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Hypertension, analgesia, blood pressure, heart

Andreia Fernandes, Clara Gaio Lima, Nelson Paulo, Catarina Celestino, Ana Fonte Boa, Fátima Lima, Manuela Vieira
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS), via minithoracotomy, is thought to be a fast track to extubation and recovery after surgery. Chronic pain, due to intercostal nerve injury, develops in up to 50% of postthoracotomy patients.A number of regional anaesthesia and analgesia techniques may be employed, and the anaesthesiologists play a key role in facilitating optimal outcomes after surgery. METHODS: We report a case of postoperative pain management with a local anesthetic infiltration for MICS...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
R B Li, Q Chen, H Y Zhang, H A Deng, G H Guo, Y G Mao, Z H Fu
Objective: To observe the safety and effects of application of analgesic and sedative drugs in severely burned patients during shock stage. Methods: One hundred and eighty patients with severe burns, conforming to the study criteria, were admitted to our unit from August 2014 to August 2016. Patients were divided into analgesia and sedation group and control group according to whether receiving analgesic and sedative treatment or not, with 90 cases in each group. Patients in control group received conventional treatment, while those in analgesia and sedation group received analgesic and sedative treatment for 24 hours besides conventional treatment...
April 20, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
Stefano Romagnoli, Angela Amigoni, Ilaria Blangetti, Giampaolo Casella, Cosimo Chelazzi, Francesco Forfori, Cristiana Garisto, Maria C Mondardini, Marco Moltrasio, Daniela Pasero, Tiziana Principi, Zaccaria Ricci, Fabio Tarantino, Giorgio Conti
Light sedation, corresponding to a Richmond AgitationSedation Scale between 0 and 1 is a priority of modern critical care practice. Dexmedetomidine, a highly selective, central, 2adrenoceptor agonist, is increasingly administered in the intensive care units (ICUs) as an effective drug to induce light sedation, analgesia and a quasiphysiological sleep in critically ill patients. Although in general dexmedetomidine is well tolerated, side effects as bradycardia, hypertension, and hypotension may occur. Although a general dosing range is suggested, different ICU patients may require different and highly precise titration that may significantly vary due to neurological status, cardiorespiratory function, baseline blood pressure, heart rate, liver efficiency, age and coadministration of other sedatives...
February 5, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
Xin Jin, Weidong Mi
PURPOSE: Perioperative infusion of adenosine has been suggested to reduce the requirement for inhalation anesthetics, without causing serious adverse effects in humans. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials evaluating the effect of adenosine on postoperative analgesia. METHODS: We retrieved articles in computerized searches of Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases, up to July 2016. We used adenosine, postoperative analgesia, and postoperative pain(s) as key words, with humans, RCT, and CCT as filters...
2017: PloS One
Junhui Zhao, Chuixian Zhou
The aim of the present study was to analyze the protective and hemodynamic effects of dexmedetomidine in hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage (HCH) patients during perioperative period. In total, 50 HCH patients were selected and randomly divided into two groups, one group was administered with dexmedetomidine and the other groups with midazolam. The mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR) and blood oxygen saturation (SpO2) were monitored in the two groups of patients before and during the operation. The MAP, HR, SpO2 and PETCO2 recorded 5 min after admission into the operation room was considered T1, the same parameters recorded 10 min after drug administration were considered T2, just after starting the operation were considered T3 and 30 min after start of operation were considered T4...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Shirin Parveen, Devendra Singh Negi, Rajesh Kumar, Mohd Chand Bagwan
INTRODUCTION: Direct laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation has adverse effects like tachycardia, hypertension, myocardial ischemia and cerebral haemorrhage. There are several studies on various pharmacological agents to attenuate this response. AIM: This study was designed to compare efficacy and safety of oral clonidine and oral pregabalin premedication to attenuate stress response in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total 80 patients of ASA grade I and II, aged between 20-60 years of both sexes scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in the study...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Joseph M Blankush, Robbie Freeman, Joy McIlvaine, Trung Tran, Stephen Nassani, I Michael Leitman
Modified Early Warning Scores (MEWS) provide real-time vital sign (VS) trending and reduce ICU admissions in post-operative patients. These early warning calculations classically incorporate oxygen saturation, heart rate, respiratory rate, systolic blood pressure, and temperature but have not previously included end-tidal CO2 (EtCO2 ), more recently identified as an independent predictor of critical illness. These systems may be subject to failure when physiologic data is incorrectly measured, leading to false alarms and increased workload...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Wei Gao, Baoyong Sha, Yuan Zhao, Zhe Fan, Lin Liu, Xin Shen
Propofol lipid emulsion (PLE) is a nanosized sedative, and it is used with a combination of salted antalgic prodrug, fentanyl citrate (FC). To illustrate the synergistic effect of mixing, we compared the sedation/analgesia resulting from simultaneous and sequential administration in surgically induced abortion (No. ChiCTR-IPC-15006153). Simultaneous group showed lower bispectral index, blood pressure, and heart rate, when cannula was inserted into the uterus. It also showed less frequency of hypertension, sinus tachycardia, movement, pain at the injection site, and additional FC...
