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Jiang Long, Tie-Qiao Liu, Yan-Hui Liao, Chang Qi, Hao-Yu He, Shu-Bao Chen, Joël Billieux
BACKGROUND: Smartphones are becoming a daily necessity for most undergraduates in Mainland China. Because the present scenario of problematic smartphone use (PSU) is largely unexplored, in the current study we aimed to estimate the prevalence of PSU and to screen suitable predictors for PSU among Chinese undergraduates in the framework of the stress-coping theory. METHODS: A sample of 1062 undergraduate smartphone users was recruited by means of the stratified cluster random sampling strategy between April and May 2015...
November 17, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
Mohamed Estai, Yogesan Kanagasingam, Boyen Huang, Julia Shiikha, Estie Kruger, Stuart Bunt, Marc Tennant
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the efficacy of a mobile teledentistry approach using a smartphone camera for remote screening of dental caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An image acquisition Android App was created to facilitate the acquisition and transmission of dental images to a store-and-forward based telemedicine server. One hundred participants who were attending routine checkups at dental clinics were enrolled in 2014. Following a face-to-face oral screening by a screener (dentist), images of patients' teeth were obtained using a smartphone camera...
November 17, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Regan W Bergmark, Emily Gliklich, Rong Guo, Richard E Gliklich
BACKGROUND: Texting while driving and other cell-phone reading and writing activities are high-risk activities associated with motor vehicle collisions and mortality. This paper describes the development and preliminary evaluation of the Distracted Driving Survey (DDS) and score. METHODS: Survey questions were developed by a research team using semi-structured interviews, pilot-tested, and evaluated in young drivers for validity and reliability. Questions focused on texting while driving and use of email, social media, and maps on cellular phones with specific questions about the driving speeds at which these activities are performed...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
Xueyi Guo, Kang Yan
Rapid development of electronic technique has led to decreasing lifespan of electronic products. Meanwhile, the amount of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) is rapidly growing in recent years especially in China. The generation amount of WEEE is one of the basic information for waste management. In our study, the generation of obsolete cellular phones and metals containing of cellular phones were estimated from 1997 to 2025. The future average possession in per 100 inhabitants of cellular phones was predicted using logistic model...
October 12, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Neelam Pandey, Sarbani Giri, Samrat Das, Puja Upadhaya
Even though there are contradictory reports regarding the cellular and molecular changes induced by mobile phone emitted radiofrequency radiation (RFR), the possibility of any biological effect cannot be ruled out. In view of a widespread and extensive use of mobile phones, this study evaluates alterations in male germ cell transformation kinetics following RFR exposure and after recovery. Swiss albino mice were exposed to RFR (900 MHz) for 4 h and 8 h duration per day for 35 days. One group of animals was terminated after the exposure period, while others were kept for an additional 35 days post-exposure...
October 13, 2016: Toxicology and Industrial Health
Alexander C Sun, Chengyang Yao, A G Venkatesh, Drew A Hall
Cellular phone penetration has grown continually over the past two decades with the number of connected devices rapidly approaching the total world population. Leveraging the worldwide ubiquity and connectivity of these devices, we developed a mobile phone-based electrochemical biosensor platform for point-of-care (POC) diagnostics and wellness tracking. The platform consists of an inexpensive electronic module (< $20) containing a low-power potentiostat that interfaces with and efficiently harvests power from a wide variety of phones through the audio jack...
November 1, 2016: Sensors and Actuators. B, Chemical
Thomas E Schulte, Ellen K Roberts, Kristina Birch, Steven J Lisco
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the workflow interruptions on an anesthesiology clinical director (CD). By assessing the interruptions on the CD, we hypothesize that these frequent interruptions would prohibit the CD from medical direction of residents or certified nurse anesthetists in operating rooms. DESIGN: Cellular phone data were obtained from Verizon Wireless statements over 10 months, August 2012 through May 2013. These data were from a single cellular phone carried by the anesthesia CD and subsequent overnight anesthesiologist 24 hours a day...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Weiping Wang, Qiang Chang, Qun Li, Zesen Shi, Wei Chen
In the era of mobile internet, Location Based Services (LBS) have developed dramatically. Seamless Indoor and Outdoor Navigation and Localization (SNAL) has attracted a lot of attention. No single positioning technology was capable of meeting the various positioning requirements in different environments. Selecting different positioning techniques for different environments is an alternative method. Detecting the users' current environment is crucial for this technique. In this paper, we proposed to detect the indoor/outdoor environment automatically without high energy consumption...
