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nursing emergency room

J Russell Hoverman, Marcus A Neubauer, Melissa Jameson, Jad E Hayes, Kathryn J Eagye, Mitra Abdullahpour, Wendy J Haydon, Maria Sipala, Amy Supraner, Michael A Kolodziej, Diana K Verrilli
PURPOSE: Reform of cancer care delivery seeks to control costs while improving quality. Texas Oncology collaborated with Aetna to conduct a payer-sponsored program that used evidence-based treatment pathways, a disease management call center, and an introduction to advance care planning to improve patient care and reduce total costs. METHODS: From June 1, 2013, to May 31, 2016, 746 Medicare Advantage patients with nine common cancer diagnoses were enrolled. Patients electing for patient support services were telephoned by oncology nurses who assessed symptoms and quality of life and introduced advance care planning...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
Samin Nobakht, Arash Shirdel, Yasamin Molavi-Taleghani, Mohammad M Doustmohammadi, Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri
INTRODUCTION: Human resource supply is considered as one of the most vital factors in achieving organizational goals, and human resources are the most valuable factor in the production and delivery of services. Labor shortages and surpluses could downgrade the quality of services offered to patients. Considering the seriousness of this issue, this study aimed to investigate the status of human resources in Iran hospitals. METHODS: The narrative review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
William Bullock, E Reed Smith, Craig Heligman
A number of recent incidents in the United States resulted in a large number of citizens reporting to the Emergency Room seeking reassurance that they were okay. These citizens are being referred to in the medical community as the "Worried Well." We conducted a review of a transportation incident involving a chemical release and fire, which resulted in over 100 people reporting to the local emergency room for evaluation. Few, if any of the patients seen in the hospital had a potential exposure to the chemical or combustion byproducts...
January 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
Markus Kneihsl, Christian Enzinger, Kurt Niederkorn, Gerit Wünsch, Lisa Müller, Valeriu Culea, Andreas Lueger, Franz Fazekas, Thomas Gattringer
BACKGROUND: Stroke has become a treatable condition with increasing evidence of treatment benefits in older people. However, stroke mimics in geriatric patients are especially prevalent, causing incorrect suspicion and consecutive burden to patients and emergency room resources. We therefore examined the dimension of this problem by investigating emergency room admissions from nursing homes for suspected stroke. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all nursing home residents who were admitted to the neurological emergency room of our primary and tertiary care university hospital between 2013 and 2015...
March 14, 2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Joel Bierer, Eustatiu Memu, Robert Leeper, Dalilah Fortin, Eric Fréchette, Richard Inculet, Richard Malthaner
BACKGROUND: Our vision was to develop an inexpensive training simulation in a functional operating room (in-situ) that included surgical trainees, nursing and anesthesia staff to focus on effective interprofessional communication and teamwork skills. METHODS: The simulation scenario revolved around a post-pneumonectomy airway obstruction by residual tumor. This model included our thoracic operating room with patient status displayed by an open access vital sign simulator and a reversibly modified Laerdal® airway mannequin...
February 27, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
C X Li, Q B Meng, S Y Yuan, Y P Tian, H B Gao, D Q Yao
Objective: To investigate the coping styles and subjective well-being of nurses in the emergency treatment room of grade A tertiary hospitals in a province of China, and to explore the relationship between coping styles and subjective well-being. Methods: In January 2016, 189 nurses in the emergency treatment room were selected from 9 grade A tertiary hospitals in a province of China by random sampling. The general data, coping styles, and subjective well-being of these nurses were analyzed using the general questionnaire, coping style questionnaire, and Campbell index of well-being scale, respectively...
December 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Jeffrey Traczynski, Victoria Udalova
Many states allow nurse practitioners (NPs) to practice and prescribe drugs without physician oversight, increasing the number of autonomous primary care providers. We estimate the causal impact of NP independence on population health care utilization rates and health outcomes, exploiting variation in the timing of state law passage. We find that NP independence increases the frequency of routine checkups, improves care quality, and decreases emergency room use by patients with ambulatory care sensitive conditions...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Health Economics
Martin Høhrmann Hangaard, Brian Malling, Christian Backer Mogensen
BACKGROUND: Triage is used to prioritize the patients in the emergency department. The majority of the triage systems include the patients' pain score to assess their level of acuity by using a combination of patient reported pain and observer-perceived pain; the latter therefore requires a certain degree of inter-observer agreement. The aim of the present study was to assess the inter-observer agreement of perceived pain among emergency department nurses and to evaluate if it was influenced by predetermined factors like age and gender...
February 21, 2018: BMC Emergency Medicine
Manuel Mirón Rubio, Rocío Ceballos Fernández, Inmaculada Parras Pastor, Amaya Palomo Iloro, Borja Manuel Fernández Félix, Jenifer Medina Miralles, Esther Zamudio López, Javier González Pastor, Caridad Amador Lorente, Nazaret Mena Hortelano, Alejandro Domínguez Sánchez, Soledad Alonso-Viteri
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major consumer of healthcare resources, with most costs related to disease exacerbations. Telemonitoring of patients with COPD may help to reduce the number of exacerbations and/or the related costs. On the other hand, home hospitalization is a cost-saving alternative to inpatient hospitalization associated with increased comfort for patients. The results are reported regarding using telemonitoring and home hospitalization for the management of patients with COPD...
