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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214387/administering-surfactant-without-intubation-what-does-the-laryngeal-mask-offer-us
#1
Peter A Dargaville
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214381/the-value-of-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-in-diagnosis-of-flat-pigmented-facial-lesions-a-prospective-study
#2
E Wurm, G Pellacani, C Longo, H P Soyer, S Gonzalez, R Hofmann-Wellenhof, V Ahlgrimm-Siess, P Guitera, C Sinz, H Kittler
BACKGROUND: Flat pigmented facial lesions are difficult to diagnose even with dermatoscopy. It is controversial how additional information obtained by in vivo reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) impacts the diagnosis and management. OBJECTIVE: To examine what in vivo reflectance confocal microscopy of flat pigmented facial lesions adds to clinical examination using dermatoscopy including digital dermatoscopic monitoring. METHODS: We prospectively collected 70 cases of flat pigmented facial lesions and recorded diagnoses and management decisions by experts based on direct clinical examination aided by dermatoscopy including digital dermatoscopic monitoring and by remote experts who reviewed the corresponding confocal images...
February 18, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214237/knowledge-attitudes-and-preferences-of-advance-decisions-end-of-life-care-and-place-of-care-and-death-in-hong-kong-a%C3%A2-population-based-telephone-survey-of-1067-adults
#3
Roger Yat-Nork Chung, Eliza Lai-Yi Wong, Nicole Kiang, Patsy Yuen-Kwan Chau, Janice Y C Lau, Samuel Yeung-Shan Wong, Eng-Kiong Yeoh, Jean W Woo
OBJECTIVES: According to the 2015 Quality of Death Index published by the Intelligence Unit of the Economist, Hong Kong is ranked 22nd in terms of quality of palliative care in the world, behind many other major developed countries in Asia, including Taiwan, Singapore, Japan, and South Korea. The objectives of the present study were to describe the knowledge, attitude, and preferences of the general Hong Kong adult population across different age groups regarding end-of-life (EOL) care decisions, place of care and death, as well as advance directive (AD)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214177/dendritic-cells-in-host-response-to-biologic-scaffolds
#4
REVIEW
Cynthia A Leifer
Tissue regeneration and repair require a highly complex and orchestrated series of events that require inflammation, but can be compromised when inflammation is excessive or becomes chronic. Macrophages are one of the first cells to contact and respond to implanted materials, and mediate the inflammatory response. The series of events following macrophage association with biomaterials has been well-studied. Dendritic cells (DCs) also directly interact with biomaterials, are critical for specific immune responses, and can be activated in response to interactions with biomaterials...
February 14, 2017: Seminars in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214132/language-evolution-a-changing-perspective
#5
REVIEW
Michael C Corballis
From ancient times, religion and philosophy have regarded language as a faculty bestowed uniquely and suddenly on our own species, primarily as a mode of thought with communication as a byproduct. This view persists among some scientists and linguists and is counter to the theory of evolution, which implies that the evolution of complex structures is incremental. I argue here that language derives from mental processes with gradual evolutionary trajectories, including the generative capacities to travel mentally in time and space and into the minds of others...
February 14, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214110/pediatric-echocardiographic-nomograms-what-has-been-done-and-what-still-needs-to-be-done
#6
REVIEW
Massimiliano Cantinotti, Shelby Kutty, Eliana Franchi, Marco Paterni, Marco Scalese, Giorgio Iervasi, Martin Koestenberger
Nomograms are essential tools for quantification in pediatric echocardiography. In the last few years, multiple sources highlight that nomograms employed for decades presented significant numerical and methodological limitations. As a result, widely different ranges of normality were generated, thus creating confusion in estimation of several cardiac diseases. New nomograms have recently been generated, overcoming some of the gaps of previous research: wider sample sizes (including neonates/infants), solid statistical/methodological plan, and availability of new data (chamber dimensions, many functional parameters)...
