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AMPK energy metabolism

Sang Gil Lee, Hong Min Wu, Chan Gyu Lee, Choong Sik Oh, So Won Chung, Sang Geon Kim
BACKGROUND: Binge alcohol consumption elicits mitochondrial dysfunction in hepatocytes. An understanding of the effect of ethanol (EtOH) exposure after hypergravity stress on liver function may assist in the implementation of pathophysiological countermeasures for aerospace missions. This study investigated whether a combination of hypergravity stress and binge alcohol intake has a detrimental effect on AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and other molecules necessary for hepatocyte survival...
November 30, 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
T L Scheffler, D E Gerrard
The Rendement Napole mutation (RN-), which is well known to influence pork quality, also has a profound impact on metabolic characteristics of muscle. Pigs with RN- possess a SNP in the γ3 subunit of adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK); AMPK, a key energy sensor in skeletal muscle, modulates energy producing and energy consuming pathways to maintain cellular homeostasis. Importantly, AMPK regulates not only acute response to energy stress but also facilitates long-term adaptation via changes in gene and protein expression...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
Hui-Lin Wang, Xiao-Hua Cui, Hai-Lun Yu, Rong Wu, Xu Xu, Jian-Ping Gao
The purpose of this study was to assess the synergistic effect of polydatin and vitamin C on attenuating cardiotoxicity induced by doxorubicin (DOX) in rats. Polydatin could significantly increase the activity of SOD and the heart rate, attenuate myocardial pathological damage, decrease MDA content, slightly increase arterial pressure and GSH-Px activity, reduce intervals of QRS, QT and ST, and lower FFA content. The combination of polydatin and vitamin C could significantly increase arterial pressure and heart rate, decrease QRS interval and slightly reduce ST and QT intervals, significantly attenuate myocardial pathological damage, increase the activities of GSH-Px,T-SOD, Na(+) K(+) -ATPase and Ca(2+) Mg(2+) -ATPase, and elevate PCr and ATP contents, slightly increase ADP and TAN contents and PCr/ATP, and significantly decrease the contents of MDA and FFA, when compared with those in the DOX group...
November 28, 2016: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
Phi-Hung Nguyen, Hong Seok Choi, Thi Kim Quy Ha, Ji Yeon Seo, Jun-Li Yang, Da-Woon Jung, Darren R Williams, Won-Keun Oh
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activators are known to increase energy metabolism and to reduce body weight, as well as to improve glucose uptake. During for searching AMPK activators, a new anthraquinone, modasima A (10), along with eighteen known analogues (1-9 and 11-19) were isolated from an ethanol extract of the roots of Morinda longissima Y. Z. Ruan (Rubiaceae). Using the fluorescent tagged glucose analogues, 2-(N-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino)-2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-NBDG), insulin mimetics were screened with compounds 1-19 in 3T3-L1 adipocytes...
November 15, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Xiu Zhang, Dan Wu, Mohanad Aldarouish, Xiaodong Yin, Chunyan Li, Cailian Wang
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal malignancies of all types of cancer due to lack of early symptoms and its resistance to conventional therapy. In our previous study, we have shown that v‑ets erythroblastosis virus E26 oncogene homolog‑1 (ETS‑1) promote cell migration and invasion in pancreatic cancer cells. However, the function of ETS‑1 in regulation of glycolysis and autophagy during progression of pancreatic cancer has not been defined yet. In this study, we sought to identify the potential role for silencing ETS‑1 in reducing the expression of glucose transporter‑1 (GLUT‑1) to disturb glycolysis through alteration of 'Warburg effect', by which could result in AMP‑activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation, autophagy induction and reduction of cell viability...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Masayuki Morishita, Teruya Kawamoto, Hitomi Hara, Yasuo Onishi, Takeshi Ueha, Masaya Minoda, Etsuko Katayama, Toshiyuki Takemori, Naomasa Fukase, Masahiro Kurosaka, Ryosuke Kuroda, Toshihiro Akisue
The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activator 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide (AICAR) modulates cellular energy metabolism, and promotes mitochondrial proliferation and apoptosis. Previous studies have shown that AICAR has anticancer effects in various cancers, however the roles of AMPK and/or the effects of AICAR on osteosarcoma have not been reported. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of AICAR on tumor growth and mitochondrial apoptosis in human osteosarcoma both in vitro and in vivo...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Jin-Seung Choung, Young-Sun Lee, Hee-Sook Jun