August 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Kavitha Jayaram, Moningi Srilata, Dilipkumar Kulkarni, Gopinath Ramachandran
BACKGROUND: Effective management and pain prevention is of great importance to avoid postoperative complications such as hypertension, agitation, and vomiting. All these adverse events may lead to elevation in intracranial pressure and, in turn, unfavorable outcome and prolonged hospital stay. Development of multiple methods of analgesia may contribute to the alleviation of problems due to pain. We tested the effectiveness of bilateral maxillary block with greater and lesser occipital nerve block for providing analgesia to the scalp...
January 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Z Jabiry-Zieniewicz, F A Dabrowski, B Suchońska, R Kowalczyk, E Nowacka, B Kociszewska-Najman, B Pietrzak, P Malkowski, M Wielgos
AIM: Retrospective analysis of the course of pregnancy, labor and mode of anesthesia in women with portal hypertension and esophageal varices induced by portal vein thrombosis. MATERIAL: From 2000 to 2012 seven pregnant were admitted. None had liver transplantation (Ltx), the varicose have been in the 1st stage. Each of them has been consulted by the obstetrician, transplant surgeon and anesthetist. The patient condition during pregnancy, labor and postpartum period was analyzed...
January 2015: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Ramamani Mariappan, Harinarayanaprabhu Ashokkumar, Balaji Kuppuswamy
BACKGROUND: Clonidine, an α2 agonist, has been used in anesthesia for many years to provide sedation, anxiolysis, analgesia, controlled hypotension, and to provide opioid-sparing anesthesia. Recently, there has been a great interest in using the newer α2 agonist, dexmedetomidine, because of its more selectivity toward α2 adrenoreceptors. We compared the effects of clonidine with dexmedetomidine on anesthetic requirement and recovery from anesthesia. METHODS: Seventy-four patients undergoing major spine surgery were randomly allocated to receive either oral clonidine premedication followed by an intraoperative saline infusion (group A) or placebo premedication followed by dexmedetomidine infusion in the intraoperative period (group B)...
July 2014: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Ercan Gurses, Derviş Berk, Hülya Sungurtekin, Aslı Mete, Simay Serin
BACKGROUND: To investigate possible effects of high thoracic epidural anesthesia (HTEA) on mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO2) in coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABGS) MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-four patients scheduled for CABGS were randomly assigned to either test (HTEA) or control group. Standard balanced general anesthesia was applied in both groups. Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), oxygen saturation (SpO2), central venous pressure (CVP), cardiac output (CO), cardiac index (CI), systemic vascular resistance (SVR), pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), mean pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP), pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP), pulmonary compliance (C), bispectral index (BIS), body temperature, SvO2, hematocrit values were recorded before induction...
2013: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Rebecca A Krimins, Jeff C Ko, Ann B Weil, Mark E Payton
OBJECTIVE: To compare anesthetic, analgesic, and cardiorespiratory effects in dogs after IM administration of dexmedetomidine (7.5 μg/kg)-butorphanol (0.15 mg/kg)-tiletamine-zolazepam (3.0 mg/kg; DBTZ) or dexmedetomidine (15.0 μg/kg)-tramadol (3.0 mg/kg)-ketamine (3.0 mg/kg; DTrK) combinations. ANIMALS: 6 healthy adult mixed-breed dogs. PROCEDURES: Each dog received DBTZ and DTrK in a randomized, crossover-design study with a 5-day interval between treatments...
