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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287195/-pilot-study-on-nutritional-and-eating-disorders-in-children-and-mood-disorders-comorbidity-or-prodromal-traits
#1
Paola Cimbolli, Álvaro Quiñones, Carla Ugarte, Adele De Pascale
INTRODUCTION: Both children affected by nutritional and eating disorders (ED) and adults with bipolar disorder (BD) display symptoms of deficient emotional self-regulation, which can present in different forms. If we observe the clinical and developmental histories of individuals affected by EDs and BD, based on a cognitive systemic post-rationalist approach, we can hypothesise a continuum between the two disorders. The aim of this pilot study is to support the hypothesis - from an explanatory rather than a non-descriptive approach - that EDs and BD are the possible result of issues tied to biological and psychological self-regulation...
January 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285561/adverse-parenting-is-associated-with-blunted-salivary-cortisol-awakening-response-and-altered-expression-of-glucocorticoid-receptor-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-2-adrenergic-receptor-mrnas-in-leukocytes-in-japanese-medical-students
#2
Tomoko Kawai, Yuki Kuwano, Kiyoshi Masuda, Kinuyo Fujita, Hiroki Tanaka, Tatsuya Nishikawa, Kazuhito Rokutan, Kensei Nishida
Adverse parenting is associated with an increased risk for the development of mood and behavioral disorders. In this study, we assessed the perceived parental bonding of 232 medical students using the parental bonding instrument (PBI) and extracted 22 students who reported their parents' rearing attitudes as affectionless control (LOW; low care, high overprotection). Using the 28-item general health questionnaire, the Zung self-rating depression scale (Zung-SDS), the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), and the Spielberger state-trait-anxiety-inventory (STAI), physical and mental state of the LOW students were compared with those of 30 students who reported their parental bonding as optimal (OPT; high care and low overprotection)...
March 12, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283835/a-developmental-approach-to-dimensional-expression-of-psychopathology-in-child-and-adolescent-offspring-of-parents-with-bipolar-disorder
#3
María Goretti Morón-Nozaleda, Covadonga M Díaz-Caneja, Elisa Rodríguez-Toscano, Celso Arango, Josefina Castro-Fornieles, Elena de la Serna, Ana Espliego, Vanessa Sanchez-Gistau, Soledad Romero, Immaculada Baeza, Gisela Sugranyes, Carmen Moreno, Dolores Moreno
The aim of this is to describe psychopathology, functioning and symptom dimensions accounting for subthreshold manifestations and developmental status in child and adolescent offspring of parents with bipolar disorder ("high-risk offspring"). The study population comprised 90 high-risk offspring (HR-offspring) and 107 offspring of community control parents (CC-offspring). Direct clinical observations and parental and offspring reports based on selected standardized clinical scales were used to assess offspring threshold and subthreshold diagnoses, symptoms and functioning...
March 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278600/parenting-stress-among-caregivers-of-children-with-bipolar-spectrum-disorders
#4
Guillermo Perez Algorta, Heather A MacPherson, Eric A Youngstrom, Caroline C Belt, L Eugene Arnold, Thomas W Frazier, H Gerry Taylor, Boris Birmaher, Sarah McCue Horwitz, Robert L Findling, Mary A Fristad
Caregivers of psychiatrically impaired children experience considerable parenting stress. However, no research has evaluated parenting stress within the context of pediatric bipolar spectrum disorders (BPSD). Thus, the aim of this investigation was to identify predictors and moderators of stress among caregivers in the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms study. Participants included 640 children and their caregivers in the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms cohort. Children had a mean age of 9...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278596/diagnostic-efficiency-of-the-child-and-adolescent-symptom-inventory-casi-4r-depression-subscale-for-identifying-youth-mood-disorders
#5
Stephanie Salcedo, Yen-Ling Chen, Eric A Youngstrom, Mary A Fristad, Kenneth D Gadow, Sarah M Horwitz, Thomas W Frazier, L Eugene Arnold, Mary L Phillips, Boris Birmaher, Robert A Kowatch, Robert L Findling
This study examined the diagnostic and clinical utility of the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-4 R (CASI-4 R) Depressive and Dysthymia subscale for detecting mood disorders in youth (ages 6-12; M = 9.37) visiting outpatient mental health clinics. Secondary analyses (N = 700) utilized baseline data from the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms study. Semistructured interviews with youth participants and their parents/caregivers determined psychiatric diagnoses. Caregivers and teachers completed the CASI-4 R...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262260/-suicidal-attempts-in-child-and-adolescent-and-bipolar-disorders
#6
N Dugand, S Thümmler, C Pradier, F Askenazy
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent psychiatrists are frequently confronted with suicide attempts and comorbid mood disorders. Diagnoses of juvenile bipolar disorders (BD) are rare and controversial and standardized assessment is helpful for a reliable diagnosis. The main objective of this study was to identify the number of juvenile bipolar disorder diagnoses according to DSM-5 criteria in a population of children and adolescents hospitalized for suicide attempts. Secondary objectives were the assessment of a patient's characteristics and the comparison of suicide attempt recurrence during 12 months of follow-up...
