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Child anxiety disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099039/gilles-de-la-tourette-syndrome-depression-depressive-illness-and-correlates-in-a-child-and-adolescent-population
#1
Renata Rizzo, Mariangela Gulisano, Davide Martino, Mary May Robertson
OBJECTIVE: Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) and depression are both common disorders. It has been suggested that depression occurs in 13%-76% GTS patients. Despite this, there are few studies into the specific relationships and correlates between the two disorders. There is only some consensus as to the precise relationship between the two disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We undertook the study to investigate the relationship between depressive symptomatology and the core clinical features of GTS in a well-characterized clinical population of youth with this disorder...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078476/children-with-social-anxiety-and-other-anxiety-disorders-show-similar-deficits-in-habitual-emotional-regulation-evidence-for-a-transdiagnostic-phenomenon
#2
Verena Keil, Julia Asbrand, Brunna Tuschen-Caffier, Julian Schmitz
Deficits in emotion regulation (ER) are an important factor in maintaining social anxiety disorder (SAD) in adults. As SAD and ER problems typically develop during childhood and adolescence, and are maintained dynamically within the parent-child dyad, research on families can help to reveal the role ER plays in the early development of SAD. The current study assessed self-reported habitual ER in dyads of children with SAD (n = 31), children with mixed anxiety disorders (MAD; n = 41) and healthy control children (HC; n = 36), and their parents...
January 11, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068464/clinical-outcomes-in-children-and-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-and-substance-use-disorder-comorbidity
#3
Taiane de Azevedo Cardoso, Karen Jansen, Cristian Patrick Zeni, João Quevedo, Giovana Zunta-Soares, Jair C Soares
OBJECTIVE: To assess the global functioning and clinical outcomes of children and adolescents with bipolar disorder, children and adolescents with bipolar disorder and substance use disorder (SUD) comorbidity and healthy controls. METHODS: This study had a cross-sectional design. Participants were children and adolescents aged between 6 and 17 years, and data were collected between 2003 and 2015. Psychiatric diagnosis was established according to DSM-IV criteria using the Kiddie-SADS-Present and Lifetime Version or the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066857/attentional-bias-in-children-with-asthma-with-and-without-anxiety-disorders
#4
Joanne Dudeney, Louise Sharpe, Gemma Sicouri, Sarah Lorimer, Blake F Dear, Adam Jaffe, Hiran Selvadurai, Caroline Hunt
Children with asthma have a high prevalence of anxiety disorders, however, very little is known about the mechanisms that confer vulnerability for anxiety in this population. This study investigated whether children with asthma and anxiety disorders display attentional biases towards threatening stimuli, similar to what has been seen in children with anxiety disorders more generally. We also examined the relationships between attentional biases and anxiety symptomatology and asthma control for children with asthma...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057447/antidepressant-prescribing-by-pediatricians-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#5
Anne K Tulisiak, Jillian A Klein, Emily Harris, Marissa J Luft, Heidi K Schroeder, Sarah A Mossman, Sara T Varney, Brooks R Keeshin, Sian Cotton, Jeffrey R Strawn
Among pediatricians, perceived knowledge of efficacy, tolerability, dosing, and side effects of antidepressants represent significant sources of variability in the use of these medications in youth with depressive and anxiety disorders. Importantly, the qualitative factors that relate to varying levels of comfort with antidepressants and willingness to prescribe are poorly understood. Using a mixed-methods approach, in-depth interviews were conducted with community-based and academic medical center-based pediatricians (N = 14)...
January 2, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053279/prevalence-of-maternal-affective-disorders-in-chinese-mothers-of-preschool-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#6
Y W Yu, K H Chung, Y K Lee, W C Lam, M Gc Yiu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of affective disorders and identify their associated factors among Chinese mothers of preschool children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Autism Spectrum Disorders Multidisciplinary Clinic of the United Christian Hospital from August 2012 to June 2013. All mothers of a consecutive series of preschool children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders at their first visit to the clinic were recruited...
December 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052452/oxytocin-response-to-youth-mother-interactions-in-clinically-anxious-youth-is-associated-with-separation-anxiety-and-dyadic-behavior
#7
Eli R Lebowitz, Wendy K Silverman, Alyssa M Martino, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Ruth Feldman, James F Leckman
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are common in youth and cause significant distress and impairment to the individual and family. Oxytocin (OT), a nine amino acid peptide, is implicated in anxiety regulation and modulation of close interpersonal and attachment behavior. Anxiety disorders have been linked to low levels of salivary OT in youth. Research has also linked oxytocinergic functioning to social support, warm contact, and bonding, and indicated that contact with attachment figures stimulates OT response...
