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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723958/can-single-molecule-localization-microscopy-be-used-to-map-closely-spaced-rgd-nanodomains
#1
Mahdie Mollazade, Thibault Tabarin, Philip R Nicovich, Alexander Soeriyadi, Daniel J Nieves, J Justin Gooding, Katharina Gaus
Cells sense and respond to nanoscale variations in the distribution of ligands to adhesion receptors. This makes single molecule localization microscopy (SMLM) an attractive tool to map the distribution of ligands on nanopatterned surfaces. We explore the use of SMLM spatial cluster analysis to detect nanodomains of the cell adhesion-stimulating tripeptide arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD). These domains were formed by the phase separation of block copolymers with controllable spacing on the scale of tens of nanometers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713368/the-sptransformer-gene-family-formerly-sp185-333-in-the-purple-sea-urchin-and-the-functional-diversity-of-the-anti-pathogen-rsptransformer-e1-protein
#2
REVIEW
L Courtney Smith, Cheng Man Lun
The complex innate immune system of sea urchins is underpinned by several multigene families including the SpTransformer family (SpTrf; formerly Sp185/333) with estimates of ~50 members, although the family size is likely variable among individuals of Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. The genes are small with similar structure, are tightly clustered, and have several types of repeats in the second of two exons and that surround each gene. The density of repeats suggests that the genes are positioned within regions of genomic instability, which may be required to drive sequence diversification...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712291/programming-cell-adhesion-for-on-chip-sequential-boolean-logic-functions
#3
Xiangmeng Qu, Shaopeng Wang, Zhilei Ge, Jianbang Wang, Guangbao Yao, Jiang Li, Xiaolei Zuo, Jiye Shi, Shiping Song, Lihua Wang, Li Li, Hao Pei, Chunhai Fan
Programmable remodelling of cell surfaces enables high-precision regulation of cell behavior. In this work, we developed in-vitro constructed DNA-based chemical reaction networks (CRNs) to program on-chip cell adhesion. We found that the RGD-functionalized DNA CRNs are entirely non-invasive when interfaced with the fluidic mosaic membrane of living cells. DNA toehold with different lengths could tunably alter the release kinetics of cells, which shows rapid release in minutes with the use of a 6-base toehold...
July 17, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700237/rgd-modified-albumin-nanoconjugates-for-targeted-delivery-of-a-porphyrin-photosensitizer
#4
Fang Li, Yan Zhao, Chengqiong Mao, Yi Kong, Xin Ming
Advances in photodynamic therapy of cancer have been restrained by lack of cancer specificity and side effects to normal tissues. Molecularly targeted photodynamic therapy can achieve higher cancer specificity by combination of active cancer targeting and localized laser activation. We aimed to use albumin as a carrier to prepare targeted nanoconjugates that are selective to cancer cells and smaller than conventional nanoparticles for superior tumor penetration. IRDye® 700DX (IR700), a porphyrin photosensitizer, was covalently conjugated to human serum albumin that was also linked with tumor-targeting RGD peptides...
July 12, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698571/injectable-hybrid-system-for-strontium-local-delivery-promotes-bone-regeneration-in-a-rat-critical-sized-defect-model
#5
Ana Henriques Lourenço, Nuno Neves, Cláudia Ribeiro-Machado, Susana R Sousa, Meriem Lamghari, Cristina C Barrias, Abel Trigo Cabral, Mário A Barbosa, Cristina C Ribeiro
Strontium (Sr) has been described as having beneficial influence in bone strength and architecture. However, negative systemic effects have been reported on oral administration of Sr ranelate, leading to strict restrictions in clinical application. We hypothesized that local delivery of Sr improves osteogenesis without eliciting detrimental side effects. Therefore, the in vivo response to an injectable Sr-hybrid system composed of RGD-alginate hydrogel cross-linked in situ with Sr and reinforced with Sr-doped hydroxyapatite microspheres, was investigated...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698469/potential-of-integrin-inhibitors-for-treating-ovarian-cancer-a-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Masaki Kobayashi, Kenjiro Sawada, Tadashi Kimura
Epithelial ovarian cancer is a fatal disease, with a cure rate of only 30%. Several recent studies have targeted integrins for cancer treatment. Preclinical studies have shown the effectiveness of several integrin inhibitors for blocking cancer progression, especially by blocking angiogenesis. Because the initial critical step in ovarian cancer metastasis is the attachment of cancer cells to the peritoneum or omentum and because clinical trials have provided positive results for anti-angiogenic therapy, therapies targeting integrins may be the most feasible approach for treating cancer...
