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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550750/mobile-phone-conversations-listening-to-music-and-quiet-electric-cars-are-traffic-sounds-important-for-safe-cycling
#1
A Stelling-Konczak, G P van Wee, J J F Commandeur, M Hagenzieker
Listening to music or talking on the phone while cycling as well as the growing number of quiet (electric) cars on the road can make the use of auditory cues challenging for cyclists. The present study examined to what extent and in which traffic situations traffic sounds are important for safe cycling. Furthermore, the study investigated the potential safety implications of limited auditory information caused by quiet (electric) cars and by cyclists listening to music or talking on the phone. An Internet survey among 2249 cyclists in three age groups (16-18, 30-40 and 65-70year old) was carried out to collect information on the following aspects: 1) the auditory perception of traffic sounds, including the sounds of quiet (electric) cars; 2) the possible compensatory behaviours of cyclists who listen to music or talk on their mobile phones; 3) the possible contribution of listening to music and talking on the phone to cycling crashes and incidents...
May 24, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550658/are-subjective-ratings-of-metaphors-a-red-herring-the-big-two-dimensions-of-metaphoric-sentences
#2
Paul H Thibodeau, Les Sikos, Frank H Durgin
What makes some metaphors easier to understand than others? Several psycholinguistic dimensions have been identified as candidate answers to this question, including appeals to familiarity and aptness. One way to operationalize these dimensions is to collect ratings of them from naive participants. In this article, we question the construct validity of this approach. Do ratings of aptness actually reflect the aptness of the metaphors? Are ratings of aptness measuring something different from ratings of familiarity? With two experiments and an analysis of existing datasets, we argue that ratings of metaphoric sentences are confounded by how easily people are able to understand the sentences (processing fluency)...
May 27, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550656/the-combined-use-of-virtual-reality-and-eeg-to-study-language-processing-in-naturalistic-environments
#3
Johanne Tromp, David Peeters, Antje S Meyer, Peter Hagoort
When we comprehend language, we often do this in rich settings where we can use many cues to understand what someone is saying. However, it has traditionally been difficult to design experiments with rich three-dimensional contexts that resemble our everyday environments, while maintaining control over the linguistic and nonlinguistic information that is available. Here we test the validity of combining electroencephalography (EEG) and virtual reality (VR) to overcome this problem. We recorded electrophysiological brain activity during language processing in a well-controlled three-dimensional virtual audiovisual environment...
May 26, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550625/make-it-real-belief-in-occurrence-within-episodic-future-thought
#4
Alexandra Ernst, Arnaud D'Argembeau
While the cognitive and neural bases of episodic future thinking are well documented, questions remain as to what gives the sense that an imagined event belongs to one's personal future. Capitalizing on previous research on metacognitive appraisals in autobiographical remembering, we propose that episodic future thinking involves, in varying degrees, a subjective belief in the potential occurrence of imagined future events and we explore the nature and determinants of such belief. To this aim, participants provided justifications for belief in occurrence for a series of past and future events...
May 26, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550483/-it-s-just-horrible-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-and-carers-experiences-of-bowel-dysfunction-in-multiple-sclerosis
#5
Lesley Dibley, Maureen Coggrave, Doreen McClurg, Sue Woodward, Christine Norton
Around 50% of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience neurogenic bowel dysfunction (constipation and/or faecal incontinence), reducing quality of life and increasing carer burden. No previous qualitative studies have explored the experiences of bowel problems in people with MS, or the views of their family carers. This study sought to understand 'what it is like' to live with bowel dysfunction and the impact this has on people with MS and carers. Using exploratory qualitative methods, 47 semi-structured interviews were conducted with participants recruited from specialist hospital clinics and community sources using purposive and chain-referral sampling...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550480/characteristics-associated-with-quality-of-life-among-people-with-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#6
Leone Ridsdale, Gabriella Wojewodka, Emily Robinson, Sabine Landau, Adam Noble, Stephanie Taylor, Mark Richardson, Gus Baker, Laura H Goldstein
Quality of Life (QoL) is the preferred outcome in non-pharmacological trials, but there is little UK population evidence of QoL in epilepsy. In advance of evaluating an epilepsy self-management course we aimed to describe, among UK participants, what clinical and psycho-social characteristics are associated with QoL. We recruited 404 adults attending specialist clinics, with at least two seizures in the prior year and measured their self-reported seizure frequency, co-morbidity, psychological distress, social characteristics, including self-mastery and stigma, and epilepsy-specific QoL (QOLIE-31-P)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550458/what-happened-in-dialogical-classes-of-intercultural-understanding-an-analysis-of-exchanging-classes-between-chinese-and-japanese-university-students
#7
Chengnan Pian
Chinese and Japanese university students make an exchanging of opinions regarding the topic "making a mobile phone call in the bus". Both sides of the communication can achieve different changes of cognition through different ways. This paper focuses on Chinese university students, and analyzes their cognition of the traffic etiquette in Japan and China. Unlike Japanese university students' change of cognition, Chinese university students have made more negative evaluation on Japanese traffic etiquette after the communication...
