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Cholecystitis pregnancy

Amira El-Messidi, Ghazi Alsarraj, Nicholas Czuzoj-Shulman, Daniel S Mishkin, Haim Arie Abenhaim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the management of pregnancies complicated by acute cholecystitis (AC) and determine whether pregnant women are more likely to have medical and surgical complications. METHODS: We carried out a population-based matched cohort study using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project-Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2003 to 2011. Pregnant women with AC were age matched to non-pregnant women with AC on a 1:5 ratio. Management and outcomes were compared using descriptive analysis and conditional logistic regression...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
David R Hansberry, Michael D'Angelo, Michael D White, Arpan V Prabhu, Mougnyan Cox, Nitin Agarwal, Sandeep Deshmukh
PURPOSE: The vast amount of information found on the internet, combined with its accessibility, makes it a widely utilized resource for Americans to find information pertaining to medical information. The field of radiology is no exception. In this paper, we assess the readability level of websites pertaining specifically to emergency radiology. METHODS: Using Google, 23 terms were searched, and the top 10 results were recorded. Each link was evaluated for its readability level using a set of ten reputable readability scales...
November 15, 2017: Emergency Radiology
Mehmet İlhan, Gülşah İlhan, Ali Fuat Kaan Gök, Kayıhan Günay, Cemalettin Ertekin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the course and outcomes of pregnant patients with complicated gallstone disease and to reveal the experience of a tertiary center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 92.567 patients were evaluated using searches for diagnoses with the terms of pregnant, pregnancy, gallstone, cholecystitis, cholangitis, choledocholithiasis, pancreatitis, and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in pregnancy in the hospital database. Patients' age, week of gestation, parity, body mass index, definitive diagnosis, attack episodes, treatment modalities, and obstetric and neonatal complications were evaluated...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ibinabo Ibiebele, Margaret Schnitzler, Tanya Nippita, Jane B Ford
BACKGROUND: Gallstone disease is a leading indication for non-obstetric abdominal surgery during pregnancy. There are limited whole population data on maternal and neonatal outcomes. This population-based study aims to describe the outcomes of gallstone disease during pregnancy in an Australian setting. METHODS: Linked hospital, birth, and mortality data for all women with singleton pregnancies in New South Wales, Australia, 2001-2012 were analysed. Exposure of interest was gallstone disease (acute biliary pancreatitis, gallstones with/without cholecystitis)...
September 7, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
Jonas Hedström, Johan Nilsson, Roland Andersson, Bodil Andersson
OBJECTIVES: Gallstone-related disease is the second most common non-obstetric cause, following appendicitis, for acute abdomen in pregnancy. This study aimed to investigate treatment strategies, changes over time and outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All consecutive patients with symptomatic gallstone-related disease during pregnancy admitted to Skane University hospital in Lund and Malmö 2001-2015 were analysed retrospectively. Information regarding the patient, pregnancy and fetus/child was recorded...
September 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Andrea Socorro Álvarez-Villaseñor, Héctor Luis Mascareño-Franco, José Juan Agundez-Meza, Francisco Cardoza-Macías, Clotilde Fuentes-Orozco, Jorge Rendón-Félix, Mariana Chávez-Tostado, Leire Irusteta-Jiménez, Jesús García-Rentería, Guadalupe Ivette Contreras-Hernández, Alejandro González-Ojeda
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy and the postpartum period are risk factors for developing biliary sludge, gallstones, and any of their complications. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, presentation, and consequences of cholestasis during pregnancy and postpartum in a referral hospital of Baja California Sur. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational study that enrolled pregnant or postpartum patients diagnosed with gallstones with any presentation...
March 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
Pinar Sarkut, Sadik Kilicturgay, Hikmet Aktas, Yilmaz Ozen, Ekrem Kaya
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the gold standard for the treatment of symptomatic gallbladder stones. As infections are rare in uncomplicated LC, it is widely accepted that prophylactic antibiotics need not be administered, and guidelines do not support routine antibiotic prophylaxis during elective LC. However, routine antibiotic prophylaxis for elective LC is still popular in many clinical settings. We investigated this situation in our department. METHOD: This randomized double-blind controlled study included 570 patients who underwent LC between March 2007 and February 2010...
July 2017: Surgical Infections
Agnès Ditisheim, Baha M Sibai
Subcapsular liver hematoma is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication of preeclampsia and hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets syndrome. It may present with nonspecific signs and symptoms, none of which are diagnostic, and can mimic pulmonary embolism of cholecystitis. There is no consensus on the management of subcapsular liver hematoma. Unruptured liver hematoma can be conservatively managed. When rupture occurs, surgical, endovascular approaches and, rarely, liver transplantation, may be required...
March 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
Hina Iftikhar, Shareen Idu, Abdel Omer
An acute abdomen assessment in pregnancy is complicated. Pain can have obstetric and nonobstetric causes. Cholecystitis is a common cause of pain in pregnancy with significant morbidity if not managed promptly. We report a case of a ruptured, torted, right ovarian teratodermoid erroneously diagnosed as cholecystitis in pregnancy.
May 2016: Clinical Case Reports
Carin E Reust, Amy Williams
Acute abdominal pain accounts for approximately 9% of childhood primary care office visits. Symptoms and signs that increase the likelihood of a surgical cause for pain include fever, bilious vomiting, bloody diarrhea, absent bowel sounds, voluntary guarding, rigidity, and rebound tenderness. The age of the child can help focus the differential diagnosis. In infants and toddlers, clinicians should consider congenital anomalies and other causes, including malrotation, hernias, Meckel diverticulum, or intussusception...
