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Duodenopancreatectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184692/advanced-duodenal-neoplasia-and-carcinoma-in-familial-adenomatous-polyposis-outcomes-of-surgical-management
#1
Fábio Guilherme Campos, Carlos Augusto Real Martinez, Leonardo Alfonso Bustamante Lopez, Danilo Toshio Kanno, Sérgio Carlos Nahas, Ivan Cecconello
Background: In addition to the presence of neoplasia in the colon and rectum, patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) may develop numerous polyps and carcinoma within the upper gastrointestinal tract. Methods: The aim of the present paper was to review the incidence advanced duodenal polyposis or cancer and their surgical outcomes. A retrospective review of patients' records from our department was performed. Information was retrieved from a prospective collected data, including clinical (gender, age, family history), endoscopic [association with colorectal cancer (CRC), polyposis severity, age at diagnosis] and surgical management (age, time from the index surgery, type of procedure, morbidity)...
October 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926894/-occurrence-pattern-and-impact-of-lymph-node-micrometastasis-in-pancreatic-head-cancer
#2
Y Zhou, H J Wang
Objective: To investigate the occurrence of lymph node micrometastasis in pancreatic head carcinoma and analyze its effect on the prognosis of patients. Methods: The lymph nodes in 40 patients who received pancreatoduodenectomy with regional lymphadenectomy were dissected by surgical magnification microscopy. The expression of cytokeration(AE1/E3) were detected by immunohistochemical staining in the pathologically negative lymph nodes. The frequency of lymph nodes metastases and micrometastases, as well as the relationship between metastasis and prognosis were analyzed...
September 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794960/gastric-perforation-after-duodenopancreatectomy
#3
Henrik Bäcker, Frank Jp Beeres, Marco Rossi, Andreas Scheiwiller
Fungal and bacterial infections are often which may cause sepsis. Mucormycosis is an unfrequent, but often life-threatening disease. A timely diagnosis and treatment is the cornerstone of success. An increase in incidence can be expected, given an aging population and increasing incidence of obesity, diabetes and cancer. We present a rare case where early diagnosis has helped to treat the patient mainly with antifungal therapy as surgical therapy has had high risk of complications.
December 2017: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763470/unr-cdse1-expression-as-prognosis-biomarker-in-resectable-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-patients-a-proof-of-concept
#4
Javier Martinez-Useros, Tihomir Georgiev-Hristov, María Jesús Fernández-Aceñero, Aurea Borrero-Palacios, Alberto Indacochea, Santiago Guerrero, Weiyao Li, Arancha Cebrián, Teresa Gómez Del Pulgar, Alberto Puime-Otin, Laura Del Puerto-Nevado, María Rodríguez-Remírez, Nuria Pérez, Angel Celdrán, Fátima Gebauer, Jesus Garcia-Foncillas
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is an aggressive form of pancreatic cancer and the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death. When possible, curative approaches are based on surgical resection, though not every patient is a candidate for surgery. There are clinical guidelines for the management of these patients that offer different treatment options depending on the clinical and pathologic characteristics. However, the survival rates seen in this kind of patients are still low. The CDSE1 gene is located upstream of NRAS and encodes an RNA-binding protein termed UNR...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755968/surgical-and-medical-approach-to-patients-requiring-total-small-bowel-resection-managing-the-no-gut-syndrome
#5
Ruy J Cruz, Laurie Butera, Kristine Poloyac, Jenee McGurgan, William Stein, David Binion, Abhinav Humar
BACKGROUND: Total resection of the jejunum and ileum, a rarely performed procedure, is indicated after mesenteric vascular events, trauma, or resection of abdominal neoplasms. We describe our recent experience with the operative and medical management of patients with "no gut syndrome." METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 341 adult patients who were referred to our center between January 2013 and December 2016. RESULTS: Thirteen patients with a mean age of 42...
October 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708232/primary-signet-ring-cell-carcinoma-of-the-pancreas-with-a-good-response-to-chemotherapy-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Milan Radojkovic, Dragana Ilic, Ivan Ilic
PURPOSE: Although pancreatic cancer is a common malignancy, signet ring cell carcinoma of the pancreas is a very rare histologic type with only 6 cases reported so far. We present a patient with primary signet ring cell carcinoma of the pancreas and a good response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. CASE REPORT: A 67-year-old woman presented at a regional hospital with a 2-week history of painless progressive jaundice. Abdominal computed tomography showed a tumor in the head of the pancreas, 4...
July 5, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668425/early-liver-metastases-in-resectable-periampullary-cancer-incidence-and-risk-factors
#7
A S Guerard, A Ayav, H Busby, M Lafitte, H Rousseau, V Laurent
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to estimate the incidence of very early hepatic metastases (HMs) (<6 months) and their imaging patterns after cephalic duodenopancreatectomy (CDP) for periampullary carcinoma (excluding duodenal carcinoma) and to identify their associated risk factors. METHODS: From January 2003 to June 2016, all patients who underwent surgical treatment for periampullary carcinoma by CDP at our institution and with adequate pre- and postoperative CT scans were included...
