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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936898/co-operation-of-employers-in-the-area-of-personal-monitoring-a-commentary-on-bir-guidance-on-the-uk-regulatory-situation
#1
Andy Rogers
The requirement for organisations to co-operate regarding doses to staff who work across organisational boundaries is well established. However, in the field of personal dosimetry there is little guidance as to how to actually achieve legal compliance. Following improvement action in the UK by the regulator, The Health & Safety Executive, a guidance document was developed by the leading professional bodies in this area. This guidance was also commented on by the HSE Specialist Inspectorate (Radiation) enabling the published guidance to represent a compliant standard...
September 22, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936897/uk-guidance-on-the-management-of-personal-dosimetry-systems-for-healthcare-staff-working-at-multiple-organisations
#2
Andy Rogers, Claire-Louise Chapple, Maria Murray, David Platton, John Saunderson
There has been concern expressed by the UK regulator, the Health & Safety Executive, regarding the management of occupation dose for healthcare radiation workers who work across multiple organisations. In response to this concern the British Institute of Radiology led a working group of relevant professional bodies to develop guidance in this area. The guidance addresses issues of general system management that would apply to all personal dosimetry systems, regardless of whether or not the workers within that system work across organisational boundaries, along with exploring efficient strategies to comply with legislation where those workers do indeed work across organisational boundaries...
September 12, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936418/use-of-a-design-challenge-to-develop-postural-support-devices-for-intermediate-wheelchair-users
#3
Brenda N Onguti, Deepti Tanuku, Elizabeth J Himelfarb Hurwitz, Nathaniel C Moller, Youseph Yazdi, Shannon Egan, Eva S Bazant, Anthony Gichangi
The provision of an appropriate wheelchair, one that provides proper fit and postural support, promotes wheelchair users' physical health and quality of life. Many wheelchair users have postural difficulties, requiring supplemental postural support devices for added trunk support. However, in many low- and middle-income settings, postural support devices are inaccessible, inappropriate or unaffordable. This article describes the use of the design challenge model, informed by a design thinking approach, to catalyse the development of an affordable, simple and robust postural support device for low- and middle-income countries...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936412/test-retest-reliability-and-construct-validity-of-the-aspects-of-wheelchair-mobility-test-as-a-measure-of-the-mobility-of-wheelchair-users
#4
Karen L Rispin, Kara Huff, Joy Wee
BACKGROUND: The Aspects of Wheelchair Mobility Test (AWMT) was developed for use in a repeated measures format to provide comparative effectiveness data on mobility facilitated by different wheelchair types. It has been used in preliminary studies to compare the mobility of wheelchairs designed for low-resource areas and is intended to be simple and flexible enough so as to be used in low-technology settings. However, to reliably compare the impact of different types of wheelchairs on the mobility of users, a measure must first be a reliable and valid measure of mobility...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936411/a-literature-review-on-work-transitioning-of-youth-with-disabilities-into-competitive-employment
#5
REVIEW
Madri Engelbrecht, Lynn Shaw, Lana van Niekerk
BACKGROUND: The marginalisation of youth with disabilities from employment opportunities is evident from literature in as far as they form part of the larger groups 'people with disabilities' and 'youth'. A focused view of programmes that assist youth with disabilities into employment has not been presented, despite the worldwide crisis of youth unemployment. AIM: This review aimed to identify evidence on work transition programmes that are effective in assisting people with disabilities into open labour market (competitive) employment, as well as to highlight gaps in knowledge to inform future research on this topic...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936394/intercultural-policy-in-times-of-crisis-theory-and-practice-in-the-case-of-turin-italy
#6
Tiziana Caponio, Davide Donatiello
In this article we analyse how interculturalism, intended as a new paradigm of immigrant integration policies, has been taking shape in an Italian city, i.e. Turin, in the context of the current economic crisis. We argue for the necessity of going beyond official statements on intercultural policy by undertaking a comparative analysis of policy practices in three Neighbourhood Houses (NHs, Case del quartiere), which are defined by the Municipality as open and intercultural spaces in which associations and citizens can develop activities aimed at expressing different cultural backgrounds, fostering participation and supporting social inclusion...
2017: Comparative Migration Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935705/a-tectorin-based-matrix-and-planar-cell-polarity-genes-are-required-for-normal-collagen-fibril-orientation-in-the-developing-tectorial-membrane
#7
Richard J Goodyear, Xiaowei Lu, Michael R Deans, Guy P Richardson
The tectorial membrane is an extracellular structure of the cochlea. It develops on the surface of an epithelium and contains collagen fibrils embedded in a tectorin-based matrix. The collagen fibrils are oriented radially with an apically-directed slant - a feature considered critical for hearing. To determine how this pattern is generated, collagen-fibril formation was examined in mice lacking a tectorin-based matrix, epithelial cilia, or the planar-cell-polarity genes Vangl2 and Ptk7 In wild-type mice, collagen-fibril bundles appear within a tectorin-based matrix at E15...
