab Ahmed Rifaai, Walaa Yehia Abdelzaher
Almost all the chemotherapy treat many cancer types effectively, but it leads to severe side effects. Chemotherapy like cyclophosphamide (CP) not works only on the active cells, such as cancer cells, but also acts on the healthy cells. Royal jelly (RJ) was reported to have a lot of therapeutic effects besides being an anti-oxidant and anti-cancer agent. The purpose of this study was to assess the possible protective role of RJ in ameliorating the toxic effects of CP overdose in the rat prostatic tissue. The rats were separated into 4 groups; control group, RJ group, CP group and RJ with CP group...
March 21, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340265/association-of-runx2-and-tnfsf11-genes-with-production-traits-in-a-paternal-broiler-line
#5
N V Grupioni, N B Stafuzza, A B Carvajal, A M G Ibelli, J O Peixoto, M C Ledur, D P Munari
Intense selection for production traits has improved the genetic gain of important economic traits. However, selection for performance and carcass traits has led to the onset of locomotors problems and decreasing bone strength in broilers. Thus, genes associated with bone integrity traits have become candidates for genetic studies in order to reduce the impact of bone disorders in broilers. This study investigated the association of the RUNX2 and TNFSF11 genes with 79 traits related to performance, carcass composition, organs, and bone integrity in a paternal broiler line...
March 22, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340232/a-proposed-set-of-metrics-to-reduce-patient-safety-risk-from-within-the-anatomic-pathology-laboratory
#6
Peter Banks, Richard Brown, Alex Laslowski, Yvonne Daniels, Phil Branton, John Carpenter, Richard Zarbo, Ramses Forsyth, Yan-Hui Liu, Shane Kohl, Joachim Diebold, Shinobu Masuda, Tim Plummer, Eslie Dennis
Background: Anatomic pathology laboratory workflow consists of 3 major specimen handling processes. Among the workflow are preanalytic, analytic, and postanalytic phases that contain multistep subprocesses with great impact on patient care. A worldwide representation of experts came together to create a system of metrics, as a basis for laboratories worldwide, to help them evaluate and improve specimen handling to reduce patient safety risk. Method: Members of the Initiative for Anatomic Pathology Laboratory Patient Safety (IAPLPS) pooled their extensive expertise to generate a list of metrics highlighting processes with high and low risk for adverse patient outcomes...
March 18, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340123/rapid-ascent-from-zero-quality-to-international-organization-for-standardization-accreditation%C3%A2-a-case-study-of-hai-duong-preventive-medicine-center-in-vietnam-2012-2013
#7
Cuong Ngoc Duong, Kyle B Bond, Humberto Carvalho, Hien Bui Thi Thu, Thuong Nguyen, Thomas Rush
Objectives: In 2012, the Vietnam Ministry of Health sought to improve the quality of health laboratories by introducing international quality standards. Methods: Strengthening Laboratory Management Toward Accreditation (SLMTA), a year-long, structured, quality improvement curriculum (including projects and mentorship) was piloted in 12 laboratories. Progress was measured using a standardized audit tool (Stepwise Laboratory Quality Improvement Process Towards Accreditation)...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340118/group-music-therapy-as-a-preventive-intervention-for-young-people-at-risk-cluster-randomized-trial
#8
Christian Gold, Suvi Saarikallio, Alexander Hew Dale Crooke, Katrina Skewes McFerran
Background: Music forms an important part of the lives and identities of adolescents and may have positive or negative mental health implications. Music therapy can be effective for mental disorders such as depression, but its preventive potential is unknown. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine whether group music therapy (GMT) is an effective intervention for young people who may be at risk of developing mental health problems, as indicated via unhealthy music use...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340105/morin-stain-detects-aluminum-containing-macrophages-in-macrophagic-myofasciitis-and-vaccination-granuloma-with-high-sensitivity-and-specificity
#9
Rati Chkheidze, Dennis K Burns, Charles L White, Diana Castro, Julie Fuller, Chunyu Cai
Macrophagic myofasciitis (MMF) is an inflammatory condition associated with the intramuscular (i.m.) injection of aluminum adjuvant-containing vaccines. It is clinically characterized by myalgia, weakness, and chronic fatigue and histologically by aggregates of cohesive macrophages with abundant basophilic, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-positive, diastase-resistant granules that percolate through the peri- and endomysium without eliciting substantial myofiber damage. The definitive diagnosis of MMF requires demonstration of aluminum within these macrophages...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340017/patient-reporting-of-undesirable-events-a-pilot-study-in-china
#10
Jia Yan, Ke Liu, Lifeng Zhang, Ting Chu, Xuehua Wang
Objective: To identify the frequency of undesirable events reported by patients during hospitalization and explore the relationship between undesirable events and perception of safety and satisfaction with care in China. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting: Chinese university hospital. Participants: Adult patients (N = 341) discharged from medical and surgical departments. Interventions: Patients were interviewed post-discharge using a survey instrument to ask whether they had experienced specific undesirable events during hospitalization...
