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Americans with disabilities act

Patricia M Davidson, Cynda Hylton Rushton, Jennifer Dotzenrod, Christina A Godack, Deborah Baker, Marie N Nolan
The Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability and requires schools to provide reasonable accommodations for persons with disabilities. The profession of nursing is striving for diversity and inclusion, but barriers still exist to realizing accommodations for people with disabilities. Promoting disclosure, a supportive and enabling environment, resilience, and realistic expectations are important considerations if we are to include among our ranks health professionals who can understand, based on similar life experiences of disability, a fuller range of perspectives of the patients we care for...
October 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
Sonia Suter
This commentary focuses on the tenuous line between health and disease and the conflicting characterizations of genetic predisposition that sometimes place it on one side of that line, and sometimes on the other. For example, GINA uses the line between health and disease to distinguish between, respectively, the healthy (including, those with genetic predispositions), who are shielded from discrimination, and those with 'manifested illness,' who are not. At the same time, some have argued that the Americans with Disabilities Act protects individuals with genetic predispositions, relying on a label akin to disability, as opposed to health, to characterize this group...
November 2015: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
Brenda Pratt, Nancy S Hartshorne, Pam Mullens, Mary Lou Schilling, Sarah Fuller, Emily Pisani
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of 2 different playground environments on the physical activity of children with ambulatory cerebral palsy during their playground play. METHODS: Five 7- to 8-year-old children with cerebral palsy (Gross Motor Functional Classification System [GMFCS] level II) participated. Using an alternating treatment, single-subject design, stride patterns were obtained using an activity monitor on an Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)-compliant and noncompliant playground...
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Jonathan Duvall, Eric Sinagra, Rory Cooper, Jonathan Pearlman
In the United States, over three million people use a wheelchair for their primary means of mobility and they rely on functional and accessible pathways to participate in their communities. The Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines related to pathway roughness are currently ambiguous, subjective and therefore unable to be measured. Consequently, many public pathways are sufficiently rough to result in harmful vibrations and discomfort for wheelchair users. In previous research, subjective ratings and root-mean-square accelerations were reported from subjects traveling over surfaces with various roughnesses in their own wheelchairs...
September 2, 2016: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Christine Powell, Ju Park, Colin Flynn, Danielle German
Persons who inject drugs (PWID) may have less access to, and utilization of, health-care services, and African American PWID may be less likely than other racial groups to utilize health care in the United States. The present study evaluated the prevalence of health-care utilization (HCU) among a cohort of African American PWID in Baltimore. Data were from the 2012 Baltimore National HIV Behavioral Surveillance study. Participants were adult PWID and recruited using respondent-driven sampling (RDS). They completed a comprehensive sociobehavioral survey and voluntary HIV test with trained study interviewers...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Santiago Perez-Lloret, Olivier Rascol
Dopamine agonists are well-established symptomatic medications for treating early and advanced Parkinson disease (PD). Piribedil was one of the first agonists to be marketed (1969) and is widely used as an extended-release oral formulation in European, Latin-American, and Asian countries. Piribedil acts as a non-ergot partial dopamine D2/D3-selective agonist, blocks alpha2-adrenoreceptors and has minimal effects on serotoninergic, cholinergic, and histaminergic receptors. Animal models support the efficacy of piribedil to improve parkinsonian motor symptoms with a lower propensity than levodopa to induce dyskinesia...
August 2016: CNS Drugs
Larry Davidson
The recovery movement, which broadly recognizes the ability of people with mental illnesses to participate in the mainstream of society, stems from a confluence of factors, including longitudinal data showing that many people eventually recover from serious mental illness. Perhaps as important to the emergence and growth of the recovery movement has been the increasing role that people "in recovery" have played in advocating for person-centered care, greater self-determination for those with mental illnesses, and an enhanced focus on restoring functioning for individuals above and beyond symptom reduction...
June 1, 2016: Health Affairs
Stanley R Surabian
This article focuses on understanding the Americans with Disabilities Act and developmental disabilities for health care providers in special care dentistry. Essential to this awareness is a comprehension of statutory and regulatory requirements and how state disability acts can be more rigorous in application. Developmental disabilities are re-examined in the context of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition). Understanding of intellectual disability, epilepsy, autism spectrum disorder, and cerebral palsy is necessary because the management of oral health considerations for special care patients has become ever more complex and indispensable...
July 2016: Dental Clinics of North America
Sangita K Jindal, Richard G Rawlins, Charles H Muller, Erma Z Drobnis
According to the Americans with Disabilities Act (1990), couples with blood-borne viruses that lead to infectious disease cannot be denied fertility treatment as long as the direct threat to the health and safety of others can be reduced or eliminated by a modification of policies or procedures. Three types of infectious patients are commonly discussed in the context of fertility treatment: those with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C or hepatitis B. Seventy-five per cent of hepatitis C or HIV positive men and women are in their reproductive years, and these couples look to assisted reproductive techniques for risk reduction in conceiving a pregnancy...
