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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143281/long-term-outcome-in-patients-treated-at-home-during-the-pancytopenic-phase-after-allogeneic-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#1
Olle Ringdén, Behnam Sadeghi, Gianluca Moretti, Sigrun Finnbogadottir, Brita Eriksson, Jonas Mattsson, Britt-Marie Svahn, Mats Remberger
Patients undergoing allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) were given the option to be treated at home during the pancytopenic phase. Daily visits by a nurse and phone calls from a physician from the unit were part of the protocol. During almost two decades, 252 patients with haematological malignancies and non-malignant disorders were included. Median age was 47 (range 0-72) years. Myeloablative conditioning was given to 102 patients and reduced intensity to 150. Donors were matched unrelated (n = 160), HLA-identical siblings (n = 71), or HLA-mismatched (n = 21)...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132486/opticard-an-inexpensive-and-portable-method-of-bedside-direct-fundoscopy
#2
Muhammad Tauseef Omer, Efra Abbas
The use of fundoscopy to observe and grade retinal changes in diabetes and hypertension is well known. Fundus screening is recommended prior to discharge of every neonate from the neonatal unit to rule out congenital cataract. However, the traditional direct fundoscopes are expensive and, therefore, not available in majority of the hospitals in developing countries. Also, fundoscopy needs special expertise to use the device. OptiCard is an inexpensive new method of direct fundoscopy that allows visualization of retina and optic disc with or without the use of cell phone...
November 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119131/bedtime-use-of-technology-and-associated-sleep-problems-in-children
#3
Caitlyn Fuller, Eric Lehman, Steven Hicks, Marsha B Novick
Children comprise one of the largest consumer groups of technology. Sleep is fundamental to optimal functioning during childhood, including health and behavior. The purpose of this study was to explore bedtime electronic use and its impact on 3 health consequences-sleep quantity and quality, inattention, and body mass index. Parents of 234 children, ages 8 to 17 years, were surveyed to quantify hours of technology use (computer, video games, cell phone, and television), hours of sleep, and inattentive behaviors...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111175/recognizing-symptom-burden-in-advanced-prostate-cancer-a-global-patient-and-caregiver-survey
#4
Lawrence Drudge-Coates, William K Oh, Bertrand Tombal, Anthony Delacruz, Brian Tomlinson, Aimee Vella Ripley, Ken Mastris, Joe M O'Sullivan, Neal D Shore
BACKGROUND: Bone metastases in men with prostate cancer are often initially asymptomatic, resulting in delayed identification, diagnosis, and appropriate treatment. To assess how patients with advanced prostate cancer (aPC) communicate symptoms to health care providers, an international patient survey was conducted. METHODS: An online and phone survey was conducted by Harris Poll in 11 countries (Brazil, France, Germany, Japan, Italy, Netherlands, Singapore, Spain, Taiwan, United Kingdom, United States) from February 12 to October 27, 2015, in men with aPC (ie, those who reported as having PC beyond the prostate [metastatic]) and their caregivers...
October 5, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096298/using-cell-phone-location-to-assess-misclassification-errors-in-air-pollution-exposure-estimation
#5
Haofei Yu, Armistead Russell, James Mulholland, Zhijiong Huang
Air pollution epidemiologic and health impact studies often rely on home addresses to estimate individual subject's pollution exposure. In this study, we used detailed cell phone location data, the call detail record (CDR), to account for the impact of spatiotemporal subject mobility on estimates of ambient air pollutant exposure. This approach was applied on a sample with 9886 unique simcard IDs in Shenzhen, China, on one mid-week day in October 2013. Hourly ambient concentrations of six chosen pollutants were simulated by the Community Multi-scale Air Quality model fused with observational data, and matched with detailed location data for these IDs...
October 26, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071453/donor-cornea-tissue-in-cases-of-drowning-or-water-submersion-eye-banks-practice-patterns-and-tissue-outcomes
#6
Nithya P Vijayakumar, Purak Parikh, Shahzad I Mian, Brad Tennant, Gregory H Grossman, Bob Albrecht, Leslie M Niziol, Maria A Woodward
Surgical use of donor corneal tissue from victims of water submersion (drowning or submersion secondary to death) remains controversial due to limited evidence about the quality of these tissues. To assess the safety of donor corneal tissue from victims of water submersion, an investigation of eye banks' practice patterns and tissue outcomes was conducted. All 79 Eye Bank Association of America accredited eye banks were contacted for a phone interview of practices regarding tissue from victims of water submersion...
