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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786969/hippocampal-lipidome-and-transcriptome-profile-alterations-triggered-by-acute-exposure-of-mice-to-gsm-1800-mhz-mobile-phone-radiation-an-exploratory-study
#1
Adamantia F Fragopoulou, Alexandros Polyzos, Maria-Despoina Papadopoulou, Anna Sansone, Areti K Manta, Evangelos Balafas, Nikolaos Kostomitsopoulos, Aikaterini Skouroliakou, Chryssostomos Chatgilialoglu, Alexandros Georgakilas, Dimitrios J Stravopodis, Carla Ferreri, Dimitris Thanos, Lukas H Margaritis
BACKGROUND: The widespread use of wireless devices during the last decades is raising concerns about adverse health effects of the radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) emitted from these devices. Recent research is focusing on unraveling the underlying mechanisms of RF-EMR and potential cellular targets. The "omics" high-throughput approaches are powerful tools to investigate the global effects of RF-EMR on cellular physiology. METHODS: In this work, C57BL/6 adult male mice were whole-body exposed (nE xp  = 8) for 2 hr to GSM 1800 MHz mobile phone radiation at an average electric field intensity range of 4...
May 22, 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700403/quantifying-population-exposure-to-air-pollution-using-individual-mobility-patterns-inferred-from-mobile-phone-data
#2
M M Nyhan, I Kloog, R Britter, C Ratti, P Koutrakis
A critical question in environmental epidemiology is whether air pollution exposures of large populations can be refined using individual mobile-device-based mobility patterns. Cellular network data has become an essential tool for understanding the movements of human populations. As such, through inferring the daily home and work locations of 407,435 mobile phone users whose positions are determined, we assess exposure to PM2.5 . Spatiotemporal PM2.5 concentrations are predicted using an Aerosol Optical Depth- and Land Use Regression-combined model...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672075/the-telephone-effect-overcoming-initiation-deficits-in-two-settings
#3
Kayci L Vickers, Michael E Keesler, Kelli S Williams, Jeremy Y Charles, Roy H Hamilton
PURPOSE: Disorders of motivation substantially impair an individual's ability to communicate with their families, therapists, and doctors. One method of overcoming initiation deficits is by utilizing the telephone effect, which is the ability for individuals with severe motivation deficits to communicate more readily when speaking on a telephone. However, little is available in the extant literature on how this effect works or how best to integrate this into patient care. This article aims to provide the first report of a proposed mechanism underlying the telephone effect and the first published procedures for eliciting this effect...
April 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649215/mobile-phone-specific-electromagnetic-fields-induce-transient-dna-damage-and-nucleotide-excision-repair-in-serum-deprived-human-glioblastoma-cells
#4
Halh Al-Serori, Franziska Ferk, Michael Kundi, Andrea Bileck, Christopher Gerner, Miroslav Mišík, Armen Nersesyan, Monika Waldherr, Manuel Murbach, Tamara T Lah, Christel Herold-Mende, Andrew R Collins, Siegfried Knasmüller
Some epidemiological studies indicate that the use of mobile phones causes cancer in humans (in particular glioblastomas). It is known that DNA damage plays a key role in malignant transformation; therefore, we investigated the impact of the UMTS signal which is widely used in mobile telecommunications, on DNA stability in ten different human cell lines (six brain derived cell lines, lymphocytes, fibroblasts, liver and buccal tissue derived cells) under conditions relevant for users (SAR 0.25 to 1.00 W/kg)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600857/from-cellular-rna-to-smart-rna-multiple-roles-of-rna-in-genome-stability-and-beyond
#5
Flavia Michelini, Ameya P Jalihal, Sofia Francia, Chance Meers, Zachary T Neeb, Francesca Rossiello, Ubaldo Gioia, Julio Aguado, Corey Jones-Weinert, Brian Luke, Giuseppe Biamonti, Mariusz Nowacki, Francesca Storici, Piero Carninci, Nils G Walter, Fabrizio d'Adda di Fagagna
Coding for proteins has been considered the main function of RNA since the "central dogma" of biology was proposed. The discovery of noncoding transcripts shed light on additional roles of RNA, ranging from the support of polypeptide synthesis, to the assembly of subnuclear structures, to gene expression modulation. Cellular RNA has therefore been recognized as a central player in often unanticipated biological processes, including genomic stability. This ever-expanding list of functions inspired us to think of RNA as a "smart" phone, which has replaced the older obsolete "cellular" phone...
March 30, 2018: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544134/association-between-mobile-phone-traffic-volume-and-road-crash-fatalities-a-population-based-case-crossover-study
#6
Claudio Gariazzo, Massimo Stafoggia, Silvia Bruzzone, Armando Pelliccioni, Francesco Forastiere
Use of mobile phones while driving is known to cause crashes with possible fatalities. Different habits of mobile phone use might be distracting forces and display differential impacts on accident risk; the assessment of the relative importance is relevant to implement prevention, mitigation, and control measures. This study aimed to assess the relationship between the use of mobile phones at population level and road crash fatalities in large urban areas. Data on road crashes with fatalities were collected from seven Italian metropolitan areas and matched in time and space with high resolution mobile phone traffic volume data about calls, texts, Internet connections and upload/download data...
