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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074754/legal-and-ethical-imperatives-for-using-certified-sign-language-interpreters-in-health-care-settings-how-to-do-no-harm-when-it-s-all-greek-sign-language-to-you
#1
Angela M Nonaka
Communication obstacles in health care settings adversely impact patient-practitioner interactions by impeding service efficiency, reducing mutual trust and satisfaction, or even endangering health outcomes. When interlocutors are separated by language, interpreters are required. The efficacy of interpreting, however, is constrained not just by interpreters' competence but also by health care providers' facility working with interpreters. Deaf individuals whose preferred form of communication is a signed language often encounter communicative barriers in health care settings...
September 1, 2016: Care Management Journals: Journal of Case Management ; the Journal of Long Term Home Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065738/disability-identity-development-model-voices-from-the-ada-generation
#2
Anjali J Forber-Pratt, Marianne P Zape
BACKGROUND: For persons with disabilities, 2015 was a historic year, marking the 25th anniversary of the Americans with Disability Act (ADA) and the 40th anniversary of the passing of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). It is important to consider the effects of this fundamental shift towards equal opportunity and participation on persons with disabilities' identity development. In practice, however, there are few empirical studies that have looked at this phenomenon and even fewer models of disability identity development...
January 1, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029759/americans-with-disabilities-act-ada-accessibility-guidelines-for-transportation-vehicles-final-rule
#3
(no author information available yet)
The Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board or Board) is issuing a final rule that revises its existing accessibility guidelines for non-rail vehicles--namely, buses, over-the-road buses, and vans--acquired or remanufactured by entities covered by the Americans with Disabilities Act. The revised guidelines ensure that such vehicles are readily accessible to, and usable by, individuals with disabilities. The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) is required to revise its accessibility standards for transportation vehicles acquired or remanufactured by entities covered by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) to be consistent with the final rule...
14, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025087/comparing-women-with-and-without-disabilities-in-five-site-healthy-weight-interventions-for-lesbian-bisexual-women-over-40
#4
Michele J Eliason, Jane A McElroy, Samantha Garbers, Asa Radix, Linda Toms Barker
BACKGROUND: Lesbian/bisexual women with physical disabilities (LBPD) are an under-studied population. OBJECTIVES: This study compared LBPD to LB women without physical disabilities as defined by the Americans with Disabilities Act on socio-demographic variables, health characteristics, and quality of life, physical activity, weight, and nutrition outcomes following a health intervention. METHODS: Data came from the Healthy Weight in Lesbian and Bisexual Women Study (HWLB) where 376 LB women were recruited into five geographically dispersed interventions...
December 19, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940924/evidence-based-interventions-for-increasing-work-participation-for-persons-with-various-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#5
Diane L Smith, Katie Atmatzidis, Marisa Capogreco, Dominic Lloyd-Randolfi, Victoria Seman
Title I of the Americans With Disabilities Act prohibits discrimination in employment; however, 26 years later, employment rates for persons with disabilities hover at 34%. This systematic review investigates the effectiveness of evidence-based interventions to increase employment for people with various disabilities. Forty-six articles met the inclusion criteria for evidence-based interventions. The majority of studies assessed interventions for persons with mental health disabilities. Strong evidence was found for ongoing support and work-related social skills training prior to and during competitive employment for persons with mental health disabilities...
December 9, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922900/treat-me-like-everyone-else-the-experience-of-nurses-who-had-disabilities-while-in-school
#6
Leslie Neal-Boylan, Michelle Miller
The Americans With Disabilities Act requires that nursing programs not discriminate against students with disabilities. This article describes a qualitative study of RNs who had disabilities while in nursing school. As students, participants tried to hide their disabilities, experienced fear and anger from faculty, were frequently told they could never be nurses, wanted to be treated like everyone else, had to work harder than others to prove themselves worthy, and learned to advocate for themselves.
December 5, 2016: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866509/assistive-technology-and-older-adults-in-disasters-implications-for-emergency-management
#7
Mary Helen McSweeney-Feld
This article identifies concepts, trends, and policy gaps in the availability and service delivery of assistive technology utilized by older adults in disasters, as well as implications for emergency management planning and shelter administration. Definitions of types of assistive technology, as well as views of older adults using technology as at-risk individuals for emergency management service provision, are provided. An overview of peer-reviewed articles and gray literature is conducted, focusing on publications from 2001 to the present in the United States...