2016: Sensors
Daan den Hollander, Maurice Mars
: Telemedicine using cellular phones allows for real-time consultation of burn patients seen at distant hospitals. METHODS: Telephonic consultations to our unit have required completion of a proforma, to ensure collection of the following information: demographics, mechanism of injury, vital signs, relevant laboratory data, management at the referring hospital and advice given by the burn team. Since December 2014 we have required referring doctors to send photographs of the burn wounds to the burns specialist before making a decision on acceptance of the referral or providing management advice...
August 26, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Hiroyuki Takao, Yu Chih Yeh, Hiroyuki Arita, Takumi Obatake, Teppei Sakano, Minoru Kurihara, Akira Matsuki, Toshihiro Ishibashi, Yuichi Murayama
Use of mobile phones has become a standard reality of everyday living for many people worldwide, including medical professionals, as data sharing has drastically helped to improve quality of care. This increase in the use of mobile phones within hospitals and medical facilities has raised concern regarding the influence of radio waves on medical equipment. Although comprehensive studies have examined the effects of electromagnetic interference from 2G wireless communication and personal digital cellular systems on medical equipment, similar studies on more recent wireless technologies such as Long Term Evolution, wideband code division multiple access, and high-speed uplink access have yet to be published...
October 2016: Health Physics
Benjamin Lindquist, Matthew C Strehlow, G V Ramana Rao, Jennifer A Newberry
BACKGROUND: Many low- and middle-income countries depend on emergency medical technicians (EMTs), nurses, midwives, and layperson community health workers with limited training to provide a majority of emergency medical, trauma, and obstetric care in the prehospital setting. To improve timely patient care and expand provider scope of practice, nations leverage cellular phones and call centers for real-time online medical direction. However, there exist several barriers to adequate communication that impact the provision of emergency care...
2016: Curēus
Fereshteh Safian, Mohammad Ali Khalili, Arezoo Khoradmehr, Fatemeh Anbari, Saeedeh Soltani, Iman Halvaei
BACKGROUND: Using cellular phone has rapidly increased all over the world. Also, the concern on the possible health hazards of electromagnetic fields (EMF) induced from cell phones to reproduction has been growing in many countries. The aim of this study was to assess the consequences and effects of exposure to the cell phone radiation on the quality and survival rates of preimplantation embryos in mice. METHODS: A total of 40 mice (20 females and 20 males), 6 weeks old and sexually mature BALB/c, were used for control and experimental groups...
July 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Jennifer L Perret, Billie Bonevski, Christine F McDonald, Michael J Abramson
Smoking is common in adults with asthma, yet a paucity of literature exists on smoking cessation strategies specifically targeting this subgroup. Adverse respiratory effects from personal smoking include worse asthma control and a predisposition to lower lung function and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Some data suggest that individuals with asthma are more likely than their non-asthmatic peers to smoke regularly at an earlier age. While quit attempts can be more frequent in smokers with asthma, they are also of shorter duration than in non-asthmatics...
2016: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
Christopher Welsh
OBJECTIVE: As part of a comprehensive plan to attempt to minimize the diversion of prescribed controlled substances, many professional organization and licensing boards are recommending the use of "pill counts." This study sought to evaluate acceptability of the use of cellular phone and computer pictures/video for "pill counts" by patients in buprenorphine maintenance treatment. SETTING AND INTERVENTION: Patients prescribed buprenorphine/naloxone were asked a series of questions related to the type(s) of electronic communication to which they had access as well as their willingness to use these for the purpose of performing a "pill/film count...