February 21, 2018: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
Niklas Ekerstad, Göran Östberg, Maria Johansson, Björn W Karlson
Objectives: Our aim was to study whether the acute care of frail elderly patients directly admitted to a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) unit is superior to the care in a conventional acute medical care unit in terms of patient satisfaction. Design: TREEE (Is the TReatment of frail Elderly patients Effective in an Elderly care unit?) is a clinical, prospective, controlled, one-center intervention trial comparing acute treatment in CGA units and in conventional wards...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Alexandros Rovas, Alexander-Henrik Lukasz, Hans Vink, Marc Urban, Jan Sackarnd, Hermann Pavenstädt, Philipp Kümpers
BACKGROUND: Deterioration of the endothelial glycocalyx (eGC), a protective carbohydrate-rich layer lining the luminal surface of the endothelium, plays a key role in vascular barrier dysfunction and eventually organ-failure in systemic inflammatory response syndrome and sepsis. Early detection of glycocalyx damage could thus become an important goal in critical care. This study was designed to determine the feasibility and reproducibility of quantitative, real-time glycocalyx measurements performed at bedside in the emergency room (ER) and intensive care unit (ICU)...
February 14, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Eva M Schwindt, Florian Hoffmann, Philipp Deindl, Thomas J Waldhoer, Jens C Schwindt
OBJECTIVES: To compare the duration to establish an umbilical venous catheter and an intraosseous access in real hospital delivery rooms and as a secondary aim to assess delaying factors during establishment and to provide recommendations to accelerate vascular access in neonatal resuscitation. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of audio-video recorded neonatal simulation training. SETTINGS: Simulation training events in exact replications of actual delivery/resuscitation rooms of 16 hospitals with different levels of care (Austria and Germany)...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Angelika Maly, Navdeep Singh, April Hazard Vallerand
The experience of cancer pain is poorly understood from the perspective of African Americans, who experience higher levels of pain, more pain-related distress, and poorer function than Caucasians. Decreased perceived control over pain may play a greater role for African American patients, affecting pain-related distress and function. The purpose of this study was to add to the understanding of cancer pain and perceived control over pain in African Americans, from the patients' perspective. This qualitative inquiry was part of a larger mixed-methods study testing an intervention to improve pain, pain-related distress, and functional status through increasing perceived control over pain...
February 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Laura Stanfield
INTRODUCTION: This quality improvement project compared door-to-electrocardiogram (ECG) times for patients presenting with symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome within a community hospital emergency department before and after first-nurse (emergency nurse stationed in the ED waiting room) training. METHOD: Door-to-ECG time was compared before and after the educational intervention using Acute Coronary Treatment and Intervention Outcomes Network (ACTION) registry data reported by the facility...
February 4, 2018: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
Dianne Marshall, Mary Finlayson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To identify the non-technical skills (NTS) required of nurses in general surgical wards for safe and effective care. BACKGROUND: As the largest occupational group, nurses are in an ideal position to block the vulnerabilities of patient adverse events in a surgical ward. Previous studies in the surgical environment have identified the NTS required of nurses for safe care in operating rooms however these skills have not been identified for nurses in general surgical wards...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Emel Ataş Berksoy, Özlem Bağ, Selçuk Yazici, Tanju Çelik
We compared the accuracy and utility of 3 infrared (IFR) thermographs fitted with axillary digital thermometers used to measure temperature in febrile and afebrile children admitted to an emergency triage room.A total of 184 febrile and 135 afebrile children presenting to a triage room were consecutively evaluated. Axillary temperature was recorded using a digital electronic thermometer. Simultaneously, IFR skin scans were performed on the forehead, the neck (over the carotid artery), and the nape by the same nurse...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Benoît Thériault, Maryse Marceau-Grimard, Anne-Sophie Blais, Vincent Fradet, Katherine Moore, Jonathan Cloutier
INTRODUCTION: On-call medical services assumed by residents represent many hours of hard work and no studies have documented what it really is. As part of an effort to ameliorate our on-call system, we examined phone calls received by residents on call. Our objectives were to evaluate the characteristics of phone calls received by residents on call (who, when, why, need to go to the hospital) and to determine residents' perception of these calls. We also looked into implementing strategies to reduce unnecessary calls...
December 1, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Fatemeh Jahanian, Seyed Mohammad Hosseininejad, Hamed Amini Ahidashti, Farzad Bozorgi, Iraj Goli Khatir, Seyyed Hosein Montazar, Vahideh Azarfar
Objective: To compare the effects of intravenous morphine and a low dose of ketamine on pain intensity of patients with traumatic fractures of the long bones. Methods: This randomized, controlled, double-blinded, clinical trial was conducted in the adult emergency department (ED) of Emam Khomeini hospital, a tertiary general hospital affiliated with Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, in Northern Iran, during a 6-month period. Patients were randomly assigned to receive intravenous morphine (0...
January 2018: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
Joselito Adriano da Silva, Angélica Santos Emi, Eliseth Ribeiro Leão, Maria Carolina Barbosa Teixeira Lopes, Meiry Fernanda Pinto Okuno, Ruth Ester Assayag Batista
OBJECTIVE: To verify agreement between estimative of predicted resources using the adapted Emergency Severity Index and the real amount of resources used by patients. To analyze the variables number of years since graduation, years of work experience and years of experience in emergency services especially with accurate anticipation of resources need. METHODS: This retrospective analytical study with a quantitative approach included 538 medical records of patients assisted by 11 triage nurses...
October 2017: Einstein
Leila Horvath, Doris Böhm, Sabine Gleich
BACKGROUND: Patients with intensive care and long-term mechanical ventilation needs are increasingly cared for in supervised flat-sharing communities. The municipal public health and environment department of Munich audited nursing services between April 2015 and August 2016. METHODS: The structural analysis of the nursing services was conducted using standardised checklists, and statistical analysis was performed. In agreement with the residents and providers of the nursing service, flats were inspected...
January 23, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
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