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Raviraj Raveendran, William Mcllvaine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Zheng Dai, I G Rosen, Chuming Wang, Nancy Barnett, Susan E Luczak
Alcohol researchers/clinicians have two ways to collect subject /patient field data, standard-drink self-report and the breath analyzer, neither of which is passive or accurate because active subject participation is required. Transdermal alcohol sensors have been developed to measure transdermal alcohol concentration (TAC), but they are used primarily as abstinence monitors because converting TAC into more meaningful blood/breath alcohol concentration (BAC/BrAC) is difficult. In this paper, BAC/BrAC is estimated from TAC by first calibrating forward distributed parameter-based convolution models for ethanol transport from the blood through the skin using patient-collected drinking data for a single drinking episode and a nonlinear pharmacokinetic metabolic absorption/elimination model to estimate BAC...
October 1, 2016: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
Fiona H McKay, Christina Cheng, Annemarie Wright, Jane Shill, Hugh Stephens, Mary Uccellini
INTRODUCTION: Increasing smartphones access has allowed for increasing development and use of smart phone applications (apps). Mobile health interventions have previously relied on voice or text-based short message services (SMS), however, the increasing availability and ease of use of apps has allowed for significant growth of smartphone apps that can be used for health behaviour change. This review considers the current body of knowledge relating to the evaluation of apps for health behaviour change...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Yong Yang, Ana V Diez-Roux
PURPOSE: Studies on how the interaction of psychological and environmental characteristics influences walking are limited, and the results are inconsistent. Our aim is to examine how the attitude toward walking and neighborhood environments interacts to influence walking. DESIGN: Cross-sectional phone and mail survey. SETTING: Participants randomly sampled from 6 study sites including Los Angeles, Chicago, Baltimore, Minneapolis, Manhattan, and Bronx Counties in New York City, and Forsyth and Davidson Counties in North Carolina...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Kathryn V Blake
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Poor adherence to asthma controller medications, particularly inhaled corticosteroids, has been well known for decades and is a major cause of uncontrolled asthma and increased healthcare utilization. This review presents recent evidence on factors leading to nonadherence in specific age groups, parents of young children, adolescents and young adults, adults, and the elderly. Novel management strategies including electronic sensors with associated smart phone applications for adherence improvement are discussed...
October 15, 2016: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Pina Violano, Linda Roney, Kirsten Bechtel
BACKGROUND: Pedestrians distracted by digital devices or other activities are at a higher risk of injury as they cross streets. We sought to describe the incidence of pedestrians distracted by digital devices or other activities at two highly traveled urban intersections after the implementation of a pedestrian safety intervention at one of the intersections. METHODS: This was an observational field study of two urban intersections. Two investigators were stationed at each of the four corners of the intersection...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
Andre Matthias Müller, Stephanie Alley, Stephanie Schoeppe, Corneel Vandelanotte
BACKGROUND: Promoting physical activity and healthy eating is important to combat the unprecedented rise in NCDs in many developing countries. Using modern information-and communication technologies to deliver physical activity and diet interventions is particularly promising considering the increased proliferation of such technologies in many developing countries. The objective of this systematic review is to investigate the effectiveness of e-& mHealth interventions to promote physical activity and healthy diets in developing countries...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Volkan Sen, Ozgu Aydogdu, Tarik Yonguc, Ibrahim Halil Bozkurt, Deniz Bolat
Telemedicine is the use of medical information exchanged from one site to another via electronic communications to improve a patient's clinical health status. Telemedicine includes a growing variety of applications and services using two-way video, email, smart phones, wireless tools and other forms of telecommunications technology. Starting out over forty years ago with demonstrations of hospitals extending care to patients in remote areas, the use of telemedicine has spread rapidly and is now becoming integrated into the ongoing operations of hospitals, specialty departments, home health agencies, private physician offices as well as consumer's homes and workplaces...