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP1) has many anti-diabetic actions and also increases energy expenditure in vivo. Since skeletal muscle is a major organ controlling energy metabolism, we investigated whether GLP1 can affect energy metabolism in muscle. We found that treatment of differentiated C2C12 cells with Exendin-4 (Ex-4), a GLP1 receptor agonist, reduced oleate:palmitate-induced lipid accumulation and triglyceride content compared with cells without Ex-4 treatment. When we examined the oxygen consumption rate (OCR), not only the basal OCR but also the OCR induced by oleate:palmitate addition was significantly increased in Ex-4-treated differentiated C2C12 cells, and this was inhibited by Exendin-9, a GLP1 receptor antagonist...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
Tom Broeckx, Sander Hulsmans, Filip Rolland
The SnRK1 (SNF1-related kinase 1) kinases are the plant cellular fuel gauges, activated in response to energy-depleting stress conditions to maintain energy homeostasis while also gatekeeping important developmental transitions for optimal growth and survival. Similar to their opisthokont counterparts (animal AMP-activated kinase, AMPK, and yeast Sucrose Non-Fermenting 1, SNF), they function as heterotrimeric complexes with a catalytic (kinase) α subunit and regulatory β and γ subunits. Although the overall configuration of the kinase complexes is well conserved, plant-specific structural modifications (including a unique hybrid βγ subunit) and associated differences in regulation reflect evolutionary divergence in response to fundamentally different lifestyles...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Botany
Luís Almeida, Matthias Lochner, Luciana Berod, Tim Sparwasser
Recent advances in the field of immunometabolism support the concept that fundamental processes in T cell biology, such as TCR-mediated activation and T helper lineage differentiation, are closely linked to changes in the cellular metabolic programs. Although the major task of the intermediate metabolism is to provide the cell with a constant supply of energy and molecular precursors for the production of biomolecules, the dynamic regulation of metabolic pathways also plays an active role in shaping T cell responses...
November 4, 2016: Seminars in Immunology
Toshiyuki Imasawa, Emilie Obre, Nadège Bellance, Julie Lavie, Tomoko Imasawa, Claire Rigothier, Yahsou Delmas, Christian Combe, Didier Lacombe, Giovanni Benard, Stéphane Claverol, Marc Bonneu, Rodrigue Rossignol
Podocytes play a key role in diabetic nephropathy pathogenesis, but alteration of their metabolism remains unknown in human kidney. By using a conditionally differentiating human podocyte cell line, we addressed the functional and molecular changes in podocyte energetics during in vitro development or under high glucose conditions. In 5 mM glucose medium, we observed a stepwise activation of oxidative metabolism during cell differentiation that was characterized by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α)-dependent stimulation of mitochondrial biogenesis and function, with concomitant reduction of the glycolytic enzyme content...
October 17, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Tian Li, Shuai Jiang, Zhi Yang, Zhiqiang Ma, Wei Yi, Dongjin Wang, Yang Yang
5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a pivotal regulator of endogenous defensive molecules in various pathological processes. The AMPK signaling regulates a variety of intracellular intermedial molecules involved in biological reactions, including glycogen metabolism, protein synthesis, and cardiac fibrosis, in response to hypertrophic stimuli. Studies have revealed that the activation of AMPK performs a protective role in cardiovascular diseases, whereas its function in cardiac hypertrophy and cardiomyopathy remains elusive and poorly understood...
November 4, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Bobae Kim, Chang-Kee Hyun
It has recently been found that B cell activating factor (BAFF) plays an important role in the regulation of energy homeostasis. We also have previously reported that BAFF deficiency reverses high-fat (HF) diet-induced glucose intolerance by potentiating adipose tissue function. In the present study, we found that BAFF deficient (BAFF-/-) mice exhibit gender-specific differences in protection against diet-induced glucose intolerance, and aimed to characterize the gender-dependent molecular alterations in energy metabolism...