January 3, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043839/primary-pediatric-care-psychopharmacology-focus-on-medications-for-adhd-depression-and-anxiety
#8
Jeffrey R Strawn, Eric T Dobson, Lisa L Giles
The evidence base for psychopharmacologic interventions in youth with depressive and anxiety disorders as well as attention/deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has dramatically increased over the past two decades. Psychopharmacologic interventions commonly utilized in the pediatric primary care setting-selective serotonin (norepinephrine) reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs/SSNRIs), stimulants and α2 agonists-are reviewed. General pharmacologic principles are summarized along with class-related side effects and tolerability concerns (e...
December 30, 2016: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041823/changes-in-levels-of-parental-distress-after-their-child-with-atypical-genitalia-undergoes-genitoplasty
#9
Cortney Wolfe-Christensen, Amy B Wisniewski, Alexandria J Mullins, Kristy J Reyes, Paul Austin, Laurence Baskin, Kerlly Bernabé, Earl Cheng, Allyson Fried, Dominic Frimberger, Denise Galan, Lynette Gonzalez, Saul Greenfield, Thomas Kolon, Bradley Kropp, Yegappan Lakshmanan, Sabrina Meyer, Theresa Meyer, Natalie J Nokoff, Blake Palmer, Dix Poppas, Alethea Paradis, Elizabeth Yerkes, Larry L Mullins
BACKGROUND: The birth of a child with a disorder of sex development (DSD) and atypical genitalia can be traumatizing and isolating for families. Parents of children with DSD are at risk for increased levels of psychological distress, including depression, anxiety, illness uncertainty (IU), post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), and impairments in quality of life (QOL). Our previous report indicated that although the majority of parents of children with atypical genitalia were coping well prior to the child's genitoplasty, approximately 25% of them reported experiencing some type of psychological distress...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040827/family-structure-and-childhood-mental-disorders-new-findings-from-australia
#10
Francisco Perales, Sarah E Johnson, Janeen Baxter, David Lawrence, Stephen R Zubrick
PURPOSE: Many children now live in non-traditional families-including one-parent, blended, and step families. While a substantial body of international evidence indicates that these children display poorer cognitive and socio-emotional outcomes than children living in traditional families, research on childhood mental disorders is scarce. This report provides new evidence of the relationships between family structure and childhood mental disorders in an under-researched context, Australia...
December 31, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026191/maternal-postnatal-depression-and-anxiety-and-their-association-with-child-emotional-negativity-and-behavior-problems-at-two-years
#11
Jason M Prenoveau, Michelle G Craske, Valerie West, Andreas Giannakakis, Maria Zioga, Annukka Lehtonen, Beverley Davies, Elena Netsi, Jessica Cardy, Peter Cooper, Lynne Murray, Alan Stein
Postnatal maternal depression is associated with poorer child emotional and behavioral functioning, but it is unclear whether this occurs following brief episodes or only with persistent depression. Little research has examined the relation between postnatal anxiety and child outcomes. The present study examined the role of postnatal major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) symptom chronicity on children's emotional and behavioral functioning at 24 months. Following postnatal screening mothers (n = 296) were identified as having MDD, GAD, MDD and GAD, or no disorder at 3 months postnatal; the average age was 32...
January 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012350/parents-behavioral-inhibition-moderates-association-of-preschoolers-bi-with-risk-for-age-9-anxiety-disorders
#12
Allison Stumper, Allison P Danzig, Margaret W Dyson, Thomas M Olino, Gabrielle A Carlson, Daniel N Klein
BACKGROUND: Temperamental behavioral inhibition (BI) in children predicts later anxiety disorders. However, many children with BI do not develop anxiety disorders, suggesting the importance of identifying moderating factors. The current study examined whether parents' history of BI moderates the associations between preschoolers' BI and anxiety disorders at age 9. METHODS: The sample was 392 children and their parents from the community. Child BI was measured at age 3 using observational (Laboratory Temperament Assessment Battery; Lab-TAB) and parent report (Behavior Inhibition Questionnaire; BIQ) measures...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004234/predictors-of-treatment-effectiveness-for-youth-with-asd-and-comorbid-anxiety-disorders-it-all-depends-on-the-family
#13
F J A van Steensel, V M Zegers, S M Bögels
The study aimed to explore predictors of treatment effectiveness in a sample of 79 children with ASD who received cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for their anxiety disorders. Severity of anxiety disorders and anxiety symptoms were used to measure treatment effectiveness and was assessed pre-treatment, post-treatment, 3 months-, 1 and 2 years after CBT. Child characteristics and maternal anxiety did not predict treatment effect. Children with anxious fathers and children in 'un-involved' families had less anxiety symptoms at pre-treatment and displayed a less steep decline...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003806/psychological-disorders-and-ecological-factors-affect-the-development-of-executive-functions-%C3%A2-some-perspectives
#14
REVIEW
Rafika Zebdi, Louise Goyet, Charlotte Pinabiaux, Bahia Guellaï
The links between deficits in executive functions (EFs) (e.g., mental flexibility, inhibition capacities, etc.) and some psychological disorders (e.g., anxiety and depressive disorders) have been investigated in the past decades or so. Observations evidenced that some deficits in working memory, planning, and mental flexibility were highly correlated with anxiety and depressive disorders. The majority of studies focused on adults' population, whereas it seems important to adopt a developmental perspective to fully understand the dynamic relation of these EF/psychological disorders...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997235/familial-factors-victimization-and-psychological-health-among-sexual-minority-adolescents-in-sweden
#15
Kelly Donahue, Niklas Långström, Sebastian Lundström, Paul Lichtenstein, Mats Forsman
OBJECTIVES: To determine the influences of victimization experience and familial factors on the association between sexual minority status and psychological health outcomes among adolescents. METHODS: We used data from the Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden, a prospective, population-based study of all twins born in Sweden since 1992. Cross-sectional analyses included individuals who completed assessments at age 18 years (n = 4898) from 2000 to 2013. We also compared psychological health among sexual minority adolescents and their nonminority co-twins...
