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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792876/temperature-dependent-sex-determination-realized-by-hormonal-dynamics-with-enzymatic-reactions-sensitive-to-ambient-temperature
#1
Sachi Yamaguchi, Yoh Iwasa
Temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD) is adopted by many animal taxa, including reptiles and fishes. In some species, the eggs develop into females under a low hatching temperature, whereas they will develop into males under a high hatching temperature (called the FM-pattern). In other species, the eggs develop into males (or females) under a low (or high) hatching temperature (MF-pattern). Still, in other species, the eggs develop into females, males, or females, respectively, when under a low, intermediate, or high hatching temperature (FMF-pattern)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787577/analysis-of-micrornas-in-familial-mediterranean-fever
#2
Gil Amarilyo, Nir Pillar, Ilan Ben-Zvi, Daphna Weissglas-Volkov, Jonatan Zalcman, Liora Harel, Avi Livneh, Noam Shomron
OBJECTIVES: Although Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is categorized as autosomal recessive, frequent exceptions to this model exist and therefore we aimed to search epigenetic modifications in this disease. METHODS: Ten M694V homozygous FMF patients (the most severe phenotype) were recruited for this study. Patients with inflammatory flare were excluded. Total RNA was extracted from peripheral blood, and microRNA expression profiled using NanoString nCounter technology...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786862/experimental-fluence-modulated-proton-computed-tomography-by-pencil-beam-scanning
#3
George Dedes, Robert P Johnson, Mark Pankuch, Nick Detrich, Willemijn M A Pols, Simon Rit, Reinhard W Schulte, Katia Parodi, Guillaume Landry
PURPOSE: This experimental study is aimed at demonstrating, using a simple cylindrical water phantom, the feasibility of fluence modulated proton computed tomography (FMpCT) by pencil beam scanning (PBS) proton computed tomography (pCT). METHODS: The phase II pCT prototype of the Loma Linda U. and U. C. Santa Cruz was operated using the PBS beam line of the Northwestern Medicine Chicago Proton Center. A 20x10 grid of 1.37 cm full width half maximum pencil beams (PB) equally spaced by 1 cm was used to acquire 45 projections in step and shoot mode...
May 22, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786509/-targeted-screening-for-pre-eclampsia-in-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-at-toulouse-university-hospital
#4
A Genoux, P Guerby, M Morin, B Perret, C Vayssière, S M Hamdi
GOALS: Preeclampsia (PE) is a leading cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Early treatment by aspirin has been shown to significantly reduce PE risk before 37weeks supporting the implementation of first-trimester screening. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A targeted screening was recently implemented at Toulouse University Hospital for women in their first pregnancy or those with personal or familial history of PE. It uses Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) algorithm that combines maternal characteristics, clinical, biophysical and biochemical (PAPP-A, Pregnancy Associated Plasma Protein-A, and PlGF, Placental Growth Factor) data...
May 18, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780113/familial-mediterranean-fever-mutations-in-a-patient-with-periodic-episodes-of-systemic-pain-deriving-from-cancer-bone-metastases
#5
Kouhei Yamashita, Kiyomi Mizugishi, Akifumi Takaori-Kondo
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), the most common autoinflammatory disorder, is characterized by recurrent febrile attacks and polyserositis. FMF is caused by mutations in MEFV, which encodes pyrin. In this report, we present an atypical FMF case with E148Q/L110P mutations in MEFV. The patient experienced periodic episodes of systemic pain originating from prostate cancer bone metastases. The pain attacks were prevented by continuous prophylactic therapy with colchicine. In this case, the presence of atypical FMF may have modulated the clinical manifestations of cancer bone metastases...
May 18, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775082/profile-of-renal-aa-amyloidosis-in-older-and-younger-individuals-a-single-centre-experience
#6
Siyar Erdogmus, Zeynep Kendi Celebi, Serkan Akturk, Gizem Kumru, Neval Duman, Kenan Ates, Sehsuvar Erturk, Gokhan Nergizoglu, Sim Kutlay, Sule Sengul, Kenan Keven
OBJECTIVE: In epidemiological studies of amyloid A (AA) amyloidosis from Turkey, the most frequently cause was familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and it occurs generally in young age population. However, there are no sufficient data regarding aetiology, clinical presentation and prognosis of renal AA amyloidosis in advanced age patients. In this study, we aimed to investigate demographic, clinical presentation, aetiology and outcomes of adults aged 60 years or older patients with biopsy-proven renal AA amyloidosis...
May 18, 2018: Amyloid: the International Journal of Experimental and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773275/periodic-fever-syndromes
#7
REVIEW
Helen J Lachmann
Periodic fever syndromes are autoinflammatory diseases. The majority present in infancy or childhood and are characterised by recurrent episodes of fever and systemic inflammation that occur in the absence of autoantibody production or identifiable infection. The best recognised disorders include CAPS, FMF, TRAPS and MKD. Understanding the molecular pathogenesis of these disorders provides unique insights into the regulation of innate immunity. Diagnosis relies on clinical acumen and is supported by genetic testing...
