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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926006/developing-a-framework-to-assess-the-costeffectiveness-of-compare-a-global-platform-for-the-exchange-of-sequence-based-pathogen-data
#1
F Alleweldt, S Kara, A Osinski, P Van Baal, K Kellerborg, F M Aarestrup, M Koopmans
Analysing the genomic data of pathogens with the help of next-generation sequencing (NGS) is an increasingly important part of disease outbreak investigations and helps guide responses. While this technology has already been successfully employed to elucidate and control disease outbreaks, wider implementation of NGS also depends on its cost-effectiveness. COMPARE - short for 'Collaborative Management Platform for detection and Analyses of (Re-) emerging and foodborne outbreaks' - is a major project, funded by the European Union, to develop a global platform for sharing and analysing NGS data and thereby improve the rapid identification, containment and mitigation of emerging infectious diseases and foodborne outbreaks...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922177/project-career-an-individualized-postsecondary-approach-to-promoting-independence-functioning-and-employment-success-among-students-with-traumatic-brain-injuries
#2
Deborah Minton, Eileen Elias, Phillip Rumrill, Deborah J Hendricks, Karen Jacobs, Anne Leopold, Amanda Nardone, Elaine Sampson, Marcia Scherer, Aundrea Gee Cormier, Aiyana Taylor, Caitlin DeLatte
BACKGROUND: Project Career is a five-year interdisciplinary demonstration project funded by NIDILRR. It provides technology-driven supports, merging Cognitive Support Technology (CST) evidence-based practices and rehabilitation counseling, to improve postsecondary and employment outcomes for veteran and civilian undergraduate students with traumatic brain injury (TBI). GOAL: Provide a technology-driven individualized support program to improve career and employment outcomes for students with TBI...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922024/the-implementation-of-multiple-interprofessional-integrated-modules-by-health-sciences-faculty-in-chile
#3
Silvana Castillo-Parra, Sandra Oyarzo Torres, Mónica Espinoza Barrios, Ana María Rojas-Serey, Juan Diego Maya, Valeria Sabaj Diez, Verónica Aliaga Castillo, Manuel Castillo Niño, Luis Romero Romero, Jennifer Foster, Gustavo Hawes Barrios
Multiple interprofessional integrated modules (MIIM) 1 and 2 are two required, cross-curricular courses developed by a team of health professions faculty, as well as experts in education, within the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Chile. MIIM 1 focused on virtual cases requiring team decision-making in real time. MIIM 2 focused on a team-based community project. The evaluation of MIIM included student, teacher, and coordinator perspectives. To explore the perceptions of this interprofessional experience quantitative data in the form of standardised course evaluations regarding teaching methodology, interpersonal relations and the course organisation and logistics were gathered...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921376/legal-issues-in-governing-genetic-biobanks-the-italian-framework-as-a-case-study-for-the-implications-for-citizen-s-health-through-public-private-initiatives
#4
Cinzia Piciocchi, Rossana Ducato, Lucia Martinelli, Silvia Perra, Marta Tomasi, Carla Zuddas, Deborah Mascalzoni
This paper outlines some of the challenges faced by regulation of genetic biobanking, using case studies coming from the Italian legal system. The governance of genetic resources in the context of genetic biobanks in Italy is discussed, as an example of the stratification of different inputs and rules: EU law, national law, orders made by authorities and soft law, which need to be integrated with ethical principles, technological strategies and solutions. After providing an overview of the Italian legal regulation of genetic data processing, it considers the fate of genetic material and IP rights in the event of a biobank's insolvency...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919661/dax-the-next-generation-towards-one-million-processes-on-commodity-hardware
#5
Stephen M Damon, Brian D Boyd, Andrew J Plassard, Warren Taylor, Bennett A Landman
Large scale image processing demands a standardized way of not only storage but also a method for job distribution and scheduling. The eXtensible Neuroimaging Archive Toolkit (XNAT) is one of several platforms that seeks to solve the storage issues. Distributed Automation for XNAT (DAX) is a job control and distribution manager. Recent massive data projects have revealed several bottlenecks for projects with >100,000 assessors (i.e., data processing pipelines in XNAT). In order to address these concerns, we have developed a new API, which exposes a direct connection to the database rather than REST API calls to accomplish the generation of assessors...
2017: Proceedings of SPIE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918078/assessment-of-environmental-impacts-and-operational-costs-of-the-implementation-of-an-innovative-source-separated-urine-treatment
#6
Elorri Igos, Mathilde Besson, Tomás Navarrete Gutiérrez, Ana Barbara Bisinella de Faria, Enrico Benetto, Ligia Barna, Aras Ahmadi, Mathieu Spérandio
Innovative treatment technologies and management methods are necessary to valorise the constituents of wastewater, in particular nutrients from urine (highly concentrated and can have significant impacts related to artificial fertilizer production). The FP7 project, ValuefromUrine, proposed a new two-step process (called VFU) based on struvite precipitation and microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) to recover ammonia, which is further transformed into ammonium sulphate. The environmental and economic impacts of its prospective implementation in the Netherlands were evaluated based on life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology and operational costs...
