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Skill acquisition sport

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445190/cognitive-learning-and-its-future-in-urology-surgical-skills-teaching-and-assessment
#1
Somayeh B Shafiei, Ahmed A Hussein, Khurshid A Guru
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study is to provide an overview of the current status of novel cognitive training approaches in surgery and to investigate the potential role of cognitive training in surgical education. RECENT FINDINGS: Kinematics of end-effector trajectories, as well as cognitive state features of surgeon trainees and mentors have recently been studied as modalities to objectively evaluate the expertise level of trainees and to shorten the learning process...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367697/life-lessons-after-classes-investigating-the-influence-of-an-afterschool-sport-program-on-adolescents-life-skills-development
#2
Okseon Lee, Mirim Park, Kyunghwan Jang, Yongnam Park
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of an afterschool sport program on adolescents' life skills development and to identify which characteristics of the program would have an influence on their life skills acquisition. The participants were six children (4 boys, 2 girls) who participated in a 12-week afterschool program implemented in two elementary schools, as well as the two program instructors who implemented the afterschool sport program. Data were collected from individual interviews with program participants and instructors...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213152/central-neuronal-motor-behaviour-in-skilled-and-less-skilled-novices-approaching-sports-specific-movement-techniques
#3
Tobias Vogt, Kouki Kato, Stefan Schneider, Stefan Türk, Kazuyuki Kanosue
Research on motor behavioural processes preceding voluntary movements often refers to analysing the readiness potential (RP). For this, decades of studies used laboratory setups with controlled sports-related actions. Further, recent applied approaches focus on athlete-non-athlete comparisons, omitting possible effects of training history on RP. However, RP preceding real sport-specific movements in accordance to skill acquisition remains to be elucidated. Therefore, after familiarization 16 right-handed males with no experience in archery volunteered to perform repeated sports-specific movements, i...
April 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099092/training-and-development-of-canadian-wheelchair-basketball-players
#4
N Dehghansai, S Lemez, N Wattie, J Baker
Considering the growth in research, examining the development of mainstream sport athletes over the past two decades, studies examining development of athletes with disabilities have been surprisingly limited. While similarities in developmental trajectories between the two cohorts may exist regarding factors such as the value of practice, which tend to be universal regardless of context, disability-related issues (e.g. whether the disability was congenital or acquired) may influence the course of development, affecting variables such as starting age, training and developmental milestones...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873190/development-of-a-skill-acquisition-periodisation-framework-for-high-performance-sport
#5
REVIEW
Damian Farrow, Sam Robertson
Unlike physical training, skill acquisition does not currently utilise periodisation to plan, monitor and evaluate programs. Development of a skill acquisition periodisation framework would allow for systematic investigation into the acute and longitudinal effectiveness of such interventions. Using the physical training literature as a reference point, a skill-training periodisation framework was developed for use in high-performance sport. Previous research undertaken in skill acquisition was used to provide support for the framework...
November 21, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826280/is-mixed-practice-more-effective-than-physical-practice-alone-for-the-acquisition-of-non-dominant-side-kicking-performance
#6
Kylie A Steel, Eathan Ellem
Perceiving and executing unfamiliar movements, such as left handed/footed movement skills in sports, places additional demands on the perceptual-cognitive system of players that may increase errors. The video self-modeling (VSM) method may provide an accessible solution to this issue, therefore the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the VSM method on the improvement of a non-preferred side kicking task. N = 28 participants engaged in one of three conditions; Mirror reversed/ physical practice (PP), best-of/ PP, or physical practice only...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681710/do-previous-sports-experiences-influence-the-effect-of-an-enrichment-programme-in-basketball-skills
#7
Sara Santos, Nuno Mateus, Jaime Sampaio, Nuno Leite
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of an enrichment programme in motor, technical and tactical basketball skills, when accounting for the age of youth sport specialisation. Seventy-six college students (age: M = 20.4, SD = 1.9) were allocated according to three different paths: (i) non-structured (n = 14), (ii) early specialisation (n = 34), and (iii) late specialisation (n = 28), according to information previously provided by the participants about the quantity and type of sporting activities performed throughout their sporting careers...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586426/scaling-tennis-racquets-during-pe-in-primary-school-to-enhance-motor-skill-acquisition
#8
Tim Buszard, Machar Reid, Rich S W Masters, Damian Farrow
PURPOSE: Research supporting the skill acquisition benefits of scaling sports equipment for children in a real-world setting where child-to-coach ratios are high is scarce. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the influence of scaling the tennis racquet on children's skill acquisition in a primary school setting. METHOD: Children aged 6 to 7 years old practiced for 5 weeks during physical education classes using either a small racquet (SR group; n = 23) or a large racquet (LR group; n = 23)...
