keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

IRE1

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929238/nuclease-integrated-kinase-super-assemblies-niks-and-their-role-in-rna-processing
#1
REVIEW
Monica C Pillon, Robin E Stanley
Here we highlight the Grc3/Las1 complex, an essential RNA processing machine that is well conserved across eukaryotes and required for processing the pre-ribosomal RNA (pre-rRNA). Las1 is an endoribonuclease that cleaves the pre-rRNA while Grc3 is a polynucleotide kinase that phosphorylates the Las1-cleaved RNA product. Recently we showed that Grc3 and Las1 assemble into a higher-order complex composed of a dimer of Grc3/Las1 heterodimers that is required for nuclease and kinase activity. Unexpectedly, we found that the Grc3/Las1 complex draws numerous parallels with two other eukaryotic nucleases, Ire1 and RNase L...
September 19, 2017: Current Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929194/adapting-secretory-proteostasis-and-function-through-the-unfolded-protein-response
#2
Madeline Y Wong, Andrew S DiChiara, Patreece H Suen, Kenny Chen, Ngoc-Duc Doan, Matthew D Shoulders
Cells address challenges to protein folding in the secretory pathway by engaging endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-localized protective mechanisms that are collectively termed the unfolded protein response (UPR). By the action of the transmembrane signal transducers IRE1, PERK, and ATF6, the UPR induces networks of genes whose products alleviate the burden of protein misfolding. The UPR also plays instructive roles in cell differentiation and development, aids in the response to pathogens, and coordinates the output of professional secretory cells...
September 20, 2017: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921568/neuronal-activity-dependent-local-activation-of-dendritic-unfolded-protein-response-promotes-expression-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-cell-soma
#3
Atsushi Saito, Longjie Cai, Koji Matsuhisa, Yosuke Ohtake, Masayuki Kaneko, Soshi Kanemoto, Rie Asada, Kazunori Imaizumi
Unfolded protein response (UPR) has roles not only in resolving the accumulation of unfolded proteins owing to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, but also in regulation of cellular physiological functions. ER stress transducers providing the branches of UPR signaling are known to localize in distal dendritic ER of neurons. These reports suggest that local activation of UPR branches may produce integrated outputs for distant communication, and allow regulation of local events in highly polarized neurons. Here, we demonstrated that synaptic activity- and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-dependent local activation of UPR signaling could be associated with dendritic functions through retrograde signal propagation by using murine neuroblastoma cell line, Neuro-2A and primary cultured hippocampal neurons derived from postnatal day 0 litter C57BL/6 mice...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915629/ier3ip1-deficiency-leads-to-increased-%C3%AE-cell-death-and-decreased-%C3%AE-cell-proliferation
#4
Juan Sun, Decheng Ren
Mutations in the gene for Immediate Early Response 3 Interacting Protein 1 (IER3IP1) cause permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus in human. The mechanisms involved have not been determined and the role of IER3IP1 in β-cell survival has not been characterized. In order to determine if there is a molecular link between IER3IP1 deficiency and β-cell survival and proliferation, we knocked down Ier3ip1 gene expression in mouse MIN6 insulinoma cells. IER3IP1 suppression induced apoptotic cell death which was associated with an increase in Bim and a decrease in Bcl-xL...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888981/hypoxia-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes-suppresses-adiponectin-expression-via-the-perk-and-ire1-unfolded-protein-response
#5
Qian Guo, Sanli Jin, Hailong Hu, Ying Zhou, Yuheng Yan, He Zong, Yu Wang, Hongjuan He, Yuri Oh, Chuanpeng Liu, Ning Gu
Adiponectin, an adipocytokine produced by adipocytes, functions as an anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic substance, while also enhancing insulin sensitivity. Patients or model animals with obesity or diabetes typically present attenuated expression of adiponectin. Moreover, obesity and diabetes are often accompanied with hypoxia in adipose tissue, which may result in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress as well as low expression of adiponectin. The purpose of this study was to investigate the specific role of the unfolded protein response (UPR) involved in the low expression of adiponectin induced by hypoxia...
