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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777122/alcohol-facilitates-detection-of-concealed-identity-information
#1
Kristina Suchotzki, Matthias Gamer
The Concealed Information Test (CIT) is a well-validated means to detect whether someone possesses certain (e.g., crime-relevant) information. The current study investigated whether alcohol intoxication during CIT administration influences reaction time (RT) CIT-effects. Two opposing predictions can be made. First, by decreasing attention to critical information, alcohol intoxication could diminish CIT-effects. Second, by hampering the inhibition of truthful responses, alcohol intoxication could increase CIT-effects...
May 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776517/fatally-injured-pedestrians-and-bicyclists-in-the-united-states-with-high-blood-alcohol-concentrations
#2
Angela H Eichelberger, Anne T McCartt, Jessica B Cicchino
INTRODUCTION: Little research has focused on the problem of alcohol impairment among pedestrians and bicyclists in the United States. The aim of the current study was to investigate the prevalence, trends, and characteristics of alcohol-impaired fatally injured pedestrians and bicyclists. METHOD: Data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) were analyzed for fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers, pedestrians, and bicyclists 16 and older during 1982-2014...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773666/ancient-genomes-document-multiple-waves-of-migration-in-southeast-asian-prehistory
#3
Mark Lipson, Olivia Cheronet, Swapan Mallick, Nadin Rohland, Marc Oxenham, Michael Pietrusewsky, Thomas Oliver Pryce, Anna Willis, Hirofumi Matsumura, Hallie Buckley, Kate Domett, Nguyen Giang Hai, Trinh Hoang Hiep, Aung Aung Kyaw, Tin Tin Win, Baptiste Pradier, Nasreen Broomandkhoshbacht, Francesca Candilio, Piya Changmai, Daniel Fernandes, Matthew Ferry, Beatriz Gamarra, Eadaoin Harney, Jatupol Kampuansai, Wibhu Kutanan, Megan Michel, Mario Novak, Jonas Oppenheimer, Kendra Sirak, Kristin Stewardson, Zhao Zhang, Pavel Flegontov, Ron Pinhasi, David Reich
Southeast Asia is home to rich human genetic and linguistic diversity, but the details of past population movements in the region are not well known. Here, we report genome-wide ancient DNA data from eighteen Southeast Asian individuals spanning from the Neolithic period through the Iron Age (4100-1700 years ago). Early farmers from Man Bac in Vietnam exhibit a mixture of East Asian (southern Chinese agriculturalist) and deeply diverged eastern Eurasian (hunter-gatherer) ancestry characteristic of Austroasiatic speakers, with similar ancestry as far south as Indonesia providing evidence for an expansive initial spread of Austroasiatic languages...
May 17, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771937/construction-and-characterization-of-a-bacterial-artificial-chromosome-library-for-gossypium-mustelinum
#4
Yuling Liu, Baohong Zhang, Xinpeng Wen, Shulin Zhang, Yangyang Wei, Quanwei Lu, Zhen Liu, Kunbo Wang, Fang Liu, Renhai Peng
A bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library for G. mustelinum Miers ex G. Watt (AD4) was constructed. Intact nuclei from G. mustelinum (AD4) were used to isolate high molecular weight DNA, which was partially cleaved with Hind III and cloned into pSMART BAC (Hind III) vectors. The BAC library consisted of 208,182 clones arrayed in 542 384-microtiter plates, with an average insert size of 121.72 kb ranging from 100 to 150 kb. About 2% of the clones did not contain inserts. Based on an estimated genome size of 2372 Mb for G...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770614/primary-versus-secondary-tracheoesophageal-puncture-for-voice-rehabilitation-in-laryngectomy-patients-a-systematic-review
#5
Kimberly Luu, Brent A Chang, Dianne Valenzuela, Donald Anderson
BACKGROUND: Among voice restoration options following laryngectomy, tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) appears to be the most common. Currently, there is no consensus that exists with regards to the timing of performing TEP and the decision to perform a primary or secondary TEP has mostly been based on physician preference and expert opinion rather than data. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: The objective of this study was to compare primary and secondary tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) for voice rehabilitation in laryngectomy patients in terms of success and complication rates...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767614/differential-attenuation-of-marek-s-disease-virus-induced-tumours-and-late-marek-s-disease-virus-induced-immunosuppression
#6
Nik M Faiz, Aneg L Cortes, James S Guy, Sanjay M Reddy, Isabel M Gimeno
Marek's disease virus (MDV) is a herpesvirus that induces lymphoma and a variety of non-neoplastic syndromes in chickens. Furthermore, very virulent plus (vv+) MDVs induce a form of immunosuppression (late-MDV-IS) that might involve both neoplastic and non-neoplastic mechanisms. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the attenuation of MDV-induced tumours and late-MDV-IS occurs simultaneously or can be dissociated. The immunosuppressive ability of three viruses derived from vv+ MDV strain 686 (wild-type 686, the somewhat attenuated molecular clone 686-BAC, and the nononcogenic molecular clone lacking the two copies of the oncogene meq 686-BACΔMEQ) was evaluated...
