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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325518/experiences-of-gestational-diabetes-and-gestational-diabetes-care-a-focus-group-and-interview-study
#1
Judith Parsons, Katherine Sparrow, Khalida Ismail, Katharine Hunt, Helen Rogers, Angus Forbes
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is an increasingly common condition of pregnancy. It is associated with adverse fetal, infant and maternal outcomes, as well as an increased risk of GDM in future pregnancies and type 2 diabetes for both mother and offspring. Previous studies have shown that GDM can result in an emotionally distressing pregnancy, but there is little research on the patient experience of GDM care, especially of a demographically diverse UK population. The aim of this research was to explore the experiences of GDM and GDM care for a group of women attending a large diabetes pregnancy unit in southeast London, UK, in order to improve care...
January 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283037/a-critique-of-medicalisation-three-instances
#2
Sonia Ryang
By briefly exploring three different examples where the existence of mental illness and developmental delay has been presumed, this paper sheds light on the way what Foucault calls the emergence of a regime of truth, i.e. where something that does not exist is made to exist through the construction of a system of truth around it. The first example concerns the direct marketing of pharmaceutical products to consumers in the US, the second the use of psychology in semi-post-Cold War Korea, and the third the persisting authority of psychology in the treatment of the developmentally delayed...
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283036/from-distress-to-disease-a-critique-of-the-medicalisation-of-possession-in-dsm-5
#3
Divya Padmanabhan
This paper critiques the category of possession-form dissociative identity disorder as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 (DSM-5) published in 2013 by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). The DSM as an index of psychiatry pathologises possession by categorising it as a form of dissociative identity disorder. Drawing upon ethnographic fieldwork, this paper argues that such a pathologisation medicalises possession, which is understood as a non-pathological condition in other contexts such as by those individuals who manifest possession at a temple in Kerala, South India...
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198153/how-do-men-s-magazines-talk-about-penises
#4
Craig Owen, Christine Campbell
Constructions of masculinity have shifted and changed but the central role of the penis has remained firm. Yet, despite the implications for sexual health, there has been very little research on discourses around penises. The messages men receive about their manhood is apparent in articles in men's magazines. We conducted a discursive analysis of the ways in which penises were discussed in four market leading UK titles: Loaded, Men's Health, GQ and Attitude. Two broad discourses were identified, termed Laddish and Medicalised, both of which create fear-ridden spaces where men are bombarded with unachievable masculine ideals and traumatic examples of mutilated members...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182411/interprofessional-teamwork-in-comprehensive-primary-healthcare-services-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Michael Bentley, Toby Freeman, Fran Baum, Sara Javanparast
This article draws on data from a 5-year project that examined the effectiveness of Comprehensive primary healthcare (CPHC) in local communities. A hallmark of CPHC services is interprofessional teamwork. Drawing from this study, our article presents factors that enabled, or hindered, healthcare teams working interprofessionally in Australian primary healthcare (PHC) services. The article reports on the experiences of teams working in six Australian PHC services (four managed by state governments, one non-government sexual health organisation, and one Aboriginal community-controlled health service) during a time of significant health sector restructure...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133319/identification-of-factors-associated-with-resilience-in-medical-students-through-a-cross-sectional-census
#6
Anna Christina Pinho de Oliveira, André Paes Goulart Machado, Renata Nunes Aranha
OBJECTIVES: Research on resilience has been gaining momentum, and it has already been shown that increased resilience creates positive changes at the individual and collective levels. Understanding of the factors associated with resilience may guide specific actions directed towards different populations. The objective of this study was to investigate these associated factors within a population of medical students. DESIGN: Cross-sectional census. SETTING: A public medical school in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124974/media-portrayal-of-elite-athletes-with-disability-a-systematic-review
#7
Leanne Rees, Priscilla Robinson, Nora Shields
BACKGROUND: The media plays an important role in shaping society's beliefs about disability and sport. The aim of this systematic review is to identify how elite athletes with disability are portrayed in the media. METHOD: Six electronic databases were searched from 2001 to March 2017 for quantitative or qualitative content analysis of media coverage of elite athletes with disability: SportsDiscus, CINAHL, PsychInfo, Medline 1996-, Embase, and Proquest. Quality assessment and data extraction were performed by two independent assessors...