September 21, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934677/evaluation-of-participatory-planning-lessons-from-hungarian-natura-2000-management-planning-processes
#8
Eszter Kovács, Eszter Kelemen, Gabriella Kiss, Ágnes Kalóczkai, Veronika Fabók, Barbara Mihók, Boldizsár Megyesi, György Pataki, Barbara Bodorkós, Bálint Balázs, Györgyi Bela, Katalin Margóczi, Ágnes Roboz, Dániel Molnár
Stakeholder participation in nature conservation policies and especially in the management of protected areas has gained importance in the last decades. These changes are underlined by democratic principles and the perceived contribution of stakeholder involvement to the effectiveness of conservation management. Evaluating participatory processes is essential to learn about the past and thus increase the quality of future processes. The evaluation can be useful for the organisations responsible for planning and management, stakeholders and policy makers as well...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933677/exploring-health-work-a-critical-action-perspective
#9
John Hassard, Paula Hyde, Julie Wolfram Cox, Edward Granter, Leo McCann
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe a hybrid approach to the research developed during a multi-researcher, ethnographic study of NHS management in the UK. Design/methodology/approach This methodological paper elaborates a hybrid approach to the sociological analysis - the critical-action theory - and indicates how it can contribute to the critical health management studies. Findings After exploring the various theoretical, methodological and philosophical options available, the paper discusses the main research issues that influenced the development of this perspective and the process by which the critical-action perspective was applied to the studies of managerial work in four health service sectors - acute hospitals, ambulance services, community services and mental healthcare...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933674/critical-healthcare-management-studies-green-shoots
#10
Martin Kitchener, Aoife M McDermott, Simon Cooper
Purpose While critical approaches have enriched research in proximate fields, their impact has been less marked in studies of healthcare management. In response, the 2016 Organizational Behaviour in Health Care Conference hosted its first-ever session dedicated to the emergent field of critical healthcare management studies (CHMSs). The purpose of this paper is to present five papers selected from that conference. Design/methodology/approach In this introductory paper, the authors frame the contributions as "green shoots" in a field of CHMS which contains four main furrows of activity: questioning the taken-for-granted; moving beyond instrumentalism; reflexivity and meanings in research; and challenging structures of domination (Kitchener and Thomas, 2016)...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929917/mercurius-solubilis-attenuates-scopolamine-induced-memory-deficits-and-enhances-the-motor-coordination-in-mice
#11
Simranjeet Kaur, Anudeep Kaur, Gurjit Singh, Rajbir Bhatti
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of mercurius solubilis (Merc sol) on scopolamine induced memory deficits and motor coordination in mice. The Three different formulations of merc sol (30X, 200 M, 1 M) were screened for their in vitro antioxidant potential and DPPH (2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) and nitric oxide scavenging activity using response surface methodology. The Merc sol 30X formulation was found to be most potent and further subjected for in vivo experiment. The Memory impairment was induced by the administration of scopolamine (1 mg/kg i...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929572/addressing-the-support-needs-of-families-during-the-acute-hospitalization-of-a-parent-with-mental-illness-a-narrative-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Karen P Foster, Danny Hills, Kim N Foster
Hospitalisation of a parent with acute mental health problems impacts the consumer, their extended family/carers and children. Mental health nurses are at the forefront of promoting recovery for consumers in an acute inpatient setting. Recovery-oriented care can include provision of family-focused care which supports recovery of the parent-consumer and their family members and contributes to prevention of intergenerational mental illness. The aim of this narrative literature review was to explore existing knowledge regarding the experiences, care and support needs of parent-consumers, their family members/carers and children during the parent's acute mental health hospitalisation...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928409/modelling-sequences-and-temporal-networks-with-dynamic-community-structures
#13
Tiago P Peixoto, Martin Rosvall
In evolving complex systems such as air traffic and social organisations, collective effects emerge from their many components' dynamic interactions. While the dynamic interactions can be represented by temporal networks with nodes and links that change over time, they remain highly complex. It is therefore often necessary to use methods that extract the temporal networks' large-scale dynamic community structure. However, such methods are subject to overfitting or suffer from effects of arbitrary, a priori-imposed timescales, which should instead be extracted from data...