June 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533970/wearable-smart-system-for-visually-impaired-people
#7
Ali Jasim Ramadhan
In this paper, we present a wearable smart system to help visually impaired persons (VIPs) walk by themselves through the streets, navigate in public places, and seek assistance. The main components of the system are a microcontroller board, various sensors, cellular communication and GPS modules, and a solar panel. The system employs a set of sensors to track the path and alert the user of obstacles in front of them. The user is alerted by a sound emitted through a buzzer and by vibrations on the wrist, which is helpful when the user has hearing loss or is in a noisy environment...
March 13, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458489/microbacterium-telephonicum-sp-nov-isolated-from-the-screen-of-a-cellular-phone
#8
Praveen Rahi, Rashmi Kurli, Aabeejjeet N Pansare, Mitesh Khairnar, Shubhangi Jagtap, Nisha B Patel, Syed G Dastager, Paul A Lawson, Yogesh S Shouche
A cultivation-based study of the microbial diversity of cellular phone screens led to the isolation of a Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, rod-shaped and non-endospore-forming bacterium, designated S2T63T , exhibiting phenotypic and genotypic characteristics unique to the type strains of closely related species. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the strain is a member of Microbacterium, and most closely related to Microbacterium aurantiacum IFO 15234T and Microbacterium kitamiense Kitami C2T ...
April 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427953/genotoxic-and-carcinogenic-effects-of-non-ionizing-electromagnetic-fields
#9
Adem Kocaman, Gamze Altun, Arife Ahsen Kaplan, Ömür Gülsüm Deniz, Kıymet Kübra Yurt, Süleyman Kaplan
New technologies in electronics and communications are continually emerging. An increasing use of these electronic devices such as mobile phone, computer, wireless fidelity connectors or cellular towers is raising questions concerning whether they have an adverse effect on the body. Exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) is frequently suggested to have adverse health effects on humans and other organisms. This idea has been reported in many studies. In contrast, the therapeutic effects of EMF on different organs have also been reported...
May 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413766/radiofrequency-electromagnetic-radiation-exposure-effects-on-amygdala-morphology-place-preference-behavior-and-brain-caspase-3-activity-in-rats
#10
Sareesh Naduvil Narayanan, Nirupam Mohapatra, Pamala John, Nalini K, Raju Suresh Kumar, Satheesha B Nayak, P Gopalakrishna Bhat
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the changes in amygdala morphology and emotional behaviors, upon exposure to chronic RF-EMR in adolescent rats. Four weeks old male albino Wistar rats were exposed to 900 MHz (power density:146.60 μW/cm2) from a mobile phone in silent-mode for 28 days. Amygdala morphology was studied using cresyl violet, TUNEL and Golgi-Cox staining. Place preference behavior was studied using light/dark chamber test and following this brain caspase-3 activity was determined. Number of healthy neurons was decreased in the basolateral amygdala and cortical amygdala but not in the central amygdala after RF-EMR exposure...
March 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318951/enhanced-new-mothers-network-cell-phone-application-intervention-interdisciplinary-team-development-and-lessons-learned
#11
Diane Brage Hudson, Christie Campbell-Grossman, Sara Brown, Kathleen M Hanna, Byrav Ramamurthy, Bhargav Gorthi, Vishnu Sivadasan
Single, low-income, African American mothers experience challenges caring for themselves and their infants. Nurse researchers, providing creative and theoretically based approaches for complex client health care, are increasingly becoming interdisciplinary leaders on research teams. The first purpose of this article was to describe this interdisciplinary team's development of a cellular (cell) phone application (app), the Enhanced New Mothers Network (ENMN). The second purpose of this article was to describe lessons learned by nursing members of the interdisciplinary team members about developing a cell phone app for delivery of the ENMN intervention...
June 2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302571/sleeping-habits-among-school-children-and-their-effects-on-sleep-pattern
#12
Apurva Mishra, Ramesh Kumar Pandey, Anurag Minz, Varuni Arora
Introduction: Sleep problems can occur at any age. Inadequate sleep affects the physiological as well as psychological well-being of an individual. Thus, the objective of the present study is, to determine the pre sleep habits, duration and pattern of sleep among school children and to determine association between their sleep schedules and sleep habits. Methods: This cross-sectional study comprised of 1050 children attending the government school. Based on inclusion and exclusion criteria children were from three age groups: 4-5 years, 6-10 years and 11-15 years of age...
