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Child anxiety disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764522/treatment-resistant-depression-and-peripheral-c-reactive-protein
#1
Samuel R Chamberlain, Jonathan Cavanagh, Peter de Boer, Valeria Mondelli, Declan N C Jones, Wayne C Drevets, Philip J Cowen, Neil A Harrison, Linda Pointon, Carmine M Pariante, Edward T Bullmore
BACKGROUND: C-reactive protein (CRP) is a candidate biomarker for major depressive disorder (MDD), but it is unclear how peripheral CRP levels relate to the heterogeneous clinical phenotypes of the disorder.AimTo explore CRP in MDD and its phenotypic associations. METHOD: We recruited 102 treatment-resistant patients with MDD currently experiencing depression, 48 treatment-responsive patients with MDD not currently experiencing depression, 48 patients with depression who were not receiving medication and 54 healthy volunteers...
May 16, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761836/acceptability-and-caregiver-reported-outcomes-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-whose-parents-attended-a-preventative-population-based-intervention-for-anxiety-a-pilot-study
#2
Natalie L Bischof, Ronald M Rapee, Kristelle Hudry, Jordana K Bayer
This pilot study explored acceptability to parents and outcomes for children of a preventive intervention for anxiety problems in pre-schoolers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who were an identified sub-group within a population-based randomised trial of the Cool Little Kids parenting group programme. The population trial included 545 temperamentally inhibited pre-schoolers recruited across eight economically diverse areas of Melbourne, Australia. Within this sample, 26 parents reported that their child had received an ASD diagnosis...
May 15, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756987/can-pediatricians-recognize-eating-disorders-a-case-study-of-early-onset-anorexia-nervosa-in-a-male-child
#3
Emel Ataş Berksoy, Gonca Özyurt, Murat Anıl, Özlem Üzüm, Yeliz Çağan Appak
INTRODUCTION: this article examines a boy who was diagnosed with anorexia nervosa at eight years old. Pediatricians and family physicians encountered difficulties during the diagnosis and treatment stages due to the fact that early onset of the disease is rare. CASE REPORT: a boy aged eight years and four months presented with bradicardia, malnutrition and dehydration as far away from the preliminary diagnosis of anorexia nervosa investigated for possible organic pathologies at the pediatric ward...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754863/relationships-of-anxiety-and-depression-with-cardiovascular-health-in-youth-with-normal-weight-to-severe-obesity
#4
Amy C Gross, Alexander M Kaizer, Justin R Ryder, Claudia K Fox, Kyle D Rudser, Donald R Dengel, Aaron S Kelly
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationships of depression and anxiety symptoms with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and measures of vascular health in youth. Major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder are considered CVD risk factors in youth. STUDY DESIGN: Participants (n = 202) were 8- to 18-year-olds from a cross-sectional study evaluating cardiovascular health across a wide range of body mass index values (normal weight to severe obesity). CVD risk measurement included blood pressure, fasting lipids, glucose, insulin, carotid artery intima-media thickness, compliance and distensibility, brachial artery flow-mediated dilation, carotid-radial artery pulse wave velocity, body fat percentage, and a metabolic syndrome cluster score...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748165/using-mobile-health-gamification-to-facilitate-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-skills-practice-in-child-anxiety-treatment-open-clinical-trial
#5
Gede Pramana, Bambang Parmanto, James Lomas, Oliver Lindhiem, Philip C Kendall, Jennifer Silk
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioral therapy is an efficacious treatment for child anxiety disorders. Although efficacious, many children (40%-50%) do not show a significant reduction in symptoms or full recovery from primary anxiety diagnoses. One possibility is that they are unwilling to learn and practice cognitive behavioral therapy skills beyond therapy sessions. This can occur for a variety of reasons, including a lack of motivation, forgetfulness, and a lack of cognitive behavioral therapy skills understanding...
May 10, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735108/clinical-approach-to-a-child-with-movement-disorders
#6
Jennifer A O'Malley, Donald L Gilbert
Assessing movement can be especially challenging in children. Refined yet flexible observational examination skills and utilization of established phenomenological approaches are essential in distinguishing normal from abnormal movements in the developing child and reaching an appropriate diagnosis. Mastering such skill requires an appreciation of the unique features of the developing motor system and an understanding of key concepts underlying normal motor development in children. Establishing a trusting therapeutic relationship with the patient and family, minimizing anxiety, and utilizing observation and distraction during physical examination are essential to successful diagnosis and management...