September 8, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917519/endoscopic-or-arthroscopic-iliopsoas-tenotomy-for-iliopsoas-impingement-followingtotal-hip-replacement-a-prospective-multicenter-64-case-series
#7
W Guicherd, N Bonin, T Gicquel, J E Gedouin, X Flecher, M Wettstein, M Thaunat, N Prevost, E Ollier, O May
INTRODUCTION: Impingement between the acetabular component and the iliopsoas tendon is a cause of anterior pain after total hip replacement (THR). Treatment can be non-operative, endoscopic or arthroscopic, or by open revision of the acetabular component. Few studies have assessed these options. The present study hypothesis was that endo/arthroscopic treatment provides rapid pain relief with a low rate of complications. METHODS: A prospective multicenter study included 64 endoscopic or arthroscopic tenotomies for impingement between the acetabular component and the iliopsoas tendon, performed in 8 centers...
September 13, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917392/description-of-a-multi-university-education-and-collaborative-care-child-psychiatry-access-program-new-york-state-s-cap-pc
#8
D L Kaye, V Fornari, M Scharf, W Fremont, R Zuckerbrot, C Foley, T Hargrave, B A Smith, J Wallace, G Blakeslee, J Petras, S Sengupta, J Singarayer, A Cogswell, I Bhatia, P Jensen
OBJECTIVE: Although, child mental health problems are widespread, few get adequate treatment, and there is a severe shortage of child psychiatrists. To address this public health need many states have adopted collaborative care programs to assist primary care to better assess and manage pediatric mental health concerns. This report adds to the small literature on collaborative care programs and describes one large program that covers most of New York state. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: CAP PC, a component program of New York State's Office of Mental Health (OMH) Project TEACH, has provided education and consultation support to primary care providers covering most of New York state since 2010...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916250/successful-integration-of-pediatrics-into-state-health-care-reform-efforts
#9
Judith S Shaw, Susan E Varni, Elizabeth Cheng Tolmie, Mary Kate Mohlman, Valerie S Harder
Health care reform in Vermont promotes patient-centered medical homes (PCMH) and multi-disciplinary community health teams to support population health. This qualitative study describes the expansion of Vermont's health care reform efforts, initially focused on adult primary care, to pediatrics through interviews with project managers and facilitators, CHT members, pediatric practitioners and care coordinators, and community-based providers. Analyses used grounded theory, identifying themes confirmed by repeat occurrence across respondents...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915463/freshwater-vulnerability-under-high-end-climate-change-a-pan-european-assessment
#10
A G Koutroulis, L V Papadimitriou, M G Grillakis, I K Tsanis, K Wyser, R A Betts
As freshwater availability is crucial for securing a sustainable, lower‑carbon future, there is a critical connection between water management and climate policies. Under a rapidly changing climate, it is more important than ever to estimate the degree of future water security. This is a challenging task as it depends on many different variables: the degree of warming and its consequent effects on hydrological resources, the water demand by different sectors, and the possible ameliorations or deteriorations of the effects due to climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies...
September 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913681/calculation-of-intercepted-runoff-depth-based-on-stormwater-quality-and-environmental-capacity-of-receiving-waters-for-initial-stormwater-pollution-management
#11
Hai-Qin Peng, Yan Liu, Xue-Long Gao, Hong-Wu Wang, Yi Chen, Hui-Yi Cai
While point source pollutions have gradually been controlled in recent years, the non-point source pollution problem has become increasingly prominent. The receiving waters are frequently polluted by the initial stormwater from the separate stormwater system and the wastewater from sewage pipes through stormwater pipes. Consequently, calculating the intercepted runoff depth has become a problem that must be resolved immediately for initial stormwater pollution management. The accurate calculation of intercepted runoff depth provides a solid foundation for selecting the appropriate size of intercepting facilities in drainage and interception projects...
September 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913416/using-focused-laboratory-management-and-quality-improvement-projects-to-enhance-resident-training-and-foster-scholarship
#12
Matthew D Krasowski, Bradley A Ford, J Stacey Klutts, Chris S Jensen, Angela S Briggs, Robert A Robinson, Leslie A Bruch, Nitin J Karandikar
Training in patient safety, quality, and management is widely recognized as an important element of graduate medical education. These concepts have been intertwined in pathology graduate medical education for many years, although training programs face challenges in creating explicit learning opportunities in these fields. Tangibly involving pathology residents in management and quality improvement projects has the potential to teach and reinforce key concepts and further fulfill Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education goals for pursuing projects related to patient safety and quality improvement...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912709/extending-xnat-platform-with-an-incremental-semantic-framework
#13
Santiago Timón, Mariano Rincón, Rafael Martínez-Tomás
Informatics increases the yield from neuroscience due to improved data. Data sharing and accessibility enable joint efforts between different research groups, as well as replication studies, pivotal for progress in the field. Research data archiving solutions are evolving rapidly to address these necessities, however, distributed data integration is still difficult because of the need of explicit agreements for disparate data models. To address these problems, ontologies are widely used in biomedical research to obtain common vocabularies and logical descriptions, but its application may suffer from scalability issues, domain bias, and loss of low-level data access...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912646/student-misbehavior-in-physical-education-the-role-of-2-%C3%A3-2-achievement-goals-and-moral-disengagement
#14
Wei-Ting Hsu, Hsiu-Hua Li, Yi-Hsiang Pan
This study aimed to determine whether goal orientations were related to students' self-reported misbehaviors in physical education and to examine whether the effects were mediated by moral disengagement. A two-study project employing structural equation modeling was conducted with high school students (Study 1, n = 287; Study 2, n = 296). In Study 1, the results showed that mastery-avoidance goals were unable to predict five misbehaviors (i.e., aggressive behavior, low engagement, failure to follow directions, poor self-management, and distracting behavior)...