May 16, 2018: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764972/separate-functional-properties-of-nmdars-regulate-distinct-aspects-of-spatial-cognition
#7
Erin M Sanders, Akua O Nyarko-Odoom, Kevin Zhao, Michael Nguyen, Hong Hong Liao, Matthew Keith, Jane Pyon, Alyssa Kozma, Mohima Sanyal, Daniel G McHail, Theodore C Dumas
N -methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) at excitatory synapses are central to activity-dependent synaptic plasticity and learning and memory. NMDARs act as ionotropic and metabotropic receptors by elevating postsynaptic calcium concentrations and by direct intracellular protein signaling. In the forebrain, these properties are controlled largely by the auxiliary GluN2 subunits, GluN2A and GluN2B. While calcium conductance through NMDAR channels and intracellular protein signaling make separate contributions to synaptic plasticity, it is not known if these properties individually influence learning and memory...
June 2018: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763834/parkinsonism-is-associated-to-fronto-caudate-disconnectivity-and-cognition-in-schizophrenia
#8
Vicente Molina, Alba Lubeiro, Jorge Blanco, José A Blanco, Margarita Rodríguez, Alicia Rodríguez-Campos, Rodrigo de Luis-García
The present work studies the possible relation of parkinsonism and fronto-caudate dysconnectivity, as well as its relation to cognition in schizophrenia patients. We assessed parkinsonism using Simpson-Angus scale and prefronto-caudate connectivity using diffusion magnetic resonance in 22 schizophrenia patients (11 first-episodes) and 14 healthy controls. Fractional anisotropy was calculated for the white matter tracts directly linking rostral middle prefrontal (RMPF) and superior medial prefrontal (SMPF) regions with caudate nucleus...
May 8, 2018: Psychiatry research. Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763469/rapid-diagnosis-of-bloodstream-infections-in-the-critically-ill-evaluation-of-the-broad-range-pcr-esi-ms-technology
#9
Martina Tassinari, Silvia Zannoli, Patrizia Farabegoli, Maria Federica Pedna, Anna Pierro, Antonio Mastroianni, Riccardo Fontan, Luciano Luongo, Giuseppe Sarnataro, Elisa Menegatti, Assunta Caruso, Vittorio Sambri
Bloodstream infection (BSI) and associated sepsis represent a major source of mortality in industrialized countries. Prompt treatment with targeted antibiotics affects both the financial impact and the clinical outcome of BSI: every hour gained in initiating the correct antimicrobial therapy significantly increases the probability of patient survival. However, the current standard-of-care, which depends on blood culture-based diagnosis, are often unable to provide such a fast response. Fast and sensitive molecular techniques for the detection of sepsis-related pathogens from primary blood samples are strongly needed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762659/independent-assessment-and-improvement-of-wheat-genome-sequence-assemblies-using-fosill-jumping-libraries
#10
Fu-Hao Lu, Neil McKenzie, George Kettleborough, Darren Heavens, Matthew D Clark, Michael W Bevan
Background: The accurate sequencing and assembly of very large, often polyploid, genomes remain a challenging task, limiting long-range sequence information and phased sequence variation for applications such as plant breeding. The 15 Gb hexaploid bread wheat genome has been particularly challenging to sequence, and several different approaches have recently generated long-range assemblies. Mapping and understanding the types of assembly errors is important for optimising future sequencing and assembly approaches and for comparative genomics...
