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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426261/a-morphological-study-of-uterine-alterations-in-mice-due-to-exposure-to-cadmium
#1
M Sapmaz-Metin, Y Topcu-Tarladacalisir, I Kurt-Omurlu, B Karaoz Weller, S Unsal-Atan
We investigated the morphologic and molecular effects of exposure to cadmium (Cd) for 30 and 60 days on the uteri of mice. We assessed uterine morphometric measurements, eosinophilia, mast cell numbers, endometrial apoptosis, proliferation and estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) immunoreactivity. We examined vaginal smears that reflected the hormonal alterations in the female reproductive tract. Because the female reproductive tract exhibits different morphology at each stage of the estrous cycle, we sacrificed all animals at estrus to make appropriate comparisons...
April 20, 2017: Biotechnic & Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416813/brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-val-66-met-genotype-and-ovarian-steroids-interactively-modulate-working-memory-related-hippocampal-function-in-women-a-multimodal-neuroimaging-study
#2
S-M Wei, E B Baller, P D Kohn, J S Kippenhan, B Kolachana, S J Soldin, D R Rubinow, P J Schmidt, K F Berman
Preclinical evidence suggests that the actions of ovarian steroid hormones and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are highly convergent on brain function. Studies in humanized mice document an interaction between estrus cycle-related changes in estradiol secretion and BDNF Val(66)Met genotype on measures of hippocampal function and anxiety-like behavior. We believe our multimodal imaging data provide the first demonstration in women that the effects of the BDNF Val/Met polymorphism on hippocampal function are selectively modulated by estradiol...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408299/ovarian-hormones-modify-anxiety-behavior-and-glucocorticoid-receptors-after-chronic-social-isolation-stress
#3
Dinah L Ramos-Ortolaza, Raura J Doreste-Mendez, John K Alvarado-Torres, Annelyn Torres-Reveron
Chronic social isolation could lead to a disruption in the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) axis, resulting in anxiety and depressive-like behaviors but cycling estrogens could modify these behaviors. The aim of this study was to determine if changes in ovarian hormones during the normal cycle could interact with social isolation to alter anxiety and depressive-like behaviors. In parallel, we examined the expression of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and synaptic vesicle protein synaptophysin in the hippocampus and hypothalamus of Sprague Dawley normal cycling female rats...
April 10, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407864/birth-of-cloned-mice-from-vaginal-smear-cells-after-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer
#4
Hiroki Kuwayama, Yoshiaki Tanabe, Teruhiko Wakayama, Satoshi Kishigami
Less invasive methods for donor cell collection will facilitate reproduction of wild animals using somatic-cell nuclear transfer. Stages of the estrous cycle in mice have long been studies using somatic cells that can be collected from vaginal walls using cotton tipped swabs in a relatively non-invasive manner. In this study, we examined the feasibility of these cells as sources of nuclei for somatic-cell cloning using nuclear transfer. Estrous cycles generally comprise proestrus, estrus, metestrus, and diestrus stages...
May 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398618/fertility-and-embryo-fetal-development-assessment-in-rats-and-rabbits-with-evacetrapib-a-cholesteryl-ester-transfer-protein-inhibitor
#5
William J Breslin, Kim G Hilbish, Ellen A Cannady, Tammy L Edwards
BACKGROUND: The purpose of these studies was to evaluate the effects of evacetrapib on male and female fertility and on embryo-fetal development (EFD). METHODS: Evacetrapib, a potent and selective inhibitor of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP), was administered daily by oral gavage starting 2 weeks (for female) or 4 weeks (for male) before mating, during cohabitation, and until necropsy in the male rat fertility study or through gestation day (GD) 17 in the female rat combined fertility/EFD study...
