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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778886/perspectives-of-uv-nowcasting-to-monitor-personal-pro-health-outdoor-activities
#1
Janusz W Krzyścin, Aleksandra Lesiak, Joanna Narbutt, Piotr Sobolewski, Jakub Guzikowski
Nowcasting model for online monitoring of personal outdoor behaviour is proposed. It is envisaged that it will provide an effective e-tool used by smartphone users. The model could estimate maximum duration of safe (without erythema risk) outdoor activity. Moreover, there are options to estimate duration of sunbathing to get adequate amount of vitamin D3 and doses necessary for the antipsoriatic heliotherapy. The application requires information of starting time of sunbathing and the user's phototype. At the beginning the user will be informed of the approximate duration of sunbathing required to get the minimum erythemal dose, adequate amount of vitamin D3 , and the dose necessary for the antipsoriatic heliotherapy...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777373/safety-and-feasibility-of-pulmonary-artery-pressure-guided-heart-failure-therapy-rationale-and-design-of-the-prospective-cardiomems-monitoring-study-for-heart-failure-mems-hf
#2
Christiane E Angermann, Birgit Assmus, Stefan D Anker, Johannes Brachmann, Georg Ertl, Friedrich Köhler, Stephan Rosenkranz, Carsten Tschöpe, Philip B Adamson, Michael Böhm
BACKGROUND: Wireless monitoring of pulmonary artery (PA) pressures with the CardioMEMS HF™ system is indicated in patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III heart failure (HF). Randomized and observational trials have shown a reduction in HF-related hospitalizations and improved quality of life in patients using this device in the United States. OBJECTIVE: MEMS-HF is a prospective, non-randomized, open-label, multicenter study to characterize safety and feasibility of using remote PA pressure monitoring in a real-world setting in Germany, The Netherlands and Ireland...
May 19, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773575/measuring-physical-activity-with-implanted-cardiac-devices-a-systematic-review
#3
Lindsey Rosman, Rachel Lampert, Samuel F Sears, Matthew M Burg
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is predictive of cardiovascular outcomes in patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices, yet it is not regularly assessed in routine care. Current-generation cardiovascular implantable electronic devices, however, continuously monitor patient activity through a built-in accelerometer, which provides new opportunities to remotely assess patient activity, detect changes in clinical status, and incorporate these data in risk stratification models...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773529/development-of-a-just-in-time-adaptive-mhealth-intervention-for-insomnia-usability-study
#4
I Wayan Pulantara, Bambang Parmanto, Anne Germain
BACKGROUND: Healthy sleep is a fundamental component of physical and brain health. Insomnia, however, is a prevalent sleep disorder that compromises functioning, productivity, and health. Therefore, developing efficient treatment delivery methods for insomnia can have significant societal and personal health impacts. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI) is the recommended first-line treatment of insomnia but access is currently limited for patients, since treatment must occur in specialty sleep clinics, which suffer from an insufficient number of trained clinicians...
May 17, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772888/mapping-malaria-risk-using-geographic-information-systems-and-remote-sensing-the-case-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#5
Amare Sewnet Minale, Kalkidan Alemu
The main objective of this study was to develop a malaria risk map for Bahir Dar City, Amhara, which is situated south of Lake Tana on the Ethiopian plateau. Rainfall, temperature, altitude, slope and land use/land cover (LULC), as well as proximity measures to lake, river and health facilities, were investigated using remote sensing and geographical information systems. The LULC variable was derived from a 2012 SPOT satellite image by supervised classification, while 30-m spatial resolution measurements of altitude and slope came from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770669/-design-and-implementation-of-field-questionnaire-survey-system-of-taeniasis-cysticercosis
#6
Li Huan-Zhang, Xue Jing-Bo, Qian Men-Bao, Zang Xin-Zhong, Xia Shang, Wang Qiang, Chen Ying-Dan, Li Shi-Zhu
A taeniasis/cysticercosis information management system was designed to achieve the dynamic monitoring of the epidemic situation of taeniasis/cysticercosis and improve the intelligence level of disease information management. The system includes three layer structures (application layer, technical core layer, and data storage layer) and designs a datum transmission and remote communication system of traffic information tube in Browser/Server architecture. The system is believed to promote disease datum collection...
April 17, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767806/telephone-support-and-telemonitoring-for-low-income-older-adults
#7
Suyong Jeong, Hanna Choi, Seok Hyun Gwon, Jeongeun Kim
The objective of the current pilot study was to determine whether nurse-led telephone counseling improves health behavior, self-care, and physiological indices for low-income older adults using a telemonitoring system. The control group (n = 15) was provided with weekly health education only, and the intervention group (n = 20) was given additional telephone support by nurses. At baseline and 8 weeks, data on health and self-care behaviors were collected using a self-reported questionnaire, and blood pressure and fasting blood glucose levels were assessed...