May 11, 2018: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760072/estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-controls-proliferation-of-enteric-glia-and-differentiation-of-neurons-in-the-myenteric-plexus-after-damage
#11
F D'Errico, G Goverse, Y Dai, W Wu, M Stakenborg, E Labeeuw, V De Simone, B Verstockt, P J Gomez-Pinilla, M Warner, A Di Leo, G Matteoli, J A Gustafsson
Injury to the enteric nervous system (ENS) can cause several gastrointestinal (GI) disorders including achalasia, irritable bowel syndrome, and gastroparesis. Recently, a subpopulation of enteric glial cells with neuronal stem/progenitor properties (ENSCs) has been identified in the adult ENS. ENSCs have the ability of reconstituting the enteric neuronal pool after damage of the myenteric plexus. Since the estrogen receptor β (ERβ) is expressed in enteric glial cells and neurons, we investigated whether a selective ERβ agonist, LY3201, can influence neuronal and glial cell differentiation...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750437/green-tea-liquid-consumption-alters-the-human-intestinal-and-oral-microbiome
#12
Xiaojie Yuan, Yong Long, Zhaohua Ji, Jie Gao, Ting Fu, Min Yan, Lei Zhang, Haixia Su, Weilu Zhang, Xiaohui Wen, Zhongshu Pu, Hui Chen, Yufei Wang, Xu Gu, Binyuan Yan, Kanakaraju Kaliannan, Zhongjun Shao
SCOPE: GTPs exerts anti-CRC activity. The intestinal microbiota and intestinal colonization by bacteria of oral origin has been implicated in colorectal carcinogenesis. GT modulates the composition of mouse gut microbiota harmonious with anticancer activity. Therefore, we investigated the effect of GTL consumption on the gut and oral microbiome in healthy volunteers (n = 12). METHODS AND RESULTS: 16S sequencing and PICRUSt analysis of both fecal and saliva samples (collected before intervention, after 2 weeks of GTL (400 ml/day) and after a washout period of one week) in healthy volunteers showed changes in microbial diversity and core microbiota and difference in clear classification (PLS-DA)...
May 11, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750238/the-antibacterial-activity-and-release-of-quaternary-ammonium-compounds-in-an-orthodontic-primer
#13
Mehmet B Özel, Tamer Tüzüner, Zeynep A Güplü, Nichola J Coleman, Andrew P Hurt, Celai K Buruk
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of 10 wt% benzalkonium chloride (TB-BAC) or 10 wt% cetylpyridinium chloride (TB-CPC) on the antimicrobial properties of the orthodontic adhesive primer, Transbond XTT (TB). Antimicrobial activity was assessed using a zone of inhibition diffusion test and the release of the antimicrobial compounds was monitored by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Shear bond strength (SBS) was tested using bovine enamel. Control, TB, specimens failed to demonstrate intrinsic antibacterial activity at 1, 7 and 14 days; whereas, TB-BAC and TB-CPC showed antibacterial effects at all times...
December 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749561/use-of-carbon-steel-ball-bearings-to-determine-the-effect-of-biocides-and-corrosion-inhibitors-on-microbiologically-influenced-corrosion-under-flow-conditions
#14
Tijan Pinnock, Johanna Voordouw, Gerrit Voordouw
A consortium of sulfate-reducing bacteria consisting mostly of Desulfovibrio, Desulfomicrobium, and Desulfocurvus from oil field produced water was cultivated in a chemostat, receiving medium with 20 mM formate and 10 mM sulfate as the energy and 1 mM acetate as the carbon source. The chemostat effluent, containing 5 mM sulfide and 0.5 mM of residual acetate, was passed through 1-ml syringe columns with 60 carbon steel ball bearings (BBs) of 53.6 ± 0.1 mg each at a flow rate of 0.8 ml/h per column...
