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Child anxiety disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642374/behavioral-patterns-in-adolescents-born-at-23-to-25-weeks-of-gestation
#1
Maria Samuelsson, Antti Holsti, Marie Adamsson, Fredrik Serenius, Bruno Hägglöf, Aijaz Farooqi
BACKGROUND: This study examined mental health outcomes in extremely preterm children (EPT) born at 23 to 25 weeks of gestation between 1992 and 1998 at 2 Swedish tertiary care centers that offered regional and active perinatal care to all live-born EPT infants. METHODS: We assessed 132 (98%) of the 134 EPT survivors at 10 to 15 years of age alongside term-born controls. Behavioral and emotional problems were evaluated by using Achenbach's Child Behavior Checklist and Teacher Report Form and Conners' Parent and Teacher scales for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder...
June 22, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641131/children-s-brain-activation-during-risky-decision-making-a-contributor-to-substance-problems
#2
Thomas J Crowley, Manish S Dalwani, Joseph T Sakai, Kristen M Raymond, Shannon K McWilliams, Marie T Banich, Susan K Mikulich-Gilbertson
OBJECTIVE: Among young children excessive externalizing behaviors often predict adolescent conduct and substance use disorders. Adolescents with those disorders show aberrant brain function when choosing between risky or cautious options. We therefore asked whether similarly aberrant brain function during risky decision-making accompanies excessive externalizing behaviors among children, hypothesizing an association between externalizing severity and regional intensity of brain activation during risky decision-making...
June 4, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641122/working-with-parents-to-treat-anxiety-disordered-children-a-proof-of-concept-rct-evaluating-fear-less-triple-p
#3
Vanessa E Cobham, Ania Filus, Matthew R Sanders
Little is known about the efficacy of parent-only interventions and the maintenance of gains over time with anxiety-disordered children and adolescents. The current study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a 6-session parent-focused intervention (Fear-less Triple P) in reducing children's anxiety symptomatology. The parents of 61 anxiety-disordered children (7-14 years) were randomly assigned to either the 6-session parent-only group CBT intervention or a wait-list control (WL) group. Diagnostic and questionnaire measures were administered at post-treatment; as well as 3-, 6- and 12 months following the completion of treatment...
June 15, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634706/parenting-a-child-with-asd-comparison-of-parenting-style-between-asd-anxiety-and-typical-development
#4
Pamela Ventola, Jiedi Lei, Courtney Paisley, Eli Lebowitz, Wendy Silverman
Parenting children with ASD has a complex history. Given parents' increasingly pivotal role in children's treatment, it is critical to consider parental style and behaviours. This study (1) compares parenting style of parents of children with ASD, parents of children with anxiety disorders, and parents of typically developing (TD) children and (2) investigates contributors to parenting style within and between groups. Parents of children with anxiety had a distinct parenting style compared to ASD and TD parents...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631412/psychopathology-in-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplantation-survivors-and-their-mothers
#5
Aslı Sürer Adanir, Gülseren Taşkiran, O Alphan Küpesiz, Esin Özatalay
BACKGROUND: Bone Marrow Transplantation(BMT) is used to treat children with various hematologic, oncologic and metabolic diseases. While the treatment is lifesaving, it is also found to be related with anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression and psychosocial problems both in children and parents. METHODS: The aim of this study was to investigate psychopathology in pediatric BMT survivors and their mothers compared to the healthy controls. All children were interviewed using Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for assessing the life-long psychopathology...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628768/internet-delivered-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-antenatal-depression-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Erik Forsell, Marie Bendix, Fredrik Holländare, Barbara Szymanska von Schultz, Josefine Nasiell, Margareta Blomdahl-Wetterholm, Caroline Eriksson, Sara Kvarned, Johanna Lindau van der Linden, Elin Söderberg, Jussi Jokinen, Katarina Wide, Viktor Kaldo
Major depression occurs in 5-10% of pregnancies and is associated with many negative effects for mother and child, yet treatment options are scarce. To our knowledge, this is the first published randomised controlled trial on Internet delivered Cognitive Behavior Therapy (ICBT) for this group. OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy of a pregnancy adapted version of an existing 10-week ICBT-program for depression as well as assessing acceptability and adherence DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625946/educational-needs-of-epileptologists-regarding-psychiatric-comorbidities-of-the-epilepsies-a-descriptive-quantitative-survey
#7
Marco Mula, Esper Cavalheiro, Alla Guekht, Andres M Kanner, Hyang Woon Lee, Cigdem Ozkara, Alfredo Thomson, Sarah J Wilson
Psychiatric disorders are relatively frequent comorbidities in epilepsy and they have an impact on morbidity, mortality, and quality of life. This is a report from the Task Force on Education of the ILAE Commission on Neuropsychiatry based on a survey about educational needs of epileptologists regarding management of the psychiatric comorbidities of epilepsy. The Task Force designed a quantitative questionnaire to survey the self-perceived confidence of child and adult epileptologists and psychiatrists in managing major psychiatric comorbidities of epilepsy to identify: (1) critical areas of improvement from a list of skills that are usually considered necessary for effective management of these conditions, and (2) the preferred educational format for improving these skills...
