Read by QxMD icon Read


Valthierre Nunes de Lima, Leonardo Perez Faverani, Joel Ferreira Santiago, Celso Palmieri, Osvaldo Magro Filho, Eduardo Piza Pellizzer
The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review of morphological alterations in the condyles after orthographic surgery involving a sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO), with or without surgery on the maxilla. Searches were performed on three databases and registered in the PROSPERO. The selected studies fulfilled the criteria established by the following PICO model: (1) population: individuals with skeletal dentofacial deformities (class II or III facial patterns), without asymmetry; (2) intervention: orthognathic surgery for mandibular setback using an SSRO, with or without a Le Fort I osteotomy, and fixed with bicortical screws or plates and screws; (3) comparison: orthognathic surgery for mandibular advancement using an SSRO, with or without a Le Fort I osteotomy, and fixed with plates and screws or bicortical screws; and (4) outcome: condylar resorption rate and relapse...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Ahmet Karakasli, Nihat Acar, Bora Uzun
OBJECTIVE: Many lumbosacral fixation techniques have been described to offer a more screw-bone purchase. The forward anatomical fixation parallel to the endplate is still the most preferred method. Literature revealed little knowledge regarding the mechanical stability of lumbosacral trans-endplate fixation compared to the traditional trans-pedicular screw fixation method. The aim of this study is to assess the pull-out strength of lumbosacral screws penetrating the end plate and comparing it to the conventional trans-pedicular screw insertion method...
March 2018: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Jae Man Woo, Seung-Hak Baek, Jong-Cheol Kim, Jin-Young Choi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this clinical report was to introduce a new methodology for contour restoration of the over-resected mandible by reduction mandibuloplasty using 3-dimensional (3D) planning and computer-assisted design and manufacturing (CAD-CAM) custom-made titanium implants. PATIENT AND METHOD: A 20-year-old male patient had undergone reduction of the zygoma and mandibular angle and lower border for esthetic reason 1 year ago at a private clinic. However, he was not satisfied with surgical outcome and wanted to restore his original facial volume and contour...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
M E Pasqualini, D Lauritano, F Rossi, L Dal Carlo, M Shulman, F Meynardi, D Colombo, P Manenti, G Comola, P Zampetti
The authors present an implant prosthesis procedure that uses screws on one-piece implants connected with a titanium pin at their abutment level and one supporter titanium bar in order to guarantee immediate stabilization. These can be implanted and fitted with customized temporary crowns in a single surgical procedure, restoring function and aesthetics and consenting recovery of the bone deficit with reduced healing times and limited patient discomfort. One-piece wide-diameter titanium screw implants with thread measurements of 2...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Irene Espadas, Thomas W Maddox, Felipe de Vicente
Objectives The objective of this study was to define safe corridors for the optimal placement of bicortical implants in the feline cervical spine (C2-T1) using CT. Methods CT images of feline cervical spines (n = 16) were reviewed retrospectively. Multiplanar reconstructions were used to define the optimal safe corridors. Safe corridors were defined by their angle of insertion, width and length. The insertion point within the vertebral body was also described. Vertebral measurements were compared between vertebrae using multilevel linear regression, and left and right measurements within vertebrae were compared with the paired samples Wilcoxon signed-rank test...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Agnes Z Dardas, Charles A Goldfarb, Martin I Boyer, Daniel A Osei, Christopher J Dy, Ryan P Calfee
PURPOSE: Although volar plating of the distal radius is performed frequently, the necessity of distal bicortical fixation in the metaphyseal and epiphyseal areas of the distal radius has not been proven. This study aimed primarily to quantify the ability of unicortical distal screws to maintain operative reduction of adult distal radius fractures and secondarily to determine if unicortical screw lengths could be predicted based on anatomical measurements. METHODS: This prospective trial enrolled 75 adult patients undergoing volar locking plate fixation of a unilateral distal radius fracture at a tertiary center...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Osman Fatih Arpağ, Ibrahim Damlar, Ahmet Altan, Ufuk Tatli, Ahmet Günay
Among the many graft materials that have been used for the treatment of bone defects in oral and maxillofacial regions is xenograft. To improve osteoconductive effects of xenografts, they have been combined with various biocompatible materials, such as hyaluronic acid and bone morphogenetic protein. To determine bone-healing capacity of high molecular weight hyaluronic acid (HA) combined with xenograft in rabbit calvarial bone defects. Ten adult male New Zealand rabbits (mean weight 3 kg) were included in the study...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Uli Schmiddem, Nael Hawi, Emmanouil Liodakis, Antonios Dratzidis, Manuel Kraemer, Christof Hurschler, Richard Page, Rupert Meller
PURPOSE: A crucial step of the Latarjet procedure is the fixation of the coracoid process onto the glenoid. Multiple problems associated with the fixation have been described, including lesions of the suprascapular nerve due to prominence of the screw or bicortical drilling. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether monocortical fixation, without perforating the posterior glenoid cortex, would provide sufficient graft stability. METHODS: Coracoid transfer was performed in 14 scapula models (Sawbones®, Composite Scapula, 4th generation)...
