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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723946/-plantago-psyllium-secondary-anaphylaxis-case-report
#1
Rodrigo Collado-Chagoya, Javier Hernández-Romero, Gumaro Alejandro Eliosa-Alvarado, Ana Carmen García-González, Rosa Isela Campos-Gutiérrez, Andrea Velasco-Medina, Guillermo Velázquez-Sámano
BACKGROUND: Psyllium is a derivative of Plantago ovata ground seed and husk that is used as bulk-forming laxatives owing to its hydrocolloid properties. CASE REPORT: 43-year-old female nurse with previous diagnosis of drug allergy and allergic rhinitis who, after the preparation and administration of a laxative, developed rhinoconjunctivitis symptoms, urticarial syndrome, angioedema and bronchospasm, which led to conclude that she had an anaphylactic reaction. She was treated with adrenaline, corticosteroids and antihistamines...
January 2018: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715274/dissection-of-genotype-%C3%A3-environment-interactions-for-mucilage-and-seed-yield-in-plantago-species-application-of-ammi-and-gge-biplot-analyses
#2
Zolfaghar Shahriari, Bahram Heidari, Ali Dadkhodaie
Genotype × environment interaction (GEI) is an important aspect of both plant breeding and the successful introduction of new cultivars. In the present study, additive main effects and multiplicative interactions (AMMI) and genotype (G) main effects and genotype (G) × environment (E) interaction (GGE) biplot analyses were used to identify stable genotypes and to dissect GEI in Plantago. In total, 10 managed field trials were considered as environments to analyze GEI in thirty genotypes belonging to eight Plantago species...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696035/comparison-of-two-calorie-reduced-diets-of-different-carbohydrate-and-fiber-contents-and-a-simple-dietary-advice-aimed-to-modify-carbohydrate-intake-on-glycemic-control-and-inflammatory-markers-in-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-trial
#3
Hamid Ghalandari, Mahdieh Kamalpour, Ashraf Alimadadi, Javad Nasrollahzadeh
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a simple dietary advice with two energy-restricted diets with different carbohydrate and fiber contents on anthropometric, biochemical, and inflammatory markers over an 8-wk intervention period in individuals with diabetes. Methods: Forty-seven patients with type 2 diabetes (31 women and 16 men; age: 52.9 ± 8.0 years, body mass index: 29.5 ± 4.9 kg.m-2 ) completed an 8-wk randomized intervention trial that compared a simple dietary advice aimed to modulate carbohydrate intake (n = 13) with the two calorie-restricted (CR) diets (25% caloric restriction from total energy requirements) differing with regard to carbohydrate and fiber content, one with higher fiber (CRHF) containing 55% energy from carbohydrate plus a tablespoon of psyllium powder (n = 18) and the other with lower carbohydrate (CRLC) containing 40% energy from carbohydrate plus placebo powder (n = 16)...
January 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628808/dietary-fiber-intake-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-an-umbrella-review-of-meta-analyses
#4
REVIEW
Marc P McRae
Objective: The purpose of this study was to review previously published meta-analyses on the effectiveness of dietary fiber on type 2 diabetes. Methods: An umbrella review of all published meta-analyses was performed. A PubMed search from January 1, 1980, to April 30, 2017, was conducted using the following search strategy: (fiber OR glucan OR psyllium) AND (meta-analysis OR systematic review). Only English-language publications that provided quantitative statistical analysis on type 2 diabetes, fasting blood glucose concentrations, or glycosylated hemoglobin were retrieved...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621980/modulations-in-the-offspring-gut-microbiome-are-refractory-to-postnatal-synbiotic-supplementation-among-juvenile-primates
#5
Ryan M Pace, Amanda L Prince, Jun Ma, Benjamin D W Belfort, Alexia S Harvey, Min Hu, Karalee Baquero, Peter Blundell, Diana Takahashi, Tyler Dean, Paul Kievit, Elinor L Sullivan, Jacob E Friedman, Kevin Grove, Kjersti M Aagaard
BACKGROUND: We and others have previously shown that alterations in the mammalian gut microbiome are associated with diet, notably early life exposure to a maternal high fat diet (HFD). Here, we aimed to further these studies by examining alterations in the gut microbiome of juvenile Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) that were exposed to a maternal HFD, weaned onto a control diet, and later supplemented with a synbiotic comprised of psyllium seed and Enterococcus and Lactobacillus species...
