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Child anxiety disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351895/a-tailored-web-based-intervention-to-improve-parenting-risk-and-protective-factors-for-adolescent-depression-and-anxiety-problems-postintervention-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Marie Bee Hui Yap, Shireen Mahtani, Ronald M Rapee, Claire Nicolas, Katherine A Lawrence, Andrew Mackinnon, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety disorders in young people are a global health concern. Parents have an important role in reducing the risk of these disorders, but cost-effective, evidence-based interventions for parents that can be widely disseminated are lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the postintervention effects of the Partners in Parenting (PiP) program on parenting risk and protective factors for adolescent depression and anxiety, and on adolescent depression and anxiety symptoms...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349245/mental-health-of-sub-saharan-african-migrants-the-gendered-role-of-migration-paths-and-transnational-ties
#2
Julie Pannetier, France Lert, Marie Jauffret Roustide, Annabel Desgrées du Loû
In Europe, migrants are at higher risk of common mental disorders or psychological distress than are natives. Little is known regarding the social determinants of migrant mental health, particularly the roles played by migration conditions and transnational practices, which may manifest themselves in different ways for men and for women. The goal of this paper was to understand the gendered roles of migration paths and transnational ties in mental health among sub-Saharan African migrants residing in the Paris, France, metropolitan area...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345479/culturally-adapted-transdiagnostic-cbt-for-ssri-resistant-turkish-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#3
Z Ceren Acarturk, Sami Abuhamdeh, Baland Jalal, Nurdan Unaldı, Behiye Alyanak, Mustafa Cetinkaya, Birgul Gulen, Devon Hinton
The most common mental health problems among adolescents are anxiety and mood disorders. While disorder-specific cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is effective for each of these conditions, the comorbidity between anxiety and mood disorders indicates a need for the development of evidence-based transdiagnostic treatments. To examine the efficacy of culturally adapted transdiagnostic CBT (CA-CBT) in reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression in treatment-resistant Turkish adolescents, 13 adolescent participants with anxiety or mood disorders who were treatment resistant received 10 sessions of CA-CBT in group format...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336041/symptoms-of-social-anxiety-depression-and-stress-in-parents-of-children-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#4
Brynjar Halldorsson, Jenny Draisey, Peter Cooper, Cathy Creswell
OBJECTIVES: It has been suggested that elevated maternal social anxiety may play a disorder-specific role in maintaining childhood social anxiety disorder (SAD), but few studies have examined whether mothers of children with SAD are more socially anxious than mothers of children with other anxiety disorders (ANX). This study set out to examine whether symptoms of social anxiety were more severe amongst mothers of 7-12 year old children presenting for treatment with SAD (n = 260) compared to those presenting with ANX (n = 138)...
January 16, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335030/preschool-psychiatric-disorders-homotypic-and-heterotypic-continuity-through-middle-childhood-and-early-adolescence
#5
Megan C Finsaas, Sara J Bufferd, Lea R Dougherty, Gabrielle A Carlson, Daniel N Klein
BACKGROUND: Many preschool-age children meet criteria for psychiatric disorders, and rates approach those observed in later childhood and adolescence. However, there is a paucity of longitudinal research examining the outcomes of preschool diagnoses. METHODS: Families with a 3-year-old child (N = 559) were recruited from the community. Primary caregivers were interviewed using the Preschool Age Psychiatric Assessment when children were 3 years old (n = 541), and, along with children, using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children Present and Lifetime Version when children were 9 and 12 years old...
January 16, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334851/what-are-the-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-migraine-in-the-child-comorbid-psychiatric-disorders-family-functioning-parenting-style-or-mom-s-psychiatric-symptoms
#6
Gozde Kandemir, Selma Tural Hesapcioglu, Aysegül N Citak Kurt
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatric diagnoses, parenting style, family functioning among children and adolescents with migraine, and psychiatric symptoms of their mothers were examined. METHODS: The K-SADS and other measurements were used to assess psychiatric disorders in 50 children with migraine (aged 8-18) and matched 50 controls. RESULTS: At least one psychiatric disorder was diagnosed in 56% of the migraine group. The presence of any psychiatric disorder in children (odds ratio [OR] = 2...