July 8, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695371/binding-of-%C3%AE-v%C3%AE-3-integrin-specific-radiotracers-is-modulated-by-both-integrin-expression-level-and-activation-status
#7
Alexandra Andriu, Julie Crockett, Sergio Dall'Angelo, Monica Piras, Matteo Zanda, Ian N Fleming
PURPOSE: Molecular imaging of αvβ3 integrin has exhibited real potential to guide the appropriate use of anti-angiogenic therapies. However, an incomplete understanding of the factors that influence binding of αvβ3 integrin-specific radiotracers currently limits their use for assessing response to therapy in cancer patients. This study identifies two fundamental factors that modulate uptake of these radiotracers. Procedures Experiments were performed in prostate cancer (PC3) and glioblastoma (U87MG) cells, which differentially express αvβ3 integrin...
July 10, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681981/ros-responsive-polyprodrug-nanoparticles-for-triggered-drug-delivery-and-effective-cancer-therapy
#8
Xiaoding Xu, Phei Er Saw, Wei Tao, Yujing Li, Xiaoyuan Ji, Sushant Bhasin, Yanlan Liu, Dana Ayyash, Jonathan Rasmussen, Marc Huo, Jinjun Shi, Omid C Farokhzad
The application of nanoparticles (NPs) to drug delivery has led to the development of novel nanotherapeutics for the treatment of various diseases including cancer. However, clinical use of NP-mediated drug delivery has not always translated into improved survival of cancer patients, in part due to the suboptimal properties of NP platforms, such as premature drug leakage during preparation, storage, or blood circulation, lack of active targeting to tumor tissue and cells, and poor tissue penetration. Herein, an innovative reactive oxygen species (ROS)-responsive polyprodrug is reported that can self-assemble into stable NPs with high drug loading...
July 6, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681701/radiochemical-evaluation-and-in-vitro-assessment-of-the-targeting-ability-of-a-novel-99mtc-hynic-rgd-for-u87mg-human-brain-cancer-cells
#9
Hanieh Karimi, Nourollah Sadeghzadeh, Saeid Abediankenari, Farzaneh Rezazadeh, Fereshteh Hallajian
BACKGROUND: Labeled RGD peptide that specifically targets ανβ3 integrin has great potential for the early diagnosis of malignant tumors. αvβ3 integrin receptors appear specifically more on the surface of glioblastoma (malignant glioma) cells rather than normal cells. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify a novel RGD that can be radiolabeled with 99mTc with in vitro assessment of its targeting ability for U87MG human brain cancer cells. METHOD: Novel RGD was designed by Amino Acid retro-inversion technique...
July 6, 2017: Current Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673056/resveratrol-loaded-albumin-nanoparticles-with-prolonged-blood-circulation-and-improved-biocompatibility-for-highly-effective-targeted-pancreatic-tumor-therapy
#10
Tao Geng, Xia Zhao, Meng Ma, Gang Zhu, Ling Yin
Human serum albumin (HSA) is an intrinsic protein and important carrier that transports endogenous as well as exogenous substances across cell membranes. Herein, we have designed and prepared resveratrol (RV)-loaded HSA nanoparticles conjugating RGD (arginine-glycine-aspartate) via a polyethylene glycol (PEG) "bridge" (HRP-RGD NPs) for highly effective targeted pancreatic tumor therapy. HRP-RGD NPs possess an average size of 120 ± 2.6 nm with a narrow distribution, a homodisperse spherical shape, a RV encapsulation efficiency of 62...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667352/endothelium-derived-fibronectin-regulates-neonatal-vascular-morphogenesis-in-an-autocrine-fashion
#11
Christopher J Turner, Kwabena Badu-Nkansah, Richard O Hynes
Fibronectin containing alternatively spliced EIIIA and EIIIB domains is largely absent from mature quiescent vessels in adults, but is highly expressed around blood vessels during developmental and pathological angiogenesis. The precise functions of fibronectin and its splice variants during developmental angiogenesis however remain unclear due to the presence of cardiac, somitic, mesodermal and neural defects in existing global fibronectin KO mouse models. Using a rare family of surviving EIIIA EIIIB double KO mice, as well as inducible endothelial-specific fibronectin-deficient mutant mice, we show that vascular development in the neonatal retina is regulated in an autocrine manner by endothelium-derived fibronectin, and requires both EIIIA and EIIIB domains and the RGD-binding α5 and αv integrins for its function...
