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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035664/understanding-of-how-older-adults-with-low-vision-obtain-process-and-understand-health-information-and-services
#1
Hyung Nam Kim
INTRODUCTION: Twenty-five years after the Americans with Disabilities Act, there has still been a lack of advancement of accessibility in healthcare for people with visual impairments, particularly older adults with low vision. This study aims to advance understanding of how older adults with low vision obtain, process, and use health information and services, and to seek opportunities of information technology to support them. METHODS: A convenience sample of 10 older adults with low vision participated in semi-structured phone interviews, which were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim for analysis...
October 16, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952364/beyond-ada-accessibility-requirements-meeting-seniors-needs-for-toilet-transfers
#2
Su Jin Lee, Jon Sanford, Margaret Calkins, Sarah Melgen, Sarah Endicott, Anjanette Phillips
PURPOSE: To identify the optimal spatial and dimensional requirements of grab bars that support independent and assisted transfers by older adults and their care providers. BACKGROUND: Although research has demonstrated that toilet grab bars based on the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Accessibility Standards do not meet the needs of older adults, the specific dimensional requirements for alternative configurations are unknown. METHODS: A two-phased study with older adults and care providers in residential facilities was conducted to determine the optimal requirements for grab bars...
January 1, 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937443/reducing-disability-durations-and-medical-costs-for-patients-with-a-carpal-tunnel-release-surgery-through-the-use-of-opioid-prescribing-guidelines
#3
Fraser W Gaspar, Roman Kownacki, Catherine S Zaidel, Craig F Conlon, Kurt T Hegmann
OBJECTIVE: The impacts of compliance with opioid prescribing guidelines on disability durations and medical costs for carpal tunnel release (CTR) were examined. METHODS: Using a dataset of insured US employees, opioid prescriptions for 7840 short-term disability cases with a CTR procedure were identified. Opioids prescriptions were compared with the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM)'s opioid prescribing guidelines for postoperative, acute pain, which recommends no more than a 5-day supply, a maximum morphine equivalent dose of 50 mg/day, and only short-acting opioids...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922173/accommodating-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-an-analysis-of-employer-initiated-cases-handled-by-the-job-accommodation-network
#4
D J Hendricks, Elaine Sampson
BACKGROUND: The Job Accommodation Network (JAN) has provided customized accommodation information to employers, individuals with disabilities, and their representatives (e.g., family, rehabilitation counselors, union representatives) since 1983. For each inquiry where such information is sought, detailed records are maintained regarding the type of inquiries made and the information provided. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study is to present a descriptive analysis of the employer-initiated cases related to traumatic brain injury (TBI) handled by the accommodation specialists at JAN during the five years from 2012 through 2016...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876218/deaf-workers-in-restaurant-retail-and-hospitality-sector-employment-harnessing-research-to-promote-advocacy
#5
Hayley Stokar
A quarter century after the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (1990), workplace accommodation is still a struggle for deaf employees and their managers. Many challenges are the result of communication barriers that can be overcome through much needed-though often absent-advocacy and training. The current article highlights the literature on the employment of deaf individuals in the United States service industries of food service, retail, and hospitality conducted from 2000-2016. Exploring dimensions of both hiring and active workplace accommodation, suggestions are made for how social work advocates can harness information and strengthen their approaches for educating managers and supporting workers...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874932/emergency-department-use-across-88-small-areas-after-affordable-care-act-implementation-in-illinois
#6
Joe Feinglass, Andrew J Cooper, Kelsey Rydland, Emilie S Powell, Megan McHugh, Raymond Kang, Scott M Dresden
INTRODUCTION: This study analyzes changes in hospital emergency department (ED) visit rates before and after the 2014 Affordable Care Act (ACA) insurance expansions in Illinois. We compare the association between population insurance status change and ED visit rate change between a 24-month (2012-2013) pre-ACA period and a 24-month post-ACA (2014-2015) period across 88 socioeconomically diverse areas of Illinois. METHODS: We used annual American Community Survey estimates for 2012-2015 to obtain insurance status changes for uninsured, private, Medicaid, and Medicare (disability) populations of 88 Illinois Public Use Micro Areas (PUMAs), areas with a mean of about 90,000 age 18-64 residents...
