keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

check

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156429/kinetics-of-biogas-production-and-chemical-oxygen-demand-removal-from-compost-leachate-in-an-anaerobic-migrating-blanket-reactor
#1
Aliasghar Ebrahimi, Hassan Hashemi, Hadi Eslami, Reza Ali Fallahzadeh, Rasoul Khosravi, Roohollah Askari, Esmail Ghahramani
In this study, laboratory anaerobic migrating blanket reactor (AMBR) with four units was used to reduce and remove COD leachate of composting process; it was also used to determine the kinetic coefficients of COD removal and biogas and methane gas production in several different OLRs. The maximum concentration of organic matter entering the reactor was 100,000 mg/L and the reactor was under operation for 319 days. The results showed that the COD removal efficiency of AMBR in all concentrations of substrate entering the reactor was above 80%...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156382/discovery-of-selective-dengue-virus-inhibitors-using-combination-of-molecular-fingerprint-based-virtual-screening-protocols-structure-based-pharmacophore-model-development-molecular-dynamics-simulations-and-in-vitro-studies
#2
Shaher Bano Mirza, Regina Ching Hua Lee, Justin Jang Hann Chu, Ramin Ekhteiari Salmas, Thomas Mavromoustakos, Serdar Durdagi
Dengue virus is a major issue of tropical and sub-tropical regions. The proliferation of virus results in immense number of deaths each year because of unavailability of on-shelf drugs. This issue necessitates the design of novel anti-Dengue drugs. The protease enzyme pathway is the critical target for drug design due to its significance in the replication, survival and other cellular activities of Dengue virus. Keeping in mind the worsening situation regarding Dengue virus, approximately eighteen million drug-like compounds from the ZINC small molecule database have been screened against Nonstructural Protein 3 (NS3) previously by our group...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155990/a-systematic-review-of-interventions-and-performance-measures-for-antifungal-stewardship-programmes
#3
A L Bienvenu, L Argaud, F Aubrun, J L Fellahi, C Guerin, E Javouhey, V Piriou, T Rimmele, C Chidiac, G Leboucher
Objectives: Antifungal resistance is a significant and emerging threat. Stewardship programmes (SPs) have been proposed as an opportunity to optimize antifungal use. While examples of antifungal SP implementation have been recently described, there is yet to be an overview of interventions and their impacts on performance measures. Methods: We systematically reviewed published articles using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses check-list 2009...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155839/performance-of-thigh-mounted-triaxial-accelerometer-algorithms-in-objective-quantification-of-sedentary-behaviour-and-physical-activity-in-older-adults
#4
Jorgen A Wullems, Sabine M P Verschueren, Hans Degens, Christopher I Morse, Gladys L Onambélé
Accurate monitoring of sedentary behaviour and physical activity is key to investigate their exact role in healthy ageing. To date, accelerometers using cut-off point models are most preferred for this, however, machine learning seems a highly promising future alternative. Hence, the current study compared between cut-off point and machine learning algorithms, for optimal quantification of sedentary behaviour and physical activity intensities in the elderly. Thus, in a heterogeneous sample of forty participants (aged ≥60 years, 50% female) energy expenditure during laboratory-based activities (ranging from sedentary behaviour through to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity) was estimated by indirect calorimetry, whilst wearing triaxial thigh-mounted accelerometers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155419/catching-hidden-variation-systematic-correction-of-reference-minor-allele-annotation-in-clinical-variant-calling
#5
Yury A Barbitoff, Igor V Bezdvornykh, Dmitrii E Polev, Elena A Serebryakova, Andrey S Glotov, Oleg S Glotov, Alexander V Predeus
PurposeWe comprehensively assessed the influence of reference minor alleles (RMAs), one of the inherent problems of the human reference genome sequence.MethodsThe variant call format (VCF) files provided by the 1000 Genomes and Exome Aggregation Consortium (ExAC) consortia were used to identify RMA sites. All coding RMA sites were checked for concordance with UniProt and the presence of same codon variants. RMA-corrected predictions of functional effect were obtained with SIFT, PolyPhen-2, and PROVEAN standalone tools and compared with dbNSFP v2...
October 26, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155392/green-synthesised-zinc-oxide-nanostructures-through-periploca-aphylla-extract-shows-tremendous-antibacterial-potential-against-multidrug-resistant-pathogens
#6
Fazal Abbas, Qaisar Maqbool, Mudassar Nazar, Nyla Jabeen, Syed Zaheer Hussain, Sadaf Anwaar, Nasir Mehmood, Muhammad Saleem Sheikh, Talib Hussain, Sidra Iftikhar
To grapple with multidrug resistant bacterial infections, implementations of antibacterial nanomedicines have gained prime attention of the researchers across the globe. Nowadays, zinc oxide (ZnO) at nano-scale has emerged as a promising antibacterial therapeutic agent. Keeping this in view, ZnO nanostructures (ZnO-NS) have been synthesised through reduction by P. aphylla aqueous extract without the utilisation of any acid or base. Structural examinations via scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction have revealed pure phase morphology with highly homogenised average particle size of 18 nm...
