keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

IRE1

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437467/mutant-uromodulin-expression-leads-to-altered-homeostasis-of-the-endoplasmic-reticulum-and-activates-the-unfolded-protein-response
#1
Céline Schaeffer, Stefania Merella, Elena Pasqualetto, Dejan Lazarevic, Luca Rampoldi
Uromodulin is the most abundant urinary protein in physiological conditions. It is exclusively produced by renal epithelial cells lining the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop (TAL) and it plays key roles in kidney function and disease. Mutations in UMOD, the gene encoding uromodulin, cause autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease uromodulin-related (ADTKD-UMOD), characterised by hyperuricemia, gout and progressive loss of renal function. While the primary effect of UMOD mutations, retention in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), is well established, its downstream effects are still largely unknown...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436754/5-7-3-4-tetramethoxyflavone-protects-chondrocytes-from-er-stress-induced-apoptosis-through-regulation-of-the-ire1%C3%AE-pathway
#2
Longhuo Wu, Haiqing Liu, Linfu Li, Daohua Xu, Yun Gao, Yingjie Guan, Qian Chen
AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the roles of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) transmembrane sensor inositol-requiring enzyme-1 (IRE1)α signaling in ER stress-induced chondrocyte apoptosis, and to determine the molecular mechanisms underlying chondroprotective activity of 5,7,3',4'-tetramethoxyflavone (TMF) from Murraya Exotica. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IRE1α was knocked down by siRNA transfection in chondrocytes, which were harvested from rats' knee cartilages. Chondrocytes with IRE1α deficiency were administrated with tunicamycin (TM) and TMF...
April 24, 2017: Connective Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433684/activating-transcription-factor-6-dependent-sestrin-2-induction-ameliorates-er-stress-mediated-liver-injury
#3
Kyung Hwan Jegal, Sang Mi Park, Sam Seok Cho, Sung Hui Byun, Sae Kwang Ku, Sang Chan Kim, Sung Hwan Ki, Il Je Cho
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is characterized by an accumulation of misfolded proteins, and ER stress reduction is essential for maintaining tissue homeostasis. However, the molecular mechanisms that protect cells from ER stress are not completely understood. The present study investigated the role of sestrin 2 (SESN2) on ER stress and sought to elucidate the mechanism responsible for the hepatoprotective effect of SESN2 in vitro and in vivo. Treatment with tunicamycin (Tm) increased SESN2 protein and mRNA levels and reporter gene activity...
April 19, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430592/resveratrol-protects-against-early-polymicrobial-sepsis-induced-acute-kidney-injury-through-inhibiting-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-activated-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#4
Nian Wang, Li Mao, Liu Yang, Jiang Zou, Ke Liu, Meidong Liu, Huali Zhang, Xianzhong Xiao, Kangkai Wang
Resveratrol, a polyphenol compound derived from various edible plants, protects against sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) via its anti-inflammatory activity, but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this study, a rat model of sepsis was established by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP), 30 mg/kg resveratrol was intraperitoneally administrated immediately after the CLP operation. HK-2 cells treated by 1 μg/ml lipopolysaccharide, 0.2 μM tunicamycin, 2.5 mM irestatin 9389 and 20 μM resveratrol were used for in vitro study...
April 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423496/mtor-inhibitors-activate-perk-signaling-and-favor-viability-of-gastrointestinal-neuroendocrine-cell-lines
#5
Patricia Freis, Julien Bollard, Justine Lebeau, Patrick Massoma, Joëlle Fauvre, Cécile Vercherat, Thomas Walter, Serge Manié, Colette Roche, Jean-Yves Scoazec, Carole Ferraro-Peyret
mTOR and Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) are two signaling pathways frequently activated in cancer cells. The mTOR pathway has been shown to be up-regulated in most gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. In contrast, little is known about the UPR status in neoplastic neuroendocrine cells. However, these hormone-producing cells are likely to present distinctive adaptations of this pathway, as other secretory cells. We therefore analyzed the status of the three axes of UPR and their relation to mTOR pathway in two gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors (GI-NET) cell lines STC-1 and GluTag...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418390/ire1-gives-weight-to-obesity-associated-inflammation
#6
Bojan Bujisic, Fabio Martinon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415630/resveratrol-alleviates-ffa-and-ccl4-induced-apoptosis-in-hepg2-cells-via-restoring-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress
#7
Fenghua Li, Yang Yang, Lili Yang, Kai Wang, Xing Zhang, Yunlong Zong, Yixin Ding, Changhong Wang, Li Zhang, Guang Ji
Cell apoptosis often induces inflammation and injury in the liver, with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress as the most possible reason. Resveratrol (RSV) has been shown to prevent hepatic steatosis and alleviate apoptosis, however, the exact mechanisms underlying the effects still need to be explored. Here we co-cultured HepG2 cells with free fatty acid (FFA) solution (oleic acid: palmitic acid = 2:1) and then exposed to a carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) solution to induce apoptosis. To evaluate the therapeutic effects, RSV (2...
