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Child anxiety disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816508/stability-and-predictive-validity-of-the-parent-child-sleep-interactions-scale-a-longitudinal-study-among-preschoolers
#1
Chelsey S Barrios, Samantha Y Jay, Victoria C Smith, Candice A Alfano, Lea R Dougherty
Little research has examined the processes underlying children's persistent sleep problems and links with later psychopathology. The current study examined the stability of parent-child sleep interactions as assessed with the parent-reported Parent-Child Sleep Interactions Scale (PSIS) and examined whether sleep interactions in preschool-age children predict sleep problems and psychiatric symptoms later in childhood. Participants included 108 preschool-age children (50% female) and their parents. Parents completed the PSIS when children were 3-5 years (T1) and again when they were 6-9 years (T2)...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798012/internet-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-children-with-pain-related-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-feasibility-study
#2
Maria Lalouni, Brjánn Ljótsson, Marianne Bonnert, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Jens Högström, Eva Serlachius, Ola Olén
BACKGROUND: Pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders (P-FGIDs; eg, irritable bowel syndrome) are highly prevalent in children and associated with low quality of life, anxiety, and school absence. Treatment options are scarce, and there is a need for effective and accessible treatments. Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (Internet-CBT) based on exposure exercises is effective for adult and adolescent irritable bowel syndrome, but it has not been evaluated for younger children...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792560/-epidemiology-of-depressive-and-anxiety-disorders-among-quebec-children-and-adolescents
#3
Geneviève Piché, Marilou Cournoyer, Lise Bergeron, Marie-Ève Clément, Nicole Smolla
Epidemiology of child and adolescent mental health is a relatively new discipline, particularly in the province of Quebec. Some work has however estimated the prevalence of the most common mental disorders among young people, such as anxiety and depression, as well as identified associated individual, family and socio-economic variables. This article has two objectives: to present a review of major epidemiological research findings in child psychiatry conducted in the province of Quebec and highlight the contribution of these findings for public health...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791523/parent-dependent-stressors-and-the-onset-of-anxiety-disorders-in-children-links-with-parental-psychopathology
#4
Jennifer L Allen, Seija Sandberg, Celine Y Chhoa, Tom Fearn, Ronald M Rapee
Exposure to stressors is associated with an increased risk for child anxiety. Investigating the family origins of stressors may provide promising avenues for identifying and intervening with children at risk for the onset of anxiety disorders and their families. The aim of this study was to compare the frequency of parent-dependent negative life events and chronic adversities experienced by children with an anxiety disorder (n = 34) in the 12 months prior to the onset of the child's most recent episode, compared to healthy controls (n = 34)...
August 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776749/psychosocial-functioning-self-image-and-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#5
S Cipolletta, G Spina, A Spoto
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a genetic disorder associated with neurocutaneus manifestations, as well as attention and learning problems. The aim of this study was to examine the psychosocial functioning, quality of life, and self-image of children with NF1. METHOD: Two hundred forty participants were recruited, comprising 60 children and adolescents with NF1, 60 parents of children with NF1, 60 children and adolescents without NF1, and 60 parents of children without NF1...
August 3, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776120/structural-and-pragmatic-language-in-children-with-asd-longitudinal-impact-on-anxiety-and-externalizing-behaviors
#6
Naomi V Rodas, Abbey Eisenhower, Jan Blacher
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at heightened risk for developing comorbid psychological disorders, including anxiety disorders, which may be further exacerbated by the presence of externalizing behaviors. Here, we examined how structural language and pragmatic language predicted anxiety and externalizing behaviors. Participants were 159 young children (4-7 years old) with ASD and their mothers. Utilizing structural equation modeling we examined associations among structural language, pragmatic language, anxiety symptoms, and externalizing behaviors...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771500/the-association-between-car-accident-fatalities-and-children-s-fears-a-study-in-seven-eu-countries
#7
Viviane Kovess-Masfety, David Sowa, Katherine Keyes, Mathilde Husky, Christophe Fermanian, Adina Bitfoi, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Ceren Koç, Dietmar Goelitz, Sigita Lesinskiene, Zlatka Mihova, Roy Otten, Ondine Pez
Children's fear of a car accident occurring to parents or themselves has been used as a concrete example to illustrate one of the symptoms of anxiety disorders such as separation anxiety and generalized anxiety. However, its usage across countries may be questionable where the prevalence of this specific type of injury differs. This cross-sectional study compares samples from seven diverse European countries (Bulgaria, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Netherlands, Romania, Turkey) to see if an environmental exposure, car accident death rate per 100,000 people (country-wide from WHO data), is associated with children's self-report of car accident fears...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756556/the-validity-of-the-screen-for-child-anxiety-related-emotional-disorders-revised-scared-r-scale-and-sub-scales-in-swedish-youth
#8
Tord Ivarsson, Gudmundur Skarphedinsson, Markus Andersson, Håkan Jarbin
We evaluated the clinical utility of the Swedish SCARED-R in child- and adolescent psychiatric outpatients (n = 239) and validated it against Longitudinal Expert All Data (LEAD) DSM IV diagnoses based on the Children's Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (KSADS) and subsequent clinical work-up and treatment outcome. The SCARED-R total score and subscales had acceptable sensitivity/specificity for child and parent reports for cut-offs based on Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) curves, with mostly moderate area under the curve...
