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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891167/effect-on-body-weight-and-composition-in-overweight-obese-australian-adults-over-12%C3%A2-months-consumption-of-two-different-types-of-fibre-supplementation-in-a-randomized-trial
#1
Sebely Pal, Suleen Ho, Roland J Gahler, Simon Wood
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Higher fibre intakes are associated with risk reduction for chronic diseases. However, many people find difficulty in consuming sufficient fibre through their diet. Supplements may be an effective alternative. We aimed to investigate the effects of PolyGlycopleX® (PGX®), a proprietary polysaccharide complex and a proprietary Psyllium product (PgxSyl™) (PSY) on diet, body weight and composition in overweight and obese individuals. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This was a double-blind 52 weeks study with 159 people randomized to 3 groups: control (rice flour); PGX (PGX) and proprietary psyllium (PSY)...
2016: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876985/in-vitro-anti-leishmanial-activity-of-satureja-hortensis-and-artemisia-dracunculus-extracts-on-leishmania-major-promastigotes
#2
Farzaneh Mirzaei, Ali Fattahi Bafghi, Mohammad Ali Mohaghegh, Hossein Zarei Jaliani, Roghiyeh Faridnia, Hamed Kalani
Cutaneous leishmaniasis is one of the important skin diseases with diverse clinical manifestations. With an incidence of 0.7-1.3 million cases annually, this disease is often reported from six countries, including Iran. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the anti-leishmanial effect of the three plant hydroalcoholic extracts including fleawort (Plantago psyllium L.), savory (Satureja hortensis L.) and tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus L.) on Leishmania major promastigotes. The hydroalcoholic extract from each plant was extracted and its anti-leishmanial effect was evaluated in different concentrations (100-1000 µg/ml) and at various hours (24, 48 and 72 h)...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871178/use-of-polyethylene-glycol-in-functional-constipation-and-fecal-impaction
#3
Miguel Mínguez, Antonio López Higueras, Javier Júdez
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate in an analytical and descriptive manner the evidence published so far on the use of polyethylene glycol (PEG), with or without electrolytes, in the management of functional constipation and the treatment of fecal impaction. METHODOLOGY: Search on MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane databases until May 2016 of all publications adjusted to the following terms: constipation AND/OR fecal impaction AND (PEG OR polyethylene glycol OR macrogol OR movicol OR idralax OR miralax OR transipeg OR forlax OR golytely OR isocolan OR mulytely) NOT colonoscopy...
November 22, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863994/understanding-the-physics-of-functional-fibers-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract-an-evidence-based-approach-to-resolving-enduring-misconceptions-about-insoluble-and-soluble-fiber
#4
Johnson W McRorie, Nicola M McKeown
Enduring misconceptions about the physical effects of fiber in the gut have led to misunderstandings about the health benefits attributable to insoluble and soluble fiber. This review will focus on isolated functional fibers (eg, fiber supplements) whose effects on clinical outcomes have been readily assessed in well-controlled clinical studies. This review will also focus on three health benefits (cholesterol lowering, improved glycemic control, and normalizing stool form [constipation and diarrhea]) for which reproducible evidence of clinical efficacy has been published...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821191/nutritional-management-of-hyperapob
#5
Valérie Lamantia, Allan Sniderman, May Faraj
Plasma apoB is a more accurate marker of the risk of CVD and type 2 diabetes (T2D) than LDL-cholesterol; however, nutritional reviews targeting apoB are scarce. Here we reviewed eighty-seven nutritional studies and present conclusions in order of strength of evidence. Plasma apoB was reduced in all studies that induced weight loss of 6-12 % using hypoenergetic diets (seven studies; 5440-7110 kJ/d; 1300-1700 kcal/d; 34-50 % carbohydrates; 27-39 % fat; 18-24 % protein). When macronutrients were compared in isoenergetic diets (eleven studies including eight randomised controlled trials (RCT); n 1189), the diets that reduced plasma apoB were composed of 26-51 % carbohydrates, 26-46 % fat, 11-32 % protein, 10-27 % MUFA, 5-14 % PUFA and 7-13 % SFA...
November 8, 2016: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766217/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-psyllium-on-the-viability-of-lactobacillus-acidophilus-in-alginate-polyl-lysine-beads
#6
Jaleh Esmaeilzadeh, Hossein Nazemiyeh, Maryam Maghsoodi, Farzaneh Lotfipour
Purpose: Psylliumseeds are used in traditional herbal medicine to treat various disorders. Moreover, as a soluble fiber, psyllium has potential to stimulate bacterial growth in digestive system. We aimed to substitute alkali-extractable polysaccharides of psyllium for alginate in beads with second coat of poly-l-lysine to coat Lactobacillus acidophilus. Methods: Beads were prepared using extrusion technique. Poly-l-lysine as second coat was incorporated on optimum alginate/psyllium beads using immersion technique...