August 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458822/an-original-technique-of-venous-autoplasty-after-duodenopancreatectomy-for-tumors-involving-the-infrarenal-inferior-vena-cava
#8
Bertrand Le Roy, Emmanuel Buc, Constance Hordonneau, Julie Veziant, Denis Pezet, Johan Gagnière
Tumor involvement of the inferior vena cava (IVC) by hepatobiliary, pancreatic or duodenal malignancies can compromise adequate resection. However, radical resection with negative histological margins remains the only chance of cure. Various techniques are used for venous reconstruction, using a prosthetic graft interposition in most of the cases. However, in case of associated digestive resections, such as pancreaticoduodenectomy, postoperative complications can be responsible for prosthesis infection and related vascular complications...
February 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124567/phase-contrast-mri-evaluation-of-haemodynamic-changes-induces-by-a-coeliac-axis-stenosis-in-the-gastroduodenal-artery
#9
Audrey Haquin, Monica Sigovan, Salim Si-Mohamed, Jean-Yves Mabrut, Anne-Frédérique Manichon, Melisa Bakir, Agnès Rode, Loïc Boussel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between the gastroduodenal artery (GDA) haemodynamic changes and the degree of coeliac axis (CA) stenosis using phase-contrast MRI. METHODS: The study was institutional review board approved, and written informed consent was obtained from patients included prospectively. A two-dimensional phase-contrast MRI was performed in 23 patients scheduled for a potential complex supramesocolic surgery, in a plane perpendicular to the GDA, during inspiration and expiration...
April 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033740/intestinal-malrotation-and-replaced-common-hepatic-artery-during-duodenopancreatectomy-a-case-report
#10
Alexander Schank, Philippe Colonval, Mikhaël Salame
BACKGROUND: Intestinal malrotation is a well-known anomaly in the normal rotation process of the midgut during embryogenesis. Multiple forms are described, resulting in various positional configurations of the small bowel and colon. Replaced common hepatic artery is a rare but not anecdotic variant of the standard hepatic vascularization, associated with surgical implications. Our aim is to explain the impact of their simultaneous presence during this procedure and the difficulty in identifying them preoperatively, despite imaging...
December 29, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906105/pancreatic-metastases-from-ocular-malignant-melanoma-the-use-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-to-establish-a-definitive-cytologic-diagnosis-a-case-report
#11
Diogo Turiani Hourneaux De Moura, Danielle Azevedo Chacon, Ryan Tanigawa, Martin Coronel, Spencer Cheng, Éverson L A Artifon, José Jukemura, Eduardo Guimarães Hourneaux De Moura
BACKGROUND: When encountering solid pancreatic lesions, nonpancreatic primary metastases are rare and differentiating a metastasis from a primary neoplastic lesion is challenging. The clinical presentation and radiologic features can be similar and the possibility of a pancreatic metastasis should be considered when the patient refers to a history of a different primary cancer. Endoscopic ultrasound offers a key anatomical advantage in accessing the pancreas and endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration has become the gold standard method for diagnosing pancreatic lesions...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784337/bile-duct-carcinoma-recurrence-in-the-papillary-region-in-a-long-term-survivor-of-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma-a-case-report
#12
D Buchner, U Drebber, D H Chang, D L Stippel
BACKGROUND: Because of its high rate of early recurrence and its poor prognosis, long-term survival after cholangiocarcinoma is rare; therefore, only limited information on patients surviving more than 5 years after surgical therapy is available. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 57-year-old white man who developed a distal bile duct carcinoma 9 years after curative surgical therapy of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. He had undergone a right lobe hemihepatectomy 11 years ago...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778242/surgical-margins-for-duodenopancreatectomy
#13
R Coppola, M Cartillone, D Borzomati, G Nappo, S Valeri, T Petitti, G Perrone
Microscopic residual tumor (R1) affects prognosis of resected pancreatic head cancer patients. Surgeon's ability, caseload and accuracy of pathological staging affect the rate of R1 resections. The goal of this study was to verify if a standardized histopathological workup of the specimen affects the rate of microscopic residual tumor after PD for cancer. Two groups of specimens were managed with (Group 1, Standardized Group, SG) or without (Group 2, Non Standardized Group, NSG) a standardized histopathological workup reported by the Royal College of Pathologists...
