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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081329/daily-surveillance-with-early-warning-scores-help-predicthospital-mortality-in-medical-wards
#1
Mine Durusu Tanrıöver, Burçin Halaçlı, Bilgin Sait, Serpil Öcal, Arzu Topeli
BACKGROUND/AIM: To analyze the potency of a modified early warning score (EWS) to help predict hospital mortality when used for surveillance in nonacute medical wards. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients in internal medicine wards were prospectively recruited. First, highest, and last scores; and mean daily score recordings and values were recorded. Nurses calculated scores for each patient upon admission and every 4 h. The last score was the score before death, discharge, or transfer to another ward...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060031/attitudes-of-nursing-students-about-pressure-injury-prevention
#2
Layla J Garrigues, Juliana C Cartwright, Donna Z Bliss
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the attitudes of baccalaureate nursing students toward their role in pressure injury prevention (PIP) and describe how clinical experiences influence their attitudes. Understanding students' attitudes and experiences related to PIP may facilitate development of evidence-based interventions for PIP by nurses. DESIGN: Qualitative exploratory descriptive design. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Participants were 16 senior nursing students enrolled in a prelicensure baccalaureate nursing program in an accredited school of nursing...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039649/or-fire-virtual-training-simulator-design-and-face-validity
#3
Denis Dorozhkin, Jaisa Olasky, Daniel B Jones, Steven D Schwaitzberg, Stephanie B Jones, Caroline G L Cao, Marcos Molina, Steven Henriques, Jinling Wang, Jeff Flinn, Suvranu De
BACKGROUND: The Virtual Electrosurgical Skill Trainer is a tool for training surgeons the safe operation of electrosurgery tools in both open and minimally invasive surgery. This training includes a dedicated team-training module that focuses on operating room (OR) fire prevention and response. The module was developed to allow trainees, practicing surgeons, anesthesiologist, and nurses to interact with a virtual OR environment, which includes anesthesia apparatus, electrosurgical equipment, a virtual patient, and a fire extinguisher...
December 30, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017572/data-sharing-between-providers-and-quality-initiatives-eliminate-unnecessary-nursing-home-admissions
#4
Ryan J Charles, Bonita M Singal, Andrew G Urquhart, Michael A Masini, Brian R Hallstrom
BACKGROUND: The Michigan Arthroplasty Registry Collaborative Quality Initiative (MARCQI) has monitored discharge disposition, after total hip and knee arthroplasties, since inception in 2012 and found the standardized risk of extended care facility (ECF) placement to be highly variable between hospitals. METHODS: The variation in standardized risks of ECF placement among MARCQI member sites was reported to the collaborative. At the May 2, 2014 quarterly meeting, a quality initiative was started, emphasizing the wide variability between hospitals, the contribution of hospital and surgeon to that variability using median odds ratios, and the need for outlier hospitals to initiate quality improvement (QI) processes...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997577/spatial-accessibility-to-health-care-services-identifying-under-serviced-neighbourhoods-in-canadian-urban-areas
#5
Tayyab Ikram Shah, Scott Bell, Kathi Wilson
BACKGROUND: Urban environments can influence many aspects of health and well-being and access to health care is one of them. Access to primary health care (PHC) in urban settings is a pressing research and policy issue in Canada. Most research on access to healthcare is focused on national and provincial levels in Canada; there is a need to advance current understanding to local scales such as neighbourhoods. METHODS: This study examines spatial accessibility to family physicians using the Three-Step Floating Catchment Area (3SFCA) method to identify neighbourhoods with poor geographical access to PHC services and their spatial patterning across 14 Canadian urban settings...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982488/effects-of-a-surgical-ward-care-protocol-following-open-colon-surgery-as-part-of-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-programme
#6
BoYeoul Kim, SungHee Park, KyuJoo Park, SeungBum Ryoo
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of a standardised care protocol as part of an enhanced recovery after surgery programme on the management of patients who underwent open colon surgery at the University Hospital, South Korea. BACKGROUND: Patients who undergo open colon surgery often have concerns about their care as they prepare for hospitalisation. By shortening hospital stay lengths, enhanced recovery after surgery programmes could reduce the number of opportunities for patient education and communication with nurses...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974000/characteristics-of-hospital-emergency-room-visits-for-mental-and-substance-use-disorders
#7
Toluwalope Ayangbayi, Albert Okunade, Mustafa Karakus, Thierry Nianogo
OBJECTIVE: This study compared characteristics of visits to emergency rooms (ERs) for mental and substance use disorders and for physical health conditions to establish a baseline against which to measure changes after full implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and parity legislation. METHODS: The retrospective, cross-sectional analysis fit a logistic regression model to pooled data comprising 193,526 observations from National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS) data from 2005 to 2011...