December 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303255/movement-sonification-effects-on-motor-learning-beyond-rhythmic-adjustments
#9
Alfred O Effenberg, Ursula Fehse, Gerd Schmitz, Bjoern Krueger, Heinz Mechling
Motor learning is based on motor perception and emergent perceptual-motor representations. A lot of behavioral research is related to single perceptual modalities but during last two decades the contribution of multimodal perception on motor behavior was discovered more and more. A growing number of studies indicates an enhanced impact of multimodal stimuli on motor perception, motor control and motor learning in terms of better precision and higher reliability of the related actions. Behavioral research is supported by neurophysiological data, revealing that multisensory integration supports motor control and learning...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957940/investigating-the-contextual-interference-effect-using-combination-sports-skills-in-open-and-closed-skill-environments
#10
Jadeera P G Cheong, Brendan Lay, Rizal Razman
This study attempted to present conditions that were closer to the real-world setting of team sports. The primary purpose was to examine the effects of blocked, random and game-based training practice schedules on the learning of the field hockey trap, close dribble and push pass that were practiced in combination. The secondary purpose was to investigate the effects of predictability of the environment on the learning of field hockey sport skills according to different practice schedules. A game-based training protocol represented a form of random practice in an unstable environment and was compared against a blocked and a traditional random practice schedule...
March 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26831407/is-heading-in-youth-soccer-dangerous-play
#11
REVIEW
John W O'Kane
BACKGROUND: Soccer is among the most popular youth sports with over 3 million youth players registered in the U.S. Soccer is unique in that players intentionally use their head to strike the ball, leading to concerns that heading could cause acute or chronic brain injury, especially in the immature brains of children. METHODS: Pub Med search without date restriction was conducted in November 2014 and August 2015 using the terms soccer and concussion, heading and concussion, and youth soccer and concussion...
2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26780345/scaling-the-equipment-and-play-area-in-children-s-sport-to-improve-motor-skill-acquisition-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Tim Buszard, Machar Reid, Rich Masters, Damian Farrow
BACKGROUND: This review investigated the influence of scaling sports equipment and play area (e.g., field size) on children's motor skill acquisition. METHODS: Peer-reviewed studies published prior to February 2015 were searched using SPORTDiscus and MEDLINE. Studies were included if the research (a) was empirical, (b) involved participants younger than 18 years, (c) assessed the efficacy of scaling in relation to one or more factors affecting skill learning (psychological factors, skill performance and skill acquisition factors, biomechanical factors, cognitive processing factors), and (d) had a sport or movement skills context...
June 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26768734/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-selected-motor-learning-principles-in-physiotherapy-and-medical-education
#13
REVIEW
Martin Sattelmayer, Simone Elsig, Roger Hilfiker, Gillian Baer
BACKGROUND: Learning of procedural skills is an essential component in the education of future health professionals. There is little evidence on how procedural skills are best learnt and practiced in education. There is a need for educators to know what specific interventions could be used to increase learning of these skills. However, there is growing evidence from rehabilitation science, sport science and psychology that learning can be promoted with the application of motor learning principles...
January 15, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26692896/the-fourth-dimension-a-motoric-perspective-on-the-anxiety-performance-relationship
#14
Howie J Carson, Dave Collins
This article focuses on raising concern that anxiety-performance relationship theory has insufficiently catered for motoric issues during, primarily, closed and self-paced skill execution (e.g., long jump and javelin throw). Following a review of current theory, we address the under-consideration of motoric issues by extending the three-dimensional model put forward by Cheng, Hardy, and Markland (2009) ('Toward a three-dimensional conceptualization of performance anxiety: Rationale and initial measurement development, Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 10, 271-278)...
