keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health Homes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161641/health-care-at-birth-and-infant-mortality-evidence-from-nighttime-deliveries-in-nigeria
#1
Edward N Okeke, A V Chari
High rates of home births in developing countries are often linked to high rates of newborn deaths, but there is considerable debate about how much of this is causal. This paper weighs in on this question by analyzing data on the timing of birth, health care utilization, and mortality for a sample of births between 2009-2014 in 7021 rural Nigerian households. First, we show that timing of birth is strongly linked to use of institutional care: women with a nighttime birth are significantly less likely to use a health facility because of the difficulties associated with accessing care at night...
November 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161158/drug-use-and-incarceration-among-rural-appalachian-women-findings-from-a-jail-sample
#2
Michele Staton, Gabriele Ciciurkaite, Carrie Oser, Martha Tillson, Carl Leukefeld, J Matthew Webster, Jennifer R Havens
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to examine drug use and incarceration history among rural Appalachian women. METHODS: This study involved random selection, screening, and interviews with rural women from local jails in Appalachia. RESULTS: Of the women randomly selected and screened, 97% met criteria for substance use intervention. Significant factors associated with incarceration history included age, education, custody status, and mental health...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161156/sense-of-community-among-female-residents-of-a-trauma-informed-sober-living-home
#3
Katie M Edwards, Ellen E Haynes, Kelly M Palmer, Sharon Murphy
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders (SUDs) and domestic and/or sexual violence (DSV) co-occur at high rates. Although some studies have examined sober living homes (SLHs), no research to date has evaluated SLHs specifically designed for women with histories of SUDS and DSV. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to present data from an exploratory analysis of the association between sense of community (SOC) and mental health symptoms within a unique trauma-informed and gender-responsive SLH (i...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161061/evaluation-of-the-environmental-scoring-system-in-multiple-child-asthma-intervention-programs-in-boston-massachusetts
#4
Zhao Dong, Anjali Nath, Jing Guo, Urmi Bhaumik, May Y Chin, Sherry Dong, Erica Marshall, Johnna S Murphy, Megan T Sandel, Susan J Sommer, Sanouri Ursprung, Elizabeth R Woods, Margaret Reid, Gary Adamkiewicz
OBJECTIVES: To test the applicability of the Environmental Scoring System, a quick and simple approach for quantitatively measuring environmental triggers collected during home visits, and to evaluate its contribution to improving asthma outcomes among various child asthma programs. METHODS: We pooled and analyzed data from multiple child asthma programs in the Greater Boston Area, Massachusetts, collected in 2011 to 2016, to examine the association of environmental scores (ES) with measures of asthma outcomes and compare the results across programs...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160814/using-twitter-to-explore-un-healthy-housing-learning-from-the-characterbuildings-campaign-in-new-zealand
#5
Elinor Chisholm, Kimberley O'Sullivan
While increasingly used for research, Twitter remains largely untapped as a source of data about housing. We explore the growth of social media and use of Twitter in health and social research, and question why housing researchers have avoided using Twitter to explore housing issues to date. We use the #characterbuildings campaign, initiated by an online media platform in New Zealand in 2014 to illustrate that Twitter can provide insights into housing as a public health and social problem. We find that Twitter users share details of problems with past and present homes on this public platform, and that this readily available data can contribute to the case for improving building quality as a means of promoting public health...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160811/relationships-between-vacant-homes-and-food-swamps-a-longitudinal-study-of-an-urban-food-environment
#6
Yeeli Mui, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Rachel L J Thornton, Keshia Pollack Porter, Joel Gittelsohn
Research indicates that living in neighborhoods with high concentrations of boarded-up vacant homes is associated with premature mortality due to cancer and diabetes, but the mechanism for this relationship is unclear. Boarded-up housing may indirectly impact residents' health by affecting their food environment. We evaluated the association between changes in vacancy rates and changes in the density of unhealthy food outlets as a proportion of all food outlets, termed the food swamp index, in Baltimore, MD (USA) from 2001 to 2012, using neighborhood fixed-effects linear regression models...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159516/second-hip-fracture-incidence-trends-and-predictors
#7
Ramón Mazzucchelli, Elia Pérez-Fernández, Natalia Crespí, Alberto García-Vadillo, Gil Rodriguez Caravaca, Angel Gil de Miguel, Loreto Carmona
Older persons who have suffered a hip fracture (HFx) are at increased risk of subsequent hip fractures. The cumulative incidence of a second hip fracture (SHFx) has been estimated in 8.4%; however, no studies have been carried out in our country, and the information on risk markers of SHFx is limited. The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence, explore trends, and examine predictors of SHFx in a suburban population of Spain. An observational longitudinal retrospective study was performed in a universal health coverage setting (Alcorcón, 1999-2011)...
