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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346661/the-role-of-healthcare-and-education-systems-in-co-occurrence-of-health-risk-behaviours-in-27-european-countries
#1
Shiho Kino, Eduardo Bernabé, Wael Sabbah
Background: Contextual factors play an important role in health and related behaviours. This study aims to examine the association of co-occurrence of five health-risk behaviours with healthcare and education contextual factors using nationally representative samples from 27 European countries. Methods: Data were from Eurobarometer 72.3, 2009. The outcome was a count variable ranging from 0 to 5 indicating co-occurrence of five health-risk behaviours, namely smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, non-frequent fresh fruit consumption, physical inactivity and non-dental check-ups...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346176/rapid-response-to-scan-or-not-to-scan-the-utility-of-noncontrast-ct-head-for-altered-mental-status
#2
Purujit J Thacker, Mansha Sethi, Jonathan Sternlieb, Doron Schneider, Mary Naglak, Rajeshkumar R Patel
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were the following: (1) to determine how often computed tomography (CT) scans of the head are obtained on rapid responses called for altered mental status (AMS), (2) to determine whether CT imaging of the head is required during all rapid responses called for AMS, (3) to determine which patients would benefit from CT scans of the head in this setting, (4) to note whether an adequate neurologic exam was documented, (5) to determine the cost of CT scans that did not change management, and (6) to examine the role of medications leading to AMS...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345737/present-status-and-future-perspective-of-peptide-based-vaccine-therapy-for-urological-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Wataru Obara, Mitsugu Kanehira, Toyomasa Katagiri, Renpei Kato, Yoichiro Kato, Ryo Takata
The use of peptide-based vaccines as therapeutics aims to elicit immune responses through antigenic epitopes derived from tumor antigens. Peptide-based vaccines are easily synthesized and the lack of significant side effects when administered in-vivo. Peptide-based vaccine therapy against several cancers including urological cancers had made progress for several decades, but there is no approval peptide vaccine all over the world. Peptides vaccines were also shown to induce a high frequency of immune response in patients who were accompanied by clinical efficacy...
January 18, 2018: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345612/fit-characteristics-of-n95-filtering-facepiece-respirators-and-the-accuracy-of-the-user-seal-check-among-koreans
#4
Yu Jung Huh, Hye Min Jeong, Juhye Lim, Ha Yan Park, Min Young Kim, Hong Sang Oh, Kyungmin Huh
Adequate facepiece fit of N95 filtering facepiece respirators (FFRs) is crucial for optimal protection against airborne pathogens. The quantitative fit test (QNFT) pass rates of the 4 N95 FFR models commonly used in Korea were below 50%. Male sex was identified as a single independent predictive factor for QNFT pass. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018;39:104-107.
January 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345211/developing-single-entity-theranostic-drug-based-fluorescent-nanoclusters-with-augmented-cytotoxicity
#5
Bandhan Chatterjee, Asif Raza, Siddhartha Sankar Ghosh
AIM: To develop methotrexate (MTX) templated luminescent gold nanoclusters (NCs) as a single unit nanotheranostic for cancer therapy and to assess its potential as an alternative to the parent drug, for drug delivery vehicles (DDVs). METHODS: Theranostics were synthesized and extensively characterized. The stability of the theranostic and its bioimaging aptitude were evaluated. The antiproliferative propensity of the theranostic was gauged with cell viability assays and was supplemented with cytometry-based assays...
January 18, 2018: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344876/biosimilarity-and-interchangeability-principles-and-evidence-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Ross A McKinnon, Matthew Cook, Winston Liauw, Mona Marabani, Ian C Marschner, Nicolle H Packer, Johannes B Prins
BACKGROUND: The efficacy, safety and immunogenicity risk of switching between an originator biologic and a biosimilar or from one biosimilar to another are of potential concern. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to conduct a systematic literature review of the outcomes of switching between biologics and their biosimilars and identify any evidence gaps. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library from inception to June 2017...
January 17, 2018: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344783/endoscopic-treatment-of-walled-off-pancreatic-necrosis-complicated-with-pancreaticocolonic-fistula
#7
Mateusz Jagielski, Marian Smoczyński, Krystian Adrych
BACKGROUND: Pancreaticocolonic fistulas (PCFs) are serious complication of acute pancreatitis related with high mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency and safety of endoscopic treatment in patients with walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WOPN) complicated with PCF. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of results and complications in the group of 226 patients, who underwent endoscopic treatment of symptomatic WOPN between years 2001 and 2016 in the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology of Medical University of Gdańsk...