August 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804246/the-role-of-functional-social-and-mobility-dynamics-in-facilitating-older-african-americans-participation-in-clinical-research
#7
Eve T Shapiro, Jay T Schamel, Kimberly A Parker, Laura A Randall, Paula M Frew
PURPOSE: Older African Americans experience disproportionately higher incidence of morbidity and mortality related to chronic and infectious diseases, yet are significantly underrepresented in clinical research compared to other racial and ethnic groups. This study aimed to understand the extent to which social support, transportation access, and physical impediments function as barriers or facilitators to clinical trial recruitment of older African Americans. METHODS: Participants (N=221) were recruited from six African American churches in Atlanta and surveyed on various influences on clinical trial participation...
2017: Open Access Journal of Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777762/systematic-review-and-knowledge-translation-a-framework-for-synthesizing-heterogeneous-research-evidence
#8
Robert Gould, Sarah Parker Harris, Glenn Fujiura
BACKGROUND: Participatory methodologies in disability and rehabilitation research are used to capture the perspectives of people with disabilities and to recognize the agency of stakeholder groups. Existing resources for conducting systematic reviews seldom provide details about how to integrate stakeholder input into the methodological process. OBJECTIVES: This article considers how knowledge translation strategies can support and advance systematic reviews that include diverse types of research...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762996/the-americans-with-disabilities-act-and-test-anxiety-when-accommodations-are-appropriate
#9
Constance Burke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736421/pathological-disabled-transgender-the-ethics-history-laws-and-contradictions-in-models-that-best-serve-transgender-rights
#10
Lance Wahlert, Sabrina Gill
This article addresses the precarious place of transgender and gender non-cis persons in relation to their discrimination-protections in recent legal, medical, and ethical policies in the United States. At present, there exists a contradiction such that trans persons are considered "pathological" enough that they are included in the latest iteration of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-V) as "gender dysphoric," but they are not included in the category of "disabled" under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)...
2017: Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682094/rehabilitation-research-at-the-national-institutes-of-health-moving-the-field-forward-executive-summary
#11
Walter R Frontera, Jonathan F Bean, Diane Damiano, Linda Ehrlich-Jones, Melanie Fried-Oken, Alan Jette, Ranu Jung, Rick L Lieber, James F Malec, Michael J Mueller, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Keith E Tansey, Aiko Thompson
Approximately 53 million Americans live with a disability. For decades, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been conducting and supporting research to discover new ways to minimize disability and enhance the quality of life of people with disabilities. After the passage of the Americans With Disabilities Act, NIH established the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research, with the goal of developing and implementing a rehabilitation research agenda. Currently, 17 institutes and centers at NIH invest more than $500 million per year in rehabilitation research...
July 6, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661376/expanding-the-implementation-of-the-americans-with-disabilities-act-for-populations-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-the-role-of-organization-level-occupational-therapy-consultation
#12
Caroline J Umeda, Donald J Fogelberg, Tracy Jirikowic, Jennifer S Pitonyak, Tracy M Mroz, Roger I Ideishi
The Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) provides standards and guidance for accessibility and accommodations that remove barriers to facilitate community social participation for individuals with disabilities. However, ADA implementation does not yet fully address the diverse access needs of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), who continue to face barriers to community social participation. This article explores the potential for occupational therapy practitioners to provide organization-level consultation as a means of maximizing community social participation among people with IDD...
July 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566010/extending-the-promise-of-the-older-americans-act-to-persons-aging-with-long-term-disability
#13
Michelle Putnam
This article discusses the need for Older Americans Act (OAA) programs to evaluate and develop where needed the capacity to serve persons aging with long-term disabilities such as intellectual and/or developmental disabilities and physical disabilities including polio, spinal cord injury, and multiple sclerosis. The rationale for this work is the universal access to OAA programs for all adults over 60, regardless of the disability type, age of onset, or severity, acknowledging that other needs-based criteria often need to be met to receive services...
