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Posttraumatic osteoarthritis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918664/outcomes-of-surface-replacement-proximal-interphalangeal-joint-arthroplasty-using-the-self-locking-finger-joint-implant-minimum-two-years-follow-up
#1
Issei Komatsu, Yoshiya Arishima, Hirotomo Shibahashi, Toshihito Yamaguchi, Yoshitaka Minamikawa
BACKGROUND: The Self Locking Finger Joint (SLFJ) implant is a new type of surface replacement implant. The purpose of this study was to evaluate midterm clinical outcomes of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) arthroplasty with the SLFJ implant. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 26 PIP joint arthroplasties using the SLFJ implant in 17 patients with osteoarthritis or posttraumatic osteoarthritis. Preoperative and postoperative range of motion, grip strength and key pinch, radiographic findings, and complications were evaluated...
September 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891711/time-dependent-effects-on-synovial-fluid-composition-during-the-acute-phase-of-human-intra-articular-ankle-fracture
#2
Samuel B Adams, Rachel M Reilly, Janet L Huebner, Virginia B Kraus, Dana L Nettles
BACKGROUND: The study objective was to examine the effect of time and fracture severity on the undiluted synovial fluid (SF) microenvironment during the acute phase following intra-articular fracture (IAF) of the human ankle. METHODS: Ankle SF from 54 patients with an acute IAF was analyzed for concentrations of 10 cytokines, 5 matrix metalloproteinases, 2 products of cartilage catabolism, and combined products of heme metabolism. All analytes were correlated with time from fracture and further analyzed for an effect of 3 time subgroups (0-2 days, 3-9 days, and ≥10 days) corresponding to timepoints for clinical ankle fracture interventions...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875154/structural-and-anatomic-restoration-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-is-associated-with-less-cartilage-damage-1-year-after-surgery-healing-ligament-properties-affect-cartilage-damage
#3
Ata M Kiapour, Braden C Fleming, Martha M Murray
BACKGROUND: Abnormal joint motion has been linked to joint arthrosis after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. However, the relationships between the graft properties (ie, structural and anatomic) and extent of posttraumatic osteoarthritis are not well defined. HYPOTHESES: (1) The structural (tensile) and anatomic (area and alignment) properties of the reconstructed graft or repaired ACL correlate with the total cartilage lesion area 1 year after ACL surgery, and (2) side-to-side differences in anterior-posterior (AP) knee laxity correlate with the total cartilage lesion area 1 year postoperatively...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869061/implant-arthroplasty-for-proximal-interphalangeal-metacarpophalangeal-and-trapeziometacarpal-joint-degeneration
#4
REVIEW
Jason J Srnec, Eric R Wagner, Marco Rizzo
Arthritis of the hand can result from inflammatory arthritis, osteoarthritis (OA), or be posttraumatic and can cause pain and debilitation. Arthroplasty serves as 1 surgical option in the surgical management of arthritis and aims to create a pain-free joint with preservation of motion. Although implant arthroplasty of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP), metacarpophalangeal (MCP), and trapeziometacarpal (TMC) joints predictably produce pain relief and high satisfaction, it has historically suffered from high rates of complications...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840151/epidemiology-of-navicular-injury-at-the-nfl-combine-and-their-impact-on-an-athlete-s-prospective-nfl-career
#5
Bryan Vopat, Brendin R Beaulieu-Jones, Gregory Waryasz, Kevin J McHale, George Sanchez, Catherine A Logan, James M Whalen, Christopher W DiGiovanni, Matthew T Provencher
BACKGROUND: Navicular injuries can result in persistent pain, posttraumatic osteoarthritis, and diminished performance and function. PURPOSE: To determine the epidemiology of navicular fracture in players participating in the National Football League (NFL) Scouting Combine and evaluate the impact of a navicular injury on the NFL draft position and NFL game play compared with matched controls. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804219/damps-synergize-with-cytokines-or-fibronectin-fragment-on-inducing-chondrolysis-but-lose-effect-when-acting-alone
#6
Lei Ding, Joseph A Buckwalter, James A Martin
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: To investigate whether endogenous damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) or alarmins originated from mitochondria or nucleus stimulates inflammatory response in articular chondrocytes to cause chondrolysis which leads to cartilage degradation featured in posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). MATERIALS: Primary cultures of bovine or human chondrocytes isolated from cartilage of weight-bearing joints. TREATMENT: Chondrocytes were subjected to mitochondrial DAMPs (MTDs) or HMGB1, a nuclear DAMP (NuD), with or without the presence of an N-terminal 29 kDa fibronectin fragment (Fn-f) or proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1β and TNF-α)...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801209/compromised-autophagy-precedes-meniscus-degeneration-and-cartilage-damage-in-mice
#7
J K Meckes, B Caramés, M Olmer, W B Kiosses, S P Grogan, M K Lotz, D D D'Lima
OBJECTIVE: Autophagy is a cellular homeostasis mechanism that facilitates normal cell function and survival. Objectives of this study were to determine associations between autophagic responses with meniscus injury, joint aging, and osteoarthritis (OA), and to establish the temporal relationship with structural changes in menisci and cartilage. METHODS: Constitutive activation of autophagy during aging was measured in GFP-LC3 transgenic reporter mice between 6 and 30 months...