October 25, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068448/color-manipulation-through-microchip-tinting-for-colorimetric-detection-using-hue-image-analysis
#7
Shannon T Krauss, Aeren Q Nauman, Gavin T Garner, James P Landers
Colorimetry with microfluidic devices has been proven to be an advantageous method for in situ analyses where limited resources and rapid response for untrained users are desired. Image analysis using a small camera or cell phone can be easily incorporated for an objective readout, eliminating variations from normal differences in color perception and environmental factors during analysis. The image analysis using the parameter hue, for example, has been utilized as a highly effective, objective analysis method that correlates with the psychological way color is perceived...
October 25, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067054/the-potential-effect-of-technology-and-distractions-on-undergraduate-students-concentration
#8
Najya A Attia, Lubna Baig, Yousef I Marzouk, Anwar Khan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In the present era, it is difficult to keep the concentration of college students at its maximum potential during the class time, as there are many distractions that negatively impact students' concentration and prevent optimal learning. Technologies such as laptops and cell phones have invaded the classroom, raising considerable concerns about their effects on college students' attention in the classroom. Despite these concerns, no research has been done in Saudi Arabia on the effects of technology and other types of classroom distractions on students' concentration...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065646/design-and-fabrication-of-smart-diapers-with-antibacterial-yarn
#9
Jia-Horng Lin, Bing-Chiuan Shiu, Ching-Wen Lou, Yuan-Jen Chang
In this study, intelligent eco-diapers are made by combining antibacterial yarns coated with quaternary ammonium salts with conductive yarns to improve caretaking for urinary incontinence. The combination of conductive yarns and sensors can detect the moisture content in eco-diapers, and an alarm is sent when moisture is significant. A wireless module is used to send detected signals to a smartphone or tablet PC via the Internet. This concept is used for a scenario in which nurses do not randomly check on patients in a long-term care institution...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062345/distraction-related-road-traffic-collisions
#10
Hani O Eid, Fikri M Abu-Zidan
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to prospectively study distraction-related road traffic collision injuries, their contributory factors, severity, and outcome. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected on all hospitalized road traffic collision trauma patients in Al-Ain City who were drivers at the collision time over one and half years. Driver's inattentive behaviors preceding the collision were collected by interviewing the admitted drivers. RESULTS: There were 444 drivers, 330 of them were fully oriented patients, out of them only 44 (13%) were distracted...
June 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047413/itactic-implementing-treatment-algorithms-for-the-correction-of-trauma-induced-coagulopathy-study-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Kjersti Baksaas-Aasen, Lewis Gall, Simon Eaglestone, Claire Rourke, Nicole P Juffermans, J Carel Goslings, Paal Aksel Naess, Susan van Dieren, Sisse Rye Ostrowski, Jakob Stensballe, Marc Maegele, Simon J Stanworth, Christine Gaarder, Karim Brohi, Per I Johansson
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury is the fourth leading cause of death globally. Half of all trauma deaths are due to bleeding and most of these will occur within 6 h of injury. Haemorrhagic shock following injury has been shown to induce a clotting dysfunction within minutes, and this early trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) may exacerbate bleeding and is associated with higher mortality and morbidity. In spite of improved resuscitation strategies over the last decade, current transfusion therapy still fails to correct TIC during ongoing haemorrhage and evidence for the optimal management of bleeding trauma patients is lacking...
October 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040655/effects-of-1950-mhz-radiofrequency-electromagnetic-fields-on-a%C3%AE-processing-in-human-neuroblastoma-and-mouse-hippocampal-neuronal-cells
#12
Jeongyeon Park, Jong Hwa Kwon, Nam Kim, Kiwon Song
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease leading to progressive loss of memory and other cognitive functions. One of the well-known pathological markers of AD is the accumulation of amyloid-beta protein (Aβ), and its plaques, in the brain. Recent studies using Tg-5XFAD mice as a model of AD have reported that exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) from cellular phones reduced Aβ plaques in the brain and showed beneficial effects on AD. In this study, we examined whether exposure to 1950 MHz RF-EMF affects Aβ processing in neural cells...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038594/synthetic-nanocomposite-mgh2-5-wt-timn2-powders-for-solid-hydrogen-storage-tank-integrated-with-pem-fuel-cell
#13
M Sherif El-Eskandarany, Ehab Shaban, Fahad Aldakheel, Abdullah Alkandary, Montaha Behbehani, M Al-Saidi
Storing hydrogen gas into cylinders under high pressure of 350 bar is not safe and still needs many intensive studies dedic ated for tank's manufacturing. Liquid hydrogen faces also severe practical difficulties due to its very low density, leading to larger fuel tanks three times larger than traditional gasoline tank. Moreover, converting hydrogen gas into liquid phase is not an economic process since it consumes high energy needed to cool down the gas temperature to -252.8 °C. One practical solution is storing hydrogen gas in metal lattice such as Mg powder and its nanocomposites in the form of MgH2...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032000/everyday-multitasking-habits-university-students-seamlessly-text-and-walk-on-a-split-belt-treadmill
#14
Dorelle Clare Hinton, Yeu-Yao Cheng, Caroline Paquette
With increasing numbers of adults owning a cell phone, walking while texting has become common in daily life. Previous research has shown that walking is not entirely automated and when challenged with a secondary task, normal walking patterns are disrupted. This study investigated the effects of texting on the walking patterns of healthy young adults while walking on a split-belt treadmill. Following full adaptation to the split-belt treadmill, thirteen healthy adults (23±3years) walked on a tied-belt and split-belt treadmill, both with and without a simultaneous texting task...
