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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346129/health-information-exchange-as-a-complex-and-adaptive-construct-scoping-review
#1
Ather Akhlaq, Aziz Sheikh, Claudia Pagliari
OBJECTIVE: To understand how the concept of Health Information Exchange (HIE) has evolved over time. METHODS:  Supplementary analysis of data from a systematic scoping review of definitions of HIE from 1900 to 2014, involving temporal analysis of underpinning themes. RESULTS: The search identified 268 unique definitions of HIE dating from 1957 onwards; 103 in scientific databases and 165 in Google. These contained consistent themes, representing the core concept of exchanging health information electronically, as well as fluid themes, reflecting the evolving policy, business, organisational and technological context of HIE (including the emergence of HIE as an organisational 'entity')...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345371/ewma-document-negative-pressure-wound-therapy
#2
Jan Apelqvist, Christian Willy, Ann-Mari Fagerdahl, Marco Fraccalvieri, Malin Malmsjö, Alberto Piaggesi, Astrid Probst, Peter Vowden
1. Introduction Since its introduction in clinical practice in the early 1990's negative pressure wounds therapy (NPWT) has become widely used in the management of complex wounds in both inpatient and outpatient care.(1) NPWT has been described as a effective treatment for wounds of many different aetiologies(2,3) and suggested as a gold standard for treatment of wounds such as open abdominal wounds,(4-6) dehisced sternal wounds following cardiac surgery(7,8) and as a valuable agent in complex non-healing wounds...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338450/postoperative-quality-of-life-assessment-in-patients-with-spine-metastases-treated-with-long-segment-pedicle-screw-fixation
#3
Florian Bernard, Jean-Michel Lemée, Olivier Lucas, Philippe Menei
OBJECTIVE In recent decades, progress in the medical management of cancer has been significant, resulting in considerable extension of survival for patients with metastatic disease. This has, in turn, led to increased attention to the optimal surgical management of bone lesions, including metastases to the spine. In addition, there has been a shift in focus toward improving quality of life and reducing hospital stay for these patients, and many minimally invasive techniques have been introduced with the aim of reducing the morbidity associated with more traditional open approaches...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337403/an-expanded-conceptual-framework-for-solution-focused-management-of-chemical-pollution-in-european-waters
#4
John Munthe, Eva Brorström-Lundén, Magnus Rahmberg, Leo Posthuma, Rolf Altenburger, Werner Brack, Dirk Bunke, Guy Engelen, Bernd Manfred Gawlik, Jos van Gils, David López Herráez, Tomas Rydberg, Jaroslav Slobodnik, Annemarie van Wezel
BACKGROUND: This paper describes a conceptual framework for solutions-focused management of chemical contaminants built on novel and systematic approaches for identifying, quantifying and reducing risks of these substances. METHODS: The conceptual framework was developed in interaction with stakeholders representing relevant authorities and organisations responsible for managing environmental quality of water bodies. Stakeholder needs were compiled via a survey and dialogue...
2017: Environmental Sciences Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334802/engagement-strategies-that-foster-community-self-determination-in-participatory-research-insider-ownership-through-outsider-championship
#5
Jon Salsberg, Soultana Macridis, Enrique Garcia Bengoechea, Ann C Macaulay, Spencer Moore
Background.: In order to maximize the benefits of community-based participatory research, effective ownership over the research process must be at least equally in the hands of the community. A previous social network analysis documented that the participatory research process shifted ownership from academic to community partners, but did not show what actions and strategies fostered this shift. Objectives.: This study follows the trajectory of a community-academic partnership and asks, from the perspective of the project stakeholders, which actions and strategies over the lifespan of the research led to the observed shift in ownership and decision-making from the original external academics to the community stakeholders? Methods...