December 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155358/criticism-of-efsa-s-scientific-on-combinatorial-effects-of-stacked-gm-plants
#7
Thomas Bøhn
Recent genetically modified plants tend to include both insect resistance and herbicide tolerance traits. Some of these 'stacked' GM plants have multiple Cry toxins expressed as well as tolerance to several herbicides. This means that non-target organisms in the environment (biodiversity) will be co-exposed to multiple stressors simultaneously. A similar co-exposure may happen to consumers through chemical residues in the food chain. EFSA, the responsible unit for minimizing risk of harm in European food chains, has expressed its scientific interest in combinatorial effects...
November 16, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154798/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-reducing-mental-distress-in-patients-undergoing-dental-procedures-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Sophia Burghardt, Susan Koranyi, Gabriel Magnucki, Bernhard Strauss, Jenny Rosendahl
OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis investigates the efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions in adults undergoing dental procedures under regional or general anesthesia compared to standard care alone or an attention control group on the reduction of mental distress, pain, and analgesic use. DATA SOURCES: To identify relevant papers a comprehensive literature search was carried out in MEDLINE, CENTRAL, Web of Science, and PsycINFO (last search August, 2017). Additionally, lists of references of relevant articles and previous reviews were checked...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154575/metamethod-study-of-qualitative-psychotherapy-research-on-clients-experiences-review-and-recommendations
#9
Heidi M Levitt, Andrew Pomerville, Francisco I Surace, Lauren M Grabowski
A metamethod study is a qualitative meta-analysis focused upon the methods and procedures used in a given research domain. These studies are rare in psychological research. They permit both the documentation of the informal standards within a field of research and recommendations for future work in that area. This paper presents a metamethod analysis of a substantial body of qualitative research that focused on clients' experiences in psychotherapy (109 studies). This review examined the ways that methodological integrity has been established across qualitative research methods...
November 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154557/in-the-shadow-of-coal-how-large-scale-industries-contributed-to-present-day-regional-differences-in-personality-and-well-being
#10
Martin Obschonka, Michael Stuetzer, Peter J Rentfrow, Leigh Shaw-Taylor, Max Satchell, Rainer K Silbereisen, Jeff Potter, Samuel D Gosling
Recent research has identified regional variation of personality traits within countries but we know little about the underlying drivers of this variation. We propose that the Industrial Revolution, as a key era in the history of industrialized nations, has led to a persistent clustering of well-being outcomes and personality traits associated with psychological adversity via processes of selective migration and socialization. Analyzing data from England and Wales, we examine relationships between the historical employment share in large-scale coal-based industries (coal mining and steam-powered manufacturing industries that used this coal as fuel for their steam engines) and today's regional variation in personality and well-being...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154440/mapping-of-the-available-chemical-space-versus-the-chemical-universe-of-lead-like-compounds
#11
Arkadii Lin, Dragos Horvath, Valentina Afonina, Gilles Marcou, Reymond Jean-Louis, Alexandre Varnek
This is, to our knowledge, the to-date most comprehensive analysis based on Generative Topographic Mapping (GTM) of the fragment-like chemical space (40M molecules with no more than 17 heavy atoms, both from the theoretically enumerated GDB-17, and real-world PubChem/ChEMBL). The challenge was to prove that a robust map of fragment-like chemical space can actually be built, in spite of a limited (<105) maximal number of compounds ("frame set") usable for fitting the GTM manifold. An evolutionary map building strategy has been updated with a "coverage check" step, discarding manifolds failing to accommodate compounds outside the frame set...
November 20, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153863/assessment-of-uranium-release-to-the-environment-from-a-disabled-uranium-mine-in-brazil
#12
Wagner de Souza Pereira, Alphonse Germaine Albert Charles Kelecom, Ademir Xavier da Silva, Alessander Sá do Carmo, Delcy de Azavedo Py Júnior
The Ore Treatment Unit (in Portuguese Unidade de Tratamento de Minérios - UTM) located in Caldas, MG, Brazil is a disabled uranium mine. Environmental conditions generate acid drainage leaching metals and radionuclides from the waste rock pile. This drainage is treated to remove the heavy metals and radionuclides, before allowing the release of the effluent to the environment. To validate the treatment, samples of the released effluents were collected at the interface of the installation with the environment...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153695/posterior-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-women-with-eclampsia-predictors-and-outcome
#13
Anand Kumar Verma, Ravindra Kumar Garg, Yashodhara Pradeep, Hardeep Singh Malhotra, Imran Rizvi, Neeraj Kumar, Neera Kohli, Shweta Pandey
BACKGROUND: This study aims to study predictors of posterior encephalopathy syndrome in eclampsia and the impact of posterior encephalopathy syndrome on outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study enrolled consecutive women with eclampsia. These women were subjected to magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. Predictors of posterior encephalopathy syndrome were determined using univariate, followed by multivariate, analysis. Women were followed for 30days...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153025/annals-express-gestational-age-specific-reference-intervals-for-15-biochemical-measurands-during-normal-pregnancy-in-china
#14
Yanpeng Dai, Junjie Liu, Enwu Yuan, Yushan Lee, Quanxian Wang, Liting Jia, Linkai Wang, Yanhua Su
AIMS: Physiological changes that occur during pregnancy can influence biochemical parameters. Therefore, using reference intervals based on specimens from non-pregnant women to interpret laboratory results during pregnancy may be inappropriate. This study aimed to establish essential to establish reference intervals for a range of analytes during pregnancy. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was performed in 13656 healthy pregnant and 2634 non-pregnant women. Fifteen biochemical measurands relating to renal and hepatic function were analyzed using an Olympus AU5400 analyzer (Olympus, Tokyo, Japan)...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152324/a-field-efficacy-and-safety-trial-in-the-netherlands-in-pigs-vaccinated-at-3%C3%A2-weeks-of-age-with-a-ready-to-use-porcine-circovirus-type-2-and-mycoplasma-hyopneumoniae-combined-vaccine
#15
Luuk Kaalberg, Victor Geurts, Rika Jolie
Background: Respiratory diseases impair the health and welfare of growing pigs and impacts farmers' gains worldwide. Their control through a preventative medical approach has to be tailored according to the pathogens identified at farm level. In the Netherlands, several studies have emphasized the prominent role of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, Porcine Circovirus type 2 and Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus in such respiratory conditions. Further to the arrival on the Dutch market of the first commercially available bivalent vaccine against PCV2 and M...
