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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346430/estimation-of-inhalation-flow-profile-using-audio-based-methods-to-assess-inhaler-medication-adherence
#1
Terence E Taylor, Helena Lacalle Muls, Richard W Costello, Richard B Reilly
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients are required to inhale forcefully and deeply to receive medication when using a dry powder inhaler (DPI). There is a clinical need to objectively monitor the inhalation flow profile of DPIs in order to remotely monitor patient inhalation technique. Audio-based methods have been previously employed to accurately estimate flow parameters such as the peak inspiratory flow rate of inhalations, however, these methods required multiple calibration inhalation audio recordings...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342243/devices-in-heart-failure-diagnosis-detection-and-disease-modification
#2
John Gierula, Mark T Kearney, Klaus K Witte
Introduction/background: Implantable cardiac devices are widely used in chronic heart failure (CHF) therapy. This review covers current CHF treatment with electronic cardiac devices, areas of discussion and emerging technologies. Sources of data: A comprehensive search of available literature resources including Pubmed, MEDLINE and EMBASE was performed. National and international guidelines were accessed. Areas of agreement: Excessive right ventricular pacing is detrimental to cardiac function...
January 12, 2018: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342101/a-novel-methodology-for-improving-plant-pest-surveillance-in-vineyards-and-crops-using-uav-based-hyperspectral-and-spatial-data
#3
Fernando Vanegas, Dmitry Bratanov, Kevin Powell, John Weiss, Felipe Gonzalez
Recent advances in remote sensed imagery and geospatial image processing using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have enabled the rapid and ongoing development of monitoring tools for crop management and the detection/surveillance of insect pests. This paper describes a (UAV) remote sensing-based methodology to increase the efficiency of existing surveillance practices (human inspectors and insect traps) for detecting pest infestations (e.g., grape phylloxera in vineyards). The methodology uses a UAV integrated with advanced digital hyperspectral, multispectral, and RGB sensors...
January 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341843/smart-care-based-on-telemonitoring-and-telemedicine-for-type-2-diabetes-care-multi-center-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Ji Yun Jeong, Jae-Han Jeon, Kwi-Hyun Bae, Yeon-Kyung Choi, Keun-Gyu Park, Jung-Guk Kim, Kyu Chang Won, Bong Soo Cha, Chul Woo Ahn, Dong Won Kim, Chang Hee Lee, In-Kyu Lee
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to determine the effectiveness of the Smart Care service on glucose control based on telemedicine and telemonitoring compared with conventional treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This 24-week prospective multi-center randomized controlled trial involved 338 adult patients with type 2 diabetes at four university hospitals in South Korea. The patients were randomly assigned to a control group (group A, n = 113), a telemonitoring group (group B, n = 113), or a telemedicine group (group C, n = 112)...
January 17, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340327/trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-reduces-rates-of-melioidosis-in-high-risk-hemodialysis-patients
#5
Sandawana William Majoni, Jaquelyne T Hughes, Bianca Heron, Bart J Currie
Introduction: Melioidosis causes sepsis and death in the Top End of Northern Australia during the monsoonal wet season. Dialysis-dependent adults suffer higher melioidosis rates compared to low rates among renal transplant patients who routinely receive trimethoprim+sulfamethoxazole prophylaxis. Methods: We performed a prospective interventional study to determine the efficacy and safety of daily trimethoprim+sulfamethoxazole prophylaxis in hemodialysis patients during the wet season, from 1 November 2014 to 30 April 2015...
January 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337892/improving-remote-health-monitoring-a-low-complexity-ecg-compression-approach
#6
Mohamed Elgendi, Abdulla Al-Ali, Amr Mohamed, Rabab Ward
Recent advances in mobile technology have created a shift towards using battery-driven devices in remote monitoring settings and smart homes. Clinicians are carrying out diagnostic and screening procedures based on the electrocardiogram (ECG) signals collected remotely for outpatients who need continuous monitoring. High-speed transmission and analysis of large recorded ECG signals are essential, especially with the increased use of battery-powered devices. Exploring low-power alternative compression methodologies that have high efficiency and that enable ECG signal collection, transmission, and analysis in a smart home or remote location is required...
January 16, 2018: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336565/appearances-of-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant-derived-137cs-in-coastal-waters-around-japan-results-from-marine-monitoring-off-nuclear-power-plants-and-facilities-1983-2016
#7
Hyoe Takata, Masashi Kusakabe, Naohiko Inatomi, Takahito Ikenoue
Monitoring of 137Cs in seawater in coastal areas around Japan between 1983 and 2016 yielded new insights into the sources and transport of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP)-derived 137Cs, particularly along the west coast of Japan. Before the FDNPP accident (1983-2010), the activity concentrations of 137Cs, mainly from fallout, were decreasing exponentially. Effective 137Cs half-lives in surface seawater ranged from 15.6 to 18.4 yr. After the FDNPP accident (March 2011) 137Cs activity concentrations in seawater off Fukushima and neighboring prefectures immediately increased...