October 5, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Ulrike Kulka, Michael Abend, Elizabeth Ainsbury, Christophe Badie, Joan Francesc Barquinero, Lleonard Barrios, Christina Beinke, Emanuela Bortolin, Alexandra Cucu, Andrea De Amicis, Inmaculada Domínguez, Paola Fattibene, Anne Marie Frøvig, Eric Gregoire, Kamile Guogyte, Valeria Hadjidekova, Alicja Jaworska, Ralf Kriehuber, Carita Lindholm, David Lloyd, Katalin Lumniczky, Fiona Lyng, Roberta Meschini, Simone Mörtl, Sara Della Monaca, Octávia Monteiro Gil, Alegria Montoro, Jayne Moquet, Mercedes Moreno, Ursula Oestreicher, Fabrizio Palitti, Gabriel Pantelias, Clarice Patrono, Laure Piqueret-Stephan, Matthias Port, María Jesus Prieto, Roel Quintens, Michelle Ricoul, Horst Romm, Laurence Roy, Géza Sáfrány, Laure Sabatier, Natividad Sebastià, Sylwester Sommer, Georgia Terzoudi, Antonella Testa, Hubert Thierens, Istvan Turai, François Trompier, Marco Valente, Pedro Vaz, Philippe Voisin, Anne Vral, Clemens Woda, Demetre Zafiropoulos, Andrzej Wojcik
PURPOSE: A European network was initiated in 2012 by 23 partners from 16 European countries with the aim to significantly increase individualized dose reconstruction in case of large-scale radiological emergency scenarios. RESULTS: The network was built on three complementary pillars: (1) an operational basis with seven biological and physical dosimetric assays in ready-to-use mode, (2) a basis for education, training and quality assurance, and (3) a basis for further network development regarding new techniques and members...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Jinsung Chun, Byeong Uk Ye, Jae Won Lee, Dukhyun Choi, Chong-Yun Kang, Sang-Woo Kim, Zhong Lin Wang, Jeong Min Baik
For existing triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs), it is important to explore unique methods to further enhance the output power under realistic environments to speed up their commercialization. We report here a practical TENG composed of three layers, in which the key layer, an electric double layer, is inserted between a top layer, made of Al/polydimethylsiloxane, and a bottom layer, made of Al. The efficient charge separation in the middle layer, based on Volta's electrophorus, results from sequential contact configuration of the TENG and direct electrical connection of the middle layer to the earth...
October 5, 2016: Nature Communications
William Campbell, Reid K Hester, Kathryn L Lenberg, Harold D Delaney
BACKGROUND: Despite empirical evidence supporting the use of Web-based interventions for problem drinking, much remains unknown about factors that influence their effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the performance of 2 resources for people who want to achieve and maintain abstinence: SMART Recovery (SR) and Overcoming Addictions (OA). OA is a Web application based on SR. We also examined participant and intervention-related factors hypothesized to impact clinical outcomes of Web-based interventions...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Sarah P Loughran, Md Shahriar Al Hossain, Alan Bentvelzen, Mark Elwood, John Finnie, Joseph Horvat, Steve Iskra, Elena P Ivanova, Jim Manavis, Chathuranga Keerawella Mudiyanselage, Alireza Lajevardipour, Boris Martinac, Robert McIntosh, Raymond McKenzie, Mislav Mustapic, Yoshitaka Nakayama, Elena Pirogova, M Harunur Rashid, Nigel A Taylor, Nevena Todorova, Peter M Wiedemann, Robert Vink, Andrew Wood, Irene Yarovsky, Rodney J Croft
Mobile phone subscriptions continue to increase across the world, with the electromagnetic fields (EMF) emitted by these devices, as well as by related technologies such as Wi-Fi and smart meters, now ubiquitous. This increase in use and consequent exposure to mobile communication (MC)-related EMF has led to concern about possible health effects that could arise from this exposure. Although much research has been conducted since the introduction of these technologies, uncertainty about the impact on health remains...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Marie-Louise Mares, David H Gustafson, Joseph E Glass, Andrew Quanbeck, Helene McDowell, Fiona McTavish, Amy K Atwood, Lisa A Marsch, Chantelle Thomas, Dhavan Shah, Randall Brown, Andrew Isham, Mary Jane Nealon, Victoria Ward
BACKGROUND: Millions of Americans need but don't receive treatment for substance use, and evidence suggests that addiction-focused interventions on smart phones could support their recovery. There is little research on implementation of addiction-related interventions in primary care, particularly in Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) that provide primary care to underserved populations. We used mixed methods to examine three FQHCs' implementation of Seva, a smart-phone app that offers patients online support/discussion, health-tracking, and tools for coping with cravings, and offers clinicians information about patients' health tracking and relapses...
