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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208099/the-impact-of-walking-while-using-a-smartphone-on-pedestrians-awareness-of-roadside-events
#1
Ming-I Brandon Lin, Yu-Ping Huang
Previous studies have shown that using a cell phone to talk or text while walking changes gait kinematics and encourages risky street-crossing behaviors. However, less is known about how the motor-cognitive interference imposed by smartphone tasks affects pedestrians' situational awareness to environmental targets relevant to pedestrian safety. This study systematically investigated the influence of smartphone use on detection of and responses to a variety of roadside events in a semi-virtual walking environment...
February 13, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201929/public-attitudes-toward-the-police
#2
Ni Phil He, Ling Ren, Jihong Solomon Zhao, Matthew A Bills
Using telephone survey data collected in Houston, Texas, this study explores the feasibility of a dual-frame (landline and cell-phone-only household samples) design survey in police studies and compares the corresponding characteristics of survey respondents and multiple measures of citizens' attitudes toward the police. It was found that a cell-phone interview with the same scope and length of a landline interview is indeed operationally feasible, albeit at higher cost and lower response rate. Compared with their landline counterparts, respondents in our cell-phone-only sample are younger, males, members of ethnic minority, renters, mobile, and less educated...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193715/children-and-motorcycles-a-systematic-review-of-risk-factors-and-interventions
#3
Julie Brown, Lisa Schonstein, Rebecca Ivers, Lisa Keay
OBJECTIVE: To (i) identify person, vehicle and environmental risk factors for injury among children using motorcycles, and (ii) identify and appraise studies of interventions designed to reduce the occurrence or severity of injury among children using these vehicles. METHOD: A systematic approach was used to collate data from published and grey literature globally on risk factors for motorcycles injury, and studies reporting evaluation of interventions to counter this injury...
February 13, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178283/behavioral-risk-factors-of-breast-cancer-in-bangui-of-central-african-republic-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#4
Augustin Balekouzou, Ping Yin, Henok Kessete Afewerky, Cavin Bekolo, Christian Maucler Pamatika, Sylvain Wilfrid Nambei, Marceline Djeintote, Antoine Doui Doumgba, Christian Diamont Mossoro-Kpinde, Chang Shu, Minghui Yin, Zhen Fu, Tingting Qing, Mingming Yan, Jianyuan Zhang, Shaojun Chen, Hongyu Li, Zhongyu Xu, Boniface Koffi
Breast cancer is recognized as a major public health problem in developing countries; however, there is very little evidence of behavioral factors associated with breast cancer risk. This study was conducted to identify lifestyles as risk factors for breast cancer among Central African women. A case-control study was conducted with 174 cases confirmed histologically by the pathology unit of the National Laboratory and 348 age-matched controls. Data collection tools included a questionnaire with interviews and medical records of patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159075/remote-video-auditing-in-the-surgical-setting
#5
Anne Pedersen, Elizabeth Getty Ritter, Megan Beaton, David Gibbons
Remote video auditing, a method first adopted by the food preparation industry, was later introduced to the health care industry as a novel approach to improving hand hygiene practices. This strategy yielded tremendous and sustained improvement, causing leaders to consider the potential effects of such technology on the complex surgical environment. This article outlines the implementation of remote video auditing and the first year of activity, outcomes, and measurable successes in a busy surgery department in the eastern United States...
February 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157277/predictors-and-barriers-to-mental-health-treatment-utilization-among-older-veterans-living-with-hiv
#6
Raeanne C Moore, María J Marquine, Elizabeth Straus, Colin A Depp, David J Moore, Dawn M Schiehser, Neil M Richtand, Dilip V Jeste, Lisa T Eyler
Objective: To identify key mood, social, and functional correlates of current participation in mental health treatment and barriers to participation in mental health treatment among older HIV infected (HIV+) veterans. Methods: HIV+ veterans (N = 150) aged ≥ 50 years receiving HIV-related medical care at the VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California, anonymously completed a survey assessing current self-reported mood, social support, daily functioning problems, mental health service utilization, and barriers to participating in mental health services...
February 2, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149205/update-of-the-quick-dash-questionnaire-to-account-for-modern-technology
#7
Ali Moradi, Mariano E Menendez, Amir Reza Kachooei, Aleksandr Isakov, David Ring
Background: Almost 2 decades have passed since the development of the items contained in the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire, and during this time, daily tasks have changed to adapt to changes in technology. Methods: A cohort of 108 patients completed demographic information, the Quick DASH (both standard and technologically updated versions), and 2 Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS)-based computerized adaptive testing questionnaires: PROMIS pain interference and upper-extremity function...
December 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144594/effects-of-rf-emf-exposure-from-gsm-mobile-phones-on-proliferation-rate-of-human-adipose-derived-stem-cells-an-in-vitro-study
#8
D Shahbazi-Gahrouei, B Hashemi-Beni, Z Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: As the use of mobile phones is increasing, public concern about the harmful effects of radiation emitted by these devices is also growing. In addition, protection questions and biological effects are among growing concerns which have remained largely unanswered. Stem cells are useful models to assess the effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) on other cell lines. Stem cells are undifferentiated biological cells that can differentiate into specialized cells...