March 10, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339966/operational-challenges-and-opportunities-in-pastured-poultry-operations-in-the-united-states
#11
C Elkhoraibi, M Pitesky, N Dailey, D Niemeier
As pastured poultry production has gained increased popularity in the United States in recent years, there is a growing need for research and outreach efforts aimed at this sector of poultry production. In order to get familiarized with American pastured poultry producers, we conducted an online questionnaire aimed primarily at evaluating what operational challenges are faced by producers and what educational opportunities should be initiated by researchers. Results showed that pastured poultry farms largely vary in total number of acres farmed and total number of birds kept...
March 3, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339890/pennsylvania-state-core-competencies-for-education-on-opioids-and-addiction
#12
Michael A Ashburn, Rachel L Levine
Objective.:  The objective of this project was to develop core competencies for education on opioids and addiction to be used in all Pennsylvania medical schools. Methods.:  The Pennsylvania Physician General created a task force that was responsible for the creation of the core competencies. A literature review was completed, and a survey of graduating medical students was conducted. The task force then developed, reviewed, and approved the core competencies...
March 2, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339813/microstructural-observation-of-fuel-cell-catalyst-inks-by-cryo-sem-and-cryo-tem
#13
Junichi Shimanuki, Shinichi Takahashi, Hajime Tohma, Atsushi Ohma, Ayumi Ishihara, Yoshiko Ito, Yuri Nishino, Atsuo Miyazawa
In order to improve the electricity generation performance of fuel cell electric vehicles, it is necessary to optimize the microstructure of the catalyst layer of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell. The catalyst layer is formed by a wet coating process using catalyst inks. Therefore, it is very important to observe the microstructure of the catalyst ink. In this study, the morphology of carbon-supported platinum (Pt/C) particles in catalyst inks with a different solvent composition was investigated by cryogenic scanning electron microscopy (cryo-SEM)...
February 9, 2017: Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339771/implementing-patient-reported-outcome-surveys-as-part-of-routine-care-lessons-from-an-academic-radiation-oncology-department
#14
Lisa S Rotenstein, Ankit Agarwal, Kelly O'Neil, Andrea Kelly, Maureen Keaty, Colleen Whitehouse, Barbara Kalinowski, Peter F Orio, Neil Wagle, Neil E Martin
Patient reported outcomes (PROs) are reports of health conditions that come directly from patients. Use of PROs has been associated with improved patient outcomes, enhanced quality of life, and reduced end-of-life spending. Yet there are still outstanding questions regarding the process of implementing PRO collection in routine practice. In this article, we describe the experience of selecting and implementing PROs in a multisite, multidisease academic medical center-based radiation oncology practice and demonstrate that such large-scale rollout is feasible...
