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Child mood disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441041/the-child-network-for-parents-to-track-their-child-s-mood-and-behavior
#1
Robert M Post, Michael Rowe, Dana Kaplan, Robert Findling
INTRODUCTION: A wide range of psychiatric disorders are common in young children, especially in those at high risk because of a parent with a unipolar or bipolar mood disorder in the United States. Yet in part because most children are seen in primary care, these illnesses are often not recognized or treated in a timely fashion. To begin to address this problem, we started the Child Network. METHODS: The Child Network is for parents of children age 2-12 with mood or behavioral symptoms or at high risk for them...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427034/taxometric-analyses-and-predictive-accuracy-of-callous-unemotional-traits-regarding-quality-of-life-and-behavior-problems-in-non-conduct-disorder-diagnoses
#2
Pierre C M Herpers, Helen Klip, Nanda N J Rommelse, Mark J Taylor, Corina U Greven, Jan K Buitelaar
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits have mainly been studied in relation to conduct disorder (CD), but can also occur in other disorder groups. However, it is unclear whether there is a clinically relevant cut-off value of levels of CU traits in predicting reduced quality of life (QoL) and clinical symptoms, and whether CU traits better fit a categorical (taxonic) or dimensional model. Parents of 979 youths referred to a child and adolescent psychiatric clinic rated their child's CU traits on the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional traits (ICU), QoL on the Kidscreen-27, and clinical symptoms on the Child Behavior Checklist...
April 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412891/service-receipt-and-mental-disorders-in-child-welfare-and-mental-health-systems-in-los-angeles-county
#3
Amy S He, Dorian E Traube, Kim C Brimhall, Caroline Lim, Greg Lecklitner, Adrienne Olson
OBJECTIVE: Use of administrative data from child welfare (CW) and mental health systems in Los Angeles County provided a unique opportunity to more closely examine mental health needs of children dually served by these systems. This study examined the presence of mental disorders and correlates of receipt of mental health services by diagnostic classification in this population. METHODS: Data were obtained for 3,191 children receiving services from Los Angeles County's Department of Children and Family Services and Department of Mental Health (DMH) between July 2011 and July 2012...
April 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398817/predictors-of-later-psychopathology-in-young-children-with-disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder
#4
Lea R Dougherty, Chelsey S Barrios, Gabrielle A Carlson, Daniel N Klein
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify childhood factors that predict later psychiatric problems in children with disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD). METHODS: The sample consisted of 36 6-year-old children who met criteria for DMDD who were followed up at 9 years of age. Child psychopathology was assessed at age 6 using the Preschool Age Psychiatric Assessment (PAPA) and at age 9 using the Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia. We compared children with DMDD at age 6 who continued to have a psychiatric diagnosis at age 9 (n = 17) to children with DMDD at age 6 with no psychiatric diagnosis at age 9 (n = 19) across several age 6 predictors: child psychopathology, irritability and temperament, parenting, and maternal psychopathology...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396906/the-lausanne-geneva-cohort-study-of-offspring-of-parents-with-mood-disorders-methodology-findings-current-sample-characteristics-and-perspectives
#5
Caroline L Vandeleur, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Enrique Castelao, Mehdi Gholam-Rezaee, François Ferrero, Pierre Marquet, Jean-Michel Aubry, Martin Preisig
PURPOSE: Studies focusing on the offspring of affected parents utilize the well-established familial aggregation of mood disorders as a powerful tool for the identification of risk factors, early clinical manifestations, and prodromes of mood disorders in these offspring. The major goals of the Lausanne-Geneva mood cohort study are to: (1) assess the familial aggregation of bipolar and unipolar mood disorders; (2) prospectively identify risk factors for mood disorders as well as their early signs and prodromes; (3) identify their endophenotypes including cognitive features, alterations in brain structure, HPA-axis dysregulation, and abnormalities of the circadian rhythm of activity...