December 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144593/gsm-900-mhz-microwave-radiation-induced-alterations-of-insulin-level-and-histopathological-changes-of-liver-and-pancreas-in-rat
#9
S M J Mortazavi, S M Owji, M B Shojaei-Fard, M Ghader-Panah, S A R Mortazavi, A Tavakoli-Golpayegani, M Haghani, S Taeb, N Shokrpour, O Koohi
BACKGROUND: The rapidly increasing use of mobile phones has led to public concerns about possible health effects of these popular communication devices. This study is an attempt to investigate the effects of radiofrequency (RF) radiation produced by GSM mobile phones on the insulin release in rats. METHODS: Forty two female adult Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups. Group1 were exposed to RF radiation 6 hours per day for 7 days. Group 2 received sham exposure (6 hours per day for 7 days)...
December 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143673/survey-of-vaccination-knowledge-and-acceptance-among-adults-admitted-to-an-urban-emergency-department
#10
Kathryn Sutcliffe, Paul E Kilgore, Kaitlyn DeHoff, Richard Evans, Keith S Kaye, Ryan E Malosh, Robert Sherwin, Emily T Martin
BACKGROUND: Adult vaccination rates in the United States have fallen below national target levels and may be exacerbated by lack of access to a primary care physician. We assessed patient knowledge of and attitudes towards vaccines in an urban emergency department population and analyzed the feasibility of using this setting as a vaccine delivery site from a patient perspective. METHODS: In-person interviewers administered surveys to 250 adult patients presenting to the Detroit Receiving Hospital emergency department in Detroit, Michigan...
January 28, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138047/motorcycles-cell-phones-and-electricity-can-dramatically-change-the-epidemiology-of-infectious-disease-in-africa
#11
Jean-Christophe Lagier, Cheikh Sokhna, Didier Raoult
Some observations and recent publications demonstrated, particularly in Africa, the potential influence that low - cost motorcycles, cell phones, and even widespread electrification could have on the evolution of infectious diseases, particularly zoonoses. Our reflections support the conclusion that we should focus on the real - time surveillance systems including alerting systems leading to a rapid and flexible response rather than the strongly limited modeling of infectious diseases because of the continuous evolution of microorganisms, as well as changes in the environment and human habits that are unpredictable...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134002/grindr-scruff-and-on-the-hunt
#12
Darren L Whitfield, Shanna K Kattari, N Eugene Walls, Alia Al-Tayyib
In 2016, gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) comprise more than half of all new HIV diagnoses in the United States, with the primary mode of infection being condomless anal sex (CAS). While studies report an association between use of Internet-based social networking sites and increased CAS, the research on the relationship between cell phone mobile applications (e.g., Grindr, Scruff, Jack'd) and CAS is much less developed. The present study examines whether the manner in which gay, bisexual, and other MSM find sexual partners predicts an increase in likelihood of engaging in CAS in an urban, noncoastal U...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129140/committing-to-memory-memory-prosthetics-show-promise-in-helping-those-with-neurodegenerative-disorders
#13
Michele Solis
Cell phone chimes, sticky notes, even the proverbial string around a finger-these timehonored external cues help guard against our inevitable memory lapses. But some internal help to the brain itself may be on the way in the form of what's being called memory prosthetics. Once considered to be on the fringes of neuroscience, the idea of adding hardware to the brain to help with memory has gathered steam. In 2014, the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) made a US$30 million investment in memory prosthetic research as part of the Obama administration's Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies initiative...
January 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126644/evaluation-of-the-potential-of-mobile-phone-specific-electromagnetic-fields-umts-to-produce-micronuclei-in-human-glioblastoma-cell-lines
#14
Halh Al-Serori, Michael Kundi, Franziska Ferk, Miroslav Mišík, Armen Nersesyan, Manuel Murbach, Tamara T Lah, Siegfried Knasmüller
Some epidemiological studies indicate that mobile phones cause glioblastomas in humans. Since it is known that genomic instability plays a key role in the etiology of cancer, we investigated the effects of the universal mobile telecommunications system radiofrequency (UMTS-RF) signal, which is used in "smart" phones, on micronucleus (MN) formation and other anomalies such as nuclear buds (NBUDs) and nucleoplasmatic bridges (NPBs). MN are formed by structural and numerical aberrations, NBs reflect gene amplification and NPBs are formed from dicentric chromosomes...