April 5, 2018: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607676/comparing-the-effect-of-psyllium-seed-on-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-with-oral-omeprazole-in-patients-with-functional-constipation
#6
Mousalreza Hosseini, Roshanak Salari, Mina Akbari Rad, Maryam Salehi, Batul Birjandi, Masoumeh Salari
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most common gastrointestinal diseases. Several studies have been carried out on the treatment of symptoms associated with GERD. The present study aimed to compare the effect of Psyllium seed and oral omeprazole on GERD in patients with functional constipation. In this trial, 132 patients were divided into 2 groups. The impact of omeprazole and Psyllium seed on the treatment and recurrence of GERD was studied. Among the patients, the rate of response to treatment was 89...
January 2018: Journal of evidence-based integrative medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599554/catastrophic-gastric-rupture-in-a-horse-secondary-to-psyllium-pharmacobezoars
#7
Thomas C Bergstrom, R Russell Sakai, Jorge E Nieto
A mare was euthanized because of gastric rupture secondary to complete duodenal obstruction by 2 bezoars located in the pylorus and proximal duodenum. Infrared spectroscopy showed that the bezoars were composed of psyllium. The mare had been receiving treatment with a pelleted psyllium product at 4 times the recommended dosage. Veterinarians should be aware that treatment of colic in horses with pelleted psyllium products could be associated with gastric impaction.
March 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561196/modulation-of-colonic-hydrogen-sulfide-production-by-diet-and-mesalazine-utilizing-a-novel-gas-profiling-technology
#8
Chu K Yao, Asaf Rotbart, Jian Z Ou, Kourosh Kalantar-Zadeh, Jane G Muir, Peter R Gibson
Excessive hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) production from gut microbial metabolism may have clinically important relevance in the pathogenesis of gut disorders, including ulcerative colitis. However, little is known regarding factors that alter its production. Using a newly-designed in vitro gas-profiling technology, the study aimed to verify real-time H2 S measurement reproducibility and thereafter, assess its production following exposure to dietary factors and 5-aminosalicylate acid (5-ASA). Measurements of H2 S, carbon dioxide, hydrogen and methane measurements were compared between gas-profiling systems...
March 21, 2018: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423387/the-effect-of-soluble-fiber-supplementation-on-metabolic-syndrome-profile-among-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-patients
#9
Ayman S Abutair, Ihab A Naser, Amin T Hamed
Diets with high fiber content improve most metabolic syndrome (MetS) profile in non-diabetic individuals, but there is scarce information about the role of fiber intake in patients with the MetS and diabetes. The objective of this study is to determine whether soluble fiber supplementation improve MetS profile for 8 weeks of intervention in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2D) adult patients. After one week of dietary stabilization phase, 36 newly diagnosed T2D patients were stratified to different strata according to sex, age, fasting blood sugar (FBS), and waist circumference (WC)...
January 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366903/design-of-psyllium-g-poly-acrylic-acid-co-sodium-acrylate-cloisite-10a-semi-ipn-nanocomposite-hydrogel-and-its-mechanical-rheological-and-controlled-drug-release-behaviour
#10
Sayan Ganguly, Subhadip Mondal, Poushali Das, Poushali Bhawal, Priti Prasanna Maity, Sabyasachi Ghosh, Santanu Dhara, Narayan Ch Das
Soft biomaterials derived from polysaccharides are generally suffers from lack of mechanical robustness and instability. The naturally occurring highly abundance low cost polysaccharide has immense aspect as biomaterial after functionalization which can be designed as stretchable and rubber-like elastic with reversible ductility. A highly swellable, stretchable, low creep, non-cytotoxic nanocomposite hydrogel has been fabricated by simple one-pot Michael type covalent grafting of acrylic acid based copolymer onto psyllium biomacromolecular chian by free radical gelation technique...
