Read by QxMD icon Read

Cochlear implants, hearing loss

Patricia García-Cabo, Fernando Rivas, Fernando López, Andrés Coca, José Luis Llorente, Justo R Gómez
INTRODUCTION: Contralateral sensorineural hearing loss (CSNHL) after vestibular schwannoma (VS) is a severe complication, especially in those cases in which hearing preservation in the operated side was not possible. There are several theories that attempt to explain this issue, but there is no established guideline of treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We report 4 patients treated in our institution who developed a severe CSNHL after surgery. RESULTS: Of the 185 cases of VS treated with surgery, 4 patients (2...
June 18, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Angel Ramos Macías, Juan Carlos Falcón-González, Manuel Manrique Rodríguez, Constantino Morera Pérez, Luis García-Ibáñez, Carlos Cenjor Español, Chrystelle Coudert-Koall, Matthijs Killian
OBJECTIVE: To show that patients with unilateral hearing loss (UHL), with one ear fulfilling cochlear implant (CI) indication criteria, and an additional severe tinnitus handicap can be treated effectively with a CI. METHOD: A prospective multi-centre study was conducted in five Spanish centres. Sixteen adult patients with UHL and a mean Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) score of at least 58 were implanted. The study design included repeated within-subject measures of quality of life (Health Utility Index Mark 3 [HUI3]), tinnitus (THI, Visual Analogue Scale [VAS] on tinnitus loudness), hearing (Speech, Spatial, and Qualities of Hearing Scale- [SSQ]), and hyperacusis (Test de Hipersensibilidad al Sonido [THS]) up to 12 months after the initial CI fitting...
June 21, 2018: Audiology & Neuro-otology
Wyatte C Hall, Dongmei Li, Timothy D V Dye
OBJECTIVES: To assess the influence of hearing loss on child behavioral diagnoses, and socioemotional and behavior status. METHODS: We analyzed US National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) child data, years 2011 to 2015, for associations between reported hearing loss and relevant NHIS items. RESULTS: Compared with hearing children, NHIS respondents with a deaf child were more likely to report developmental delays (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 11...
June 21, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Y Ma, Y Zheng, G Li, T Lu, M Nie
Objective: To study the early prelingual auditory development in the pediatric cochlear implant(CI) recipients from 1 years old to 5 years old. Method: The study was designed as retrospectively. A total of 103 children with profound prelingual sensorineural hearing loss were included in this study. All participants were divided into four groups as 1-2 yr,>2-3 yr,>3-4 yr and >4-5 yr,according to the age of cochlear implantation. The scores of IT-MAIS/MAIS(total scores,sound detection scores and sound recognition scores)before implantation(or at switch-on)and 3,6,12 months after implantation were analyzed with Mixed linear model...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Y Yang, J Y Gao, X Y Qian, Y Guan, Y H Cao, N Zhao, J Huang, X Gao
Objective: To study the accuracy of preoperative-ASSR in predicting behavioral thresholds of children at low age with profound hearing loss and to evaluate the feasibility of using hearing aids in non-operating ear after the cochlear implantation. Method: Children aged less than 2 years old at the time of surgery were selected as study subjects.The preoperative ASSR response threshold in 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 4.0 kHz were recorded.The play audiometry test was used to get the non operative ear behavioral thresholds of the children after three years old...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Emily Zhang, Daniel H Coelho
OBJECTIVE: To study postoperative hearing outcomes in older adult cochlear implant recipients who did not meet Medicare candidacy criteria by sentence testing in quiet. STUDY DESIGN: Case Control Series. SETTING: University Based Tertiary Referral Cochlear Implant Center. PATIENTS: Fifty-four patients age 60 or greater with bilateral moderate to profound sensorineural hearing loss who underwent cochlear implantation...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Kyle T Fletcher, Erin M Wolf Horrell, John Ayugi, Catherine Irungu, Maria Muthoka, Liza M Creel, Cathy Lester, Matthew L Bush
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the literature regarding the natural history and rehabilitative outcomes of sensorineural hearing loss from congenital cytomegalovirus infections. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, PsychINFO, CINAHL, and Web of Science to identify peer-reviewed research. Eligible studies were those containing original peer-reviewed research in English addressing either the natural history or rehabilitative outcomes of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV)...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Annes J Claes, Paul Van de Heyning, Annick Gilles, Vincent Van Rompaey, Griet Mertens
OBJECTIVES: To critically assess the current status of the literature on cognitive outcomes after cochlear implantation in older adults. METHODS: Studies were identified by searching MEDLINE (PubMed) and Cochrane Library, and checking reference lists of relevant articles. No restrictions were imposed regarding language, publication date, or publication status. Eligibility criteria were as follows: (1) the study sample included older adults aged 50 or over with severe to profound bilateral hearing loss, (2) the participants received a multi-electrode cochlear implant, and (3) a cognitive test was performed before and after implantation...