February 18, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334465/nurses-contribution-to-short-term-humanitarian-care-in-low-to-middle-income-countries-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Sonja Dawson, Doug Elliott, Debra Jackson
AIM: To appraise the literature related to voluntary humanitarian work provided by international nurses in low to middle income countries (LMICs). BACKGROUND: Nurses and other health professionals are engaged with both governmental and non-governmental organisations to provide care within international humanitarian relief and development contexts. Current literature describes accounts of charitable health professional activity within short-term health focused humanitarian trips; however, there is minimal research describing the care that nurses provide and the professional roles and tasks they fulfil whilst participating in international volunteer health care service...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334457/a-bibliometric-review-of-drug-and-alcohol-research-focused-on-indigenous-peoples-of-australia-new-zealand-canada-and-the-united-states
#7
REVIEW
Anton Clifford, Anthony Shakeshaft
ISSUES: Indigenous peoples of Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States experience a disproportionately high burden of harms from substance misuse. Research is therefore required to improve our understanding of substance use in Indigenous populations and provide evidence on strategies effective for reducing harmful use. APPROACH: A search of 13 electronic databases for peer-reviewed articles published between 1993 and 2014 focusing on substance use and Indigenous peoples of Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331540/effect-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-training-program-on-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-primary-school-teachers-in-kaduna-north-west-nigeria
#8
Dupe Lasisi, Cornelius Ani, Victor Lasebikan, Lateef Sheikh, Olayinka Omigbodun
BACKGROUND: There are indications that teachers have limited knowledge about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), despite its high prevalence in childhood and its long-term effects on students such as academic underachievement, reduced self-esteem, and social and behavioural difficulties. This study is therefore aimed at assessing the effect of an ADHD training program on the knowledge of ADHD among primary school teachers in Kaduna, Nigeria and their attitudes towards pupils with ADHD...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330647/hypoxia-and-hif-pathway-in-cancer-and-the-placenta
#9
Philip S Macklin, James McAuliffe, Christopher W Pugh, Atsushi Yamamoto
In this review we note that the placenta and cancer both develop in microenvironments in which there are gradients of oxygen availability. Whilst fundamentally different in that placental development is organised and physiological whilst cancer is chaotic and pathological, there are similarities in their respective capacities to proliferate, invade adjacent tissues, generate a blood supply and avoid rejection by the immune system. We provide a brief description of the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) pathway and indicate the ways by which HIF activity can be regulated to achieve oxygen homeostasis...
March 16, 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329826/supportive-supervision-and-staff-intent-to-turn-over-in-long-term-care-homes
#10
Jennifer Bethell, Charlene H Chu, Walter P Wodchis, Kevin Walker, Steven C Stewart, Katherine S McGilton
Background and Objectives: To examine the association between supervisory support and intent to turn over among personal support workers (PSWs) employed in long-term care (LTC) homes in Ontario, Canada, by assessing whether the association is mediated by job satisfaction and the potential confounding effect of happiness. Research Design and Methods: Cross-sectional survey data of 5,645 PSWs working within 398 LTC homes in Ontario, Canada, were obtained and analysed through a series of multilevel regression models...
March 14, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327120/where-s-the-evidence-a-systematic-review-of-economic-analyses-of-residential-aged-care-infrastructure
#11
Tiffany Easton, Rachel Milte, Maria Crotty, Julie Ratcliffe
BACKGROUND: Residential care infrastructure, in terms of the characteristics of the organisation (such as proprietary status, size, and location) and the physical environment, have been found to directly influence resident outcomes. This review aimed to summarise the existing literature of economic evaluations of residential care infrastructure. METHODS: A systematic review of English language articles using AgeLine, CINAHL, Econlit, Informit (databases in Health; Business and Law; Social Sciences), Medline, ProQuest, Scopus, and Web of Science with retrieval up to 14 December 2015...
March 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327016/social-media-toolkit
#12
(no author information available yet)
Skills for Health has launched an online social media toolkit for healthcare organisations. Created with support from Public Health Wales, it aims to offer advice and best practice on using social media effectively. It also advises on how to encourage organisations to embrace a digital culture.
March 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326996/impact-of-music-on-the-quality-of-life-of-cochlear-implant-users-a-focus-group-study
#13
Giorgos Dritsakis, Rachel M van Besouw, Aoife O' Meara
OBJECTIVE: To study the aspects of the quality of life (QoL) on which music has an impact in adult cochlear implant (CI) users. METHODS: Thirty adult CI users aged between 18 and 81 years old with a wide range of patient characteristics and musical backgrounds participated in the study. Six focus group discussions about music in everyday life were conducted and data were analysed using template analysis based on the QoL model of the World Health Organisation Quality of Life BREF questionnaire...
March 22, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326923/shared-worlds-multi-sited-ethnography-and-nursing-research
#14
Luke Molloy, Kim Walker, Richard Lakeman
Background Ethnography, originally developed for the study of supposedly small-scale societies, is now faced with an increasingly mobile, changing and globalised world. Cultural identities can exist without reference to a specific location and extend beyond regional and national boundaries. It is therefore no longer imperative that the sole object of the ethnographer's practice should be a geographically bounded site. Aim To present a critical methodological review of multi-sited ethnography. Discussion Understanding that it can no longer be taken with any certainty that location alone determines culture, multi-sited ethnography provides a method of contextualising multi-sited social phenomena...