May 26, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550456/what-doesn-t-work-for-whom-exploring-heterogeneity-in-responsiveness-to-the-family-check-up-in-early-childhood-using-a-mixture-model-approach
#8
William E Pelham, Thomas J Dishion, Jenn-Yun Tein, Daniel S Shaw, Melvin N Wilson
This study applied latent class analysis to a family-centered prevention trial in early childhood to identify subgroups of families with differential responsiveness to the Family Check-Up (FCU) intervention. The sample included 731 families with 2-year-olds randomized to the FCU or control condition and followed through age 5 with yearly follow-up assessments. A two-step mixture model was used to examine whether specific constellations of family characteristics at age 2 (baseline) were related to intervention response across ages 3, 4, and 5...
May 27, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550447/trends-in-surgical-research-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Genrich Tolstonog, Christian Simon
The task of surgical research is to improve the efficacy of available surgical therapeutic modalities, develop new ones, and balance this well with favorable functional outcome. Therefore, surgical research is composed of a translational and a clinical component. In translational surgical research, animal models are used to better understand the biology of head and neck cancers, but even more importantly, the biology of changes to the disease and the microenvironment created by surgical interventions. Animal models additionally allow for the development of image-guided surgery systems, novel strategies of intraoperative adjuvant treatment, and patient "avatars" to test innovative anticancer drug combinations...
June 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550438/what-are-the-real-procedural-costs-of-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-literature-review-of-published-cost-analyses
#10
REVIEW
Brett Doble, Sarah Wordsworth, Chris A Rogers, Richard Welbourn, James Byrne, Jane M Blazeby
This review aims to evaluate the current literature on the procedural costs of bariatric surgery for the treatment of severe obesity. Using a published framework for the conduct of micro-costing studies for surgical interventions, existing cost estimates from the literature are assessed for their accuracy, reliability and comprehensiveness based on their consideration of seven 'important' cost components. MEDLINE, PubMed, key journals and reference lists of included studies were searched up to January 2017...
May 26, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550382/same-principles-different-worlds-a-critical-discourse-analysis-of-medical-ethics-and-nursing-ethics-in-finnish-professional-texts
#11
Salla Saxén
This qualitative social scientific study explores professional texts of healthcare ethics to understand the ways in which ethical professionalism in medicine and nursing are culturally constructed in Finland. Two books in ethics, published by Finnish national professional organizations-one for nurses and one for physicians-were analyzed with the method of critical discourse analysis. Codes of ethics for each profession were also scrutinized. Analysis of the texts sought to reveal what is taken for granted in the texts as well as to speculate what appeared to be relegated to the margins of the texts or left entirely invisible...
May 26, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550147/what-is-the-dose-of-intravenous-paracetamol-for-pain-relief-in-neonates
#12
EDITORIAL
Paola Mian, Catherijne Aj Knibbe, Dick Tibboel, Karel Allegaert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550116/myeloid-derived-cells-in-prostate-cancer-progression-phenotype-and-prospective-therapies
#13
REVIEW
Zoila Lopez-Bujanda, Charles G Drake
Prostate cancer is the second most common cause of cancer mortality in men in the United States. As is the case for other tumor types, accumulating evidence suggests an important role for myeloid-derived cells in the promotion and progression of prostate cancer. Here, we briefly describe myeloid-derived cells that interact with tumor cells and what is known about their immune suppressive function. We next discuss new evidence for tumor cell-mediated myeloid infiltration via the PI3K/PTEN/AKT signaling pathway and an alternative mechanism for immune evasion that may be regulated by an endoplasmic reticulum stress response...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550057/prevalence-and-genomic-characterization-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-in-cow-calf-herds-throughout-california
#14
Jay N Worley, Kristopher A Flores, Xun Yang, Jennifer A Chase, Guojie Cao, Shuai Tang, Jianghong Meng, Edward R Atwill
Escherichia coli serotype O157:H7 (E. coli O157:H7) is a zoonotic food- and waterborne bacterial pathogen that has a high hospitalization rate and can cause life-threatening complications. Increasingly, E. coli O157:H7 infections appear to originate from fresh produce. Ruminants, like cattle, are a prominent reservoir of E. coli O157:H7 in the United States. California is one of the most agriculturally productive regions in the world for fresh produce, beef, and milk. The close proximity of fresh produce and cattle present food safety challenges on a uniquely large scale...