April 17, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359918/the-effects-of-desipramine-fluoxetine-or-tianeptine-on-changes-in-bulbar-bdnf-levels-induced-by-chronic-social-instability-stress-and-inflammation
#6
Marta M Nowacka-Chmielewska, Daniela Kasprowska, Monika Paul-Samojedny, Anna M Bielecka-Wajdman, Jarosław J Barski, Andrzej Małecki, Ewa Obuchowicz
BACKGROUND: Stress is a major predisposing factor in the development of psychiatric disorders and potential source of augmented inflammatory processes in the brain. Increasing body of evidence shows an important role of alterations in the olfactory bulbs (OBs) function in stress-related disorders. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of antidepressants on the alterations of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in female rats subjected to chronic social instability stress (CSIS)...
January 17, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336267/association-analysis-of-polymorphism-in-kiss1-gene-with-reproductive-traits-in-goats
#7
Mahmoud S El-Tarabany, Asmaa W Zaglool, Akram A El-Tarabany, Ashraf Awad
Understanding the genetic information of related genes is helpful for the selection and breeding course through marker assisted selection. The aim of the current study was to detect polymorphisms of the KiSS1 gene in 137 animals, including Baladi, Zaraibi and Damascus goat breeds by PCR-RFLP, and DNA sequencing and to investigate the association between these variants and reproductive traits. Comparison of the nucleotide sequence indicated the substitution of T with A at position 121 (T121A) in the intron 1 of the KiSS1 gene in all goat breeds...
March 18, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330768/estrous-detection-by-monitoring-ventral-tail-base-surface-temperature-using-a-wearable-wireless-sensor-in-cattle
#8
Ryotaro Miura, Koji Yoshioka, Toru Miyamoto, Hirofumi Nogami, Hironao Okada, Toshihiro Itoh
In the present study, the ventral tail base surface temperature (ST) was monitored using a wearable wireless sensor for estrus detection in cattle. Relationships among ST, behavioral estrus expression, ovulation, and changes in hormone profiles during the estrous cycle were examined. Holstein Friesian or Japanese Black female cattle were used in summer (August-September), autumn (October-November) and winter (January-February; three animals per season). On Day 11 of the estrous cycle (Day 0=the day of ovulation), the sensor was attached to the surface of the ventral tail base and ST was measured every 2min until Day 11 of the next estrous cycle...
March 11, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326570/reproductive-disorders-in-female-rats-after-prenatal-exposure-to-betamethasone
#9
Cibele S Borges, Tainá L Pacheco, Marina T Guerra, Aline L Barros, Patricia V Silva, Gabriela Missassi, Katiussia Pinho da Silva, Janete A Anselmo-Franci, André S Pupo, Wilma De G Kempinas
Betamethasone is the drug of choice for antenatal treatment, promoting fetal lung maturation and decreasing mortality. Previous studies in rats reported male programming and alteration in sperm parameters and sexual behavior following intrauterine betamethasone exposure. The impact on the female reproductive development is not known. In this study, rat female offspring was assessed for sexual development, morphophysiology of the reproductive tract and fertility after maternal exposure to 0.1 mg kg(-1) of betamethasone or vehicle on gestational days 12, 13, 18 and 19...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321005/the-concentration-dependent-effect-of-progesterone-on-follicle-growth-in-the-mouse-ovary
#10
Kouji Komatsu, Satoru Masubuchi
Follicle growth in the mammalian ovary is coordinately controlled by multiple factors to sustain periodic ovulation. In this study, we investigated the role of progesterone on follicle growth in the mouse ovary. As the concentration of progesterone changes during the estrus cycle, we cultured the sliced mouse ovary in a medium containing 10 ng/ml, 100 ng/ml, and 1 μg/ml progesterone. Progesterone promoted the growth of primordial to primary follicles at 100 ng/ml, while it suppressed the growth of secondary follicles at 1 μg/ml...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315656/expression-of-odc1-spd-spm-and-azin1-in-the-hypothalamus-ovary-and-uterus-during-rat-estrous-cycle
#11
Joseph R D Fernandes, Sammit Jain, Arnab Banerjee
The aim of the present study was to investigate variation in the expression pattern of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC1), spermine (SPM), spermidine (SPD) and antizyme inhibitor (AZIN1) in hypothalamus, ovary and uterus during the estrous cycle of rats. Further, to understand any correlation between polyamines and GnRH I expression in hypothalamus; effect of putrescine treatment on GnRH I expression in hypothalamus and progesterone and estradiol levels in serum were investigated. The study also aims in quantifying all the immunohistochemistry images obtained based on pixel counting algorithm to yield the relative pixel count...