January 16, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334953/care-relationships-at-stake-home-healthcare-professionals-experiences-with-digital-medicine-dispensers-a-qualitative-study
#8
Sigrid Nakrem, Marit Solbjør, Ida Nilstad Pettersen, Hanne Hestvik Kleiven
BACKGROUND: Although digital technologies can mitigate the burdens of home healthcare services caused by an ageing population that lives at home longer with complex health problems, research on the impacts and consequences of digitalised remote communication between patients and caregivers is lacking. The present study explores how home healthcare professionals had experienced the introduction of digital medicine dispensers and their influence on patient-caregiver relationships. METHODS: The multi-case study comprised semi-structured interviews with 21 healthcare professionals whose home healthcare service involved using the digital medicine dispensers...
January 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330154/novel-wearable-seismocardiography-and-machine-learning-algorithms-can-assess-clinical-status-of-heart-failure-patients
#9
Omer T Inan, Maziyar Baran Pouyan, Abdul Q Javaid, Sean Dowling, Mozziyar Etemadi, Alexis Dorier, J Alex Heller, A Ozan Bicen, Shuvo Roy, Teresa De Marco, Liviu Klein
BACKGROUND: Remote monitoring of patients with heart failure (HF) using wearable devices can allow patient-specific adjustments to treatments and thereby potentially reduce hospitalizations. We aimed to assess HF state using wearable measurements of electrical and mechanical aspects of cardiac function in the context of exercise. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with compensated (outpatient) and decompensated (hospitalized) HF were fitted with a wearable ECG and seismocardiogram sensing patch...
January 2018: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326098/cognitive-and-behavioral-skills-exercises-completed-by-patients-with-major-depression-during-smartphone-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Toshi A Furukawa, Masaru Horikoshi, Hirokazu Fujita, Naohisa Tsujino, Ran Jinnin, Yuki Kako, Sei Ogawa, Hirotoshi Sato, Nobuki Kitagawa, Yoshihiro Shinagawa, Yoshio Ikeda, Hissei Imai, Aran Tajika, Yusuke Ogawa, Tatsuo Akechi, Mitsuhiko Yamada, Shinji Shimodera, Norio Watanabe, Masatoshi Inagaki, Akio Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: A strong and growing body of evidence has demonstrated the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), either face-to-face, in person, or as self-help via the Internet, for depression. However, CBT is a complex intervention consisting of several putatively effective components, and how each component may or may not contribute to the overall effectiveness of CBT is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate how the users of smartphone CBT use and benefit from various components of the program...
January 11, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326095/development-of-a-maternal-newborn-and-child-mhealth-intervention-in-thai-nguyen-province-vietnam-protocol-for-the-mmom-project
#11
Bronwyn McBride, Liem Thanh Nguyen, David Wiljer, Nguyen C Vu, Cuong K Nguyen, John O'Neil
BACKGROUND: Ethnic minority women (EMW) living in mountainous areas of northern Vietnam have disproportionately high infant and maternal mortality rates as a result of low maternal health knowledge, poverty, and remoteness from low-capacity health centers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the protocol for the development and evaluation of the mMom intervention, which is an integrated mobile health (mHealth) system designed to improve maternal and infant health knowledge, and behavior among women in remote areas of Thai Nguyen, Vietnam...
January 11, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321493/noncontact-and-instant-detection-of-phosphor-temperature-in-phosphor-converted-white-leds
#12
Tsung-Hsun Yang, Hsu-Yi Huang, Ching-Cherng Sun, Benoît Glorieux, Xuan-Hao Lee, Yeh-Wei Yu, Te-Yuan Chung
Phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes (pc-WLEDs) have become a major light source in general lighting. To stabilize the photometric characteristics of pc-WLEDs, much effort has been made to manage the heat dissipation of the LED dies. The thermal problems of the phosphor parts, a critical reliability concern for pc-WLEDs, have recently attracted academic interest. This study proposed a practical approach for measuring phosphor temperature in an operating pc-WLED using a noncontact, instant detection method to remotely monitor the emission spectrum...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320466/an-efficient-wireless-sensor-network-for-industrial-monitoring-and-control
#13
Juan Aponte-Luis, Juan Antonio Gómez-Galán, Fernando Gómez-Bravo, Manuel Sánchez-Raya, Javier Alcina-Espigado, Pedro Miguel Teixido-Rovira
This paper presents the design of a wireless sensor network particularly designed for remote monitoring and control of industrial parameters. The article describes the network components, protocol and sensor deployment, aimed to accomplish industrial constraint and to assure reliability and low power consumption. A particular case of study is presented. The system consists of a base station, gas sensing nodes, a tree-based routing scheme for the wireless sensor nodes and a real-time monitoring application that operates from a remote computer and a mobile phone...