May 16, 2018: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766371/landsat-phenological-metrics-and-their-relation-to-aboveground-carbon-in-the-brazilian-savanna
#8
M Schwieder, P J Leitão, J R R Pinto, A M C Teixeira, F Pedroni, M Sanchez, M M Bustamante, P Hostert
BACKGROUND: The quantification and spatially explicit mapping of carbon stocks in terrestrial ecosystems is important to better understand the global carbon cycle and to monitor and report change processes, especially in the context of international policy mechanisms such as REDD+ or the implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Especially in heterogeneous ecosystems, such as Savannas, accurate carbon quantifications are still lacking, where highly variable vegetation densities occur and a strong seasonality hinders consistent data acquisition...
May 15, 2018: Carbon Balance and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764915/remote-physiological-monitoring-in-an-austere-environment-a-future-for-battlefield-care-provision
#9
Matthew J Smyth, J A Round, A J Mellor
Wearable technologies are making considerable advances into the mainstream as they become smaller and more user friendly. The global market for such devices is forecasted to be worth over US$5 billion in 2018, with one in six people owning a device. Many professional sporting teams use self-monitoring to assess physiological parameters and work rate on the pitch, highlighting the potential utility for military command chains. As size of device reduces and sensitivity improves, coupled with remote connectivity technology, integration into the military environment could be relatively seamless...
May 14, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764328/community-based-hearing-screening-for-young-children-using-an-mhealth-service-delivery-model
#10
Shouneez Yousuf Hussein, De Wet Swanepoel, Faheema Mahomed, Leigh Biagio de Jager
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss is one of the most common developmental disorders identifiable at birth with its prevalence increasing throughout school years. However, early detection programs are mostly unavailable in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) where more than 80% of children with hearing loss reside. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the feasibility of a smartphone-based hearing screening program for preschool children operated by community healthcare workers (CHWs) in community-based early childhood development (ECD) centers...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762504/remote-sensing-of-wildland-fire-induced-risk-assessment-at-the-community-level
#11
M Razu Ahmed, Khan Rubayet Rahaman, Quazi K Hassan
Wildland fires are some of the critical natural hazards that pose a significant threat to the communities located in the vicinity of forested/vegetated areas. In this paper, our overall objective was to study the structural damages due to the 2016 Horse River Fire (HRF) that happened in Fort McMurray (Alberta, Canada) by employing primarily very high spatial resolution optical satellite data, i.e., WorldView-2. Thus, our activities included the: (i) estimation of the structural damages; and (ii) delineation of the wildland-urban interface (WUI) and its associated buffers at certain intervals, and their utilization in assessing potential risks...
May 15, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758992/risk-based-data-monitoring-quality-control-in-central-nervous-system-cns-clinical-trials
#12
Cynthia McNamara, Nina Engelhardt, William Potter, Christian Yavorsky, Matthew Masotti, Guillermo Di Clemente
Monitoring the quality of clinical trial efficacy outcome data has received increased attention in the past decade, with regulatory guidance encouraging it to be conducted proactively, and remotely. However, the methods utilized to develop and implement risk-based data monitoring (RBDM) programs vary, and there is a dearth of published material to guide these processes in the context of central nervous system (CNS) trials. We reviewed regulatory guidance published within the past 6 years, generic white papers, and studies applying RBDM to data from CNS clinical trials...
January 1, 2018: Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758958/the-non-contact-biometric-identified-bio-signal-measurement-sensor-and-algorithms
#13
Chan-Il Kim, Jong-Ha Lee
In these days, wearable devices have been developed for effectively measuring biological data. However, these devices have tissue allege and noise problem. To solve these problems, biometric measurement based on a non-contact method, such as face image sequencing is developed. This makes it possible to measure biometric data without any operation and side effects. However, it is impossible for a remote center to identify the person whose data are measured by the novel methods. In this paper, we propose the novel non-contact heart rate and blood pressure imaging system, Deep Health Eye...
April 25, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758883/challenges-in-coupling-lter-with-environmental-assessments-an-insight-from-potential-and-reality-of-the-chinese-ecological-research-network-in-servicing-environment-assessments
#14
Shaoxia Xia, Yu Liu, Xiubo Yu, Bojie Fu
Environmental assessments estimate, evaluate and predict the consequences of natural processes and human activities on the environment. Long-term ecosystem observation and research networks (LTERs) are potentially valuable infrastructure to support environmental assessments. However, very few environmental assessments have successfully incorporated them. In this study, we try to reveal the current status of coupling LTERs with environmental assessments and look at the challenges involved in improving this coupling through exploring the role that Chinese Ecological Research Network (CERN), the LTER of China, currently plays in regional environment assessments...