April 2018: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730941/emotional-reactivity-to-daily-events-in-youth-with-anxiety-disorders
#7
Joanna Herres, Nicole E Caporino, Colleen M Cummings, Philip C Kendall
BACKGROUND: Although research supports associations between anxiety and emotional reactivity in adults (Cisler, J. M., Olatunji, B. O., Feldner, M. T., & Forsyth, J. P. (2010). Emotion regulation and the anxiety disorders: an integrative review. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 32(1), 68-82.), few studies have examined emotional reactivity in anxious youth (e.g., Carthy et al., 2010; Tan, P. Z., Forbes, E. E., Dahl, R. E., Ryan, N. D., Siegle, G. J...
May 7, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728760/is-surgery-a-risk-factor-for-separation-anxiety-in-children
#8
Muhammet Emin Naldan, Ali Karayagmurlu, Elif Oral Ahıskalıoglu, Mehmet Nuri Cevizci, Pelin Aydin, Duygu Kara
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative anxiety symptoms are distressing for both family and child. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of postoperative anxiety symptoms in children. METHODS: 60 children aged 6-12 undergoing surgery were included in the study group. The study group was assessed three times in terms of separation anxiety disorder (SAD), at the time of presentation, 1 and 3 months postoperatively. A personal information form and the SAD section of the K-SADS-PL on the basis of DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for screening SAD symptoms were used...
May 4, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721744/students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-their-parents-in-the-transition-into-higher-education-impact-on-dynamics-in-the-parent-child-relationship
#9
Valérie Van Hees, Herbert Roeyers, Jan De Mol
This study examined how 34 senior students and first-year college students with autism spectrum disorder, their mothers (n = 34) and fathers (n = 26) navigate the higher education transition, and how this context impacts on dynamics in the parent-child relationships. Semi-structured interviews were analyzed based on grounded theory and dyadic analysis principles. Both parties were confronted with an abundance of challenges and experienced strong feelings of ambivalence, stress and anxiety. Differences in perspectives occurred regarding the construction of adulthood, the acquisition of autonomy, disclosure and subscribing to support services...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718535/vigilant-attention-to-threat-sleep-patterns-and-anxiety-in-peripubertal-youth
#10
Emily J Ricketts, Rebecca B Price, Greg J Siegle, Jennifer S Silk, Erika E Forbes, Cecile D Ladouceur, Allison G Harvey, Neal D Ryan, Ronald E Dahl, Dana L McMakin
BACKGROUND: Vigilant attention to threat is commonly observed in anxiety, undergoes developmental changes in early adolescence, and has been proposed to interfere with sleep initiation and maintenance. We present one of the first studies to use objective measures to examine associations between vigilant attention to threat and difficulties initiating and maintaining sleep in an early adolescent anxious sample. We also explore the moderating role of development (age, puberty) and sex. METHODS: Participants were 66 peripubertal youth (ages 9-14) with a primary anxiety disorder and 24 healthy control subjects...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708046/preliminary-study-of-family-accommodation-in-4-7-year-olds-with-anxiety-frequency-clinical-correlates-and-treatment-response
#11
Sophia Zavrou, Brittany Rudy, Carly Johnco, Eric A Storch, Adam B Lewin
BACKGROUND: Childhood anxiety disorders are common in early childhood and are associated with marked impairment. Family accommodation, which contributes to the maintenance of child anxiety, has only been minimally examined in children under the age of 7 years with anxiety disorders. AIMS: This study aimed at examining the frequency and clinical correlates of family accommodation in anxious children under the age of 7 years, as well as changes in family accommodation following cognitive-behavioral treatment...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707169/testing-competing-factor-models-of-the-latent-structure-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-complex-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-according-to-icd-11
#12
Siobhan Murphy, Ask Elklit, Sarah Dokkedahl, Mark Shevlin
With the publication of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 11th edition (ICD-11) due for release in 2018, a number of studies have assessed the factorial validity of the proposed post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex (CPTSD) diagnostic criteria and whether the disorders are correlated but distinct constructs. As the specific nature of CPTSD symptoms has yet to be firmly established, this study aimed to examine the dimension of affect dysregulation as two separate constructs representing hyper-activation and hypo-activation...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699524/epidemiological-study-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-disorders-in-lithuania
#13
Sigita Lesinskiene, Sigita Girdzijauskiene, Grazina Gintiliene, Dovile Butkiene, Dainius Puras, Robert Goodman, Einar Heiervang
BACKGROUND: From the public health perspective, epidemiological data of child mental health and psychosocial correlates were necessary and very lacking in Lithuanian society that has been undergoing rapid socio-economic change since the past decades. Together with determining the prevalence rates of disorders and assessing the needs for the services, this study has also shifted attention from the highly selective samples of children attending children and adolescent mental health services towards less severe cases of psychopathology as well as different attitudes of parents and teachers...