June 30, 2017: Angiogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658579/connecting-protein-conformation-and-dynamics-with-ligand-receptor-binding-using-three-color-f%C3%A3-rster-resonance-energy-transfer-tracking
#12
Mark Kastantin, David Faulón Marruecos, Navdeep Grover, Sean Yu McLoughlin, Daniel K Schwartz, Joel L Kaar
Specific binding between biomolecules, i.e., molecular recognition, controls virtually all biological processes including the interactions between cells and biointerfaces, both natural and synthetic. Such binding often relies on the conformation of biomacromolecules, which can be highly heterogeneous and sensitive to environmental perturbations, and therefore difficult to characterize and control. An approach is demonstrated here that directly connects the binding kinetics and stability of the protein receptor integrin αvβ3 to the conformation of the ligand fibronectin (FN), which are believed to control cellular mechanosensing...
July 12, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653139/spreading-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells-on-chitosan-scaffolds-immobilized-with-rgd-or-fibronectin
#13
Farzin Asghari Sana, Merve Çapkın Yurtsever, Gökçe Kaynak Bayrak, Ekin Özge Tunçay, Arlin S Kiremitçi, Menemşe Gümüşderelioğlu
Nowadays, human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) became more attractive for therapeutic purposes because of their high proliferation and differentiation potential. Thus, coupling the desired cellular characteristics of hDPSCs with good biomaterial properties of the chitosan scaffolds provide an interesting approach for tissue engineering applications. On the other hand, scaffold surface modification is also needed to promote stem cell adhesion since chitosan lacks adhesion motifs to support direct cell anchorage...
June 26, 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652358/targeting-cancer-cell-integrins-using-gold-nanorods-in-photothermal-therapy-inhibits-migration-through-affecting-cytoskeletal-proteins
#14
Moustafa R K Ali, Yue Wu, Yan Tang, Haopeng Xiao, Kuangcai Chen, Tiegang Han, Ning Fang, Ronghu Wu, Mostafa A El-Sayed
Metastasis is responsible for most cancer-related deaths, but the current clinical treatments are not effective. Recently, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were discovered to inhibit cancer cell migration and prevent metastasis. Rationally designed AuNPs could greatly benefit their antimigration property, but the molecular mechanisms need to be explored. Cytoskeletons are cell structural proteins that closely relate to migration, and surface receptor integrins play critical roles in controlling the organization of cytoskeletons...
July 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643235/design-and-evaluation-of-rgd-modified-gemini-surfactant-based-lipoplexes-for-targeted-gene-therapy-in-melanoma-model
#15
Waleed Mohammed-Saeid, Jackson Chitanda, Mays Al-Dulaymi, Ronald Verrall, Ildiko Badea
PURPOSE: We have developed and evaluated novel peptide-targeted gemini surfactant-based lipoplexes designed for melanoma gene therapy. METHODS: Integrin receptor targeting peptide, cyclic-arginylglycylaspartic acid (cRGD), was either chemically coupled to a gemini surfactant backbone or physically co-formulated with lipoplexes. Several formulations and transfection techniques were developed. Transfection efficiency and cellular toxicity of the lipoplexes were evaluated in an in vitro human melanoma model...
June 22, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637399/biomineralized-recombinant-collagen-based-scaffold-mimicking-native-bone-enhances-mesenchymal-stem-cell-interaction-and-differentiation
#16
Gloria Belén Ramirez-Rodríguez, Monica Montesi, Silvia Panseri, Simone Sprio, Anna Tampieri, Monica Sandri
The need of synthetic bone grafts that recreate from macro to nanoscale level the biochemical and biophysical cues of bone extracellular matrix (ECM) has been a major driving force for the development of new generation of biomaterials. In this study, synthetic bone substitutes have been synthesized via biomimetic mineralization of a recombinant collagen type I derived peptide (RCP), enriched in tri-amino acid sequence arginine-glycine-aspartate (RGD). 3D isotropic porous scaffolds of three different compositions are developed by freeze-drying: non-mineralized (RCP, as a control), mineralized (Ap/RCP) and mineralized scaffolds in presence of magnesium (MgAp/RCP) that closely imitate bone composition...