January 17, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344747/healthcare-based-on-cloud-electrocardiogram-system-a-medical-center-experience-in-middle-taiwan
#8
Xiu-Shu Zhang, Fang-Yie Leu, Ching-Wen Yang, Lai-Shiun Lai
Electrocardiogram (ECG) as one of the best methods to measure irregular heartbeats is a dispensable method for doctor to diagnose Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) patients. Most medical centers in Taiwan implement the reduction of Door to Balloon (D2B) time, which is defined as the time interval starting when an Acute-Myocardial-Infarction patient arrives at the Emergency Department, and ending when a catheter guide wire crosses the culprit lesion as the acute-myocardial-infarction treatment on the patient in the cardiac catheterization room...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344528/psychometric-characteristics-of-clinical-reasoning-problems-crps-and-its-correlation-with-routine-multiple-choice-question-mcq-in-cardiology-department
#9
Zahra Derakhshandeh, Mitra Amini, Javad Kojuri, Marziyeh Dehbozorgian
Introduction: Clinical reasoning is one of the most important skills in the process of training a medical student to become an efficient physician. Assessment of the reasoning skills in a medical school program is important to direct students' learning. One of the tests for measuring the clinical reasoning ability is Clinical Reasoning Problems (CRPs). The major aim of this study is to measure psychometric qualities of CRPs and define correlation between this test and routine MCQ in cardiology department of Shiraz medical school...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344385/improving-attendance-to-genetic-counselling-services-for-gynaecological-oncology-patients
#10
Hanoon P Pokharel, Neville F Hacker, Lesley Andrews
Background: Gynaecological cancers may be the sentinel malignancy in women who carry a mutation in BRCA1 or 2, a mis-match repair gene causing Lynch Syndrome or other genes. Despite published guidelines for referral to a genetics service, a substantial number of women do not attend for the recommended genetic assessment. The study aims to determine the outcomes of systematic follow-up of patients diagnosed with ovarian or endometrial cancer from Gynaecologic-oncology multidisciplinary meetings who were deemed appropriate for genetics assessment...
2018: Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344019/using-blood-donor-derived-abo-and-rhd-blood-groups-helps-to-detect-wrong-blood-in-tube-errors-in-recipients
#11
Christoffer Dellgren, Mark H Yazer, Ulrik Sprogøe
Background: Comparing the ABO and RhD group of a recipient's current pre-transfusion sample against their historical group is an important means of detecting wrong blood in tube (WBIT) errors. This study investigated the utility of using the donor ABO and RhD group as the historical check for recipients. Methods: A single database stores serological information on blood donors, pregnant women, and patients throughout southern Denmark. A donor ABO and RhD group can be the historical blood group should that donor later require a transfusion...
November 2017: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343854/towards-healthier-supermarkets-a-national-study-of-in-store-food-availability-prominence-and-promotions-in-new-zealand
#12
Stefanie Vandevijvere, Wilma Waterlander, Janine Molloy, Helen Nattrass, Boyd Swinburn
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The retail environment is a key setting for potential public health interventions. This study assessed the healthiness of New Zealand supermarket food environments. SUBJECT/METHODS: A sample of 204 (about 50% of national total) supermarkets across three chains was selected in 2016, half in the most deprived socioeconomic areas. Healthiness indicators related to food availability (ratio of cumulative linear shelf length for healthy versus unhealthy foods), prominence (proportion of 'junk food free' check-outs and end-of-aisle endcaps), and promotion (proportion of 'junk food free' promotions in flyers and in-store) were measured...
January 18, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343741/species-distribution-modelling-contrasting-presence-only-models-with-plot-abundance-data
#13