March 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405686/long-non-coding-rna-meg3-induces-cell-apoptosis-in-esophageal-cancer-through-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress
#8
Zhen-Lun Huang, Rui-Pei Chen, Xiao-Tao Zhou, Hao-Lian Zhan, Min-Min Hu, Bin Liu, Guan-Di Wu, Ling-Fei Wu
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in diverse biological processes, such as cell growth, apoptosis and migration. Although downregulation of lncRNA MEG3 has been identified in several cancers, little is known about its role in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The aim of the present study was to detect MEG3 expression in clinical ESCC tissues, investigate its biological functions and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-relative mechanism. MEG3 expression levels were detected by qRT-PCR in both tumor tissues and adjacent non-tumor tissues from 28 ESCC patients...
May 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403212/longitudinal-monitoring-of-gaussia-and-nano-luciferase-activities-to-concurrently-assess-er-calcium-homeostasis-and-er-stress-in-vivo
#9
Emily S Wires, Mark J Henderson, Xiaokang Yan, Susanne Bäck, Kathleen A Trychta, Molly H Lutrey, Brandon K Harvey
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is essential to many cellular processes including protein processing, lipid metabolism and calcium storage. The ability to longitudinally monitor ER homeostasis in the same organism would offer insight into progressive molecular and cellular adaptations to physiologic or pathologic states, but has been challenging. We recently described the creation of a Gaussia luciferase (GLuc)-based secreted ER calcium-modulated protein (SERCaMP or GLuc-SERCaMP) to longitudinally monitor ER calcium homeostasis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395113/a-novel-role-for-crtc2-in-hepatic-cholesterol-synthesis-via-srebp-2
#10
Yujie Li, Yongfeng Song, Meng Zhao, Yanjing Guo, Chunxiao Yu, Wenbin Chen, Shanshan Shao, Chao Xu, Xinli Zhou, Lifang Zhao, Zhenhai Zhang, Tao Bo, Yu Xia, Christopher G Proud, Xuemin Wang, Li Wang, Jiajun Zhao, Ling Gao
Cholesterol synthesis is regulated by the transcription factor SREBP-2 and its target gene 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCR), which is the rate-limiting enzyme in cholesterol synthesis. CREB-regulated transcription coactivator (CRTC) 2 is the master regulator of glucose metabolism. However, the effect of CRTC2 on cholesterol and its potential molecular mechanism remain unclear. Here, we demonstrated that CRTC2 expression and the liver cholesterol content were increased in patients with high serum cholesterol levels who underwent resection of liver hemangiomas, as well as in mice fed a 4% cholesterol diet...
April 10, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389754/roles-of-grp78-in-female-mammalian-reproduction
#11
Cheng Zhang
The glucose-regulated protein (GRP78) also referred to as immunoglobulin heavy chain binding protein (Bip) is one of the best characterized endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone proteins, which belongs to the heat-shock protein (HSP) family. GRP78 as a central regulator of ER stress (ERS) plays many important roles in cell survival and apoptosis through controlling the activation of transmembrane ERS sensors: PKR-like ER-associated kinase (PERK), inositol requiring kinase 1 (IRE1), and activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6)...
2017: Advances in Anatomy, Embryology, and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387339/alzheimer-disease-inhibition-of-ire1-signalling-reduces-ad-pathology
#12
Charlotte Ridler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364133/in-brachypodium-a-complex-signaling-is-actuated-to-protect-cells-from-proteotoxic-stress-and-facilitate-seed-filling
#13
Sang-Jin Kim, Starla Zemelis-Durfee, Curtis Wilkerson, Federica Brandizzi
A conserved UPR machinery is required for Brachypodium ER stress resistance and grain filling. Human and livestock diets depend on the accumulation of cereal storage proteins and carbohydrates, including mixed-linkage glucan (MLG), in the endosperm during seed development. Storage proteins and proteins responsible for the production of carbohydrates are synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Unfavorable conditions during growth that hamper the ER biosynthetic capacity, such as heat, can cause a potentially lethal condition known as ER stress, which activates the unfolded protein response (UPR), a signaling response designed to mitigate ER stress...
March 31, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360534/involvement-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-formalin-induced-pain-is-attenuated-by-4-phenylbutyric-acid
#14
Fan Zhou, Wei Zhang, Jianmei Zhou, Meirong Li, Feng Zhong, Yun Zhang, Yuezhu Liu, Yaping Wang
BACKGROUND: Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in many neurological and inflammatory responses. Peripheral inflammatory responses can induce central sensitization and trigger inflammatory pain. However, there is little research on the relationship between ER stress and inflammatory pain. In this study, we examined whether the ER stress response is involved in peripheral inflammatory pain using a formalin-induced rat pain model. METHODS: Rats were divided into the following five groups: control, formalin, formalin + vehicle, formalin + 4-phenylbutyric acid (4-PBA) (40 mg/kg) and formalin + 4-PBA (100 mg/kg)...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358375/novel-prosurvival-function-of-yip1a-in-human-cervical-cancer-cells-constitutive-activation-of-the-ire1-and-perk-pathways-of-the-unfolded-protein-response
#15
Yuki Taguchi, Yuta Horiuchi, Fumi Kano, Masayuki Murata
Cancer cells are under chronic endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress due to hypoxia, low levels of nutrients, and a high metabolic demand for proliferation. To survive, they constitutively activate the unfolded protein response (UPR). The inositol-requiring protein 1 (IRE1) and protein kinase RNA-like ER kinase (PERK) signaling branches of the UPR have been shown to have cytoprotective roles in cancer cells. UPR-induced autophagy is another prosurvival strategy of cancer cells, possibly to remove misfolded proteins and supply nutrients...
