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Fuhong Cai, Wen Lu, Wuxiong Shi, Sailing He
Spatially-explicit data are essential for remote sensing of ecological phenomena. Lately, recent innovations in mobile device platforms have led to an upsurge in on-site rapid detection. For instance, CMOS chips in smart phones and digital cameras serve as excellent sensors for scientific research. In this paper, a mobile device-based imaging spectrometer module (weighing about 99 g) is developed and equipped on a Single Lens Reflex camera. Utilizing this lightweight module, as well as commonly used photographic equipment, we demonstrate its utility through a series of on-site multispectral imaging, including ocean (or lake) water-color sensing and plant reflectance measurement...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
Carmen G Loiselle, Saima Ahmed
Connected health tools, including mobile phones, incorporate various functions that capture events, direct actions, and make informed decisions based on complex sources of data. Connected health, a term recently proposed by some academics and industry, refers to the development, testing, and integration of smart technology tools into health care. Through these means, connected health creates interconnectivity across various environments, profoundly changing the way we learn, self-regulate, and communicate with one another...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Cailing Chen, Ying Yu, Chunguang Li, Dan Liu, He Huang, Chen Liang, Yue Lou, Yu Han, Zhan Shi, Shouhua Feng
In the information age, it is important to protect the security and integrity of the information. As a result, the fluorescent ink as an antifake technology and the fingermark as an information carrier have aroused great interest. In this work, highly water-soluble lanthanide (Ln(3+) )-doped tetragonal phase (t-) LaVO4 nanoparticles (NPs) are successfully obtained via a simple, fast, and green microwave-assisted hydrothermal method. The average size of t-LaVO4 NPs is about 43 nm. The aqueous solutions of Ln(3+) -doped t-LaVO4 exhibit excellent fluorescence properties under ultraviolet light (UV) excitation (t-LaVO4 :10%Eu is bright red and t-LaVO4 :0...
November 8, 2017: Small
Davut Sahin, Uguray Payam Hacisalihoglu, Saime Hale Kirimlioglu
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to discuss smartphone usage in telecytology and determine intraobserver concordance between microscopic cytopathological diagnoses and diagnoses derived via static smartphone images. METHODS: The study was conducted with 172 cytologic material. A pathologist captured static images of the cytology slides from the ocular lens of a microscope using a smartphone. The images were transferred via WhatsApp® to a cytopathologist working in another center who made all the microscopic cytopathological diagnoses 5-27 months ago...
November 8, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Pattarachaya Preechakasedkit, Weena Siangproh, Nanthika Khongchareonporn, Nattaya Ngamrojanavanich, Orawon Chailapakul
In this study, a novel wax-printed paper-based lateral flow device has been developed as an alternative approach for an automated and one-step enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The design pattern consisted of a non-delayed channel, a wax-delayed channel, a test zone and a control zone. This system was easily fabricated on a nitrocellulose membrane using a wax-printing method and then baked in an oven at 100°C for 1min. The four barriers of the wax-delayed channel could delay the flow time for 11s compared to the flow time of the non-delayed channel...
November 1, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Sucheta Kulkarni, Nilesh Kakade, Rajiv Khandekar, Pravin Narwadkar, M Deshpande
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
M S A Noman Ranak, Saiful Azad, Nur Nadiah Hanim Binti Mohd Nor, Kamal Z Zamli
Due to recent advancements and appealing applications, the purchase rate of smart devices is increasing at a higher rate. Parallely, the security related threats and attacks are also increasing at a greater ratio on these devices. As a result, a considerable number of attacks have been noted in the recent past. To resist these attacks, many password-based authentication schemes are proposed. However, most of these schemes are not screen size independent; whereas, smart devices come in different sizes. Specifically, they are not suitable for miniature smart devices due to the small screen size and/or lack of full sized keyboards...