January 13, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Murat Ulu, Emrah Soylu, Seyfi Kelebek, Serkan Dikici, Hakan Oflaz
INTRODUCTION: Sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) is one of the most popular surgical procedures for correction of mandibular deformities. Several clinical and biomechanical studies exist in the literature which, comparing the stability of different osteosynthesis materials and techniques, were performed using two or three-point biomechanical test models. The aim of this study was to compare the stability of biodegradable and titanium materials for SSRO on one-piece polyurethane mandible samples which were fixed in a novel designed 6-point testing unit...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Dae Seok Hwang, Hyeong Geun Lee, Sang Hun Shin, Uk Kyu Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of the current study is to compare intersegmental displacements after mandibular setback sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) using 4 types of osteosynthesis methods. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 53 subjects who presented underwent bilateral setback SSRO at Pusan National University Hospital from January 2009 to December 2013. The subjects were divided into 4 groups according to the osteosynthesis method applied: group A-modified L-type monocortical plate; B-conventional miniplate; group C-bicortical screws; group D-metal and absorbable screws...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Alex A Padron, John R Owen, Jennifer S Wayne, Sevima A Aktay, Roy F Barnes
OBJECTIVE: This biomechanical study compared the torsional strength and stiffness of a locking compression plate with all locking versus nonlocking screws and examined the effect of placing a locking unicortical or nonlocking bicortical screw nearest the fracture gap in a synthetic bone model. RESULTS: Synthetic bone models simulating a diaphyseal fracture without anatomic reduction were tested using four screw configurations: all bicortical locking (ABL), all bicortical nonlocking (ABN), a hybrid construct with a bicortical nonlocking screw nearest the fracture gap (BN), and a unicortical locking screw placed nearest the fracture gap (UL)...
December 27, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Laurent B Willemot, Ross Wodicka, Adrian Bosworth, Alessandro Castagna, Joseph Burns, Olivier Verborgt
Background: Bone-grafting procedures for recurrent shoulder instability produce low recurrence rates, although they are associated with complications such as graft non-union. Inadequate screw purchase is considered to play a causative role. However, excessive screw length can endanger neurovascular structures. The present study aimed to investigate how type and length of screws influences construct rigidity in a simplified glenoid model. Methods: Testing was performed on composite polyurethane foam models with material properties and abstract dimensions of a deficient glenoid and an bone graft...
January 2018: Shoulder & Elbow
Markus Greinwald, Patrick A Varady, Peter Augat
INTRODUCTION: External fixation is associated with the risk of pin loosening and pin infection potentially associated to thermal bone necrosis during pin insertion. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate if the use of external fixator systems with unicortical pins reduces the heat production during pin insertion compared to fixators with bicortical pins. METHODS: Porcine bone specimens were employed to determine bone temperatures during insertion of fixator pins...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Xunjian Fan, Zhenxian Chen, Zhongmin Jin, Qida Zhang, Xuan Zhang, Yinghu Peng
A combined musculoskeletal multibody dynamics and finite element modeling was performed to investigate the effects of design parameters on the fracture-healing efficiency and the mechanical property of a patient-specific anatomically adjusted femoral locking plate. Specifically, the screw type, the thickness and material of the locking plate, the gap between two femoral fragments (fracture gap) and the distance between bone and plate (interface gap) were evaluated during a human walking. We found that the patient-specific locking plate possessed greater mechanical strength and more efficient fracture healing than the corresponding traditional plate...