June 18, 2018: Cochlear Implants International
Peyman Zamani, Zahra Soleymani, Vahid Rashedi, Farhad Farahani, Gohar Lotf, Mohammad Rezaei
Objectives: To compare narrative skills between fourth and fifth grades of Persian-speaking students with hearing impairments and typical hearing students of the same grade and also to evaluate the effects of group, sex, hearing age, and educational grade of the students on their spoken/written narrative performance. Methods: The subjects were 174 students aged 10-13 years, 54 of whom wore cochlear implants, 60 suffered from moderate to severe hearing losses and wore hearing aids, with the remaining 60 students being typical hearing in terms of the sense of hearing...
June 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
Geerte G J Ramakers, Gijsbert A van Zanten, Hans G X M Thomeer, Robert J Stokroos, Martijn W Heymans, Inge Stegeman
OBJECTIVE: To develop and internally validate a prediction model for tinnitus recovery following unilateral cochlear implantation. DESIGN: A cross-sectional retrospective study. SETTING: A questionnaire concerning tinnitus was sent to patients with bilateral severe to profound hearing loss, who underwent unilateral cochlear implantation at the University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands, between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2015. PARTICIPANTS: Of 137 included patients, 87 patients experienced tinnitus preoperatively...
June 11, 2018: BMJ Open
Aran Yoo, Jonathan Jou, Jeffrey D Klopfenstein, Jorge C Kattah
Background: Infratentorial siderosis (iSS) is a progressive degenerative disorder targeting primarily the cerebellum and cranial nerve eighth; therefore, progressive ataxia and its neuro-otological findings are common. Toxicity from hemosiderin involves selectively vulnerable neurons and glia in these posterior fossa structures. Other neurologic findings may be present, though our focus relates to the cochlea-vestibular cerebellar involvement. Radiographic evidence of siderosis may be the result of recurrent, albeit covert bleeding in the subarachnoid space, or the consequence of an overt post-traumatic or aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH)...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
An Boudewyns, Jenneke van den Ende, Manou Sommen, Wim Wuyts, Nils Peeters, Paul Van de Heyning, Guy Van Camp
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to report the results of a comprehensive etiological work-up for congenitally deaf children including targeted next generation sequencing. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Fifty children with congenital, bilateral profound hearing loss (HL) (>90 dBnHL). INTERVENTIONS: Etiological work-up included testing for pathogenic variants in GJB2, a phenotype driven genetic analysis, screening for congenital infections and imaging...
July 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Jeroen P M Peters, Anne W Wendrich, Ruben H M van Eijl, Koenraad S Rhebergen, Huib Versnel, Wilko Grolman
HYPOTHESIS: A cochlear implant (CI) restores hearing in patients with profound sensorineural hearing loss by electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve. It is unknown how this electrical stimulation sounds. BACKGROUND: Patients with single-sided deafness (SSD) and a CI form a unique population, since they can compare the sound of their CI with simulations of the CI sound played to their nonimplanted ear. METHODS: We tested six stimuli (speech and music) in 10 SSD patients implanted with a CI (Cochlear Ltd)...
