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Pericardial effusion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350116/-upper-abdominal-pain-after-an-elective-aortic-valve-replacement
#1
R M A van der Boon, M E Emans, S K Zoet
A 69-year-old man came to our emergency department with nausea, vomiting and upper abdominal pain under the suspicion of an ileus. Four weeks before he had had an elective aortic valve replacement. The basal thoracic slides of the abdominal CT-scan revealed a significant amount of pericardial effusion, after which the patient was referred for emergency cardiac surgery. Abdominal complaints are rarely the primary symptoms of severe heart failure.
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349900/primary-cardiac-angiosarcoma-a-case-report
#2
Nóra Ambrus, Kálmán Havasi, Anita Kalapos, László Sághy, Attila Makai, Gábor Bogáts, Zoltán Hegedűs, Béla Iványi, Zsuzsanna Besenyi, Zsuzsanna Pápai, László Nagy, Tamás Forster, Attila Nemes
Cardiac angiosarcomas are the most common primary malignant cardiac tumors in adults. The diagnosis is often delayed due to nonspecific clinical symptoms at presentation. The cornerstones of diagnosis are echocardiography and the histological evaluation of the cardiac biopsy. The knowledge on the treatment is limited; the outcomes of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, complete surgical removal, and heart transplantation are controversial. We report a 38-year-old woman with a primary heart tumor which infiltrated the right atrial wall and the pericardium and caused pericardial effusion...
January 19, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348421/patients-over-40-years-old-with-precursor-t-cell-lymphoblastic-lymphoma-have-different-prognostic-factors-comparing-to-the-youngers
#3
Meng Dong, Xudong Zhang, Zhenzhen Yang, Shaoxuan Wu, Mijing Ma, Zhaoming Li, Yu Chang, Xinhua Wang, Ling Li, Xin Li, Mingzhi Zhang, Qingjiang Chen
This study aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of patients, divided into over 40-year-old group or not, with precursor T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (Pre-T-LBL). Based on the retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 59 patients with Pre-T-LBL during the period from December 2010 to December 2015, albumin level, anemia, pleural or pericardial effusion, protocol, therapy response, mediastinal mass, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and international prognostic index (IPI) or age-adjusted international prognostic index (aaIPI) were summarized...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347961/relevant-pericardial-effusion-caused-by-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-a-case-report
#4
Tabea Hutter, Dirk Springe, Lukas Ebnöther, Marcos Delgado
BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus infection is known to cause symptomatic disease in immunocompromised patients, while an infection in immunocompetent individuals normally causes few or no symptoms. We present the case of an immunocompetent adult patient with unexpected severe evolution. CASE PRESENTATION: An otherwise healthy, 72-year-old Caucasian woman presented with complaints of progressive shoulder pain and dyspnoea on exertion. The blood test results showed elevated inflammation parameters and elevated hepatic transaminase levels...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344261/t-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-lymphoma-complicated-with-myeloid-sarcoma-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#5
Ying Wang, Shupeng Wen, Zhiyun Niu, Lina Xing, Fuxu Wang, Xuejun Zhang
The present case report describes a rare case of T cell acute lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) in the lymph node with myeloid sarcoma in the pericardium. A 33-year-old Chinese male was admitted to hospital on 4 July 2015 exhibiting a fever and having experienced wheezing and fatigue for the previous 7 days. Routine pathological, computed tomographic, cytological and immunophenotypic observations revealed a diagnosis of T-LBL in the lymph node on 7 August 2015, without evidence of bone marrow (BM) involvement...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341061/pericardial-effusion-unrelated-to-surgery-is-a-predictor-of-mortality-in-heart-transplant-patients
#6
Simon F Stämpfli, Tardu Özkartal, Niels Hagenbuch, Stephan Bernhart, Andreas J Flammer, Alessandra Vecchiati, Georg M Fröhlich, Frank Ruschitzka, Leonhard Held, Felix C Tanner
BACKGROUND: Hemodynamically irrelevant pericardial effusion (PeEf) is a predictor of adverse outcome in heart failure patients. The clinical relevance of a PeEf unrelated to surgery in heart transplant patients remains unknown. This study assesses the prognostic value of PeEf occurring later than one year after transplantation. METHODS: All patients undergoing heart transplantation in Zurich between 1989 and 2012 were screened. Cox proportional hazard models were used to analyse mortality (primary) and hospitalization (secondary endpoint)...
January 17, 2018: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338379/factors-affecting-survival-in-children-with-pericardial-effusion-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#7
Tang-Her Jaing, Shih-Hsiang Chen, Yu-Chuan Wen, Tsung-Yen Chang, Dai-Yun Tsai, Hung-Tao Chung, Pei-Kwei Tsay
The objective of this study was to determine the incidence, risk factors, outcome, and clinical significance of pericardial effusion (PE). We retrospectively analyzed outcomes of 272 pediatric patients undergoing their first hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from 1998 to 2016. In total, 15% (3/20) and 5.9% (15/252) of autologous and allogeneic HSCT recipients, respectively, were identified with PE. However, there was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of PE between the 2 groups...