August 8, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795210/-arthrodesis-of-the-trapeziometacarpal-joint
#8
REVIEW
T Pillukat, M Mühldorfer-Fodor, R Fuhrmann, J Windolf, J van Schoonhoven
OBJECTIVE: Bony fusion of the trapeziometacarpal joint. INDICATIONS: High demands concerning stability and strength of the thumb in primary or secondary osteoarthritis (e.g., posttraumatic osteoarthritis following injuries to the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb); instability in the absence of osteoarthritis due to malformations, ligamentous laxicity, and joint hypermobility; malformations; improvement of hand function in neurological disorders; salvage procedure after carpometacarpal arthroplasty provided bone stock is sufficient...
August 9, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790471/should-total-hip-arthroplasty-be-performed-acutely-in-the-treatment-of-acetabular-fractures-in-elderly-or-used-as-a-salvage-procedure-only
#9
Katharine Hamlin, Gabija Lazaraviciute, Michalis Koullouros, Tarak Chouari, Iain M Stevenson, Steven W Hamilton
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is now an increasingly common procedure for people sustaining acetabular fractures. The incidence of acetabular fractures among the elderly population is increasing, and contemporary treatment aims to avoid the risks of prolonged incumbency associated with poor bone stock for fixation or inability to comply with limited weightbearing in this patient group. The concept of acute hip arthroplasty as a treatment for acetabular fracture is, therefore, becoming more topical and relevant...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774452/imaging-of-posttraumatic-arthritis-avascular-necrosis-septic-arthritis-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-and-cancer-mimicking-arthritis
#10
REVIEW
Andrey Rupasov, Usa Cain, Simone Montoya, Johan G Blickman
This article focuses on the imaging of 5 discrete entities with a common end result of disability: posttraumatic arthritis, a common form of secondary osteoarthritis that results from a prior insult to the joint; avascular necrosis, a disease of impaired osseous blood flow, leading to cellular death and subsequent osseous collapse; septic arthritis, an infectious process leading to destructive changes within the joint; complex regional pain syndrome, a chronic limb-confined painful condition arising after injury; and cases of cancer mimicking arthritis, in which the initial findings seem to represent arthritis, despite a more insidious cause...
September 2017: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768432/effects-of-surgical-factors-on-cartilage-can-be-detected-using-quantitative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#11
Keiko Amano, Alan K Li, Valentina Pedoia, Matthew F Koff, Aaron J Krych, Thomas M Link, Hollis Potter, Scott Rodeo, Xiaojuan Li, C Benjamin Ma, Sharmila Majumdar
BACKGROUND: Quantitative magnetic resonance (qMR) can be used to measure macromolecules in tissues and is a potential method of observing early cartilage changes in the development of posttraumatic osteoarthritis. Hypothesis/Purpose: We hypothesized that specific patient and surgical factors affecting cartilage matrix composition after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR) can be detected using T1ρ and T2 relaxation times. Our purpose was to demonstrate this ability in a multicenter feasibility study...
April 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745075/outcomes-of-lisfranc-injuries-in-an-active-duty-military-population
#12
Michael P Hawkinson, David J Tennent, Jeffrey Belisle, Patrick Osborn
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injuries to the tarsometatarsal or Lisfranc joints can be complex problems associated with long-term morbidity. Currently there is no clear consensus regarding optimal fixation methods. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between time from injury to treatment and treatment method with outcome. It is hypothesized that patients who underwent open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) more acutely would have higher return to duty rates. METHODS: This study is a retrospective review of 171 low-energy closed tarsometatarsal dislocations and fracture dislocations in patients identified using a Department of Defense trauma registry...
July 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730928/feasibility-of-na-18-f-pet-ct-and-mri-for-noninvasive-in-vivo-quantification-of-knee-pathophysiological-bone-metabolism-in-a-canine-model-of-post-traumatic-osteoarthritis
#13
Maria I Menendez, Bianca Hettlich, Lai Wei, Michael V Knopp
PURPOSE: To assess and quantify by molecular imaging knee osseous metabolic changes serially in an in vivo canine model of posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) of the knee utilizing sodium fluoride (Na(18)F) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) coregistered with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sodium fluoride PET imaging of 5 canines was performed prior to anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) and 2 times post-ACLT (3 and 12 weeks)...