June 19, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620969/black-and-white-parents-willingness-to-seek-help-for-children-s-internalizing-and-externalizing-symptoms
#8
Idia B Thurston, Robin Hardin, Kristina Decker, Trisha Arnold, Kathryn H Howell, Vicky Phares
OBJECTIVE: Understanding social and environmental factors that contribute to parental help-seeking intentions is an important step in addressing service underutilization for children in need of treatment. This study examined factors that contribute to parents' intentions to seek formal and informal help for child psychopathology (anxiety and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]). METHOD: A total of 251 parents (N = 128 mothers, N = 123 fathers; 49% Black, 51% White) read 3 vignettes describing children with anxiety, ADHD, and no diagnosis...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620914/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-siblings-of-the-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplantation-survivors-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-their-mothers
#9
Özge Gizli Çoban, Aslı Sürer Adanır, Esin Özatalay
Although BMT is lifesaving in many childhood diseases, it was found to be related to anxiety, depression, and PTSD in parents, and PTSD, anxiety and overall low self-esteem in siblings. Research on siblings' HRQoL is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate PTSD and HRQoL in siblings (donor and non-donor) of pediatric BMT survivors and PTSD in their mothers, compared to the healthy controls. Thirty-five siblings and their mothers and 35 healthy peers and their mothers were recruited as the study group and as the comparison group, respectively...
June 15, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617388/-substance-abuse-a-relationship-with-childhood-traumas
#10
A A Portnova, Yu P Sivolap
Childhood maltreatment contributes to poor mental and physical health and besides, in some cases, not only in early age but also throughout the life of the individual. Adverse effects of childhood trauma, along with depression, anxiety and other mental disorders, include predisposition to substance abuse. A reduction of child abuse may decrease the prevalence of mental disorders, including addictive disorders, and improve mental health.
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613013/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-mothers-whose-children-underwent-oncological-surgery
#11
Kıvılcım Karadeniz Cerit, Cem Cerit, Ömer Nart, Nurşah Eker, Gürsu Kıyan, Tolga Dağlı, Gülşen Ekingen, Gülnur Tokuç, Ömer Karaca, Funda Çorapçıoğlu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the rate of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and associated risk factors among mothers whose children underwent oncological surgery. METHOD: This cross-sectional, multi-center study included a total of 60 mothers whose children underwent major thoracoabdominal surgery and were under the follow-up in the outpatient setting between February 2016 and May 2016. Clinical Data Form, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Clinician-Administered PTSD scale (CAPS) were used...
June 14, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612690/attachment-as-a-predictor-of-non-response-to-cbt-treatment-in-children-with-anxiety-disorders
#12
Monika Walczak, Barbara Hoff Esbjørn, Sonja Breinholst
Children's and parents' attachment patterns have been linked with the presence of pediatric anxiety disorders. The present study examined the role of attachment in predicting cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) treatment outcomes. A total of 69 children aged 7-13 years were assessed using a semi-structured interview, and treated with CBT. Differences between responders and nonresponders with regard to pretreatment characteristics were explored, and the predictive power of factors significantly different between groups was assessed using binominal logistic regression...
June 14, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607641/lessons-learned-from-the-study-of-masturbation-and-its-comorbidity-with-psychiatric-disorders-in-children-the-first-analytic-study
#13
Ashraf Tashakori, Atefeh Safavi, Sorour Neamatpour
BACKGROUND: The main source of information about children's masturbation is more on the basis of case reports. Due to the lack of consistent and accurate information. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine prevalence and underlying factors of masturbation and its comorbidity with psychiatric disorders in children. METHODS: In this descriptive-analytical study, among the children referred to the Pediatrics Clinic of Psychiatric Ward, Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz, Southwest Iran, 98 children were selected by convenience sampling in 2014...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599145/telomere-length-in-alcohol-dependence-a-role-for-impulsive-choice-and-childhood-maltreatment
#14
Jee In Kang, Syung Shick Hwang, Jong Rak Choi, Seung-Tae Lee, Jieun Kim, In Sik Hwang, Hae Won Kim, Chan-Hyung Kim, Se Joo Kim
Telomere shortening, a marker of cellular aging, has been considered to be linked with psychosocial stress as well as with chronic alcohol consumption, possibly mediated by oxidative stress and inflammatory response. Recent findings suggested that early life adversity on telomere dynamics may be related to impulsive choice. To further our understanding of the association of impulsive choice and childhood trauma on telomere length, we examined whether delayed discounting and childhood trauma or their interaction is related to leukocyte telomere length, while controlling for multiple potential confounding variables, in patients with alcohol dependence who are considered to have higher impulsive choice and shorter telomere length...