Vitor H F Gomes, Stéphanie D IJff, Niels Raes, Iêda Leão Amaral, Rafael P Salomão, Luiz de Souza Coelho, Francisca Dionízia de Almeida Matos, Carolina V Castilho, Diogenes de Andrade Lima Filho, Dairon Cárdenas López, Juan Ernesto Guevara, William E Magnusson, Oliver L Phillips, Florian Wittmann, Marcelo de Jesus Veiga Carim, Maria Pires Martins, Mariana Victória Irume, Daniel Sabatier, Jean-François Molino, Olaf S Bánki, José Renan da Silva Guimarães, Nigel C A Pitman, Maria Teresa Fernandez Piedade, Abel Monteagudo Mendoza, Bruno Garcia Luize, Eduardo Martins Venticinque, Evlyn Márcia Moraes de Leão Novo, Percy Núñez Vargas, Thiago Sanna Freire Silva, Angelo Gilberto Manzatto, John Terborgh, Neidiane Farias Costa Reis, Juan Carlos Montero, Katia Regina Casula, Beatriz S Marimon, Ben-Hur Marimon, Euridice N Honorio Coronado, Ted R Feldpausch, Alvaro Duque, Charles Eugene Zartman, Nicolás Castaño Arboleda, Timothy J Killeen, Bonifacio Mostacedo, Rodolfo Vasquez, Jochen Schöngart, Rafael L Assis, Marcelo Brilhante Medeiros, Marcelo Fragomeni Simon, Ana Andrade, William F Laurance, José Luís Camargo, Layon O Demarchi, Susan G W Laurance, Emanuelle de Sousa Farias, Henrique Eduardo Mendonça Nascimento, Juan David Cardenas Revilla, Adriano Quaresma, Flavia R C Costa, Ima Célia Guimarães Vieira, Bruno Barçante Ladvocat Cintra, Hernán Castellanos, Roel Brienen, Pablo R Stevenson, Yuri Feitosa, Joost F Duivenvoorden, Gerardo A Aymard C, Hugo F Mogollón, Natalia Targhetta, James A Comiskey, Alberto Vicentini, Aline Lopes, Gabriel Damasco, Nállarett Dávila, Roosevelt García-Villacorta, Carolina Levis, Juliana Schietti, Priscila Souza, Thaise Emilio, Alfonso Alonso, David Neill, Francisco Dallmeier, Leandro Valle Ferreira, Alejandro Araujo-Murakami, Daniel Praia, Dário Dantas do Amaral, Fernanda Antunes Carvalho, Fernanda Coelho de Souza, Kenneth Feeley, Luzmila Arroyo, Marcelo Petratti Pansonato, Rogerio Gribel, Boris Villa, Juan Carlos Licona, Paul V A Fine, Carlos Cerón, Chris Baraloto, Eliana M Jimenez, Juliana Stropp, Julien Engel, Marcos Silveira, Maria Cristina Peñuela Mora, Pascal Petronelli, Paul Maas, Raquel Thomas-Caesar, Terry W Henkel, Doug Daly, Marcos Ríos Paredes, Tim R Baker, Alfredo Fuentes, Carlos A Peres, Jerome Chave, Jose Luis Marcelo Pena, Kyle G Dexter, Miles R Silman, Peter Møller Jørgensen, Toby Pennington, Anthony Di Fiore, Fernando Cornejo Valverde, Juan Fernando Phillips, Gonzalo Rivas-Torres, Patricio von Hildebrand, Tinde R van Andel, Ademir R Ruschel, Adriana Prieto, Agustín Rudas, Bruce Hoffman, César I A Vela, Edelcilio Marques Barbosa, Egleé L Zent, George Pepe Gallardo Gonzales, Hilda Paulette Dávila Doza, Ires Paula de Andrade Miranda, Jean-Louis Guillaumet, Linder Felipe Mozombite Pinto, Luiz Carlos de Matos Bonates, Natalino Silva, Ricardo Zárate Gómez, Stanford Zent, Therany Gonzales, Vincent A Vos, Yadvinder Malhi, Alexandre A Oliveira, Angela Cano, Bianca Weiss Albuquerque, Corine Vriesendorp, Diego Felipe Correa, Emilio Vilanova Torre, Geertje van der Heijden, Hirma Ramirez-Angulo, José Ferreira Ramos, Kenneth R Young, Maira Rocha, Marcelo Trindade Nascimento, Maria Natalia Umaña Medina, Milton Tirado, Ophelia Wang, Rodrigo Sierra, Armando Torres-Lezama, Casimiro Mendoza, Cid Ferreira, Cláudia Baider, Daniel Villarroel, Henrik Balslev, Italo Mesones, Ligia Estela Urrego Giraldo, Luisa Fernanda Casas, Manuel Augusto Ahuite Reategui, Reynaldo Linares-Palomino, Roderick Zagt, Sasha Cárdenas, William Farfan-Rios, Adeilza Felipe Sampaio, Daniela Pauletto, Elvis H Valderrama Sandoval, Freddy Ramirez Arevalo, Isau Huamantupa-Chuquimaco, Karina Garcia-Cabrera, Lionel Hernandez, Luis Valenzuela Gamarra, Miguel N Alexiades, Susamar Pansini, Walter Palacios Cuenca, William Milliken, Joana Ricardo, Gabriela Lopez-Gonzalez, Edwin Pos, Hans Ter Steege
Species distribution models (SDMs) are widely used in ecology and conservation. Presence-only SDMs such as MaxEnt frequently use natural history collections (NHCs) as occurrence data, given their huge numbers and accessibility. NHCs are often spatially biased which may generate inaccuracies in SDMs. Here, we test how the distribution of NHCs and MaxEnt predictions relates to a spatial abundance model, based on a large plot dataset for Amazonian tree species, using inverse distance weighting (IDW). We also propose a new pipeline to deal with inconsistencies in NHCs and to limit the area of occupancy of the species...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343410/random-uncertainty-of-photometric-determination-of-hemolysis-index-on-the-abbott-architect-c16000-platform
#14
Elena Aloisio, Assunta Carnevale, Sara Pasqualetti, Sarah Birindelli, Alberto Dolci, Mauro Panteghini
BACKGROUND: Automatic photometric determination of the hemolysis index (HI) on serum and plasma samples is central to detect potential interferences of in vitro hemolysis on laboratory tests. When HI is above an established cut-off for interference, results may suffer from a significant bias and undermine clinical reliability of the test. Despite its undeniable importance for patient safety, the analytical performance of HI estimation is not usually checked in laboratories. Here we evaluated for the first time the random source of measurement uncertainty of HI determination on the two Abbott Architect c16000 platforms in use in our laboratory...