September 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928195/reach-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-trial-of-rehabilitation-very-early-in-congenital-hemiplegia
#14
Roslyn N Boyd, Jenny Ziviani, Leanne Sakzewski, Iona Novak, Nadia Badawi, Kerstin Pannek, Catherine Elliott, Susan Greaves, Andrea Guzzetta, Koa Whittingham, Jane Valentine, Cathy Morgan, Margaret Wallen, Ann-Christin Eliasson, Lisa Findlay, Robert Ware, Simona Fiori, Stephen Rose
OBJECTIVES: Congenital hemiplegia is the most common form of cerebral palsy (CP). Children with unilateral CP show signs of upper limb asymmetry by 8 months corrected age (ca) but are frequently not referred to therapy until after 12 months ca. This study compares the efficacy of infant-friendly modified constraint-induced movement therapy (Baby mCIMT) to infant friendly bimanual therapy (Baby BIM) on upper limb, cognitive and neuroplasticity outcomes in a multisite randomised comparison trial...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928181/development-of-core-outcome-sets-for-effectiveness-trials-of-interventions-to-prevent-and-or-treat-delirium-del-cors-study-protocol
#15
Louise Rose, Meera Agar, Lisa D Burry, Noll Campbell, Mike Clarke, Jacques Lee, Najma Siddiqi, Valerie J Page
INTRODUCTION: Delirium is a common, serious and potentially preventable condition with devastating impact on the quality of life prompting a proliferation of interventional trials. Core outcome sets aim to standardise outcome reporting by identifying outcomes perceived fundamental for measurement in trials of a specific interest area. Our aim is to develop international consensus on two core outcome sets for trials of interventions to prevent and/or treat delirium, irrespective of study population...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927831/-beyond-the-willing-the-waiting-the-role-of-peer-based-approaches-in-hepatitis-c-diagnosis-treatment
#16
Charles Henderson, Annie Madden, Jenny Kelsall
This commentary seeks to examine the role, value and importance of peer-based programmatic approaches for ensuring the effective roll-out of the new hepatitis C (HCV) treatments among those most affected - that is, people who inject drugs (PWID). The authors examine recent approaches to HCV treatment in Australia including the provision of universal access to the new DAA regimens regardless of acquisition, genotype or severity of disease. These approaches are contextualised within wider global strategies to support HCV elimination as a public health threat by 2030 (WHO, 2016)...
September 15, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923021/the-design-and-implementation-of-an-obstetric-triage-system-for-unscheduled-pregnancy-related-attendances-a-mixed-methods-evaluation
#17
Sara Kenyon, Alistair Hewison, Sophie-Anna Dann, Jolene Easterbrook, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis, April Beckmann, Nina Johns
BACKGROUND: No standardised system of triage exists in Maternity Care and local audit identified this to be problematic. We designed, implemented and evaluated an Obstetric Triage System in a large UK maternity unit. This includes a standard clinical triage assessment by a midwife, within 15 min of attendance, leading to assignment to a category of clinical urgency (on a 4-category scale). This guides timing of subsequent standardised immediate care for the eight most common reasons for attendance...
September 18, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922024/the-implementation-of-multiple-interprofessional-integrated-modules-by-health-sciences-faculty-in-chile
#18
Silvana Castillo-Parra, Sandra Oyarzo Torres, Mónica Espinoza Barrios, Ana María Rojas-Serey, Juan Diego Maya, Valeria Sabaj Diez, Verónica Aliaga Castillo, Manuel Castillo Niño, Luis Romero Romero, Jennifer Foster, Gustavo Hawes Barrios
Multiple interprofessional integrated modules (MIIM) 1 and 2 are two required, cross-curricular courses developed by a team of health professions faculty, as well as experts in education, within the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Chile. MIIM 1 focused on virtual cases requiring team decision-making in real time. MIIM 2 focused on a team-based community project. The evaluation of MIIM included student, teacher, and coordinator perspectives. To explore the perceptions of this interprofessional experience quantitative data in the form of standardised course evaluations regarding teaching methodology, interpersonal relations and the course organisation and logistics were gathered...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920515/quality-of-life-in-women-of-reproductive-age-a-comparative-study-of-infertile-and-fertile-women-in-a-nigerian-tertiary-centre
#19
Olusola Peter Aduloju, Oluwole Dominic Olaogun, Tolulope Aduloju
The study examined the quality of life in women of reproductive age and the aim was to evaluate and compare the quality of life (QoL) scores among fertile and infertile women. A cross-sectional study was carried out among women attending the Gynaecology and Postnatal Clinics of Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital comparing their QoL using the World Health Organisation Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire. The age of fertile women was significantly higher than the age of infertile women (p < ...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920463/evaluation-of-genotoxicity-and-subchronic-toxicity-of-standardized-rose-hip-extract
#20
A Nagatomo, M Oguri, N Nishida, M Ogawa, A Ichikawa, Y Tanaka-Azuma
Rose hip is the fruit of the rose plant, which is widely used in food, cosmetics and as a traditional medicine. Therefore, rose hip is considered safe and has a sufficient history of consumption as food. However, few studies have reported on the safety of rose hip extracts in toxicological analyses. Thus, to evaluate the safety of rosehip polyphenol MJ (RHPMJ), an aqueous ethanol extract standardized with the trans-tiliroside content, we performed genotoxicity and 90-day repeated oral dose toxicity studies in compliance with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development-Good Laboratory Practice...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
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