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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717768/symptom-levels-in-care-seeking-bangladeshi-and-nepalese-adults-with-advanced-cancer
#1
Richard Reed Love, Tahmina Ferdousy, Bishnu D Paudel, Shamsun Nahar, Rumana Dowla, Mohammad Adibuzzaman, Golam Mushih Tanimul Ahsan, Miftah Uddin, Reza Salim, Sheikh Iqbal Ahamed
PURPOSE: Three-fourths of patients with advanced cancer are reported to suffer from pain. A primary barrier to provision of adequate symptom treatment is failure to appreciate the intensity of the symptoms patients are experiencing. Because data on Bangladeshi and Nepalese patients' perceptions of their symptomatic status are limited, we sought such information using a cell phone questionnaire. METHODS: At tertiary care centers in Dhaka and Kathmandu, we recruited 640 and 383 adult patients, respectively, with incurable malignancy presenting for outpatient visits and instructed them for that single visit on one-time completion of a cell phone platform 15-item survey of questions about common cancer-associated symptoms and their magnitudes using Likert scales of 0 to 10...
June 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716201/a-matched-case-control-study-comparing-udder-health-production-and-fertility-parameters-in-dairy-farms-before-and-after-the-eradication-of-bovine-virus-diarrhoea-in-switzerland
#2
A Tschopp, R Deiss, M Rotzer, S Wanda, B Thomann, G Schüpbach-Regula, M Meylan
An obligatory eradication programme for Bovine Virus Diarrhoea (BVD) was implemented in Switzerland in 2008. Between 2008 and 2012, all bovines were tested for antigen or antibodies against BVDV. By the year 2012, eradication was completed in the majority of farms. A decrease of the prevalence of persistently infected (PI) newborn calves was observed from 1.4% in 2008 to <0.02% in 2012. The objective of the present study was to assess the effects of BVD eradication on different parameters of animal health, production and fertility in Swiss dairy herds which had completed the eradication programme...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714219/visible-light-excited-ultralong-organic-phosphorescence-by-manipulating-intermolecular-interactions
#3
Suzhi Cai, Huifang Shi, Jiewei Li, Long Gu, Yun Ni, Zhichao Cheng, Shan Wang, Wei-Wei Xiong, Lin Li, Zhongfu An, Wei Huang
Visible light is much more available and less harmful than ultraviolet light, but ultralong organic phosphorescence (UOP) with visible-light excitation remains a formidable challenge. Here, a concise chemical approach is provided to obtain bright UOP by tuning the molecular packing in the solid state under irradiation of available visible light, e.g., a cell phone flashlight under ambient conditions (room temperature and in air). The excitation spectra exhibit an obvious redshift via the incorporation of halogen atoms to tune intermolecular interactions...
July 17, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713615/effects-of-radiofrequency-exposure-emitted-from-a-gsm-mobile-phone-on-proliferation-differentiation-and-apoptosis-of-neural-stem-cells
#4
Mahsa Eghlidospour, Amir Ghanbari, Seyyed Mohammad Javad Mortazavi, Hassan Azari
Due to the importance of neural stem cells (NSCs) in plasticity of the nervous system and treating neurodegenerative diseases, the main goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of radiofrequency radiation emitted from a GSM 900-MHz mobile phone with different exposure duration on proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis of adult murine NSCs in vitro. We used neurosphere assay to evaluate NSCs proliferation, and immunofluorescence assay of neural cell markers to examine NSCs differentiation. We also employed alamarBlue and caspase 3 apoptosis assays to assess harmful effects of mobile phone on NSCs...
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707332/conjugated-polymer-for-voltage-controlled-release-of-molecules
#5
Shenghua Liu, Ying Fu, Guijun Li, Li Li, Helen Ka-Wai Law, Xianfeng Chen, Feng Yan
Conjugated polymers are attractive in numerous biological applications because they are flexible, biocompatible, cost-effective, solution-processable, and electronic/ionic conductive. One interesting application is for controllable drug release, and this has been realized previously using organic electronic ion pumps. However, organic electronic ion pumps show high operating voltages and limited transportation efficiency. Here, the first report of low-voltage-controlled molecular release with a novel organic device based on a conjugated polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene) is presented...
July 14, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702612/rapid-label-free-cd4-testing-using-a-smartphone-compatible-device
#6
Manoj Kumar Kanakasabapathy, Hardik J Pandya, Mohamed Shehata Draz, Manjyot Kaur Chug, Magesh Sadasivam, Shreya Kumar, Behzad Etemad, Vinish Yogesh, Mohammadali Safavieh, Waseem Asghar, Jonathan Z Li, Athe M Tsibris, Daniel R Kuritzkes, Hadi Shafiee
The most recent guidelines have called for a significant shift towards viral load testing for HIV/AIDS management in developing countries; however point-of-care (POC) CD4 testing still remains an important component of disease staging in multiple developing countries. Advancements in micro/nanotechnologies and consumer electronics have paved the way for mobile healthcare technologies and the development of POC smartphone-based diagnostic assays for disease detection and treatment monitoring. Here, we report a simple, rapid (30 minutes) smartphone-based microfluidic chip for automated CD4 testing using a small volume (30 μL) of whole blood...