September 6, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886896/the-ire1-twist-that-links-proteostatic-with-lipostatic-control-of-the-endoplasmic-reticulum
#6
Tomás Aragón, Eelco van Anken
The unfolded protein response (UPR) governs homeostasis of both luminal content and membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). In Molecular Cell, Halbleib et al. identified how a twist in the juxta-membrane amphipathic helix of the UPR transducer Ire1 in yeast is essential for responding to both proteostatic and lipostatic ER stress.
September 5, 2017: Trends in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883998/endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-unfolded-protein-response-in-infection-by-intracellular-parasites
#7
REVIEW
Luca Galluzzi, Aurora Diotallevi, Mauro Magnani
Perturbations of the physiological status of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) trigger a specific response known as the ER stress response or unfolded protein response (UPR). In mammalian cells, the UPR is mediated by three ER transmembrane proteins (IRE1, PERK and ATF6) which activate three signaling cascades to restore ER homeostasis. In recent years, a cross-talk between UPR, inflammatory and microbial sensing pathways has been elucidated. Pathogen infection can lead to UPR activation; moreover, several pathogens subvert the UPR to promote their survival and replication...
August 2017: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882789/litopenaeus-vannamei-activating-transcription-factor-6-alpha-gene-involvement-in-er-stress-response-and-white-spot-symptom-virus-infection
#8
Kai Yuan, Hong-Hui He, Chao-Zheng Zhang, Xiao-Yun Li, Shao-Ping Weng, Jian-Guo He, Yi-Hong Chen
A previous study found that inositol-requiring enzyme-1-X-box binding protein 1 (IRE1-XBP1) pathway and the protein kinase RNA (PKR)-like ER kinase-eIF2α (PERK-eIF2α) pathway of shrimp play roles in the unfolded protein response (UPR). And they also be proved that was involved in white spot symptom virus (WSSV) infection. Yet the functions of the third branch in shrimp UPR are still unclear. In this study, we showed that upon UPR activation, activating transcription factor 6 alpha (LvATF6α) of Litopenaeus vannamei was cleaved and transferred from the cytoplasm to the nucleus in 293T cells, indicating that the ATF6 pathway in shrimp is also a branch of UPR...
September 4, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867719/er-stress-and-disease-toward-prevention-and-treatment
#9
Masayuki Kaneko, Kazunori Imaizumi, Atsushi Saito, Soshi Kanemoto, Rie Asada, Koji Matsuhisa, Yosuke Ohtake
Secretory and membrane proteins are synthesized in ribosomes, then mature in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), but if ER function is impaired, immature defective proteins accumulate in the ER. This situation is called ER stress: in response, a defensive mechanism called the unfolded protein response (UPR) is activated in cells to reduce the defective proteins. During the UPR, the ER transmembrane sensor molecules inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1), activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6), and RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR)-like ER kinase (PERK) are activated, stress signals are transduced to the outside of the ER, and various cell responses, including gene induction, occur...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854261/gemcitabine-treatment-induces-endoplasmic-reticular-er-stress-and-subsequently-upregulates-urokinase-plasminogen-activator-upa-to-block-mitochondrial-dependent-apoptosis-in-panc-1-cancer-stem-like-cells-cscs
#10
Li Wang, Yi Zhang, Weiguo Wang, Yunjie Zhu, Yang Chen, Bole Tian
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an aggressive cancer with poor survival rates. The presence of cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) is believed to be among the underlying reasons for the aggressiveness of PDAC, which contributes to chemoresistance and recurrence. However, the mechanisms that induce chemoresistance and inhibit apoptosis remain largely unknown. METHODS: We used serum-free medium to enrich CSCs from panc-1 human pancreatic cancer cells and performed sphere formation testing, flow cytometry, quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and semi-quantitative western blotting to confirm the stemness of panc-1 CSCs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843399/valosin-containing-protein-p97-as-a-novel-therapeutic-target-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#11
Gabriele Gugliotta, Makoto Sudo, Qi Cao, De-Chen Lin, Haibo Sun, Sumiko Takao, Ronan Le Moigne, Mark Rolfe, Sigal Gery, Markus Müschen, Michele Cavo, H Phillip Koeffler
B acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) cells are distinctively vulnerable to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Recently, inhibition of p97 was shown to induce ER stress and subsequently cell death in solid tumors and in multiple myeloma. We investigated the role of a novel, orally available, p97 inhibitor (CB-5083; Cleave Biosciences) in B-ALL. CB-5083 induced a significant reduction in viability in 10 human B-ALL cell lines, harboring the most common fusion-genes involved in pediatric and adult B-ALL, with IC50s ranging from 0...