March 16, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297660/progesterone-prevents-high-grade-serous-ovarian-cancer-by-inducing-necroptosis-of-p53-defective-fallopian-tube-epithelial-cells
#12
Na-Yiyuan Wu, Hsuan-Shun Huang, Tung Hui Chao, Hsien Ming Chou, Chao Fang, Chong-Zhen Qin, Chueh-Yu Lin, Tang-Yuan Chu, Hong Hao Zhou
High-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC) originates mainly from the fallopian tube (FT) epithelium and always carries early TP53 mutations. We previously reported that tumors initiate in the FT fimbria epithelium because of apoptotic failure and the expansion of cells with DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) caused by bathing of the FT epithelial cells in reactive oxygen species (ROSs) and hemoglobin-rich follicular fluid (FF) after ovulation. Because ovulation is frequent and HGSOC is rare, we hypothesized that luteal-phase progesterone (P4) could eliminate p53-defective FT cells...
March 14, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295274/kisspeptin-innervation-of-the-hypothalamic-paraventricular-nucleus-sexual-dimorphism-and-effect-of-estrous-cycle-in-female-mice
#13
Marilena Marraudino, Dèsirèe Miceli, Alice Farinetti, Giovanna Ponti, GianCarlo Panzica, Stefano Gotti
The hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) is the major autonomic output area of the hypothalamus and a critical regulatory center for energy homeostasis. The organism's energetic balance is very important for both the regular onset of puberty and regulation of fertility. Several studies have suggested a relationship among neural circuits controlling food intake, energy homeostasis and the kisspeptin peptide. The kisspeptin system is clustered in two main groups of cell bodies [the anterior ventral periventricular region (AVPV) and the arcuate nucleus (ARC)] projecting mainly to gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons and to a few other locations, including the PVN...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294161/in-vivo-imaging-of-the-muc5b-gel-forming-mucin
#14
Céline Portal, Valérie Gouyer, Mylène Magnien, Ségolène Plet, Frédéric Gottrand, Jean-Luc Desseyn
Gel-forming mucins are macromolecules produced by goblet cells and responsible for the mucus gel formation. Changes in goblet cell density and in gel-forming mucin production have emerged as sensitive indicators for mucosal diseases. A Muc5b-GFP tagged reporter mouse was used to assess Muc5b production in mouse tissues by immunofluorescence microscopy and fluorescent activity using stereromicroscopy and probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy. Muc5b production was followed longitudinally by recording the fluorescent activity in vagina and in embryonic lung explants under stimulation by interleukin 13...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277126/alteration-in-follistatin-gene-expression-detected-in-prenatally-androgenized-rats
#15
Marziyeh Salehi Jahromi, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Jennifer W Hill, Mahsa Noroozzadeh, Maryam Zarkesh, Asghar Ghasemi, Azita Zadeh-Vakili
Impaired ovarian follicle development, the hallmark of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), is believed to be due to the changes in expression of related genes such as follistatin (FST). Expression of FST gene and methylation level of its promoter in theca cells from adult female rats, prenatally exposed to androgen excess, during different phases of the estrus cycle was determined and compared with controls. Eight pregnant Wistar rats (experimental group) were treated by subcutaneous injection of 5 mg free testosterone on day 20 of pregnancy, while controls (n = 8) received 500 ml solvent...