September 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912385/-primary-fracture-prevention-through-the-osteoporosis-liaison-service
#15
Shinichi Nakatoh
It is difficult to prevent primary fragility fractures because the subjects have not yet experienced a fracture. The offers of the community Osteoporosis Liaison Service are important for primary prevention of fragility fractures. The prevention, education, enlightenment, and the offer of osteoporosis examinations are included in this service. It is necessary to deliver the prevention services and osteoporosis education according to the age of the subjects. Hence, for young people, it is effective to include in school education that getting high peak bone mass is important, and for the middle-aged population, it is necessary to include education on the maintenance of bone quantity and the impact on risk factors such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912114/understanding-the-natural-progression-of-spina-bifida-prospective-study
#16
Judy Thibadeau, Matthew R Reeder, Jennifer Andrews, Katherine Ong, Marcia L Feldkamp, Sydney Rice, Ann Alriksson-Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Spina bifida (SB) is monitored through birth defects surveillance across the United States and in most developed countries. Although much is known about the management of SB and its many comorbid conditions in affected individuals, there are few systematic, longitudinal studies on population-based cohorts of children or adults. The natural history of SB across the life course of persons with this condition is not well documented. Earlier identification of comorbidities and secondary conditions could allow for earlier intervention that might enhance the developmental trajectory for children with SB...
September 14, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906480/disaster-governance-for-community-resilience-in-coastal-towns-chilean-case-studies
#17
Paula Villagra, Carolina Quintana
This study aimed to further our understanding of a characteristic of Community Resilience known as Disaster Governance. Three attributes of Disaster Governance-redundancy, diversity, and overlap-were studied in four coastal towns in southern Chile that are at risk of tsunamis. Overall, we explored how different spatial structures of human settlements influence Disaster Governance. Using the Projective Mapping Technique, the distribution of emergency institutions (N = 32) and uses given to specific sites (e...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906287/racial-disparities-in-sepsis-related-in-hospital-mortality-using-a-broad-case-capture-method-and-multivariate-controls-for-clinical-and-hospital-variables-2004-2013
#18
Jenna M Jones, Kathryn R Fingar, Melissa A Miller, Rosanna Coffey, Marguerite Barrett, Thomas Flottemesch, Kevin C Heslin, Darryl T Gray, Ernest Moy
OBJECTIVES: As sepsis hospitalizations have increased, in-hospital sepsis deaths have declined. However, reported rates may remain higher among racial/ethnic minorities. Most previous studies have adjusted primarily for age and sex. The effect of other patient and hospital characteristics on disparities in sepsis mortality is not yet well-known. Furthermore, coding practices in claims data may influence findings. The objective of this study was to use a broad method of capturing sepsis cases to estimate 2004-2013 trends in risk-adjusted in-hospital sepsis mortality rates by race/ethnicity to inform efforts to reduce disparities in sepsis deaths...
September 12, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905897/impact-of-a-global-temperature-rise-of-1-5-degrees-celsius-on-asia-s-glaciers
#19
P D A Kraaijenbrink, M F P Bierkens, A F Lutz, W W Immerzeel
Glaciers in the high mountains of Asia (HMA) make a substantial contribution to the water supply of millions of people, and they are retreating and losing mass as a result of anthropogenic climate change at similar rates to those seen elsewhere. In the Paris Agreement of 2015, 195 nations agreed on the aspiration to limit the level of global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius ( °C) above pre-industrial levels. However, it is not known what an increase of 1.5 °C would mean for the glaciers in HMA...
September 13, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904910/complications-acknowledging-managing-and-coping-with-human-error
#20
REVIEW
Sevann Helo, Carol-Anne E Moulton
Errors are inherent in medicine due to the imperfectness of human nature. Health care providers may have a difficult time accepting their fallibility, acknowledging mistakes, and disclosing errors. Fear of litigation, shame, blame, and concern about reputation are just some of the barriers preventing physicians from being more candid with their patients, despite the supporting body of evidence that patients cite poor communication and lack of transparency as primary drivers to file a lawsuit in the wake of a medical complication...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
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