September 29, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Larry J Kricka
Several emerging or disruptive technologies can be identified that might, at some point in the future, displace established laboratory medicine technologies and practices. These include increased automation in the form of robots, 3-D printing, technology convergence (e.g., plug-in glucose meters for smart phones), new point-of-care technologies (e.g., contact lenses with sensors, digital and wireless enabled pregnancy tests) and testing locations (e.g., Retail Health Clinics, new at-home testing formats), new types of specimens (e...
August 2016: EJIFCC
Weiping Wang, Qiang Chang, Qun Li, Zesen Shi, Wei Chen
In the era of mobile internet, Location Based Services (LBS) have developed dramatically. Seamless Indoor and Outdoor Navigation and Localization (SNAL) has attracted a lot of attention. No single positioning technology was capable of meeting the various positioning requirements in different environments. Selecting different positioning techniques for different environments is an alternative method. Detecting the users' current environment is crucial for this technique. In this paper, we proposed to detect the indoor/outdoor environment automatically without high energy consumption...
2016: Sensors
Leslie A Hamilton, Andrea Franks, R Eric Heidel, Sharon L K McDonough, Katie J Suda
Objective. To assess student preferences regarding online learning and technology and to evaluate student pharmacists' social media use for educational purposes. Methods. An anonymous 36-question online survey was administered to third-year student pharmacists enrolled in the Drug Information and Clinical Literature Evaluation course. Results. Four hundred thirty-one students completed the survey, yielding a 96% response rate. The majority of students used technology for academic activities, with 90% using smart phones and 91% using laptop computers...
August 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Zaid Sayedalamin, Abdulaziz Alshuaibi, Osama Almutairi, Mariam Baghaffar, Tahir Jameel, Mukhtiar Baig
INTRODUCTION: The present study explored the utility, attitude, and trends regarding Smartphone related Medical Applications (Apps) among medical students of King Abdulaziz University (KAU) Jeddah, Saudi Arabia (SA) and their perceptions of the impact of Medical Apps in their training activities. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This survey was conducted at the Faculty of Medicine, Jeddah, and Rabigh campuses, KAU, Jeddah, SA. All participants were medical students of 2nd to 6th year...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Sheila J Bosch, Arsalan Gharaveis
Accessible tourism is a growing market within the travel industry, but little research has focused on travel barriers for older adults who may be experiencing visual and cognitive decline as part of the normal aging process, illness, or other disabling conditions. Travel barriers, such as difficulty finding one's way throughout an airport, may adversely affect older adults' travel experience, thereby reducing their desire to travel. This review of the literature investigates wayfinding strategies to ensure that older passengers who have planned to travel independently can do so with dignity...
January 2017: Applied Ergonomics
Brigid A Knight, H David McIntyre, Ingrid J Hickman, Marina Noud
BACKGROUND: Modern flexible multiple daily injection (MDI) therapy requires people with diabetes to manage complex mathematical calculations to determine insulin doses on a day to day basis. Automated bolus calculators assist with these calculations, add additional functionality to protect against hypoglycaemia and enhance the record keeping process, however uptake and use depends on the devices meeting the needs of the user. We aimed to obtain user feedback on the usability of a mobile phone bolus calculator application in adults with T1DM to inform future development of mobile phone diabetes support applications...
September 15, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Natasha Noble, Christine Paul, Robert Sanson-Fisher, Heidi Turon, Nicole Turner, Katherine Conigrave
BACKGROUND: Socially disadvantaged groups, such as Aboriginal Australians, tend to have a high prevalence of multiple lifestyle risk factors, increasing the risk of disease and underscoring the need for services to address multiple health behaviours. The aims of this study were to explore, among a socially disadvantaged group of people attending an Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service (ACCHS): a) readiness to change health behaviours; b) acceptability of addressing multiple risk factors sequentially or simultaneously; and c) preferred types of support services...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
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