September 2016: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761216/comparative-study-on-the-effect-of-plantago-psyllium-and-ocimum-basilicum-seeds-on-anthropometric-measures-in-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-patients
#7
Shahab-Aldin Akbarian, Sedigheh Asgary, Awat Feizi, Bijan Iraj, Gholamreza Askari
BACKGROUND: Due to the attribution of fatty liver with some chronic diseases such as obesity, finding a way to control obesity can be useful for the management of fatty liver. This study was performed to assess the effects of Plantago psyllium (PP) and Ocimum basilicum (OB) on anthropometric measurements in people with hepatic steatosis. METHODS: All patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) were enrolled in this four-arm parallel, randomized, and single blind trial...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733202/comparison-of-psyllium-feeding-at-home-and-nasogastric-intubation-of-psyllium-and-magnesium-sulfate-in-the-hospital-as-a-treatment-for-naturally-occurring-colonic-sand-geosediment-accumulations-in-horses-a-retrospective-study
#8
Ritva Kaikkonen, Kati Niinistö, Tiina Lindholm, Marja Raekallio
BACKGROUND: Ingestion of geosediment (further referred as sand) may cause weight loss, diarrhea and acute or recurrent colic in horses. Our aim was to compare the efficacy of three treatment protocols in clearing colonic sand accumulations in clinical patients. This retrospective clinical study consisted of 1097 horses and ponies, which were radiographed for the presence of colonic sand. Horses included to the study (n = 246) were displaying areas of sand in the radiographs of ≥75 cm(2) and were treated medically monitoring the response with radiographs...
October 12, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733151/soluble-fibers-from-psyllium-improve-glycemic-response-and-body-weight-among-diabetes-type-2-patients-randomized-control-trial
#9
Ayman S Abutair, Ihab A Naser, Amin T Hamed
BACKGROUND: Water-soluble dietary fibers intake may help control blood glucose and body weight. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether soluble fiber supplementation from psyllium improves glycemic control indicators and body weight in type 2 diabetic patients. METHOD: Forty type 2 diabetes patients, non-smoker, aged >35 years were stratified to different strata according to sex, age, body mass index (BMI) and fasting blood sugar level (FBS) and randomly assigned into two groups; The intervention group which consists of 20 participants was on soluble fiber (10...
October 12, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722358/sodium-ion-interaction-with-psyllium-husk-plantago-sp
#10
M A Jimoh, W MacNaughtan, H E L Williams, D Greetham, R L Linforth, I D Fisk
The nature of and factors effecting sodium interactions with psyllium were investigated in vitro. In a batch extraction system, psyllium mucilage gel retained at least 50% of sodium across a range of concentrations (5-300 mg sodium per g psyllium) and pH (2-10) environments. FTIR and Na NMR analyses of psyllium gels indicated that binding was complex with non-specific multi-site interactions. The potential use of psyllium husk as a binding agent for the reduction of bioavailable sodium was therefore evaluated...
September 14, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696378/probiotics-fiber-and-herbal-medicinal-products-for-functional-and-inflammatory-bowel-disorders
#11
Diego Currò, Gianluca Ianiro, Silvia Pecere, Stefano Bibbò, Giovanni Cammarota
Functional bowel disorders (FBDs), mainly irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional constipation (FC, also called chronic idiopathic constipation), are highly diffused worldwide. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, although less common, has a strong impact on patients' quality of life, as well as is highly expensive for our healthcare. A definite cure for those disorders is still yet to come. Over the years, several therapeutic approaches complementary or alternative to traditional pharmacological treatments, including probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics, fiber and herbal medicinal products, have been investigated for the management of both groups of diseases...
October 3, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27691938/medical-management-of-coelomic-distention-abnormal-swimming-substrate-retention-and-hematologic-changes-in-a-reef-manta-ray-manta-alfredi
#12
Alexa J McDermott, Cara L Field, Lisa A Hoopes, Tonya M Clauss
An adult, female, reef manta ray (Manta alfredi) was evaluated for abnormal swimming and coelomic distention after colliding with a floating dock in an exhibit. Initial clinical signs included abnormal posture and swimming. Clinical signs progressed to include muscle wasting, poor body condition, and coelomic distention. Further diagnostics revealed excessive exhibit substrate within the gastrointestinal tract, gastric ulcers, free coelomic fluid, possible spinal lesion, possible uterine abnormality, and hematologic changes...
September 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680987/fermented-fiber-supplements-are-no-better-than-placebo-for-a-laxative-effect
#13
Johnson W McRorie, William D Chey
BACKGROUND: Misconceptions about the effects of dietary fiber and 'functional' fiber on stool parameters and constipation persist in the literature. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was conducted with the use of the Scopus and PubMed scientific databases to identify and objectively assess well-controlled clinical studies that evaluated the effects of fiber on stool parameters and constipation. RESULTS: The totality of well-controlled randomized clinical studies show that, to exert a laxative effect, fiber must: (1) resist fermentation to remain intact throughout the large bowel and present in stool, and (2) significantly increase stool water content and stool output, resulting in soft/bulky/easy-to-pass stools...