March 2, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251031/olanzapine-induced-priapism-in-a-child-with-asperger-s-syndrome
#7
Hasan Bozkurt, Serkan Şahin
BACKGROUND: Priapism is a potentially painful and prolonged erection that occurs in the absence of any stimulation. Olanzapine has been reported to induce priapism in several adult cases with schizophrenia and/or mood disorders but very rarely reported in children. CASE REPORT: 9-year-old male with Asperger's Syndrome (AS) referred to our clinic with the complaints of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. He was diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and given methylphenidate treatment which ameliorated his ADHD symptoms...
January 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198209/a-report-of-sexual-abuse-in-an-afghan-refugee-boy-in-iran
#8
Naimeh Farhidnia, Nahid Dadashzadeh Asl, Azadeh Memarian
All children have the right to complete and integrated physical and psychological protection against abuse. The most important reason and risk factors for child abuse are social causes including poor familial support, poverty, mood disorders in the family, and addiction. Here, we report a case of child abuse of an Afghan child in Iran with a background of mood disturbances who presented with multiple trauma and injury. A nine-year-old Afghan boy was described with multiple injuries on neck, upper and lower extremities, and trunk...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192774/irritability-in-child-and-adolescent-psychopathology-an-integrative-review-for-icd-11
#9
REVIEW
Spencer C Evans, Jeffrey D Burke, Michael C Roberts, Paula J Fite, John E Lochman, Francisco R de la Peña, Geoffrey M Reed
In preparation for the World Health Organization's development of the Eleventh Revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11) chapter on Mental and Behavioral Disorders, this article reviews the literature pertaining to severe irritability in child and adolescent psychopathology. First, research on severe mood dysregulation suggests that youth with irritability and temper outbursts, among other features of hyperactivity and arousal, demonstrate cross-sectional correlates and developmental outcomes that distinguish them from youth with bipolar disorder...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185670/the-relationship-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-males-results-from-a-nationally-representative-united-states-sample
#10
Sarah Turner, Tamara Taillieu, Kristene Cheung, Tracie O Afifi
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the associations between childhood sexual abuse (CSA), co-occurrence with other types of maltreatment and adult mental health outcomes, specifically among males. The objectives of this study were to: 1) determine the prevalence of males who have experienced a) childhood maltreatment without CSA; b) CSA without other forms of childhood maltreatment; and c) CSA along with other forms of childhood maltreatment; and 2) determine the relationship between CSA among males and mood, anxiety, substance and personality disorders and suicide attempts...
February 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141709/a-9-year-old-girl-with-persistent-obsessive-and-compulsive-behaviors-in-a-primary-care-pediatric-practice
#11
Lauren Gist, Carol Mathews, Katherine N Williams, Martin T Stein
Chloe is a 9-year-old gal whose mother made an initial visit to a new pediatrician for concerns about her behavior. Chloe is apprehensive about the visit and frequently hides behind her mother.Her parents first noticed Chloe becoming angry and more emotional 3 years ago, which her parents did not initially understand. However, over the past year, she has started to have more worries and unusual behavior.Chloe and her mother report that when she walks through doorways, she will almost always go back and walks through again...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138202/treating-an-adolescent-with-long-qt-syndrome-for-bipolar-disorder-a-case-presentation
#12
Özlem Önen, Ayşe Kutlu, Handan Özek Erkuran
OBJECTIVES: Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is described as the development of sudden syncope attacks or death as a result of ventricular tachycardia (VT) episodes that might be observed as elongated QT interval in electrocardiography (ECG). Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) is recommended as first-line treatment for the condition in guidelines. We aimed to present an adolescent recently diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder (BD) who had LQTS that was treated with ICD, discussing her follow up and treatment along with relevant literature...
January 26, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135019/acute-stress-disorder-and-the-transition-to-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-prevalence-course-prognosis-diagnostic-suitability-and-risk-markers
#13
Richard Meiser-Stedman, Anna McKinnon, Clare Dixon, Adrian Boyle, Patrick Smith, Tim Dalgleish
BACKGROUND: Early recovery from trauma exposure in youth is poorly understood. This prospective longitudinal study examined the early course of traumatic stress responses in recently trauma-exposed youth, evaluated the revised DSM-5 acute stress disorder (ASD) and PTSD diagnoses and alternative diagnoses, and identified risk factors for persistent traumatic stress. METHOD: Participants were 8- to 17-year-old emergency departments attendees exposed to single incident traumas...
January 30, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130647/test-retest-reliability-of-the-underlying-latent-factor-structure-of-alcohol-subjective-response
#14
Joseph A Lutz, Emma Childs
RATIONALE: Alcohol subjective experiences are multi-dimensional and demonstrate wide inter-individual variability. Recent efforts have sought to establish a clearer understanding of subjective alcohol responses by identifying core constructs derived from multiple measurement instruments. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the temporal stability of this approach to conceptualizing alcohol subjective experiences across successive alcohol administrations in the same individuals...