July 29, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747932/prescribing-practices-of-quetiapine-for-insomnia-at-a-tertiary-care-inpatient-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-unit-a-continuous-quality-improvement-project
#9
Elaine Stephanie Chow, Azadeh Zangeneh-Kazemi, Olabode Akintan, Elizabeth Chow-Tung, Alan Eppel, Khrista Boylan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prescribing practices of quetiapine for insomnia at a tertiary care child and adolescent psychiatric inpatient unit. METHOD: A retrospective chart review was conducted on all admissions in 2013 involving night-time only prescription of quetiapine. We examined patient demographics, discharge diagnoses, physician's written indications for prescriptions, and maximum doses used. If used for insomnia only, we noted any documentation of past sedative trials, concurrent prescriptions of other sedative agents, whether quetiapine was started in hospital or continued as a part of a community regimen, and whether quetiapine was continued on discharge...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747931/is-the-national-guideline-clearinghouse-a-trustworthy-source-of-practice-guidelines-for-child-and-youth-anxiety-and-depression
#10
Stephanie Duda, Christine Fahim, Peter Szatmari, Kathryn Bennett
OBJECTIVE: Innovative strategies that facilitate the use of high quality practice guidelines (PG) are needed. Accordingly, repositories designed to simplify access to PGs have been proposed as a critical component of the network of linked interventions needed to drive increased PG implementation. The National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) is a free, international online repository. We investigated whether it is a trustworthy source of child and youth anxiety and depression PGs. METHOD: English language PGs published between January 2009 and February 2016 relevant to anxiety or depression in children and adolescents (≤ 18 years of age) were eligible...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747835/non-epileptic-paroxysmal-events-in-childhood
#11
Burak Tatlı, Serhat Güler
Non epileptic paroxysmal events are recurrent movement disorders with acute onset and ending, which may mimic epilepsy. The duration, place, timing of the attacks, and state of conciousness may confuse pediatricians about the diagnosis of epilepsy and non epileptic paroxysmal events. The key point in the diagnosis is taking an accurate and detailed history. Wrong diagnosis can give rise to anxiety of both the family and the child, interruptions in the child's education, limitations in career planning, and irreversible damages in the long term...
June 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747813/stress-among-parents-of-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-comparison-involving-physiological-indicators-and-parent-self-reports
#12
Ciara Padden, Jack E James
Parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have been reported as experiencing higher levels of stress and poorer physical health than parents of typically developing children. However, most of the relevant literature has been based on parental self-reports of stress and health. While research on physiological outcomes has grown in recent years, gaps still exist in our understanding of the physiological effects, if any, of stress related to parenting a child with ASD. The present study compared parent-reported stress, anxiety, and depression, as well as selected physiological measures of stress (i...
2017: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745388/suicidal-ideation-and-self-injurious-behavior-in-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#13
Olalla Varela-Besteiro, Eduardo Serrano-Troncoso, Virginia Rodríguez-Vicente, Marta Curet-Santisteban, Gemma Conangla-Roselló, Raquel Cecilia-Costa, Marta Carulla-Roig, Josep L Matalí-Costa, Montserrat Dolz-Abadia
INTRODUCTION: The presence of suicidal thoughts and self-injurious behaviors in patients with eating disorders (ED) is well-known; however, this association is currently not defined empirically. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of suicidal ideation and self-harm in adolescents with eating disorders. A second objective is to study the association between self-injurious behavior and suicidal ideation, severity of eating disorder symptoms and symptoms of depression and anxiety, motivation to change and perfectionism...