January 1, 2016: International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26635586/the-racer-s-brain-how-domain-expertise-is-reflected-in-the-neural-substrates-of-driving
#15
REVIEW
Otto Lappi
A fundamental question in human brain plasticity is how sensory, motor, and cognitive functions adapt in the process of skill acquisition extended over a period of many years. Recently, there has emerged a growing interest in cognitive neuroscience on studying the functional and structural differences in the brains of elite athletes. Elite performance in sports, music, or the arts, allows us to observe sensorimotor and cognitive performance at the limits of human capability. In this mini-review, we look at driving expertise...
2015: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26210975/conducting-elite-performance-training
#16
REVIEW
Elliott Silverman, Scott A Tucker, Solveig Imsdahl, Justin A Charles, Mallory A Stellato, Mercy D Wagner, Kimberly M Brown
Training to excellence in the conduct of surgical procedures has many similarities to the acquisition and mastery of technical skills in elite-level music and sports. By using coaching techniques and strategies gleaned from analysis of professional music ensembles and athletic training, surgical educators can set conditions that increase the success rate of training to elite performance. This article describes techniques and strategies used in both music and athletic coaching, and it discusses how they can be applied and integrated into surgical simulation and education...
August 2015: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25719912/psychological-strategies-included-by-strength-and-conditioning-coaches-in-applied-strength-and-conditioning
#17
Jon N Radcliffe, Paul Comfort, Tom Fawcett
This study provided the basis by which professional development needs can be addressed and add to the applied sport psychology literature from an underresearched sport domain. This study endeavored to use qualitative methods to explore the specific techniques applied by the strength and conditioning professional. Eighteen participants were recruited for interview, through convenience sampling, drawn from a previously obtained sample. Included in the study were 10 participants working within the United Kingdom, 3 within the United States, and 5 within Australia offering a cross section of experience from ranging sport disciplines and educational backgrounds...
September 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25627151/optimization-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-prevention-paradigm-novel-feedback-techniques-to-enhance-motor-learning-and-reduce-injury-risk
#18
Anne Benjaminse, Alli Gokeler, Ariel V Dowling, Avery Faigenbaum, Kevin R Ford, Timothy E Hewett, James A Onate, Bert Otten, Gregory D Myer
Primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention programs effectively reduce ACL injury risk in the short term. Despite these programs, ACL injury incidence is still high, making it imperative to continue to improve current prevention strategies. A potential limitation of current ACL injury prevention training may be a deficit in the transfer of conscious, optimal movement strategies rehearsed during training sessions to automatic movements required for athletic activities and unanticipated events on the field...
March 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25617423/sixty-minutes-of-what-a-developing-brain-perspective-for-activating-children-with-an-integrative-exercise-approach
#19
REVIEW
Gregory D Myer, Avery D Faigenbaum, Nicholas M Edwards, Joseph F Clark, Thomas M Best, Robert E Sallis
Current recommendations for physical activity in children overlook the critical importance of motor skill acquisition early in life. Instead, they focus on the quantitative aspects of physical activity (eg, accumulate 60 min of daily moderate to vigorous physical activity) and selected health-related components of physical fitness (eg, aerobic fitness, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility and body composition). This focus on exercise quantity in youth may limit considerations of qualitative aspects of programme design which include (1) skill development, (2) socialisation and (3) enjoyment of exercise...
December 2015: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25599128/the-relationship-between-competencies-acquired-through-swiss-academic-sports-science-courses-and-the-job-requirements
#20
T Schlesinger, F Studer, S Nagel
In view of the changes in and growing variety of sports-related occupations, it is highly relevant for educational institutions to know how well the educational contents of their sport science courses meet the professional requirements. This study analyses the relationship between the competencies acquired through academic sports science courses and the requirements of the relevant jobs in Switzerland. The data for this empirical analysis were drawn from a sample of n = 1054 graduates of different academic sport science programmes at all eight Swiss universities...
2016: European Journal of Sport Science
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