2017: Porcine Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151877/controlling-for-genetic-identity-of-varieties-pollen-contamination-and-stigma-receptivity-is-essential-to-characterize-the-self-incompatibility-system-of-olea-europaea-l
#16
Pierre Saumitou-Laprade, Philippe Vernet, Xavier Vekemans, Vincent Castric, Gianni Barcaccia, Bouchaïb Khadari, Luciana Baldoni
Bervillé et al. express concern about the existence of the diallelic self-incompatibility (DSI) system in Olea europaea, mainly because our model does not account for results from previous studies from their group that claimed to have documented asymmetry of the incompatibility response in reciprocal crosses. In this answer to their comment, we present original results based on reciprocal stigma tests that contradict conclusions from these studies. We show that, in our hands, not a single case of asymmetry was confirmed, endorsing that symmetry of incompatibility reactions seems to be the rule in Olive...
October 2017: Evolutionary Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151824/a-real-time-metabolomic-profiling-approach-to-detecting-fish-fraud-using-rapid-evaporative-ionisation-mass-spectrometry
#17
Connor Black, Olivier P Chevallier, Simon A Haughey, Julia Balog, Sara Stead, Steven D Pringle, Maria V Riina, Francesca Martucci, Pier L Acutis, Mike Morris, Dimitrios S Nikolopoulos, Zoltan Takats, Christopher T Elliott
Introduction: Fish fraud detection is mainly carried out using a genomic profiling approach requiring long and complex sample preparations and assay running times. Rapid evaporative ionisation mass spectrometry (REIMS) can circumvent these issues without sacrificing a loss in the quality of results. Objectives: To demonstrate that REIMS can be used as a fast profiling technique capable of achieving accurate species identification without the need for any sample preparation...
2017: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151609/clues-to-nacn-formation
#18
G Quintana-Lacaci, J Cernicharo, L Velilla Prieto, M Agúndez, A Castro-Carrizo, J P Fonfría, S Massalkhi, J R Pardo
Context: ALMA is providing us essential information on where certain molecules form. Observing where these molecules emission arises from, the physical conditions of the gas, and how this relates with the presence of other species allows us to understand the formation of many species, and to significantly improve our knowledge of the chemistry that occurs in the space. Aims: We studied the molecular distribution of NaCN around IRC +10216, a molecule detected previously, but whose origin is not clear...
November 2017: Astronomy and Astrophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151172/translation-and-validation-of-the-chinese-social-role-participation-questionnaire-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#19
Guoning Zhang, Jia Li, Delin Liu, Ting Wang, Yiming Wang, Weidong Xu
Social Role Participation Questionnaire (SRPQ) is used to evaluate the social participation with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Although the SRPQ has English and Dutch versions, there is no Chinese version even though China has the largest population of patients with AS. The objective of our study was to translate the SRPQ into Chinese version and assess its reliability and validity in Chinese patients with AS. The C-SRPQ was developed in a five-step translation and cross-cultural adaptation procedure. A total of 105 patients with AS were recruited during the time from September 2014 to June 2017...
November 18, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150813/a-social-cichlid-fish-failed-to-pass-the-mark-test
#20
Takashi Hotta, Shiho Komiyama, Masanori Kohda
Since the pioneering work in chimpanzees, mirror self-recognition (MSR), the ability to recognise oneself in a mirror, has been reported in great apes, Asian elephants, dolphins, and some social birds using the mark test, in which animals that possess MSR touch an imperceptible mark on their own bodies only when a mirror is present. However, giant pandas, which are solitary, failed to pass the mark test, suggesting that MSR evolved solely in highly social animals. In contrast to the increasing evidence of MSR in mammals and birds, little is known about MSR in fish...
November 17, 2017: Animal Cognition
keyword
keyword
27925
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"