February 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334641/do-clinically-anxious-children-cluster-according-to-their-expression-of-factors-that-maintain-child-anxiety
#7
Samantha Pearcey, Anna Alkozei, Bhismadev Chakrabarti, Helen Dodd, Kou Murayama, Suzannah Stuijfzand, Cathy Creswell
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for childhood anxiety disorders, yet a significant proportion of children do not benefit from it. CBT for child anxiety disorders typically includes a range of strategies that may not all be applicable for all affected children. This study explored whether there are distinct subgroups of children with anxiety disorders who are characterized by their responses to measures of the key mechanisms that are targeted in CBT (i...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333196/brief-report-reduced-anxiety-following-pivotal-response-treatment-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Jiedi Lei, Denis G Sukhodolsky, Sebiha M Abdullahi, Megan L Braconnier, Pamela Ventola
Up to 40% of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) exhibit co-occurring anxiety symptoms. Despite recent success in mitigating anxiety symptoms in school-aged children with ASD (mean age >9 years) using adapted versions of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, little is known about potential treatment outcomes for younger children. To address the gap in the literature, this open-label study evaluated change in anxiety following a 16-week open-label trial of Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) in children with ASD aged 4-8 years...
November 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332179/profiles-and-correlates-of-parent-child-agreement-on-social-anxiety-symptoms-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Catherine A Burrows, Lauren V Usher, Emily M Becker-Haimes, Camilla M McMahon, Peter C Mundy, Amanda Jensen-Doss, Heather A Henderson
This study characterized patterns and correlates of parent-youth agreement on social anxiety in youth with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Participants (279 verbally-fluent youth aged 8-16 years, NASD = 144, NTD = 135) completed the SASC-R. Youth with ASD exhibited higher social anxiety across informants. While TD youth endorsed higher anxiety than did parents, self- and parent-reports did not differ in youth with ASD. For children with ASD, higher parent-youth agreement was associated with lower lifetime ASD symptoms and higher adaptive skills...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331049/prenatal-maternal-psychosocial-stress-and-offspring-s-asthma-and-allergic-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Catherine Flanigan, Aziz Sheikh, Audrey DunnGalvin, Bronwyn K Brew, Catarina Almqvist, Bright I Nwaru
BACKGROUND: Prenatal maternal stress may influence offspring's atopic risk through sustained cortisol secretion resulting from activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-axis (HPA), leading to Th2-biased cell differentiation in the fetus. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis investigating the relationship between prenatal maternal psychosocial stress and risk of asthma and allergy in the offspring. METHODS: We searched 11 electronic databases from 1960 to 2016, search the grey literature, and contacted experts in the field...
January 13, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325731/pharmacogenomic-testing-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-an-evidence-based-review
#11
Anna M Wehry, Laura Ramsey, Shane E Dulemba, Sarah A Mossman, Jeffrey R Strawn
Significant advances have been made in the application of pharmacogenomic testing for the treatment of patients with psychiatric disorders. Over the past decade, a number of studies have evaluated the utility of pharmacogenomic testing in pediatric patients with psychiatric disorders. The evidence base for pharmacogenomic testing in youth with depressive and anxiety disorders as well as attention/deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is reviewed in this article. General pharmacogenomic principles are summarized and functional polymorphisms in P450 enzymes (and associated metabolizer phenotypes), the serotonin transporter promoter polymorphisms, serotonin 2 A receptor genes (e...
January 8, 2018: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321711/validity-and-reliability-of-the-turkish-version-of-dsm-5-social-anxiety-disorder-severity-scale-child-form
#12
Şermin Yalin Sapmaz, Dilek Ergin, Nesrin Şen Celasin, Duygu Karaarslan, Masum Öztürk, Handan Özek Erkuran, Ertuğrul Köroğlu, Ömer Aydemir
Introduction: This study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Diagnostic and statistical manual of Mental Disorders. (5th ed.) (DSM-5) Social Anxiety Disorder Severity Scale- Child Form. Method: The scale was prepared by carrying out the translation and back translation of the DSM-5 Social Anxiety Disorder Severity Scale - Child Form. The study group consisted of 31 patients that had been treated in a child psychiatry unit and diagnosed with social anxiety disorder and 99 healthy volunteers that were attending middle or high school during the study period...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321671/preconception-carrier-screening-for-multiple-disorders-evaluation-of-a-screening-offer-in-a-dutch-founder-population
#13
Inge B Mathijssen, Kim C A Holtkamp, Cecile P E Ottenheim, Janneke M C van Eeten-Nijman, Phillis Lakeman, Hanne Meijers-Heijboer, Merel C van Maarle, Lidewij Henneman
Technological developments have enabled carrier screening for multiple disorders. This study evaluated experiences with a preconception carrier screening offer for four recessive disorders in a Dutch founder population. Questionnaires were completed by 182 attendees pretesting and posttesting and by 137 non-attendees. Semistructured interviews were conducted with seven of the eight carrier couples. Attendees were mainly informed about the existence of screening by friends/colleagues (49%) and family members (44%)...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302831/co-sleeping-among-school-aged-anxious-and-non-anxious-children-associations-with-sleep-variability-and-timing
#14
Cara A Palmer, Michelle A Clementi, Jessica M Meers, Candice A Alfano
Little is known about the co-sleeping behaviors of school-aged children, particularly among anxious youth who commonly present for the treatment of sleep problems. The current study examined the occurrence of co-sleeping in both healthy and clinically anxious children and its associated sleep patterns. A total of 113 children (ages 6-12), 75 with primary generalized anxiety disorder and 38 healthy controls, participated along with their primary caregiver. Families completed structured diagnostic assessments, and parents reported on their child's co-sleeping behaviors and anxiety severity...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302747/cytokine-chemokine-and-bdnf-levels-in-medication-free-pediatric-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#15
Rukiye Çolak Sivri, Ayhan Bilgiç, İbrahim Kılınç
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the serum levels of IL-12, IL-17, TGFβ, TNF-alpha, sTNFR1, sTNFR2, IL-1β, CCL3, CCL24, CXCL8, and BDNF are associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in medication-free children. A total of 44 (22 boys/22 girls) medication-free children with OCD and 40 (23 boys/17 girls) healthy controls were included in this study. The severity of the OCD symptoms were assessed by the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale and the Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory...