May 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363027/pharmacodynamics-safety-and-tolerability-of-the-nhe3-inhibitor-tenapanor-two-trials-in-healthy-volunteers
#11
David P Rosenbaum, Andrew Yan, Jeffrey W Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Tenapanor, a small molecule with minimal systemic availability, is a first-in-class sodium/hydrogen exchanger 3 (NHE3) inhibitor that acts in the gut. Here, we evaluate the pharmacodynamics and safety of tenapanor in healthy adults. METHODS: Two phase I, single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies were performed. The first study assessed single-ascending oral tenapanor doses of 10, 50, 150, 450, and 900 mg (n = 8 per group; six tenapanor, two placebo) and multiple ascending doses over 7 days of 3, 10, 30, and 100 mg q...
April 2018: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276461/dietary-fiber-is-beneficial-for-the-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-an-umbrella-review-of-meta-analyses
#12
Marc P McRae
Objective: The purpose of this study was to review previously published meta-analyses on the effectiveness of dietary fiber on cardiovascular disease. Methods: An umbrella review of all published meta-analyses was performed. A PubMed search from January 1, 1980, to January 31, 2017, was conducted using the following search strategy: (fiber OR glucan OR psyllium OR fructans) AND (meta-analysis OR systematic review). Only English-language publications that provided quantitative statistical analysis on cardiovascular disease, lipid concentrations, or blood pressure were retrieved...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185927/supplemental-psyllium-fibre-regulates-the-intestinal-barrier-and-inflammation-in-normal-and-colitic-mice
#13
Miyuki Ogata, Tasuku Ogita, Hiroyuki Tari, Teruaki Arakawa, Takuya Suzuki
Our previous study demonstrated that supplemental psyllium fibre increased cytoprotective heat-shock protein (Hsp) 25 levels in the intestinal cells of mice. Here, we examined the effect of psyllium fibre on colonic gene and protein expression and faecal microbiota in normal and colitic mice to improve the understanding of the preventive role of the supplement. DNA microarray analysis revealed that a 10 % psyllium fibre diet administered for 5 d up-regulated eleven extracellular matrix (ECM)-associated genes, including collagens and fibronectins, in normal mice...
November 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174952/interactions-between-diet-and-the-intestinal-microbiota-alter-intestinal-permeability-and-colitis-severity-in-mice
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Sean R Llewellyn, Graham J Britton, Eduardo J Contijoch, Olivia H Vennaro, Arthur Mortha, Jean-Frederic Colombel, Ari Grinspan, Jose C Clemente, Miriam Merad, Jeremiah J Faith
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It is not clear how the complex interactions between diet and the intestinal microbiota affect development of mucosal inflammation or inflammatory bowel disease. We investigated interactions between dietary ingredients, nutrients, and the microbiota in specific pathogen-free (SPF) and germ-free (GF) mice given more than 40 unique diets; we quantified individual and synergistic effects of dietary macronutrients and the microbiota on intestinal health and development of colitis...
March 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156307/gum-xanthan-psyllium-cl-poly-acrylic-acid-co-itaconic-acid-based-adsorbent-for-effective-removal-of-cationic-and-anionic-dyes-adsorption-isotherms-kinetics-and-thermodynamic-studies
#15
Sukriti Chaudhary, Jitender Sharma, Balbir S Kaith, Satender Yadav, Ashish Kumar Sharma, Aayushi Goel
The present work highlights the synthesis of the adsorbent based on Gum xanthan-psyllium hybrid backbone graft co-polymerized with polyacrylic acid-co-polyitaconic acid chains for the rapid sequestration of auramine-O (Aur-O) and eriochrome black-T (EBT) dyes from the aqueous fluid. The excellent dye removal efficiency of 90.53% for EBT and 95.63% for Aur-O was found at initial dye concentration of 30mgL-1 (EBT) and 15 mgL-1 (Aur-O) 40mL-1 with an adsorbent dose of 600mg within time duration of 5h and 323K temp...