December 15, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968967/-nurses-and-health-officers-supporting-the-emergency-operations-command
#8
Franck Pilorget, Hugues Lefort
The health and medical emergency service of a departmental fire and rescue unit is a key element of emergency care in France. Health officers are present in the operations room or in the field. Often a nurse from the fire service, they may also be a doctor or pharmacist. Their mission is to optimise and to anticipate the emergency healthcare response both on a day-to-day basis as well as with extraordinary events involving numerous victims or large-scale technological, natural or terror risks.
November 2016: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964809/a-feminist-framework-for-nurses-on-boards
#9
Lisa J Sundean, E Carol Polifroni
Nurses' knowledge, skills, and expertise uniquely situate them to contribute to health care transformation as equal partners in organizational board governance. The Institute of Medicine, the 10,000 Nurses on Boards Coalition, and a growing number of nurse and health care scholars advocate nurse board leadership; however, nurses are rarely appointed as voting board members. When no room is made for nurses to take a seat at the table, the opportunity is lost to harness the power of nursing knowledge for health care transformation and social justice...
November 2016: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935778/anesthesia-involvement-in-palliative-care
#10
Amanda C Faircloth
Palliative care teams require multidisciplinary support. While this is an emerging area in anesthesia practice, there are many avenues for certified registered nurse anesthetists (CRNAs) to share their unrivaled clinical knowledge. CRNAs may become involved with or consult on palliative sedation, medical management, interventional pain management, terminal wean/extubation, and organ donation. Additionally, CRNAs need to understand the unique needs of this patient population so that they can appropriately care for palliative care patients presenting to the operating room for palliative surgery...
January 2017: Annual Review of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919400/a-novel-concept-for-integrating-and-delivering-health-information-using-a-comprehensive-digital-dashboard-an-analysis-of-healthcare-professionals-intention-to-adopt-a-new-system-and-the-trend-of-its-real-usage
#11
Keehyuck Lee, Se Young Jung, Hee Hwang, Sooyoung Yoo, Hyun Young Baek, Rong-Min Baek, Seok Kim
OBJECTIVE: To introduce a new concept of medical dashboard system called BESTBoard. Such a system was implemented in all wards in a tertiary academic hospital to explore the development process, core designs, functions, usability and feasibility. METHODS: The task-force team made user interface designs for 6 months based on a need analysis. Hardware configuration and software development was carried out for 3 months. We conducted a survey of 383 physicians and nurses to determine the usability and feasibility of the system...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897380/lived-experience-of-involuntary-transport-under-mental-health-legislation
#12
Joanne Bradbury, Marie Hutchinson, John Hurley, Helen Stasa
Police have historically been responsible for transporting people during a mental health crisis in Australia. A major change to the New South Wales (NSW) Mental Health Act (MHA) in 2007 expanded the range of coercive transportation agencies to include NSW Ambulance (paramedics) and NSW Health (mental health nurses). Anecdotal reports, however, describe a lack of clarity around how these changes should be implemented in practice. This research aims to explore this lack of clarity through qualitative analysis of interviews with people with the lived experience of involuntary transport under the MHA...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856140/impact-of-scribes-on-emergency-department-patient-throughput-one-year-after-implementation
#13
Heather A Heaton, David M Nestler, Christine M Lohse, Annie T Sadosty
OBJECTIVES: Assess the impact of scribes on an academic emergency department's (ED) throughput one year after implementation. METHODS: A prospective cohort design compared throughput metrics of patients managed when scribes were and were not a part of the treatment team during pre-defined study hours in a tertiary academic ED with both an adult and pediatric ED. An alternating-day pattern one year following scribe implementation ensured balance between the scribe and non-scribe groups in time of day, day of week, and patient complexity...