November 20, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159017/gardening-and-age-related-weight-gain-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-denver-residents
#8
Jill S Litt, Jeffrey Richard Lambert, Deborah H Glueck
This study examined whether gardening modifies the association between age and body mass index (BMI). We used data from the Neighborhood Environments and Health Survey, which was conducted in Denver (N = 469) between 2006 and 2007. We fit two general linear mixed models. The base model had BMI in kg/m(2) as the outcome, and age, an indicator variable for non-gardening status and the age-by-non-gardening status interaction as predictors. The adjusted model included as covariates the potential confounders of education, ethnicity and self-reported health...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159015/meals-for-good-an-innovative-community-project-to-provide-healthy-meals-to-children-in-early-care-and-education-programs-through-food-bank-catering
#9
Leah R Carpenter, Teresa M Smith, Katherine Stern, Lisa Weissenburger-Moser Boyd, Cristy Geno Rasmussen, Kelly Schaffer, Julie Shuell, Karen Broussard, Amy L Yaroch
Innovative approaches to childhood obesity prevention are warranted in early care and education (ECE) settings, since intervening early among youth is recommended to promote and maintain healthy behaviors. The objective of the Meals for Good pilot was to explore feasibility of implementing a food bank-based catering model to ECE programs to provide more nutritious meals, compared to meals brought from home (a parent-prepared model). In 2014-2015, a 12-month project was implemented by a food bank in central Florida in four privately-owned ECE programs...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158913/an-implementation-effectiveness-hybrid-trial-of-video-based-family-therapy-for-peripartum-depression-in-home-visited-mothers-a-protocol-for-a-pilot-trial
#10
Fallon Cluxton-Keller, Craig L Donnelly, Melony Williams, Jennifer Buteau, Patricia Stolte, Maggie Monroe-Cassel, Martha L Bruce
Background: The Federal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (HV) Program serves over 100,000 vulnerable families at risk for child abuse in the USA and aims to improve many outcomes, including maternal mental health (HRSA's Federal Home Visiting Program: partnering with parents to help children succeed, 2017). Most clients are insured by Medicaid, and about 40% are adolescent mothers (pregnant and post-delivery) (The mother and infant home visiting program evaluation: early findings on the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program, 2015)...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158771/implementation-and-evaluation-of-community-based-drop-in-centres-for-breastfeeding-support-in-victoria-australia
#11
Rhian L Cramer, Helen L McLachlan, Touran Shafiei, Lisa H Amir, Meabh Cullinane, Rhonda Small, Della A Forster
Background: While Australia has high breastfeeding initiation, there is a sharp decline in the first weeks postpartum and this continues throughout the first year. Supporting breastfeeding In Local Communities (SILC) was a three-arm cluster randomised controlled trial to determine whether early home-based breastfeeding support by a maternal and child health nurse (SILC-MCHN), with or without access to a community-based breastfeeding drop-in centre, increased the proportion of infants receiving any breast milk at three, four and six months...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158228/stigma-experienced-by-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity
#12
Stephen J Pont, Rebecca Puhl, Stephen R Cook, Wendelin Slusser
The stigmatization of people with obesity is widespread and causes harm. Weight stigma is often propagated and tolerated in society because of beliefs that stigma and shame will motivate people to lose weight. However, rather than motivating positive change, this stigma contributes to behaviors such as binge eating, social isolation, avoidance of health care services, decreased physical activity, and increased weight gain, which worsen obesity and create additional barriers to healthy behavior change. Furthermore, experiences of weight stigma also dramatically impair quality of life, especially for youth...
November 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158206/pulmonary-rehabilitation-with-balance-training-for-fall-reduction-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Marla K Beauchamp, Dina Brooks, Cindy Ellerton, Annemarie Lee, Jennifer Alison, Pat G Camp, Gail Dechman, Kimberley Haines, Samantha L Harrison, Anne E Holland, Alda Marques, Rahim Moineddin, Elizabeth H Skinner, Lissa Spencer, Michael K Stickland, Feng Xie, Roger S Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. A growing body of evidence shows that individuals with COPD have important deficits in balance control that may be associated with an increased risk of falls. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is a key therapeutic intervention for individuals with COPD; however, current international guidelines do not include balance training and fall prevention strategies. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this trial is to determine the effects of PR with balance training compared to PR with no balance training on the 12-month rate of falls in individuals with COPD...