May 15, 2016: American Family Physician
Thais O Polanco, Sara Alothman, Hector Depaz, Alexius Ramcharan
Listeria monocytogenes (LM) is an aerobic, motile, intracellular gram-positive bacterium. Most invasive systemic infections caused by LM are commonly seen in patients at both extremes of age, during pregnancy or in immunocompromised hosts. Common clinical manifestations of LM infection in immunocompromised adults are bacteremia, infections of central nervous system, such as meningitis, and self-limiting febrile gastroenteritis. Focal infections of listeria are rare, especially cholecystitis, with only few cases reported in the last 33 years...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Frank Lammert, Kurinchi Gurusamy, Cynthia W Ko, Juan-Francisco Miquel, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez, Piero Portincasa, Karel J van Erpecum, Cees J van Laarhoven, David Q-H Wang
Gallstones grow inside the gallbladder or biliary tract. These stones can be asymptomatic or symptomatic; only gallstones with symptoms or complications are defined as gallstone disease. Based on their composition, gallstones are classified into cholesterol gallstones, which represent the predominant entity, and bilirubin ('pigment') stones. Black pigment stones can be caused by chronic haemolysis; brown pigment stones typically develop in obstructed and infected bile ducts. For treatment, localization of the gallstones in the biliary tract is more relevant than composition...
April 28, 2016: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
Asger Eller, Susy Shim, Louise Sigvardt, Peter Rask, Michael Festersen Nielsen
This case report describes a 35-year-old female with acute cholecystitis 36 weeks into her pregnancy. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was assessed not to be possible. An ultrasonic guided percutaneous transhepatic gall bladder drainage was performed resulting in immediate pain relief. The patient was discharged two days later, and the drain sat in place until a caesarian section was per--formed. A post-surgery cholangiography demonstrated stones in the gall bladder but no stones in the common bile duct. An uneventful laparoscopic cholecystectomy was carried out three months after surgery...
April 18, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Christophoros Kosmidis, Georgios Anthimidis, Nikolaos Varsamis, Fotini Makedou, Eleni Georgakoudi, Christophoros Efthimiadis
BACKGROUND: Differential diagnosis of acute abdomen in pregnant patients is one of the greatest challenges for the clinician. Occurrence of Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) paroxysm of peritonitis and acute cholecystitis during pregnancy is a unique clinical entity that leads to serious diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 33-year-old Armenian patient at 16 weeks' gestational age with a history of FMF, who was admitted twice within 1 month with acute abdomen...
February 24, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
J Bouyou, S Gaujoux, L Marcellin, M Leconte, F Goffinet, C Chapron, B Dousset
Abdominal emergencies during pregnancy (excluding obstetrical emergencies) occur in one out of 500-700 pregnancies and may involve gastrointestinal, gynecologic, urologic, vascular and traumatic etiologies; surgery is necessary in 0.2-2% of cases. Since these emergencies are relatively rare, patients should be referred to specialized centers where surgical, obstetrical and neonatal cares are available, particularly because surgical intervention increases the risk of premature labor. Clinical presentations may be atypical and misleading because of pregnancy-associated anatomical and physiologic alterations, which often result in diagnostic uncertainty and therapeutic delay with increased risks of maternal and infant morbidity...
December 2015: Journal of Visceral Surgery
T C Cox, C R Huntington, L J Blair, T Prasad, A E Lincourt, V A Augenstein, B T Heniford
BACKGROUND: When pregnant patients require surgery, whether to perform an operation open or laparoscopic is often debated. We evaluated the impact of laparoscopy for common general surgical problems in pregnancy to determine safety and trends in operative approach over time. METHODS: Pregnant patients undergoing appendectomy or cholecystectomy were identified using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database. We analyzed demographics, operative characteristics, and outcomes...
February 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Jae Joon Lee, Sung Koo Lee, Sang Hyung Kim, Ga Hee Kim, Do Hyun Park, Sangsoo Lee, Dongwan Seo, Myung-Hwan Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic therapy with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has been suggested as an effective diagnostic and therapeutic tool for biliary and pancreatic disorders during pregnancy. In this report, we describe our experiences with pancreatobiliary endoscopic procedures during pregnancy. METHODS: We reviewed ERCP and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) procedures that were performed at a single tertiary care referral center between January 2002 and October 2013...
September 23, 2015: Gut and Liver
Grace H Taylor, Steven D Schwaitzberg
INTRODUCTION: Symptoms of severe intestinal dysmotility decrease patients' quality of life and may prevent them from sustaining adequate oral intake. Dronabinol is a synthetic cannabinoid that is labeled for use in AIDS-related anorexia and chemotherapy-associated nausea and vomiting that has additional efficacy in patients with other etiologies of nausea, vomiting, and anorexia. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a 58-year-old female with a history of nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and inability to maintain oral intake after multiple laparotomies for ectopic pregnancy, recurrent caecal volvulus, and cholecystitis...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ashvin Paramanathan, Sam Zachary Walsh, Jieyun Zhou, Steven Chan
INTRODUCTION: Biliary tract disease is a common non-obstetric surgical presentation during pregnancy. Although small international series demonstrate favourable outcomes following laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) during pregnancy, there is a paucity of Australian data to complement these findings. METHOD: Between 1st January 2003 and 30th June 2013, all patients undergoing planned LC during pregnancy at Western Health were retrospectively identified. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients underwent planned LC with 3 (13%) cases converted to open surgery...
June 2015: International Journal of Surgery
Eran Weiner, Yossi Mizrachi, Ran Keidar, Ram Kerner, Abraham Golan, Ron Sagiv
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to assess the clinical and obstetric outcomes of laparoscopic surgeries performed during advanced pregnancy compared to those performed in early pregnancy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all cases of patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery during pregnancy in our institution between 1996 and 2013. RESULTS: We reviewed cases of 117 pregnant women who underwent laparoscopic surgery during the study period...
November 2015: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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