March 30, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349059/psoralen-inhibited-apoptosis-of-osteoporotic-osteoblasts-by-modulating-ire1-ask1-jnk-pathway
#16
Shuqing Chen, Yongqian Wang, Yubin Yang, Ting Xiang, Jiahui Liu, Houming Zhou, Xinlin Wu
Osteoporosis is a common disease causing fracture in older populations. Abnormal apoptosis of osteoblasts contributes to the genesis of osteoporosis. Inhibiting apoptosis of osteoblasts provides a promising strategy to prevent osteoporosis. The proliferation of osteoblasts isolated from osteoporotic patients or healthy subjects was determined by MTT assay. Apoptosis was determined by Annexin V/PI assay. Protein expression was measured by western blot. The proliferation of osteoblasts isolated from osteoporotic patients was inhibited and the apoptosis level of these cells was higher than the osteoblasts from healthy subjects...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345781/apoptotic-pathways-of-macrophages-within-osteolytic-interface-membrane-in-periprosthestic-osteolysis-after-total-hip-replacement
#17
Guoyin Liu, Ting Guo, Yong Zhang, Naicheng Liu, Jiangning Chen, Jianmin Chen, Junfeng Zhang, Jianning Zhao
Macrophage apoptosis in interface membrane, which occurs through either death receptor, mitochondrion, or endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress pathways, has been suggested to play an important role in promoting osteolysis. However, how and why macrophage apoptosis originates and the correlation among these apoptotic pathways is not yet clear. The objective of this study was to identify the apoptotic mechanism of macrophages, and to explore the relationship between the apoptotic pathways and progression of osteolysis...
March 27, 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341998/ire1-signaling-exacerbates-alzheimer-s-disease-pathogenesis
#18
Claudia Duran-Aniotz, Victor Hugo Cornejo, Sandra Espinoza, Álvaro O Ardiles, Danilo B Medinas, Claudia Salazar, Andrew Foley, Ivana Gajardo, Peter Thielen, Takao Iwawaki, Wiep Scheper, Claudio Soto, Adrian G Palacios, Jeroen J M Hoozemans, Claudio Hetz
Altered proteostasis is a salient feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD), highlighting the occurrence of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and abnormal protein aggregation. ER stress triggers the activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR), a signaling pathway that enforces adaptive programs to sustain proteostasis or eliminate terminally damaged cells. IRE1 is an ER-located kinase and endoribonuclease that operates as a major stress transducer, mediating both adaptive and proapoptotic programs under ER stress...
March 24, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334878/high-expression-of-ire1-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-is-associated-with-a-lower-rate-of-recurrence
#19
Toshio Sakatani, Keita Maemura, Noriko Hiyama, Yosuke Amano, Kousuke Watanabe, Hidenori Kage, Masashi Fukayama, Jun Nakajima, Yutaka Yatomi, Takahide Nagase, Daiya Takai
Objective: Recent reports have shown that endoplasmic reticulum stress is associated with cancer. However, the impacts of endoplasmic reticulum stress on the prognosis of lung cancer are unknown. Therefore, in this study, we sought to reveal the relationship between the expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress-related genes (endoplasmic reticulum oxidoreductase 1L, protein kinase RNA-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase, activating transcription factor 6 and inositol-requiring kinase 1) and the outcome of lung adenocarcinoma...
March 17, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332979/the-perk-arm-of-the-unfolded-protein-response-regulates-satellite-cell-mediated-skeletal-muscle-regeneration
#20
Guangyan Xiong, Sajedah M Hindi, Aman K Mann, Yann S Gallot, Kyle R Bohnert, Douglas R Cavener, Scott R Whittemore, Ashok Kumar
Regeneration of skeletal muscle in adults is mediated by satellite stem cells. Accumulation of misfolded proteins triggers endoplasmic reticulum stress that leads to unfolded protein response (UPR). The UPR is relayed to the cell through the activation of PERK, IRE1/XBP1, and ATF6. Here, we demonstrate that levels of PERK and IRE1 are increased in satellite cells upon muscle injury. Inhibition of PERK, but not the IRE1 arm of the UPR in satellite cells inhibits myofiber regeneration in adult mice. PERK is essential for the survival and differentiation of activated satellite cells into the myogenic lineage...
March 23, 2017: ELife
keyword
keyword
27818
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"