January 27, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122520/postnatal-depression-screening-in-a-paediatric-primary-care-setting-in-italy
#15
Antonio Clavenna, Elena Seletti, Massimo Cartabia, Anna Didoni, Filomena Fortinguerra, Teresa Sciascia, Luca Brivio, Daniela Malnis, Maurizio Bonati
BACKGROUND: Postnatal depression is a non-psychotic depressive disorder that begins within 4 weeks of childbirth and occurs in 13% of mothers and 10% of fathers. A prospective study with the aim to evaluate the prevalence of postnatal depression by screening parents with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) in the Italian paediatric primary care setting was performed. METHODS: Mothers and fathers of infants born between 1 February and 31 July 2012, living in Italy's Milan-1 local health unit area, represented the target population of this pilot study...
January 25, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112698/ericksonian-hypnotherapy-for-selective-mutism-a-single-case-study
#16
Mauro Cavarra, Adelina Brizio, Nicoletta Gava
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Children affected by selective mutism don't speak in contexts that are unfamiliar to them or in which speaking is expected or required (e.g. school, kindergarten…). Such disorder interferes with the child's normal activities, may have invalidating consequences in the long run if left untreated, is associated to anxious conditions and is considered hard to treat. Contemporary research is still in need of methodologically rigorous outcome studies and the results described in the small number of published randomized controlled trials and retrospective studies indicate cognitive-behavioral interventions lasting 20-24 sessions as the best therapeutic option...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093220/increased-oxytocin-levels-among-abstinent-heroin-addicts-association-with-aggressiveness-psychiatric-symptoms-and-perceived-childhood-neglect
#17
Lidia M Gerra, Gilberto Gerra, Laura Mercolini, Matteo Manfredini, Lorenzo Somaini, Chiara M Pieri, Maina Antonioni, Michele Protti, Paolo Ossola, Carlo Marchesi
A disruption of the oxytocin system seems to affect a variety of brain functions including emotions, mood and social behavior possibly underlying severe social deficits and susceptibility for substance use and mental health disorders. Early life adversity, such as insecure attachment in childhood, has been suggested to influence oxytocin tone contributing to a condition of neurobiological vulnerability. Aim of the present study was to investigate oxytocin serum levels in abstinent heroin addicted patients, in comparison with healthy controls, and the possible correlation with co-occurring psychiatric symptoms, aggressiveness and perception of parental neglect...
April 3, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072039/a-mother-s-borderline-personality-disorder-and-her-sensitivity-autonomy-support-hostility-fearful-disoriented-behavior-and-role-reversal-with-her-young-child
#18
Jenny Macfie, Gretchen Kurdziel, Rebecca M Mahan, Stephanie Kors
There is some evidence that maternal borderline personality disorder (BPD) adversely affects parenting in infancy, resulting in disorganized attachment, which longitudinally predicts BPD symptoms in adulthood. We examined parenting related to disorganized attachment beyond infancy in offspring of mothers with BPD, when parenting becomes a goal-corrected partnership. We observed puzzle solving in a low socioeconomic status (SES) sample of mothers with BPD and their children ages 4-7, n = 36, and normative comparisons, n = 34...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068464/clinical-outcomes-in-children-and-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-and-substance-use-disorder-comorbidity
#19
Taiane de Azevedo Cardoso, Karen Jansen, Cristian Patrick Zeni, João Quevedo, Giovana Zunta-Soares, Jair C Soares
OBJECTIVE: To assess the global functioning and clinical outcomes of children and adolescents with bipolar disorder, children and adolescents with bipolar disorder and substance use disorder (SUD) comorbidity and healthy controls. METHODS: This study had a cross-sectional design. Participants were children and adolescents aged between 6 and 17 years, and data were collected between 2003 and 2015. Psychiatric diagnosis was established according to DSM-IV criteria using the Kiddie-SADS-Present and Lifetime Version or the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068462/extent-time-course-and-moderators-of-antipsychotic-treatment-in-youth-with-mood-disorders-results-of-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-analyses
#20
Chiara Cervesi, Su Young Park, Britta Galling, Silvia Molteni, Gabriele Masi, Tobias Gerhard, Mark Olfson, Christoph U Correll
OBJECTIVE: To meta-analytically examine the trends and correlates of antipsychotic use in youth with mood disorders. METHODS: Systematic literature search without language restriction in PubMed/MEDLINE/PsycINFO from database inception through March 2015 using the following search terms: (antipsychotic* OR neuroleptic* OR "dopamine blocker*" OR antidopaminergic) AND (child* OR adolescen* OR pediatric OR youth) AND (prescription* OR prescrib* OR use OR utilization OR database OR pharmacoepidemiolog* OR frequency OR rate OR rates)...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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