August 24, 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838965/blocking-autophagy-enhances-the-pro-apoptotic-effect-of-bufalin-on-human-gastric-cancer-cells-through-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress
#12
Hongyan Zhao, Qinghua Li, Jie Pang, Huilin Jin, Hongwei Li, Xiaoying Yang
Bufalin has been used to treat cancer for several years. However, the molecular mechanisms for its anti-tumor function are not fully understood. This work aimed to investigate the effect of bufalin on the proliferation and apoptosis of human gastric cancer (HGC) cells and the roles of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and autophagy in bufalin induced apoptosis. HGC cell lines, SGC7901 and BGC823 were treated with different concentration of bufalin or 80 nmol/l bufalin for 1, 2, 3 and 4 days. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and direct cell counting method were used to detect proliferation...
August 24, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832690/development-of-a-fluorescent-reporter-system-for-monitoring-er-stress-in-chinese-hamster-ovary-cells-and-its-application-for-therapeutic-protein-production
#13
Gargi Roy, Shu Zhang, Lina Li, Eileen Higham, Herren Wu, Marcello Marelli, Michael A Bowen
Mammalian cell expression systems have become a workhorse for the production of biotherapeutic proteins. As such, there is an ever increasing demand for higher productivity from these expression platforms to reduce manufacturing costs. While great advances have been made in the optimization of culture conditions and cell line selection to improve productivity, protein mis-folding remains a common limitation to high levels of production of therapeutic proteins. Accumulation of mis- and unfolded protein in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) causes ER stress and initiates the unfolded protein response (UPR) that results in an activation of protein folding machinery, translation attenuation in an effort to proper folding of the newly synthesized peptides or may even lead to apoptosis if the correct folding is not restored...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832521/opposite-roles-of-rnase-and-kinase-activities-of-inositol-requiring-enzyme-1-ire1-on-hsv-1-replication
#14
Airong Su, Huanru Wang, Yanlei Li, Xiaohui Wang, Deyan Chen, Zhiwei Wu
In response to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress induced by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection, host cells activate the unfolded protein response (UPR) to reduce the protein-folding burden in the ER. The regulation of UPR upon HSV-1 infection is complex, and the downstream effectors can be detrimental to viral replication. Therefore, HSV-1 copes with the UPR to create a beneficial environment for its replication. UPR has three branches, including protein kinase RNA (PKR)-like ER kinase (PERK), inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1), and activated transcription factor 6 (ATF6)...
August 23, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822073/isorhynchophylline-attenuates-mpp-induced-apoptosis-through-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-mitochondria-dependent-pathways-in-pc12-cells-involvement-of-antioxidant-activity
#15
Xiao-Ming Li, Xiao-Jie Zhang, Miao-Xian Dong
Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) and mitochondrial dysfunctions are thought to be involved in the dopaminergic neuronal death in Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, we found that isorhynchophylline (IRN) significantly attenuated 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+))-induced apoptotic cell death and oxidative stress in PC12 cells. IRN markedly reduced MPP(+)-induced-ERS responses, indicative of inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1) phosphorylation and caspase-12 activation. Furthermore, IRN inhibits MPP(+)-triggered apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1)/c-Jun N-terminal Kinase (JNK) signaling-mediated mitochondria-dependent apoptosis pathway...