June 22, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632139/peptide-functionalized-gold-nanoparticles-the-influence-of-ph-on-binding-efficiency
#17
Emma Harrison, Jeremy W J Hamilton, Manuel Macias-Montero, Dorian Dixon
We report herein on the synthesis of mixed monolayer gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) capped with both polyethylene glycol (PEG) and one of three peptides. Either a receptor-mediated endocytosis peptide, an endosomal escape pathway (H5WYG) peptide or the Nrp-1 targeting RGD peptide (CRGDK) labeled with FITC. All three peptides have a thiol containing cysteine residue which can be used to bind the peptides to the AuNPs. In order to investigate the influence of pH on peptide attachment, PEGylated AuNPs were centrifuged, the supernatant removed, and the nanoparticles were then re-suspended in a range of pH buffer solutions above, below and at the respective isoelectric points of the peptides before co-functionalization...
June 20, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629432/imaging-of-%C3%AE-v%C3%AE-3-integrin-expression-in-experimental-myocardial-ischemia-with-68-ga-nodaga-rgd-positron-emission-tomography
#18
Maria Grönman, Miikka Tarkia, Tuomas Kiviniemi, Paavo Halonen, Antti Kuivanen, Timo Savunen, Tuula Tolvanen, Jarmo Teuho, Meeri Käkelä, Olli Metsälä, Mikko Pietilä, Pekka Saukko, Seppo Ylä-Herttuala, Juhani Knuuti, Anne Roivainen, Antti Saraste
BACKGROUND: Radiolabeled RGD peptides detect αvβ3 integrin expression associated with angiogenesis and extracellular matrix remodeling after myocardial infarction. We studied whether cardiac positron emission tomography (PET) with [(68)Ga]NODAGA-RGD detects increased αvβ3 integrin expression after induction of flow-limiting coronary stenosis in pigs, and whether αvβ3 integrin is expressed in viable ischemic or injured myocardium. METHODS: We studied 8 Finnish landrace pigs 13 ± 4 days after percutaneous implantation of a bottleneck stent in the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626568/dual-targeted-peptide-conjugated-multifunctional-fluorescent-probe-with-aiegen-for-efficient-nucleus-specific-imaging-and-long-term-tracing-of-cancer-cells
#19
Yong Cheng, Chunli Sun, Xiaowen Ou, Bifeng Liu, Xiaoding Lou, Fan Xia
Precisely targeted transportation of a long-term tracing regent to a nucleus with low toxicity is one of the most challenging concerns in revealing cancer cell behaviors. Here, we report a dual-targeted peptide-conjugated multifunctional fluorescent probe (cNGR-CPP-NLS-RGD-PyTPE, TCNTP) with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) characteristic, for efficient nucleus-specific imaging and long-term and low-toxicity tracing of cancer cells. TCNTP mainly consists of two components: one is a functionalized combinatorial peptide (TCNT) containing two targeted peptides (cNGR and RGD), a cell-penetrating peptide (CPP) and a nuclear localization signal (NLS), which can specifically bind to a cell surface and effectively enter into the nucleus; the other one is an AIE-active tetraphenylethene derivative (PyTPE, a typical AIEgen) as fluorescence imaging reagent...
June 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620939/engineering-novel-targeted-boron-10-enriched-theranostic-nanomedicine-to-combat-against-murine-brain-tumors-via-mr-imaging-guided-boron-neutron-capture-therapy
#20
Naresh Kuthala, Raviraj Vankayala, Yi-Nan Li, Chi-Shiun Chiang, Kuo Chu Hwang
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a very common type of "incurable" malignant brain tumor. Although many treatment options are currently available, most of them eventually fail due to its recurrence. Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) emerges as an alternative noninvasive therapeutic treatment modality. The major challenge in treating GBMs using BNCT is to achieve selective imaging, targeting, and sufficient accumulation of boron-containing drug at the tumor site so that effective destruction of tumor cells can be achieved without harming the normal brain cells...
June 16, 2017: Advanced Materials
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