2017: PloS One
Ellen Frank, Janice Pong, Yashvi Asher, Claudio N Soares
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Depression is a complex and burdensome condition; it often leads to personal, societal and economic costs. Despite advances in treatments, its management over time remains a challenge; many treated for depression do not achieve full recovery or remain well for long. Novel ways to monitor patients are warranted, as well as better understanding of contributors to relapse or sustained wellness. Mobile health technologies (m-Health) are emerging as useful tools for real-time assessments of moods, behaviours and activities in a more convenient and less burdensome manner...
October 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Youngjun Cho, Simon J Julier, Nicolai Marquardt, Nadia Bianchi-Berthouze
The ability to monitor the respiratory rate, one of the vital signs, is extremely important for the medical treatment, healthcare and fitness sectors. In many situations, mobile methods, which allow users to undertake everyday activities, are required. However, current monitoring systems can be obtrusive, requiring users to wear respiration belts or nasal probes. Alternatively, contactless digital image sensor based remote-photoplethysmography (PPG) can be used. However, remote PPG requires an ambient source of light, and does not work properly in dark places or under varying lighting conditions...
October 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
Jo-Anne Hughson, Fiona Marshall, Justin Oliver Daly, Robyn Woodward-Kron, John Hajek, David Story
Objective To identify health literacy issues when providing maternity care to culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) women, and the strategies needed for health professionals to collaboratively address these issues.Methods A qualitative case study design was undertaken at one large metropolitan Australian hospital serving a highly CALD population. Semistructured interviews were conducted with a range of maternity healthcare staff. The data were analysed thematically. The study is informed by a framework of cultural competence education interventions for health professionals and a health literacy framework...
October 30, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Jia-Horng Lin, Bing-Chiuan Shiu, Ching-Wen Lou, Yuan-Jen Chang
In this study, intelligent eco-diapers are made by combining antibacterial yarns coated with quaternary ammonium salts with conductive yarns to improve caretaking for urinary incontinence. The combination of conductive yarns and sensors can detect the moisture content in eco-diapers, and an alarm is sent when moisture is significant. A wireless module is used to send detected signals to a smartphone or tablet PC via the Internet. This concept is used for a scenario in which nurses do not randomly check on patients in a long-term care institution...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
Reed G Williams, David B Swanson, Jonathan P Fryer, Shari L Meyerson, Jordan D Bohnen, Gary L Dunnington, Rebecca E Scully, Mary C Schuller, Brian C George
OBJECTIVE: To establish the number of operative performance observations needed for reproducible assessments of operative competency. BACKGROUND: Surgical training is transitioning from a time-based to a competency-based approach, but the number of assessments needed to reliably establish operative competency remains unknown. METHODS: Using a smart phone based operative evaluation application (SIMPL), residents from 13 general surgery training programs were evaluated performing common surgical procedures...
October 23, 2017: Annals of Surgery
Grahame J Elder, Avya Malik, Kelly Lambert
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) develop positive phosphate balance that is associated with increased cardiovascular risk and mortality. Modification of dietary phosphate is a commonly used strategy to improve outcomes but is complicated by the need for adequate dietary protein. Surprisingly, the evidence for patient-level benefits from phosphate restriction is tenuous, and the justification for using any phosphate binder for pre-dialysis patients is questionable...