November 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636880/suppression-of-psyllium-husk-suspension-viscosity-by-addition-of-water-soluble-polysaccharides
#14
Madhuvanti S Kale, Madhav P Yadav, Kyle A Hanah
Psyllium seed husk is an insoluble dietary fiber with many health benefits. It can absorb many times its weight in water, forming very viscous suspensions, which have low palatability and consumer acceptance. We report here a novel approach for decreasing its viscosity, involving inclusion of a soluble polysaccharide in the suspension. This leads to a drastic decrease (up to 87%) in viscosity of suspensions, while maintaining the same dosage level of psyllium and also delivering a significant amount of soluble dietary fiber such as corn bio-fiber gum in a single serving...
October 2016: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516674/medical-mucilage-used-in-traditional-persian-medicine-practice
#15
Ghazaleh Heydarirad, Rasool Choopani, Pasalar Mehdi, Jamileh Mahdavi Jafari
BACKGROUND: Mucilage compounds are pharmaceutically important polysaccharides that have an extensive range of applications, including binding agents, thickeners, water retention agents, emulsion stabilizers, suspending agents, disintegrates, film formers, and gelling agents. A historical approach to medical science written by Iranian scholars could help in identifying excellent ideas and provide valuable information in this field for proper application. The aim of the current study was to introduce some mucilage uses derived from traditional Persian medicine (TPM)...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413236/determination-of-relationship-between-sensory-viscosity-rating-and-instrumental-flow-behaviour-of-soluble-dietary-fibers
#16
Simran Kaur Arora, A A Patel, Naveen Kumar, O P Chauhan
The shear-thinning low, medium and high-viscosity fiber preparations (0.15-1.05 % psyllium husk, 0.07-0.6 % guar gum, 0.15-1.20 % gum tragacanth, 0.1-0.8 % gum karaya, 0.15-1.05 % high-viscosity Carboxy Methyl Cellulose and 0.1-0.7 % xanthan gum) showed that the consistency coefficient (k) was a function of concentration, the relationship being exponential (R(2), 0.87-0.96; P < 0.01). The flow behaviour index (n) (except for gum karaya and CMC) was exponentially related to concentration (R(2), 0...
April 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314323/potential-benefits-of-dietary-fibre-intervention-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#17
REVIEW
Celestine Wong, Philip J Harris, Lynnette R Ferguson
Intestinal dysbiosis is thought to be an important cause of disease progression and the gastrointestinal symptoms experienced in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Inflammation appears to be a major contributor in perpetuating a dysregulated gut microbiota. Although current drug therapies can significantly induce and maintain disease remission, there is no cure for these diseases. Nevertheless, ongoing human studies investigating dietary fibre interventions may potentially prove to exert beneficial outcomes for IBD...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216846/how-well-can-we-control-dyslipidemias-through-lifestyle-modifications
#18
REVIEW
Gabriele Riccardi, Olga Vaccaro, Giuseppina Costabile, Angela A Rivellese
The role for lifestyle modifications to correct dyslipidemia(s) is reviewed. Dietary composition is crucial. Replacing saturated fat with MUFA or n-6 PUFA lowers plasma low-density lipoproteins (LDL) cholesterol and ameliorates the LDL/HDL ratio. Replacing saturated fat with carbohydrates has diverging effects due to the heterogeneity of carbohydrate foods. Diets rich in refined carbohydrates increase fasting and postprandial triglycerides, whereas the consumption of fiber-rich, low GI foods lowers LDL cholesterol with no detrimental effects on triglycerides...
July 2016: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200074/erratum-non-targeted-metabolite-profiling-and-scavenging-activity-unveil-the-nutraceutical-potential-of-psyllium-plantago-ovata-forsk
#19
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 431 in vol. 7, PMID: 27092153.].
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27175514/additional-therapy-for-cholesterol-lowering-in-ezetimibe-treated-statin-intolerant-patients-in-clinical-practice-results-from-an-internal-audit-of-a-university-lipid-clinic
#20
Arrigo F G Cicero, Martino Morbini, Marilisa Bove, Sergio D'Addato, Federica Fogacci, Martina Rosticci, Claudio Borghi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate the tolerability and efficacy of alternative approaches to improve cholesterolemia control in patients with statin-related myalgia treated with ezetimibe. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 3534 Clinical Report Forms (CRFs) filled in the period June 2012-June 2015 for first visits to the lipid clinic of the University of Bologna. For this study, we selected 252 CRFs based on the following criteria: statin-related myalgia, previous failed treatment with at least two low-dosed statins, well-tolerated treatment with ezetimibe...
May 13, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
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