November 20, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157932/-find-your-1-prevalence-and-mortality-of-a-community-cohort-of-people-with-advanced-chronic-disease-and-palliative-needs
#14
Carles Blay, Joan Carles Martori, Esther Limón, Ramon Oller, Laura Vila, Xavier Gómez-Batiste
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and profiles of people with advanced chronic diseases in Primary Care and to analyse the elements related to their mortality in order to orient strategies for improvement in this level of care. DESIGN: An observational, analytical and prospective study during 3 years conducted on a cohort of patients with palliative needs. LOCATION: Three Primary Care teams of Osona (Catalonia). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 251 people identified as advanced patients using a systematic population-based strategy that included the NECPAL tool...
November 17, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157354/identification-of-vulnerability-within-a-child-and-family-health-service
#15
Katarina Kimla, Dania Nathanson, Susan Woolfenden, Karen Zwi
Objective The aims of the present study were to describe the prevalence of vulnerability in a cohort of newborns, identify the factors that increase the risk of vulnerability and examine whether those who are most vulnerable are receiving home visits.Methods A prospective cross-sectional study was performed using data collected from questionnaires completed by child and family health nurses and obstetric discharge summaries for each mother-baby dyad. Descriptive frequencies and percentages are used to describe the proportions of children who were vulnerable, offered services and had risk factors for vulnerability...
November 21, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157257/patient-safety-culture-in-care-homes-for-older-people-a-scoping-review
#16
Emily Gartshore, Justin Waring, Stephen Timmons
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been an increasing focus on the role of safety culture in preventing incidents such as medication errors and falls. However, research and developments in safety culture has predominantly taken place in hospital settings, with relatively less attention given to establishing a safety culture in care homes. Despite safety culture being accepted as an important quality indicator across all health and social care settings, the understanding of culture within social care settings remains far less developed than within hospitals...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157098/meanings-of-living-in-lodgings-during-senior-high-school
#17
Wenche Wannebo, Siri Andreassen Devik, Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt
Studies show that senior high school students living in lodgings (away from home) when attending high school are vulnerable to stress and mental health problems. Moving away from home at the age of 15-16 is a transition that might affect adolescents' well-being. The aim of this study is to explore the experience of living in lodgings during senior high school. In-depth interviews were conducted with 21 Norwegian lodgers of both genders between the ages of 16-18. Interviews were analyzed according to a phenomenological hermeneutical approach...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156926/-oral-feeding-and-nutritional-improvement-in-hospitals-and-residential-care-homes-industry-innovations
#18
Rosa M Ortega, Ana Isabel Jiménez Ortega, José Miguel Perea Sánchez, Esther Cuadrado Soto, Rosa M Martínez García, Ana M López Sobaler
OBJECTIVES: Inpatient and institutionalized elderly patients are population groups vulnerable from the nutritional point of view because oftheir greater risk of deficiencies and because in them the effects of imbalances are more serious than in other groups. Analyzing the possible usefulness of industry innovations offering solutions in the oral feeding of these population groups constitutes the objective of the present work. METHODS: Bibliographic search related to the topic...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156638/development-of-evidence-based-disease-education-literature-for-pakistani-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#19
Atta Abbas Naqvi, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Muhammad Tariq Aftab, Syed Baqir Shyum Naqvi, Fatima Zehra, Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad
Rheumatoid arthritis affects 0.5% to 1% of the population globally and is one of the most common causes of disability. Patient education plays a key role in improving treatment outcomes. The purpose of this study was to discuss the process involved in designing an evidence-based disease education literature for rheumatoid arthritis patients of Pakistan in Urdu language with culturally relevant illustrations. A study was conducted to develop disease education literature using Delphi consensus, content validity, and patient feedback...
November 20, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156558/indoor-temperatures-in-low-cost-housing-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#20
Nisha Naicker, June Teare, Yusentha Balakrishna, Caradee Yael Wright, Angela Mathee
Ambient and indoor temperature affects thermal comfort and human health. In a changing climate with a predicted change in temperature extremes, understanding indoor temperatures, both hot and cold, of different housing types is important. This study aimed to assess the hourly, daily and monthly variation in indoor temperatures in different housing types, namely formal houses, informal houses, flats, government-built low-cost houses and old, apartheid era low-cost housing, in five impoverished urban communities in Johannesburg, South Africa...
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
keyword
keyword
27871
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"