January 10, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320436/the-feasibility-and-usability-of-runningcoach-a-remote-coaching-system-for-long-distance-runners
#14
Daniel Aranki, Gao Xian Peh, Gregorij Kurillo, Ruzena Bajcsy
Studies have shown that about half of the injuries sustained during long-distance running involve the knee. Cadence (steps per minute) has been identified as a factor that is strongly associated with these running-related injuries, making it a worthwhile candidate for further study. As such, it is critical for long-distance runners to minimize their risk of injury by running at an appropriate running cadence. In this paper, we present the results of a study on the feasibility and usability of RunningCoach, a mobile health (mHealth) system that remotely monitors running cadence levels of runners in a continuous fashion, among other variables, and provides immediate feedback to runners in an effort to help them optimize their running cadence...
January 10, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318836/-study-of-extracting-peucedanum-praeruptorum-planted-area-in-ningguo-of-anhui-province-based-on-multi-source-and-multi-phase-image
#15
Ting-Ting Shi, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Ke Zhang, Lan-Ping Guo, Lu-Qi Huang
The herbs used as the material for traditional Chinese medicine are always planted in the mountainous area where the natural environment is suitable. As the mountain terrain is complex and the distribution of planting plots is scattered, the traditional survey method is difficult to obtain accurate planting area. It is of great significance to provide decision support for the conservation and utilization of traditional Chinese medicine resources by studying the method of extraction of Chinese herbal medicine planting area based on remote sensing and realizing the dynamic monitoring and reserve estimation of Chinese herbal medicines...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318835/-study-on-extraction-method-of-panax-notoginseng-plots-in-wenshan-of-yunnan-province-based-on-decision-tree-model
#16
Ting-Ting Shi, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Lan-Ping Guo, Lu-Qi Huang
The herbs used as the material for traditional Chinese medicine are always planted in the mountainous area where the natural environment is suitable. As the mountain terrain is complex and the distribution of planting plots is scattered, the traditional survey method is difficult to obtain accurate planting area. It is of great significance to provide decision support for the conservation and utilization of traditional Chinese medicine resources by studying the method of extraction of Chinese herbal medicine planting area based on remote sensing and realizing the dynamic monitoring and reserve estimation of Chinese herbal medicines...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318820/-detection-and-analysis-of-effect-of-geographical-environmental-factors-on-spatial-distribution-of-artemisinic-acid-in-artemisia-annua
#17
Ting-Ting Shi, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Lan-Ping Guo, Hui Wang, Zhi-Xian Jing, Lu-Qi Huang
Dao-di herbs are preferred by long-term clinical application of Chinese medicine, they are produced in a specific area and affected by the specific production and processing methods. Dao-di herbs have a high reputation, compared with other regions produced by the same kind of herbs with good quality, good efficacy and stable quality characteristics. Geo-herbal is a unique concept that has been formed by the history of Chinese civilization for thousands of years and the history of Chinese medicine. According to the definition of geo-herbal, it can be seen that there are some differences in the quality and efficacy of the same kind of medicinal herbs in different regions, and there is some similarity in the specific area...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315219/proposal-of-a-method-to-determine-the-correlation-between-total-suspended-solids-and-dissolved-organic-matter-in-water-bodies-from-spectral-imaging-and-artificial-neural-networks
#18
Maurício R Veronez, Lucas S Kupssinskü, Tainá T Guimarães, Emilie C Koste, Juarez M da Silva, Laís V de Souza, William F M Oliverio, Rogélio S Jardim, Ismael É Koch, Jonas G de Souza, Luiz Gonzaga, Frederico F Mauad, Leonardo C Inocencio, Fabiane Bordin
Water quality monitoring through remote sensing with UAVs is best conducted using multispectral sensors; however, these sensors are expensive. We aimed to predict multispectral bands from a low-cost sensor (R, G, B bands) using artificial neural networks (ANN). We studied a lake located on the campus of Unisinos University, Brazil, using a low-cost sensor mounted on a UAV. Simultaneously, we collected water samples during the UAV flight to determine total suspended solids (TSS) and dissolved organic matter (DOM)...
January 9, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310752/transition-to-adult-care-for-aboriginal-children-with-rheumatic-fever-a-review-informed-by-a-focussed-ethnography-in-northern-australia
#19
Alice G Mitchell, Suzanne Belton, Vanessa Johnston, Anna P Ralph
Aboriginal children in northern Australia have high rates of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease, which are chronic conditions because of the need for long-term treatment and monitoring. This article critically reviews the literature on transition to adult care for children with chronic conditions and considers applicability to the care of these children. The review was merged with findings from a focussed ethnography conducted in four remote Aboriginal communities with young people who have these conditions...
January 9, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308698/effectiveness-of-manual-therapy-on-pain-and-self-reported-function-in-individuals-with-patellofemoral-pain-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Brian J Eckenrode, David M Kietrys, J Scott Parrott
Study Design Systematic literature review with meta-analysis. Background Management of patellofemoral pain (PFP) may include the utilization of manual therapy (MT) techniques to the patellofemoral joint, surrounding soft tissues, and/or lumbospelvic region. Objectives To determine the effectiveness of MT, either used alone or as an adjunct intervention, compared to standard treatment or sham, for reducing pain and improving self-report function in individuals with PFP. Methods An electronic literature search (PubMed, OVID, CENTRAL, and CINAHL databases) was conducted for studies investigating MT for individuals with PFP...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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