2016: PloS One
Martin Pelosse, Cécile Cottet-Rousselle, Alexei Grichine, Imre Berger, Uwe Schlattner
Maintenance of energy homeostasis is a basic requirement for cell survival. Different mechanisms have evolved to cope with spatial and temporal mismatch between energy-providing and -consuming processes. Among these, signaling by AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is one of the key players, regulated by and itself regulating cellular adenylate levels. Further understanding its complex cellular function requires deeper insight into its activation patterns in space and time at a single cell level. This may become possible with an increasing number of genetically encoded fluorescent biosensors, mostly based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer, which have been engineered to monitor metabolic parameters and kinase activities...
2016: EXS
Benoit Viollet, Marc Foretz
AMPK is an evolutionary conserved energy sensor involved in the regulation of energy metabolism. Based on biochemical studies, AMPK has brought much of interest in recent years due to its potential impact on metabolic disorders. Suitable animal models are therefore essential to promote our understanding of the molecular and functional roles of AMPK but also to bring novel information for the development of novel therapeutic strategies. The organism systems include pig (Sus scrofa), mouse (Mus musculus), fly (Drosophila melanogaster), worm (Caenorhabditis elegans), and fish (Danio rerio) models...
2016: EXS
Sarah E Sinnett, Jay E Brenman
In the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, mono-allelic expression of AMPK-α, -β, and -γ yields a single heterotrimeric energy sensor that regulates cellular and whole-body energetic homeostasis. The genetic simplicity of Drosophila, with only a single gene for each subunit, makes the fruit fly an appealing organism for elucidating the effects of AMPK mutations on signaling pathways and phenotypes. In addition, Drosophila presents researchers with an opportunity to use straightforward genetic approaches to elucidate metabolic signaling pathways that contain a level of complexity similar to that observed in mammalian pathways...
2016: EXS
Moloud Ahmadi, Richard Roy
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is one of the central regulators of cellular and organismal metabolism in eukaryotes. Once activated by decreased energy levels, it induces ATP production by promoting catabolic pathways while conserving ATP by inhibiting anabolic pathways. AMPK plays a crucial role in various aspects of cellular function such as regulating growth, reprogramming metabolism, autophagy, and cell polarity. In this chapter, we focus on how recent breakthroughs made using the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans have contributed to our understanding of AMPK function and how it can be utilized in the future to elucidate hitherto unknown aspects of AMPK signaling...
2016: EXS
Bruno Guigas, Benoit Viollet
The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is an evolutionary conserved and ubiquitously expressed serine/threonine kinase mainly acting as a key regulator of cellular energy homeostasis. AMPK is a heterotrimeric protein complex, consisting of a catalytic α subunit and two regulatory β and γ subunits, whose activity is tightly regulated by changes in adenine nucleotides and several posttranslational modifications. Once activated in response to energy deficit, AMPK concomitantly inhibits ATP-consuming anabolic processes and promotes ATP-generating catabolic pathways via direct phosphorylation of multiple downstream effectors, leading to restoration of cellular energy balance...
2016: EXS
Inês Mesquita, Diana Moreira, Belém Sampaio-Marques, Mireille Laforge, Anabela Cordeiro-da-Silva, Paula Ludovico, Jérôme Estaquier, Ricardo Silvestre
During host-pathogen interactions, a complex web of events is crucial for the outcome of infection. Pathogen recognition triggers powerful cellular signaling events that is translated into the induction and maintenance of innate and adaptive host immunity against infection. In opposition, pathogens employ active mechanisms to manipulate host cell regulatory pathways toward their proliferation and survival. Among these, subversion of host cell energy metabolism by pathogens is currently recognized to play an important role in microbial growth and persistence...
2016: EXS
Manon Domise, Valérie Vingtdeux
Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis are neurodegenerative disorders that are characterized by a progressive degeneration of nerve cells eventually leading to dementia. While these diseases affect different neuronal populations and present distinct clinical features, they share in common several features and signaling pathways. In particular, energy metabolism defects, oxidative stress, and excitotoxicity are commonly described and might be correlated with AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) deregulation...
2016: EXS
Pedro Bullon, Fabiola Marin-Aguilar, Lourdes Roman-Malo
The obtaining of nutrients is the most important task in our lives. Energy is central to life's evolutions; this was one of the aspect that induced the selection of the more adaptable and more energetically profitable species. Nowadays things have changed in our modern society. A high proportion of people has access to plenty amount of food and the obesity appear as one of the pathological characteristics of our society. Energy is obtained essentially in the mitochondria with the transfer of protons across the inner membrane that produce ATP...
2016: EXS
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