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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820539/a-survey-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-their-risk-factors-among-university-employees-a-single-institutional-study
#1
Emmanuel I Agaba, Maxwell O Akanbi, Patricia A Agaba, Amaka N Ocheke, Zumnan M Gimba, Steve Daniyam, Edith N Okeke
BACKGROUND: The incidence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is rising globally, with its attendant morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. This study evaluated the prevalence of NCDs and their risk factors among members of a university community. METHODS: All employees of the university were invited to the University health clinic for screening, using the World Health Organisation's STEPwise approach to NCDs. RESULTS: A total of 883 (521; 59...
August 15, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816523/measures-to-assess-the-performance-of-an-australian-non-government-charitable-non-acute-health-service-a-delphi-survey-of-organisational-stakeholders
#2
Richard Colbran, Robyn Ramsden, Karen Stagnitti, Samantha Adams
Organisation performance measurement is relevant for non-profit charitable organisations as they strive for security in an increasingly competitive funding environment. This study aimed to identify the priority measures and indicators of organisational performance of an Australian non-government charitable organisation that delivers non-acute health services. Seventy-seven and 59 participants across nine stakeholder groups responded to a two-staged Delphi technique study of a case study organisation. The stage one questionnaire was developed using information garnered through a detailed review of literature...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815784/nursing-care-for-stroke-patients-a-survey-of-current-practice-in-eleven-european-countries
#3
Zeliha Tulek, Ingrid Poulsen, Katrin Gillis, Ann-Cathrin Jönsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To conduct a survey of the clinical nursing practice in European countries in accordance with the European Stroke Strategies (ESS) 2006, and to examine to what extent the ESS have been implemented in stroke care nursing in Europe. BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability globally. Optimal organisation of interdisciplinary stroke care is expected to ameliorate outcome after stroke. Consequently, universal access to stroke care based on evidence-based guidelines is a priority...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815040/the-organisation-and-needs-of-young-sections-belonging-to-ueg-national-societies-results-of-a-europe-wide-survey
#4
Gianluca Ianiro, Valeria Castro, Werner Dolak, Mădălina Ilie, Grainne Holleran, Maciej Salaga, Yasmijn van Herwaarden, Johan Burisch
One of the aims of the Young Talent Group (YTG) is to make United European Gastroenterology (UEG) more attractive for young fellows interested in gastroenterology, and to involve them actively in UEG activities, by collaborating with young GI sections (YGIS) across Europe. Therefore, the YTG launched a survey to collect up-to-date information on YGISs belonging to UEG National Societies. The Friends of YTG were chosen as the target population and received a web-based questionnaire concerning their personal information, the structure of YGIS in their respective country, the YGIS' support mechanisms for young trainees, and ideas on how to improve them...
August 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814317/collaborative-care-for-panic-disorder-generalised-anxiety-disorder-and-social-phobia-in-general-practice-study-protocol-for-three-cluster-randomised-superiority-trials
#5
Nadja Kehler Curth, Ursula Ødum Brinck-Claussen, Annette Sofie Davidsen, Marianne Engelbrecht Lau, Merete Lundsteen, John Hagel Mikkelsen, Claudio Csillag, Carsten Hjorthøj, Merete Nordentoft, Lene Falgaard Eplov
BACKGROUND: People with anxiety disorders represent a significant part of a general practitioner's patient population. However, there are organisational obstacles for optimal treatment, such as a lack of coordination of illness management and limited access to evidence-based treatment such as cognitive behavioral therapy. A limited number of studies suggest that collaborative care has a positive effect on symptoms for people with anxiety disorders. However, most studies are carried out in the USA and none have reported results for social phobia or generalised anxiety disorder separately...
August 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812807/health-technology-assessment-global-advocacy-and-local-realities-comment-on-priority-setting-for-universal-health-coverage-we-need-evidence-informed-deliberative-processes-not-just-more-evidence-on-cost-effectiveness
#6
Kalipso Chalkidou, Ryan Li, Anthony J Culyer, Amanda Glassman, Karen J Hofman, Yot Teerawattananon
Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) can help countries attain and sustain universal health coverage (UHC), as long as it is context-specific and considered within deliberative processes at the country level. Institutionalising robust deliberative processes requires significant time and resources, however, and countries often begin by demanding evidence (including local CEA evidence as well as evidence about local values), whilst striving to strengthen the governance structures and technical capacities with which to generate, consider and act on such evidence...