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995813/the-predictors-of-persistent-dsm-iv-disorders-in-3-year-follow-ups-of-the-british-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-surveys-1999-and-2004
#16
T Ford, F Macdiarmid, A E Russell, D Racey, R Goodman
BACKGROUND: The identification of the factors that influence the persistence of psychiatric disorder may assist practitioners to focus on young people who are particularly prone to poor outcomes, but population-based samples of sufficient size are rare. METHOD: This secondary analysis combined data from two large, population-based cross-sectional surveys in Great Britain (1999 and 2004) and their respective follow-ups (2002 and 2007), to study homotypic persistence among the 998 school-age children with psychiatric disorder at baseline...
December 20, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993255/-prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-mental-disorders-in-colombian-child-population-the-2015-national-mental-health-survey
#17
Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Javier Aulí, Nathalie Tamayo Martínez, Fabián Gil, Daniel Garzón, Germán Casas
INTRODUCTION: The 2015 National Mental Health Survey aimed to expand our knowledge about the real mental state of children in Colombia, taking into account the fact that most mental disorders in adults begin during childhood or adolescence. It is essential to have an improved knowledge of the magnitude of this issue and to design timely interventions that reduce long term complications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of the disorders in the last 12 months and 30 days according to the DSM-IV, as well as to collect data about social and demographic variables...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988331/parental-warmth-and-psychiatric-disorders-among-puerto-rican-children-in-two-different-socio-cultural-contexts
#18
Olga Santesteban-Echarri, María A Ramos-Olazagasti, Ruth E Eisenberg, Chiaying Wei, Héctor R Bird, Glorisa Canino, Cristiane S Duarte
BACKGROUND: Parental warmth (PW) has a strong influence on child development and may precede the onset of psychiatric disorders in children. PW is interconnected with other family processes (e.g., coercive discipline) that may also influence the development of psychiatric disorders in children. We prospectively examined the association between PW and child psychiatric disorders (anxiety, major depression disorder, ADHD, disruptive behavior disorders) over the course of three years among Puerto Rican youth, above and beyond the influence of other family factors...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976374/cognitive-therapy-as-an-early-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-a-randomized-controlled-trial-addressing-preliminary-efficacy-and-mechanisms-of-action
#19
Richard Meiser-Stedman, Patrick Smith, Anna McKinnon, Clare Dixon, David Trickey, Anke Ehlers, David M Clark, Adrian Boyle, Peter Watson, Ian Goodyer, Tim Dalgleish
BACKGROUND: Few efficacious early treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and adolescents exist. Previous trials have intervened within the first month post-trauma and focused on secondary prevention of later post-traumatic stress; however, considerable natural recovery may still occur up to 6-months post-trauma. No trials have addressed the early treatment of established PTSD (i.e. 2- to 6-months post-trauma). METHODS: Twenty-nine youth (8-17 years) with PTSD (according to age-appropriate DSM-IV or ICD-10 diagnostic criteria) after a single-event trauma in the previous 2-6 months were randomly allocated to Cognitive Therapy for PTSD (CT-PTSD; n = 14) or waiting list (WL; n = 15) for 10 weeks...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975360/-denial-of-pregnancy
#20
Peter Rott
With an incidence of 1:500, denial of pregnancy is a rather frequent incident in obstetrics. Strikingly, in our society, this issue is placed under a taboo. Reasons might be our moral values and socialization. Since pregnancy and motherhood have to be associated with joy, other sensations are often perceived as socially not accepted and thus denied. A similar phenomenon exists e. g. with postnatal depression.In all existing studies on denial of pregnancy, it was proven that there are no significant at-risk groups...
December 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
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