May 26, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550009/digital-support-interventions-for-the-self-management-of-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#15
Barbara I Nicholl, Louise F Sandal, Mette J Stochkendahl, Marianne McCallum, Nithya Suresh, Ottar Vasseljen, Jan Hartvigsen, Paul J Mork, Per Kjaer, Karen Søgaard, Frances S Mair
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common cause of disability and is ranked as the most burdensome health condition globally. Self-management, including components on increased knowledge, monitoring of symptoms, and physical activity, are consistently recommended in clinical guidelines as cost-effective strategies for LBP management and there is increasing interest in the potential role of digital health. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to synthesize and critically appraise published evidence concerning the use of interactive digital interventions to support self-management of LBP...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550005/perceptions-of-patient-engagement-applications-during-pregnancy-a-qualitative-assessment-of-the-patient-s-perspective
#16
Maren Goetz, Mitho Müller, Lina Maria Matthies, Jenny Hansen, Anne Doster, Akos Szabo, Jan Pauluschke-Fröhlich, Harald Abele, Christof Sohn, Markus Wallwiener, Stephanie Wallwiener
BACKGROUND: With growing demand for medical information and health applications in pregnancy, the potential of electronic health (eHealth) and mobile health (mHealth) solutions in clinical care is increasingly unfolding. However, we still do not know how pregnant women engage with mobile apps, how such apps impact routine medical care, and whether benefit expectations are met. Whereas recent research has raised the subject of user distribution and analyzed the content of pregnancy applications, there is still a significant knowledge gap regarding what pregnant women like and dislike about pregnancy tools, along with how such interventions could be improved...
May 26, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550001/more-than-a-text-message-dismantling-digital-triggers-to-curate-behavior-change-in-patient-centered-health-interventions
#17
Frederick Muench, Amit Baumel
Digital triggers such as text messages, emails, and push alerts are designed to focus an individual on a desired goal by prompting an internal or external reaction at the appropriate time. Triggers therefore have an essential role in engaging individuals with digital interventions delivered outside of traditional health care settings, where other events in daily lives and fluctuating motivation to engage in effortful behavior exist. There is an emerging body of literature examining the use of digital triggers for short-term action and longer-term behavior change...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549893/anesthetic-neurotoxicity-in-congenital-hand-surgery-an-overview-of-the-evidence-and-advice-for-counseling-parents
#18
REVIEW
Michael S Gart, Santhanam Suresh, Joshua M Adkinson
Millions of children undergo general anesthesia for surgical procedures each year, the implications of which are not fully understood. Animal models demonstrate neurotoxicity and long-term cognitive impairment following exposure to common general anesthetic agents. However, it is unclear if human brains are affected in a similar fashion and what-if any-the implications on cognitive development may be. Furthermore, it is not known if these effects are additive and if they can be avoided by delaying reconstruction...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549823/what-i-wished-i-knew-when-starting-as-a-professor-an-interview-with-robert-abramovitch-lark-coffey-thomas-kehl-fie-and-rita-tamayo
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: Trends in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549749/shared-decision-making-in-iran-current-and-future-trends
#20
Samira Abbasgholizadeh Rahimi, Mahasti Alizadeh, France Légaré
This paper describes the current situation of shared decision making (SDM) in the Iranian healthcare system, discusses barriers to implementation and gives future directions. What about policy regarding SDM? Although the Ministry of Health and Medical Education has enacted some legislation on informed consent and patients' rights, there is no policy specifically regarding SDM in Iran. What about decision support tools for patients? Although some Iranian researchers and clinicians have highlighted patients' desire to be informed and involved in decisions related to their health, there is no program to develop or evaluate decision support tools such as patient decision aids in Iran...
May 23, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
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