November 2012: American Journal of Veterinary Research
Marimuthu Muthukumar, Virendra K Arya, Preety J Mathew, Ramesh K Sharma
Surgical field infiltration with adrenaline is common practice for quality surgical field during cleft lip and palate repair in children. Intravascular absorption of adrenaline infiltration often leads to adverse haemodynamic responses. In this prospective, double-blinded, randomised study the haemodynamic effects, quality of surgical field and postoperative analgesia following surgical field infiltration with different concentrations of adrenaline with and without lignocaine were compared in 100 American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I children aged six months to seven years undergoing cleft lip/palate surgery...
January 2012: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
R Logier, J De Jonckheere, M Delecroix, A Keribedj, M Jeanne, R Jounwaz, B Tavernier
Pneumatic tourniquets are widely used to provide a bloodless operative field during upper or lower limb surgery. If tourniquet inflation during general anesthesia is initially a mild stimulus, a long duration of inflation can imply heart rate and blood pressure increasing. However, heart rate or blood pressure increasing can also be caused by other external stimuli. Indeed, in the case of an insufficient analgesia, painful surgical stimuli can also cause an increase in heart rate and blood pressure. Therefore, in the case of the use of a tourniquet during surgery, it's very difficult for the anesthesiologist to distinguish hypertension caused by pain from hypertension caused by tourniquet inflation...
2011: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Yu Wu, Jun Yuan, Xin-Min Feng
OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference between transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) assisted general anesthesia and simple general anesthesia on stress response during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in aged patients. METHODS: Forty patients underwent LC were randomly divided into a TENS assisted general anesthesia group (group T) and a general anesthesia group (group G), 20 cases in each group. After TEAS for 30 min, general anesthesia was applied in group T, and TEAS was continued until LC over...
February 2011: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Robert Hanss, Berthold Bein
The number of patients with limited organ function is steadily increasing due to the aging of the population. Consequently, a growing number of patients needing surgery is accompanied by serious comorbidities. These patients are at high risk of perioperative organ dysfunction. In this context cardiac events (e.g. cardiac arrhythmias, angina or myocardial infarction) play a major role with significant impact on postoperative care, long term outcome and economic sequelae. Thus, anaesthesiologists must prevent such events in the perioperative period...
April 2010: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
D V Medvedev, A Zh Petrikas
Effectiveness of intraligamentous anesthesia for caries and pulpitis in 83 patients was studied. This was efficient and simple technique of anesthesia of lower lateral teeth. Pulpul analgesia occured almost immediately after the injection and was accompanied by minimum of subjective sensations in the mouth. Arterial pressure and heart rate were investigated in all patients before, immediately and in 15-20 min after the injection with the help of automated monitor. Intraligamentous anesthesia beeng a vascular method caused in hypertensive patients unpredictable arterial pressure elevations...
2009: Stomatologii︠a︡
Bruno Salomé de Morais, Yerkes Pereira Silva, Marcos Guilherme C Cruvinel, Carlos Henrique Viana de Castro, Marco Victor Hermeto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The subarachnoid administration of morphine is a well-established anesthetic technique of postoperative analgesia due to its efficacy safety and low cost. The objective of this paper was to report the accidental subarachnoid administration of 4 mg of morphine complicated by atrial fibrillation after administration of naloxone. CASE REPORT: A 45-year old male patient with 75 kg, 1.72 m, physical status ASA II, hypertensive, was scheduled for reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament of the left knee...
March 2008: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
S M Ibrahim, E Mustafa, A Louon
The case is reported of a 30-year-old multigravida, with insignificant history and stable vital signs, admitted to the labour room for normal vaginal delivery of twins. She received combined spinal epidural analgesia (bupivacaine plus fentanyl) for 3 h. Following uneventful delivery she received 0.2 mg methylergonovine maleate, intramuscularly. Nausea and vomiting occurred 70 min after placenta delivery, heart rate decreased, arterial blood pressure increased and there was chest pain. After excluding cardiac ischaemia, 0...
September 2008: Journal of International Medical Research
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