August 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758404/a-prospective-blinded-evaluation-of-a-novel-sensing-methodology-designed-to-reduce-inappropriate-shocks-by-the-subcutaneous-implantable-defibrillator
#15
Dominic A M J Theuns, Tom F Brouwer, Paul Jones, Venugopal Allavatam, Steven Donnelley, Angelo Auricchio, Reinoud E Knops, Martin C Burke
BACKGROUND: The majority of inappropriate shocks from the subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) are caused by cardiac oversensing. A novel sensing methodology, SMART Pass (SP) aims to reduce cardiac oversensing. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of SP on shocks in ambulatory S-ICD patients. METHODS: Patients implanted in 2015-2016 and on remote monitoring were included and followed for one year. Shocks were adjudicated by three independent, blinded reviewers as appropriate or inappropriate...
May 11, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758047/microphytobenthos-primary-production-estimated-by-hyperspectral-reflectance
#16
Vona Méléder, Bruno Jesus, Alexandre Barnett, Laurent Barillé, Johann Lavaud
The use of remote sensing techniques allows monitoring of photosynthesis at the ecosystem level and improves our knowledge of plant primary productivity. The main objective of the current study was to develop a remote sensing based method to measure microphytobenthos (MPB) primary production from intertidal mudflats. This was achieved by coupling hyperspectral radiometry (reflectance, ρ and second derivative, δδ) and PAM-fluorometry (non-sequential light curves, NSLC) measurements. The latter allowed the estimation of primary production using a light use efficiency parameter (LUE) and electron transport rates (ETR) whereas ρ allowed to estimate pigment composition and optical absorption cross-section (a*)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756527/when-will-telemedicine-appear-in-the-icu
#17
Mark V Avdalovic, James P Marcin
As our population ages and the demand for high-level intensive care unit (ICU) services increase, the ICU physician supply continues to lag. In addition, hospitals, physician groups, and patients are demanding rapid access for the highest level of expertise in the care of critically ill patients. Telemedicine in the ICU combined with remote patient monitoring has been increasingly touted as a model of care to increase efficiencies and quality of care. Telemedicine in the ICU provides the potential to connect critically ill patients to sophisticated specialty care on a 24/7 basis, even for those hospitalized in rural locations where access to timely specialty consultations are uncommon...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754584/analysing-the-role-of-complexity-in-explaining-the-fortunes-of-technology-programmes-empirical-application-of-the-nasss-framework
#18
Trisha Greenhalgh, Joe Wherton, Chrysanthi Papoutsi, Jenni Lynch, Gemma Hughes, Christine A'Court, Sue Hinder, Rob Procter, Sara Shaw
BACKGROUND: Failures and partial successes are common in technology-supported innovation programmes in health and social care. Complexity theory can help explain why. Phenomena may be simple (straightforward, predictable, few components), complicated (multiple interacting components or issues) or complex (dynamic, unpredictable, not easily disaggregated into constituent components). The recently published NASSS framework applies this taxonomy to explain Non-adoption or Abandonment of technology by individuals and difficulties achieving Scale-up, Spread and Sustainability...
May 14, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754219/monitoring-and-assessing-a-2-year-outbreak-of-the-corallivorous-seastar-acanthaster-planci-in-ari-atoll-republic-of-maldives
#19
Luca Saponari, Enrico Montalbetti, Paolo Galli, Giovanni Strona, Davide Seveso, Inga Dehnert, Simone Montano
Outbreaks of the corallivorous crown-of-thorns seastars have received increasing attention due to their negative impacts on coral reefs in the Indo-Pacific Ocean. However, outbreaks in remote and dislocated islands are still poorly understood. This study aims to begin filling informational gaps regarding outbreaks of Acanthaster planci in the remote islands of the central Ari Atoll, Republic of Maldives. The population of A. planci was monitored during three periods over 2 years (2015-2016) to evaluate variations in abundance and to characterise size structure and feeding behaviour...
May 12, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751328/space-time-pm-2-5-mapping-in-the-severe-haze-region-of-jing-jin-ji-china-using-a-synthetic-approach
#20
Junyu He, George Christakos
Long- and short-term exposure to PM2.5 is of great concern in China due to its adverse population health effects. Characteristic of the severity of the situation in China is that in the Jing-Jin-Ji region considered in this work a total of 2725 excess deaths have been attributed to short-term PM2.5 exposure during the period January 10-31, 2013. Technically, the processing of large space-time PM2.5 datasets and the mapping of the space-time distribution of PM2.5 concentrations often constitute high-cost projects...
May 7, 2018: Environmental Pollution
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