January 2017: Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721601/high-survivorship-and-few-complications-with-cementless-total-wrist-arthroplasty-at-a-mean-followup-of-9-years
#14
Joseph A Gil, Robin N Kamal, Eugene Cone, Arnold-Peter C Weiss
BACKGROUND: Total wrist arthroplasty (TWA) has been described as traditionally being performed with fixation in the radius and carpus with cement. The TWA implant used in our series has been associated with promising results in studies with up to 6 years followup; however, studies evaluating survivorship, pain, and function with this implant are limited. QUESTION/PURPOSE: (1) To report ROM and pain scores after wrist reconstruction with cementless fourth-generation TWA at a mean followup of 9 years (range, 4...
July 18, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711157/ma%C3%A3-a-trapeziometacarpal-joint-arthroplasty-clinical%C3%A2-and-radiological-outcomes-of-80-patients-with%C3%A2-more-than-6-years-of-follow-up
#15
Adriano Toffoli, Jacques Teissier
PURPOSE: Trapeziometacarpal (TMC) total joint replacement is increasingly being performed in Europe. MAÏA TMC total joint arthroplasty is a modular uncemented ball-and-socket hydroxyapatite-coated implant. This study assessed the midterm clinical and radiological results of the MAÏA TMC prosthesis. METHODS: This single-center retrospective study involved 80 patients who underwent 96 MAÏA TMC prosthesis implantations from February 2006 to April 2009, and who had a minimum of 5 years' follow-up...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697082/primary-posterior-blade-plate-tibiotalar-arthrodesis-a-salvage-procedure-for-complex-nonreconstructable-pilon-fractures
#16
Ermias Abebe, Dana J Farrell, Boris Zelle, Gary Gruen
A subset of C2/C3 pilon fractures, open pilon injuries, metaphyseal bone comminution, and those involving substantial soft tissue or vascular injury may be nonreconstructable. Such injuries are at risk of progress to nonunion and failing open reduction internal fixation (ORIF). The risk of infection, malunion, and nonunion is relatively high with such injury patterns. In such cases, tibiotalar arthrodesis is performed after ORIF fails as a salvage procedure. Overall, the literature agrees that all pilon fractures will develop posttraumatic osteoarthritis, and these patients are ultimately treated with an arthrodesis or in narrow population with total ankle arthroplasty...
August 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688019/what-are-the-risk-factors-and-complications-associated-with-intraoperative-and-postoperative-fractures-in-total-wrist-arthroplasty
#17
Eric R Wagner, Jason J Srnec, Kapil Mehrotra, Marco Rizzo
BACKGROUND: Total wrist arthroplasty (TWA) can relieve pain and preserve some wrist motion in patients with advanced wrist arthritis. However, few studies have evaluated the risks and outcomes associated with periprosthetic fractures around TWAs. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What is the risk of intraoperative and postoperative fractures after TWAs? (2) What factors are associated with increased risk of intraoperative and postoperative fracture after TWAs? (3) What is the fracture-free and revision-free survivorship of TWAs among patients who sustained an intraoperative fracture during the index TWA? METHODS: At one institution during a 40-year period, 445 patients underwent primary TWAs...
July 7, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660002/does-total-wrist-arthroplasty-for-treatment-of-posttraumatic-wrist-joint-osteoarthritis-in-young-patients-always-lead-to-restriction-of-high-demand-activities-of-daily-living-case-report-and-brief-review-of-recent-literature
#18
Ingo Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic ulnar carpal translocation is a very rare condition that is caused either by fracture-dislocation injury or by purely ligamentous injury of the wrist. Its prognosis is poor and development of posttraumatic pancarpal wrist joint osteoarthritis is inevitable, and options for treatment are total wrist fusion or total wrist arthroplasty. METHODS: A 24-year-old male sustained a fracture-related injury in his left wrist that was accompanied with a second ligamentous distorsion-related injury 1 year later in the same wrist...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653872/posttraumatic-bone-marrow-lesion-volume-and-knee-pain-within-4-weeks-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#19
Jeffrey B Driban, Stefan Lohmander, Richard B Frobell
CONTEXT:   After an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, a majority of patients have a traumatic bone marrow lesion (BML, or bone bruise). The clinical relevance of posttraumatic lesions remains unclear. OBJECTIVE:   To explore the cross-sectional associations between traumatic BML volume and self-reported knee pain and symptoms among individuals within 4 weeks of ACL injury. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional exploratory analysis of a randomized clinical trial...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653868/knee-frontal-plane-biomechanics-in-adults-with-or-without-bone-marrow-edema-like-lesions-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#20
Abbey C Thomas, Riann M Palmieri-Smith
CONTEXT:   Lateral subchondral bone bruises (BBs) occur frequently with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. These BBs are associated with pain during weight bearing, leading individuals to increase medial tibiofemoral loading to alleviate pain laterally. Increased medial tibiofemoral loading may precipitate the development or progression of posttraumatic osteoarthritis; however, no in vivo biomechanical data exist to confirm that lateral BBs increase medial tibiofemoral loading as measured by the external knee-adduction moment (KAM)...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
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