March 2, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339747/deep-learning-for-pharmacovigilance-recurrent-neural-network-architectures-for-labeling-adverse-drug-reactions-in-twitter-posts
#15
Anne Cocos, Alexander G Fiks, Aaron J Masino
Objective: Social media is an important pharmacovigilance data source for adverse drug reaction (ADR) identification. Human review of social media data is infeasible due to data quantity, thus natural language processing techniques are necessary. Social media includes informal vocabulary and irregular grammar, which challenge natural language processing methods. Our objective is to develop a scalable, deep-learning approach that exceeds state-of-the-art ADR detection performance in social media...
February 22, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339735/triage-quality-control-is-missing-tools-a-new-observation-technique-for-ed-quality-improvement
#16
Tomi Malmström, Veli-Pekka Harjola, Paulus Torkki, Salla Kumpulainen, Raija Malmström
Objective: Correct assessment of patient urgency is critical to ensuring patient safety in emergency departments (EDs). Although significant time and effort have been devoted to developing triage systems, less attention has been paid to the development of quality control. The aim of this study is to introduce and test observation technique, which enables identifying of patient groups at risk of erroneous assessment in triage. The introduced technique is aimed to be less laborious to use than existing triage quality control methods...
February 23, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339732/exploring-the-in-vivo-digestion-of-plant-proteins-in-broiler-chickens
#17
E Recoules, H Sabboh-Jourdan, A Narcy, M Lessire, G Harichaux, V Labas, M J Duclos, S Réhault-Godbert
The use of various protein sources (industry by-products, proteaginous) in poultry diets requires a greater understanding of protein digestion mechanisms. The aim of this study was to characterize the molecular actors required for protein digestion in broilers fed 4 different diets containing soybean meal, rapeseed meal, pea, or corn distiller's dried grain with solubles as the only protein source. The digesta of the digestive tract segments were collected and soluble proteins were analyzed by SDS-PAGE. SDS-PAGE analyses revealed 5 ubiquitous bands in digesta of all digestive tract segments regardless of the diet, whereas 3 bands were diet-specific...
February 23, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339636/a-before-after-study-of-multidisciplinary-out-of-hours-handover-combining-management-and-frontline-efforts-to-create-sustainable-improvement
#18
Christopher Pennell, Lorna Flynn, Belinda Boulton, Tracey Hughes, Graham Walker, Peter McCulloch
Objective: The importance of implementation strategy in systems improvement is increasingly recognized and both 'bottom-up' and 'top-down' approaches have significant barriers. A trial of a combined approach involving frontline and managerial staff therefore seems merited. We attempted to improve handover using a Human Factors-based approach integrated with a combined 'top and bottom' implementation strategy. Design: A before-after study was conducted across 9 months...
February 17, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339592/active-collaboration-with-clients-an-underemphasized-but-vital-part-of-evidence-based-practice
#19
James Drisko
Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a widely recognized concept in contemporary social work practice. However, recent studies have shown that social workers do not understand EBP correctly. Standardized administrative approaches to implementing EBP have led to confusion about its core practice decision-making process. This collaborative process is the heart of EBP in direct social work practice. This article explores the EBP process and addresses a vital but often underemphasized step of EBP: active collaboration with the client in decision making...
January 28, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339516/improving-a-full-text-search-engine-the-importance-of-negation-detection-and-family-history-context-to-identify-cases-in-a-biomedical-data-warehouse
#20
Nicolas Garcelon, Antoine Neuraz, Vincent Benoit, Rémi Salomon, Anita Burgun
Objective: The repurposing of electronic health records (EHRs) can improve clinical and genetic research for rare diseases. However, significant information in rare disease EHRs is embedded in the narrative reports, which contain many negated clinical signs and family medical history. This paper presents a method to detect family history and negation in narrative reports and evaluates its impact on selecting populations from a clinical data warehouse (CDW). Materials and Methods: We developed a pipeline to process 1...
October 20, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
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