August 29, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810456/components-of-preoperative-anxiety-a-qualitative-study
#7
Amy King, Jim Bartley, Deborah L Johanson, Elizabeth Broadbent
Limited research has explored preoperative anxiety through qualitative methodologies. This study aimed to identify specific factors that contribute to preoperative anxiety. A total of 17 patients awaiting general, plastic reconstructive and hand, orthopaedic, or ear, nose, and throat/otorhinolaryngology surgery were interviewed about their concerns in a public hospital. Thematic analysis identified five main sources of anxiety: surgical procedures, surgical complications, symptoms, recovery process, and organisation and delivery of care...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809184/moving-past-exploration-and-adoption-considering-priorities-for-implementing-mobile-learning-by-nurses
#8
Carey Mather, Elizabeth Cummings
Successful implementation of mobile technology for informal learning and continuing professional development within healthcare settings cannot be achieved or sustained, until end-users recognise that the benefits of using this innovation, outweigh the issues of non-use. At a systems level there is a need for standards, guidelines and codes of conduct to support deployment of mobile technology at an individual level. The aim of this research was to explore findings of a previous focus group study to elucidate priorities for action, provide evidence and focus impetus for advocating progression of the installation of standards and guidelines at an organisation level...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807705/psychometric-properties-of-the-fatigue-questionnaire-eortc-qlq-fa12-in-a-sample-of-female-cancer-patients
#9
Sophie Kecke, Jochen Ernst, Jens Einenkel, Susanne Singer, Andreas Hinz
CONTEXT: . Cancer patients frequently suffer from fatigue. Recently, the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life group developed a new 12-item fatigue assessment instrument. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to psychometrically test this questionnaire in comparison with the 3-item fatigue scale of the EORTC QLQ-C30. METHODS: A sample of 354 patients who were being treated for breast cancer or gynaecological cancer were examined using the new fatigue questionnaire EORTC QLQ-FA12 and the EORTC QLQ-C30 during their hospital stay (t1) and three months after hospital discharge (t2)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807238/unravelling-the-complexity-of-signalling-networks-in-cancer-a-review-of-the-increasing-role-for-computational-modelling
#10
REVIEW
John Garland
Cancer induction is a highly complex process involving hundreds of different inducers but whose eventual outcome is the same. Clearly, it is essential to understand how signalling pathways and networks generated by these inducers interact to regulate cell behaviour and create the cancer phenotype. While enormous strides have been made in identifying key networking profiles, the amount of data generated far exceeds our ability to understand how it all "fits together". The number of potential interactions is astronomically large and requires novel approaches and extreme computation methods to dissect them out...
September 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806989/maximising-value-from-a-united-kingdom-biomedical-research-centre-study-protocol
#11
Trisha Greenhalgh, Pavel V Ovseiko, Nick Fahy, Sara Shaw, Polly Kerr, Alexander D Rushforth, Keith M Channon, Vasiliki Kiparoglou
BACKGROUND: Biomedical Research Centres (BRCs) are partnerships between healthcare organisations and universities in England. Their mission is to generate novel treatments, technologies, diagnostics and other interventions that increase the country's international competitiveness, to rapidly translate these innovations into benefits for patients, and to improve efficiency and reduce waste in healthcare. As NIHR Oxford BRC (Oxford BRC) enters its third 5-year funding period, we seek to (1) apply the evidence base on how best to support the various partnerships in this large, multi-stakeholder research system and (2) research how these partnerships play out in a new, ambitious programme of translational research...
August 14, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804570/value-of-quality-of-life-analysis-in-liver-cancer-a-clinician-s-perspective
#12
REVIEW
Leung Li, Winnie Yeo
Health related quality of life (HRQOL) is increasingly recognized as an important clinical parameter and research endpoint in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HRQOL in HCC patients is multifaceted and affected by medical factor which encompasses HCC and its complications, oncological and palliative treatment for HCC, underlying liver disease, as well as the psychological, social or spiritual reaction to the disease. Many patients presented late with advanced disease and limited survival, plagued with multiple symptoms, rendering QOL a very important aspect in their general well being...