July 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Oded Shamriz, Yuval Tal, Menachem Gross
Cogan's syndrome (CS) is a rare autoimmune disorder characterized by audiovestibular dysfunction and ocular inflammation. Currently, there is no specific serum autoantibody used in the diagnostic workup of CS. Treatment is based on immunosuppressive agents, mainly corticosteroids as first-line choice. Recently, novel therapeutic modalities in CS have emerged. These include tumor necrosis factor- α inhibitors and other biologicals. Despite medical treatment, hearing loss may progress to irreversible bilateral profound SNHL in approximately half of CS patients resulting in candidacy for cochlear implantation (CI)...
2018: Journal of Immunology Research
Frances Rapport, Mia Bierbaum, Catherine McMahon, Isabelle Boisvert, Annie Lau, Jeffrey Braithwaite, Sarah Hughes
INTRODUCTION: The growing prevalence of adults with 'severe or greater' hearing loss globally is of great concern, with hearing loss leading to diminished communication, and impacting on an individual's quality of life (QoL). Cochlear implants (CI) are a recommended device for people with severe or greater, sensorineural hearing loss, who obtain limited benefits from conventional hearing aids (HA), and through improved speech perception, CIs can improve the QoL of recipients. Despite this, utilisation of CIs is low...
May 29, 2018: BMJ Open
Catherine F Killan, Sally Harman, Edward C Killan
BACKGROUND: Sound localization is a valuable skill that children can develop to some extent via bilateral cochlear implants (biCIs). However, little is known regarding the change that can be expected in sound-source localization accuracy (SLA) pre- and post-biCI for children with bilateral, severe-to-profound hearing impairment who spent their early years listening via bilateral hearing aids (biHAs). This study therefore aimed to prospectively assess SLA in a group of children before, and at one year after, receiving simultaneous biCIs...
May 29, 2018: Cochlear Implants International
Takeshi Watanabe, Haruo Yoshida, Kan Kishibe, Yuka Morita, Naohiro Yoshida, Haruo Takahashi, Yasuaki Harabuchi
OBJECTIVE: Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) without systemic symptoms but with initial symptoms related to the ear, such as hearing loss, otalgia, and dizziness, has recently been reported. We have categorized this condition as otitis media with AAV (OMAAV), and have recently proposed its diagnostic criteria. METHODS: To determine the effectiveness of cochlear implantation (CI) in patients with profound hearing loss due to OMAAV...
May 25, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Mustafa Celik, Erkan Karatas, Muzaffer Kanlikama
Objective: To evaluate the auditory functions and progress of speech development in children with and without cochlear anomalies who underwent cochlear implantation due to prelingual profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Methods: This study was conducted at Gaziantep University Faculty of Medicine Ear-Nose-Throat Department, between October 2006 and December 2007. A total of 69 children (aged 6 to 24 months) diagnosed with profound SNHL were included. Patients were divided into two groups with respect to the presence of inner ear anomalies: Group-1 consisted of 41 children without inner ear anomaly, whereas Group-2 was composed of 28 patients with inner ear anomalies...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Jasper L de Kleijn, Ludwike W M van Kalmthout, Martijn J B van der Vossen, Bernard M D Vonck, Vedat Topsakal, Hanneke Bruijnzeel
Importance: Although current guidelines recommend cochlear implantation only for children with profound hearing impairment (HI) (>90 decibel [dB] hearing level [HL]), studies show that children with severe hearing impairment (>70-90 dB HL) could also benefit from cochlear implantation. Objective: To perform a systematic review to identify audiologic thresholds (in dB HL) that could serve as an audiologic candidacy criterion for pediatric cochlear implantation using 4 domains of speech and language development as independent outcome measures (speech production, speech perception, receptive language, and auditory performance)...
May 24, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Y Shi, Y X Li
Cochlear implantation (CI) is a relatively new therapeutic method for patients with severe-to-profound unilateral sensorineural hearing loss. Acoustic signal can stimulate the ear directly, thus patients can gain better binaural hearing. This passage has reviewed the recent researches about CI for patients suffered from single side deafness. It can improve the ability of sound localization and speech recognition in noisy environment for patients, in addition, it may relieve tinnitus to some degree. But the long-term effect and indication selection still need further study...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"