August 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
(no author information available yet)
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC or Commission) is issuing a final rule to amend the regulations implementing Title II of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 as they relate to employer-sponsored wellness programs. This rule addresses the extent to which an employer may offer an inducement to an employee for the employee's spouse to provide information about the spouse's manifestation of disease or disorder as part of a health risk assessment (HRA) administered in connection with an employer-sponsored wellness program...
May 17, 2016: Federal Register
(no author information available yet)
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC or Commission) is issuing its final rule to amend the regulations and interpretive guidance implementing Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) to provide guidance on the extent to which employers may use incentives to encourage employees to participate in wellness programs that ask them to respond to disability-related inquiries and/or undergo medical examinations. This rule applies to all wellness programs that include disability-related inquiries and/or medical examinations whether they are offered only to employees enrolled in an employer-sponsored group health plan, offered to all employees regardless of whether they are enrolled in such a plan, or offered as a benefit of employment by employers that do not sponsor a group health plan or group health insurance...
May 17, 2016: Federal Register
Lisa I Iezzoni, Stephen G Kurtz, Sowmya R Rao
BACKGROUND: Persons with disabilities have often experienced disparities in routine cancer screening. However, with civil rights protections from the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act, such disparities may diminish over time. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether disability disparities exist for colorectal cancer screening and whether these screening patterns have changed over time. METHODS: We analyzed National Health Interview Survey responses from civilian, non-institutionalized U...
July 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Sara Rosenbaum
In Olmstead v. L.C. by Zimring, the United States Supreme Court addressed the relationship between the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), a landmark in US civil rights law, and the Medicaid program. Olmstead holds that qualified individuals with disabilities who are protected by the ADA have the right to receive publicly funded services in community-integrated treatment settings and that medically unnecessary institutionalization violates the ADA. But the Court had to wrestle with the extent to which the ADA requires state Medicaid programs to make deep and structural reforms in how long-term care services are organized, financed, and delivered...
August 2016: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
Elizabeth Pendo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Hastings Center Report
Allan Krumholz, Jennifer L Hopp, Ana M Sanchez
People with epilepsy identify driving and employment among their major concerns. People with controlled seizures may be permitted to drive in every state in the United States, but people with uncontrolled seizures are restricted from licensure. Unemployment and underemployment for people with epilepsy are serious problems that depend on the frequency and type of seizure disorder and associated medical and psychological problems. Most jobs, with reasonable accommodation by employers, are suitable for people with epilepsy...
May 2016: Neurologic Clinics
Diane Graves Oliver, Cleopatra H Caldwell, Nakesha Faison, Julie A Sweetman, Jamie M Abelson, James S Jackson
Little is known about the epidemiology of (4th ed.; ) intermittent explosive disorder (IED) in adolescents, and no information is currently available regarding the relationship between race/ethnicity and IED among Black youth in the United States. Using the World Health Organization World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview (Adolescent Version), we estimated the prevalence, severity, and disability of IED in a national, probability sample of African American and Caribbean Black youth (ages 13-17) from the National Survey of American Life, Adolescent Supplement...
2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
James B Reed
U.S. service members returning home from combat often face physical, mental and emotional challenges. Providing service dogs to these veterans is one method being used successfully to help address the difficulties they face. Under the federal Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), a service animal is defined as "any dog that is individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability, including a physical, sensory, psychiatric, intellectual or other mental disability...
December 2015: NCSL Legisbrief
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify areas of consensus in response to proposed Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 regulations on employer-sponsored health, safety, and well-being initiatives. METHODS: The consensus process included review of existing and proposed regulations, identification of key areas where consensus is needed, and a methodical consensus-building process...
March 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Kathleen M Murphy, Vinh Nguyen, Ki Shin, Amy Sebastian-Deutsch, Lex Frieden
Introduction Individuals diagnosed with cancer look to health care professionals as primary sources of information. This positions staff in oncology settings in an ideal role to inform patients, who continue workforce participation in increasing numbers, about resources that might help them to handle work-related issues related to their oncological symptoms. This article reports on findings from a survey of staff that provide nonmedical services to cancer patients in two Houston area hospital systems. The impetus for this survey was two-fold: the trend in recent years for increasing numbers of cancer survivors to stay in the workforce after or even during treatment, and low levels of awareness that these employees are eligible for protection under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and its 2008 amendments (ADA Amendments Act of 2008, Pub...
February 8, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Alisa Pascale, Margaret W Beal, Thérèse Fitzgerald
PURPOSE: The annual pap smear for cervical cancer screening, once a mainstay of the well woman visit (WWV), is no longer recommended for most low-risk women. This change has led many women and their health care providers to wonder if they should abandon this annual preventive health visit altogether. Changing guidelines coinciding with expanded WWV coverage for millions of American women under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act have created confusion for health care consumers and care givers alike...
March 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
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