January 19, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214043/-i-just-want-to-be-normal-a-qualitative-study-of-pregnant-women-s-blogs-who-present-themselves-as-overweight-or-obese
#7
Lovisa Lingetun, Madicken Fungbrant, Ing-Marie Claesson, Christina Baggens
OBJECTIVE: to describe what pregnant women who present themselves as overweight or obese write about their pregnancy in their blogs. SETTING: Swedish private blogs. DESIGN: a qualitative study, using 13 Internet blogs as the source of data. Google was used to find the blogs. The blog content was analysed using thematic analysis. FINDINGS: three main themes were identified: Pregnancy as an excuse, Perspectives on the pregnant body and Becoming a mother...
January 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213951/what-the-neighbors-say
#8
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 18, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213889/social-emotional-competence-an-essential-factor-for-promoting-positive-adjustment-and-reducing-risk-in-school-children
#9
Celene E Domitrovich, Joseph A Durlak, Katharine C Staley, Roger P Weissberg
Social-emotional competence is a critical factor to target with universal preventive interventions that are conducted in schools because the construct (a) associates with social, behavioral, and academic outcomes that are important for healthy development; (b) predicts important life outcomes in adulthood; (c) can be improved with feasible and cost-effective interventions; and (d) plays a critical role in the behavior change process. This article reviews this research and what is known about effective intervention approaches...
February 18, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213853/to-pex-or-not-to-pex-what-to-do-for-the-contralateral-testis-when-a-nubbin-is-discovered
#10
REVIEW
John E Kehoe, Matthew S Christman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Testicular remnants or nubbins are commonly found in the evaluation and treatment of cryptorchidism. While much debate focuses on the management of the nubbin itself, there is also great uncertainty and variation in the management of the contralateral descended testis. Herein, we review the relevant literature informing the decision to perform a contralateral orchiopexy. RECENT FINDINGS: Although there is very little recent literature directly addressing the question, some studies have better characterized differences in practice, the risk of intravaginal torsion in the contralateral testis and potential consequences in the selection of technique...
February 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213828/screening-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#11
Sebastian Kummer, Dirk Klee, Gerald Kircheis, Michael Friedt, Joerg Schaper, Dieter Häussinger, Ertan Mayatepek, Thomas Meissner
: The liver is intensely involved in glucose metabolism and is thereby closely related to diabetes pathophysiology. Adult patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) are at an increased risk for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Here, we studied the prevalence of NAFLD in a cohort of children and adolescents with type 1 DM in a tertiary care paediatric diabetes centre in Germany. We screened 93 children and adolescents with type 1 DM using ultrasound, laboratory investigations, and liver stiffness measurements (Fibroscan® [FS] and acoustic radiation force imaging [ARFI])...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213812/the-neuroscience-of-human-decision-making-through-the-lens-of-learning-and-memory
#12
Lesley K Fellows
We are called upon to make decisions, large and small, many times a day. Whether in the voting booth, the stock exchange, or the cafeteria line, we identify potential options, estimate and compare their subjective values, and make a choice. Decision-making has only recently become a focus for cognitive neuroscience. The last two decades have seen rapid progress in our understanding of the brain basis of at least some aspects of this rather complex aspect of cognition. This work has provided fresh perspectives on poorly understood brain regions, such as orbitofrontal cortex and ventral striatum...
February 18, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213805/an-overview-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-heterogeneity-and-treatment-options
#13
REVIEW
Anne Masi, Marilena M DeMayo, Nicholas Glozier, Adam J Guastella
Since the documented observations of Kanner in 1943, there has been great debate about the diagnoses, the sub-types, and the diagnostic threshold that relates to what is now known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Reflecting this complicated history, there has been continual refinement from DSM-III with 'Infantile Autism' to the current DSM-V diagnosis. The disorder is now widely accepted as a complex, pervasive, heterogeneous condition with multiple etiologies, sub-types, and developmental trajectories. Diagnosis remains based on observation of atypical behaviors, with criteria of persistent deficits in social communication and restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior...