September 2016: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664556/minimally-invasive-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-comprehensive-review
#14
REVIEW
Mingjun Wang, He Cai, Lingwei Meng, Yunqiang Cai, Xin Wang, Yongbin Li, Bing Peng
BACKGROUND: While an increasing number of open procedures are now routinely performed laparoscopically or robotically, minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy (MIPD) remains one of the most challenging operations in abdomen. The aim of this study is to evaluate the current status and development of MIPD. METHODS: Embase, Medline, and PubMed databases were searched to identify studies up to and including Feb 2016 using the keywords "laparoscopic", or "laparoscopy", or "hand-assisted", or "minimally invasive", or "robotic", or "da vinci" combined with "pancreaticoduodenectomy", or "duodenopancreatectomy", "Whipple", or "pancreatic resection"...
November 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631168/indications-and-results-of-pancreatic-stump-duct-occlusion-after-duodenopancreatectomy
#15
Sergio Alfieri, Giuseppe Quero, Fausto Rosa, Dario Di Miceli, Antonio Pio Tortorelli, Giovanni Battista Doglietto
Severe post-operative complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) are largely due to pancreatic fistula onset. The occlusion of the main pancreatic duct using synthetic glue may prevent these complications. Aim of this study is to describe this technique and to report short- and long-term results as well as the post-operative endocrine and exocrine insufficiency. Two hundred and four patients who underwent PD with occlusion of the main pancreatic duct in a period of 15 years were retrospectively analyzed...
September 2016: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545699/evidence-based-surgical-treatments-for-chronic-pancreatitis
#16
Jörg Kleeff, Christian Stöß, Julia Mayerle, Lynne Stecher, Matthias Maak, Peter Simon, Ulrich Nitsche, Helmut Friess
BACKGROUND: If conservative treatment of chronic pancreatitis is unsuccessful, surgery is an option. The choice of the most suitable surgical method can be difficult, as the indications, advantages, and disadvantages of the available methods have not yet been fully documented with scientific evidence. METHODS: In April 2015, we carried out a temporally unlimited systematic search for publications on surgery for chronic pancreatitis. The target parameters were morbidity, mortality, pain, endocrine and exocrine insuffi - ciency, weight gain, quality of life, length of hospital stay, and duration of urgery...
July 25, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529834/pancreaticoduodenectomy-in-patients-with-type-1-neurofibromatosis-report-of-two-cases-and-literature-review
#17
Frederico Teixeira, Carlos Augusto Metidieri Menegozzo, Sérgio Dias do Couto Netto, Gustavo Scapini, Eduardo Hiroshi Akaishi, Marcela Pereira Silva Vasconcelos, Edivaldo Massazo Utiyama
INTRODUCTION: Type 1 Neurofibromatosis (NF1) is one of the most common autosomal dominantly inherited multisystem disorders. It is associated with an increased risk of developing neurologic and gastrointestinal (GI) malignant neoplasms. The incidence of GI involvement is reported in 10-25% of patients. Less than 5% of NF1 patients with GI neoplasms manifest symptoms. The presence of synchronic gastrointestinal stromal and neuroendocrine tumors is rare in these patients. PRESENTATION OF CASES: The first case is a 37 year-old male patient with a history of abdominal pain for a few months...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446468/inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-in-the-head-of-the-pancreas-with-anorexia-and-vomiting-in-a-69-year-old-man-a-case-report
#18
Ding Ding, Xianmin Bu, Feng Tian
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare condition of unclear etiology that is commonly observed in the lung but rarely in the pancreas. WHO classified IMT as a potentially malignant or aggressive tumor. In the present report, the case of a 69-year-old male patient with an IMT in the head of the pancreas, who experienced anorexia, nausea and vomiting, is presented. The patient's clinical symptoms were nonspecific, and the imaging findings revealed a hypovascularized pancreatic mass with stenosis of the descending duodenum...
August 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222214/nomogram-to-predict-perioperative-blood-transfusion-for-hepatopancreaticobiliary-and-colorectal-surgery
#19
Y Kim, F Bagante, F Gani, A Ejaz, L Xu, J O Wasey, D J Johnson, S M Frank, T M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Predictive tools assessing risk of transfusion have not been evaluated extensively among patients undergoing complex gastrointestinal surgery. In this study preoperative variables associated with blood transfusion were incorporated into a nomogram to predict transfusion following hepatopancreaticobiliary (HPB) or colorectal surgery. METHODS: A nomogram to predict receipt of perioperative transfusion was developed using a cohort of patients who underwent HPB or colorectal surgery between January 2009 and December 2014...
August 2016: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27055912/management-of-pancreatic-gastrinoma-associated-with-von-hippel-lindau-disease-a-case-report
#20
Ángela Sala Hernández, Eva María Montalvá Orón, Eugenia Pareja Ibars, Neus Ballester Pla, Rafael López Andújar
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNET) are a heterogeneous group and constitute 1.3% of all pancreatic tumors. Approximately 10% of these occur in the context of hereditary syndromes, such as VHL disease. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a female patient of 37 years diagnosed VHL and intervened on several occasions by cerebral hemangioblastoma and renal carcinomas. During its follow-up she was diagnosed 2 gastrinomas functioning under 2 cm were enucleated...
April 8, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
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