January 14, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343268/time-homogeneous-markov-process-for-hiv-aids-progression-under-a-combination-treatment-therapy-cohort-study-south-africa
#15
Claris Shoko, Delson Chikobvu
BACKGROUND: As HIV enters the human body, its main target is the CD4 cell which it turns into a factory that produces millions of other HIV particles. These HIV particles target new CD4 cells resulting in the progression of HIV infection to AIDS. A continuous depletion of CD4 cells results in opportunistic infections, for example tuberculosis (TB). The purpose of this study is to model and describe the progression of HIV/AIDS disease in an individual on antiretroviral therapy (ART) follow up using a continuous time homogeneous Markov process...
January 18, 2018: Theoretical Biology & Medical Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343263/knowledge-use-and-disuse-of-unconventional-food-plants
#16
Mayana Lacerda Leal, Rubana Palhares Alves, Natalia Hanazaki
BACKGROUND: People's diets are usually restricted to a small number of plant species, even in regions with great diversity. We investigated the knowledge of residents in Ribeirão da Ilha, a district of Florianópolis (Santa Catarina, Brazil), about unconventional food plants (UFP). We report the UFP of the region, the parts used, the methods of processing, and the reasons for reduced use or even lack of use. METHODS: From June 2014 to January 2015, we interviewed 26 long-established residents and made free listings of plant resources in the region...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343256/the-effects-of-green-cardamom-supplementation-on-blood-glucose-lipids-profile-oxidative-stress-sirtuin-1-and-irisin-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Mohadeseh Aghasi, Shohreh Ghazi-Zahedi, Fariba Koohdani, Fereydoun Siassi, Ensieh Nasli-Esfahani, Ali Keshavarz, Mostafa Qorbani, Hoorieh Khoshamal, Asma Salari-Moghaddam, Gity Sotoudeh
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and hypolipidemic activities of cardamom may improve diabetes. However, the effect of this spice has not been investigated in diabetic subjects. This study was planned to determine the effects of green cardamom on blood glucose, lipids and oxidative stress status in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS/DESIGN: Eighty overweight or obese patients with type 2 diabetes will be selected. They will be randomly assigned to receive 3 g/d green cardamom or placebo for 10 weeks...
January 17, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343099/modelling-the-water-plant-cuticular-polymer-matrix-membrane-partitioning-of-diverse-chemicals-in-multiple-plant-species-using-the-support-vector-machine-based-qsar-approach
#18
S Gupta, S Mallick
In this study, a support vector machine (SVM) based multi-species QSAR (quantitative structure-activity relationship) model was developed for predicting the water-plant cuticular polymer matrix membrane (MX) partition coefficient, KMXw of diverse chemicals using two simple molecular descriptors derived from the chemical structures and following the OECD guidelines. Accordingly, the Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. data were used to construct the QSAR model that was externally validated using three other plant species data...
January 18, 2018: SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343044/bronchial-blocker-positioning-learning-curve-and-confidence-in-its-use
#19
Marco Rispoli, Gianluca Zani, Federico Bizzarri, Moana R Nespoli, Dario M Mattiacci, Vanni Agnoletti, Alfonso Fiorelli, Antonio Corcione, Salvatore Buono
BACKGROUND: Despite simple and safe to use and cheap, EZ Blocker remains underused probably because it requires particular skills in recognizing airway and in using fiber- bronchoscopy to check the exact position of their cuffs. Thus, we planned an education training program on the use of EZB for novices in anaesthesia and evaluated the number of procedures required for the acquisition of the skills of this technique. METHODS: The educational training program included three different phases as follows...
January 17, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342983/assessing-the-perceptions-and-practice-of-self-medication-among-bangladeshi-undergraduate-pharmacy-students
#20
Md Omar Reza Seam, Rita Bhatta, Bijoy Laxmi Saha, Abhijit Das, Md Monir Hossain, S M Naim Uddin, Palash Karmakar, M Shahabuddin Kabir Choudhuri, Mohammad Mafruhi Sattar
Objectives: To evaluate the perceptions and extent of practicing self-medication among undergraduate pharmacy students. Methods: This cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was conducted over a six month period (January to June 2016) among undergraduate pharmacy students in five reputable public universities of Bangladesh. It involved face-to-face interviews regarding self-medication of 250 respondents selected by simple random sampling. Results: Self-medication was reported by 88.0% of students. Antipyretics (58...
January 15, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
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