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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716994/diagnosis-and-management-of-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety-in-general-practice-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#1
Elizabeth Ford, Suzanne Lee, Judy Shakespeare, Susan Ayers
BACKGROUND: Up to 20% of women experience anxiety and depression during the perinatal period. In the UK, management of perinatal mental health falls under the remit of GPs. AIM: This review aimed at synthesising the available information from qualitative studies on GPs' attitudes, recognition, and management of perinatal anxiety and depression. DESIGN AND SETTING: Meta-synthesis of the available published qualitative evidence on GPs' recognition and management of perinatal anxiety and depression...
July 17, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698318/words-do-matter-a-systematic-review-on-how-different-terminology-for-the-same-condition-influences-management-preferences
#2
Brooke Nickel, Alexandra Barratt, Tessa Copp, Ray Moynihan, Kirsten McCaffery
OBJECTIVES: Changing terminology for low-risk, screen-detected conditions has now been recommended by several expert groups in order to prevent overdiagnosis and reduce the associated harms of overtreatment. However, the effect of terminology on patients' preferences for management is not well understood. This review aims to synthesise existing studies on terminology and its impact on management decision making. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: Studies were included that compared two or more terminologies to describe the same condition and measured the effect on treatment or management preferences and/or choices...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669129/assumptions-and-moral-understanding-of-the-wish-to-hasten-death-a-philosophical-review-of-qualitative-studies
#3
Andrea Rodríguez-Prat, Evert van Leeuwen
It is not uncommon for patients with advanced disease to express a wish to hasten death (WTHD). Qualitative studies of the WTHD have found that such a wish may have different meanings, none of which can be understood outside of the patient's personal and sociocultural background, or which necessarily imply taking concrete steps to ending one's life. The starting point for the present study was a previous systematic review of qualitative studies of the WTHD in advanced patients. Here we analyse in greater detail the statements made by patients included in that review in order to examine their moral understandings and representations of illness, the dying process and death...
July 1, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666455/prevalence-of-fibrodysplasia-ossificans-progressiva-fop-in-france-an-estimate-based-on-a-record-linkage-of-two-national-databases
#4
Geneviève Baujat, Rémy Choquet, Stéphane Bouée, Viviane Jeanbat, Laurène Courouve, Amélie Ruel, Caroline Michot, Kim-Hanh Le Quan Sang, David Lapidus, Claude Messiaen, Paul Landais, Valérie Cormier-Daire
BACKGROUND: Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is a rare, severely disabling, and life-shortening genetic disorder that causes the formation of heterotopic bone within soft connective tissue. Previous studies found that the FOP prevalence was about one in every two million lives. The aim of this study is to estimate the FOP prevalence in France by probabilistic record-linkage of 2 national databases: 1) the PMSI (Programme de médicalisation des systèmes d'information), an administrative database that records all hospitalization activities in France and 2) CEMARA, a registry database developed by the French Centres of Reference for Rare Diseases...
June 30, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648200/-what-place-does-old-age-hold-in-our-society
#5
Régis Aubry, Cynthia Fleury-Perkins
Ageing is often the subject of denial in our societies. In addition to the over-medicalisation of elderly people there is also a certain form of exclusion, or even contempt. Elderly people remind us all that life is relative and of our own mortality. What can be done to ensure that old age is considered differently?
June 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633137/incidence-and-characteristics-of-congenital-cataract-surgery-in-france-from-2010-to-2012-the-episafe-program
#6
Vincent Daien, Annick Le Pape, Didier Heve, Max Villain, Dominique Bremond Gignac
INTRODUCTION: Prevention of visual impairment due to congenital cataract is an international priority as part of VISION 2020 - The Right to Sight, the joint initiative of the World Health Organization and the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness. The present study is part of the Epidemiology and Safety (EPISAFE) collaborative program aiming at assessing the epidemiology and safety of interventions in ophthalmology. METHODS: All children who underwent cataract surgery before the age of 1 year in France between January 2010 and December 2012 were identified by using the Programme de Médicalisation des Systèmes d'Information...