August 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765972/reflectance-confocal-microscopy-as-new-diagnostic-tool-in-folliculotropic-mycosis-fungoides
#8
Gabriella Fabbrocini, Caterina Mazzella, Mariateresa Cantelli, Antonello Baldo, Daniela Russo, Gaetano De Rosa, Giuseppe Monfrecola
We present a case of folliculotropic mycosis fungoides (FMF), a variant of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma which particularly affects hair follicles. FMF can imitate a wide variety of otherwise benign dermatoses, so it poses major diagnostic obstacles both for the dermatologist as well as the dermatopathologist. In our case, in vivo reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) was very important for guiding the skin biopsy site selection. For this reason, RCM can reduce the number of unsuccessful histopathological examinations and increase the diagnostic accuracy for different skin dermatoses...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761911/the-evaluation-of-salivary-oxidative-stress-in-patients-with-familial-mediterranean-fever-and-chronic-periodontitis
#9
Gözde Dinç, Özlem Fentoğlu, Atalay Doğru, İlter İlhan, F Yeşim Kırzıoğlu, Hikmet Orhan
BACKGROUND: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an inherent autoinflammatory disease and have a high prevalence in Mediterranean countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate salivary levels of oxidative stress parameters in patients with FMF and chronic periodontitis. METHODS: The study population consists of 81 patients with FMF and 85 systemically healthy controls. The test and control groups were classified as chronic periodontitis and periodontally healthy [FMF-periodontitis (n = 37); FMF-periodontally healthy (n = 44); systemically healthy-periodontitis (n = 37); systemically and periodontally healthy (n = 48]...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735907/the-frequency-of-mefv-gene-mutations-and-genotypes-in-sanliurfa-province-south-eastern-region-of-turkey-after-the-syrian-civil-war-by-using-next-generation-sequencing-and-report-of-a-novel-exon-4-mutation-i423t
#10
Evren Gumus
BACKGROUND: Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) is a genetic disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of fever and abdominal pain. Mutations in the Mediterranean fever (MEFV) gene are localized on the p arm of chromosome 16. Over 333 MEFV sequence variants have been identified so far in FMF patients, which occur mostly in the 2nd and 10th exons of the gene. METHODS: In this study, 296 unrelated patients with clinical suspicion of FMF, which were admitted during January⁻December 2017, were retrospectively reviewed to identify the frequency of MEFV gene mutations by using next generation sequencing...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726638/folliculotropic-mycosis-fungoides
#11
REVIEW
Christina Mitteldorf, Rudolf Stadler, Christian A Sander, Werner Kempf
Accepted by the WHO and EORTC as a variant of classic mycosis fungoides, folliculotropic (syn.: follicular or pilotropic) mycosis fungoides (FMF) is characterized by a broad clinical and histological spectrum with numerous differential diagnoses. Recent studies have shown that FMF can be divided into two prognostically different subgroups, both marked by histological as well as clinical differences. Treatment should therefore be tailored to the various subtypes and clinical courses. The present review highlights the clinical and histological manifestations of FMF as well as the new subclassification...
May 4, 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715803/weakly-coupled-4-mode-step-index-fmf-and-demonstration-of-im-dd-mdm-transmission
#12
Tao Hu, Juhao Li, Dawei Ge, Zhongying Wu, Yu Tian, Lei Shen, Yaping Liu, Su Chen, Zhengbin Li, Yongqi He, Zhangyuan Chen
Weakly coupled-mode division multiplexing (MDM) over few-mode fibers (FMF) for short-reach transmission has attracted great interest, which can avoid multiple-input-multiple-output digital signal processing (MIMO-DSP) by greatly suppressing modal crosstalk. In this paper, step-index FMF supporting 4 linearity polarization (LP) modes for MIMO-free transmission is designed and fabricated for the first time, to our knowledge. Modal crosstalk of the fiber is suppressed by increasing the mode effective refractive index differences...
April 2, 2018: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714289/characterization-of-aerosol-optical-properties-using-multiple-clustering-techniques-over-zanjan-iran-during-2010-2013
#13
Maryam Gharibzadeh, Khan Alam, Yousefali Abedini, Abbasali Aliakbari Bidokhti, Amir Masoumi, Humera Bibi
Discrimination of aerosol types is very important, because different aerosols are created from diverse sources having different chemical, physical, and optical properties. In the present study, we have analyzed the seasonal classification of aerosol types by multiple clustering techniques, using AERosol Robotic NETwork (AERONET) data during 2010-2013 over Zanjan, Iran. We found that aerosol optical depth (AOD) showed pronounced seasonal variations of a summer high and winter low. Conversely, the values of the Angstrom exponent (AE) in winter and fall were higher than in spring and summer, which confirmed the presence of fine particles, while the low value of AE in the summer and spring represented the existence of coarse particles...