January 24, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106136/long-term-exposure-to-835%C3%A2-mhz-rf-emf-induces-hyperactivity-autophagy-and-demyelination-in-the-cortical-neurons-of-mice
#15
Ju Hwan Kim, Da-Hyeon Yu, Yang Hoon Huh, Eun Ho Lee, Hyung-Gun Kim, Hak Rim Kim
Radiofrequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) is used globally in conjunction with mobile communications. There are public concerns of the perceived deleterious biological consequences of RF-EMF exposure. This study assessed neuronal effects of RF-EMF on the cerebral cortex of the mouse brain as a proxy for cranial exposure during mobile phone use. C57BL/6 mice were exposed to 835 MHz RF-EMF at a specific absorption rate (SAR) of 4.0 W/kg for 5 hours/day during 12 weeks. The aim was to examine activation of autophagy pathway in the cerebral cortex, a brain region that is located relatively externally...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080107/feasibility-and-adherence-paradigm-to-ecological-momentary-assessments-in-urban-minority-youth
#16
Mariya P Shiyko, Seth Perkins, Linda Caldwell
All adolescents in general, including ethnic and racial minorities, report high levels of cell phone use, making mobile technology a useful tool for assessment and intervention. Known health and education disparities based on minority status motivated us to conduct an in-depth investigation regarding feasibility of and adherence to the ecological momentary assessment (EMA) research protocol, studying daily life of urban minority youth. In addition, this paper presents a methodological approach to conceptualizing and reporting adherence in EMA studies...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079722/development-and-preliminary-pilot-testing-of-a-peer-support-text-messaging-intervention-for-hiv-infected-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#17
Theresa E Senn, Amy Braksmajer, Patricia Coury-Doniger, Marguerite A Urban, Adam Rossi, Michael P Carey
BACKGROUND: Black men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately infected with HIV and are less well retained along the HIV continuum of care. We report on the feasibility of a peer support text messaging intervention designed to increase retention in HIV care and HIV medication adherence among HIV-infected black men who have sex with men. METHODS: Based on formative research, a cell phone app was developed to support a peer-based text messaging intervention...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072614/cell-phone-calls-in-the-operating-theater-and-staff-distractions-an-observational-study
#18
Alexander Avidan, Galel Yacobi, Charles Weissman, Phillip D Levin
OBJECTIVES: Cell phones are the primary communication tool in our institution. There are no restrictions on their use in the operating rooms. The goal of this study was to evaluate the extent of cell phone use in the operating rooms during elective surgery and to evaluate whether they cause staff distractions. METHODS: The following data on cell phone use were recorded anonymously: number of incoming and outgoing cell phone calls, duration of cell phone calls and their content (patient related, work related, private), who was distracted by the cell phone calls, and duration of distractions...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072463/pilot-study-of-mobile-phone-technology-in-allergic-rhinitis-in-european-countries-the-mask-rhinitis-study
#19
J Bousquet, D P Caimmi, A Bedbrook, M Bewick, P W Hellings, P Devillier, S Arnavielhe, C Bachert, K C Bergmann, G W Canonica, N Chavannes, A A Cruz, R Dahl, P Demoly, G De Vries, E Mathieu-Dupas, A Fink Wagner, J Fonseca, N Guldemond, T Haahtela, B Hellqvist-Dahl, J Just, T Keil, L Klimek, M L Kowalski, M Kuitunen, P Kuna, V Kvedariene, D Laune, A M Pereira, P Carreiro-Martins, E Melén, M Morais-Almeida, J Mullol, A Muraro, R Murray, L Nogueira-Silva, N G Papadopoulos, G Passalacqua, F Portejoie, D Price, D Ryan, B Samolinski, A Sheikh, V Siroux, O Spranger, A Todo Bom, P V Tomazic, A Valero, E Valovirta, A Valiulis, O VandenPlas, S van der Meulen, M van Eerd, M Wickman, T Zuberbier
BACKGROUND: The use of Apps running on smartphones and tablets profoundly affects medicine. The MASK-rhinitis (MACVIA-ARIA Sentinel NetworK for allergic rhinitis) App (Allergy Diary) assesses allergic rhinitis symptoms, disease control and impact on patients' lives. It is freely available in 20 countries (iOS and Android platforms). AIMS: To assess in a pilot study whether (i) Allergy Diary users were able to properly provide baseline characteristics (ii) simple phenotypic characteristics based upon data captured by the Allergy Diary could be identified and (iii) information gathered by this study could suggest novel research questions...
January 10, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068624/measuring-a-conceptual-model-of-the-relationship-between-compulsive-cell-phone-use-in-vehicle-cell-phone-use-and-motor-vehicle-crash
#20
Stephen S O'Connor, Lindsey M Shain, Jennifer M Whitehill, Beth E Ebel
OBJECTIVES: Previous research suggests that anticipation of incoming phone calls or messages and impulsivity are significantly associated with motor vehicle crash. We took a more explanative approach to investigate a conceptual model regarding the direct and indirect effect of compulsive cell phone use and impulsive personality traits on crash risk. METHODS: We recruited a sample of 307 undergraduate college students to complete an online survey that included measures of cell phone use, impulsivity, and history of motor vehicle crash...
February 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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