2017: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627720/the-concept-of-medicalisation-reassessed-a-rejoinder
#7
Joan Busfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626858/antibiotics-for-acute-bronchitis
#8
REVIEW
Susan M Smith, Tom Fahey, John Smucny, Lorne A Becker
BACKGROUND: The benefits and risks of antibiotics for acute bronchitis remain unclear despite it being one of the most common illnesses seen in primary care. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of antibiotics in improving outcomes and to assess adverse effects of antibiotic therapy for people with a clinical diagnosis of acute bronchitis. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL 2016, Issue 11 (accessed 13 January 2017), MEDLINE (1966 to January week 1, 2017), Embase (1974 to 13 January 2017), and LILACS (1982 to 13 January 2017)...
June 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623894/-doing-the-right-thing-factors-influencing-gp-prescribing-of-antidepressants-and-prescribed-doses
#9
Chris F Johnson, Brian Williams, Stephen A MacGillivray, Nadine J Dougall, Margaret Maxwell
BACKGROUND: Antidepressant prescribing continues to increase, with 5-16% of adults receiving antidepressants annually. Total prescribing growth is due in part to increased long-term use, greater selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor (SSRI) use and the use of higher SSRI doses. Evidence does not support routine use of higher SSRI doses for depression treatment, and factors influencing the use of such doses are not well known. The aim of this study was to explore factors influencing GPs' use of antidepressants and their doses to treat depression...
June 17, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599091/burden-of-cytomegalovirus-disease-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients-a-national-matched-cohort-study-in-an-inpatient-setting
#10
Zalmai Hakimi, Samuel Aballéa, Sameh Ferchichi, Micky Scharn, Isaac A Odeyemi, Mondher Toumi, Faouzi Saliba
BACKGROUND: We investigated the impact of early- (E-CMV) and late onset (L-CMV) cytomegalovirus disease on the probability of graft rejection, graft failure, mortality, and healthcare resource use, following solid organ transplantation (SOT) in France. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data from the French 'Programme de Médicalisation des Systèmes d'Information' database (2007-2011) was conducted to identify SOT recipients who developed CMV disease in an inpatient setting...
June 9, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576381/agreement-between-hospital-discharge-diagnosis-codes-and-medical-records-to-identify-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-and-associated-comorbidities-in-elderly-patients
#11
A Gouverneur, D Dolatkhani, M Rouyer, A Grelaud, F Francis, V Gilleron, A Fourrier-Réglat, P Noize
BACKGROUND: Quality of coding to identify cancers and comorbidities through the French hospital diagnosis database (Programme de médicalisation des systèmes d'information, PMSI) has been little investigated. Agreement between medical records and PMSI database was evaluated regarding metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) and comorbidities. METHODS: From 01/01/2013 to 06/30/2014, 74 patients aged≥65years at mCRC diagnosis were identified in Bordeaux teaching hospital...
May 30, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568218/integrating-renal-nutrition-guidelines-into-daily-family-life-a-qualitative-exploration
#12
A Morris, H Love, Z van Aar, C Liles, C Roskell
BACKGROUND: Renal dietary compliance is challenging for individuals with chronic renal disease. Advice may change depending on renal function and medical treatment. Although patients seek support from family members with these changes, no literature exists with respect to how family members experience the offering of this support. The present study aimed to describe and interpret this lived experience of family members. METHODOLOGY: Phenomenological qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 adult family members via telephone (transcribed verbatim)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553018/-civilising-deaf-people-in-tibet-and-inner-mongolia-governing-linguistic-ethnic-and-bodily-difference-in-china
#13
Theresia Hofer, Gry Sagli
The People's Republic of China is home to over 20 million d/Deaf and hard-of-hearing people, many among them belonging to ethnic minorities. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork in two minority regions, the Tibet Autonomous Region and the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region, this article comparatively discusses findings on sign language use, education and state welfare policies. The situation in these domains is analysed through the framework of the 'civilising project', coined by Harrell, and its impacts on the d/Deaf and hard-of-hearing among ethnic minorities are shown...