November 21, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854449/state-psychology-licensure-questions-about-mental-illness-and-compliance-with-the-americans-with-disabilities-act
#8
Jennifer E Boyd, Bruce Graunke, Frederick J Frese, James T R Jones, Jennifer W Adkins, Ronald Bassman
State licensing boards have obligations to protect the public from impaired professionals and to protect the rights of professionals applying for licensure. Competently functioning professionals who have or have had a mental health diagnosis or are being treated for a mental health condition should not be screened out, according to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). A review of case law shows applicable precedents from discrimination among physicians and lawyers but not, to date, among psychologists...
2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834248/the-risks-of-using-workplace-wellness-programs-to-foster-a-culture-of-health
#9
Kristin M Madison
In many respects, employers are well positioned to take a leading role in helping create a culture of health. Employers have access to many programs that could be beneficial to their employees' health. The potential for financial gains related to health improvement may motivate employers to offer these programs, and if the gains are realized, they may help finance the programs. At the same time, employers' involvement in such programs may create substantial risks. Enthusiasm about the financial and health gains that wellness programs might yield coexists with concerns about health costs shouldered by employees, the possibility of employment discrimination, and the potential for employers' invasion of employees' privacy...
November 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788525/bilingual-language-assessment-contemporary-versus-recommended-practice-in-american-schools
#10
Graciela Arias, Jennifer Friberg
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify current practices of school-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in the United States for bilingual language assessment and compare them to American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) best practice guidelines and mandates of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA, 2004). Method: The study was modeled to replicate portions of Caesar and Kohler's (2007) study and expanded to include a nationally representative sample...
October 24, 2016: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780028/just-and-realistic-expectations-for-persons-with-disabilities-practicing-nursing
#11
Patricia M Davidson, Cynda Hylton Rushton, Jennifer Dotzenrod, Christina A Godack, Deborah Baker, Marie N Nolan
The Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability and requires schools to provide reasonable accommodations for persons with disabilities. The profession of nursing is striving for diversity and inclusion, but barriers still exist to realizing accommodations for people with disabilities. Promoting disclosure, a supportive and enabling environment, resilience, and realistic expectations are important considerations if we are to include among our ranks health professionals who can understand, based on similar life experiences of disability, a fuller range of perspectives of the patients we care for...
October 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774225/the-problems-of-liminal-states-line-drawing-and-false-dichotomies
#12
Sonia Suter
This commentary focuses on the tenuous line between health and disease and the conflicting characterizations of genetic predisposition that sometimes place it on one side of that line, and sometimes on the other. For example, GINA uses the line between health and disease to distinguish between, respectively, the healthy (including, those with genetic predispositions), who are shielded from discrimination, and those with 'manifested illness,' who are not. At the same time, some have argued that the Americans with Disabilities Act protects individuals with genetic predispositions, relying on a label akin to disability, as opposed to health, to characterize this group...
November 2015: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661247/effect-of-playground-environments-on-the-physical-activity-of-children-with-ambulatory-cerebral-palsy
#13
Brenda Pratt, Nancy S Hartshorne, Pam Mullens, Mary Lou Schilling, Sarah Fuller, Emily Pisani
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of 2 different playground environments on the physical activity of children with ambulatory cerebral palsy during their playground play. METHODS: Five 7- to 8-year-old children with cerebral palsy (Gross Motor Functional Classification System [GMFCS] level II) participated. Using an alternating treatment, single-subject design, stride patterns were obtained using an activity monitor on an Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)-compliant and noncompliant playground...
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588607/proposed-pedestrian-pathway-roughness-thresholds-to-ensure-safety-and-comfort-for-wheelchair-users
#14
Jonathan Duvall, Eric Sinagra, Rory Cooper, Jonathan Pearlman
In the United States, over three million people use a wheelchair for their primary means of mobility and they rely on functional and accessible pathways to participate in their communities. The Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines related to pathway roughness are currently ambiguous, subjective and therefore unable to be measured. Consequently, many public pathways are sufficiently rough to result in harmful vibrations and discomfort for wheelchair users. In previous research, subjective ratings and root-mean-square accelerations were reported from subjects traveling over surfaces with various roughnesses in their own wheelchairs...