May 31, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595809/neuroticism-in-child-sex-offenders-and-its-association-with-sexual-dysfunctions-cognitive-distortions-and-psychological-complaints
#15
Coralie Boillat, Gunnar Deuring, Marlon O Pflueger, Marc Graf, Timm Rosburg
Studies in child sex offenders (CSO) often report deviant personality characteristics. In our study, we investigated neuroticism in CSO and tested the hypothesis that CSO with high neuroticism show more serious abuse behavior and are more likely to exhibit sexual dysfunction and cognitive distortions, as compared to CSO with low neuroticism. A sample of 40 CSO (both child sexual abusers and child sexual material users) was split into two subsamples based on their neuroticism scores, obtained by the NEO-Personality Inventory-Revised (NEO-PI-R) questionnaire...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593597/the-stability-of-self-reported-anxiety-in-youth-with-autism-versus-adhd-or-typical-development
#16
Hillary Schiltz, Nancy McIntyre, Lindsay Swain-Lerro, Matthew Zajic, Peter Mundy
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at risk for anxiety symptoms. Few anxiety measures are validated for individuals with ASD, and the nature of ASD raises questions about reliability of self-reported anxiety. This study examined longitudinal stability and change of self-reported anxiety in higher functioning youth with ASD (HFASD) compared to youth with symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and typical development (TD) using the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (March, 2012; March et al...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586392/desire-for-a-child-and-eating-disorders-in-women-seeking-infertility-treatment
#17
Mélanie Bruneau, Agnès Colombel, Sophie Mirallié, Thomas Fréour, Jean-Benoit Hardouin, Paul Barrière, Marie Grall-Bronnec
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of EDs in women seeking treatment for infertility, and to better characterize their clinical profile. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty participants completed self-report measures that assessed EDs, desire for a child, body preoccupations, quality of life, anxiety and depression. RESULTS: Ten patients (17%) met criteria for a past or current ED. We showed a significant association between greater body dissatisfaction and a more ambivalent desire for a child...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583211/parenting-a-child-at-home-with-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome-experiences-of-commitment-of-stress-and-of-love
#18
Annie M Cantwell-Bartl, James Tibballs
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the experiences of parenting a child with hypoplastic left heart syndrome after the child has been discharged home from hospital. DESIGN: A study of the parents' experiences using face-to-face interviews and psychometric measures with parents whose child had survived stage surgery. SETTING: Parents were interviewed within the home environment or within the hospital if that was their choice. SUBJECTS: A total of 29 parents (16 mothers and 13 fathers) of surviving children...
June 6, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581338/psychiatric-disorders-and-quality-of-life-in-the-offspring-of-parents-with-bipolar-disorder
#19
Michal Goetz, Antonin Sebela, Marketa Mohaplova, Silvie Ceresnakova, Radek Ptacek, Tomas Novak
OBJECTIVE: To determine current and lifetime psychopathology and assess quality of life (QoL) in offspring of a parent with bipolar disorder (BD). METHODS: We investigated 43 offspring of bipolar parents (high-risk offspring [HRO]) (mean age 12.5 ± 3.1; range 6.7-17.9 years) and 43 comparison offspring matched for sex, age, and IQ of healthy parents. Lifetime and current presence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. (DSM-5) diagnoses were assessed using Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL)...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581329/an-empirical-analysis-of-mental-state-talk-and-affect-regulation-in-two-single-cases-of-psychodynamic-child-therapy
#20
Sibel Halfon, Ozlem Bekar, Büşra Gürleyen
Literature has shown the importance of mentalizing techniques in symptom remission and emotional understanding; however, no study to date has looked at the dynamic relations between mental state talk and affect regulation in the psychotherapy process. From a psychodynamic perspective, the emergence of the child's capacity to regulate affect through the therapist's reflection on the child's mental states is a core aspect of treatment. In an empirical investigation of 2 single cases with separation anxiety disorder, who were treated in long-term psychodynamic play therapy informed with mentalization principles, the effect of therapists' and children's use of mental state talk on children's subsequent capacity to regulate affect in play was assessed...
June 2017: Psychotherapy
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