October 24, 2017: Nephrology
Paul W Sperduto, Wen Jiang, Paul D Brown, Steve Braunstein, Penny Sneed, Daniel A Wattson, Helen A Shih, Ananta Bangdiwala, Ryan Shanley, Natalie A Lockney, Kathryn Beal, Emil Lou, Thomas Amatruda, William A Sperduto, John P Kirkpatrick, Norman Yeh, Laurie E Gaspar, Jason K Molitoris, Laura Masucci, David Roberge, James Yu, Veronica Chiang, Minesh Mehta
PURPOSE: To update the Diagnosis-Specific Graded Prognostic Assessment (DS-GPA) for a markedly heterogeneous patient population, patients with melanoma and brain metastases, using a larger, more current cohort, including molecular markers. METHODS: The original Melanoma-GPA is based on data from 483 patients whose conditions were diagnosed between 1985 and 2005. This is a multi-institutional retrospective database analysis of 823 melanoma patients with newly diagnosed brain metastases from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2015...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Rohan Banerjee, Anirban Dutta Choudhury, Parijat Deshpande, Sakyajit Bhattacharya, Arpan Pal, K M Mandana
Automatic classification of normal and abnormal heart sounds is a popular area of research. However, building a robust algorithm unaffected by signal quality and patient demography is a challenge. In this paper we have analysed a wide list of Phonocardiogram (PCG) features in time and frequency domain along with morphological and statistical features to construct a robust and discriminative feature set for dataset-agnostic classification of normal and cardiac patients. The large and open access database, made available in Physionet 2016 challenge was used for feature selection, internal validation and creation of training models...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Asghar Tabatabaei Balaei, Philip de Chazal, Joerg Eberhard, Henrik Domnisch, Axel Spahr, Kate Ruiz
Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the supportive tissues and bone surrounding the teeth. In severe cases, it can consequently lead to tooth loss. This disease is most prevalent in rural and remote communities where regular dental visits are limited. Hence, there's a need for a periodontal screening tool for use by allied health professionals outside of dental clinics to detect periodontitis for early referral and intervention. In this paper two algorithms have been proposed and applied on two independently collected datasets in Germany and Australia with 20 and 24 participating subjects respectively; in the first algorithm, intra-oral images of before periodontitis treatment have been considered as diseased subjects and the images of after treatment have been considered as healthy subjects...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Abdullah Ahmed, Waqas Ahmad, Muhammad Jazib Khan, Shoaib Ahmed Siddiqui, Hammad M Cheema
This paper presents a wireless, low power and low cost two part wearable for real-time epileptic seizure detection. Using parameters of Electro-cardiograph (ECG), Electro-dermal Activity (EDA), body motion and breathing rate (BR), a novel multi-criteria-decision-system (MCDS) is proposed that reduces false alarms and true negatives. The combination of a chest and hand worn wearable continuously senses these parameters transmitting the data to a smart phone application via BLE 4.0 where long-short-term-memory (LSTM) based anomaly detection algorithms and logistic classifiers decide on the occurrence of the seizure in real time...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Qianpeng Zheng, Hong Chen
After total hip replacement and total knee replacement, patients are highly recommended to take walking rehabilitation, during which time, the weight loads on the limb should be limited to a certain range, which is difficult for patients to control on their own. To improve the accuracy and reliability of the traditional method for walking rehabilitation, we proposed a monitoring system comprised of pressure sensors, an analog digital converter, a micro-control unit, Bluetooth modules and a smart-phone application...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Hai-Peng Wang, Ai-Wen Guo, Zheng-Yang Bi, Fei Li, Xiao-Ying Lu, Zhi-Gong Wang
In this paper, a surface multi-pad stimulation electrode with selective characteristics was designed, it was safe to use and easy to mount. Then a wearable and distributed multi-pad functional electrical stimulation (FES) prototype combined with sensing, communication and smart technology was designed, which can achieve a fast, intelligent optimization to determine stimulation electrode sites and comfortable stimulation. In addition, in order to improve the application and convenience of FES in the rehabilitation at clinical and home-setting, an Android application (APP) based on smart phone was designed for running an algorithm of searching optimal stimulation site...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Juntao Liu, Zhuang Kong, Yang Wang, Yan Fan, Jinping Luo, Shengwei Xu, Hongyan Jin, Xinxia Cai
Measurement of Luteinizing hormone (LH) levels is of great importance in guidance for pregnancy, diagnosis of ovarian diseases and evaluation of clinical effect. Gold immunochromatographic strip(GICS) assay is a rapid, simple, low-costs, and on-site technology. Quantitative detection of GICS has advantage over the traditional qualitative or semi-quantitative strip assay. In this paper, we developed a novel quantitative detection method for GICS based on smart-phone. First, smart-phone was used to acquire GICS image...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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