March 22, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326573/the-economic-cost-of-failure-in-clinical-education-a-multi-perspective-analysis
#15
Jonathan Foo, George Rivers, Dragan Ilic, Darrell J R Evans, Kieran Walsh, Terrence Haines, Sophie Paynter, Prue Morgan, Karl Lincke, Haria Lambrou, Anna Nethercote, Stephen Maloney
CONTEXT: Failure by students in health professional clinical education intertwines the health and education sectors, with actions in one having potential downstream effects on the other. It is unknown what economic costs are associated with failure, how these costs are distributed, and the impacts these have on students, clinicians and workplace productivity. An understanding of cost drivers and cost boundaries will enable evidence-based targeting of strategic investments into clinical education, including where they should be made and by whom...
March 21, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322527/-estensione-dell-et%C3%A3-bersaglio-del-programma-di-screening-mammografico-e-governo-della-pratica-mammografica-in-emilia-romagna
#16
Priscilla Sassoli de Bianchi, Alessandra Ravaioli, Stefano Ferretti, Alba Carola Finarelli, Adriana Giannini, Carlo Naldoni, Piera Sanna, Lauro Bucchi
"OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the effectiveness of the regional law No.1035 enacted in 2009 by the local government of the Emilia- Romagna Region (Northern Italy) with the purpose of revising the rules of access to breast-care services. The law dictated the extension of the organised mammography screening programme to women aged 45-49 and 70-74 years in order to decrease their spontaneous screening rates and, thus, the waiting times for the access to diagnostic mammography by women of all ages. DESIGN: study of time trends (joinpoint regression analysis and before/ after analysis) in annual percent mammography rates and in waiting times for access to clinical radiology facilities (2006-2014) among resident women...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322427/the-neuronal-correlates-of-mirror-illusion-in-children-with-spastic-hemiparesis-a-study-with-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#17
Christian Weisstanner, Stefanie Saxer, Roland Wiest, Alain Kaelin-Lang, Christopher J Newman, Maja Steinlin, Sebastian Grunt
AIM: To investigate the neuronal activation pattern underlying the effects of mirror illusion in children/adolescents with normal motor development and in children/adolescents with hemiparesis and preserved contralateral corticospinal organisation. METHOD: The type of cortical reorganisation was classified according to results of transcranial magnetic stimulation. Only subjects with congenital lesions and physiological contralateral cortical reorganisation were included...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321267/is-endocarditis-prophylaxis-for-dental-procedures-necessary
#18
COMMENT
Kathryn A Taubert, Walter Wilson
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose is to address whether antimicrobial prophylaxis is necessary before certain dental procedures for patients at increased risk for acquiring infective endocarditis (IE). METHODS: We reviewed recommendations for IE prophylaxis made by the American Heart Association (AHA) from 1995 to the present time. We also compared and contrasted the current recommendations from the AHA, European Society of Cardiology (ESC), United Kingdom's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and a consortium of French organisations...
2017: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320798/interventions-to-improve-the-self-management-support-health-professionals-provide-for-people-with-progressive-neurological-conditions-protocol-for-a-realist-synthesis
#19
Freya Davies, Fiona Wood, Alison Bullock, Carolyn Wallace, Adrian Edwards
INTRODUCTION: Supporting self-management among people with long-term conditions is recognised as an important component of healthcare. Progressive neurological conditions (PNCs), for example, Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis are associated with problems such as fatigue and cognitive impairment which may make self-management more challenging. Health professionals may need to develop specific skills in order to provide effective self-management support for these patients. The review aims to develop explanatory theories about how health professional-targeted interventions to improve self-management support provision for people with PNCs operate in different circumstances...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320788/effectiveness-of-chronic-care-models-for-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-europe-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Brenda W C Bongaerts, Karsten Müssig, Johan Wens, Caroline Lang, Peter Schwarz, Michael Roden, Wolfgang Rathmann
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the effectiveness of European chronic care programmes for type 2 diabetes mellitus (characterised by integrative care and a multicomponent framework for enhancing healthcare delivery), compared with usual diabetes care. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL and CINAHL from January 2000 to July 2015. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials focussing on (1) adults with type 2 diabetes, (2) multifaceted diabetes care interventions specifically designed for type 2 diabetes and delivered in primary or secondary care, targeting patient, physician and healthcare organisation and (3) usual diabetes care as the control intervention...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
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