April 21, 2017: Disability & Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495101/maternal-and-child-health-in-israel-building-lives
#14
REVIEW
Lisa Rubin, Ilana Belmaker, Eli Somekh, Jacob Urkin, Mary Rudolf, Mira Honovich, Natalya Bilenko, Zachi Grossman
Israel is home to a child-oriented society that values strong family ties, universal child benefits, and free education for all children from 3 years of age to school grade 12. Alongside the universal health-care services that are guaranteed by the National Health Insurance Law and strong, community-based primary and preventive care services, these values have resulted in good maternal and child health. In 2015, infant and maternal mortality (3·1 deaths per 1000 livebirths and 2·0 deaths per 100 000 livebirths, respectively) were lower than the mean infant and maternal mortality of countries within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development...
May 8, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471829/epidemiology-of-pancreatic-cancer-in-france-descriptive-study-from-the-french-national-hospital-database
#15
Frédérique Maire, Jean-Olivier Cibot, Catherine Compagne, Olivia Hentic, Pascal Hammel, Nelly Muller, Philippe Ponsot, Philippe Levy, Philippe Ruszniewski
INTRODUCTION: Although indirect evidence suggests that the incidence of pancreatic adenocarcinoma has increased in the last decade, few data are available in European countries. The aim of the present study was to update the epidemiology of pancreatic cancer in France in 2014 from the French national hospital database (Programme de Médicalisation des Systèmes d'Information). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients hospitalized for pancreatic cancer in France in 2014 in public or private institutions were included...
August 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425106/the-concept-of-medicalisation-reassessed-a-response-to-joan-busfield
#16
Simon J Williams, Catherine Coveney, Jonathan Gabe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425033/strengths-and-limitations-of-using-the-polypill-in-cardiovascular-prevention
#17
REVIEW
Ambuj Roy, Nitish Naik, K Srinath Reddy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Polypill and its role in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention has been extensively discussed and debated since the inception of the concept in 2003. This article reviews the subsequent accumulated research in this area. RECENT FINDINGS: Several short and intermediate to long-term studies with different brands of polypills have analysed the impact of polypill in phase II and III trials. The strengths of polypill that have emerged include better adherence, equivalent or better risk factor control and quality of life among polypill users as compared to usual care...
May 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391658/over-the-counter-medical-abortion-to-be-or-not-to-be
#18
K Chaturachinda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370902/a-critical-analysis-of-the-australian-defence-force-policy-on-maternal-health-care
#19
Maureen Montalban
OBJECTIVE: To critically analyse the Australian Defence Force (ADF) policy on maternal health care: Health Directive No 235 - Management of pregnant members in the Australian Defence Force. METHOD: Bacchi's 'What's the problem represented to be' framework was used to analyse Health Directive No 235. This paper critically examines the representation of pregnancy and birth, the resulting effects and considers alternate representations. RESULTS: The ADF's policy on maternal healthcare considers pregnancy as a health issue that requires specialist intervention and care, also known as the medicalisation of birth...
March 28, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341756/distress-disease-desire-perspectives-on-the-medicalisation-of-premature-ejaculation
#20
Ylva Söderfeldt, Adam Droppe, Tim Ohnhäuser
The discovery that certain selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors delay ejaculation and the later development and approval of dapoxetine as an on-demand treatment option has led to a dramatic increase in medical interest in premature ejaculation. This paper analyses the diagnostic criteria and the discussion within the medical community about suitable treatments against the backdrop of theories of science, sex and gender. Our conclusion is that the diagnosis itself and the suggested treatments contribute to normative models of sexual conduct and therefore reinforce the norms that cause patients' distress over ejaculating 'too soon'...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
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