November 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120287/coping-with-cancer-diagnosis-and-treatment-a-comparative-study-on-women-with-breast-cancer-in-turkey-and-occupied-palestinian-territory
#8
Ayşecan Terzioğlu, Weeam Hammoudeh
In this article, we explore the illness narratives of women with breast cancer in Turkey and the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), underlining the similarities and differences in the ways in which they make sense of their diagnosis and cope with cancer treatment. The article is based on 30 and 35 semi-structured qualitative interviews conducted in Turkey and the oPt, respectively. We do find some parallels in the two settings. We find that a diagnosis of breast cancer is a dramatic event with very strong reactions among many women, with women in both settings pointing to sharp increases in cancer incidence...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092834/suicide-prevention-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-part-perceptions-partial-solutions
#9
EDITORIAL
K S Jacob
Suicide, a common cause of death in many low- and middle-income countries, has often been viewed through a medical/psychiatric lens. Such perspectives medicalise social and personal distress and suggest individual and medication-based treatments. This editorial argues for the need to examine suicide from a public health perspective and suggests the need for population-based social and economic interventions.
November 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090634/provisionally-pregnant-uncertainty-and-interpretive-work-in-accounts-of-home-pregnancy-testing
#10
Emily Ross
Upon their availability for purchase in the 1970s, home pregnancy testing devices were hailed as a 'revolution' for women's reproductive rights. Some authors, however, have described these technologies as further enabling the medicalisation of pregnancy and as contributing to the devaluing of women's embodied knowledge. The home pregnancy test is one of many technological devices encountered by women experiencing pregnancy in the United Kingdom today. Existing literature has described how engagement with medical technologies during pregnancy might address uncertainties experienced at this time, providing women with reassurance and alleviating anxieties...
October 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072353/an-integrative-literature-review-on-midwives-perceptions-on-the-facilitators-and-barriers-of-physiological-birth
#11
Cassandra Y W Wong, Hong-Gu He, Shefaly Shorey, Serena S L Koh
AIM: To present a synthesis and summary of midwives' perceptions on the facilitators and barriers of physiological birth. BACKGROUND: Medicalisation of birth has transformed and dictated how birthing should take place since the 20(th) century. Midwives' perceptions on their role within this medicalised environment have not been well documented. DESIGN: An integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES AND REVIEW METHODS: Primary research articles published in English from the period of 2004 to 2015 were included in this review...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055145/positive-predictive-values-of-peripheral-arterial-and-venous-thrombosis-codes-in-french-hospital-database
#12
Mandy Prat, Hélène Derumeaux, Laurent Sailler, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Guillaume Moulis
French hospital database, called Programme de Médicalisation des Systèmes d'Information (PMSI) covers all hospitals stays in France (>66 million inhabitants). The aim of this study was to estimate the positive predictive values (PPVs) of primary diagnosis codes of peripheral arterial and venous thrombosis codes in the PMSI, encoded with the International Classification of Diseases, 10(th) revision. Data were extracted from the PMSI database of Toulouse University Hospital, South of France. We identified all the hospital stays in 2015 with a code of peripheral arterial or venous thrombosis as primary diagnosis...
October 21, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949478/overdiagnosis-an-important-issue-that-demands-rigour-and-precision-comment-on-medicalisation-and-overdiagnosis-what-society-does-to-medicine
#13
Stacy M Carter
Van Dijk and colleagues present three cases to illustrate and discuss the relationship between medicalisation and overdiagnosis. In this commentary, I consider each of the case studies in turn, and in doing so emphasise two main points. The first is that it is not possible to assess whether overdiagnosis is occurring based solely on incidence rates: it is necessary also to have data about the benefits and harms that are produced by diagnosis. The second is that much is at stake in discussions of overdiagnosis in particular, and that it is critical that work in this area is conceptually rigorous, well-reasoned, and empirically sound...
February 25, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949477/on-the-social-construction-of-overdiagnosis-comment-on-medicalisation-and-overdiagnosis-what-society-does-to-medicine
#14
Bjørn Hofmann
In an interesting article Wieteke van Dijk and colleagues argue that societal developments and values influence the practice of medicine, and thus can result in both medicalisation and overdiagnosis. They provide a convincing argument that overdiagnosis emerges in a social context and that it has socially constructed implications. However, they fail to show that overdiagnosis per se is socially constructed and how this construction occurs. Moreover, the authors discuss overdiagnosis on a micro level without acknowledging that overdiagnosis cannot be observed in individuals "in the doctor's office...