November 5, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823938/are-triage-questions-sufficient-to-assign-fall-risk-precautions-in-the-ed
#14
Lauren T Southerland, Lauren Slattery, Joseph A Rosenthal, Deborah Kegelmeyer, Anne Kloos
OBJECTIVES: The American College of Emergency Physicians Geriatric Emergency Department (ED) Guidelines and the Center for Disease Control recommend that older adults be assessed for risk of falls. The standard ED assessment is a verbal query of fall risk factors, which may be inadequate. We hypothesized that the addition of a functional balance test endorsed by the Center for Disease Control Stop Elderly Accidents, Deaths, and Injuries Falls Prevention Guidelines, the 4-Stage Balance Test (4SBT), would improve the detection of patients at risk for falls...
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805756/violence-against-women-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-nurses-and-midwives
#15
Patrizia Di Giacomo, Alessandra Cavallo, AnnaMaria Bagnasco, Marina Sartini, Loredana Sasso
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study's objective is to describe the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of nurses and midwives who have attended to women who suffered violence. This study further analyses the possible changes of attitude that have occurred over the past 5 years. BACKGROUND: Gender violence or violence against women is the largest problem with regard to public health and violated human rights all over the world. In Italy, it is estimated that 31.5 % of women suffer physical or sexual violence during their life...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803109/do-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-stroke-mortality-vary-by-distance-to-hospitals-in-switzerland-results-from-the-swiss-national-cohort-study
#16
Claudia Berlin, Radoslaw Panczak, Rebecca Hasler, Marcel Zwahlen
OBJECTIVE: Switzerland has mountains and valleys complicating the access to a hospital and critical care in case of emergencies. Treatment success for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or stroke depends on timely treatment. We examined the relationship between distance to different hospital types and mortality from AMI or stroke in the Swiss National Cohort (SNC) Study. DESIGN AND SETTING: The SNC is a longitudinal mortality study of the census 2000 population of Switzerland...
November 1, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769190/decide-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-to-reduce-non-medically-indicated-caesareans-in-burkina-faso
#17
Charles Kaboré, Valéry Ridde, Séni Kouanda, Ludovic Queuille, Paul-André Somé, Isabelle Agier, Alexandre Dumont
BACKGROUND: Since 2006, Burkina Faso has subsidized the cost of caesarean sections to increase their accessibility. Caesareans are performed by obstetricians, general practitioners, and nurses trained in emergency surgery. While the national caesarean rate is still too low (only 2 % in 2010), 12 to 24 % of caesareans performed in hospital are, in fact, not medically indicated. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and analyze the implementation of a multi-faceted intervention to lower the rate of non-medically indicated caesareans in Burkina Faso...
October 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766621/through-the-looking-glass-estimating-effects-of-medical-homes-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#18
Marisa Elena Domino, Mona Kilany, Rebecca Wells, Joseph P Morrissey
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether medical homes have heterogeneous effects in different subpopulations, leveraging the interpretations from a variety of statistical techniques. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Secondary claims data from the NC Medicaid program for 2004-2007. The sample included all adults with diagnoses of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or major depression who were not dually enrolled in Medicare or in a nursing facility. STUDY DESIGN: We modeled a number of monthly service use, adherence, and expenditure outcomes using fixed effects, generalized estimating equation with and without inverse probability of treatment weights, and instrumental variables analyses...
October 21, 2016: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754558/emergency-room-nurses-pathway-to-turnover-intention-a-moderated-serial-mediation-analysis
#19
Luk Bruyneel, Tom Thoelen, Jef Adriaenssens, Walter Sermeus
AIM: To explore the association between the quality of the work environment, job characteristics, demographic characteristics and a pathway of job satisfaction, emotional exhaustion and turnover intention among nurses in emergency departments and perform subgroup analyses. BACKGROUND: Turnover intention among nurses is high. Multiple causes have been described, mostly in large studies of nurses working on general wards, often without considering complementarity of conceptual models and showing scant interest in the consistency of associations across subgroups of nurses...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748332/implementation-of-a-pediatric-emergency-triage-system-in-xiamen-china
#20
Gang-Xi Lin, Yin-Ling Yang, Denise Kudirka, Colleen Church, Collin K K Yong, Fiona Reilly, Qi-Yi Zeng
BACKGROUND: Pediatric emergency rooms (PERs) in Chinese hospitals are perpetually full of sick and injured children because of the lack of sufficiently developed community hospitals and low access to family physicians. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical value of a new five-level Chinese pediatric emergency triage system (CPETS), modeled after the Canadian Triage System and Acuity Scale. METHODS: In this study, we compared CPETS outcomes in our PER relative to those of the prior two-level system...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
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