August 18, 2017: Neuromolecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808300/pterostilbene-exerts-anticancer-activity-on-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-via-activating-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress
#16
Zhiqiang Ma, Yang Yang, Shouyin Di, Xiao Feng, Dong Liu, Shuai Jiang, Wei Hu, Zhigang Qin, Yue Li, Jianjun Lv, Chongxi Fan, Xiaolong Yan, Xiaofei Li
Pterostilbene (PT), the natural dimethylated analog of resveratrol (RSV), is a potent anticarcinogen for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but its anti-NSCLC mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we show that PT treatment time- and dose-dependently enhanced the endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) signaling (i.e., p-PERK, IRE1, ATF4, CHOP), thus decreasing the cell viability and inducing apoptosis in human PC9 and A549 NSCLC cell lines. Moreover, the decreased migratory and adhesive abilities, downregulation of intracellular glutathione (GSH) level, enhanced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, Caspase 3 activity and mitochondrial membrane depolarization were observed in NSCLC cells treated with PT...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794819/upregulation-of-autophagy-genes-and-the-unfolded-protein-response-in-human-heart-failure
#17
Brian C Jensen, Scott J Bultman, Darcy Holley, Wei Tang, Gustaaf de Ridder, Salvatore Pizzo, Dawn Bowles, Monte S Willis
The cellular environment of the mammalian heart constantly is challenged with environmental and intrinsic pathological insults, which affect the proper folding of proteins in heart failure. The effects of damaged or misfolded proteins on the cell can be profound and result in a process termed "proteotoxicity". While proteotoxicity is best known for its role in mediating the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, its role in human heart failure also has been recognized. The UPR involves three branches, including PERK, ATF6, and IRE1...
2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794014/iron-affects-ire1-clustering-propensity-and-the-amplitude-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-signaling
#18
Nir Cohen, Michal Breker, Anush Bakunts, Kristina Pesek, Ainara Chas, Josepmaria Argemí, Andrea Orsi, Lihi Gal, Silvia Chuartzman, Yoav Wigelman, Felix Jonas, Peter Walter, Robert Ernst, Tomás Aragón, Eelco van Anken, Maya Schuldiner
The unfolded protein response (UPR) allows cells to adjust secretory pathway capacity according to need. Ire1, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress sensor and central activator of the UPR is conserved from the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae to humans. Under ER stress conditions, Ire1 clusters into foci that enable optimal UPR activation. To discover factors that affect Ire1 clustering, we performed a high-content screen using a whole-genome yeast mutant library expressing Ire1-mCherry. We imaged the strains following UPR induction and found 154 strains that displayed alterations in Ire1 clustering...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775151/the-requirement-of-ire1-xbp1-in-resolving-physiological-stress-during-drosophila-development
#19
Huai-Wei Huang, Xiaomei Zeng, Taiyoun Rhim, David Ron, Hyung Don Ryoo
IRE1 mediates the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) in part by regulating XBP1 mRNA splicing in response to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. In cultured metazoan cells, IRE1 also exhibits XBP1-independent biochemical activities. IRE1 and XBP1 are developmentally essential genes in Drosophila and mammals, but the source of the physiological ER stress and the relative contributions of XBP1 activation versus other IRE1 functions to development remain unknown. Here, employed Drosophila to address this question...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760844/inhibitory-effect-ofquercetinon-titaniumparticle-inducedendoplasmic-reticulum-stress-ers-related-apoptosisandin-vivoosteolysis
#20
Laibo Zhang, Zhoubin Tian, Wei Li, Xianquan Wang, Zhentao Man, Shui Sun
Wear particle-induced periprosthetic osteolysis is the main cause of aseptic loosening of orthopaedic implants. The aim of this study is to determine the protective effect of quercetin (QUE) against titanium (Ti) particle-induced ERS-related apoptosis and osteolysis. In this study, RAW264.7 cells were pretreated with different concentrations (40, 80, and 160 μmol/l) of QUE for 30 min and then treated with Ti particle (5 mg/ml) for 24 h. Cell viability and apoptosis were determined using MTT assay and Annexin V-FITC apoptosis detection kit, respectively...
July 31, 2017: Bioscience Reports
keyword
keyword
27818
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"