November 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338301/coronary-artery-perforation-complicating-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#8
Aram J Mirza, Abdulsalam Y Taha, Jaafar S Aldoori, Jawad M Hawas, Kawa W Hassan
Background Coronary artery perforation is a rare but serious complication of percutaneous coronary interventions. We aimed to evaluate the management of coronary artery perforation in Sulaimaniyah, Iraq. Methods A retrospective review of our medical records from 2009 to 2016 identified 24 patients (15 males, 9 females) with coronary artery perforation. Mean age was 60 ± 9.2 years (range 40-74 years). Standard diagnostic angiography or percutaneous interventions were performed. Coronary artery perforation was diagnosed by worsening of symptoms, hypotension, or angiographic evidence of type I (extraluminal crater), II (myocardial or pericardial blushing), or III (contrast streaming or cavity spilling) perforation...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334903/a-rare-case-of-pericarditis-and-pleural-empyema-secondary-to-transdiaphragmatic-extension-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess
#9
Eunae Cho, Sang Woo Park, Chung Hwan Jun, Sang Soo Shin, Eun Kyu Park, Kyo Seon Lee, Seon Young Park, Chang Hwan Park, Hyun Soo Kim, Sung Kyu Choi, Jong Sun Rew
BACKGROUND: Transdiaphragmatic extension of pyogenic liver abscess is the rarest cause of pericarditis and pleural empyema. It is a rapidly progressive and highly lethal infection with mortality rates reaching 100% if left untreated. However, the transmission route, treatment methods and prognosis have not been well studied. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old male patient presented with a fever, dyspnea, and right upper quadrant abdominal pain. Computed tomography of the chest and abdomen showed huge liver abscess without full liquefaction in the left lobe, large amount of left pleural effusion, and mild pericardial effusion, and the patient was treated with parenteral antibiotics and pigtail insertion at the left pleura...
January 15, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333225/a-rare-cause-of-pericardial-effusion-and-ascites-poems-syndrome
#10
Bilal Katipoglu, Zeynep Katipoğlu, Ihsan Ates, Gokhan Yirgin, Burak Furkan Demir, Fatih Acehan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Hematology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326779/tacrolimus-as-a-rare-cause-of-pericardial-effusion-in-a-renal-transplant-recipient
#11
Rohini Prashar, Diana Stewart, Ankush Moza
Pericardial effusion in a renal transplant recipient represents a diagnostic conundrum with a variety of differential diagnoses. Immunosuppressive medications such as sirolimus have been linked to pericardial effusions in the reported literature. Tacrolimus has been reported to be associated with pleural effusions and ascites. We present a case of a patient with tacrolimus as the likely cause of a recurrent pericardial effusion.
October 2017: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322942/purulent-pericarditis-an-unusual-complication-of-pneumococcal-pneumonia-a-case-report
#12
Ghizlane Zoulati, Ramatou Yèya Maïga, Rachid Kerzaz, Ghita Yahyaoui, Mustapha Harandou, Mustapha Mahmoud
Purulent pericarditis has become rare since the advent of antibiotics. Among the involved germs, S. pneumoniae remains the most implicated pathogen to evoke in principle, especially that prescription of systematic antibiotics for any febrile condition can considerably mask the clinical picture. A 36-year-old pregnant woman was visiting the emergency department for dyspnea and flu-like syndrom that had been going on for a week. The chest X-ray showed a white lung on the left and the transthoracic ultrasound revealed a pericardial effusion, resulting in pericardial drainage and pleural puncture that allows the evacuation of a purulent fluid...
January 11, 2018: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322712/a-cross-sectional-study-of-cardiovascular-involvement-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-an-urban-indian-tertiary-care-centre-with-emphasis-on-2-d-echocardiography
#13
Seema Kini, Chetan Vekhande, Vikram Londhey
Background: Cardiovascular manifestations are responsible for considerable morbidity and mortality in patients with SLE. A wide range of manifestations due to active lupus, like pericarditis, valvular affection, myocarditis, and less commonly pulmonary hypertension, are described. This study was undertaken to study cardiovascular manifestations in SLE, with a focus on echocardiography findings, in an urban Indian setting. Methodology: Fifty consecutive cases of SLE following up in the Rheumatology Clinic of TNMC and BYL Nair Charitable hospital, an Indian tertiary care hospital were studied...