May 2016: Journal of Opioid Management
Nawal A Ahmed, Nasr M Radwan, Heba S Aboul Ezz, Noha A Salama
Electromagnetic radiation (EMR) of cellular phones may affect biological systems by increasing free radicals and changing the antioxidant defense systems of tissues, eventually leading to oxidative stress. Green tea has recently attracted significant attention due to its health benefits in a variety of disorders, ranging from cancer to weight loss. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of EMR (frequency 900 MHz modulated at 217 Hz, power density 0.02 mW/cm(2), SAR 1.245 W/kg) on different oxidative stress parameters in the hippocampus and striatum of adult rats...
July 11, 2016: Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine
Carolyn Jenkins, Nina-Sarena Burkett, Bruce Ovbiagele, Martina Mueller, Sachin Patel, Brenda Brunner-Jackson, Raelle Saulson, Frank Treiber
BACKGROUND: Mobile health, or mHealth, has increasingly been signaled as an effective means to expedite communication and improve medical regimen adherence, especially for patients with chronic health conditions such as stroke. However, there is a lack of data on attitudes of stroke patients toward mHealth. Such information will aid in identifying key indicators for feasibility and optimal implementation of mHealth to prevent and/or decrease rates of secondary stroke. Our objective was to ascertain stroke patients' attitudes toward using mobile phone enabled blood pressure (BP) monitoring and medication adherence and identify factors that modulate these attitudes...
May 2016: MHealth
Kelly M Seymour, Christopher I Higginson, Kurt M DeGoede, Morgan K Bifano, Rachel Orr, Jill S Higginson
Gait speed is typically reduced when individuals simultaneously perform other tasks. However, the impact of dual tasking on kinetic and kinematic gait parameters is unclear because these vary with gait speed. The objective of this study was to identify whether dual tasking impacts gait in healthy adults when speed is constant. Twenty-two healthy adults dialed a cell phone during treadmill walking at a self-selected speed while kinetic, kinematic, and spatial parameters were recorded. Results indicated that dual tasking did not impact phone dialing speed, but increased stride width, peak knee flexion during stance, and peak plantarflexion, and decreased knee and ankle range of motion...
June 24, 2016: Journal of Motor Behavior
Jeffrey Sorenson, Nickalus Khan, William Couldwell, Jon Robertson
The Rhoton Collection is an archive of Dr. Al Rhoton Jr.'s anatomical images and video lectures, as well as an anatomical reference. In an effort to maximize the educational impact of these teaching materials, web-based technologies are used to dynamically format this material for a variety of devices ranging from cellular phones to projectors. Surgical cases are cross-referenced to further enhance the usefulness of this collection, which is available at The features of the Rhoton Collection website are described in this article...
August 2016: World Neurosurgery
Aamir Shahzad, René Landry, Malrey Lee, Naixue Xiong, Jongho Lee, Changhoon Lee
Substantial changes have occurred in the Information Technology (IT) sectors and with these changes, the demand for remote access to field sensor information has increased. This allows visualization, monitoring, and control through various electronic devices, such as laptops, tablets, i-Pads, PCs, and cellular phones. The smart phone is considered as a more reliable, faster and efficient device to access and monitor industrial systems and their corresponding information interfaces anywhere and anytime. This study describes the deployment of a protocol whereby industrial system information can be securely accessed by cellular phones via a Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) server...
2016: Sensors
June I Medford, Ashok Prasad
Synthetic biology enables the construction of genetic circuits with predictable gene functions in plants. Detailed quantitative descriptions of the transfer function or input-output function for genetic parts (promoters, 5' and 3' untranslated regions, etc.) are collected. These data are then used in computational simulations to determine their robustness and desired properties, thereby enabling the best components to be selected for experimental testing in plants. In addition, the process forms an iterative workflow which allows vast improvement to validated elements with sub-optimal function...
July 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
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