April 10, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363151/irritability-in-adhd-associations-with-depression-liability
#6
Olga Eyre, Kate Langley, Argyris Stringaris, Ellen Leibenluft, Stephan Collishaw, Anita Thapar
BACKGROUND: Irritability and the new DSM-5 diagnostic category of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD) have been conceptualised as related to mood disorder. Irritability is common in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) but little is known about its association with depression risk in this group. This study aims to establish levels of irritability and prevalence of DMDD in a clinical sample of children with ADHD, and examine their association with anxiety, depression and family history of depression...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363118/gender-differences-in-automatic-thoughts-and-cortisol-and-alpha-amylase-responses-to-acute-psychosocial-stress-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-personality-disorder
#7
Masayuki Kanehisa, Chiwa Kawashima, Mari Nakanishi, Kana Okamoto, Harumi Oshita, Koji Masuda, Fuku Takita, Toshihiko Izumi, Ayako Inoue, Yoshinobu Ishitobi, Haruka Higuma, Taiga Ninomiya, Jotaro Akiyoshi
INTRODUCTION: Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) has a pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfection, and mental and interpersonal control at the expense of flexibility, openness, and efficiency. The aims of the present study were to explore the relationship between OCPD and psychological stress and psychological tests. METHODS: We evaluated 63 OCPD patients and 107 healthy controls (HCs). We collected saliva samples from patients and controls before and after a social stress procedure, the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST), to measure the concentrations of salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) and salivary cortisol...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331498/electroconvulsive-therapy-use-in-youth-in-the-province-of-quebec
#8
Annie Loiseau, Marie-Claude Harrisson, Vincent Beaudry, Simon Patry
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy's (ECT) safety and tolerability is well-established in the treatment of severe psychiatric disorders in adults, but has been less studied in youth. The aim of the present study was to describe the use of ECT in youth in Quebec City and obtain Child and Adolescent Psychiatrists' (CAP) perceptions in the province of Quebec. METHODS: The authors reviewed charts of minors who received ECT treatment in the Quebec City metropolitan area between 1995 and 2014 (part 1)...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326741/the-impact-of-childhood-adversities-on-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders-in-adulthood
#9
Marketa Marackova, Jan Prasko, Stanislav Matousek, Klara Latalova, Radovan Hruby, Michaela Holubova, Milos Slepecky, Kristyna Vrbova, Ales Grambal
OBJECTIVES: The childhood adversities model is generally accepted as a predictor of adult psychopathology vulnerability. It stems from child development theories, but the question remains as of how well solid research supports it. The aim of this article is to give a review of the studies concerning childhood adversities and their impact on the development of anxiety disorders and major depressive disorder in adulthood. METHOD: A computerized search of the MEDLINE database of publications up to 31 March 2016 was done, using the keywords "childhood adversities, abuse, maltreatment, bullying" and "anxiety disorders, depressive disorder"...
December 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287195/-pilot-study-on-nutritional-and-eating-disorders-in-children-and-mood-disorders-comorbidity-or-prodromal-traits
#10
Paola Cimbolli, Álvaro Quiñones, Carla Ugarte, Adele De Pascale
INTRODUCTION: Both children affected by nutritional and eating disorders (ED) and adults with bipolar disorder (BD) display symptoms of deficient emotional self-regulation, which can present in different forms. If we observe the clinical and developmental histories of individuals affected by EDs and BD, based on a cognitive systemic post-rationalist approach, we can hypothesise a continuum between the two disorders. The aim of this pilot study is to support the hypothesis - from an explanatory rather than a non-descriptive approach - that EDs and BD are the possible result of issues tied to biological and psychological self-regulation...
January 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285561/adverse-parenting-is-associated-with-blunted-salivary-cortisol-awakening-response-and-altered-expression-of-glucocorticoid-receptor-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-2-adrenergic-receptor-mrnas-in-leukocytes-in-japanese-medical-students
#11
Tomoko Kawai, Yuki Kuwano, Kiyoshi Masuda, Kinuyo Fujita, Hiroki Tanaka, Tatsuya Nishikawa, Kazuhito Rokutan, Kensei Nishida
Adverse parenting is associated with an increased risk for the development of mood and behavioral disorders. In this study, we assessed the perceived parental bonding of 232 medical students using the parental bonding instrument (PBI) and extracted 22 students who reported their parents' rearing attitudes as affectionless control (LOW; low care, high overprotection). Using the 28-item general health questionnaire, the Zung self-rating depression scale (Zung-SDS), the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), and the Spielberger state-trait-anxiety-inventory (STAI), physical and mental state of the LOW students were compared with those of 30 students who reported their parental bonding as optimal (OPT; high care and low overprotection)...
March 12, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283835/a-developmental-approach-to-dimensional-expression-of-psychopathology-in-child-and-adolescent-offspring-of-parents-with-bipolar-disorder
#12
María Goretti Morón-Nozaleda, Covadonga M Díaz-Caneja, Elisa Rodríguez-Toscano, Celso Arango, Josefina Castro-Fornieles, Elena de la Serna, Ana Espliego, Vanessa Sanchez-Gistau, Soledad Romero, Immaculada Baeza, Gisela Sugranyes, Carmen Moreno, Dolores Moreno
The aim of this is to describe psychopathology, functioning and symptom dimensions accounting for subthreshold manifestations and developmental status in child and adolescent offspring of parents with bipolar disorder ("high-risk offspring"). The study population comprised 90 high-risk offspring (HR-offspring) and 107 offspring of community control parents (CC-offspring). Direct clinical observations and parental and offspring reports based on selected standardized clinical scales were used to assess offspring threshold and subthreshold diagnoses, symptoms and functioning...