July 12, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700206/drug-porous-silicon-dual-luminescent-system-for-monitoring-and-inhibition-of-wound-infection
#7
Xisheng Chen, Fangjie Wo, Yao Jin, Jie Tan, Yan Lai, Jianmin Wu
Wound monitoring and curing is of great importance in biomedical research. This work created a smart bandage that can simultaneously monitor and inhibit wound infection. The main components of the smart bandage are luminescent porous silicon (LuPSi) particles loaded with ciprofloxacin (CIP). This dual luminescent system can undergo accelerated fluorescent color change from red to blue upon the stimulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and elevated pH, which are main biomarkers in the infected wound. The mechanism behind the chemical-triggered fluorescent color change was studied in detail...
July 17, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699866/description-of-lysinibacillus-telephonicus-sp-nov-isolated-from-the-screen-of-a-cellular-phone
#8
Praveen Rahi, Rashmi Kurli, Mitesh Khairnar, Shubhangi Jagtap, Aabeejjeet N Pansare, Syed G Dastager, Yogesh S Shouche
A novel bacterial strain, designated S5H2222T, was isolated form the screen of a cellular phone. The cells were Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, aerobic and motile, and endospores are formed. S5H2222T grew as pale white colonies on trypticase soy agar and the best growth was observed at 37 °C (10-55 °C) and at pH 7.0 (5.0-9.0). S5H2222T could tolerate up to 10 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed this strain within the genus Lysinibacillus and it exhibited high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Lysinibacillus halotolerans LAM612T (97...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685782/magnetically-manipulated-droplet-splitting-on-a-3d-printed-device-to-carry-out-a-complexometric-assay
#9
T J Hutama, R D Oleschuk
A method for performing droplet actuation, splitting, and dispensing using only magnetic force and physical confinement is reported. The combination of low-friction superhydrophobic surfaces and droplets containing superparamagnetic particles is demonstrated to reliably dispense droplets with a precision (≤6%) similar to standard air-displacement pipettes. The 3D printed microfluidic chips incorporate individual wells, a weir structure and differential channel depths to facilitate droplet splitting in differing ratios...
July 7, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675329/switched-on-or-switched-off-a-survey-of-mobile-computer-and-internet-use-in-a-community-mental-health-rehabilitation-sample
#10
Simon Tobitt, Robert Percival
BACKGROUND: UK society is undergoing a technological revolution, including meeting health needs through technology. Government policy is shifting towards a "digital by default" position. Studies have trialled health technology interventions for those experiencing psychosis and shown them to be useful. AIMS: To gauge levels of engagement with mobile phones (Internet-enabled or cell phone), computers and the Internet in the specific population of community mental health rehabilitation...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669241/reality-versus-grant-application-research-plans
#11
Linda Burhansstipanov, Linda U Krebs, Daniel Petereit, Mark B Dignan, Sheikh Iqbal Ahamed, Michele Sargent, Kristin Cina, Kimberly Crawford, Doris Thibeault, Simone Bordeaux, Shalini Kanekar, Golam Mushih Tanimul Ahsan, Drew Williams, Ivor Addo
This article describes the implementation of the American Indian mHealth Smoking Dependence Study focusing on the differences between what was written in the grant application compared to what happened in reality. The study was designed to evaluate a multicomponent intervention involving 256 participants randomly assigned to one of 15 groups. Participants received either a minimal or an intense level of four intervention components: (1) nicotine replacement therapy, (2) precessation counseling, (3) cessation counseling, and (4) mHealth text messaging...
July 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658925/effect-of-cell-phone-radiations-on-orofacial-structures-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Sunil Kumar Mishra, Ramesh Chowdhary, Shail Kumari, Srinivasa B Rao
INTRODUCTION: The widespread use of cell phone in recent years has raised many questions whether their use is safe to operator who is exposed to Electromagnetic Waves (EMV). AIM: To find out the effect of cell phone emitted radiations on the orofacial structures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To identify suitable literature, an electronic search was performed using Medline, Pubmed and EBSCO host database in December 2016. The search was focused on effect of cell phone on orofacial structures...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657469/perceptions-of-the-influence-of-computer-mediated-communication-on-the-health-and-well-being-of-early-adolescents
#13
Lindsay Favotto, Valerie Michaelson, Colleen Davison
Recent technological advances have provided many youth with daily, almost continuous cell-phone and Internet connectivity through portable devices. Young people's experiences with computer-mediated communication (CMC) and their views about how this form of communication affects their health have not been fully explored in the scientific literature. A purposeful maximum variation sample of young people (aged 11-15 years) across Ontario was identified, using key informants for recruitment. The young people participated in seven focus groups (involving a total of 40 adolescents), and discussed various aspects of health including the health impacts of CMC...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653776/can-inactive-blood-donors-be-re-recruited-a-stratified-randomised-pilot-study
#14
J Ou-Yang, B He, X Rong, C-H Bei
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of recruitment of inactive donors by telephone call and cell phone short message service (SMS), to assess the causes of donor self-deferral and to determine the appropriate sample size for a formal study BACKGROUND: Blood donor retention is essential for sustaining blood safety and sufficiency. METHODS: We conducted a single-centre open-label parallel randomised controlled trial in Guangzhou, China...
