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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332908/the-association-between-triglyceride-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-ratio-and-benign-prostate-hyperplasia-in-non-diabetic-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Huseyin Besiroglu, Murat Dursun, Alper Otunctemur, Emin Ozbek
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between triglyceride (TG)/high density lipoprotein (HDL) ratio and benign prostate hyperplasia/lower urinary tract symptoms (BPH/LUTS). METHODS: Four hundred patients who were admitted to the Urology Clinic between January and December 2014 with complaints of BPH/LUTS were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Patients were divided into two groups according to their International Prostate Symptom Score and prostate volume (PV)...
March 23, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327526/survivin-and-naip-in-human-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-protective-role-of-the-association-of-serenoa-repens-lycopene-and-selenium-from-the-randomized-clinical-study
#2
Giuseppe Morgia, Antonio Micali, Mariagrazia Rinaldi, Natasha Irrera, Herbert Marini, Domenico Puzzolo, Antonina Pisani, Salvatore Privitera, Giorgio I Russo, Sebastiano Cimino, Antonio Ieni, Vincenzo Trichilo, Domenica Altavilla, Francesco Squadrito, Letteria Minutoli
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) treatment includes the apoptosis machinery modulation through the direct inhibition of caspase cascade. We previously demonstrated that Serenoa repens (Ser) with lycopene (Ly) and selenium (Se) reawakened apoptosis by reducing survivin and neuronal apoptosis inhibitory protein (NAIP) levels in rats. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Ser-Se-Ly association on survivin and NAIP expression in BPH patients. Ninety patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to clinical BPH were included in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323043/high-dose-vitamin-d-may-improve-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-postmenopausal-women
#3
Johanna Oberg, Margareta Verelst, Rolf Jorde, Kevin Cashman, Guri Grimnes
Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are common in postmenopausal women, and have been reported inversely associated with vitamin D intake and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D levels. The aim of this study was to investigate if high dose vitamin D supplementation would affect LUTS in comparison to standard dose. In a randomized controlled study including 297 postmenopausal women with low bone mineral density, the participants were allocated to receive capsules of 20 000 IU of vitamin D3 twice a week (high dose group) or similar looking placebo (standard dose group)...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322961/galactoglucomannan-rich-hemicellulose-extract-from-norway-spruce-picea-abies-exerts-beneficial-effects-on-chronic-prostatic-inflammation-and-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-vivo
#4
Konkol Yvonne, Vuorikoski Heikki, Tuomela Johanna, Holmbom Bjarne, Bernoulli Jenni
Galactoglucomannan (GGM) is the main hemicellulose class in wood of coniferous trees and could be potentially utilized as a possible health-promoting substance for food and pharmaceutical industry. Our aim was to evaluate effects of orally administered GGM-rich extract from Norway spruce in a rat model of chronic prostatitis associated with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Prostatic inflammation and LUTS was induced in male rats using testosterone and 17β-estradiol exposure for 18 weeks. Rats were treated with 2% GGM dissolved in drinking water during weeks 13-18...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322900/structural-variations-of-the-prostatic-urethra-within-the-prostate-predict-the-severities-of-obstructive-symptoms-a-prospective-multicenter-observational-study
#5
Young Hwii Ko, Tae-Hwan Kim, Phil Hyun Song, Byung Hoon Kim, Bum Soo Kim, Ki Ho Kim, Jaeho Cho
OBJECTIVE: To describe distinctive morphologic variations of the prostate associated with the prostatic urethra, and to determine whether structural changes of the urethra within the prostate resulting from gland enlargement, rather than prostrate volume itself, lead to male lower urinary tract symptom (LUTS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: After standardizing measurements, seven ultrasonography determined variables, that is, prostate volume, transitional zone volume, transitional zone to total volume ratio, presence of intraprostatic protrusion, prostatic urethral angle, prostatic urethral length (PUL), and PUL-to-volume ratio (rPUL), were obtained prospectively in 293 men that had not taken LUTS medication during the 3 months prior to initial visits...
March 17, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322213/chronic-monitoring-of-lower-urinary-tract-activity-via-a-sacral-dorsal-root-ganglia-interface
#6
Abeer Khurram, Shani Ross, Zachariah Sperry, Aileen Ouyang, Christopher Stephan, Ahmad Jiman, Tim M Bruns
OBJECTIVE: Our goal is to develop an interface that integrates chronic monitoring of lower urinary tract (LUT) activity with stimulation of peripheral pathways. APPROACH: Penetrating microelectrodes were implanted in sacral dorsal root ganglia (DRG) of adult male felines. Peripheral electrodes were placed on or in the pudendal nerve, bladder neck and near the external urethral sphincter. Supra-pubic bladder catheters were implanted for saline infusion and pressure monitoring...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319024/the-prostatic-utricle-an-under-recognized-condition-resulting-in-significant-morbidity-in-boys-with-both-hypospadias-and-normal-external-genitalia
#7
Austin G Hester, Stanley J Kogan
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric presentations of a prostatic utricle have received only scant attention. Though recognized with increased frequency in boys with hypospadias, little is described about their incidence and potential for morbidity in boys with normal external genitalia. METHODS: We initially reviewed a cohort of 64 patients with hypospadias seen over a 3-year period to determine the frequency of investigative lower urinary tract studies and utricle identification...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315497/risk-stratification-for-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#8
Fabio Zattoni, Vincenzo Ficarra, Giacomo Novara
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) represents an important public health problem in ageing men due to frequently associated lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), which may impair quality of life. BPH is also a progressive disease, mainly characterized by a worsening of LUTS over time, and in some patients by the occurrence of serious outcomes such as acute urinary retention and need for BPH-related surgery. The management of BPH and LUTS in men should move forward its focus on symptom control only. Indeed, the goals of therapy for BPH are not only to improve bothersome LUTS but also to identify those patients at risk of unfavourable outcomes in order to optimize their management and reduce complications...