April 10, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700870/the-cost-effectiveness-of-first-trimester-screening-and-early-preventative-use-of-aspirin-in-women-at-high-risk-of-early-onset-pre-eclampsia
#14
Dayne Ortved, T Lee-Ann Hawkins, Jo-Ann Johnson, Jon Hyett, Amy Metcalfe
OBJECTIVE: Pre-eclampsia (PE) remains a leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. A first trimester screening algorithm predicting the risk of early onset PE has been developed and validated. Early prediction coupled with initiation of aspirin at 11 to 13 weeks in women identified as high risk is effective at reducing the prevalence of early onset PE. The aim of this study is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of this first trimester screening program coupled with early use of low-dose aspirin in women at high risk of developing early onset PE versus current practice...
April 27, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664424/lipid-profile-and-atherogenic-indices-and-their-association-with-platelet-indices-in-familial-mediterranean-fever
#15
Gökhan Çakırca, Muhammet Murat Çelik
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate lipid profiles and atherogenic indices and their association with platelet indices in Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) patients. METHODS: A total of 63 FMF patients and 51 healthy individuals were included in this retrospective study. Inflammatory marker values (erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR], C-reactive protein [CRP] and fibrinogen), platelet indices (mean platelet volume, plateletcrit value, platelet large cell ratio, and platelet distribution width), lipid profiles (levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein [HDL] cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol) were recorded...
April 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663815/canakinumab-as-monotherapy-for-treatment-of-familial-mediterranean-fever-first-report-in-central-and-eastern-europe-region
#16
M Jesenak, K Hrubiskova, L Kapustova, M Kostkova, P Banovcin
Autoinflammatory disorders (AID) are characterized by spontaneous attacks of acute inflammation with a broad spectrum of clinical symptoms. Ongoing inflammation and reoccurrence of acute flares can lead to the development of amyloidosis. One group of AID is represented by monogenic periodic fever syndromes while familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is the most common form of AID from this group. Its prevalence in Central and Eastern Europe was reported to be very low. We report a case of FMF patient with a very severe clinical course of FMF and intolerance to colchicine, which is a gold standard for FMF treatment...
2018: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659435/frontalis-muscle-flap-versus-maximal-anterior-levator-resection-as-first-option-for-patients-with-severe-congenital-ptosis
#17
Ramón Medel, Salvador Molina, Luz Maria Vasquez, Josep Visa, Ana Wert, Charlotte Wolley-Dod
PURPOSE: To compare 2 surgical techniques (frontalis flap versus maximal anterior levator resection) as first surgical options for the treatment of congenital ptosis with poor levator function in patients younger than 2 years of age with a follow up of 10 years. METHODS: A retrospective study of 58 patients (71 eyelids) with severe ptosis and poor levator function who underwent frontalis muscle flap (FMF = 47) or maximal anterior levator resection (ALR = 24) for correction of their ptosis...
April 12, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652392/orbital-angular-momentum-mode-multiplexed-transmission-in-heterogeneous-few-mode-and-multi-mode-fiber-network
#18
Long Zhu, Andong Wang, Shi Chen, Jun Liu, Jian Wang
Mode-division multiplexing (MDM), which employs the spatial modes of light as information carriers, has been widely investigated to increase the transmission capacity. Few-mode fibers (FMFs) and multi-mode fibers (MMFs) have been used for MDM fiber transmission. One of the MDM techniques known as twisted light multiplexing using orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes has recently attracted increasing interest. In this Letter, by splicing two FMFs together with a conventional OM3 MMF, we propose and demonstrate OAM-based MDM in a heterogeneous fiber-optic network, i...
April 15, 2018: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611726/increased-circulating-endothelial-microparticles-in-children-with-fmf
#19
Sibel Yel, İsmail Dursun, Feyza Şahiner, Funda Baştuğ, Sebahat Tülpar, Ruhan Düşünsel, Zübeyde Gündüz, Hakan Poyrazoğlu, Kenan Yılmaz
OBJECTIVE: Endothelial microparticles (EMPs) are considered as markers of endothelial dysfunction. In this study, we aimed to examine whether there is endothelial dysfunction in children with Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF), hypothesizing that endothelial dysfunction would be present especially with acute phase response in the active period of the disease. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 65 FMF patients (41 attack free, 24 attack period) and 35 healthy controls...
April 3, 2018: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606817/folliculotropic-mycosis-fungoides-in-20-korean-cases-clinical-and-histopathologic-features-and-response-to-ultraviolet-a-1-and-or-photodynamic-therapy
#20
Min Soo Jang, Ji Yun Jang, Jong Bin Park, Dong Young Kang, Jin Woo Lee, Taek Geun Lee, Hyun Hwangbo, Kee Suck Suh
Background: Folliculotropic mycosis fungoides (FMF) is a variant of mycosis fungoides (MF) that is characterized clinically by variable types of skin eruptions, including plaques, acneiform lesions, and alopecic patches. Histopathologically, FMF is characterized by folliculotropic infiltrates. Objective: This study was conducted to scrutinize the clinical and histopathologic features of FMF in Koreans and the responses to phototherapy. Methods: Twenty Koreans diagnosed with MF who had histopathologic evidence of folliculotropism were enrolled...
April 2018: Annals of Dermatology
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