March 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153856/the-effect-of-viscous-soluble-fiber-on-blood-pressure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
K Khan, E Jovanovski, H V T Ho, A C R Marques, A Zurbau, S B Mejia, J L Sievenpiper, V Vuksan
AIMS: Dietary fiber intake, especially viscous soluble fiber, has been established as a means to reduce cardiometabolic risk factors. Whether this is true for blood pressure remains controversial. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to investigate the effects of viscous soluble fiber supplementation on blood pressure and quantify the effect of individual fibers. DATA SYNTHESIS: MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched...
January 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138791/a-new-heteropolysaccharide-from-the-seed-husks-of-plantago-asiatica-l-with-its-thermal-and-antioxidant-properties
#17
Yuge Niu, Na Li, Sierkemideke Alaxi, Guoren Huang, Lei Chen, Ziqian Feng
A new heteropolysaccharide (PMH) with a molecular weight of 1.4 × 103 kDa was isolated from the seed husks of Plantago asiatica L. The monosaccharide composition of PMH was determined as glucose, xylose, arabinose, rhamnose, galactose and galacturonic acid with a molar ratio of 1.0 : 1.8 : 2.4 : 3.8 : 4.9 : 8.5. The backbone of PMH consisted of 1,4-β-d-GalpA with the side chains mainly composed of 1,3-α-d-Galp and 1,2-α-d-Galp which were attached to the O-3 of GlapA. The thermal analysis using the Flynn-Wall-Ozawa (FWO) method revealed that PMH had an apparent activation energy (Ea ) of 173...
December 13, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111068/microwave-assisted-synthesis-of-binary-grafted-psyllium-and-its-utility-in-anticancer-formulation
#18
Deepak Kumar, Jyoti Pandey, Pramendra Kumar
A binary grafted copolymer of Psyllium mucilage (Psy) with acrylic acid (AA) and acrylonitrile (An) has been successfully synthesized under microwave conditions for in vitro drug release study. The grafting was confirmed by FTIR spectroscopy, XRD, SEM, EDX, TGA analytical techniques and the intrinsic viscosity study. The swelling behavior of grafted material has been studied in solution of different pH and time. We also prepare Psy-g-Poly (AA-co-An) based beads with anti-cancer drug [(2-Chloro-3-(4-hydroxyphenylamino) naphthalene-1, 4-dione)]...
January 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971691/is-fibre-an-effective-strategy-to-improve-laxation-in-long-term-care-residents
#19
Wendy J Dahl, Daniela Rivero Mendoza
The high prevalence of constipation in long-term care (LTC) residents has been a long-standing issue for caregivers, attending health professionals, and the residents themselves. The traditional medical response has been to utilize pharmaceutical laxatives, enemas, and suppositories for treatment. The purpose of this review was to determine if fibre supplementation (including fibre added to foods) is effective in increasing stool frequency, improving stool consistency, and decreasing laxative use in LTC residents...
March 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956658/short-term-supplementation-of-a-moderate-carbohydrate-diet-with-psyllium-reduces-fasting-plasma-insulin-and-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Mahdieh Kamalpour, Hamid Ghalandari, Javad Nasrollahzadeh
The purpose of this study was to compare effects of a moderate carbohydrate diet supplemented with psyllium with those of a lower carbohydrate diet supplemented with placebo powder on glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). In an open randomized controlled trial, 37 patients with T2D with body mass index (BMI) 25-35 kg/m2 received either a low-energy, moderate carbohydrate diet plus 7 grams of psyllium powder (MoCyllium group) or a low-energy, lower carbohydrate diet plus placebo powder (LoCarb group) for 2 weeks...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
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