July 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738315/dimensions-of-parenting-among-mothers-and-fathers-in-relation-to-social-anxiety-among-female-adolescents
#14
Teah-Marie Bynion, Heidemarie Blumenthal, Sarah A Bilsky, Renee M Cloutier, Ellen W Leen-Feldner
Social anxiety is the most common anxiety disorder among youth; theoretical and empirical work suggest specific parenting behaviors may be relevant. However, findings are inconsistent, particularly in terms of maternal as compared to paternal effects. In the current study, we evaluated the indirect effects of perceived psychological control on the relation between anxious rearing behaviors and child social anxiety among 112 community-recruited girls (ages 12-15 years). In addition to self-report, adolescent participants completed a laboratory-based social stress task...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737195/-maternal-postnatal-depression-and-its-impact-on-child-neurodevelopment-a-cohort-study
#15
Gabriel González, Mario Moraes, Claudio Sosa, Eleuterio Umpierrez, María Duarte, José Cal, Andrea Ghione
Post partum depresion (DPP) is the most frequent psquiatric disorder in pregnant woman and it may affect the neurodevelopment of their offspring. Our goal was to analyze the association between maternal depressive symptoms at 6 months after birth and child’s neurodevelopmental disorders at 18 months-old, in a homogeneous population characterized by low socioeconomic and cultural level. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted. There were included 127 healthy postpartum women and their infants...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736915/anxiety-symptoms-and-children-s-eye-gaze-during-fear-learning
#16
Kalina J Michalska, Laura Machlin, Elizabeth Moroney, Daniel S Lowet, John M Hettema, Roxann Roberson-Nay, Bruno B Averbeck, Melissa A Brotman, Eric E Nelson, Ellen Leibenluft, Daniel S Pine
BACKGROUND: The eye region of the face is particularly relevant for decoding threat-related signals, such as fear. However, it is unclear if gaze patterns to the eyes can be influenced by fear learning. Previous studies examining gaze patterns in adults find an association between anxiety and eye gaze avoidance, although no studies to date examine how associations between anxiety symptoms and eye-viewing patterns manifest in children. The current study examined the effects of learning and trait anxiety on eye gaze using a face-based fear conditioning task developed for use in children...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735699/establishing-clinical-cutoffs-for-response-and-remission-on-the-screen-for-child-anxiety-related-emotional-disorders-scared
#17
Nicole E Caporino, Dara Sakolsky, Douglas M Brodman, Joseph F McGuire, John Piacentini, Tara S Peris, Golda S Ginsburg, John T Walkup, Satish Iyengar, Philip C Kendall, Boris Birmaher
OBJECTIVE: To determine optimal percent reduction and raw score cutoffs on the parent- and child-report Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) for predicting treatment response and remission among youth with anxiety disorders. METHOD: Data were obtained from youth (N = 438; 7-17 years old) who completed treatment in the Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal treatment Study, a multisite, randomized clinical trial that examined the relative efficacy of medication (sertraline), cognitive-behavioral therapy (Coping Cat), their combination, and pill placebo for the treatment of separation anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and social phobia...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735566/attachment-and-personality-disorders-among-child-molesters-the-role-of-trust
#18
Carlo Garofalo, Stefan Bogaerts
The present study investigated multivariate associations between attachment styles and personality disorders (PDs)-and the mediating role of trust-in a sample of child molesters ( n = 84) and a matched control group from the general community ( n = 80). Among child molesters, canonical correlation analysis revealed that two variates resembling avoidant and anxious attachment dimensions were associated with PD traits. Attachment avoidance was related to schizoid, schizotypal, and avoidant PDs, with a marginal contribution of antisocial PD...
July 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734322/association-between-childhood-to-adolescent-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptom-trajectories-and-late-adolescent-disordered-eating
#19
Zeynep Yilmaz, Kristin N Javaras, Jessica H Baker, Laura M Thornton, Paul Lichtenstein, Cynthia M Bulik, Henrik Larsson
PURPOSE: Disordered eating is more prevalent among adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Both inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms show strong associations with disordered eating, but few investigations of these associations have been longitudinal. Thus, we examined the effect of childhood to adolescent inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptom trajectories on late adolescent disordered eating. METHODS: We used growth mixture modeling to identify distinct inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptom trajectories (called "classes") across three time points (ages 8-9, 13-14, and 16-17 years) in the Swedish Twin study of CHild and Adolescent Development...
August 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732651/maternal-caffeine-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-behavioral-disorders-in-11-year-old-offspring-a-danish-national-birth-cohort-study
#20
Susanne Hvolgaard Mikkelsen, Carsten Obel, Jørn Olsen, Janni Niclasen, Bodil Hammer Bech
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between maternal caffeine consumption from coffee and tea during pregnancy and offspring behavioral disorders. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 47 491 children enrolled in the Danish National Birth Cohort between 1996 and 2002. Data on maternal coffee and tea consumption was collected at 15 and 30 weeks of gestation. When the child was 11 years old, the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire was filled in by children, parents, and teachers...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
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