November 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320914/early-treatment-of-intrapericardial-teratoma-a-case-presentation-and-systematic-literature-review
#14
Candice Torres de Melo Bezerra Cavalcante, Valdester Cavalcante Pinto Júnior, Ronald Guedes Pompeu, João Victor Cabral Correia Férrer, Marcelo Borges Cavalcante, Edward Araujo Júnior, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Klebia Magalhães Castello Branco
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of an early treatment of cardiac intraperitoneal teratoma (IPT) in a newborn and its associated systematic literature review. METHODS: We presented a case of a newborn with IPT but without hydrops and having a good perinatal outcome after cardiac surgery. Using the PubMed database, we conducted a systematic literature review of articles regarding cases with cardiac IPT diagnosed and treated in the neonatal period and published in English from 2004 onward...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316368/rash-fever-and-pulmonary-hypertension-in-a-6-year-old-female
#15
David Buchbinder, Gina A Montealegre Sanchez, Raphaela Goldbach-Mansky, Hermine Brunner, Andrew I Shulman
A previously healthy 2-year-old Guatemalan female with an undiagnosed chronic illness characterized by fever and rash had presented with anorexia, weight loss, periorbital edema, abdominal pain and distention. A chest radiograph documented cardiomegaly. An echocardiogram demonstrated a pericardial effusion, dilated right atrium, right ventricle, and main pulmonary artery as well as diminished right ventricular systolic function and pulmonary hypertension. Right ventricular systolic pressure was estimated at 90 mmHg...
January 5, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313819/real-world-safety-and-efficacy-of-watchman-laa-closure-at-one-year-in-patients-on-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-results-of-the-dapt-subgroup-from-the-ewolution-all-comers-study
#16
Martin W Bergmann, Hüseyin Ince, Stephan Kische, Thomas Schmitz, Felix Meincke, Boris Schmidt, David Foley, Timothy R Betts, Marek Grygier, Alexey V Protopopov, Kenneth M Stein, Lucas V A Boersma
AIMS: The study aims to confirm efficacy and safety of WATCHMAN LAA closure in AF patients unsuitable for oral anticoagulation. METHODS AND RESULTS: The EWOLUTION registry prospectively collects all clinical data on 1005 European patients implanted with a WATCHMAN device. Following the procedure, 605 patients (60.2%) received dual antiplatelet therapy according to the local standard; DAPT was discontinued in 85% of pts within 1 year. CHA2DS2-VASc and HAS-BLED scores were 4...
January 9, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310365/ebv-lymphoproliferative-associated-disease-and-primary-cardiac-t-cell-lymphoma-in-a-stk4-deficient-patient-a-case-report
#17
Roya Sherkat, Mohammad Reza Sabri, Bahar Dehghan, Hamid Bigdelian, Nahid Reisi, Nooshin Afsharmoghadam, Hamid Rahimi, Narges Rahmanian, Cristoph Klein
RATIONALE: Primary cardiac lymphoma (PLC) is an extremely uncommon malignancy. PCL is more common in secondary immunodeficient patients. In this report, we describe a unique case of PLC who had been diagnosed as a STK4 deficient patient. This case is the first Primary immunodeficiency (PID) patient developing PCL in the world. PATIENT CONCERNS: An eleven-year-old girl, a known case of PID, was referred to the pediatric cardiology department because of chest pain and dyspnea...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308760/-diagnostic-value-of-dynamic-extended-focused-assessment-with-sonography-for-trauma-in-patients-with-multiple-trauma
#18
Yongsong Xu, Runze Wang, Mengmeng Zhu, Xuexue Li, Xiaodong Pan, Tong Ni, Shusheng Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic value of dynamic-extended focused assessment with sonography for trauma (D-EFAST) in patients with multiple trauma in intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: A prospective clinical study was conducted. Eighty patients with multiple trauma admitted to ICU of Anhui Provincial Hospital from September 1st, 2014 to December 31st, 2016 were enrolled. Extended focused assessment with sonography for trauma (E-FAST) check was conducted at first, for those who had positive findings diagnosis was confirmed by immediately CT examination or surgical exploration...
January 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300989/importance-of-accurately-locating-the-entry-site-for-endovascular-treatment-of-retrograde-type-a-acute-aortic-dissection
#19
Paul P Urbanski, Ayman Sodah, Anna Matveeva, Vadim Irimie, Matthias Wagner, Arzou Agaev, Rainer Schmitt
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic possibilities of accurately locating the entry site in acute retrograde Type A aortic dissection and the results of the corresponding endovascular treatments. METHODS: Among 100 patients who underwent surgery for the treatment of spontaneous acute Type A aortic dissection between 2012 and June 2017, all but 1 patient had preoperative computed tomographic angiography. A total of 8 retrograde extensions originated from the descending aorta, in which 6 of them were diagnosed correctly using radiological imaging...
January 2, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300912/characteristics-of-cellular-composition-in-malignant-pericardial-effusion-and-its-association-with-the-clinical-course-of-carcinomatous-pericarditis
#20
Takuya Oyakawa, Nao Muraoka, Kei Iida, Masatoshi Kusuhara, Tateaki Naito, Katsuhiro Omae
To date, the cellular composition of malignant pericardial effusion (MPE) and its association with the clinical course of carcinomatous pericarditis remain unclear. We aimed to determine the MPE cellular composition and its association with carcinomatous pericarditis. Forty-four cases indicated for pericardial drainage due to symptomatic carcinomatous pericarditis were retrospectively reviewed; the blood cell count and composition of MPE were examined. The most dominant cells in MPE were neutrophils. The appearance ratio of an atypical cell in cytologically positive MPE was 95...
December 29, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
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