February 17, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213723/differences-in-orgasm-frequency-among-gay-lesbian-bisexual-and-heterosexual-men-and-women-in-a-u-s-national-sample
#14
David A Frederick, H Kate St John, Justin R Garcia, Elisabeth A Lloyd
There is a notable gap between heterosexual men and women in frequency of orgasm during sex. Little is known, however, about sexual orientation differences in orgasm frequency. We examined how over 30 different traits or behaviors were associated with frequency of orgasm when sexually intimate during the past month. We analyzed a large US sample of adults (N = 52,588) who identified as heterosexual men (n = 26,032), gay men (n = 452), bisexual men (n = 550), lesbian women (n = 340), bisexual women (n = 1112), and heterosexual women (n = 24,102)...
February 17, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213702/-mucosal-alterations-what-is-the-cause
#15
B Hofauer, T R Schulze, A Knopf, H Stimmer, S Graf, B G Hofauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213658/postural-tachycardia-syndrome-and-suicide-what-we-don-t-know
#16
EDITORIAL
Vidya Raj, Satish R Raj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 18, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213653/perceived-risk-of-avian-influenza-and-urbanization-in-northern-vietnam
#17
Melissa L Finucane, Nghiem Tuyen, Sumeet Saksena, James H Spencer, Jefferson M Fox, Nguyen Lam, Trinh Dinh Thau, Tran Duc Vien, Nancy Davis Lewis
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) is an important public health concern because of potential for widespread morbidity and mortality in humans and poultry and associated devastating economic losses. We examined how perceptions of the risk of HPAI in poultry vary across communes/wards in the north of Vietnam at different levels of urbanization (rural, peri-urban, urban). Analyses of questionnaire responses from 1081 poultry raisers suggested that the perceived risk of HPAI in poultry was highest in peri-urban and rural settings...
February 17, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213599/health-information-needs-source-preferences-and-engagement-behaviours-of-women-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-across-the-care-continuum-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#18
Carol A Tucker, M Pilar Martin, Ray B Jones
INTRODUCTION: The health information needs, information source preferences and engagement behaviours of women with metastatic breast cancer (mBC) depend on personal characteristics such as education level, prior knowledge, clinical complications, comorbidities and where they are in the cancer journey. A thorough understanding of the information behaviours of women living with mBC is essential to the provision of optimal care. A preliminary literature review suggests that there is little research on this topic, but that there may be lessons from a slightly broader literature...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213583/why-work-with-undergraduate-researchers-differences-in-research-advisors-motivations-and-outcomes-by-career-stage
#19
Charles N Hayward, Sandra L Laursen, Heather Thiry
Undergraduate research is often hailed as a solution to increasing the number and quality of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics graduates needed to fill the high-tech jobs of the future. Student benefits of research are well documented but the emerging literature on advisors' perspectives is incomplete: only a few studies have included the graduate students and postdocs who often serve as research advisors, and not much is known about why research advisors choose to work with undergraduate researchers...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213568/estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-and-albuminuria-are-associated-with-biomarkers-of-cardiac-injury-in-a-population-based-cohort-study-the-maastricht-study
#20
Remy J H Martens, Dorien M Kimenai, Jeroen P Kooman, Coen D A Stehouwer, Frans E S Tan, Otto Bekers, Pieter C Dagnelie, Carla J H van der Kallen, Abraham A Kroon, Karel M L Leunissen, Frank M van der Sande, Nicolaas C Schaper, Simone J S Sep, Miranda T Schram, Jeroen D van Suijlen, Marja P van Dieijen-Visser, Steven J R Meex, Ronald M A Henry
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with an increased cardiovascular disease mortality risk. It is, however, less clear at what point in the course from normal kidney function to CKD the association with cardiovascular disease appears. Studying the associations of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria with biomarkers of (subclinical) cardiac injury in a population without substantial CKD may clarify this issue. METHODS: We examined the cross-sectional associations of eGFR and urinary albumin excretion (UAE) with high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) T, hs-cTnI, and N-terminal probrain natriuretic-peptide (NT-proBNP) in 3103 individuals from a population-based diabetes-enriched cohort study...
February 17, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
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