October 7, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030685/combined-effects-of-varicocele-and-cell-phones-on-semen-and-hormonal-parameters
#15
Ingrid Schauer, Badereddin Mohamad Al-Ali
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate if there is a combined effect of varicocele and cell phone storage in trousers pockets on semen and hormonal parameters. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 468 men attending an infertility clinic from 1993-2007 was performed. Varicoceles were determined by clinical examination and patients were questioned on cell phone usage and storage fashion. Semen samples were analyzed according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines of 1999...
October 13, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024835/managed-access-technology-to-combat-contraband-cell-phones-in-prison-findings-from-a-process-evaluation
#16
Eric Grommon
Cell phones in correctional facilities have emerged as one of the most pervasive forms of modern contraband. This issue has been identified as a top priority for many correctional administrators in the United States. Managed access, a technology that utilizes cellular signals to capture transmissions from contraband phones, has received notable attention as a promising tool to combat this problem. However, this technology has received little evaluative attention. The present study offers a foundational process evaluation and draws upon output measures and stakeholder interviews to identify salient operational challenges and subsequent lessons learned about implementing and maintaining a managed access system...
October 5, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017990/healthy-beyond-pregnancy-a-web-based-intervention-to-improve-adherence-to-postpartum-care-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#17
Katherine Park Himes, Heidi Donovan, Stephanie Wang, Carrie Weaver, Jillian Rae Grove, Francesca Lucia Facco
BACKGROUND: During the postpartum visit, health care providers address issues with short- and long-term implications for maternal and child health. Women with Medicaid insurance are less likely to return for a postpartum visit compared with women with private insurance. Behavioral economics acknowledges that people do not make exclusively rational choices, rather immediate gratification, cognitive and psychological biases, and social norms influence decision making. Drawing on insights from decision science, behavioral economists have examined how these biases can be modulated through carefully designed interventions...
October 10, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990944/the-opinion-of-turkish-cardiologists-on-current-malpractice-system-and-an-alternative-patient-compensation-system-proposal-pcs-study-group
#18
Ayhan Olcay, Sadık Volkan Emren, Gamze Babür Güler, Ekrem Güler, Vedat Ertunç, Rida Berilgen, Abdullah Aslan, Ersin Çağrı Şimşek, Şükriye Ebru Gölcük, Kıvanç Yalın
OBJECTIVE: Cardiologists participate in the diagnosis and interventional treatment of numerous high-risk patients. The goal of this study was to investigate how the current malpractice system in Turkey influences cardiologists' diagnostic and interventional behavior and to obtain their opinions about an alternative patient compensation system. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study assessed the practice of defensive medicine among cardiologists who are actively working in various types of workplace within the Turkish healthcare system...
October 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990135/text-messaging-sms-helping-cancer-care-in-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-treatment-a-pilot-study
#19
Timóteo Matthies Rico, Karina Dos Santos Machado, Vanessa Pellegrini Fernandes, Samanta Winck Madruga, Patrícia Tuerlinckx Noguez, Camila Rose Guadalupe Barcelos, Mateus Madail Santin, Cristiane Rios Petrarca, Samuel Carvalho Dumith
Cancer treatment is an extremely stressful life experience that is accompanied by a range of psychological, social, physical, and practical difficulties. Cancer patients need to receive information that helps them to better understand the disease, assists them in decision-making, and helps them deal with treatment. Patients are interested in receiving such information. The degree of satisfaction with the information received has been associated with positive health outcomes, specifically regarding quality of life, severity of side effects, and psychological well-being...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989498/two-vignettes-of-adolescent-sexual-disclosure-guidance-for-hiv-clinical-practice
#20
Bronwen Lichtenstein, Cynthia Rodgers, Lauren Eb Marefka, Marla D Hinson, Dayna Cook-Heard, Stephen D Rygiel, Marsha S Sturdevant
HIV-positive adolescents are required by law to notify sexual partners, but can find it difficult to achieve this goal. This article offers practice guidance for counselling HIV-positive adolescents about sexual disclosure in clinical settings and for building confidence in managing sexual lives with HIV. We use two vignettes to illustrate key differences between perinatally and sexually infected adolescents in terms of readiness to disclose, and include a set of strategies for both groups that can be tailored to individual circumstances and contexts...
January 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
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