July 18, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803565/evidence-informed-decision-making-for-nutrition-african-experiences-and-way-forward
#13
Richmond Aryeetey, Michelle Holdsworth, Christine Taljaard, Waliou Amoussa Hounkpatin, Esi Colecraft, Carl Lachat, Eunice Nago, Tesfaye Hailu, Patrick Kolsteren, Roos Verstraeten
Although substantial amount of nutrition research is conducted in Africa, the research agenda is mainly donor-driven. There is a clear need for a revised research agenda in Africa which is both driven by and responding to local priorities. The present paper summarises proceedings of a symposium on how evidence can guide decision makers towards context-appropriate priorities and decisions in nutrition. The paper focuses on lessons learnt from case studies by the Evidence Informed Decision Making in Nutrition and Health Network implemented between 2015 and 2016 in Benin, Ghana and South Africa...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803085/palliative-care-in-south-africa
#14
Cornelia Drenth, Zodwa Sithole, Esme Pudule, Sheryl Wüst, Nicola GunnClark, Liz Gwyther
The Hospice Palliative Care Association (HPCA) was established in 1987 by hospices in South Africa who felt the need for a national body to share best practices and to promote palliative care services in South Africa. HPCA supports member hospices in providing palliative care to people of any age with a life-limiting condition. HPCA has the further aim to ensure access to palliative care in settings other than member hospices. Many projects were launched over the years to influence policy, and to educate medical practitioners, nurses, social workers, theologians, and community caregiver; and to develop services...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802455/from-control-to-causation-validating-a-complex-systems-model-of-running-related-injury-development-and-prevention
#15
A Hulme, P M Salmon, R O Nielsen, G J M Read, C F Finch
INTRODUCTION: There is a need for an ecological and complex systems approach for better understanding the development and prevention of running-related injury (RRI). In a previous article, we proposed a prototype model of the Australian recreational distance running system which was based on the Systems Theoretic Accident Mapping and Processes (STAMP) method. That model included the influence of political, organisational, managerial, and sociocultural determinants alongside individual-level factors in relation to RRI development...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802325/snomed2hl7-a-tool-to-normalize-and-bind-snomed-ct-concepts-to-the-hl7-reference-information-model
#16
D Perez-Rey, R Alonso-Calvo, S Paraiso-Medina, C R Munteanu, M Garcia-Remesal
BACKGROUND: Current clinical research and practice requires interoperability among systems in a complex and highly dynamic domain. There has been a significant effort in recent years to develop integrative common data models and domain terminologies. Such efforts have not completely solved the challenges associated with clinical data that are distributed among different and heterogeneous institutions with different systems to encode the information. Currently, when providing homogeneous interfaces to exploit clinical data, certain transformations still involve manual and time-consuming processes that could be automated...
October 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802285/a-nutrition-care-process-knowledge-attitudes-practices-and-perceived-barriers-questionnaire
#17
Zaini Bahari, Zuriati Ibrahim, Siti Nur Asyura Adznam, Barakatun Nisak Mohd Yusof
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Assessment of the nutrition care process (NCP) knowledge, attitudes, practices, and perceived barriers (KAPB) of dietetics practitioners is imperative before NCP is implemented completely in dietetics practice. No questionnaire assessing NCP KAPB has been developed and validated. Hence, we developed an NCP KAPB questionnaire called the KAPB-NCP and established its content validity. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 116 items associated with sociodemographic characteristics (7 items), professional development (3 items), organisational culture's support for the NCP (2 items), knowledge (27 items), attitudes (39 items), practices (20 items), and perceived barriers to implementing the NCP (14 items) were generated for potential inclusion in the KAPB-NCP questionnaire...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801403/equipping-community-pharmacy-workers-as-agents-for-health-behaviour-change-developing-and-testing-a-theory-based-smoking-cessation-intervention
#18
Liz Steed, Ratna Sohanpal, Wai-Yee James, Carol Rivas, Sandra Jumbe, Angel Chater, Adam Todd, Elizabeth Edwards, Virginia Macneil, Fraser Macfarlane, Trisha Greenhalgh, Chris Griffiths, Sandra Eldridge, Stephanie Taylor, Robert Walton
OBJECTIVE: To develop a complex intervention for community pharmacy staff to promote uptake of smoking cessation services and to increase quit rates. DESIGN: Following the Medical Research Council framework, we used a mixed-methods approach to develop, pilot and then refine the intervention. METHODS: Phase I: We used information from qualitative studies in pharmacies, systematic literature reviews and the Capability, Opportunity, Motivation-Behaviour framework to inform design of the initial version of the intervention...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801396/the-sims-trial-adjustable-anchored-single-incision-mini-slings-versus-standard-tension-free-midurethral-slings-in-the-surgical-management-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-multicentre-non-inferiority-randomised-controlled
#19
Mohamed Abdel-Fattah, Graeme MacLennan, Mary Kilonzo, R Phil Assassa, Kirsty McCormick, Tracey Davidson, Alison McDonald, James N'Dow, Judith Wardle, John Norrie
INTRODUCTION: Single-incision mini-slings (SIMS) represent the third generation of midurethral slings. They have been developed with the aim of offering a true ambulatory procedure for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) with reduced morbidity and earlier recovery while maintaining similar efficacy to standard midurethral slings (SMUS). The aim of this study is to determine the clinical and cost-effectiveness of adjustable anchored SIMS compared with tension-free SMUS in the surgical management of female SUI, with 3-year follow-up...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800998/international-children-s-palliative-care-network-a-global-action-network-for-children-with-life-limiting-conditions
#20
Joan Marston, Sue Boucher, Julia Downing
The International Children's Palliative Care Network (ICPCN) is a global network of individuals and organisations working together to reach the estimated 21 million children with life-limiting conditions and life-threatening illnesses. The drive to establish the ICPCN was born from the recognition of the gaps in service provision for children's palliative care and the need to collaborate, network and share resources. Established in 2005 during a meeting in Seoul, South Korea, the ICPCN has developed over the years into an established network with a global membership...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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