July 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546769/treatment-of-chronic-low-back-pain-new-approaches-on-the-horizon
#14
REVIEW
Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, Shane Mandalia, Jennifer Raasch, Ivana Knezevic, Kenneth D Candido
Back pain is the second leading cause of disability among American adults and is currently treated either with conservative therapy or interventional pain procedures. However, the question that remains is whether we, as physicians, have adequate therapeutic options to offer to the patients who suffer from chronic low back pain but fail both conservative therapy and interventional pain procedures before they consider surgical options such as discectomy, disc arthroplasty, or spinal fusion. The purpose of this article is to review the potential novel therapies that are on the horizon for the treatment of chronic low back pain...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510625/rethinking-ada-signage-standards-for-low-vision-accessibility
#15
Aries Arditi
Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) and International Code Council (ICC) standards for accessible buildings and facilities affect design and construction of all new and renovated buildings throughout the United States, and form the basis for compliance with the ADA. While these standards may result in acceptable accessibility for people who are fully blind, they fall far short of what they could and should accomplish for those with low vision. In this article I critique the standards, detailing their lack of evidence base and other shortcomings...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499004/rehabilitation-research-at-the-national-institutes-of-health-moving-the-field-forward-executive-summary
#16
Walter R Frontera, Jonathan F Bean, Diane Damiano, Linda Ehrlich-Jones, Melanie Fried-Oken, Alan Jette, Ranu Jung, Rick L Lieber, James F Malec, Michael J Mueller, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Keith E Tansey, Aiko Thompson
Approximately 53 million Americans live with a disability. For decades, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been conducting and supporting research to discover new ways to minimize disability and enhance the quality of life of people with disabilities. After the passage of the American With Disabilities Act, the NIH established the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research with the goal of developing and implementing a rehabilitation research agenda. Currently, a total of 17 institutes and centers at NIH invest more than $500 million per year in rehabilitation research...
April 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488838/caring-for-patients-with-service-dogs-information-for-healthcare-providers
#17
Michelle Krawczyk
People with disabilities use various assistance devices to improve their capacity to lead independent and fulfilling lives. Service dogs can be crucial lifesaving companions for their owners. As the use of service dogs increases, nurses are more likely to encounter them in healthcare settings. Service dogs are often confused with therapy or emotional support dogs. While some of their roles overlap, service dogs have distinct protection under the American Disabilities Act (ADA). Knowing the laws and proper procedures regarding service dogs strengthens the abilities of healthcare providers to deliver holistic, patient-centered care...
November 29, 2016: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475421/exploring-accessibility-issues-of-a-public-building-for-the-mobility-impaired-case-study-interstate-bus-terminal-isbt-vijayawada-india
#18
Valliappan Alagappan, Albert Hefferan, Aarthi Parivallal
Right to access in the built environment creates equal and nondiscriminatory opportunities to a person with disabilities in order to move freely around and interact positively without hindrance and barriers. The objective of the study is to understand the existing accessibility related issues and implementation of guidelines and standards for public buildings. The technical verification using onsite and offsite access audit format for current provision of facilities in the internal and external environment has been carried out with the format prepared in reference to Central Public Works Department (CPWD) accessibility guidelines for mobility impaired and elderly and American Disability Act (ADA) guidelines...
May 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422639/rehabilitation-research-at-the-national-institutes-of-health-moving-the-field-forward-executive-summary
#19
Walter R Frontera, Jonathan F Bean, Diane Damiano, Linda Ehrlich-Jones, Melanie Fried-Oken, Alan Jette, Ranu Jung, Rick L Lieber, James F Malec, Michael J Mueller, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Keith E Tansey, Aiko Thompson
Approximately 53 million Americans live with a disability. For decades, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been conducting and supporting research to discover new ways to minimize disability and enhance the quality of life of people with disabilities. After the passage of the Americans With Disabilities Act, NIH established the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research, with the goal of developing and implementing a rehabilitation research agenda. Currently, 17 institutes and centers at NIH invest more than $500 million per year in rehabilitation research...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421684/navigating-the-rolling-hills-of-justice-mental-disabilities-employment-and-the-evolving-jurisprudence-of-the-americans-with-disabilities-act
#20
Lauren Wylonis, Nina T Wylonis, Robert Sadoff
Mental illness and disability affect millions of individuals yearly in the U.S. The most important legislation protecting the mentally disabled in the workplace in the U.S. over the last half century has been the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and its associated legislation and guidance. Although the employee should first request reasonable accommodation with the employer, evaluation by a mental health professional is one of the initial steps for individuals who report significant psychiatric symptoms that are impairing their functioning at work in the U...
March 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
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