January 4, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301763/mental-disorder-in-children-with-physical-conditions-a-pilot-study
#16
Alexandra Butler, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Ellen Louise Lipman, Harriet L MacMillan, Andrea Gonzalez, Jan Willem Gorter, Kathy Georgiades, Kathy N Speechley, Michael H Boyle, Mark A Ferro
OBJECTIVES: Methodologically, to assess the feasibility of participant recruitment and retention, as well as missing data in studying mental disorder among children newly diagnosed with chronic physical conditions (ie, multimorbidity). Substantively, to examine the prevalence of multimorbidity, identify sociodemographic correlates and model the influence of multimorbidity on changes in child quality of life and parental psychosocial outcomes over a 6-month follow-up. DESIGN: Prospective pilot study...
January 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294817/characteristics-for-the-identification-of-children-who-commit-family-murder-in-south-africa
#17
Melanie Carmen Moen
Children who commit family murder have been increasingly reported on in the South African media. Violence of this type has far-reaching consequences for families and communities. In this qualitative study, nine documented cases of children who committed family murder were analyzed to gain an in-depth understanding of the factors that contribute to children murdering family members. The personal and systemic reasons for these types of murders guided the research. The Interpersonal Parental Acceptance-Rejection Theory (IPARTheory) was used as theoretical framework...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294725/association-of-domestic-violence-against-women-with-sociodemographic-factors-clinical-features-and-dissociative-symptoms-in-patients-who-receive-services-from-psychiatric-outpatient-units-in-turkey
#18
Zeynep Kotan, Vahap Ozan Kotan, Hayriye Dilek Yalvaç, Sibel Demir
Domestic violence (DV) against women is a serious problem with its negative effects on all family members and the society. Women exposed to DV not only have physical but also psychological damage. This study investigates prevalence of DV and its relations with some descriptive and clinical features in a psychiatric outpatient population in Turkey. A total of 277 female outpatients were included in the study. After a semistructured clinical interview, they were assessed by sociodemographic data form, DV questionnaire, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS), Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES), and Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire (SDQ)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290095/parental-alexithymia-depression-and-anxiety-levels-of-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-comparative-study-with-pervasive-developmental-disorders-and-adhd
#19
Ibrahim Durukan, Koray Kara, Mahmoud Almbaideen, Dursun Karaman, Hesna Gül
BACKGROUND: Recent studies showed that individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders and their relatives have problems to express and recognize emotions but there is a lack of studies concerning alexithymia levels and relationships between parental alexithymia and depression-anxiety symptoms in these groups. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine alexithymia, depression, anxiety levels of parents in children with pervasive developmental disorders and ADHD, also examine if there is a positive correlation between child's neurodevelopmental problem's severity and parental scores...
December 31, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283988/stigma-and-mental-disorders-in-developmental-age
#20
Marija Burgić Radmanović, Sanela Burgić
Most mental disorders begin during developmental age. Different misinformation about mental illnesses cause anxiety, create stereotypes and promote stigma. Stigma has been identified as a likely key factor in mental health services access and utilization, particularly under-utilization of existing services especially in children with mental disorders. Stigma is a problem with which parents / carers face child emotional and behavioral problems when they seek professional help. Very often they avoid to seek professional help due to existing stigmatized attitudes leading to lack of treatment...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
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