March 18, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315343/inhibition-of-agonist-induced-smooth-muscle-contraction-by-picotamide-in-the-male-human-lower-urinary-tract-outflow-region
#9
Martin Hennenberg, Alexander Tamalunas, Yiming Wang, Patrick Keller, Melanie Schott, Frank Strittmatter, Annika Herlemann, Qingfeng Yu, Beata Rutz, Anna Ciotkowska, Christian G Stief, Christian Gratzke
Male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to bladder outlet obstruction are characterized by abnormal smooth muscle contractions in the lower urinary tract. Alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonists may induce smooth muscle relaxation in the outflow region and represent the current goldstandard of medical treatment. However, results may be unsatisfactory or inadequate. Apart from α1-adrenoceptor agonists, smooth muscle contraction in the outflow region may be induced by thromboxane A2 (TXA2), endothelins, or muscarinic receptor agonists...
March 14, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303850/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-de-novo-stress-urinary-incontinence-after-pelvic-floor-reconstruction-a-nested-case-control-study
#10
Shi-Yan Wang, Ting-Ting Cao, Run-Zhi Wang, Xin Yang, Xiu-Li Sun, Jian-Liu Wang
BACKGROUND: Some patients with pelvic organ prolapse may suffer from lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), especially stress urinary incontinence (SUI) named de novo SUI after pelvic floor reconstruction. This study aimed to investigate the incidence and risk factors of de novo SUI. METHODS: This is a nested case-control study of 533 patients who underwent pelvic floor reconstruction due to pelvic organ prolapse (POP) at the Department of Gynecology in Peking University People's Hospital from January 2011 to March 2013...
March 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301527/associations-between-the-severity-of-obstructive-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-care-seeking-behavior-in-rural-africa-a-cross-sectional-survey-from-uganda
#11
Lynn Stothers, Andrew J Macnab, Francis Bajunirwe, Sharif Mutabazi, Jonathan Berkowitz
STUDY TYPE: A cross sectional survey. BACKGROUND: Global estimates indicate that by 2018 2.3 billion individuals worldwide will suffer from lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), with 1.1 billion having LUTS related to bladder outlet obstruction (BOO). Left untreated BOO in men causes irreversible changes to the urinary tract leading to urinary retention, the need for catheterization, renal failure and even death. Estimates suggest that Africa will be one of the continents with the greatest increase in (LUTS) by 2018 however direct measures in Africa are lacking...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301517/association-of-lower-urinary-tract-syndrome-with-peripheral-arterial-occlusive-disease
#12
Wei-Yu Lin, Karl-Erik Andersson, Cheng-Li Lin, Chia-Hung Kao, Hsi-Chin Wu
PURPOSE: To describe atherosclerosis may lead to chronic bladder ischemia, eventually resulting in lower urinary tract syndrome (LUTS), and peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). We investigated the association of LUTS with PAOD. METHODS: This nationwide population-based cohort study was based on data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database from 2000 to 2010; follow-up lasted until the end of 2011. We identified patients with newly diagnosed LUTS by using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298357/how-important-is-the-%C3%AE-1-adrenoceptor-in-primate-and-rodent-proximal-urethra-sex-differences-in-the-contribution-of-%C3%AE-1-adrenoceptor-to-urethral-contractility
#13
Eduardo C Alexandre, Mariana G de Oliveira, Rafael Campos, Luiz Ricardo A Kiguti, Fabiano B Calmasini, Fábio H Silva, Andrew D Grant, Naoki Yoshimura, Edson Antunes
Urethral smooth muscle (USM) contributes to urinary continence by contracting during the urine storage phase, which is mainly mediated by activation of post-junctional α1-adrenoceptors. Males and females show differences in the functioning of the lower urinary tract and the most common urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). LUTS in men typically occur in association with bladder outlet obstruction, whereas in women urinary urge-incontinence symptoms are more common. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate sex differences in α1-adrenoceptor subtype expression and their importance in proximal urethra contraction in mouse (C57BL6/J) and marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293871/greenlight-laser-photoselective-vaporization-of-the-prostate-for-treatment-of-benign-prostate-hyperplasia-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-patients-with-different-post-void-residual-urine
#14
Fei Luo, Hong-Hong Sun, Yan-Hui Su, Zhi-Hua Zhang, Ya-Shen Wang, Zhen Zhao, Jian Li
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of GreenLight laser photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) for the treatment of benign prostate hyperplasia/lower urinary tract symptoms (BPH/LUTS) in patients with different post-void residual urine (PVR). BPH/LUTS patients treated with PVP from January 2014 to January 2016 were enrolled in the present study. All patients were divided into PVR > 50, 50 ≤ PVR < 400, and PVR ≥ 400 ml groups, and standard general and urological methods for BPH/LUTS were carried out...
