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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108871/quantitative-spm-analysis-involving-an-adaptive-template-may-be-easily-applied-to-18-f-fdg-pet-images-of-the-rat-brain
#1
Sylvain Poussier, Fatiha Maskali, Gaelle Vexiau, Antoine Verger, Henri Boutley, Gilles Karcher, Emmanuel Raffo, Pierre-Yves Marie
PURPOSE: The Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM) software is frequently used for the quantitative analysis of patients' brain images obtained from 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography ([(18)F]FDG PET). However, its adaptation to small animals is difficult, particularly for the initial step of spatial normalization which requires a specific brain anatomical template. This study was aimed at determining whether SPM analysis can be applied to rat, and more specifically to the lithium-pilocarpine model of epilepsy, by using an adaptive template...
January 20, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108430/remote-monitoring-of-patients-with-heart-failure-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#2
REVIEW
Nazli Bashi, Mohanraj Karunanithi, Farhad Fatehi, Hang Ding, Darren Walters
BACKGROUND: Many systematic reviews exist on the use of remote patient monitoring (RPM) interventions to improve clinical outcomes and psychological well-being of patients with heart failure. However, research is broadly distributed from simple telephone-based to complex technology-based interventions. The scope and focus of such evidence also vary widely, creating challenges for clinicians who seek information on the effect of RPM interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of RPM interventions on the health outcomes of patients with heart failure by synthesizing review-level evidence...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107830/enhanced-aerodynamic-reach-of-vapor-and-aerosol-sampling-for-real-time-mass-spectrometric-detection-using-venturi-assisted-entrainment-and-ionization
#3
Thomas P Forbes, Matthew Staymates
Venturi-assisted ENTrainment and Ionization (VENTI) was developed, demonstrating efficient entrainment, collection, and transport of remotely sampled vapors, aerosols, and dust particulate for real-time mass spectrometry (MS) detection. Integrating the Venturi and Coandă effects at multiple locations generated flow and analyte transport from non-proximate locations and more importantly enhanced the aerodynamic reach at the point of collection. Transport through remote sampling probes up to 2.5 m in length was achieved with residence times on the order of 10(-2) s to 10(-1) s and Reynolds numbers on the order of 10(3) to 10(4)...
March 8, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106832/plaimos-a-remote-mobile-healthcare-platform-to-monitor-cardiovascular-and-respiratory-variables
#4
Ramses Miramontes, Raúl Aquino, Arturo Flores, Guillermo Rodríguez, Rafael Anguiano, Arturo Ríos, Arthur Edwards
The number of elderly and chronically ill patients has grown significantly over the past few decades as life expectancy has increased worldwide, leading to increased demands on the health care system and significantly taxing traditional health care practices. Consequently, there is an urgent need to use technology to innovate and more constantly and intensely monitor, report and analyze critical patient physiological parameters beyond conventional clinical settings in a more efficient and cost effective manner...
January 19, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106819/modeling-aboveground-biomass-in-hulunber-grassland-ecosystem-by-using-unmanned-aerial-vehicle-discrete-lidar
#5
Dongliang Wang, Xiaoping Xin, Quanqin Shao, Matthew Brolly, Zhiliang Zhu, Jin Chen
Accurate canopy structure datasets, including canopy height and fractional cover, are required to monitor aboveground biomass as well as to provide validation data for satellite remote sensing products. In this study, the ability of an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) discrete light detection and ranging (lidar) was investigated for modeling both the canopy height and fractional cover in Hulunber grassland ecosystem. The extracted mean canopy height, maximum canopy height, and fractional cover were used to estimate the aboveground biomass...
January 19, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104096/telemedicine-in-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Guixia Wang, Zhengyun Zhang, Yakun Feng, Lin Sun, Xianchao Xiao, Gang Wang, Yuan Gao, Huan Wang, Hong Zhang, Yufeng Deng, Chenglin Sun
OBJECTIVE: To explore a model of Internet-based integrated management of diabetes, we established a remote diabetes medical service platform (U-Healthcare) and evaluated its effectiveness and practicality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 212 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were randomly assigned to 2 groups. Data from the intervention group were automatically transmitted through a glucometer; furthermore, this group received information regarding medicines, diet, exercise and other management through U-Healthcare...
January 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099965/pilot-test-of-a-new-personal-health-system-integrating-environmental-and-wearable-sensors-for-telemonitoring-and-care-of-elderly-people-at-home-smarta-project
#7
Lucia Pigini, Gabriele Bovi, Claudia Panzarino, Valerio Gower, Maurizio Ferratini, Giuseppe Andreoni, Roberto Sassi, Massimo W Rivolta, Maurizio Ferrarin
BACKGROUND: The increase in life expectancy is accompanied by a growing number of elderly subjects affected by chronic comorbidities, a health issue which also implies important socioeconomic consequences. Shifting from hospital or community dwelling care towards a home personalized healthcare paradigm would promote active aging with a better quality of life, along with a reduction in healthcare-related costs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the SMARTA project was to develop and test an innovative personal health system integrating standard sensors as well as innovative wearable and environmental sensors to allow home telemonitoring of vital parameters and detection of anomalies in daily activities, thus supporting active aging through remote healthcare...