April 24, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699012/-mental-health-problems-among-female-staff-in-a-provincial-maternal-and-child-health-hospital-an-investigation-of-647-individuals
#14
W J He, J H Xia, X Lv, L M Li
Objective: To investigate the current status of depression and anxiety among female staff in a maternal and child health hospital, and to provide a basis for developing related prevention and intervention measures and promoting the mental health of female staff. Methods: The female staff from a provincial maternal and child health hospital completed a psycho-health questionnaire survey on Internet from June to October, 2016. The questionnaires used in the survey consisted of Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) , Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7) , and Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) ...
February 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698054/effects-of-equine-assisted-activities-and-therapies-on-the-affective-network-of-adolescents-with-internet-gaming-disorder
#15
Kyoung Doo Kang, Tae Woon Jung, In Hui Park, Doug Hyun Han
OBJECTIVES: Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has been suggested to be a mental health disorder. Attachment and emotional status in IGD patients are important for understanding the etiology and progression of IGD because both parameters are considered to be associated with the affective network. Equine-assisted activities and therapies (EAAT) have been reported to improve emotional status and attachment in subjects. We hypothesized that EAAT would improve attachment in IGD adolescents with insecure attachment issues and increase functional connectivity (FC) within the affective network...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697487/family-health-related-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-cyclic-vomiting-syndrome
#16
Jennifer Wang-Hall, B U K Li, Sally E Tarbell
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship of disease characteristics and child anxiety symptoms to family health-related quality of life (FHRQoL) in youth with cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS). METHODS: Forty-two parents of youth ages 8 to 18 years diagnosed with CVS completed the Family Impact Module of the PedsQL, a measure of the impact of the child's illness on the family. We evaluated the relationship of disease characteristics and child and parent proxy reports of anxiety symptoms on the Screen for Childhood Anxiety and Related Emotional Disorders to FHRQoL...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696647/child-social-and-emotion-functioning-as-predictors-of-therapeutic-alliance-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety
#17
Monica Whitehead, Anna Jones, Joanie Bilms, Justin Lavner, Cynthia Suveg
OBJECTIVE: This study examined baseline child social and emotional functioning as predictors of therapeutic alliance during a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) program for children with anxiety disorders. It was hypothesized that better social and emotional functioning at baseline would be related to stronger alliance initially and over the course of treatment. METHOD: Ninety-two anxious youth, ages 7-11 years (M age = 8.93 years, SD = 1.64; 42% female) participated...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695824/postpartum-psychiatric-disorders
#18
REVIEW
Samantha Meltzer-Brody, Louise M Howard, Veerle Bergink, Simone Vigod, Ian Jones, Trine Munk-Olsen, Simone Honikman, Jeannette Milgrom
Pregnancy is a complex and vulnerable period that presents a number of challenges to women, including the development of postpartum psychiatric disorders (PPDs). These disorders can include postpartum depression and anxiety, which are relatively common, and the rare but more severe postpartum psychosis. In addition, other PPDs can include obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder and eating disorders. The aetiology of PPDs is a complex interaction of psychological, social and biological factors, in addition to genetic and environmental factors...
April 26, 2018: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694369/wearable-sensors-detect-childhood-internalizing-disorders-during-mood-induction-task
#19
Ellen W McGinnis, Ryan S McGinnis, Jessica Hruschak, Emily Bilek, Ka Ip, Diana Morlen, Jamie Lawler, Nestor L Lopez-Duran, Kate Fitzgerald, Katherine L Rosenblum, Maria Muzik
There is a significant need to develop objective measures for identifying children under the age of 8 who have anxiety and depression. If left untreated, early internalizing symptoms can lead to adolescent and adult internalizing disorders as well as comorbidity which can yield significant health problems later in life including increased risk for suicide. To this end, we propose the use of an instrumented fear induction task for identifying children with internalizing disorders, and demonstrate its efficacy in a sample of 63 children between the ages of 3 and 7...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694327/factorial-invariance-and-norms-of-the-30-item-shortened-version-of-the-revised-child-anxiety-and-depression-scale-rcads-30
#20
David Pineda, María Martín-Vivar, Bonifacio Sandín, José A Piqueras
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depressive disorders are among the most common mental disorders during childhood and adolescence. As the 30-item shortened version of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS-30) exhibits excellent psychometric properties, it is one of the most commonly used scales for the initial detection and assessment of these symptoms in children and adolescents. This is because of the advantage of its brevity when compared to the 47-item version. The aim of this study was to analyse factorial invariance according to sex, age, and format used to administer the test, and to identify the RCADS-30 subscales...
May 2018: Psicothema
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