December 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242179/individual-differences-in-the-relationship-between-attachment-and-nomophobia-among-college-students-the-mediating-role-of-mindfulness
#13
Ibrahim Arpaci, Mustafa Baloğlu, Hatice İrem Özteke Kozan, Şahin Kesici
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in nomophobia, which is defined as the fear of being out of cellular phone contact, or "feelings of discomfort or anxiety experienced by individuals when they are unable to use their mobile phones or utilize the affordances these devices provide". However, only limited research can be found in terms of its determinants at present. Contemporary literature suggests that the relationships among attachment styles, mindfulness, and nomophobia have not been investigated...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241168/epidemiology-of-intracranial-gliomas
#14
Quinn T Ostrom, Haley Gittleman, Lindsay Stetson, Selene Virk, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan
Gliomas are the most common primary intracranial neoplasms, which cause significant mortality and morbidity that is disproportionate to their relatively rare incidence. Many potential risk factors for glioma have been studied to date, but only few provide explanation for the number of brain tumor cases identified. The most significant findings include increased risk due to exposure to ionizing radiation and decreased risk with the history of allergy or atopic diseases. The potential effect of the cellular phone usage has been evaluated extensively, but the results remain inconclusive...
2018: Progress in Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216724/inhibition-by-egb761-of-the-effect-of-cellphone-radiation-on-the-male-reproductive-system
#15
F Gevrek, D Aydin, S Ozsoy, H Aygun, C Bicer
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of Egb761 on testicular tissues and semen parameters in rats exposed to cellphone waves. BACKGROUND: EGb761 has antioxidant properties as a free-radical scavenger. Cellphone electromagnetic radiation (EMR) induces oxidative stress in cells. METHODS: Twenty-one Wistar albino male adult rats were divided into three groups (control, experimental, treatment), including seven rats in each. The experimental and treatment groups were exposed to cellphone EMR (0...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207727/effect-of-cellular-mobile-phone-use-and-cetrizine-on-hand-eye-coordination-and-visual-acuity
#16
Kalpita Ganpat Gawit, Smita Anand Tiwari, Gauri Hari Kasabe, Pradeep Kisanrao Deshpande, Balasaheb Baburao Ghongane
Introduction: Cellular mobile phones are a major cause of distraction especially while driving. The aggressive and inappropriate use of cellular mobile phones has increased the risk of accidents. Similar alerts are available in literature for certain substances and drugs (e.g. second generation anti H1 drug -Cetirizine) which also derange psychomotor performance and parameters of alertness. Aim: This study measured variations in hand-eye coordination and visual acuity due to use of cellular mobile phone in comparison to that of commonly used antihistaminic drug viz...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177176/the-belief-and-attitude-of-the-drivers-toward-the-usage-of-cellphone-while-driving-a-population-based-survey
#17
Batoul Sedaghati Shokri, Seyed Rasoul Davoodi, Majid Azimmohseni, Gholamreza Khoshfar
Objective: To presents a survey investigating differences between drivers' beliefs regarding utilizing cellphone when driving. Methods: In this population-based survey, the participants who were studied in the North of Iran, Gorgan, were categorized as main urban and rural areas. A sample of 400 drivers, 92 women and 308 men, filled out the four sections questionnaire which was based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) used for measuring the differences between the drivers' opinions (attitudinal beliefs, normative beliefs, and perceived control behavioral beliefs) about utilizing a cell phone when driving along with their age and driving purpose...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138660/use-of-cellular-phone-contacts-to-increase-return-rates-for-immunization-services-in-kenya
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Evans Mokaya, Isaac Mugoya, Jane Raburu, Lora Shimp
Introduction: In Kenya, failure to complete immunization schedules by children who previously accessed immunization services is an obstacle to ensuring that children are fully immunized. Home visit approaches used to track defaulting children have not been successful in reducing the drop-out rate. Methods: This study tested the use of phone contacts as an approach for tracking immunization defaulters in twelve purposively-selected facilities in three districts of western Kenya...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122738/performance-of-a-mobile-phone-app-based-participatory-syndromic-surveillance-system-for-acute-febrile-illness-and-acute-gastroenteritis-in-rural-guatemala
#19
Daniel Olson, Molly Lamb, Maria Renee Lopez, Kathryn Colborn, Alejandra Paniagua-Avila, Alma Zacarias, Ricardo Zambrano-Perilla, Sergio Ricardo Rodríguez-Castro, Celia Cordon-Rosales, Edwin Jose Asturias
BACKGROUND: With their increasing availability in resource-limited settings, mobile phones may provide an important tool for participatory syndromic surveillance, in which users provide symptom data directly into a centralized database. OBJECTIVE: We studied the performance of a mobile phone app-based participatory syndromic surveillance system for collecting syndromic data (acute febrile illness and acute gastroenteritis) to detect dengue virus and norovirus on a cohort of children living in a low-resource and rural area of Guatemala...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082425/review-of-use-and-integration-of-mobile-apps-into-psychiatric-treatments
#20
REVIEW
Steven Chan, Haley Godwin, Alvaro Gonzalez, Peter M Yellowlees, Donald M Hilty
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mental health practitioners should understand the features of current, publicly available apps; the features of novel, research apps; and issues behind the integration of mobile apps and digital health services into clinical workflows. RECENT FINDINGS: The review is based on a research literature and the authors' clinical and healthcare administration experiences. Articles searched-on telepsychiatry, telemental health, mobile mental health, informatics, cellular phone, ambulatory monitoring, telemetry, and algorithms-were restricted to 2016 and 2017...
October 30, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
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