March 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278600/parenting-stress-among-caregivers-of-children-with-bipolar-spectrum-disorders
#13
Guillermo Perez Algorta, Heather A MacPherson, Eric A Youngstrom, Caroline C Belt, L Eugene Arnold, Thomas W Frazier, H Gerry Taylor, Boris Birmaher, Sarah McCue Horwitz, Robert L Findling, Mary A Fristad
Caregivers of psychiatrically impaired children experience considerable parenting stress. However, no research has evaluated parenting stress within the context of pediatric bipolar spectrum disorders (BPSD). Thus, the aim of this investigation was to identify predictors and moderators of stress among caregivers in the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms study. Participants included 640 children and their caregivers in the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms cohort. Children had a mean age of 9...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278596/diagnostic-efficiency-of-the-child-and-adolescent-symptom-inventory-casi-4r-depression-subscale-for-identifying-youth-mood-disorders
#14
Stephanie Salcedo, Yen-Ling Chen, Eric A Youngstrom, Mary A Fristad, Kenneth D Gadow, Sarah M Horwitz, Thomas W Frazier, L Eugene Arnold, Mary L Phillips, Boris Birmaher, Robert A Kowatch, Robert L Findling
This study examined the diagnostic and clinical utility of the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-4 R (CASI-4 R) Depressive and Dysthymia subscale for detecting mood disorders in youth (ages 6-12; M = 9.37) visiting outpatient mental health clinics. Secondary analyses (N = 700) utilized baseline data from the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms study. Semistructured interviews with youth participants and their parents/caregivers determined psychiatric diagnoses. Caregivers and teachers completed the CASI-4 R...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262260/-suicidal-attempts-in-child-and-adolescent-and-bipolar-disorders
#15
N Dugand, S Thümmler, C Pradier, F Askenazy
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent psychiatrists are frequently confronted with suicide attempts and comorbid mood disorders. Diagnoses of juvenile bipolar disorders (BD) are rare and controversial and standardized assessment is helpful for a reliable diagnosis. The main objective of this study was to identify the number of juvenile bipolar disorder diagnoses according to DSM-5 criteria in a population of children and adolescents hospitalized for suicide attempts. Secondary objectives were the assessment of a patient's characteristics and the comparison of suicide attempt recurrence during 12 months of follow-up...
March 2, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251031/olanzapine-induced-priapism-in-a-child-with-asperger-s-syndrome
#16
Hasan Bozkurt, Serkan Şahin
BACKGROUND: Priapism is a potentially painful and prolonged erection that occurs in the absence of any stimulation. Olanzapine has been reported to induce priapism in several adult cases with schizophrenia and/or mood disorders but very rarely reported in children. CASE REPORT: 9-year-old male with Asperger's Syndrome (AS) referred to our clinic with the complaints of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. He was diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and given methylphenidate treatment which ameliorated his ADHD symptoms...
January 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198209/a-report-of-sexual-abuse-in-an-afghan-refugee-boy-in-iran
#17
Naimeh Farhidnia, Nahid Dadashzadeh Asl, Azadeh Memarian
All children have the right to complete and integrated physical and psychological protection against abuse. The most important reason and risk factors for child abuse are social causes including poor familial support, poverty, mood disorders in the family, and addiction. Here, we report a case of child abuse of an Afghan child in Iran with a background of mood disturbances who presented with multiple trauma and injury. A nine-year-old Afghan boy was described with multiple injuries on neck, upper and lower extremities, and trunk...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192774/irritability-in-child-and-adolescent-psychopathology-an-integrative-review-for-icd-11
#18
REVIEW
Spencer C Evans, Jeffrey D Burke, Michael C Roberts, Paula J Fite, John E Lochman, Francisco R de la Peña, Geoffrey M Reed
In preparation for the World Health Organization's development of the Eleventh Revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11) chapter on Mental and Behavioral Disorders, this article reviews the literature pertaining to severe irritability in child and adolescent psychopathology. First, research on severe mood dysregulation suggests that youth with irritability and temper outbursts, among other features of hyperactivity and arousal, demonstrate cross-sectional correlates and developmental outcomes that distinguish them from youth with bipolar disorder...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185670/the-relationship-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-males-results-from-a-nationally-representative-united-states-sample
#19
Sarah Turner, Tamara Taillieu, Kristene Cheung, Tracie O Afifi
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the associations between childhood sexual abuse (CSA), co-occurrence with other types of maltreatment and adult mental health outcomes, specifically among males. The objectives of this study were to: 1) determine the prevalence of males who have experienced a) childhood maltreatment without CSA; b) CSA without other forms of childhood maltreatment; and c) CSA along with other forms of childhood maltreatment; and 2) determine the relationship between CSA among males and mood, anxiety, substance and personality disorders and suicide attempts...
February 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141709/a-9-year-old-girl-with-persistent-obsessive-and-compulsive-behaviors-in-a-primary-care-pediatric-practice
#20
Lauren Gist, Carol Mathews, Katherine N Williams, Martin T Stein
Chloe is a 9-year-old gal whose mother made an initial visit to a new pediatrician for concerns about her behavior. Chloe is apprehensive about the visit and frequently hides behind her mother.Her parents first noticed Chloe becoming angry and more emotional 3 years ago, which her parents did not initially understand. However, over the past year, she has started to have more worries and unusual behavior.Chloe and her mother report that when she walks through doorways, she will almost always go back and walks through again...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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