February 26, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267433/hemi-ovariectomies-promote-a-decrease-in-the-dendritic-lengths-of-ca1-and-ca3-neurons-a-dimorphic-effect-of-the-cerebral-hemispheres
#16
Dolores Adriana Bravo Durán, Adriana Berenice Silva Gómez, Ana Coral Gutiérrez Rosas, Angélica Trujillo
Certain structures of the central nervous system (CNS) are morphologically and functionally related to the ovaries. Ovariectomy has been used to study the functional role of the ovaries in the CNS, as well as the role of the CNS on the reproductive system. In the present study, the effects of left and right hemi-ovariectomy on the morphology of pyramidal neurons from the CA1 and CA3 regions of the ventral hippocampus were studied. During the estrus phase, female Long-Evans rats underwent either left and right hemi-ovariectomies or left and right sham surgeries...
May 1, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257870/analysis-of-lh-receptor-in-canine-ovarian-follicles-throughout-the%C3%A2-estrous-cycle
#17
Monica De Los Reyes, Jaime Palomino, Victor H Parraguez, Fernando Ramirez
The aim of this study was to determine the mRNA LHR and LHR protein expression pattern in the canine ovarian follicles at different stage of development throughout the estrous cycle. Dog ovaries were obtained from 1-6y bitches at proestrus/estrus, anestrus and diestrus stages following ovariohysterectomy. Follicular cells were mechanically recovered from follicles distributed into four types (preantral, small antral, medium antral and large antral). Total RNA extraction was performed and the evaluation of gene expression levels was achieved by relative quantification q-PCR analysis...
April 15, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237410/glucagon-like-peptide-1-glp-1-increases-in-plasma-and-colon-tissue-prior-to-estrus-and-circulating-levels-change-with-increasing-age-in-reproductively-competent-wistar-rats
#18
Michelle L Johnson, M Jill Saffrey, Victoria J Taylor
There is a well-documented association between cyclic changes to food intake and the changing ovarian hormone levels of the reproductive cycle in female mammals. Limited research on appetite-controlling gastrointestinal peptides has taken place in females, simply because regular reproductive changes in steroid hormones present additional experimental factors to account for. This study focussed directly on the roles that gastrointestinal-secreted peptides may have in these reported, naturally occurring, changes to food intake during the rodent estrous cycle and aimed to determine whether peripheral changes occurred in the anorexigenic (appetite-reducing) hormones peptide-YY (PYY) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in female Wistar rats (32-44 weeks of age)...
February 22, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237341/onset-of-luteolytic-action-of-exogenous-prostaglandinf-2%C3%AE-during-estrous-cycle-in-goats
#19
Juan E Romano, Abdalhamid Alkar, Marcel Amstalden
The objectives of these two experiments were to determine the day of onset of luteolysis after exogenous PGF-2α administration during the estrous cycle and the fertility of this synchronized estrus in goats. In the first experiment, during the breeding season, 48 Nubian does were estrous synchronized, using intravaginal sponges impregnated with a progestin, and estrus was detected by vasectomized bucks. The does were divided at random into three groups of 16 does each to be treated at days 2, 3, and 4 of the estrous cycle (estrus = day 0)...
April 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230329/integrating-trans-abdominal-ultrasonography-with-fecal-steroid-metabolite-monitoring-to-accurately-diagnose-pregnancy-and-predict-the-timing-of-parturition-in-the-red-panda-ailurus-fulgens-styani
#20
Erin Curry, Lissa J Browning, Paul Reinhart, Terri L Roth
Red pandas (Ailurus fulgens styani) exhibit a variable gestation length and may experience a pseudopregnancy indistinguishable from true pregnancy; therefore, it is not possible to deduce an individual's true pregnancy status and parturition date based on breeding dates or fecal progesterone excretion patterns alone. The goal of this study was to evaluate the use of transabdominal ultrasonography for pregnancy diagnosis in red pandas. Two to three females were monitored over 4 consecutive years, generating a total of seven profiles (four pregnancies, two pseudopregnancies, and one lost pregnancy)...
February 23, 2017: Zoo Biology
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