January 19, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095555/megasessions-for-robotic-hair-restoration
#8
Joa O Carlos Pereira, Joa O Carlos Pereira Filho, Joa O Pedro Cabrera Pereira
A robotic system can select and remove individual hair follicles from the donor area with great precision and without fatigue. This report describes the use of the robotic system in a megasession for hair restoration. Patients were instructed to cut their hair to 1.0 to 1.2 mm before surgery. The robot selected and removed 600 to 800 grafts per hour so the follicular units (FU)s could be transplanted manually to recipient sites. The robot arm consists of a sharp inner punch and a blunt outer punch which together separate FUs from the sur- rounding tissue...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093379/the-epital-care-model-a-new-person-centered-model-of-technology-enabled-integrated-care-for-people-with-long-term-conditions
#9
Klaus Phanareth, Søren Vingtoft, Anders Skovbo Christensen, Jakob Sylvest Nielsen, Jørgen Svenstrup, Gro Karine Rosvold Berntsen, Stanton Peter Newman, Lars Kayser
BACKGROUND: There is worldwide recognition that the future provision of health care requires a reorganization of provision of care, with increased empowerment and engagement of patients, along with skilled health professionals delivering services that are coordinated across sectors and organizations that provide health care. Technology may be a way to enable the creation of a coherent, cocreative, person-centered method to provide health care for individuals with one or more long-term conditions (LTCs)...
January 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093314/remote-sensing-of-multiple-vital-signs-using-a-cmos-camera-equipped-infrared-thermography-system-and-its-clinical-application-in-rapidly-screening-patients-with-suspected-infectious-diseases
#10
Guanghao Sun, Yosuke Nakayama, Sumiyakhand Dagdanpurev, Shigeto Abe, Hidekazu Nishimura, Tetsuo Kirimoto, Takemi Matsui
BACKGROUND: Infrared thermography (IRT) is used to screen febrile passengers at international airports, but it suffers from low sensitivity. This study explored the application of a combined visible and thermal image processing approach that used a CMOS camera equipped with IRT to remotely sense multiple vital signs and screen patients with suspected infectious diseases. METHODS: An IRT system that produced visible and thermal images was used for image acquisition...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092966/avian-influenza-prevalence-among-hunter-harvested-birds-in-a-remote-canadian-first-nation-community
#11
Eric N Liberda, Richard Meldrum, Nadia A Charania, Robert Davey, Leonard Js Tsuji
INTRODUCTION: Avian influenza virus (AIV) prevalence has been associated with wild game and other bird species. The contamination of these birds may pose a greater risk to those who regularly hunt and consumed infected species. Due to resident concerns communicated by local Band Council, hunter-harvested birds from a remote First Nation community in subArctic Ontario, Canada were assessed for AIV. Hunters, and especially those who live a subsistence lifestyle, are at higher risk of AIV exposure due to their increased contact with wild birds, which represent an important part of their diet...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091610/evaluation-of-hyperspectral-lidar-for-monitoring-rice-leaf-nitrogen-by-comparison-with-multispectral-lidar-and-passive-spectrometer
#12
Jia Sun, Shuo Shi, Wei Gong, Jian Yang, Lin Du, Shalei Song, Biwu Chen, Zhenbing Zhang
Fast and nondestructive assessment of leaf nitrogen concentration (LNC) is critical for crop growth diagnosis and nitrogen management guidance. In the last decade, multispectral LiDAR (MSL) systems have promoted developments in the earth and ecological sciences with the additional spectral information. With more wavelengths than MSL, the hyperspectral LiDAR (HSL) system provides greater possibilities for remote sensing crop physiological conditions. This study compared the performance of ASD FieldSpec Pro FR, MSL, and HSL for estimating rice (Oryza sativa) LNC...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081144/digital-health-tracking-physiomes-and-activity-using-wearable-biosensors-reveals-useful-health-related-information
#13
Xiao Li, Jessilyn Dunn, Denis Salins, Gao Zhou, Wenyu Zhou, Sophia Miryam Schüssler-Fiorenza Rose, Dalia Perelman, Elizabeth Colbert, Ryan Runge, Shannon Rego, Ria Sonecha, Somalee Datta, Tracey McLaughlin, Michael P Snyder
A new wave of portable biosensors allows frequent measurement of health-related physiology. We investigated the use of these devices to monitor human physiological changes during various activities and their role in managing health and diagnosing and analyzing disease. By recording over 250,000 daily measurements for up to 43 individuals, we found personalized circadian differences in physiological parameters, replicating previous physiological findings. Interestingly, we found striking changes in particular environments, such as airline flights (decreased peripheral capillary oxygen saturation [SpO2] and increased radiation exposure)...