March 14, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285780/-validation-of-visual-prostate-symptom-score-vpss-in-the-evaluation-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-associated-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-550-patients
#15
A Descazeaud, P Coloby, J L Davin, A De La Taille, G Karsenty, G Kouri, D Rossi, J C Pouteau, M Zerbib
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to validate the VPSS (visual prostatic symptom score) score in the French language for the identification and monitoring of BPH-related LUTS in urological practice. METHODS: A prospective observational survey was carried out between September the 15th 2014 and July the 30th 2015 in urology practices. The first 4 consecutive patients aged over 60 years, with BPH-related LUTS requiring prescription of an alpha-blocker, were enrolled. We translated a "visual prostatic symptom score" (VPSS) into French and adapted it slightly...
March 9, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275519/sildenafil-citrate-in-combination-with-tamsulosin-versus-tamsulosin-monotherapy-for-management-of-male-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-due-to-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#16
Amr Fawzi, Mostafa Kamel, Emad Salem, Esam Desoky, Mohamed Omran, Hazem Elgalaly, Ahmed Sakr, Aref Maarouf, Salem Khalil
OBJECTIVE: To assess the additive effect of sildenafil citrate to tamsulosin in the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH) in men with or without erectile dysfunction (ED). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 150 men with untreated LUTS/BPH with or without ED were randomised to receive sildenafil 25 mg once daily (OD) or placebo OD (night time) combined with tamsulosin 0.4 mg OD (day time) for 6 months. Changes from pre-treatment scores in International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), IPSS-quality of life (QoL) score, maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax), and the five-item version of the International Index of Erectile Function questionnaire (IIEF-5) were assessed at 3 and 6 months...
March 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270016/urolift-minimally-invasive-surgical-bph-management
#17
REVIEW
Anish Pushkaran, Victoria Stainer, Gordon Muir, Iqbal S Shergill
An ideal treatment option for symptomatic Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) should relieve lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and restore Quality of Life (QoL). Currently available medical therapies and surgical options for symptomatic BPH have side effects that adversely affects quality of life. Prostatic urethral lift (PUL) is a novel endourology procedure that promises to relieve LUTS without the aforementioned side effects. Areas covered: We diligently reviewed all the published literature on PUL, till July 2016 using standard search criteria...
March 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267055/overactive-bladder-syndrome-and-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-after-prostate-cancer-treatment
#18
Suzanne Biers, Karl-Dietrich Sievert, Nikesh Thiruchelvam
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To assess the contemporary literature on the prevalence, cause and management of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and bladder overactivity following treatment of prostate cancer with radical surgery, radiotherapy and minimally invasive therapies for localized prostate cancer, including cryotherapy and high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). RECENT FINDINGS: Generally, the highest risk of urinary incontinence is after open radical prostatectomy (7-40%), although not all contemporary studies demonstrate a difference between open and laparoscopic techniques...
March 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266820/surgical-treatment-of-detrusor-underactivity-a-short-term-proof-of-concept-study
#19
Jerry G Blaivas, James C Forde, Jonathan L Davila, Lucas Policastro, Michael Tyler, Joshua Aizen, Anand Badri, Rajveer S Purohit, Jeffrey P Weiss
OBJECTIVES: To compare the surgical outcomes of men with bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) due to benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) to those with detrusor underactivity (DU) or acontractile detrusor (DA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective, IRB approved study included men who underwent BPO surgery for refractory LUTS or urinary retention. Patients were grouped based on videourodynamic (VUDS) findings: 1) men with BOO, 2) men with DU and 3) men with DA. The primary outcome measure was the Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGII)...
March 7, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265323/bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction-in-children-an-update-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-a-common-but-underdiagnosed-pediatric-problem
#20
REVIEW
Joana Dos Santos, Roberto I Lopes, Martin A Koyle
Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) describes a spectrum of lower urinary symptoms (LUTS) accompanied by fecal elimination issues that manifest primarily by constipation and/or encopresis. This increasingly common entity is a potential cause of significant physical and psychosocial burden for children and families. BBD is commonly associated with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), which at its extreme may lead to renal scarring and kidney failure. Additionally, BBD is frequently seen in children diagnosed with behavioural and neuropsychiatric disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
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