May 10, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743873/relationship-of-handgrip-strength-and-body-mass-index-with-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#15
Shinsuke Hidese, Junko Matsuo, Ikki Ishida, Moeko Hiraishi, Toshiya Teraishi, Miho Ota, Kotaro Hattori, Hiroshi Kunugi
Background: The relationship between muscle strength and cognition in schizophrenia has not been well studied. We investigated the potential relationship of handgrip strength (HGS) score and body mass index (BMI) with cognitive function in patients with schizophrenia. Methods: Participants included 153 patients with schizophrenia (age: 36.9 ± 9.4 years; 82 males) and 328 healthy controls (age: 36.4 ± 10.7 years; 150 males), matched for age, sex, and ethnicity (Japanese). HGS was measured using a digital handgrip dynamometer...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743678/genome-sequence-of-the-progenitor-of-wheat-a-subgenome-triticum-urartu
#16
Hong-Qing Ling, Bin Ma, Xiaoli Shi, Hui Liu, Lingli Dong, Hua Sun, Yinghao Cao, Qiang Gao, Shusong Zheng, Ye Li, Ying Yu, Huilong Du, Ming Qi, Yan Li, Hongwei Lu, Hua Yu, Yan Cui, Ning Wang, Chunlin Chen, Huilan Wu, Yan Zhao, Juncheng Zhang, Yiwen Li, Wenjuan Zhou, Bairu Zhang, Weijuan Hu, Michiel J T van Eijk, Jifeng Tang, Hanneke M A Witsenboer, Shancen Zhao, Zhensheng Li, Aimin Zhang, Daowen Wang, Chengzhi Liang
Triticum urartu (diploid, AA) is the progenitor of the A subgenome of tetraploid (Triticum turgidum, AABB) and hexaploid (Triticum aestivum, AABBDD) wheat1,2 . Genomic studies of T. urartu have been useful for investigating the structure, function and evolution of polyploid wheat genomes. Here we report the generation of a high-quality genome sequence of T. urartu by combining bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC)-by-BAC sequencing, single molecule real-time whole-genome shotgun sequencing 3 , linked reads and optical mapping4,5 ...
May 9, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735678/dopamine-receptors-mediate-strategy-abandoning-via-modulation-of-a-specific-prelimbic-cortex-nucleus-accumbens-pathway-in-mice
#17
Qiaoling Cui, Qian Li, Hongyan Geng, Lei Chen, Nancy Y Ip, Ya Ke, Wing-Ho Yung
The ability to abandon old strategies and adopt new ones is essential for survival in a constantly changing environment. While previous studies suggest the importance of the prefrontal cortex and some subcortical areas in the generation of strategy-switching flexibility, the fine neural circuitry and receptor mechanisms involved are not fully understood. In this study, we showed that optogenetic excitation and inhibition of the prelimbic cortex-nucleus accumbens (NAc) pathway in the mouse respectively enhances and suppresses strategy-switching ability in a cross-modal spatial-egocentric task...
May 7, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727446/development-of-experimental-gbs-vaccine-for-mucosal-immunization
#18
T Gupalova, G Leontieva, T Kramskaya, K Grabovskaya, E Bormotova, D Korjevski, A Suvorov
Streptococcus agalactiae, or group B streptococcus (GBS), is an important pathogen as it is the leading cause of neonatal deaths due to sepsis, meningitis or bacterial pneumonia. Although the development of an effective and safe GBS vaccine is on the agenda of many research labs, there is no GBS vaccine on the market yet. In the present study we attempted to engineer a live vaccine strain based on Bac, a surface protein of GBS, incorporated into a surface fimbrial protein of probiotic Enterococcus. The resulting strain induced specific systemic and local immune responses in mice and provided protection against GBS when administered via the intranasal, oral or intravaginal immunization routes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720942/glutathione-s-transferase-p1-protects-against-amodiaquine-quinoneimines-induced-cytotoxicity-but-does-not-prevent-activation-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-hepg2-cells
#19
Yongjie Zhang, Shalenie P den Braver-Sewradj, Michiel W den Braver, Steven Hiemstra, Nico P E Vermeulen, Bob van de Water, Jan N M Commandeur, J C Vos
Formation of the reactive amodiaquine quinoneimine (AQ-QI) and N -desethylamodiaquine quinoneimine (DEAQ-QI) plays an important role in the toxicity of the anti-malaria drug amodiaquine (AQ). Glutathione conjugation protects against AQ-induced toxicity and GSTP1 is able to conjugate its quinoneimine metabolites AQ-QI and DEA-QI with glutathione. In this study, HepG2 cells transiently transfected with the human GSTP1 construct were utilized to investigate the protective effect of GSTP1 in a cellular context...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715656/advanced-biological-activated-carbon-filter-for-removing-pharmaceutically-active-compounds-from-treated-wastewater
#20
Luca Sbardella, Joaquim Comas, Alessio Fenu, Ignasi Rodriguez-Roda, Marjoleine Weemaes
Through their release of effluents, conventional wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) represent a major pollution point sources for pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) in water bodies. The combination of a biological activated carbon (BAC) filter coupled with an ultrafiltration (UF) unit was evaluated as an advanced treatment for PhACs removal at pilot scale. The BAC-UF pilot plant was monitored for one year. The biological activity of the biofilm that developed on the granular activated carbon (GAC) particles and the contribution of this biofilm to the overall removal of PhACs were evaluated...
April 28, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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