February 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Thanh H Thai, Thongchai Nuntanaranont, Suttatip Kamolmatyakul, Jirut Meesane
This study aimed to carry out in vivo testing of the formation of new bone by modified silk fibroin scaffolds with a mimicked microenvironment of fibronectin/decellularized pulp in bone defects. Silk fibroin scaffolds were fabricated into three-dimensional scaffolds before being coated with fibronectin/decellularized pulp. The coated scaffolds were implanted into rabbits. Twenty-four bicortical calvarial defects in 12 rabbits were divided randomly into two groups: non-coated and coated silk fibroin scaffolds...
November 22, 2017: Biomedical Materials
Sinead E Hamilton-Bennett, Bill Oxley, Sebastien Behr
OBJECTIVE: To develop a patient-specific 3-dimensional (3D) printed drill guide for placement of cervical transpedicular screws and to assess its accuracy. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case-series. SAMPLE POPULATION: Thirty-two cervical pedicle screws (CPS) placed in 3 large breed dogs. METHODS: Computed tomographic (CT) data of the cervical vertebrae were exported to a medical image processing software and 3D virtual vertebral models were created for each vertebra...
October 24, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Florian Wagner, Martin Strasz, Hannes Traxler, Kurt Schicho, Rudolf Seemann
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the bone thickness and potential screw length for osteosynthesis of condylar base fractures (according to the Loukota classification) with an experimental titanium plate, placed in an ideal position against 2 types of conventional plates. STUDY DESIGN: After exclusion of completely edentulous mandibles, 28 dentate macerated mandibles available at the time of the study were included. Linear regression models 1 and 2 compared the sums of the 2 cranial bone thicknesses and the 3 caudal thicknesses among the 3 different plate designs, and linear models 3 and 4 tested the bone thickness in the 2 most cranial screw axes...
December 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
A Modabber, N Ayoub, A Bock, S C Möhlhenrich, B Lethaus, A Ghassemi, D A Mitchell, F Hölzle
Donor site morbidity is the most common limitation of the deep circumflex iliac artery (DCIA) flap, so the purpose of this paper is to describe a new, minimally-invasive, approach to its harvest using virtual surgical planning and CAD/CAM technology to reduce functional and aesthetic morbidity at the donor site. Virtual surgical planning was based on preoperative computed tomographic data. A newly-designed surgical guide made using CAD/CAM technology was used to transfer the virtual surgical plan to the site of operation...
November 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Nuno Gomes, Manuel Ribeiro da Silva, Helder Pereira, Ricardo Aido, Ricardo Sampaio
Tenodesis of the long head of the biceps (LHB) tendon has long been recognized as a valid alternative to address pathologic conditions of this tendon. However, the location and type of fixation is still a matter of discussion, because common complications associated with this procedure include failure of the repair, persistent pain, reaction to the fixation device, cosmetic deformity, and fracture. The authors describe a method of subpectoral LHB tenodesis that aims to preserve bone stock and allows a strong, easy, and reproducible type of fixation with a minimal approach...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
Thaddeus Boucree, Dylan McLaughlin, Silvy Akrawe, Vigen Darian, Aamir Siddiqui
Autogenous bone grafting is the gold standard for reconstructing craniofacial defects. Mandibular defects are reliably reconstructed with free nonvascularized bone, such as from the posterior iliac crest (PIC). In light of improved imaging, including 3-dimensional computed tomography scanning, a more accurate defect estimation is possible. A strong understanding of bone graft available is necessary. The purpose of this study was an updated review of the dissection and quantification of the amount of bone that can be safely harvested...
November 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"