June 27, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650177/learning-on-hold-cell-phones-sidetrack-parent-child-interactions
#15
Jessa Reed, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff
Although research suggests that responsive interactions are imperative for language development, the advent of mobile technology means that parent-child exchanges are often fraught with unpredictable interruptions. Less clear is how these momentary breaks in responsiveness affect word learning. In this within-subjects design, 38 mothers taught their 2-year-olds (M = 27.15 months) 2 novel words, 1 at a time. One teaching period was interrupted by a cell phone call. Children learned the word when the teaching was not interrupted, but not when it was interrupted...
June 26, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635985/experiences-of-women-with-gestational-trophoblastic-neoplasia-treated-with-high-dose-chemotherapy-and-stem-cell-transplantation-a-qualitative-study
#16
Kam Singh, Clare Warnock, Jane Ireson, Sarah Strickland, Delia Short, Michael J Seckl, Barry W Hancock
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of women with gestational trophoblastic neoplasia during and after treatment to understand their perspectives, priorities, and concerns.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: A descriptive, exploratory study using in-depth semistructured interviews.
. SETTING: All interviews were conducted in a quiet, designated room at Weston Park Hospital in Sheffield, South Yorkshire.
. PARTICIPANTS: Women with gestational trophoblastic neoplasia who had received stem cell transplantation from 2003 to 2013...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635062/mobile-phone-text-messaging-to-improve-knowledge-and-practice-of-diabetic-foot-care-in-a-developing-country-feasibility-and-outcomes
#17
Zeinab M Hassan
PURPOSE: To test the feasibility and effectiveness of using mobile phone text messaging to reinforce learning and the practice of diabetic foot care in a developing country. METHODS: Ongoing learning reinforcement (2-3 times weekly) by text messaging followed an informal class on diabetic foot care in a community clinic setting. Subjects with cell phone access and no history of diabetic foot wounds or current wounds were recruited for participation (N = 225). Foot examinations and pretesting by survey occurred just before patients departed the clinic; the posttest survey and a final foot examination occurred 12 weeks later...
June 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634458/phone-conversation-while-processing-information-chronometric-analysis-of-load-effects-in-everyday-media-multitasking
#18
Michael B Steinborn, Lynn Huestegge
This is a pilot study that examined the effect of cell-phone conversation on cognition using a continuous multitasking paradigm. Current theorizing argues that phone conversation affects behavior (e.g., driving) by interfering at a level of cognitive processes (not peripheral activity) and by implying an attentional-failure account. Within the framework of an intermittent spare-utilized capacity threading model, we examined the effect of aspects of (secondary-task) phone conversation on (primary-task) continuous arithmetic performance, asking whether phone use makes components of automatic and controlled information-processing (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632035/a-comprehensive-study-of-worldwide-selfie-related-accidental-mortality-a-growing-problem-of-the-modern-society
#19
Mohit J Jain, Kinjal J Mavani
Since Oxford dictionary has described 'Selfie', selfie deaths have received a fair amount of coverage but the extent of the problem and the data behind it have not been appropriately explored. The aim of our study is to obtain epidemiological characteristics of selfie-related mortality worldwide with the objective of providing an insight to 'Why selfie', 'Why risky', 'Psychological basis' and 'measures of control.' Despite thousands of web pages, very few scientific articles are available in medical journals...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628741/amplicon-competition-enables-end-point-quantitation-of-nucleic-acids-following-isothermal-amplification
#20
Yu Sherry Jiang, Apollo Stacy, Marvin Whiteley, Andrew D Ellington, Sanchita Bhadra
It is inherently difficult to quantitate nucleic acid analytes with most isothermal amplification assays. We have now developed loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) reactions in which competition between defined numbers of 'false' and 'true' amplicons leads to order of magnitude quantitation via a single end-point determination. These thresholded LAMP reactions were successfully used to directly and quantitatively estimate the numbers of nucleic acids in complex biospecimens, including directly from cells and in sewage, with the values obtained closely correlating with qPCR quantitations...
June 19, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
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