September 2, 2016: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404977/sociodemographic-and-access-related-correlates-of-health-care-utilization-among-african-american-injection-drug-users-the-besure-study
#15
Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Christine Powell, Ju Park, Colin Flynn, Danielle German
Persons who inject drugs (PWID) may have less access to, and utilization of, health-care services, and African American PWID may be less likely than other racial groups to utilize health care in the United States. The present study evaluated the prevalence of health-care utilization (HCU) among a cohort of African American PWID in Baltimore. Data were from the 2012 Baltimore National HIV Behavioral Surveillance study. Participants were adult PWID and recruited using respondent-driven sampling (RDS). They completed a comprehensive sociobehavioral survey and voluntary HIV test with trained study interviewers...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344665/piribedil-for-the-treatment-of-motor-and-non-motor-symptoms-of-parkinson-disease
#16
REVIEW
Santiago Perez-Lloret, Olivier Rascol
Dopamine agonists are well-established symptomatic medications for treating early and advanced Parkinson disease (PD). Piribedil was one of the first agonists to be marketed (1969) and is widely used as an extended-release oral formulation in European, Latin-American, and Asian countries. Piribedil acts as a non-ergot partial dopamine D2/D3-selective agonist, blocks alpha2-adrenoreceptors and has minimal effects on serotoninergic, cholinergic, and histaminergic receptors. Animal models support the efficacy of piribedil to improve parkinsonian motor symptoms with a lower propensity than levodopa to induce dyskinesia...
August 2016: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27269027/the-recovery-movement-implications-for-mental-health-care-and-enabling-people-to-participate-fully-in-life
#17
Larry Davidson
The recovery movement, which broadly recognizes the ability of people with mental illnesses to participate in the mainstream of society, stems from a confluence of factors, including longitudinal data showing that many people eventually recover from serious mental illness. Perhaps as important to the emergence and growth of the recovery movement has been the increasing role that people "in recovery" have played in advocating for person-centered care, greater self-determination for those with mental illnesses, and an enhanced focus on restoring functioning for individuals above and beyond symptom reduction...
June 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27264855/americans-with-disabilities-act-its-importance-in-special-care-dentistry
#18
REVIEW
Stanley R Surabian
This article focuses on understanding the Americans with Disabilities Act and developmental disabilities for health care providers in special care dentistry. Essential to this awareness is a comprehension of statutory and regulatory requirements and how state disability acts can be more rigorous in application. Developmental disabilities are re-examined in the context of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition). Understanding of intellectual disability, epilepsy, autism spectrum disorder, and cerebral palsy is necessary because the management of oral health considerations for special care patients has become ever more complex and indispensable...
July 2016: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27235103/guidelines-for-risk-reduction-when-handling-gametes-from-infectious-patients-seeking-assisted-reproductive-technologies
#19
REVIEW
Sangita K Jindal, Richard G Rawlins, Charles H Muller, Erma Z Drobnis
According to the Americans with Disabilities Act (1990), couples with blood-borne viruses that lead to infectious disease cannot be denied fertility treatment as long as the direct threat to the health and safety of others can be reduced or eliminated by a modification of policies or procedures. Three types of infectious patients are commonly discussed in the context of fertility treatment: those with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C or hepatitis B. Seventy-five per cent of hepatitis C or HIV positive men and women are in their reproductive years, and these couples look to assisted reproductive techniques for risk reduction in conceiving a pregnancy...
August 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27192741/genetic-information-nondiscrimination-act-final-rule
#20
(no author information available yet)
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC or Commission) is issuing a final rule to amend the regulations implementing Title II of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 as they relate to employer-sponsored wellness programs. This rule addresses the extent to which an employer may offer an inducement to an employee for the employee's spouse to provide information about the spouse's manifestation of disease or disorder as part of a health risk assessment (HRA) administered in connection with an employer-sponsored wellness program...
May 17, 2016: Federal Register
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