February 25, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949476/mistaking-the-map-for-the-territory-what-society-does-with-medicine-comment-on-medicalisation-and-overdiagnosis-what-society-does-to-medicine
#15
Alistair Wardrope
Van Dijk et al describe how society's influence on medicine drives both medicalisation and overdiagnosis, and allege that a major political and ethical concern regarding our increasingly interpreting the world through a biomedical lens is that it serves to individualise and depoliticize social problems. I argue that for medicalisation to serve this purpose, it would have to exclude the possibility of also considering problems in other (social or political) terms; but to think that medical descriptions of the world seek to or are able to do this is to misunderstand the purpose and function of model construction in science in general, and medicine in particular...
February 19, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942214/-it-s-your-body-but%C3%A2-mixed-messages-in-childbirth-education-findings-from-a-hospital-ethnography
#16
Elizabeth Newnham, Lois McKellar, Jan Pincombe
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the personal, social, cultural and institutional influences on women making decisions about using epidural analgesia in labour. In this article we discuss the findings that describe practices around the gaining of consent for an epidural in labour, which we juxtapose with similar processes relating to use of water for labour and/or birth. DESIGN: ethnography. SETTING: tertiary hospital in Australian city. PARTICIPANTS: sequential interviews were conducted with 16 women; hospital staff (primarily midwives and doctors) participated during six months of participatory observation fieldwork...
December 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924390/how-school-nurses-experience-and-understand-everyday-pain-among-adolescents
#17
Magnhild Høie, Kristin Haraldstad, Gudrun Rohde, Liv Fegran, Thomas Westergren, Sølvi Helseth, Åshild Slettebø, Berit Johannessen
BACKGROUND: Pain problems are a rapidly growing health problem found among both children and adolescent, and about 15-30% have reported chronic pain problems. School nurses in Norway meet adolescents with various ailments, including pain. Yet research on how school nurses perceive the pain experienced by adolescents is limited. The aim of the present study was to explore how school nurses explain and experience the everyday pain of adolescents. METHOD: A qualitative study with an explorative design comprising five focus group interviews...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886959/-the-psychiatric-hospital-discharge-database-rim-p-an-essential-tool-for-the-surveillance-of-hospitalization-after-a-suicide-attempt
#18
C Chan Chee, L-M Paget
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological surveillance of suicide attempts is essential for monitoring indicator trends in the evaluation of prevention actions. As part of this surveillance, analysis of data from hospitalization for suicide attempts is particularly useful. METHODS: For the first time, data from two national hospital discharge databases, the "Programme de médicalisation des systèmes d'information en médecine, chirurgie, obstétrique" (PMSI-MCO) and the " Recueil d'information médicalisé en psychiatrie" (RIM-P) have been analyzed jointly...
September 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882608/-intracranial-hemorrhage-and-oral-anticoagulants-of-patients-treated-between-2011-and-2013-at-the-nancy-regional-university-hospital
#19
A Leblanc, N Petitpain, O Pereira, H El Adssi, C Latarche, P Gillet, S Colnat-Coulbois
OBJECTIVE: To perform a descriptive analysis of intracranial hemorrhages of patients treated with an antivitamin K (fluindione, acenocoumarol or warfarin) or a direct oral anticoagulant (dabigatran, rivaroxaban or apixaban) at the Nancy Regional University Hospital. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The study period was from January 2011 to December 2013 and the computerized data (Programme de Médicalisation des Systèmes d'Information) of our hospital was accessed to identify the patients...
September 4, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852938/medicalising-short-children-with-growth-hormone-ethical-considerations-of-the-underlying-sociocultural-aspects
#20
Maria Cristina Murano
In 2003, the Food and Drug Administration approved the use of growth hormone treatment for idiopathic short stature children, i.e. children shorter than average due to an unknown medical cause. Given the absence of any pathological conditions, this decision has been contested as a case of medicalisation. The aim of this paper is to broaden the debate over the reasons for and against the treatment, to include considerations of the sociocultural phenomenon of the medicalisation of short stature, by means of a critical understanding of the concept of medicalisation...
August 29, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
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