January 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078546/postoperative-real-time-electrocardiography-monitoring-detects-myocardial-ischemia-a-case-report
#14
Homer Yang, Ashraf Fayad, Alan Chaput, Stuart Oake, Adrian D C Chan, Mary Lou Crossan
PURPOSE: This case report outlines the utility and challenges of remote continuous postoperative electrocardiography ECG) monitoring, which is routed through a secure smartphone to provide real-time detection and management of myocardial ischemia. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 42-yr-old male with previous myocardial infarction and angioplasty underwent a radical prostatectomy. At three hours and 45 min postoperatively, remote real-time ECG monitoring was initiated upon the patient's arrival on a regular surgical ward...
January 11, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078090/the-effect-of-ongoing-feedback-on-physical-activity-levels-following-an-exercise-intervention-in-older-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#15
Katie-Jane Brickwood, Stuart T Smith, Greig Watson, Andrew D Williams
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity ranks as a major contributing factor in the development and progression of chronic disease. Lifestyle interventions reduce the progression of chronic disease, however, compliance decreases over time and health effects only persist as long as the new lifestyle is maintained. Telephone counselling (TC) is an effective way to provide individuals with ongoing support to maintain lifestyle changes. Remote physical activity monitoring and feedback (RAMF) via interactive technologies such as activity trackers and smartphones may be a cost-effective alternative to TC, however, this comparison has not been made...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077564/blend4php-a-php-api-for-galaxy
#16
Connor Wytko, Brian Soto, Stephen P Ficklin
Galaxy is a popular framework for execution of complex analytical pipelines typically for large data sets, and is a commonly used for (but not limited to) genomic, genetic and related biological analysis. It provides a web front-end and integrates with high performance computing resources. Here we report the development of the blend4php library that wraps Galaxy's RESTful API into a PHP-based library. PHP-based web applications can use blend4php to automate execution, monitoring and management of a remote Galaxy server, including its users, workflows, jobs and more...
2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076861/potential-applications-of-smart-multifunctional-wearable-materials-to-gerontology
#17
David G Armstrong, Bijan Najafi, Mohsen Shahinpoor
Smart multifunctional materials can play a constructive role in addressing some very important aging-related issues. Aging affects the ability of older adults to continue to live safely and economically in their own residences for as long as possible. Thus, there will be a greater need for preventive, acute, rehabilitative, and long-term health care services for older adults as well as a need for tools to enable them to function independently during daily activities. The objective of this paper is, thus, to present a comprehensive review of some potential smart materials and their areas of applications to gerontology...
January 12, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073829/dutpase-dut-is-mutated-in-a-novel-monogenic-syndrome-with-diabetes-and-bone-marrow-failure
#18
Reinaldo Sousa Dos Santos, Mathilde Daures, Anne Philippi, Sophie Romero, Lorella Marselli, Piero Marchetti, Valérie Senée, Delphine Bacq, Céline Besse, Baz Baz, Laura Marroquí, Sarah Ivanoff, Julien Masliah-Planchon, Marc Nicolino, Jean Soulier, Gérard Socié, Decio L Eizirik, Jean-François Gautier, Cécile Julier
We describe a new syndrome characterized by early onset diabetes mellitus, associated with bone marrow failure affecting mostly the erythrocytic lineage. Using whole exome sequencing in a remotely consanguineous patient from a family with two affected siblings, we identified a single homozygous missense mutation (chr15.hg19:g.48,626,619A>G) located in the dUTPase (DUT) gene (NCBI Gene ID: 1854), affecting both the mitochondrial (DUT-M p.Y142C) and the nuclear (DUT-N p.Y54C) isoforms. We found the same homozygous mutation in an unrelated consanguineous patient with diabetes and bone marrow aplasia from a family with two affected siblings, while none of the >60,000 subjects from the Exome Aggregation Consortium (ExAC) was homozygous for this mutation...
January 10, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073445/distribution-and-dynamics-of-two-species-of-dinophyceae-producing-high-biomass-blooms-over-the-french-atlantic-shelf
#19
M Sourisseau, K Jegou, M Lunven, J Quere, F Gohin, P Bryere
The frequency and distribution of high biomass blooms produced by two dinoflagellate species were analysed along the French continental shelf from 1998 to 2012. Two species were specifically studied: Karenia mikimotoi and Lepidodinium chlorophorum. Based on remote-sensing reflectances at six channels (410, 430, 480, 530, 550 and 670nm), satellite indices were created to discriminate the species forming the blooms. A comparison with observations showed that the identification was good for both species in spite of a lower specificity for L...
March 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073443/a-hab-warning-system-for-shellfish-harvesting-in-portugal
#20
A Silva, L Pinto, S M Rodrigues, H de Pablo, M Santos, T Moita, M Mateus
The development of sustainable shellfish aquaculture is highly dependent on the provision of reliable monitoring and predictive information on the occurrence of harmful algal blooms (HABs). The Portuguese HAB early warning system and shellfish closures presented here is a prototype, developed in the ASIMUTH project. It relies on weekly monitoring data composed of observations of HAB species and toxin concentrations within shellfish, and ocean circulation forecasts generated by an operational oceanographic model...
March 2016: Harmful Algae
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